This village, situated at the west end of 12 miles of unexcelled sand beach, was named for Henry Brevoort, Jr., 1845 surveyor; originally known as "The Warehouse," when the Mackinaw Lumber Company, which came here in 1875, built a large depot for . . . — — Map (db m87124) HM
Epoufette has been a fishing village since 1859, when Amable Goudreau, born in Quebec around 1824, established a commercial fishery. More than a century after his death in 1882, some of his descendants continued fishing operations. Father Edward . . . — — Map (db m4446) HM
In 1898, Carl Leopold purchased a summer cottage on Marquette Island, visible from here across Mackinac Bay. His family, including son Aldo, traveled there each summer from their home in Iowa. Aldo’s summers on the island were the start of a . . . — — Map (db m213310) HM
On June 6, 1822, Alexis St. Martin (1804-1880), a French Canadian voyageur, was accidentally shot in the American Fur Company Store located on this site. Dr. William Beaumont (1786-1853), the Fort Mackinac post surgeon, nursed St. Martin back . . . — — Map (db m34923) HM
Arch Rock is the most dazzling example of Mackinac Island's breccia formations. It once stood as a solid mass 100 feet above the lake level. About 4,000 years ago the lake waters slowly dissolved the softer material that extended into the center of . . . — — Map (db m153180) HM
Biddle House. The Biddle House is one of the oldest structures on Mackinac Island, dating to the 1780s. It is an example of piece sur piece en coulisse construction, a frame structure with a log infill fitted into slots. This French Canadian . . . — — Map (db m204427) HM
Here, during the night of July 16-17, 1812, a small force of British regulars and several hundred voyageurs and Indian allies from St. Joseph Island landed. They occupied a height that overlooks Fort Mackinac and demanded its surrender. Lt. . . . — — Map (db m96411) HM
Devil's Kitchen, a group of small sea caves or niches, is one of the youngest rock formations on Mackinac Island. This large mass of brecciated (fractured and recemented) limestone was formed about 350 million years ago. Wave action of the last few . . . — — Map (db m153170) HM
"...to preserve the work of nature, to make the spring accessible, to prove a shelter in time of storm, to be a resting place for the weary, long to be remembered after leaving the beautiful Island shore."
Superintendent Benjamin Franklin Emery,
. . . — — Map (db m204209) HM
Highest point on the island, 325 feet above the straits and 168 feet above Fort Mackinac.
Built by the British soon after the capture of Fort Mackinac, July 17, 1812. British named it Fort George, after the reigning English King, George . . . — — Map (db m204418) HM
Here in 1812, on the island's highest point, a blockhouse and stockade were built by the British and named Fort George. It was the bulwark of British defenses in 1814 when the American attack was repulsed. After the war the Americans renamed the . . . — — Map (db m55408) HM
Alfonzo F. Howe Architect
Charles W. Caskey Contractor
Classical design that will live forever
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of Interior — — Map (db m224392) HM
Opened on July 10, 1887, the Grand Hotel was built by the Grand Rapids & Indiana and the Michigan Central railroads and the Detroit & Cleveland Navigation Company through the efforts of Sen. Francis B. Stockbridge. It is built of Michigan white . . . — — Map (db m107066) HM
From 1923 to 1970, William C. Greany, “the Major,” was scoutmaster of the Detroit Area Council Troop 194.
In 1983 he was appointed Special Eagle Scout Administrator of Mackinac Island Scout Service Camp and for thirty years played a . . . — — Map (db m107133) HM
Mackinac Island has been called the most historic spot in the Middle West. Fort Mackinac was first built by the British in 1780-81. It was not until 1796, thirteen years after the end of the Revolutionary War, that the British relinquished this fort . . . — — Map (db m34972) HM
Mackinac Island has long been a burial location for the Anishnaabek (Odawa, Ojibway and Potawatomi). Some of the burials on the island are more than one thousand years old. It is a common practice for the Anishnaabek to bury their dead near water . . . — — Map (db m204415)
Indian Dormitory. The Treaty of 1836 transferred 15 million acres of Ojibway (Chippewa) and Odawa (Ottawa) land in Michigan Territory to the federal government. It also required improvements to the Mackinac Island Indian Agency, including "a . . . — — Map (db m204277) HM
Constructed for Charles O’Malley about 1852, this building was one of the first summer hotels on Mackinac Island. Captain Henry Van Allen, a Great Lakes Skipper, purchased the hotel in 1865. He later moved it from the beach to its present location. . . . — — Map (db m107061) HM
Originally known as the Lake View House, this is one of the oldest continuously operated hotels on Mackinac Island.
Reuben Chapman built the structure in 1858. After his death in 1860, the hotel was operated by his wife, Maria. In 1880 the . . . — — Map (db m224387) HM
Mackinac Island's dramatic and beautiful rock formations and shoreline are its most striking geological features. These natural wonders, made of brecciated (broken and recemented) limestone, originated more than 350 million years ago when the . . . — — Map (db m153181) HM
The Union Congregational Church, affectionately called Little Stone Church, was established in 1900 by eleven charter members. Local residents and summer visitors donated funds for its construction. The cornerstone was laid on August 2, 1904. This . . . — — Map (db m224389) HM
On September 6, 1943, Michigan’s Republican United States Senator, Arthur H. Vandenberg, chaired the meeting of the Post War Advisory Council. Republican National Committee Chairman, Harrison Spangler, created the council to draw up a foreign . . . — — Map (db m107071) HM
Father Jacques Marquette with Louis Joliet discoverer of the Mississippi River
Founder of Saint Ignace and Kaskaskia Missions and explorer Ardent and resourceful A shepherd who gave his life for the sheep.
To Nicolet-Raymbault and . . . — — Map (db m224395) HM
This is one of Michigan's oldest Protestant churches. It was built in 1829-30 by the Presbyterian flock of Rev. Wm. M. Ferry, founder in 1823 of a nearby Indian mission. Robert Stuart and Henry Schoolcraft were lay leaders. About 1838 private owners . . . — — Map (db m34913) HM
Nicolet Watch Tower
In Honor of
Who in 1634 passed through the Straits of Mackinac in a birch-bark canoe and
was the first white man to enter Michigan and the Old Northwest
Erected on behalf of the
State of . . . — — Map (db m107104) HM
The Post Cemetery is the final resting place for Fort Mackinac soldiers, their families and local officials.
Although the origin of the cemetery is lost in history, local lore from the nineteenth century suggests that both American and British . . . — — Map (db m107102) HM
The Round Island Lighthouse, seen south of this site, was completed in 1895. Operating under the auspices of the United States Government, this facility was in continuous use for fifty-two years. It was manned by a crew of three until its beacon was . . . — — Map (db m35151) HM
In 1670, Jesuit Father Charles Dablon founded a birchbark mission chapel on Mackinac Island. The following year, Father Jacques Marquette relocated the mission at Saint Ignace. Abandoned in 1706 and restablished (sic) at Fort Michilimackinac around . . . — — Map (db m96412) HM
Scout BarracksIn 1929, Park Commissioner Roger Andrews invited eight Eagle Scouts, including future President Gerald Ford, to serve as the “Governor’s Honor Guard” and tour guides at Fort Mackinac. Scouts raised and lowered the colors . . . — — Map (db m107087) HM
Skull Cave is one of Mackinac Island's oldest geological formations. It is located in the base of a 30 foot high limestone stack. 11,000 years ago this stack of hard limestone was exposed, as wave erosion of the ancient lakes cut away the softer . . . — — Map (db m153176) HM
According to tradition this is the cave in which the English fur-trader Alexander Henry hid out during the Indian uprising of 1763. The floor of the cave, he claimed, was covered with human bones, presumably Indian. — — Map (db m204412) HM
During the summer of 1979 the movie Somewhere in Time was made on Mackinac Island. Starring Christopher Reeve, Jane Seymour and Christopher Plummer, the romantic fantasy tells the story of a man who wills himself back to 1912 to meet a woman . . . — — Map (db m131768) HM
Sugar Loaf stands seventy-five feet above the surrounding level and is the largest of Mackinac Island's many limestone stacks. It was originally connected to the high cliffs directly behind you. More than 11,000 years ago, the erosive power of . . . — — Map (db m153171) HM
Fort Mackinac soldiers planted a garden in this large open space in front of the fort. Vegetables such as cabbage, leeks, carrots, radishes, onion, and squash supplemented their daily diet of meat and bread. Fences around the garden protected . . . — — Map (db m224397) HM
Every winter ice provides a vital link to the mainland. Two hundred years ago British soldiers used teams of oxen to haul men and materials across the ice when they moved Fort Michilimackinac from the mainland to the island. In the later 1800s the . . . — — Map (db m131769) HM
Since the late nineteenth century people had dreamed of building a bridge to connect Michigan's two peninsulas. Those dreams became a reality in the 1950s when the booming postwar tourism economy and modern highway system made possible the Mackinac . . . — — Map (db m131770) HM
Episcopal services on Mackinac Island date from 1837, when a Bishop preached in the Mission Church. For many years the congregation met in the post Chapel at Fort Mackinac and in the Court House. In 1873 a parish was organized, and in 1882 this . . . — — Map (db m204278) HM
About a mile west of here is the northernmost point of Lake Michigan. This geographical location is of historical importance because the act of Congress which created the territory of Michigan in 1805 used it to mark the western boundary of this new . . . — — Map (db m139339) HM
Ancient Anishinabe Path
The route that U.S. 2 follows today has served as an important transportation corridor from the earliest inhabitants of the Michigan Peninsulas to the present.
When the Federal Highway System was established . . . — — Map (db m139359) HM
The Anishinaabe village preserved their meat
and fish proteins by using drying racks
agwaawaanaak. Meats such as venison
waawaashkeshiwi-wiiyaas, beaver amiko-wiyaas
and bear mako-wiyaas were cut into thin strips
and . . . — — Map (db m214031) HM
Fishing in Lake Huron and Lake Michigan for the
Fisherman gigoonyikewinini was vital to the
Anishinaabe survival. During warm seasons these
large lakes required nets namewasab made of
bark fiber cord and nettle-stalk twine which . . . — — Map (db m214030) HM
The Three Sisters garden gitigaan was a
traditional way of planting three main agricultural
crops: corn mandaamin, beans mashkodesimin,
and squash okanakosimaan. Each crop
benefitted from one another. The corn seed . . . — — Map (db m214034) HM
The traditional healers nenaandawi'iwed or
medicine men were highly respected individuals
among the village due to their medicinal and
spiritual knowledge passed down for thousands of
years. Illness was cured both of the body and
spirit. . . . — — Map (db m214032) HM
An Anishinaabe woman anishinaabekwe plays
many important roles in the village. Other than
childbearing she builds, farms, crafts, hunts,
cooks and as this sculpture represents gathers
moozhaginan. She collects over 250 species . . . — — Map (db m214033) HM
This antique railroad bell with its classic ring is frm a coal-fired, steam-powered locomotive that was popular in the late 1880's in the hard rock mining & logging industries.
Donated by Clarence "Clancy" Kalmer in honor of his parents Willis . . . — — Map (db m140059) HM
By the 1930's, most of the Eastern Upper Peninsula's virgin forest had fallen under the axe and saw of the early loggers. Fires further ravaged the cut-over areas, leaving a barren landscape. Timber production plummeted just as the whole country . . . — — Map (db m139675) HM
The history of the Straits has always been interwoven with the fishing resources of the Great Lakes. The abundant stocks of fish were a food staple for the native people and early European traders and settlers.
Commercial fishing expanded . . . — — Map (db m139547) HM
Designer of the Mackinac Bridge, firmly believed that man made structures should be beautiful. From this vantage point it is clear that he achieved his goal. It is to his memory that this plaque has been dedicated.
June 11, 1967 — — Map (db m105763) HM
Strewn across the bottomlands of East Moran Bay, particularly off this beach, are fascinating artifacts discarded from canoes, schooners, and steamboats for more than 300 years.
Commerial vessels—from Indian and French canoes to modern . . . — — Map (db m139693) HM
Black Robes of the Wilderness
In the 17th century the Society of Jesus (The Jesuits) sent missionaries to the far reaches of Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The Roman Catholic order was founded in 1537 by the Basque priest, . . . — — Map (db m139445) HM
This fort was built by the French near here within a decade after Marquette had established his mission in 1671. Its name was that of the family of Frontenac, the French Governor for North America. Until Detroit was founded in 1701, this was the . . . — — Map (db m139604) HM
The French Come to the Straits
The Straits of Mackinac has been a gathering place for hundreds of years. An abundance of whitefish, lake trout and sturgeon attracted Native people who established seasonal villages on Mackinac and Bois Blanc . . . — — Map (db m139634) HM
(Translation of Latin Text on Monument)
Erected by the citizens of St. Ignace in 1882, this monument marks the grave of Rev. Father James Marquette, S.J., who died on the eighteenth day of May, 1675, at the age of thirty . . . — — Map (db m139394) HM
In Commemoration of the Thousands of Great Lakes Shipwrecks and Michigan’s Underwater Preserves. Great Lakes shipping played a significant role in the settlement and growth of Michigan and surrounding territories as early as the 1700s. Brutally . . . — — Map (db m154880) HM
French fishermen who came to Gros Cap (on the shore below) early last century also participated in its offshore settlement, St. Helena Island, where ships obtained wood fuel and other supplies. There in 1850, Archie and Wilson Newton set up a . . . — — Map (db m104025) HM
The Great Lakes are known for delicious freshwater fish.
Before the white man came, Native Indian tribes supplied their needs with fresh and dried fish from these lakes.
Later, others joined in the fishing business, many of them from the . . . — — Map (db m130127) HM
Some of the Hurons, who were driven from Ontario and the East by hostile Iroquois, finally found refuge in 1671 beside Marquette's new St. Ignace Mission. (Also called Huron Mission). They remained here with the French and Ottawas until 1701, when . . . — — Map (db m139395) HM
This church building, constructed in 1837, still stands because of the foresight and commitment of the St. Ignace Knights of Columbus.
Originally built on South State Street, the Old Mission Church served St. Ignatius Roman Catholic Parish for . . . — — Map (db m139470) HM
This lake, the sixth largest in the world, was discovered in 1634 by Jean Nicolet, who explored this north shore to Green Bay but found no Orientals as the French in Quebec had hoped he would. The general size and outline of the lake was established . . . — — Map (db m4439) HM
In memory of those who lost their lives building the bridge:
1. Albert B. Abbott-
2. Jack C. Baker-
3. Robert Koppen-
4. James R. LeSarge-
5. Frank Pepper-Diver
Local Unions that built . . . — — Map (db m214026) HM
Designed by David B. Steinman, and representing a new level of aerodynamic stability in suspension bridges for its time, the Mackinac Bridge was the first suspension bridge to incorporate specific design features to manage the forces imposed on it . . . — — Map (db m105762) HM
Nicolet passed through the Straits in 1634 seeking a route to the Orient. Soon it became a crossroads where Indian, missionary, trapper, and soldier met. From the 1600's through the War of 1812 first Frenchman and Englishman, then Briton and . . . — — Map (db m101013) HM
The Mackinaw Boat was a unique design of Great Lakes vessel developed by the French and based on the Indian design of the Birch Bark Canoe. It was characterized by identical tapered pointed ends, high sides, narrow beam and gaff-rigged sails. . . . — — Map (db m139662) HM
The loose term "Mackinaw Boat" originally referred to any small sailing craft used in the Straits of Mackinac. The rather flat bottom and shallow draft allowed Mackinaw Boats to be pulled up on the beach, making them an ideal work boat when . . . — — Map (db m139665) HM
Built and operated under the supervision of Grover C. Dillman, State Highway Commissioner, as a link of the State Highway System.
Ferry service first opened -1923- under the supervision of Frank F. Rogers, State Highway Commissioner, 1913-1929.
. . . — — Map (db m130090) HM
Famous landing place for 17th century adventurers, explorers, voyageurs, traders, coureurs de bois, soldiers and missionaries, who followed Indian routes to this shore; — Brule, Nicolet, Dablon, Marquette, Perrot, Jolliet, La Salle, Hennepin, . . . — — Map (db m139461) HM
The four large cylinder shaped structures that you see in place out in the bay are called "mooring dolphins". A dolphin is "a man-made marine structure that extends above the water level and is not connected to shore". These particular dolphins . . . — — Map (db m130123) HM
The four large cylinder shaped structures that you see in place out in the bay are called "mooring dolphins". A dolphin is "a man-made marine structure that extends above the water level and is not connected to shore". These particular dolphins . . . — — Map (db m139691) HM
Man, in search of game, first entered North America during the Ice Age by crossing the Bering land bridge that once linked present-day Siberia and Alaska. Beginning about 9,000 B.C., melting glaciers raised the sea level 300 feet, flooding the . . . — — Map (db m139661) HM
Michigan's huge, untouched forests once seemed inexhaustible. Virgin White Pine often were over 5 feet in diameter and 200 feet tall.
The lumber era boomed in Michigan between 1880 and 1900. Giant trees were cut in winter and floated to . . . — — Map (db m139603) HM
Here on West Moran Bay, a large 17th century Ottawa village was directly connected by trail and water with Michilimackinac center on Moran Bay, Lake Huron. Both bays were named for Trader Morin whose post was at this settlement. The original burial . . . — — Map (db m104013) HM
10,000 years ago the last Pleistocene glacier retreated across this region, leaving behind the Great Lakes and their drainage basin. The first human inhabitants arrived soon thereafter, living off abundant game, fertile soil and . . . — — Map (db m139794) HM
Prentiss Marsh Brown dreamed of what it would take to bridge the Mackinac Straits. He grew up in St. Ignace at the dawn of the 20th century and often gazed south across the Straits, a daunting stretch of cold, deep water. He could not know then . . . — — Map (db m105711) HM
When the Mackinac Bridge was constructed, a bell was placed at the base of each tower to guide approaching vessels during poor visibility. In March of 1961, a fog horn was installed. The bells have been silent ever since. On April 24, 2002, the . . . — — Map (db m105681) HM
Pere Marquette established in 1671 the Mission of St. Ignace. French troops soon after built Fort Buade. The state’s second oldest white village guarded the Straits while serving as the most important French fur post in the northwest. By 1706 both . . . — — Map (db m34970) HM
St. Ignace Mission has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark
Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value commemorating and illustrating the history of the United . . . — — Map (db m214028) HM
In 1671 the mission of St. Ignace was established so that the Christian message could be brought to several thousand Indians living on this shore. The founder was Father Jacques Marquette, the Jesuit missionary. In 1673 he left on his great journey . . . — — Map (db m214029) HM
July 31, 1923 marked the beginning of a Straits ferry system, when the converted river boat “Ariel,” landed 20 autos at the St. Ignace center. Annual traffic increased to about one million cars, requiring 470 employees, new docks and a . . . — — Map (db m130095) HM
This dock and the auto ferries which landed here were once the Upper Peninsula's "highway" to lower Michigan.
In the early 1900's, the few cars which reached the Straits crossed on railroad ferries, at a cost of $40 each! Better roads . . . — — Map (db m139782) HM
One of the oldest archaeological sites in the country is located in St. Ignace at the Museum of Ojibwa Culture (across the street from here). The Huron village, which was located there, is believed to have looked like this in the 1600s. These . . . — — Map (db m139513) HM
The boardwalk on which you are standing is constructed on what is affectionately referred to by local residents as the "Chief Dock". It is the previous home to the Chief Wawatam (Wa-wa'-tem), a hand-fired, coal burning train-car ferry built by the . . . — — Map (db m130100) HM
Panel 1 — The Life
In the years when passenger trains were part of the train service, the Chief's crew consisted of 54 people including "hotel services staff." The Chief ran 24 hours a day. She could carry 348 passengers and had . . . — — Map (db m140007) HM
When Huron refugees settled on this site in 1671 they established a village similar to the ones they had built for centuries in lower Ontario, their homeland.
The most striking feature in a Huron village is the very tall and very long bark . . . — — Map (db m139625) HM
French traders established themselves in the Upper Great Lakes region after 1644 and were welcome among the Indians. They sought harmony with the native people, learning their language and respecting their customs.
The French adopted useful . . . — — Map (db m139530) HM
The young men and women who were torn from their homes, families, and friends to serve their country in its time of need some came back as they left. Others returned disabled, scarred physically and mentally, and many gave their last . . . — — Map (db m214027) WM
Father Jacques Marquette, a Jesuit priest, established a mission called St. Ignace here in 1671.
In May of 1673, Marquette, Louis Jolliet and 5 other Frenchmen left St. Ignace in 2 canoes on an expedition to find the river known as the . . . — — Map (db m139514) HM
The Great Lakes have swallowed up over 10,000 ships since the first trading ship was lost in 1679. Storm waves on the lakes are sharper than the roll and swell of ocean waves; a ship may not recover before being struck by another wave.
Lake . . . — — Map (db m139590) HM
The dark debris along the shoreline of this sandy beach is actually tree bark that has washed ashore. How did the tree bark get in the water in the first place?
From the 1870's to the mid 1900's, when the lumber industry was huge in Northern . . . — — Map (db m139492) HM
The dark debris along the shoreline of this sandy beach is actually tree bark that has washed ashore. How did the tree bark get in the water in the first place?
From the 1870's to the mid 1900's, when the lumber industry was huge in Northern . . . — — Map (db m139511) HM
This rudder came from the shipwreck of the William H. Barnum, a wooden steamer lost April 3, 1894. While carrying a cargo of corn the aging Barnum was blocked and cut open by ice. No loss of life occurred.
William H. Barnum Length: 218' • . . . — — Map (db m130126) HM