“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Alexandria VA 22314

The head stones for Peter Carroll, Samuel N. Gosnell, Geo. W. Huntington & Christopher Farley image, Touch for more information
By Richard E. Miller, March 20, 2011
The head stones for Peter Carroll, Samuel N. Gosnell, Geo. W. Huntington & Christopher Farley
1Virginia, Alexandria — "Pursuers of Booth the Assassin" — Alexandria National Cemetery
. . . Map (db m73446) HM
2Virginia, Alexandria — 115 Prince Street — Captain's Row
George Washington's 1749 Survey shows this lot fronting the Potomac River. The original house on this site was built in 1783. It was destroyed in the great fire of January 18, 1827, which consumed 53 houses and numerous outbuildings in Old Town. . . . Map (db m71794) HM
3Virginia, Alexandria — 1323 Duke Street – From Slavery to Freedom and Service — Alexandria Heritage Trail —
Text, upper half of marker panel: This house, built by Emmanuel Jones by 1888, stands at the corner of a block that witnessed the extremes of 19th century African American experience. From a slave trading company to significant . . . Map (db m46124) HM
4Virginia, Alexandria — 1955 Gas Station
Under this plaza is the concrete floor of a gas station, the construction of which desecrated many graves. The flooring was kept in place to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188799) HM
5Virginia, Alexandria — 204 South Royal
Built in 1880, 204 South Royal Street was originally the site of the Concordia Hotel. Commissioned by Jacob Borhaus, the Concordia incorporated every modern convenience. The original hotel entrance was located on Royal Street. A two story wing . . . Map (db m131347) HM
6Virginia, Alexandria — 414-412 Prince Street
In 1850, William N. McVeigh bought a frame house on this site at public auction. Soon after the purchase, McVeigh had the small house demolished, and construction began on a pair of three-story brick houses. The Alexandria Gazette and . . . Map (db m146441) HM
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7Virginia, Alexandria — 511 Prince Street
George Washington purchased this lot in 1763 Frame house built 1798 Enlarged and encased in brick in 1853 by William McVeighMap (db m146414) HM
8Virginia, Alexandria — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union . . . Map (db m92115) HM
9Virginia, Alexandria — A Rich History on the Alexandria Waterfront
1880 On September 1, 1880 the Old Dominion Boat Club (ODBC) was organized to combine physical fitness and sport with a social atmosphere. The members built their first clubhouse on May 1, 1881 located on the Strand between Duke and . . . Map (db m195594) HM
10Virginia, Alexandria — A Tale of Three Jurisdictions
Did you know that you traverse the District of Columbia, Maryland, and Virginia when you cross this bridge? The brass lines in the walkway mark the boundaries. They also commemorate the cooperation required to build this bridge. Follow the . . . Map (db m140997) HM
11Virginia, Alexandria — A Very Different View: Living and Working in 1700s Alexandria
Alexandria's Changing Shoreline In 1749 the town of Alexandria was laid out on 10 to 15 foot bluffs around a crescent of shallow water. The back edge of John Carlyle's property, where you are standing now, was about 15 feet above the Potomac . . . Map (db m129171) HM
12Virginia, Alexandria — A World War I Shipyard Transforms Jones Point — From Shoals to Ships — 1918-1921 —
During World War I (1914-1918), the U.S. government targeted Jones Point as the site for a private shipyard, one of 111 built to aid the war effort. The Virginia Shipbuilding Corporation yard, constructed just before war's end, was designed to build . . . Map (db m127780) HM
13Virginia, Alexandria — African American Heritage Memorial
[Plaque on the left side of the entrance:] From the establishment of Alexandria in 1749 to the present time, African Americans have been a vibrant part of this city's history. The City of Alexandria would not exist in its present form were . . . Map (db m131547) HM
Paid Advertisement
14Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria — A Place Through Time
13,000 years ago The Paleoindian Period A Native American hunter during the Paleoindian period discards a broken spear point, on a bluff overlooking a tributary to the Potomac River at the southern edge of present-day Alexandria. . . . Map (db m166409) HM
15Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Academy — 1732 1932
Erected 1785, Chartered by the General Assembly of Virginia 1786, with the following trustees: George Washington William Brown John Fitzgerald William Baker Samuel Hanson William Hartshorne Benjamin Dulany David Stuart Charles . . . Map (db m175873) HM
16Virginia, Alexandria — E-89 — Alexandria Academy
On 17 Dec. 1785, George Washington endowed a school here in the recently established Alexandria Academy “for the purpose of educating orphan children.” In 1812, an association of free African Americans founded its own school here in space vacated by . . . Map (db m813) HM
17Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria and Fredericksburg Railroad
The rails embedded in the brick sidewalk along this block of Fayette Street come from the Alexandria and Fredericksburg Railroad. Chartered in 1864 and completed to Quantico by 1872, this rail line ran in the street and spurred industrial growth in . . . Map (db m115685) HM
18Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Archaeology Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
The launch of urban renewal in 1965 led to a boom of archaeological discoveries in Alexandria's Old and Historic District. As buildings were razed exposing artifact-laden layers of history, community outcry demanded that the City address and halt . . . Map (db m115770) HM
19Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Black History Museum — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 — History —
This is the original entrance to the Robert H. Robinson Library, built in 1940 as the segregated facility for Alexandria's African American residents.Map (db m188812) HM
20Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Canal (1843 - 1886) — Lock #3
Buried beneath this canal stone lies Lock #3 of the Alexandria Canal, which connected the Harbor of Alexandria with the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in Georgetown, D.C. between 1843 and 1886. After Crossing the Potomac on an aqueduct bridge near the . . . Map (db m80668) HM
Paid Advertisement
21Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Canal Turning Basin — (1843-1886) — Alexandria Heritage Trail, City of Alexandria, Virginia —
The Alexandria Canal officially opened on December 2, 1843. The seven-mile long canal extended from the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal in Georgetown to Alexandria's ports on the Potomac River. Boats brought coal, limestone, iron ore, port and . . . Map (db m147123) HM
22Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Library Sit-In — Alexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
On August 21, 1939, five young African-American men, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange and Otto Tucker entered the Barrett Library, then a whites-only segregated, public facility. When they requested library cards and . . . Map (db m195649) HM
23Virginia, Alexandria — E-88 — Alexandria Library Sit-In
On 21 August 1939, five young African American men applied for library cards at the new Alexandria Library to protest its whites-only policy. After being denied, William Evans, Edward Gaddis, Morris Murray, Clarence Strange, and Otto L. Tucker each . . . Map (db m82774) HM
24Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria National Cemetery
Securing the Capital On May 24, 1861, Gen. Winfield Scott ordered eleven regiments of Union troops from Washington, D.C., across the Potomac River, where they captured Arlington and Alexandria. After their defeat in July at Manassas, . . . Map (db m92113) HM
25Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion
This structure stands on the site of a late eighteenth-century brick dwelling, part of a complex owned by John Wise and leased to John Gadsby, both noted Alexandria tavern keepers. The Alexandria Post No. 24, American Legion, purchased the . . . Map (db m129180) HM
26Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Quaker Burial Ground
Established 1784Map (db m195648) HM
27Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Railroads
Three railroads developed in Alexandria during the mid-19th century, a period of limited industrial expansion for the City. Alexandrians had a invested heavily in the Alexandria Canal which opened in 1843, giving the city access to the rich . . . Map (db m72379) HM
28Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria Washington Lodge — No. 22 AF & AM
Chartered A.D. 1788 Destroyed by Fire May 19, A.D. 1871 Rebuilt A.D. 1874 Adolf Cluss - Architect This plaque mounted in cooperation with the City of Alexandria by the Alexandria-Washington Lodge No. 22 Ancient Free and . . . Map (db m69947) HM
29Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria, D.C. — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Alexandria was established by Virginia's colonial assembly in 1749, over four decades the U.S. Congress authorized creation of a national capital on the banks of the Potomac River. Once the final site for the Federal city was selected by President . . . Map (db m141166) HM
30Virginia, Alexandria — Alexandria, Virginia — Market Square — Alexandria Historic District —
Wording on stone tablet to left: Alexandria, Virginia County seat of Fairfax 1742-1800 Organized 13th July, 1749 Incorporated by the Assembly of Virginia 1779 Ceded to the Federal Government 1789 First boundary . . . Map (db m167068) HM WM
31Virginia, Alexandria — E-124 — Alfred Street Baptist Church
Alfred Street Baptist Church is home to the oldest African American congregation in Alexandria, dating to the early 19th century. It has served as a prominent religious, educational, and cultural institution. In 1818, the congregation, then . . . Map (db m14623) HM
32Virginia, Alexandria — American Red Cross
This building, originally built as a bottling plant for the Robert Portner Brewing Company in 1912, was purchased along with the land surrounding it by the American National Red Cross in the spring of 1941. It served as the organization's Eastern . . . Map (db m134971) HM
33Virginia, Alexandria — ASIS International 9/11 Memorial
In honor and memory of our colleagues in the security profession whose lives were lost in the performance of their duty on September 11th in New York, and all others who have been called upon to make the ultimate sacrifice, ASIS International . . . Map (db m131393) WM
34Virginia, Alexandria — Bank of Alexandria
Established in 1792, this was the first financial institution authorized by the General Assembly of Virginia. The building was completed in 1807. It is one of the oldest surviving commercial structures in Alexandria and is a fine local example of . . . Map (db m81250) HM
35Virginia, Alexandria — Barrett Library / Black History Museum
The Alexandria Library's Kate Waller Barrett Branch (2 blocks north, 1 block east) and the Alexandria Black History Museum (6 blocks north) have an unusual shared history. The library building was constructed in 1938 and named for Dr. Kate Waller . . . Map (db m115715) HM
36Virginia, Alexandria — Battery Cove Filled: A New Shipyard — Reported unreadable
Between 1911 and 1912, Battery Cove, the shallow bay extending from the southern edge of Keith's Wharf southward to Jones Point, was [unreadable] for the Civil War Battery Rodgers and was used as a small [unreadable] for an extensive dredging . . . Map (db m127768) HM
37Virginia, Alexandria — Battery Rodgers
Historical Site Defenses of Washington 1861-1865 Battery Rodgers Here stood Battery Rodgers, built in 1863 to prevent enemy ships from passing up the Potomac River. The battery had a perimeter of 30 yards and mounted five 200 pounder Parrott . . . Map (db m41413) HM
38Virginia, Alexandria — Bayne-Fowle House
This property has been listed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior Bayne-Fowle House 1854 [Additional plaques above:] The Bayne-Fowle House has been . . . Map (db m134975) HM
39Virginia, Alexandria — Bethel Cemetery — Resting place of 21 CSA Virginia soldiers
Henry A. Crump 60th Inf • William M. David 62nd Inf • George W.L. Francis 7th Cav • William H. Haws 8th Inf • George W. Herndon 13th Inf • Elias M. Herring 18th Inf • Elijah F. Hutchison 6th Cav • Edward S. Jett 56th Inf • John J. Knoxville 9th . . . Map (db m150721) HM WM
40Virginia, Alexandria — Bethel Cemetery — Here rests 15 Alexandria area soldiers of the 17th Virginia Regiment, CSA
Brown, Alexander H. • Carter, Merriwether T. • Darley, William • Jones, George W. • Lawler, John Joseph • Lewis, William L. • Pitts, Henry Segar • Pitts, Robert Tyler • Proctor, John J. • Roland, Richard N. • Sutherland, John W. • Turner, Albert . . . Map (db m150723) HM WM
41Virginia, Alexandria — E-139 — Beulah Baptist Church
African Americans escaping slavery found refuge in Alexandria after Union troops occupied the city in 1861. The Rev. Clement “Clem” Robinson established the First Select Colored School in 1862. Hundreds of students registered for day and . . . Map (db m98079) HM
42Virginia, Alexandria — Braddock Road Mile "0"
In honor of Dr. Walter Powell, Founder and President of the Braddock Road Preservation AssociationMap (db m156481) HM
43Virginia, Alexandria — Brick Making on Broomilaw Point — ca. 1882-1919 — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
John Tucker's small factory at Broomilaw Point was one of several brickyards that operated in the City of Alexandria. Park Agnew and M.B. Harlow bought the brickworks in 1890, expanding and mechanizing Tucker's small operation. By 1890, the . . . Map (db m127763) HM
44Virginia, Alexandria — Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA
Brigadier General Montgomery D. Corse, CSA Born here in 1816, died Alexandria 1895. Volunteer, Mexican War 1846-1848. Prospector in California, Commander, 17th Virginia Infantry Regiment, CSA. Post-war civic leader and banker. Buried . . . Map (db m65489) HM
45Virginia, Alexandria — Capt. James McGuire House
Built 1816-18 by Capt. James McGuire Occupied for much of his Alexandria ministry by Rev. Samuel Cornelius, Pastor First Baptist Church, 1824-41 Restored 1964-65 by Mr. & Mrs. John Page ElliottMap (db m66551) HM
46Virginia, Alexandria — Carlyle House Historic Park
This unique building, constructed of stone and set back from the street, was built by John Carlyle, a British merchant and one of the original founders of Alexandria. Witness to both domestic life and war, today the house stands as a museum . . . Map (db m156562) HM
47Virginia, Alexandria — Carver Nursery School / Post 129 — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
This modest, wood-frame building has played an important role in the segregated history of Alexandria. During World War II, the federal government encouraged women to join the war effort by providing safe and affordable day care. In Alexandria, . . . Map (db m129190) HM
48Virginia, Alexandria — Carver School — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Just two blocks north of this location along Fayette Street (named for the Marquis de Lafayette who visited Alexandria in 1824), near the southwest corner of Queen Street, stood the Old Powder House, dating from 1791-1809. On the same spot, the . . . Map (db m115713) HM
49Virginia, Alexandria — Christ Church — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Before the American Revolution, the Church of England was the established church of Virginia and part of the colonial government. For administrative purposes, the colony was divided into "parishes" and all residents paid taxes to maintain church . . . Map (db m115716) HM
50Virginia, Alexandria — Civil War and Restoration
Civil War Comes to Carlyle House If you stood in this spot 150 years ago, you would be inside a building! In 1848 James Green purchased Carlyle House and the building in front of you, the first Bank of Alexandria. He turned it into a hotel . . . Map (db m129170) HM
51Virginia, Alexandria — Clovis Point
An archeological investigation was conducted in 2007 and 2008 to find and protect the cemetery's remaining graves. City archaeologists discovered an American Indian site in this area with a broken quartzite fragment fro a 13,000-year-old spear . . . Map (db m188802) HM
52Virginia, Alexandria — Col. John Fitzgerald
Here stood the home of Col. John Fitzgerald favorite aide-de-camp and bosom friend of WashingtonMap (db m115761) HM
53Virginia, Alexandria — Colonel Francis Peyton
In the late 18th and early 19th centuries, this land was part of a larger parcel owned by Colonel Francis Peyton and the land was later inherited by his son, Lucien. In 1851, Lucien Peyton sold this property, depicted on the 1845 map of Alexandria, . . . Map (db m115704) HM
54Virginia, Alexandria — Colonel Michael Swope House
This house was built between 1784-1786 by Colonel Michael Swope, a Revolutionary War Battalion Commander, and his wife, Eva Kuhn Swope. Originally from York, PA, Colonel Swope was taken prisoner by the British at the beginning of the war and was . . . Map (db m149717) HM
55Virginia, Alexandria — Colross-Alexandria's Urban Phoenix — Alexandria Heritage Trail
For over a century, this two-acre block was occupied by a mansion known as Colross. Built in 1800 by John Potts, the mansion, with its outbuildings, gardens, orchard, and a "clover lot" was in effect a small plantation. Colross's owners . . . Map (db m72384) HM
56Virginia, Alexandria — Confederate Soldiers
"How sleep the brave who sink to rest By all their country's wishes blest" Beneath this mound lie the remains of thirty-four Confederate Soldiers Which were disinterred from the Alexandria Soldiers' Cemetery (Federal) and reinterred . . . Map (db m129286) HM WM
57Virginia, Alexandria — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
The Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial is dedicated to honoring more than 1,700 people of African descent buried here during and following the Civil War, as well as those who may have been laid to rest after the cemetery officially . . . Map (db m77244) HM WM
58Virginia, Alexandria — Contrabands and Freedmen Cemetery Memorial
Seeking freedom and a chance to begin a new life thousands of African Americans fleeing slavery flooded Civil War-era Alexandria. The city was quickly overwhelmed, and as living conditions grew dire, many perished from disease and deprivation. In . . . Map (db m86652) HM
59Virginia, Alexandria — Corner of Building Erected in 1960 — [Southwest corner]
You are standing over the building's floor which was left in place and covered to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188803) HM
60Virginia, Alexandria — Corner of Building Erected in 1960 — [Southeast Corner]
You are standing over the building's floor, which was left in place and covered to protect the graves that may remain below.Map (db m188805) HM
61Virginia, Alexandria — Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885
Courtesy of Bethel Cemetery, Est. 1885 on whose grounds rests ten members of Col. John Singleton Mosby's Rangers, 43rd BN CSA. The area of Northern Virginia was known during the war and ever since as Mosby's Confederacy Ayre, George . . . Map (db m150722) HM WM
62Virginia, Alexandria — Cross Canal — Historic Site
This area, called "Cross Canal," was a neighborhood of black residents who settled across from the canal shortly after the Civil War. The canal, located just north of this marker, extended from the Potomac River to Washington Street, thence north to . . . Map (db m129476) HM
63Virginia, Alexandria — D.C.'s First Building Block — Jones Point Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1791, surveyors on Jones Point began to lay out the ten-mile square that would become Washington, D.C. The first marker for the survey—the south cornerstone—was set in place on this spot. Although the stone within this protective . . . Map (db m60162) HM
64Virginia, Alexandria — Douglass Cemetery — circa, 1827
The Douglass Cemetery Association was founded in 1895 as a non-denominational, segregated cemetery for Alexandria's African American community. The Douglass Cemetery is named in memory of Frederick Douglass, who was an American abolitionist, . . . Map (db m140586) HM
65Virginia, Alexandria — Dr. Bernard Stier, O.D. (1930-2005)
Dr. Bernard Stier, O.D. (1930-2005), practiced optometry at this address from the late 1950s to 1998. Dr. Stier moved his practice here after practicing at 716 King Street with his uncle, Dr. Moses Katz, O.D. (1913-1957). A longtime Alexandrian, Dr. . . . Map (db m115717) HM
66Virginia, Alexandria — Duvall's Tavern
On December 31, 1783, George Washington was feted here by the Gentlemen of Alexandria celebrating his triumphant return from the Revolutionary War.Map (db m191971) HM
67Virginia, Alexandria — E-157 — Earl Francis Lloyd — (1928 - 2015)
Earl Lloyd, a Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Famer, grew up on this block, attended the segregated Parker-Gray High School, and graduated from West Virginia State College. On 31 Oct. 1950, as a member of the Washington Capitols, he became the . . . Map (db m195657) HM
68Virginia, Alexandria — Early Alexandria and Keith's Wharf — Reported unreadable
During the 17th century, settlers began to establish small plantations near landing places on the Potomac River. Oceangoing ships could load tobacco and other goods to export to Great Britain. The area that was to become Alexandria was still . . . Map (db m127772) HM
69Virginia, Alexandria — Edgar Warfield — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
One of King Street's greatest commercial buildings was built by one of Alexandria's most beloved citizens. Edgar Warfield, Jr. was born in 1842, and at the age of 18 he co-founded the "Old Dominion Rifles," a Confederate militia that served in . . . Map (db m115749) HM
70Virginia, Alexandria — Electric Railway — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Alexandria's electric streetcar system, the Washington, Alexandria & Mount Vernon Railway, was established in 1892 between Alexandria and Mount Vernon. In 1896, the line extended into Washington, crossing the Long Bridge where the 14th Street Bridge . . . Map (db m115760) HM
71Virginia, Alexandria — Elisha Cullen Dick, M.D. — 1750 - 1825
Friend and physician to George · Washington buried near this spotMap (db m195653) HM
72Virginia, Alexandria — Engin Artemel
As Planning Director (1977-1984) Engin Artemel led the City of Alexandria in planning for the transformation of its industrial waterfront to one that can be enjoyed by visitors and residents alike. Inspired by beautiful active urban waterfronts in . . . Map (db m99596) HM
73Virginia, Alexandria — First Catholic Church in Virginia — A. D. 1795
This stone taken from the canal of the Potomac Company of which Washington and Fitzgerald were Directors commemorates the erection of the First Catholic Church in Virginia, A. D. 1795, which stood until 1839 about twenty feet behind this . . . Map (db m79678) HM
74Virginia, Alexandria — First Lot Sold at Auction
Erected by the Bicentennial Commission to mark the site of the first lot sold at Auction July 13th, 1749,Map (db m152581) HM
75Virginia, Alexandria — 22 — First Presbyterian Church of Alexandria — "Old Presbyterian Meeting House" — American Presbyterian and Reformed Historical Site —
Panel 1 - upper middle of east face: The First Presbyterian Church of Alexandria founded A.D. 1772 House of worship erected 1774. Destroyed by lightning July 20, 1835. Rebuilt on the same lot A.D. 1836. Panel 2 - . . . Map (db m122164) HM
76Virginia, Alexandria — Foot of King Street — Alexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
The Alexandria waterfront has changed dramatically since the City's founding in 1749. The Potomac River once flowed along the high banks about two blocks west of here near Water (now Lee) Street. Two hundred and fifty years ago, the area where . . . Map (db m182672) HM
77Virginia, Alexandria — For God and Country
Erected to the Memory of the Soldiers, Sailors and Marines from Alexandria, Virginia who gave their lives during the World War. Geo. M. Anderton • Herbert Bernhard • Thos. W. Cook • John Crilly • Arthur Curran • Percy C. Dove • . . . Map (db m129194) WM
78Virginia, Alexandria — Former USCT Burial Ground — Rather Die Freemen Than Live To Be Slaves
We are not contrabands, but soldiers of the U.S. Army. We have cheerfully left the comforts of home, and entered into the field of conflict, fighting side by side with the white soldiers… As American citizens, we have a right . . . Map (db m87058) HM
79Virginia, Alexandria — Fort Ellsworth — Historical Site — Defenses of Washington 1861 - 1865 — Reported damaged
Here stood Fort Ellsworth, named for Colonel Elmer E. Ellsworth who was killed during the Union Army's occupation of Alexandria on May 24, 1861. Built in 1861, the fort had a perimeter of 618 yards and emplacement for 29 guns.Map (db m133932) HM
80Virginia, Alexandria — E-131 — Franklin and Armfield Slave Office — (1315 Duke Street)
Isaac Franklin and John Armfield leased this brick building with access to the wharves and docks in 1828 as a holding pen for enslaved people being shipped from Northern Virginia to Louisiana. They purchased the building and three lots in 1832. From . . . Map (db m72628) HM
81Virginia, Alexandria — Franklin P. Backus Courthouse — Dedicated in his honor November 17, 1989
University of Virginia, LLB 1936 Admitted to practice before the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals 1936 United States Naval Reserve Officer, World War II 1942-1946 Mayor and Member of City Council of City of Alexandria . . . Map (db m115750) HM
82Virginia, Alexandria — E-109 — Freedmen’s Cemetery
Federal authorities established a cemetery here for newly freed African Americans during the Civil War. In January 1864, the military governor of Alexandria confiscated for use as a burying ground an abandoned pasture from a family with Confederate . . . Map (db m122082) HM
83Virginia, Alexandria — Freedom House Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
The building at 1315 Duke Street, two blocks south of here, was originally built around 1812 as a residence for General Robert Young, commander of Alexandria's militia, who died in 1824. This three-story brick building then became the . . . Map (db m115706) HM
84Virginia, Alexandria — Friendship Fire Company
Organized 1774 Original building erected July 23, 1855 New addition erected October 30, 1972 Housing relics for future generations. Gift of Bernard B. BrownMap (db m65818) HM
85Virginia, Alexandria — Friendship Firehouse — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
In an 18th century town of mostly wooden buildings, where open flames provided heat, light and cooking on a daily basis, Alexandrians constantly faced the danger of fire. Water to fight fires had to be carried in buckets from nearby wells, town . . . Map (db m115714) HM
86Virginia, Alexandria — From Factory to Housing — The History of 515 N. Washington Street — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
Alexandria's First Cotton Factory On April 19, 1847, the Mount Vernon Manufacturing Company purchased this lot along North Washington Street. The present building on this site was completed a year later in 1848, becoming the city's first . . . Map (db m127782) HM
87Virginia, Alexandria — Gadsby’s Tavern
Erected 1792. Popular resort and famous hostelry of the Eighteenth Century. Here was held in 1798 the first celebration of Washington's Birthday in which he participated, and from its steps Washington held his last military review and gave his last . . . Map (db m146) HM
88Virginia, Alexandria — Gadsby's Tavern — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Restoration In the early 20th century Alexandria's economy was struggling, despite major efforts to develop a strong industrial base. But by the early 1920s, inspired by efforts to restore the colonial city of Williamsburg, Virginia, . . . Map (db m129178) HM
89Virginia, Alexandria — Gadsby's Tavern Museum — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
Gadsby's Tavern Museum consists of two buildings — the smaller c.1875 tavern and larger 1792 City Tavern and Hotel. While both were constructed by John Wise, they were made famous by John Gadsby, a rising tavern keeper who rented the buildings . . . Map (db m115755) HM
90Virginia, Alexandria — Gazette House
This building dates to 1801. Between 1852-1911 the Alexandria Gazette newspaper was printed here. In 1862 while Alexandria was occupied by the North during the Civil War, Union soldiers burned this building because it was reported here that St. Paul . . . Map (db m41832) HM
91Virginia, Alexandria — George Johnston's Home
Trustee of Alexandria 1752 until death in 1765, and was succeeded on board of trustees by George Washington. Member of House of Burgesses and moved the adoption of Patrick Henry's resolution on the "Stamp Act."Map (db m131392) HM
92Virginia, Alexandria — George Washington in Alexandria — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
George Washington considered Alexandria his hometown after its founding in 1749, and it is here that he came to do business, learn the events of the world, pick up mail, and visit friends. His first association with the town was probably as a 17 . . . Map (db m115747) HM
93Virginia, Alexandria — George Washington Masonic National Memorial
has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America. Built from 1922-1932 to symbolize George Washington's character and virtue, this . . . Map (db m204971) HM
94Virginia, Alexandria — George Washington Memorial Parkway — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
A visit to George Washington's Mount Vernon estate, about nine miles to the south, has long been viewed as a patriotic duty of Americans. In the late 19th century, visitors often traveled there from Washington by boat, stopping first in Alexandria. . . . Map (db m115719) HM
95Virginia, Alexandria — Graves
Many of the African Americans who fled to Alexandria to escape enslavement and those already living here succumbed to disease and deprivation during and shortly after the Civil War. Carts bearing the dead entered the cemetery along a path in this . . . Map (db m188795) HM
96Virginia, Alexandria — Graves Under South Washington Street
During the Civil War, Freedmen's Cemetery extended into the middle of South Washington Street. Each tan stone in the sidewalk marks a grave identified by archaeologists investigating the location of the original cemetery.Map (db m188794) HM
97Virginia, Alexandria — Green & Brother Furniture
Steam Furniture Works. Established 1828. Green & Brother, manufacturers of chamber, hall, parlor, dining-room, school, and church furniture. Wholesale and retail. Ssend for price list. Handrail, newells, balusters, brackets, bed-posts, table-legs; . . . Map (db m71742) HM
98Virginia, Alexandria — Grosvenor Hospital — Alexandria Heritage Trail — City of Alexandria, Est. 1749 —
Over the course of the Civil War (1861-1865), the Union Army Surgeon General of Alexandria opened over 30 military hospitals with 6,500 beds within the city limits. Grosvenor Hospital was added as a branch of Mansion House on August 17, 1862, and . . . Map (db m185293) HM
99Virginia, Alexandria — Guarding the Potomac — Battery Rodgers 1863-1865
The area around Jones Point, which lies just south of the nation’s capital, was an obvious location for early defensive fortifications. During the Civil War (1861-1865), Battery Rodgers was built overlooking the cove to guard the river approach . . . Map (db m69911) HM
100Virginia, Alexandria — Hall, Bank & Tavern — City of Alexandria Est. 1749
When Alexandria was founded in 1749, this corner was planned as the main intersection in the new town, with the streets named in honor of Thomas Fairfax, 6th Lord Fairfax of Cameron, a major land-owner in Northern Virginia. From Cameron Street, . . . Map (db m167213) HM

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Dec. 9, 2022