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Rosenwald Schools Historical Markers

Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears Roebuck established a foundation that funded 4,977 schools for African Americans throughout the south from 1912 to 1932.
 
Mount Sinai Rosenwald School and marker. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, October 25, 2020
Mount Sinai Rosenwald School and marker.
1 Alabama, Autauga County, Prattville — Mount Sinai Rosenwald SchoolAutauga County
In 1919, Anthony Townsend donated 5 acres of land for this school. In 1913, Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears & Roebuck, and Booker T. Washington established the Rosenwald School program to improve the quality of public education for African American . . . Map (db m158654) HM
2 Alabama, Baldwin County, Stockton — Public Education in Baldwin County / Little Red Schoolhouse Historic Site
In 1799 the first public school in Alabama was built just north of this site at Boatyard Lake in the Tensaw Community. More than 90 small schools dotted Baldwin County in the early twentieth century. This one room school was built in 1920 by African . . . Map (db m122669) HM
3 Alabama, Bullock County, Midway — Old Merritt School Midway Community Center
Margaret Elizabeth Merritt of Midway sold two acres for $5 to the state of Alabama in 1921 as a site for an elementary school for African-American children. Built in 1922 with matching Rosenwald funds, the Midway Colored Public School featured oak . . . Map (db m60910) HM
4 Alabama, Chambers County, Fredonia — New Hope Rosenwald School
The Rosenwald School program was a collaboration between educator Booker T. Washington and Sears CEO Julius Rosenwald to improve educational opportunities for African American children in the rural South during the early 1900's. The Rosenwald . . . Map (db m238815) HM
5 Alabama, Chilton County, Clanton — Chilton County Training School 1924-1969
The Chilton County Training School (CCTS) was the only facility in the county that provided a secondary education for black boys and girls until the mid-1960s. In 1924 black landowners donated five acres for the school to the Board of Education who . . . Map (db m54656) HM
6 Alabama, Colbert County, Cherokee — Cherokee High School
Cherokee High School began here in 1921 as a grammar school with two teachers in a new frame building. The building was erected by African Americans using a Julius Rosenwald Grant with additional funds from the local community. The county school . . . Map (db m192084) HM
7 Alabama, Elmore County, Wetumpka — Elmore County Training School
Constructed in 1924 on five acres, this building was one of nine schools constructed in Elmore County with funding assistance from the Julius Rosenwald Fund. Between 1912-32, Julius Rosenwald, a Jewish philanthropist and CEO of Sears, Roebuck and . . . Map (db m70548) HM
8 Alabama, Escambia County, Atmore — Escambia County Training School
In 1920, a wooden building was constructed as the Atmore Colored School and operated until 1925. In 1926, a new wood and a brick building was erected with assistance from Rosenwald School fund and it was renamed the Escambia County Training School. . . . Map (db m100835) HM
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9 Alabama, Hale County, Gallion — Oak Grove School
Tuskegee educator Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald, Sears, Roebuck & Company president, initiated one of the most ambitiuous school building programs for African Americans in the United States. The Oak Grove School is one example of the . . . Map (db m83753) HM
10 Alabama, Henry County, Newville — Newville High School / Newville Rosenwald School
Newville High School The first known school in Newville was at Center Church in 1881. When Grange Hall was built in 1891, church services and school were held on the first floor. In 1913, Grange Hall was torn down and the wood was used to . . . Map (db m71812) HM
11 Alabama, Henry County, Newville — Newville, Alabama / Newville Pioneers
Newville, Alabama James Madison Wells founded a village called Wells circa 1882. When Abbeville Southern Railroad laid tracks through the town in 1893, its name was changed to Wells Station. The post office was built in 1894. Wells Station . . . Map (db m71810) HM
12 Alabama, Lawrence County, Moulton — Moulton Negro High SchoolAlso Called Moulton Rosenwald School
Near this site in the 1920's a school was constructed with funds and labor from the African~American Community along with funds from the Public, Whites and the Rosenwald Foundation. In the 1950's new buildings replaced the wooden structures. Most of . . . Map (db m195203) HM
13 Alabama, Lee County, Loachapoka — First Rosenwald School
Side 1 On this site once stood the first of over 5,300 Rosenwald schools for black children built between 1913 and 1932. The schools were started in a collaboration between Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears, Roebuck, and Company and Booker . . . Map (db m73539) HM
14 Alabama, Macon County, Notasulga — Shiloh-Rosenwald School / Shiloh Missionary Baptist Church
Shiloh-Rosenwald School The Shiloh-Rosenwald School, located in Notasulga, was a collaboration between educator Booker T. Washington and Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears. Rosenwald schools are landmarks in the history of African-American . . . Map (db m95109) HM
15 Alabama, Macon County, Tuskegee Institute — 4 — Julius Rosenwald — The Tuskegee Civil Rights and Historic Trail —
Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932) was a Jewish multimillionaire merchant and one of the founders (1906) of Sears, Roebuck, and Company, then the largest department store in the United States. Rosenwald was a member of the Tuskegee University Board of . . . Map (db m134671) HM
16 Alabama, Madison County, Normal — Councill Training School(1919 - 1970)
In 1919, the first building was erected nearby with funds provided locally and supplemented with a Julius Rosenwald Foundation grant. Named for William H. Councill, Alabama A&M University founder, the three-room structure was built for black . . . Map (db m39761) HM
17 Alabama, Madison County, Toney — Toney Rosenwald School
The first public county high school for African-Americans in Madison County was located in the Toney community. The original Toney School was founded in 1896 in a log cabin on the Henderson (Tump) Crutcher place (-½ mile west of this site, at the . . . Map (db m201346) HM
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18 Alabama, Mobile County, Grand Bay — Grand Bay Elementary School for ColoredEstablished in 1919
The Grand Bay Elementary School for Colored was located on land adjacent to this building. Peter Alba donated the parcel on which the school was constructed in 1919. Soon thereafter, Black residents of Grand Bay and the Board of School . . . Map (db m189763) HM
19 Alabama, Montgomery County, Hope Hull — Tankersley Rosenwald SchoolErected in 1923
This building was one of fourteen schools constructed in Montgomery County with funding assistance from the Julius Rosenwald Fund. Between 1912-32, Julius Rosenwald, a Jewish philanthropist and CEO of Sears, Roebuck and Company teamed up with Booker . . . Map (db m71427) HM
20 Alabama, Montgomery County, Montgomery — Madison Park SchoolMontgomery County
In 1890, Elijah Madison Jr., Charles Branson, Charles Braswell and others donated funds to construct a private school in the Madison Park Community, which was founded by 14 former Slaves in 1880. A storm soon destroyed the first school building. . . . Map (db m142146) HM
21 Alabama, Pickens County, Pickensville — Historic Pickensville Rosenwald School
This school was erected in c. 1925 and sits on 3 acres donated by two community citizens, Nunnie and Jennie Stinson, parents of Yeuma Stinson-Gillis. Some educators were: A.B. Bonner, Nora Spencer, Dotha Will Moss, Annie Sherrod, Zora . . . Map (db m178783) HM
22 Arkansas, Arkansas County, Stuttgart — Holman School
Named for educator Leroy Davis Holman, North Carolina-born educator who began teaching Stuttgart’s African American children in 1907. The school, first located at Porter and Lincoln Streets, was rebuilt in 1924 with Rosenwald Foundation funding. . . . Map (db m201392) HM
23 Arkansas, Clark County, Arkadelphia — Peake High School
PHS Dedicated This landmark is erected on the original site of Peake School built on land donated by Mr. Ed Peake in 1928, and is dedicated to the faculties and staffs who encouraged and prepared us to compete on an equal level with the best . . . Map (db m234859) HM
24 Arkansas, Pulaski County, Little Rock, Downtown — Paul Laurence Dunbar High School
Named in honor of the outstanding “Poet Laureate” of the Negro race, was dedicated April 14, 1930 to replace Gibbs High School. Previously named The Negro School of Industrial Arts, Dunbar was a Junior-Senior high school offering general . . . Map (db m211485) HM
25 Florida, Alachua County, Alachua — F-823 — Alachua County Training School
(Side 1) The Alachua County Training School was built at this location as the first school for blacks in the City of Alachua in 1922. In 1920, a delegation of courageous black men from Alachua led by Jack Postell, who could neither read nor . . . Map (db m151120) HM
26 Florida, Alachua County, High Springs — F-835 — Douglass High School
Residents of High Springs saw the need for a public school for African Americans in 1886. By 1902, black students moved into the Red Schoolhouse, a two-story wood frame building previously constructed as a school for whites. White students moved . . . Map (db m151376) HM
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27 Florida, Bay County, Panama City — F-1098 — Rosenwald High School
Side 1 In 1913, Jewish philanthropist and Sears, Roebuck and Company chairman, Julius Rosenwald, joined African American rights activist Booker T. Washington of the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute to help support a project to design and . . . Map (db m192362) HM
28 Florida, Broward County, Pompano Beach — F-991 — The Pompano Colored School
(Side 1) The first school for Pompano Beach’s African American students was a two-room wooden building that was destroyed in the 1926 Great Miami hurricane. Classes were held in the Psalters Temple AME Church until a new schoolhouse could . . . Map (db m137400) HM
29 Florida, Jackson County, Marianna — F-506 — Gilmore Academy - Jackson County Training School1922-1970
In 1922, Robert T. Gilmore (1879-1948), born in Monticello, founded Gilmore Academy, one of Jackson County's first African-American high schools. Trustees of Marianna's African-American community purchased this three-acre site in 1907 and raised . . . Map (db m74191) HM
30 Florida, Jefferson County, Monticello — F-682 — Howard Academy High School on Chestnut Street
Howard Academy High School's Building 1 opened on Chestnut Street in 1936 with one structure containing several classrooms. In 1940, a similar, second building was constructed and financed by the county, parents and The Julius Rosenwald Fund. . . . Map (db m67656) HM
31 Florida, Lake County, Mount Dora — F-485 — Milner-Rosenwald AcademyBuilt in 1926
Milner-Rosenwald Academy served African-American school children from 1926 to 1962. When fire destroyed the old school in 1922, parents and community leaders, led by Mamie Lee Gilbert (1886-1976) and Lula Butler, raised money for a new one. Seed . . . Map (db m72753) HM
32 Florida, Lake County, Okahumpka — Okahumpka Rosenwald School
Julius Rosenwald was the chairman of Sears Roebuck and Co. in 1908. As a Jewish American, he believed the most serious problem of the United Stats was the plight of Black Americans. Rosenwald was a close friend of Booker T. Washington. . . . Map (db m185785) HM
33 Florida, Leon County, Tallahassee — F-834 — Lucy Moten Elementary School
Lucy Moten School was built in 1932 at Florida A&M University (FAMU) with support from the Julius Rosenwald Fund and General Education Board. For more than 70 years, the school served as a training facility for African-American educators. The . . . Map (db m137656) HM
34 Florida, Leon County, Tallahassee, Frenchtown — F-909 — Original Lincoln High School
Lincoln School served as the primary public education institution for African Americans in Leon County from 1869 to 1969. Established in 1869 as one of only two Freedman's Bureau schools in Florida to educate newly freed slaves. It was named after . . . Map (db m110972) HM
35 Florida, Nassau County, Fernandina Beach — F-873 — Peck High School
(Side 1) The groundwork for Peck High School started in 1880, when a group led by Henry B. Delaney petitioned for an African American school in Fernandina. In 1885, a four-room building known as Colored School No. 1 opened at Atlantic . . . Map (db m93837) HM
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36 Florida, Palm Beach County, Boynton Beach — Rosenwald Schools in Palm Beach CountyPoinciana Elementary — "Boynton Beach Colored" —
A school for black children was established before 1900 by members of the St. Paul AME Church. In 1907, the congregation petitioned the Dade County School Board for a teacher and built a small building on donated land. The school received its most . . . Map (db m223346) HM
37 Florida, Palm Beach County, Jupiter — F-890 — L.M. Davis Elementary School
Education was a challenging priority for the African-American community of Limestone Creek. Denied access to Jupiter’s nearby public schools by segregation laws, the community opened its own school in 1905. The “Jupiter Colored School,” . . . Map (db m95663) HM
38 Florida, Polk County, Lake Alfred — PCHC-023 — Fruitlands Institute
On this site stood a Rosenwald School. Educator Booker T. Washington (1856-1915) enlisted philanthropist and CEO of Sears, Roebuck & Company, Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932) to help fund the building of rural community schools for African American . . . Map (db m131643) HM
39 Florida, Polk County, Winter Haven — F-675 — Florence Villa Training School1924-1925
The Florence Villa Training School for Negroes replaced an earlier African-American school built in 1916 on the corner of 2nd and Palmetto Street. By 1922 the first school was in disrepair and classes were held at the Colored Methodist Episcopal . . . Map (db m93191) HM
40 Florida, Sarasota County, Sarasota — The Booker Schools
Side 1 Emma E. Booker, a pioneer Black educator was teaching in Sarasota's public school for Negro children in the 1910s. By 1918 she was principal of "Sarasota Grammar School" which held classes in rented halls. The Julius Rosenwald Fund helped . . . Map (db m121010) HM
41 Florida, Suwannee County, Live Oak — F-1000 — The Douglass Center
(Side 1) This is the site of the Douglass Center, a consolidated school complex that offered elementary, junior, and high school level classes to African American students. The center's origin can be traced back to the Reconstruction era. . . . Map (db m127265) HM
42 Florida, Taylor County, Perry — F-699 — Jerkins High School
In 1853, a family of free blacks established the Spring Hill Missionary Baptist Church in what was then known as Rosehead, later Perry. The roots of African-American education in Taylor County began with this church, which remains the oldest . . . Map (db m67600) HM
43 Florida, Volusia County, DeLeon Springs — F-930 — DeLeon Springs Colored School
(side 1) African American families living in DeLeon Springs in the 1920s needed a better school. The Mt. Zion African Methodist Episcopal Church was no longer adequate and classes moved to St. Joseph Lodge, but it also was too small. In . . . Map (db m101681) HM
44 Florida, Volusia County, Orange City — F-929 — Orange City Colored School
The Orange City Colored School was the first building in town constructed for education of African Americans. Before it opened in 1927, various buildings had been adapted for use as classrooms but were small and poorly lighted. Inspired by her . . . Map (db m101682) HM
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45 Georgia, Bartow County, Cassville — 008-52 — Noble Hill Rosenwald School
Noble Hill Rosenwald School, now known as Noble Hill-Wheeler Memorial Center, built in 1923 as the first standard school for Black children in Bartow County School System. The school closed in 1955 when all schools for Black Children in Bartow . . . Map (db m13456) HM
46 Georgia, Brooks County, Barney — 14-2 — Barney Colored Elementary School
Barney Colored Elementary School was part of the Rosenwald school building program that matched funds from philanthropist Julius Rosenwaid with community donations to build rural Southern schools during the era of segregation. An example of a . . . Map (db m234828) HM
47 Georgia, Bulloch County, Portal — Willow Hill School and Community>>>>--->
In 1874, nine years after the Civil War ended, a group of former slaves of the Riggs, Donaldson, Parrish, and Hall families founded the Willow Hill School to serve the area’s black children. Georgia Ann Riggs, age 15 and a former slave, was the . . . Map (db m107739) HM
48 Georgia, Chatham County, Savannah — 25-40 — Pin Point Community
Pin Point was settled in 1896 by former slaves from Ossabaw, Green, and Skidaway Islands. Sweetfield of Eden Baptist Church, founded in Pin Point in 1897, was a successor to Ossabaw’s Hinder Me Not Church and also served as the community's school . . . Map (db m54183) HM
49 Georgia, Decatur County, Bainbridge — Hutto School
The first school for former slaves in this county was established in 1869 and was known as the Whittier School and Tabernacle for Colored Children. It was on Shotwell Street and had grades 1-7. The name soon changed to Whittier Normal School . . . Map (db m40945) HM
50 Georgia, Hart County, Hartwell — 73-1 — Hart County Training School
Hart County Training School (HCTS), established in 1924 for the education of African-American children, was partially funded by the Rosenwald School Building Program. This program matched funds from philanthropist Julius Rosenwald with community . . . Map (db m239143) HM
51 Georgia, Macon County, Oglethorpe — 096-3 — Lumpkin Academy
Horace T. Lumpkin (1857-1930) A Virginia native and son of exslaves, is credited with introducing formal education to black children in Macon County. Lumpkin, who was educated at Knoxville College, Tennessee and Atlanta University, founded the . . . Map (db m27258) HM
52 Georgia, Muscogee County, Columbus — Radcliff School
In the fall of 1914 Radcliff School was organized in Allen Temple A.M.E. Church. At that time it was known as Wynnton Hill School. J. L. Bond was principal and the first head teacher was Mrs. S. A. Cody. When the building burned, the school was . . . Map (db m22409) HM
53 Georgia, Muscogee County, Columbus — William H. Spencer High School
On this site, on November 29, 1930, the first local high school for colored students opened. The school was the result of a grant from the Rosenwald Foundation and was named in honor of William Henry Spencer, Supervisor of the Colored Schools in . . . Map (db m58783) HM
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54 Georgia, Paulding County, Hiram — 110-1 — The Hiram Rosenwald School
In 1912 Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck and Company, established the Rosenwald Fund to assist in community school construction of public schools for African-American students in the South. The Julius Rosenwald Fund assisted local . . . Map (db m13466) HM
55 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Kenwood — Julius Rosenwald — Chicago Tribute —
Julius Rosenwald Businessman and philanthropist 1862 - 1932 Sears, Roebuck & Company became a household name because of the energy and vision of Julius Rosenwald. He developed Sears’ mail-order business when much of the nation . . . Map (db m188774) HM
56 Illinois, Sangamon County, Springfield — Boyhood Home of Julius Rosenwald
Noted businessman and philanthropist Julius Rosenwald (1862-1932) lived in this house as a boy between 1869 and 1879. The son of German Jewish immigrants, he left Springfield without completing high school to learn the clothing trade. In 1895, . . . Map (db m190069) HM
57 Kentucky, Hardin County, Elizabethtown — 2048 — Bond-Washington School / Julius Rosenwald Fund
Bond-Washington School This site purchased in 1869 by the trustees of the African School of Elizabethtown. It was the location of District A School from 1888- 1923, when East Side High School was built with aid from the local African . . . Map (db m223268) HM
58 Kentucky, Hopkins County, Madisonville — 2377 — Rosenwald High School / Professor C. L. Timberlake
Rosenwald High School Here, Professor C. L. Timberlake established first high school in city for blacks. Rosenwald High School opened in 1932; operated until 1966. Rosenwald Foundation funded its construction. In 1936, basketball team . . . Map (db m88950) HM
59 Kentucky, Marion County, Lebanon — 2048 — Rosenwald School
This Rosenwald School (1931-1961) is one of 158 schools built in Ky., 1917-1932. The building projects were initiated by the African American community and funded with aid of Julius Rosenwald and philanthropists to provide quality education to the . . . Map (db m99429) HM
60 Kentucky, Mason County, Mays Lick — May's Lick Negro School1920
Placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior The school is the only surviving Rosenwald school of its type in northern Kentucky and was the first consolidated Negro school for Mason . . . Map (db m218020) HM
61 Kentucky, Mercer County, Harrodsburg — 2050 / 47 — West Side School
This African American School was erected on this property in 1930, thanks to a donation from the Julius Rosenwald Fund. west Side was the only elementary and high school for African American children in Mercer County. It united the faculty, . . . Map (db m153033) HM
62 Kentucky, Oldham County, La Grange — 2418 — Lagrange Training School / Rosenwald Schools
Built in 1921-22, it was the ninth school in Ky. for African Americans supported by the Julius Rosenwald Grant. After completing the first 8 years of school, students were bussed 25 miles to the Lincoln Institute in Shelby Co. to attend high . . . Map (db m136159) HM
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63 Kentucky, Scott County, Midway — 2267 — Zion Hill / Zion Hill School
Zion Hill Established prior to the end of slavery. Originally known as South EIkhorn Bend & Lenerson. The name was later changed to Zion Hill. It was a prominent African American community with two stores. church, and post office. . . . Map (db m170033) HM
64 Kentucky, Warren County, Bowling Green — A West Side Story
Dr. Henry Carpenter After the Civil War, Bowling Green's west side became home to a growing number of the city's African Americans. Many owned their properties and worked hard to support their families. As the black population grew, the need . . . Map (db m143039) HM
65 Louisiana, Ascension Parish, Donaldsonville — African American Life
This quiet neighborhood between the river and the railroad retains a number of historic features related to the struggles and achievements of Louisiana African Americans. The Rosenwald School building in front of you was relocated from a site 15 . . . Map (db m155974) HM
66 Louisiana, Ascension Parish, Donaldsonville — Central Agricultural School
It began in 1912, Booker T. Washington, President of Tuskegee Institute, approached Julius Rosenwald, President of Sears, Roebuck and Company, with an idea for a pilot program that was to have a dramatic impact on the face of America. . . . Map (db m154213) HM
67 Louisiana, Caddo Parish, Sentell — Cash Point SchoolA Rosenwald School — Historic Site —
The former Rosenwald School at Cash Point was built in 1923-24 for a cost of $2,300.00 as a two teacher frame school. The Rosenwald Fund was developed by Julius Rosenwald, CEO of Sears, Roebuck & Company, and educator, Booker T. Washington in . . . Map (db m175959) HM
68 Louisiana, Claiborne Parish, Homer — St. John Colored School
On this site in 1916, the St. John community donated land and logs to construct a Rosenwald school building for the negro children of the community. Earlier schools were established at St. John Missionary Baptist and later a small one room . . . Map (db m180161) HM
69 Louisiana, St. Landry Parish, Plaisance — Plaisance School
Plaisance School was built in 1921 at a total cost of $4,500.00. Funds for construction were donated by Julius Rosenwald Fund - $1,200.00; the Plaisance black community - $3,100.00; and the St. Landry parish school authorities and the white . . . Map (db m107477) HM
70 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Annapolis, Parole — 5 — Parole's Public Schools — Parole Heritage Tour —
The "Little Red Schoolhouse"… …built in 1816, was the first recorded classroom for colored children in the Parole area. This one-room school was located in the general area just north of the existing intersection of West Street and . . . Map (db m232508) HM
71 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Glen Burnie — Marley Neck School
This historic school is a significant example of a Rosenwald School design and represents a landmark era in black education in the period before federal support of local education. The school was built in 1927 with funds raised by the local . . . Map (db m9035) HM
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72 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Hanover, Harmans — Harmans
An African American community and church were established nearby in the mid 19th century. In 1918 the Benevolent Sons and Daughters of Abraham, a mutual aid society, purchased and donated land on this site for a two-room school which was built . . . Map (db m49729) HM
73 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Pasadena — Freetown
Established in the mid 19th century on land owned by Capt. James Spencer, who served in the Union Army during the Civil War, Freetown illustrates the principles of self-sufficiency and cooperation typical of African American communities. The first . . . Map (db m13567) HM
74 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Pumphrey — Pumphrey"We Are Our History, and Our History Is Us"
The Patapsco Park area, widely known as Pumphrey, is an historic African American enclave with roots dating to well before the American Civil War. The largely Black community remained homogeneous for many years and prided itself with . . . Map (db m240357) HM
75 Maryland, Anne Arundel County, Pumphrey — Pumphrey Elementary School
Completed in 1923 on Berlin Avenue under the Rosenwald Program, which was instrumental in the education of African Americans in the early 20th century. The fund provided matching grants for more than 5,000 schools, shops, and teachers' residences . . . Map (db m79728) HM
76 Maryland, Harford County, Bel Air — Historic Bel Air
Walking Tour North (60 min) 1. Bel Air Methodist Episcopal Church, 20 North Main Street Originally constructed in 1888 using a standard catalog plan for Methodist churches, this impressive structure was transferred to the County . . . Map (db m104847) HM
77 Maryland, Montgomery County, Beallsville — The Darby Store
When customers walked through this store's front door in the early to mid-20th century, they found a little bit of everything — general merchandise, medicine, groceries, meat, clothing, shoes, seeds, paint, and hardware. Darby kept his store . . . Map (db m237615) HM
78 Maryland, Montgomery County, Rockville — 12 & 14 — Rockville's First Colored School / Rockville's Second Colored SchoolRockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour Reported permanently removed
Rockville's First Colored School 246 North Washington Street In March, 1867, twenty African Americans pledged to support a school by taking responsibility for money "as may be necessary to pay the board and washing of the teacher and . . . Map (db m43556) HM
79 Maryland, Montgomery County, Rockville — 12, 14 — Rockville's First Colored School / Rockville's Second Colored SchoolRockville's African American Heritage Walking Tour
Rockville's First Colored School Location: 246 North Washington Street In March, 1867 African-American men pledged to support a school by taking responsibility for money "as may be necessary to pay the board and washing of the . . . Map (db m174778) HM
80 Maryland, Montgomery County, Rockville, Norbeck — Norbeck Rosenwald School
“County-funded elementary education for African American children did not exist until 1872. Until then, small black enclaves, like Mount Pleasant, pulled community resources to establish schools. A significant boost in financial assistance came in . . . Map (db m151280) HM
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81 Maryland, Montgomery County, Sandy Spring — Good Hope Settlement / Hill Top Elementary SchoolSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Good Hope Settlement Good Hope was one of a group of rural African American communities that was established after the civil war with the emancipation of slaves in the area. Good Hope was organized as a community from the . . . Map (db m188157) HM
82 Maryland, Montgomery County, Sandy Spring — Ross J. Boddy / Archie (Jerry) Bell / Hill Top Elementary SchoolSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Tribute to Principal Ross J. Boddy: Educator and Mentor to Thousands of Children Young Ross Boddy had his origins in Carroll County Maryland. He later attended Bowie State Teachers College where he received a Teaching Certificate . . . Map (db m188211) HM
83 Maryland, Montgomery County, Sandy Spring — The Powell-Matthews-Cook and Brooks Families in Sandy Spring / SpencervilleSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
The Powell-Matthews-Cook and Brooks Families in Sandy Spring: Focus on Lucy Matthews Cook Margaret Ann Powell, born circa 1890s is the mother of Lucy Powell Matthews and great grandmother of Lucy Matthews Cook. Gilbert Matthews [son of . . . Map (db m188277) HM
84 Maryland, Montgomery County, Silver Spring, Colesville — Smithville Colored SchoolA Julius Rosenwald School
Built in 1927, the Smithfield Colored School was one of sixteen schools for African Americans constructed in the county with financial assistance from the Julian Rosenwald Fund. The Smithville school was built near Colesville, Maryland to provide . . . Map (db m109226) HM
85 Maryland, Prince George's County, Beltsville — Abraham Hall: A Historic African American Benevolent Lodge Reported permanently removed
Abraham Hall was built in 1889 as a lodge for the Benevolent Sons and Daughters of Abraham. Chartered in 1877, this fraternal organization provided emergency financial assistance and death benefits to its members: a form of insurance not . . . Map (db m66418) HM
86 Maryland, Prince George's County, Chapel Hill — Chapel Hill
A post-Civil War African American farming community established on former plantation land. Named for the Digges family chapel. A Freedman's Bureau School established in 1868 and a meetinghouse of ca. 1880 became focal points of the community. A . . . Map (db m79942) HM
87 Maryland, Prince George's County, College Park — Family, Church and Community in Lakeland Reported damaged
A closely knit all-black community of 150 families, Lakelanders developed strong familial, community and religious structures. Clubs and organizations provided avenues for social interaction and expressions of community. Lakeland's churches . . . Map (db m115133) HM
88 Maryland, Prince George's County, College Park — Paint Branch Bridge Mural: A Path Forward
"A Path Forward," completed in August 2018, honors and celebrates Lakeland, the historical African-American community within the City of College Park. Honoring a rich past and expressing hope for a rich future, the mural is part of an ongoing . . . Map (db m215826) HM
89 Maryland, Prince George's County, College Park, Lakeland — Lakeland
Lakeland was settled in 1890. By 1903 it was an established African American community with a public school, First Baptist Church of Lakeland and Embry African Methodist Episcopal Church. Two Rosenwald schools followed, including Lakeland High . . . Map (db m237129) HM
90 Maryland, Prince George's County, District Heights — Ridgeley Rosenwald School
The Ridgeley School was opened in 1927 as Colored School No.1 in Election District 13 in the African American community known as Ridgeley*. Named for a prominent local African American family, the Ridgeley School along with a church and society . . . Map (db m91958) HM
91 Maryland, Prince George's County, Landover — Highland Park High School
Built in 1928, Highland Park was the second high school for African Americans in Prince George's County, Maryland. It was one of 23 "Rosenwald Schools" constructed in Prince George’s County with financial assistance from the Julius Rosenwald Fund, . . . Map (db m40025) HM
92 Maryland, Prince George's County, Landover — Ridgley
Farming community established after the Civil War by former slaves from local tobacco plantations. Ridgley Methodist Episcopal Church was first built in the late 1870s on land deeded to trustees Rev. Lewis Ridgley, Joseph Beal, and Richard Cook in . . . Map (db m89553) HM
93 Maryland, Prince George's County, Lanham — Lincoln
A suburb established by progressive African Americans who worked in the District of Columbia. Platted in 1908 along a stop of the WB&A Electric Railway. Developed by Lawyer Educator, Civil Servant and activist Thomas Junius Calloway. Vice President . . . Map (db m72043) HM
94 Maryland, Wicomico County, San Domingo — San Domingo School
Built in 1919 under the Rosenwald School building program, a major effort to improve public education for African Americans in the early 20th century south. First administered by Tuskegee Institute under Booker T. Washington, the program combined . . . Map (db m39834) HM
95 Maryland, Wicomico County, San Domingo — San Domingo School Community & Cultural Center
The first school at this location, built around 1875, was a single story, one-room plan frame building that served the Sharptown District for over forty years. Built in 1919 to replace the first school, this two-story, hip roofed frame structure was . . . Map (db m39835) HM
96 Mississippi, Holmes County, Goodman — Goodman School
Built in 1921 with assistance from the Rosenwald Fund and known locally as the Goodman School for Negroes, the Goodman School served African American students in the first through eighth grades in the Goodman-Pickens area. Local Black citizens . . . Map (db m219758) HM
97 Mississippi, Lafayette County, Oxford — Rosenwald School
On this site was a five-teacher, wood frame school building, ca. 1922-1936, used for rural African American education. It was one of more than 5,300 built in the South with matching funds contributed by the Julius Rosenwald Fund, black and . . . Map (db m219919) HM
98 Mississippi, Panola County, Batesville — Macedonia Rosenwald School
Constructed to educate black children during the Jim Crow era, the Macedonia Rosenwald School was the educational and cultural center of the community. The school was constructed in 1923-24 by the Webb brothers, who were local builders, and . . . Map (db m235180) HM
99 Mississippi, Pike County, Magnolia — Sherman Line Rosenwald School
The Sherman Line Rosenwald School was established in 1928 for the education of black youth in the Sherman community from Pike and Amite counties. Partial funding for the school was provided by the Julius Rosenwald Fund, while the land was . . . Map (db m201231) HM
100 Mississippi, Walthall County, Tylertown — Walthall County Training School
The Walthall County Training School had its beginning in the 1870s when Isaac Ginn began to teach the local African American children to read and write in a small, one room, split-log cabin structure. Using Rosenwald Foundation funds this structure . . . Map (db m115535) HM

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Feb. 21, 2024