“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Indiana Historical Bureau Markers

State historical markers commemorate significant individuals, organizations, places, and events in Indiana history. These markers help communities throughout the state promote, preserve, and present their history for the education and enjoyment of residents and tourists of all ages.
The Wayne Trace Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, April 6, 2010
The Wayne Trace Marker
1Indiana (Adams County), Decatur — 01.1977.1 — The Wayne Trace
General Anthony Wayne and the Legion of the United States passed this way on October 30, 1794, in route from Fort Wayne to Fort Greenville, ending the western campaign against the Indian Confederacy. The Legion spent the previous night camped 2.6 . . . Map (db m29620) HM
2Indiana (Adams County), Geneva — 01.2006.1 — Geneva Downtown Historic District
(Front Side) Adams County formed 1835. Geneva incorporation 1874 included early towns Alexander and Buffalo. During 1890s oil boom, population and businesses grew. Fire destroyed much of town 1895; Geneva Board of Trustees banned wooden . . . Map (db m63824) HM
3Indiana (Allen County), Churubusco — 02.1966.1 — Site of Hardin’s Defeat
Colonel John Hardin, of the Kentucky Militia, with 180 men and Captain John Armstrong, U.S. Army, with 30 men, were routed here on October 19, 1790, by Indians under Miami Chief Little Turtle during General Harmar's Campaign.Map (db m47459) HM
4Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — 02.1963.1 — Camp Allen 1861-64Civil War Mustering-In Camp
Colonel Hugh B. Reed served as first Commandant. Here the 30th, 44th, 74th, 88th, and 100th Indiana Regiments and the 11th Indiana Battery were organized.Map (db m65185) HM
5Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — 02.2000.1 — Fort Miamis
[Marker Front]: French built a palisaded fort on this strategic site in 1722; named Fort Saint Philippe des Miamis. One of three French forts built in what is now Indiana to protect French fur trade from encroaching English. First of five . . . Map (db m21029) HM
6Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — 02.1992.1 — Home of Philo T. Farnsworth
Home 1948-1967 of Farnsworth, inventor of television. Farnsworth (1906-1971) was instrumental in perfecting the image formation mechanism which enabled the first effective image transmission in 1927. Farnsworth Radio and Television Corporation in . . . Map (db m65186) HM
7Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — 02.1992.2 — Wabash and Erie Canal Groundbreaking
On February 22, 1832, ground was broken two blocks north for the canal, which would link Lake Erie at Toledo with the Ohio River at Evansville. Jordan Vigus, Canal Commissioner, Charles W. Ewing, Samuel Hanna, Elias Murray participated in the . . . Map (db m21045) HM
8Indiana (Allen County), New Haven — 02.2003.1 — Gronauer Lock No. 2
Wabash and Erie Canal lock was discovered here June 1991 during excavation for highway construction. It was built 1838–1840 by Henry Lotz and named for lock keeper Joseph Gronauer. The rare, well-preserved timber-frame design lock measured . . . Map (db m2498) HM
9Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — 03.2007.2 — Atterbury Army Air Field
(Front Side) Construction begun summer 1942 under Captain Stratton O. Hammon, who used broad authority over laborers, suppliers, and railroad; base in use February 1943. More than 1,000 workers employed during construction. Base was over . . . Map (db m63819) HM
10Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — 03.2000.1 — Bartholomew County Courthouse
County formed by Indiana General Assembly 1821. Thirty acres of land were purchased, and John Tipton donated thirty acres, for county seat. State commissioners named county seat Tiptona — after Tipton; local elected commissioners renamed it . . . Map (db m48105) HM
11Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — Ceraline Manufacturing Company
In late 1800’s railroads and new technology opened national markets to midwest producers, including Indiana, a leader in corn products. Joseph Gent patented operations and devices to mass-produce flaked corn. Gaff, Gent, & Thomas Co. Began making . . . Map (db m167020) HM
12Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — 03.1988.1 — Lowell Mills
From 1830 to 1880 the community of Lowell Mills thrived here along Driftwood River. There were two grist mills, a cooperage, a shoemaker's shop, a distillery, a saw mill, a woolen mill, an inn and general store. When the mills closed, the town was . . . Map (db m63794) HM
13Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — 03.2007.1 — Orinoco Furniture Company
(Front Side) Incorporated and its factory built here 1890. Reorganized 1891; William H. Lincoln then led the company to great success, stressing quality and artistic merit in fine, high-grade furniture. By 1895, production included . . . Map (db m63818) HM
14Indiana (Bartholomew County), Columbus — 03.1998.2 — Second Baptist Church
Congregation was formed in 1879; reorganization in 1882 by the Reverend John R. Miller and a core of determined members. The present building, formerly a theater, was acquired in 1913. This African-American church, like many others, has served its . . . Map (db m63815) HM
15Indiana (Bartholomew County), Elizabethtown — 03.1999.1 — Madison and Indianapolis Railroad
Mandated by Indiana's 1836 Internal Improvement Act, construction began in Madison 1836. Completed along this site 1843; Elizabethtown platted 1845 as a result of the railroad. Completed to Indianapolis in 1847. Linked Ohio River and interior of . . . Map (db m63798) HM
16Indiana (Bartholomew County), Hartsville — 03.1995.1 — Hartsville College
Original site of coeducational United Brethren school founded 1850 as Hartsville Academy by public act of Indiana General Assembly. Campus moved four blocks south, circa 1865; destroyed by fire, January 1898. Many graduates became distinguished . . . Map (db m63805) HM
17Indiana (Bartholomew County), Hartsville — 03.1992.1 — Private Barton W. Mitchell
Mitchell, Co. F, 27th Indiana Volunteers, is buried in Hartsville Baptist Cemetery. He found Confederate General Lee's "Lost" Special Orders No. 191 near Frederick, MD, September 13, 1862. Union General McClellan then engaged Lee at the Battle . . . Map (db m63806) HM
18Indiana (Benton County), Fowler — 04.1995.1 — Benton County Courthouse
Benton County formed by General Assembly in 1840. Oxford first county seat; Fowler became second, 1874. Designed in Second Empire Style by Gorden P. Randall and built 1874 by Levi L. Leach. Located at geographical center of county on land donated by . . . Map (db m21487) HM
19Indiana (Benton County), Fowler — 04.1966.1 — New Purchase Boundary(Treaty of St. Mary's)
In October 1818, Purchasing Commissioners Lewis Cass, Benjamin Parke and Governor Jonathan Jennings acquired Indian claims on the land shown on this marker. About one-third of modern Indiana, was involved in this transaction.Map (db m21517) HM
20Indiana (Benton County), Oxford — 04.1999.1 — Dan Patch
Side One Standard-bred colt (sire Joe Patchen, dam Zelica) foaled 1896 Oxford, Benton County; raised by Daniel A. Messner, Jr. on this farm. A natural pacer, trained for harness racing, a very popular sport in late 1800's and early 1900's. . . . Map (db m8546) HM
21Indiana (Blackford County), Hartford City — 05.1994.1 — Blackford County Courthouse
Blackford County's second courthouse, featuring a 165 foot high clock tower, was built on foundation stones from nearby Montpelier quarries. At a cost of $129,337.83, this Richardsonian Romanesque structure was constructed 1893-1895. Listed in . . . Map (db m41465) HM
22Indiana (Blackford County), Montpelier — 05.1989.1 — Godfroy Reserve
Reserved by U.S. to Chief Francois Godfroy of the Miami National of Indians by treaty at St. Mary's, Ohio, 6 October 1818, 3,840 acres on Salamonie River at La Petite Prairie, Harrison Township, Blackford County; reserve lands sold 1827, 1836.Map (db m63825) HM
23Indiana (Boone County), Jamestown — 06.2020.1 — Herman B. Wells
Prominent educator and statesman Herman B. Wells was born in Jamestown, Indiana. During the Great Depression, he directed research for the Indiana Bank Commission, producing state banking reforms. In 1938, Wells was elected President of Indiana . . . Map (db m175678) HM
24Indiana (Boone County), Lebanon — 06.2018.1 — Samuel M. Ralston
A progressive politician and lifelong Democrat, Ralston met the challenges posed by Indiana’s transition to a more urban and industrial state. Born 1857 in Ohio, he opened a law office in 1886 in Lebanon, where he lived until elected governor in . . . Map (db m175673) HM
25Indiana (Boone County), Mechanicsburg — 06.1985.1 — Boone County REMC
The Boone County REMC built Indiana's first electric cooperative line to the Clark Woody farm 5 miles west of this site with funds borrowed from the Rural Electrification Administration, July 22, 1935.Map (db m27673) HM
26Indiana (Boone County), Thorntown — 06.1961.1 — Indian CemeteryEel River Tribe of Miamis
Ka-wi-a-ki-un-gi Village "Place of Thorns" (Thorntown) was center of 64,000 acre Thorntown Indian Reserve. Granted to Eel River Miamis in 1818, ceded to U.S. in 1828.Map (db m21352) HM
27Indiana (Boone County), Zionsville — 06.1966.2 — Michigan Road
With proceeds from the sale of 170,580 acres of Indian land granted by the Federal Government, Indiana built its first north-south road. Surveyed 1829, passable by 1834, "completed" in 1837, its cost was $242,000.00.Map (db m67191) HM
28Indiana (Boone County), Zionsville — 06.1962.1 — Patrick H. Sullivan1794 - 1879
Patrick H. Sullivan, 1794-1879, was the first white settler in Boone County, 1823, and built the first log cabin. In 1857, he bought this site and lived here until 1872. He served in the War of 1812.Map (db m67190) HM
29Indiana (Brown County), Belmont — 07.1992.1 — T. C. Steele Home and Studio
Theodore Clement Steele (1847-1926) lived and painted south of here, 1907-1926. Member of Hoosier Group of American impressionists, his landscape paintings captured picturesque panoramas characteristic of area. Property is State Historic Site; . . . Map (db m48106) HM
30Indiana (Carroll County), Delphi — 08.1966.1 — New Purchase Boundary(Treaty of St. Mary’s)
In October 1818, Purchasing Commissioners Lewis Cass, Benjamin Parke and Governor Johnathan Jennings acquired Indian claims on the land shown on this marker. About one-third of modern Indiana was involved in this transaction.Map (db m1152) HM
31Indiana (Carroll County), Delphi — Wabash And Erie Canal
Constructed 1832-1853, canal was nation's longest, connecting Lake Erie at Toledo with Ohio River at Evansville. Key portion in Carroll County included Deer Creek Lake Dam, constructed 1838-1840 (1 mile west). Various canal structures . . . Map (db m163353) HM
32Indiana (Carroll County), Delphi — 08.1992.1 — Wabash and Erie Canal
Constructed 1832-1853, canal was nation's longest, connecting Lake Erie at Toledo with Ohio River at Evansville. Key portion in Carroll County included Deer Creek Lake Dam, constructed 1838-1840 (1 mile west). Various canal structures are still in . . . Map (db m7540) HM
33Indiana (Carroll County), Wheeling — 08.1963.1 — Sycamore Row
This row of sycamores sprouted from freshly cut logs used in the 1830's to corduroy a swampy section of the historic Michigan Road, the first state road in Indiana, running from Madison to Michigan City.Map (db m42664) HM
34Indiana (Cass County), Logansport — 09.1966.1 — Wabash & Erie Canal
Trade and emigration route from Lake Erie to Evansville. Completed through Logansport 1840. Followed Erie Avenue and 5th Street, crossing Eel River by wooden aqueduct. Abandoned about 1876.Map (db m35409) HM
35Indiana (Clark County), Borden — 10.1995.1 — Borden Institute Site
Coeducational school founded 1884 by William W. Borden primarily to serve children of southern Indiana farmers. Low-cost, progressive program included teacher preparation and laboratory-based scientific studies. School closed 1906. Borden also . . . Map (db m74115) HM
36Indiana (Clark County), Henryville — 10.1987.1 — Birthplace and Childhood Home of Col. Harland Sanders
Founder of Kentucky Fried Chicken Erected 1987 by these Local Franchisees: Mr. & Mrs. Robert Bagshaw Mr. & Mrs. William Bridges Mr. & Mrs. William Bright Mr. & Mrs. Roy Burchel Mr. & Mrs. Lee Cummings Mr. & Mrs. Ralph . . . Map (db m55017) HM
37Indiana (Clark County), Jeffersonville — 10.1962.1 — Civil War Hospital
Site of Jefferson General Hospital, the third largest hospital in the United States during the Civil War. Under Dr. Middleton Goldsmith's command it served over 16, 000 patients.Map (db m46647) HM
38Indiana (Clark County), Jeffersonville — 10.2008.01 — Hannah Toliver
Side A Emancipation Proclamation (1863) did not free slaves in Kentucky. In April 1864, Hannah Toliver, a free black woman living in Jeffersonville, was arrested for aiding a fugitive slave from Kentucky. In May, she was convicted and . . . Map (db m100710) HM
39Indiana (Clay County), Brazil — 11.2001.1 — Clay County (Indiana) Courthouse
County formed by Indiana General Assembly 1825; named for national statesman Henry Clay. First county seat at Bowling Green; had three courthouses: first built 1827 was two-story log structure; second and third built 1839-1840 and 1852-1853 were . . . Map (db m18883) HM
40Indiana (Daviess County), Elnora — 14.2007.1 — Wabash and Erie Canal
A canal from Terre Haute to Evansville authorized 1846. Maysville Division along White River was over 23 miles long from Newberry through Owl Prairie (now Elnora) to Maysville; part of it paralleled what is now S.R. 57. Contracts were let June . . . Map (db m23203) HM
41Indiana (Daviess County), Odon — 14.1991.1 — Odon, Formerly Clarksburg
Platted in 1846 by John Hastings; town named Clarksburg reportedly after George Rogers Clark; post office name was Clark’s Prairie, 1858-1881. Both names changed to Odon, 1881; Odon incorporated, 1885. By tradition, name Odon coined by combining . . . Map (db m99006) HM
42Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1992.1 — Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railroad Depot
Mission Revival Style depot, built 1906, restored 1990; part of Washington Commercial Historic District. Link to city's trading and industrial history, with substantial railroad machine shops and car works. Indiana stop of former President Dwight D. . . . Map (db m23214) HM
43Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1999.1 — Fort Flora
Built on this site by civilians to protect approximately ten families during War of 1812. Named for landowner David Flora. Ten such forts were built circa 1811-1813 in area that became Daviess County. Area was Knox County, part of Indiana Territory . . . Map (db m23211) HM
44Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1999.2 — Homer E. Capehart / GOP Cornfield Conference
Side A Homer E. Capehart Born into Indiana farming family 1897. Manufactured and pioneered sales of automatic phonographs, creating Capehart Corporation. Executive of Rudolph Wurlitzer Company 1933-1944. Organized 1938 Republican . . . Map (db m23206) HM
45Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1989.1 — Mimi's House[Robert C. Graham]
Residence of Robert C. Graham (1885-1967), pioneer glass, truck and auto manufacturer. Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1983 by the U.S. Department of the Interior because of its history and Prairie Style architecture.Map (db m23208) HM
46Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1989.2 — Robert C. Graham
Robert Cabel Graham (1885-1967), a native of Washington, Daviess County, with his brothers Joseph and Ray, contributed much to the economy and quality of life in that city, Evansville, and other towns. Glass factories, truck manufacturing, and . . . Map (db m98936) HM
47Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1966.1 — Vincennes Donation Lands
In 1788 Congress granted 400 acres of land to each French family of this area. The tract was laid off in a square containing 160 separate plots. Additional grants were made affecting the five counties shown.Map (db m98935) HM
48Indiana (Dearborn County), West Harrison — 15.1999.1 — Canal Junction
(Front Side) The Whitewater Canal and the Cincinnati and Whitewater Canal joined in Harrison to provide better access to Cincinnati markets and Ohio River. Indiana Internal Improvement Act 1836 authorized Whitewater Canal; completed from . . . Map (db m66869) HM
49Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.2001.1 — Civil War General John T. Wilder
Side one Wilder (1830-1917), resident of Greensburg circa 1858-1869, built this home 1865-1866. He was millwright and inventor; provided major employment in the area. Enlisted in Civil War; appointed lieutenant colonel of Seventeenth . . . Map (db m44744) HM
50Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.1980.1 — Decatur County Court House
Site of the original court house built in 1827 and occupied until 1854. Present building completed in 1860. Large tooth aspen tree appeared in 1870 on the roof of the 115 foot clock tower. In July, 1863, it became a temporary armory while troops . . . Map (db m44757) HM
51Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.2007.1 — Donnell -V.- State, 1852
Side one: Luther Donnell was convicted in Decatur Circuit Court (1849) of aiding fugitive slaves, Caroline and her four children, to escape to Canada. In Donnell v. State, Indiana Supreme Court reversed the conviction, claiming that under . . . Map (db m44752) HM
52Indiana (Decatur County), Greensburg — 16.2008.1 — Escape of Caroline, 1847
Caroline and her four children escaped Kentucky slave owner October 31, 1847; they crossed Ohio River near Madison. After passing near here, Fugit Township black and white residents hid family close to Clarksburg. While hidden, family seized . . . Map (db m44743) HM
53Indiana (DeKalb County), Auburn — 17.1992.1 — Auburn Automobile Company
Auburn Automobile Company (1900-1937) Art Deco Style Administration building, built 1929-1930. Housed departments of Cord Corporation, manufacturer of Auburn, Cord, and Duesenberg automobiles. Became Auburn-Cord-Duesenberg Museum, 1974; listed in . . . Map (db m53934) HM
54Indiana (DeKalb County), Auburn — William Jacob Cuppy1884-1949
Humorist, author, and critic Will Cuppy was born here. He graduated from the University of Chicago, where he published his first book in 1910. He moved to New York City ca. 1914 and become a book reviewer at the New York Herald . . . Map (db m139895) HM
55Indiana (DeKalb County), Garrett — John Bowersox (Bowers)ca. 1884 - 1936
Stage performer and silent film actor John Bowersox grew up along Cowen Street. He performed in amateur plays in Huntington and in 1904 joined a professional touring company. Adopting the stage name Bowers, he debuted on Broadway in 1912 and . . . Map (db m182511) HM
56Indiana (DeKalb County), Spencerville — 17.1996.1 — Spencerville Covered Bridge
Built 1873, by John A. McKay, spanning Saint Joseph River; a Smith Truss, Variant Four, by Smith Bridge Company, Toledo, Ohio; has remained in use with regular maintenance, repairs, and extensive 1981 restoration. Listed in National Register of . . . Map (db m52971) HM
57Indiana (Delaware County), Eaton — 18.1981.1 — First Indiana Gas Well
The first significant commercial gas well came in Sept. 15, 1886, near here south of the Mississinewa River and East of the railroad, ushering in the gas boom era. Almeron H. Crannell, a Civil War veteran and later resident of Hartford City, drilled . . . Map (db m63797) HM
58Indiana (Delaware County), Gaston — 18.1996.2 — Slickville Tile Works
Site of production mill and three beehive kilns, first fueled by wood and then by natural gas, circa 1883-1910, owned & operated by Manassa Myers, Sr. family. Produced drainage tiles (hollow cylinder-shaped sections) from adjacent clay pit for local . . . Map (db m63796) HM
59Indiana (Delaware County), Muncie — 18.2008.1 — Ball Brothers Glass Manufacturing Company
Company incorporated in New York 1886 to manufacture glassware (particularly fruit jars). Brothers Edmund, Frank, George, William, and Lucius Ball all were trustees. Company - promised money, land, and free natural gas - came to Muncie; first . . . Map (db m31345) HM
60Indiana (Delaware County), Muncie — 18.2011.1 — Hemingray Glass Company
Side A Founded as Gray & Hemingray in Cincinnati, Ohio in 1848. Incorporated 1870 in Covington, Kentucky; company produced glass bottles, jars, oil lamps, light globes, tableware and insulators. After discovery of natural gas in . . . Map (db m65208) HM
61Indiana (Delaware County), Muncie — 18.1996.1 — Shaffer Chapel African Methodist Episcopal Church
Structure, circa 1893, is Muncie's oldest standing public school building. Purchased by church congregation, circa 1928. Rallying point in August 1930 when bodies of two African-American men, lynched in Marion, were brought to Muncie for embalmment . . . Map (db m31346) HM
62Indiana (Dubois County), Jasper — State Police Jasper Post
[side 1] Increased crime during the Great Depression demanded an expanded police presence and faster communication technology. In response, the Motor Vehicle Police (established in 1921) was reorganized as the Indiana State Police in 1933. . . . Map (db m180287) HM
63Indiana (Elkhart County), Bristol — 20.2007.1 — Graves et al v. Indiana
Side One: In 1847, three Kentucky men tried to capture Thomas Harris, fugitive slave in Bristol; a justice of the peace ruling freed Harris, who fled. In 1848, the Elkhart Circuit Court convicted the three men of causing a riot in 1847. In . . . Map (db m30744) HM
64Indiana (Elkhart County), Elkhart — 20.1998.2 — Ambrose G. Bierce
Born in Ohio 1842; family moved to Kosciusko County, Indiana 1846. Bierce lived and worked in Elkhart 1860-1861. Union officer wounded in Civil War. Moved to California 1866; became nationally prominent as journalist, short story writer, and critic. . . . Map (db m44852) HM
65Indiana (Elkhart County), Elkhart — 20.2006.1 — C.G. Conn Company
Side One: Charles Gerard Conn began the musical instrument industry in Elkhart; city has been called the Band Industry Capital of the World. By 1874 producing rubber mouthpiece; was granted patent 1875; began producing musical . . . Map (db m30747) HM
66Indiana (Elkhart County), Elkhart — 20.2009.1 — Charles Gordone
Born in Ohio, 1925, Gordone grew up in Elkhart and graduated from Elkhart High School in 1944. In the 1950s, he moved to New York City where he worked as an actor, director, and playwright. During the 1960s, he acted in the award-winning . . . Map (db m32734) HM
67Indiana (Elkhart County), Elkhart — 20.2007.2 — Dr. Franklin L. Miles
Side one: Born circa 1845 in Ohio. Graduated from Rush Medical College 1874. Moved medical practice from Chicago to Elkhart 1875. Began The Dr. Miles Medical Company 1885 to sell Dr. Miles' Nervine, Restorative Nerve and Liver pills, and . . . Map (db m44877) HM
68Indiana (Elkhart County), Elkhart — 20.2006.2 — E. Hill Turnock
(Side one): Added many buildings to the architectural significance of Elkhart, Goshen, and Nappanee. Born mid-1850s in England; his family moved to Elkhart early 1870s. In mid-1880s he moved to Chicago; worked until 1890 with architect . . . Map (db m32728) HM
69Indiana (Elkhart County), Goshen — 20.1997.1 — A. E. Kunderd Gladiolus Farm
Amos E. Kunderd (1866 - 1965) owned and resided on a 100-acre farm on this site. Respected internationally for hybridization of varieties of gladioli which were exhibited, and grown in gardens, throughout the world. Originated the ruffled and . . . Map (db m30161) HM
70Indiana (Elkhart County), Goshen — 20.2001.2 — Elkhart County Courthouse
Elkhart County was formed by the Indiana General Assembly 1830; the first county seat was located in Concord Township. County commissioners relocated the county seat to Goshen 1831. Jacob Studebaker, Goshen, designed first brick courthouse, . . . Map (db m30157) HM
71Indiana (Elkhart County), Goshen — 20.2003.1 — Goshen’s Carnegie Library
Indiana's first Carnegie library opened here 1903 with 3, 000 volumes. Goshen Library Association received $25, 000 in Carnegie grants 1901. Public donations, land purchase, and tax levy met Carnegie grant conditions. Architects Patton & Miller, . . . Map (db m32724) HM
72Indiana (Elkhart County), Goshen — 20.1998.1 — Howard W. Hawks
Born 1896 in house on this site into locally prominent family. Moved with parents to Neenah, Wisconsin 1899 and to Pasadena, California 1906. Hawks - director, producer, screenwriter - is recognized as one of Hollywood's greatest filmmakers. His . . . Map (db m30407) HM
73Indiana (Elkhart County), Goshen — 20.1966.1 — Indiana Territory Line
The boundary between Indiana and Michigan territories was established in 1805. Just before Indiana became a state in 1816, the line was moved ten miles north to give Indiana frontage on Lake Michigan.Map (db m44849) HM
74Indiana (Elkhart County), Middlebury — 20.2001.1 — Krider Nurseries World's Fair Garden
Side One: Krider Nurseries constructed and exhibited Krider's Diversified Garden at Century of Progress International Exposition in Chicago 1933-1934. Some plants and structures were returned to Middlebury, and garden was reconstructed . . . Map (db m30745) HM
75Indiana (Elkhart County), Nappanee — 20.2005.1 — Nappanee Cartoonists
(Side one): Merrill Blosser was first Nappanee artist to gain national recognition as a professional cartoonist. Freckles and His Friends, his most popular cartoon, ran from 1915 to 1973, syndicated by Newspaper Enterprise Association. In . . . Map (db m31478) HM
76Indiana (Elkhart County), Nappanee — 20.2005.2 — Nappanee Furniture
Side one: Nappanee platted 1874 on Baltimore & Ohio Railroad line. Sawmill opened 1873 produced ties for railroad construction. Coppes and Mutschler brothers were partners in lumber, milling, and furniture business, 1902-1913, becoming . . . Map (db m62666) HM
77Indiana (Fayette County), Connersville — 21.1966.1 — The Whitewater Canal
In 1836 construction began on this fifty-six lock, one hundred one mile canal. Opened from Lawrenceburg to Brookville (1839), it was extended to Laurel and Cincinnati (1843), Connersville (1845), Cambridge City (1846), and Hagerstown (1847).Map (db m44741) HM
78Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2004.1 — A Gateway to Freedom
As early as 1821, enslaved blacks seeking freedom crossed the Ohio River from Louisville to New Albany. Antebellum and Civil War periods brought more fugitives. Many freedom-seekers were aided by other slaves, free blacks, and anti-slavery whites -- . . . Map (db m30841) HM
79Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1999.1 — Buffalo Trace Route
American Bison, migrating in great herds, created a cluster of paths along the natural topography between Illinois prairies and salt licks in Kentucky. These paths, called the Buffalo Trace, used by Native Americans and became premier travel route . . . Map (db m71282) HM
80Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1996.2 — Culbertson Mansion
French Second Empire Style structure. Construction began 1867 for William Stewart Culbertson (1814-1892), leading industrialist, financier, and philanthropist in New Albany area. Listed in National Register of Historic Places, 1974; accepted as . . . Map (db m180500) HM
81Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2003.1 — Culbertson Widows' Home
[side 1] William S. Culbertson, wealthy merchant, opened home November 18, 1873 to provide food, clothing, and shelter for town's destitute widows. Home had gas lighting, upstairs water closet, and up-to-date kitchen. Residents' lives were . . . Map (db m180503) HM
82Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2005.1 — Division Street School
Side 'One' Because of the growing number of African-American school-age children, the New Albany School Board authorized a new elementary school for them June 1884. It opened here 1885. An 1869 Indiana law had mandated education of colored . . . Map (db m46620) HM
83Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2011.1 — Lucy Higgs Nichols
Lucy, born a slave April 10, 1838, was owned by the Higgs family that by 1850 lived near Bolivar, Tennessee. She gained her freedom in 1862 by escaping to the 23rd Regiment, Indiana Volunteers camped nearby. She worked as a nurse for the soldiers . . . Map (db m46622) HM
84Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2012.1 — Mob Violence, 1862
[side 1] In summer 1862, national newspapers reported violence against blacks in Toledo, Cincinnati, Chicago, and New Albany, where on July 21, a fight between black and white men sparked two days of attacks by white mobs on blacks and their . . . Map (db m180404) HM
85Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1992.2 — New Albany
Founded 1813 along Ohio River by Joel, Nathaniel, and Abner Scribner. During 1840s and 1850s, New Albany was largest city and leading commercial and industrial center in Indiana. Industries included shipbuilding; glass and ironworks; hosiery, . . . Map (db m180492) HM
86Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2004.2 — New Albany Downtown Historic District
[side 1] New Albany lots were advertised for sale 1813. It was designated county seat 1819, incorporated as town 1836, then as city 1839. Area within the district was part of early plat of New Albany. District boundaries are roughly West 1st . . . Map (db m180493) HM
87Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.2005.3 — New Albany's Carnegie Library
Side 'One' New Albany School Board organized a public library on May 8, 1884. This library building, supported with funds from Andrew Carnegie, opened on March 2, 1904 with 11, 125 volumes. Building is Neoclassical style, constructed of brick . . . Map (db m46768) HM
88Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1998.1 — Scribner High School
In 1880, an 1822 school building on this site became Scribner High School for African-American students, under an 1869 Indiana law mandating public education for African-American children and allowing segregated schools. Modern facility completed . . . Map (db m46624) HM
89Indiana (Floyd County), New Albany — 22.1996.1 — State Bank of Indiana
Second state bank was established in 1834 by General Assembly with ten branch banks; one of the most successful banks at the time in U.S. This Greek Revival Style structure, built 1837, housed New Albany branch, serving Floyd, Harrison, Washington, . . . Map (db m180504) HM
90Indiana (Fountain County), Attica — 23.1997.1 — Attica & Covington Canal Skirmish
In fall 1846, residents of Covington and Attica skirmished at Lock 35 over lack of water to Covington. Heavy rains eventually resolved the problem. Competition among canal towns over water control was often intense. First boat reached Attica 1846 . . . Map (db m3284) HM
91Indiana (Fountain County), Attica — 23.2005.1 — Attica’s Carnegie Library
Ladies Library Association of Attica, created 1885, deeded its library building to city; city library opened 1902 with a collection of 1,500 books. Funds from Andrew Carnegie made it possible to build a new library here on land originally owned . . . Map (db m3317) HM
92Indiana (Fountain County), Attica — 23.2003.1 — Ravine Park
American Indians frequented this area, rich in natural resources. The ravine provided water from natural springs, marl for lime, and clay for bricks for nineteenth-century residents of Attica, platted 1825. City became owner of ravine 1906 when . . . Map (db m3311) HM
93Indiana (Fountain County), Covington — 23.1970.2 — Esther Test Wallace1807–1834
The 1st wife of Governor David Wallace and Mother of General Lew Wallace, soldier, author of Ben Hur, statesman & diplomat, is here buried. She influenced the lives of two important Hoosiers.Map (db m3382) HM
94Indiana (Fountain County), Veedersburg — 23.1970.1 — Boyhood Home of Daniel W. Voorhees“Tall Sycamore of the Wabash” — 1827-1897 —
Famous orator - Representative in Congress, 1861-66, 1869-73; U.S. Senator, 1877–1897; chief promoter of the building of the Library of Congress.Map (db m3232) HM
95Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.1992.1 — Brookville Historic District
Platted 1808 along Whitewater River, Brookville was an important entry point to interior lands opened to settlement. The district's concentration of well-preserved buildings reflects the city's continued prosperity. Brookville Historic District . . . Map (db m44697) HM
96Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.1966.1 — Brookville, Franklin County — ( Platted 1808 ) —
. . . Map (db m44695) HM
97Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.1995.2 — Brookville's Carnegie Library
Dedicated in 1912, starting with approximately 600 books; collections and services have expanded to meet needs of local patrons. One of 1, 679 libraries built in U.S. with funds from philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. Indiana built more Carnegie . . . Map (db m44694) HM
98Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.2002.1 — Brookville's Grandstand
Side one This grandstand built 1922 to seat 1, 000 and serve fans of new Brookville semi-pro team. Twenty box seats included to help pay for construction. Central platform included for community activities. Facility later used for youth . . . Map (db m44693) HM
99Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.1995.3 — Intersection of Treaty Lines
One mile south is intersection of western boundary line of Treaty of Greenville, Ohio (1795) and Treaty of Grouseland, near Vincennes (1805), northeastern boundary line. By these treaties, Native American tribes ceded land to the United States . . . Map (db m66866) HM
100Indiana (Franklin County), Brookville — 24.1949.1 — Little Cedar Grove Baptist Church
Built in 1812, this is the oldest church building still on its original location in the state. Interior shows rifle openings in walls, a balcony and raised pulpit. Burial plot adjoins church.Map (db m44920) HM

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May. 24, 2022