“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Quakerism Historical Markers

This series is on the history of Quakers (The Religious Society of Friends), including notable Meeting Houses, burial grounds, individuals, settlements and schools. This series is not about things named after Quakers but are not related to Quakerism, such as Quaker State Oil or Quaker Oats.
Averyville Marker image, Touch for more information
By Karen Emerson-McPeak, September 26, 2017
Averyville Marker
1Alabama (Jackson County), Stevenson — Averyville
During the Reconstruction Period following the Civil War, a freedmen’s community was established in this area called Averyville, named for the Pennsylvania minister and successful businessman Charles Avery, a longtime and faithful champion of Negro . . . Map (db m108803) HM
2Alabama (Limestone County), Capshaw — Nicholas Davis
Born April 23, 1781 in Hanover Co. Virginia, married there to Martha Hargrave of a wealthy Quaker family. He served as U.S. Marshall and in other positions. Moved to Kentucky in 1808. Was a Captain in the War of 1812 and became a political and . . . Map (db m29284) HM
3Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Answering a Call for Help
Disease, death, the practice of separating slave families—all left children with no one to care for them. Scores of orphaned black children in Civil War Helena suffered from neglect and exposure. General Napoleon Buford asked for help. In . . . Map (db m107999) HM
4Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-41 — Camden
Founded 1783 on the tract “Brecknock” by Daniel Mifflin and settled largely by Quakers. Once called Piccadilly and Mifflins Cross Roads. Incorporated 1852, it was a center of anti-slavery sentiment. Several homes were by tradition stops . . . Map (db m168332) HM
5Delaware (Kent County), Camden — KC-73 — Camden Friends MeetingBurial Place of John Hunn
This house of worship, built in 1805, was first a Preparative Meeting under the care of Motherkiln (Murderkill) Monthly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers). In 1830, Camden Monthly Meeting was formed by uniting with Motherkiln and . . . Map (db m39513) HM
6Delaware (Kent County), Camden — John Hunn1814 - 1894 — Quaker Abolitionist —
Chief engineer of the Underground Rail Road in the State of Del. and the richest man in Del. He was convicted and fined in 1846 by the U.S. Dist. Court, later he was fined twice for $10,000.00 each by Del. but was advised the fines wouldn't be . . . Map (db m39514) HM
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7Delaware (Kent County), Camden — K-50 — Star Hill A.M.E. Church
By the end of the 18th century this area was home to a large number of African Americans, many of them freed slaves. Their settlement was largely due to the efforts of local Quakers. A congregation of the African Methodist Episcopal Church was . . . Map (db m39605) HM
8Delaware (Kent County), Magnolia — KC-90 — Murderkill / Motherkiln Friends Meeting
Quakers were gathering for worship in this area by 1712, when members of the Religious Society of Friends met "at the widow Needham's at Murderkill Creek." Established as Motherkiln Preparative Meeting (under the care of Duck Creek Meeting), the . . . Map (db m39459) HM
9Delaware (Kent County), Magnolia — KC-91 — Warner Mifflin1745 - 1798
A native of Virginia's Eastern Shore, Mifflin came to Delaware as a young man. Born into a slaveholding Quaker family, he manumitted his own slaves in 1774-75 and later became one of America's foremost abolitionists of the 18th century. As an elder . . . Map (db m39456) HM
10Delaware (Kent County), Smyrna — Site of the Duck Creek Society of Friends
The first religious organization to hold services in Duck Creek Hundred - 1705. Property transferred to Duck Creek Historical Society - 1962. Michael Desmond, Jr's Eagle Scout Restoration Project - 2002.Map (db m39711) HM
11Delaware (New Castle County), Hockessin — NC-198 — Hockessin Friends Meetinghouse
The Hockessin Friends Meeting has operated with an active membership and regular services, known as Meetings for Worship, since its founding. The Meeting is part of the larger Philadelphia Yearly Meeting faith community. The expansion of the . . . Map (db m92144) HM
12Delaware (New Castle County), Newport — NC-96 — Ashley Mansion
Ashton Richardson built Ashley Mansion in 1804 on land he inherited from his father. A prominent Quaker, Ashton Richardson owned several milling operations and was considered one of the most eligible bachelors in the area. After marrying in 1807, . . . Map (db m196413) HM
13Delaware (New Castle County), Odessa — NC-90 — Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House
Believed to be one of the smallest Quaker Meeting Houses in the nation, the Appoquinimink Friends Meeting House was built in 1785 by David Wilson and presented to the Friends as a gift. Local tradition identifies this structure as a stop on the . . . Map (db m10308) HM
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14Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-76 — Meeting House 1816Religious Society of Friends
Grew from New-Wark Meeting established 1682. Present house is third in this vicinity. Friends School begun here in 1748 has operated continuously. Among 3,000 buried in yard are founders of Wilmington, John Dickinson, "Penman of the Revolution," and . . . Map (db m10943) HM
15Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-150 — Old Town Hall
The construction of Town Hall began in 1798. Completed the following year, this was the first structure in Wilmington built for government use. It was designed by a building committee which followed the Borough Council’s request that the structure . . . Map (db m165578) HM
16Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — The Underground RailroadRiverfront Wilmington
"I write to let thee know that Harriet Tubman is again in these parts…" Thomas Garrett to William Still, December 1, 1860
The Underground Railroad was a network of people—whites, free . . . Map (db m168336) HM
17Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-88 — Thomas GarrettStationmaster on the Underground Railroad
Born August 21, 1789, in Upper Darby, Pennsylvania, Garrett came to Wilmington in 1822. A prominent merchant, his home and business were located nearby on Shipley Street. Garrett was committed to the anti-slavery efforts of his Quaker faith. He is . . . Map (db m67356) HM
18Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-125 — Wilmington Friends MeetingBurial Place of Thomas Garrett
The first Meeting House on this site was built in 1738. It was replaced in 1748 when a larger building was constructed. The old Meeting House was then converted into a school. Known as Wilmington Friends School, it was relocated to a new facility in . . . Map (db m10941) HM
19Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — NC-102 — Wilmington Friends School
The oldest existing school in Delaware, Wilmington Friends was founded in 1748. It resided in the first meeting house of the Wilmington Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) at Fourth and West Streets, which had been built ten years . . . Map (db m140064) HM
20Delaware (New Castle County), Wilmington — Wilmington Historic Trail
This Historic Trail links the historical, social, and cultural patterns of development in Wilmington. The commercial and residential structures along this trail recreate the vitality and historic importance of 17th and 18th-century . . . Map (db m130469) HM
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21District of Columbia (Washington), Adams Morgan — Archaeology in Adams MorganSurveying the Cemeteries in Walter Pierce Park, 2005-2013
In 2013, Howard University archaeologists, working with concerned citizens, completed a seven-year survey of Walter C. Pierce Community Park. Their goal: to identify and protect two 19th Century cemeteries--the Colored Union Benevolent . . . Map (db m112588) HM
22District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — Peirce Still HouseNational Register of Historic Places
The Peirce Still House, built between 1796 and 1811, was part of a large plantation owned by Isaac Peirce, a Quaker from Pennsylvania and slave owner, who purchased the property in 1795. Much of the Peirce Estate became part of Rock Creek Park when . . . Map (db m82098) HM
23District of Columbia (Washington), Cleveland Park — The Highlands
The Highlands Built 1817 - 1827 Placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1972.Map (db m120511) HM
24District of Columbia (Washington), U Street Corridor — "Sometimes I Feel Like A Motherless Child"
Paul Leroy Robeson (April 9, 1898 - January 23, 1976) was the son of William Drew Robeson a runaway slave and Maria Louisa Bustill, daughter of a prominent Philadelphia Quaker family. Maria died tragically in a fire when Paul was six years old. . . . Map (db m112942) HM
25Florida (Alachua County), Micanopy — F-75 — William Bartram(1739-1823)
The great Quaker naturalist of Philadelphia made a long journey through the southeastern states in the 1770's collecting botanical specimens. In May, 1774, he visited the Seminole Chief, Cowkeeper, at the Indian village of Cuscowilla located near . . . Map (db m146839) HM
26Florida (Martin County), Hobe Sound — F-57 — Jonathan Dickinson Shipwreck
Three miles to the east on September 23, 1696, the British barkentine Reformation foundered off Jupiter Island. The 24 survivors included a party of Quakers bound from Jamaica to Pennsylvania. Leader of the Quakers was Jonathan Dickinson who . . . Map (db m14311) HM
27Georgia (Burke County), Sardis — 017-1 — Old Quaker Road
This highway has been following closely the course of the Old Quaker Road, one of Georgia's earliest vehicular thoroughfares. It was opened about 1769 to link Savannah, the colonial capital, with a Quaker settlement centering around Wrightsboro in . . . Map (db m7992) HM
28Georgia (Burke County), Waynesboro — 017-2 — Old Quaker Road
The highway bearing left is the Old Quaker road, on of Georgia's earliest vehicular highways. It was opened about 1769 to provide a direct way from Savannah to a Quaker settlement centering around Wrightsboro in today's upper McDuffie County. . . . Map (db m8022) HM
29Georgia (Columbia County), Appling — 036-4 — Columbia County
Columbia County, named for Christopher Columbus, was created by Act of Dec. 10, 1790 from Richmond County. Originally, it contained parts of McDuffie and Warren Counties. Settled by Quakers before the Revolution, it has been the home of many . . . Map (db m27049) HM
30Georgia (Jefferson County), Wrens — 081-5 — Old Quaker Road
The highway crossing here is the Old Quaker Road, one of Georgia’s earliest vehicular thoroughfares. It was opened about 1769 to provide a direct way from Savannah, the Colonial capital, to a Quaker settlement centering around Wrightsboro in today’s . . . Map (db m15899) HM
31Georgia (McDuffie County), Thomson — 094-5 — Wrightsboro
On this site in 1754, Edmund Grey, a pretending Quaker, founded the town of Brandon, named for one of its leaders. In Dec. 1768, Joseph Mattock and Jonathan Sell, Quakers, obtained a grant of 40,000 acres from the Royal Governor, Sir James Wright, . . . Map (db m42657) HM
32Georgia (McDuffie County), Thomson — Wrightsboro Friends Meeting House
1799 House of Worship for All Denominations 1810 Wrightsboro Church Constructed 1837 Methodist Episcopal Church South 1939 Methodist Church 1966 Property to McDuffie County Commission 1967 Wrightsboro . . . Map (db m110717) HM
33Illinois (Saline County), Harrisburg — Cain Church
Society of Friends (Quakers) built the Cain Church in 1871 as their meetinghouse and has since been used by several denominations. It was originally located southwest of Harrisburg in Section 20.Map (db m146832) HM
34Indiana (Allen County), Fort Wayne — Meshekinnoquah(Chief Little Turtle)
Chief Little Turtle was one of the most feared and respected leaders during the frontier wars of the 1780s and 1790s when Fort Wayne was born. Known to his people as Meshekinnoquah, Little Turtle is thought to have been born in 1752 in a village . . . Map (db m21503) HM
35Indiana (Fountain County), Stone Bluff — Progressive Friends Church MemorialDedicated October 8, 1864
. . . Map (db m163021) HM
36Indiana (Hamilton County), Atlanta — 29.2016.1 — Roberts Settlement
Free people of color left the South starting in the 1820s as threats to freedom and property escalated with slavery expansion. In 1835, Hansel and Elijah Roberts and Micajah Walden of North Carolina bought land in Hamilton County near anti-slavery . . . Map (db m98840) HM
37Indiana (Hendricks County), Plainfield — 32.1972.1 — Western Yearly Meeting House
has been the site of annual meeting of Religious Society of Friends since 1858. The Depository was erected to house Quaker records, 1873. Friends Central Academy served as secondary school, 1881-1919.Map (db m69404) HM
38Indiana (Jay County), Pennville — 38.1972.1 — West Grove
Early Quaker settlement established 1836; center of Underground Railroad activity. Meeting house erected here, 1840, on land donated by Enos and Margaret Lewis; used by Congregational Friends, by Spiritualist society, as school, community hall; . . . Map (db m66818) HM
39Indiana (LaPorte County), La Porte — Quaker Cemetery
Near here settled pioneer Quakers, including the Aaron Stanton Family. In 1836 William Bond agreed to convey the Society of Friends three acres of land for a meeting house lot and burial ground. Bond died in 1837 and in 1841 the La Porte Circuit . . . Map (db m77105) HM
40Indiana (Marion County), Indianapolis — Susan B. Anthony(February 15, 1820 - March 13, 1906)
The second of seven children of a Quaker cotton manufacturer and abolitionist, Susan Brownell Anthony learned to read and write at just 3 years old. Her father structured her upbringing around self-discipline, principled beliefs and self-respect. . . . Map (db m132842) HM
41Indiana (Parke County), Bloomingdale — 61.1970.1 — Dennis HallWestern Manual Labor School — Friends Bloomingdale Academy —
An 1860 addition to Western Manual Labor School. The school was operated by Quakers from 1846 to 1916. The name was changed to Friends Bloomingdale Academy in 1862.Map (db m17258) HM
42Indiana (Randolph County), Winchester — 68 2013.1 — Amanda Way
Born in Randolph Co. circa 1828 to Quaker family, Way was advocate for women’s rights and temperance. Founding member of Indiana Woman’s Rights Association, 1851; participant in “Whisky Riot” here, 1854; and nurse in Civil War. She . . . Map (db m120249) HM
43Indiana (Randolph County), Winchester — 68.2010.1 — Randolph County Quakers
(Side One) When this meeting house was dedicated 1898, membership in Quarterly Meeting of Friends at Winchester was largest in the world. Migration of the Religious Society of Friends (Quakers) into this area began 1814 with the arrival . . . Map (db m69283) HM
44Indiana (Tippecanoe County), Lafayette — The Buddell Sleeper HouseUnderground Railroad Station
Buddell Sleeper (1806-1888) and his wife, Elizabeth Welch (1802-1889), arrived in Tippecanoe County in the Fall of 1835. The Sleepers would become prominent members of the Farmers Institute Quaker Community and the Greenfield Monthly Meeting of . . . Map (db m175614) HM
45Indiana (Tippecanoe County), Westpoint — Farmers Institute Academy
Opened in 1851, this was the first school of higher learning in rural Tippecanoe County, built by Society of Friends (Quakers) of this neighborhood. Enrollment included local, non-local and youth of other states. Primary through college preparatory . . . Map (db m34909) HM
46Indiana (Tippecanoe County), Westpoint — Underground Railroad
Site of station of Underground Railway used by Quakers during pre-Civil War days in smuggling slaves to Canada. Leader of the enterprise was Buddell Sleeper.Map (db m34871) HM
47Indiana (Wayne County), Dublin — 89.2003.1 — Indiana’s First Woman’s Rights Convention
A convention was called for by reform-minded Congregational Friends meeting at Greensboro, Henry County, January 1851. Convention held October 14-15, 1851 at Dublin adopted resolutions for political, social, and financial rights for women. Women and . . . Map (db m270) HM
48Indiana (Wayne County), Fountain City — 89.2002.1 — Levi Coffin
(Front Side): Levi Coffin (1798-1877), a Quaker abolitionist, lived in Newport (now Fountain City) with his family 1826-1847. Moved from North Carolina because he and his wife, Catharine, opposed slavery. Advocated, and sold in his store, . . . Map (db m4480) HM
49Indiana (Wayne County), Richmond — Mendenhall-Clay Debate / Confrontation
On October First, 1842, in what was then an open tract in this city square. Henry Clay, the leader of the Whig Party, delivered an address to an immense multitude and Hiram Mendenhall, a Quaker abolitionist, presented to him on behalf of the . . . Map (db m138953) HM
50Iowa (Cedar County), West Branch — Friends Meetinghouse
The Hoover family worshipped in this building along with neighbors and relatives who were members of the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers as they are often called. West Branch was predominately a Quaker community in the 1850's when this . . . Map (db m48312) HM
51Iowa (Cedar County), West Branch — Raised With Quaker Values — Herbert Hoover National Historic Site —
In this meetinghouse, the Religious Society of Friends, or Quakers, practiced principles of simplicity, honesty, equality, peace, and service to others. These values shaped young Hoover's character and were evident in his humanitarian endeavors and . . . Map (db m162636) HM
52Iowa (Cedar County), West Branch — Schoolhouse
The early settlers of West Branch had a strong regard for education, and in 1853 they built this school. It was used not only as a school but as a place of worship for the members of the Society of Friends. Originally the building housed all of the . . . Map (db m162553) HM
53Kansas (Johnson County), Merriam — 07 — Education in MerriamMerriam Historic Plaza Walking Path
From 1837 to 1869 the Quaker Mission educated the children from area Indian settlements. The early settlers of Campbellton sent their children to the Hickory Grove School, which was located near present day Shawnee Mission North High School. As . . . Map (db m50579) HM
54Kansas (Johnson County), Merriam — 02 — Shawnee Friends MissionMerriam Historic Plaza Walking Path
Religious missionaries of nearly all denominations were present throughout Indian settlements as early as the 1680’s. Missionaries were intent on converting the Native Americans to Christianity. Quakers (The Society of Friends) had worked among the . . . Map (db m46855) HM
55Kansas (Johnson County), Merriam — 1 — Shawnee Friends Mission
In 1825 the Federal government began moving Eastern Indians to new lands west of the Mississippi. This sign is on a 2,500 square mile tract assigned to the Shawnees. With this tribe came Methodist, Baptist and Quaker missionaries. One mile east . . . Map (db m20906) HM
56Maine (Cumberland County), Portland — 9 — Friends (Quaker) Meeting HousePortland Maine Freedom Trail
Top Plaque Maine Freedom Trails Established 2007 Bottom Plaque Friends (Quaker) Meeting House, Corner of Federal and Pearl Streets. Famous abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison started the Maine anti-slavery movement with a speech . . . Map (db m96520) HM
57Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Churchton — Site of First Quaker Regional Gathering
Site of First Quaker Regional Gathering In Maryland By George Fox in 1672 Ann of Arundell Chapter, MD. National Society of Colonial Dames XVII Century 1999 Map (db m65888) HM
58Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Friendship — Holly Hill
Surveyed, 1663, as Holland’s Hills for Francis Holland; bought 1665, by Richard Harrison, Quaker planter and shipowner, who owned about 6,000 acres. The house, built in three stages between 1665 and 1733 by Richard Harrison and his son Samuel, is . . . Map (db m2938) HM
59Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Galesville — Overlooking West RiverCedar Park, Tulip Hill
Cedar Park Patented to Richard Ewen in 1666 as “Ewen upon Ewenton.” Brick house built c.1697 by Richard Galloway II around earlier frame structure possibly dating back to 1656. Known as “West River Farm” in 18th Century. . . . Map (db m65889) HM
60Maryland (Anne Arundel County), Galesville — Welcome to Galesville
The members of the Galesville Heritage Society invite you to explore their historic village. First settled in 1654 on the banks of West River, Galesville and its history are fundamentally linked to the Chesapeake Bay. Native Americans, English . . . Map (db m6201) HM
61Maryland (Anne Arundel County), West River — Old Quaker Burying Ground1672
Here April, 1672, George Fox, founder of Quakerism, opened the first General Meeting of Friends in Maryland, marking the beginning of West River Yearly Meeting and its successor, Baltimore Yearly Meeting of Friends. Site of West River Quaker Meeting . . . Map (db m3038) HM
62Maryland (Anne Arundel County), West River — William Penn
Visited his Quaker friend William Richardson near this spot after the conference at Col. Thomas Tailler’s December 13, 1682. Lord Baltimore and the members of his Council accompanied him to this place.Map (db m3039) HM
63Maryland (Anne Arundel County), West River — William Penn
Attended a meeting of the Friends (Quakers) at Thomas Hooker’s December 1682 on this tract called “Brownton” (patented in 1652 for 660 acres). Penn sailed from here across the Bay to the Choptank River to a General Meeting of the Friends.Map (db m3041) HM
64Maryland (Baltimore), Clifton Park — The Samuel and Anne Hopkins Grand Staircase and Tower Restoration, Clifton Mansion
Clifton Mansion was the summer residence of Quaker merchant Johns Hopkins. In founding the Johns Hopkins University, Hospital, and Medical School, Hopkins transformed higher education, medicine, and the City of Baltimore. He became the first . . . Map (db m189862) HM
65Maryland (Baltimore), Cold Spring — Ruscombe
“Ruscombe” (meaning brown hill) was built in 1866 by James Wood Tyson, the younger brother of Jesse Tyson who built the nearby Cylburn Mansion. By the 1860’s, the Tyson dynasty, long one of Baltimore’s pre-eminent Quaker and . . . Map (db m114587) HM
66Maryland (Baltimore), Coldstream Homestead Montebello — Patapsco Friends Meeting House
On this site was erected Patapsco Friends Meeting House 6th Mo. 12th, 1681 is the earliest record of this meeting. Removed to Aisquith & Fayette Sts. Baltimore Town 2nd Mo. 22nd, 1781.Map (db m65715) HM
67Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — 1781 Friends Meeting House
The Friends Meeting House is the oldest religious building in Baltimore. In 1781, the Patapsco Friends Meeting, formerly located on Harford Road two miles north of the Inner Harbor, moved to this site. In 1784 a group of Quakers established a school . . . Map (db m6282) HM
68Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — McKim Free School
Before Baltimore's public school system opened in 1829, education was the concern of charitable and religious organizations. An early leader in the education movement was the McKim Free School, established through a bequest of Quaker merchant . . . Map (db m7071) HM
69Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — On to YorktownWashington-Rochambeau Revolutionary Route Historic Tail — Road to Victory —
Coming from their camp at White Marsh in the early afternoon of Wednesday, 12 September 1781, the First Brigade of French forces, consisting of the infantry regiments Bourbonnais and Royal Deux-Ponts marched into Baltimore on Pulaski Highway [US . . . Map (db m166667) HM
70Maryland (Baltimore), Mid-Town Belvedere — Tyson House
Built by Elisha Tyson 1790Map (db m6120) HM
71Maryland (Baltimore), Mount Pleasant Park — Taylor’s Chapel
The Taylor family, whose land holdings in area by end of 17th century were extensive, constructed of logs on this site c. 1770 a Quaker Meeting House, later used for Methodist services. It was razed when present stone chapel was built in 1853. . . . Map (db m114577) HM
72Maryland (Baltimore County), Ellicott City — The George Ellicott House
This house was built in 1789 by George Ellicott, a Quaker, who was a miller, surveyor, merchant and astronomer. He was friend and advisor to America's first black man of science, Benjamin Banneker, who visited here. He also entertained Chief Little . . . Map (db m193) HM
73Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — 33 — Caroline County Visitor CenterAbolitionists Abound — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
With more free than enslaved blacks and a sympathetic Quaker population, Caroline County was a hotbed of Underground Railroad activity until slavery was abolished in Maryland in 1864. Slaves, freemen of color, and whites often . . . Map (db m205449) HM
74Maryland (Caroline County), Denton — 34 — Tuckahoe Neck Meeting HouseLiving Their Beliefs — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
The Quakers, also known as Friends, who met in this Meeting House not only held strong opinions on the abolition of slavery and women’s rights, but they also acted on those beliefs. After 1790, the Friends who gathered here refused membership to . . . Map (db m79354) HM
75Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — 23 — Leverton HouseFinding Safe Haven — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Refugees from slavery came here for temporary sanctuary. Under the cover of darkness, they crept across these fields toward the home of Quaker Jacob and Hannah Leverton. The house, a rare, documented Underground Railroad station, still . . . Map (db m79303) HM
76Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — 24 — Linchester MillLiving Dangerously — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Daily life at and around Linchester Mill provided fertile yet dangerous ground for those seeking freedom. The mill, a general store, post office and homes at this site brought whites and blacks, free and enslaved, into regular contact. . . . Map (db m79299) HM
77Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Mt. Pleasant CemeteryDangerous Rendezvous — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
After Quakers sold their meetinghouse to the local black community in 1849, the new owners established Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church. The original church building has since burned, but the modern day congregation still uses the . . . Map (db m79178) HM
78Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — The Underground RailroadSeed of War
Among the factors that contributed to the coming of the Civil War was the increasing animosity between Southerners and Northerners over the issue of slavery. The operation of the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the free North and . . . Map (db m5411) HM
79Maryland (Carroll County), Union Bridge — “Pipe Creek Meeting”
About 1735 William Farquhar and Ann his wife held a Friends (Quaker) Meeting at his house. In 1771 he deeded two acres of land on which the Meeting House and burying ground are located. Ex-President Hoover’s ancestors were members of this Meeting.Map (db m3015) HM
80Maryland (Cecil County), Calvert — Calvert Village
40-acre grant from William Penn in 1701 on which present East Nottingham Friends Meeting House built, 1724, with stone addition completed in 1752. Used as American army hospital in 1778. Cross Keys Tavern, built in 1744, was mid-way on Old . . . Map (db m145437) HM
81Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Agents on the Underground Railroad
When Harriet Tubman engaged with the Underground Railroad, she tapped into a secret network of people who firmly believed it was time to end slavery. There were always some enslaved people who seized opportunities to flee to freedom, but by the . . . Map (db m205003) HM
82Maryland (Harford County), Kingsville — Jerusalem Mills
Established 1772 by David Lee a Quaker from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. A gun manufactory back of the mill furnished guns for the Revolution in 1776. The original tract called Jerusalem patented 1687.Map (db m1253) HM
83Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Friends Meeting House and Graveyard
After founding the town of Ellicotts Mills in 1772, the Ellicott brothers established this burying ground in 1795 and built the adjacent Friends Meeting House in 1800.Map (db m112272) HM
84Maryland (Howard County), Lisbon — New LisbonServicing Travelers on the National Pike
“New Lisbon” was established by Quaker Caleb Pancoast in 1802, who saw both need and opportunity to service travelers along the length of the National Pike. He also welcomed all religious denominations into his home, and allowed it to be used as a . . . Map (db m5744) HM
85Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Briggs HouseWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
The Briggs House was built in 1803 for Hannah Brooke Briggs and her husband Isaac Briggs, who were still living here in 1814. The Briggses also owned a house and farm known as Sharon in Sandy Spring. Hannah, a devout Quaker, married Isaac Briggs in . . . Map (db m128850) HM
86Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — The Rachel Carson Greenway
In 2004, this trail corridor was named in honor of the mother of the modern environmental movement, Rachel Carson. When complete, the Rachel Carson Greenway Trail will be 25 miles long, connecting the Anacostia Trail System in Prince George's County . . . Map (db m114413) HM
87Maryland (Montgomery County), Brookeville — Thomas House SiteWar of 1812 Bicentennial — United States Capital for a Day —
Richard Thomas, Jr. and his wife, Deborah Brooke Thomas, the founders of the town of Brookeville, built their large frame house here ca. 1801. In 1814, they were living here with their five children. The town was established on land that Deborah . . . Map (db m114394) HM
88Maryland (Montgomery County), Norwood — African Americans and Quakers in Sandy Spring
Sandy Spring has had large Quaker and African American populations since its founding in the 1720s. Encouraged by their regional and national Religious Society, most Sandy Spring Quakers had freed their slaves by about 1820, creating a . . . Map (db m67633) HM
89Maryland (Montgomery County), Norwood — Children Growing Up in Montgomery County1861 - 1865
Mothers and fathers alike sought to ensure that their sons and daughters had continual access to education between 1861 and 1865. At the height of the Civil War, public primary schools in Montgomery County were closed due to deficient state . . . Map (db m162739) HM
90Maryland (Montgomery County), Norwood — Woodlawn
  Built by the Thomas Family in the early 1800s,this property, formerly known as Woodlawn, has national significance. In 1816, Samuel and Anna Thomas established a Friends Boarding School here. Francis Scott Key frequently visited his daughters who . . . Map (db m67596) HM
91Maryland (Montgomery County), Olney — Olney
1720: Original land grant of 2550 acres from George III 1760: Area known as Fair Hill after first house built 1800: Olney House built and named after Olney England 1826: Mechanicsville P.O. established at Fair Hill, . . . Map (db m179230) HM
92Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Countee Cullen / The Odd Fellows LodgeSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Countee Cullen: Poet, Anthropologist, Novelist, Translator, Children's Author, and Playwright Countee Cullen died in 1946; he was only 42 years. In the centuries of the 20s and 30s he along with his friends Arna Bontemps, . . . Map (db m188351) HM
93Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Hallowed Ground
The Mutual Memorial Cemetery, established in 1873, is the final resting place of more than 300 African American citizens who lived in and around Sandy Spring, MD. The inhabitants of this hallowed ground, collectively, experienced a history that . . . Map (db m206729) HM
94Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Harridays and Carrolls / Carolyn SnowdenSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Harridays and Carrolls Joseph Harriday was born on November 29, 1953 to the late Archie "Jerry" Bell and the late Sadie Harriday, died on Friday, August 30, 2019 in his home in Germantown, MD. Joe loved watching the "Andy . . . Map (db m188347) HM
95Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Historic Sites Allegedly Connected to the Underground Railroad / Mamma Annie MatthewsSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Historic Sites Allegedly Connected to the Underground Railroad Caleb Bentley and his son Richard Bentley owned and occupied Historic Bloomfield from the early 1800s until 1914. The Bentleys were Quaker farmers, entrepreneurs, and . . . Map (db m188243) HM
96Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — History of the Sandy Spring Friends Meeting House
1753: Sandy Spring Friends Meeting established on this site by three or four families who had moved here from first Friends Meeting on Western Shore of Chesapeake Bay. 1770: James Brooke conveyed one acre of land to his sons to . . . Map (db m67674) HM
97Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Martha Howard and John H. Murphy Alliance / Mutual Memorial CemeterySandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Martha Howard and John H. Murphy Alliance Founded the Baltimore Afro-American Newspaper Martha E. Howard (1846-1915) was the third child of Enoch George and Harriet Howard. She was born a slave and was released to her mother . . . Map (db m188350) HM
98Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Olive Branch Community Church / The Awkards and Smith FamiliesSandy Spring African American Heritage Trail — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Olive Branch Community Church On the evening of Sept 13, 2006, a small group met at Reverend Kelly's home. They decided to build a new church. Pastor Kelly and the seven Founding Elders continued to meet at various homes and . . . Map (db m188150) HM
99Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Quakers Practicing their Faith in Montgomery County1861-1865
The Civil War profoundly affected county residents because of their proximity to Washington, D.C. —the Union Capital— and Virginia, the northern reach of the Confederate States of America. No community in Montgomery County was immune to the . . . Map (db m104229) HM
100Maryland (Montgomery County), Sandy Spring — Salute to the Quakers — [Sandy Spring Slave Museum & African Art Gallery] —
Through their efforts, conviction and dedication to the belief that all persons should be free, slavery in the United States was abolished and people of African heritage could finally join the family of Americans. Sandy Spring slaves were . . . Map (db m188138) HM

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Dec. 4, 2022