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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Caroline County, Maryland
Adjacent to Caroline County, Maryland
▶ Dorchester County (102) ▶ Queen Anne's County (85) ▶ Talbot County (117) ▶ Kent County, Delaware (210) ▶ Sussex County, Delaware (337)
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|This monument commemorates the completion in 1976 of the resurvey by the U.S. Department of Commerce of the north-south boundary between the State of Maryland and the State of Delaware known historically as the Mason and Dixon Line. The original . . . — — Map (db m88751) HM|
"29, let's go!"
"To All Who Serve"
A Living Tribute to
Our Caroline County
and their Families
In Honor of
For this Nation's
[Engraving on nearby . . . — — Map (db m137765) WM|
|This bell was originally located in the First Methodist (M.E.) Church on Market Street. It is believed the bell was installed during its construction in 1867. — — Map (db m137764) HM|
Caroline County-established, 1773, from parts of Queen Anne's and Dorchester Counties — held its early courts at seven different locations until 1797 when its first courthouse was built on this site, once known as Pig Point.
The 1895 . . . — — Map (db m3388) HM|
|Many facets of 19th century rural life focused on a county’s courthouse. Elected officials, lawyers, merchants, and ordinary citizens all had reasons to gather at the Caroline County Courthouse Square. For the enslaved and abolitionists, the square . . . — — Map (db m79340) HM|
|The Choptank River was as entwined with the history of slavery and freedom on the Eastern Shore as any plantation. Slaves arrived by boat for auction and left the dock in the hands of a new owner. At wharves like this, black watermen played an . . . — — Map (db m79342) HM|
Originally called "Edenton" for Robert Eden, Maryland's last Colonial Governor.
was named in honor of his wife Caroline Calvert, a sister of Frederick, the last Lord Baltimore. — — Map (db m3391) HM|
This property has been
placed on the
of Historic Places
by the United States
Department of the Interior
[Additional plaque nearby:]
This 1883 schoolhouse
and the colonial garden
was owned by the . . . — — Map (db m137766) HM|
|Dedicated in honor of the men and women from Caroline County who served their country during the great wars of world conflict. — — Map (db m4534) WM|
|Sailboats and steamboats unloaded and loaded passengers and freight all along the Choptank. As trade increased in the 1800s, people built wharves and landings every few miles on the river.
A wharf bustled with activity when a boat arrived. . . . — — Map (db m68427) HM|
|Divided loyalties and ironies tore at Marylander’s hearts throughout the Civil War: enslaved African-Americans and free United States Colored Troops; spies and smugglers; civilians imprisoned without trial to protect freedom; neighbors and families . . . — — Map (db m3390) HM|
|This site recreates the Golden Age of Steam on the Choptank River
Here you'll find the restored Joppa steamboat wharf and terminal from the 1800s, a visitor center and museum, and a Chesapeake Bay skipjack. This area was once a thriving . . . — — Map (db m98435) HM|
|Although isolated from Maryland's largest population centers, the Eastern Shore was important to the state's role in the Civil War and exemplified the citizens' divided loyalties.
In the years before the war, enslaved African-Americans here . . . — — Map (db m113505) HM|
|Growing up as a slave near Easton, MD, Moses Viney often heard, “The wild geese come from Canada, where all are free.“ When he was 23 years old, Moses learned he might be sold to a new owner in the Deep South. To avoid this fate, he and . . . — — Map (db m79341) HM|
|Neck or Tuckahoe Neck Meeting House was built in 1802 by members of the Society of Friends who had been Nicholites, a sect that originated in Caroline County. The building was used as a house of worship and as a Friends School until 1897. The . . . — — Map (db m5075) HM|
| These native plants have evolved in this region over 10,000 years and are well adapted to the area's uniq;ue conditions. They contribute to the health and the environment by filtering pollutants, moderating storm water runoff and preventing . . . — — Map (db m98436) HM|
|On August 17, 1862, the steamboat Balloon arrived at Denton wharf and disembarked a company of New York infantry and a troop of cavalry. The soldiers quickly arrested twelve prominent local citizens and transported them to imprisonment at . . . — — Map (db m68428) HM|
|"It is the privilege of some of us to dream dreams, and some of us to carry out the dreams of others" — — Map (db m3541) HM|
|President Franklin D. Roosevelt made a critical address broadcast by radio to the entire nation from this spot at 2:00 p.m. on Labor Day, September 5, 1938.
He arrived in Denton in a large motorcade led by the local fire company, National Guard . . . — — Map (db m137770) HM|
|Maryland slaves were not freed by the Emancipation Proclamation of 1863, which excluded states that remained in the Union from its provisions. It was Maryland's new constitution, adopted by the narrow margin of 291 votes of almost 60,000 cast on . . . — — Map (db m3389) HM|
|Steamboats carrying passengers and freight brought prosperity to Denton and Caroline County during the late 1800s and early 1900s.
Caroline County's economy was based on agriculture. Farmers had to market their products. Steamboats quickly and . . . — — Map (db m68429) HM|
|The Quakers, also known as Friends, who met in this Meeting House not only held strong opinions on the abolition of slavery and women’s rights, but they also acted on those beliefs.
After 1790, the Friends who gathered here refused membership to . . . — — Map (db m79354) HM|
|Less than a block in both directions from this site, two young men from this small town grew up as Depression-era neighbors, competed in sports, later entered public service, and rose to the highest elective office in the neighboring states of . . . — — Map (db m137768) HM|
|William Still’s mother Sidney and several of his siblings lived in a cottage on the plantation where they were enslaved. Sidney escaped with her children to join her husband in New Jersey, but she was soon recaptured and returned to Maryland. . . . — — Map (db m79313) HM|
|During the Civil War, Maryland's Eastern Shore became a "smuggler's paradise," as coasting vessels from New York made daily runs with contraband goods to the unguarded rivers of Delaware. Cargoes were then carried by wagon to the upper reaches of . . . — — Map (db m137738) HM|
of the soldiers of the Civil
War buried in this cemetery — — Map (db m137762) WM|
Exeter is one of the oldest remaining structures in the southern part of Caroline County. According to land records, the Reverend Thomas Dill (Dell) was granted a survey certificate and patent for 50 acres of land in Dorchester . . . — — Map (db m137763) HM|
Dedicated to honor
the sacrifices of all
men and women
who served our country
God of compassion,
God of dignity and strength,
Watch over our veterans
In recognition of their loyal service
to our nation
Bless them with . . . — — Map (db m137737) HM|
This building is the former clubhouse at Federal Field, and home to the Federalsburg Athletics of the Class D Eastern Shore League, which was a minor league affiliate of Connie Mack's Philadelphia Athletics. Fifteen ball players from the A's, . . . — — Map (db m137760) HM|
|Until it was named Federalsburg in 1812,
the community took its name from the bridge
at this crossing. This 215-foot concrete
structure was built in 1910 by the Luten
Bridge Company of York, Pennsylvania, a firm noted for
its filled Spanderel . . . — — Map (db m60467) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m137758) HM|
of all the wars of the
United States — — Map (db m137761) WM|
|Judge Laird Goldsborough lived here 1897-1970. As onetime Adjutant General of the Philippines he authored the Island's first constitution. Part of the house is of pre-revolutionary construction.
Among other members of this Caroline County family . . . — — Map (db m3394) HM|
|Founded 1732 as Bridge-Town, then in Queen Anne's and Dorchester Counties. Named Greensboro 1791. Sessions of Caroline County Court held here November, December, 1778; June 1779; march, 1780. Choptank Bridge, the first across the river built near . . . — — Map (db m3395) HM|
|More than cargo flowed through commercial towns like Greensboro. Abolitionist ideas and freedom seekers on the move created tension within a society dependent on slavery.
Site of the northern-most bridge over the Choptank River, Greensboro served . . . — — Map (db m79356) HM|
|The war divided communities in Maryland, pitting neighbor against neighbor. During Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee's first invasion of the North, which ended at Antietam, a Greensboro resident wrote to President Abraham Lincoln for assistance on . . . — — Map (db m3398) HM|
|Son of Nathan Harrington and grandson of Peter Rich, early landowners here. He served in 1778 as 2nd Lieutenant, 28th Battalion of Militia, Caroline County. In 1783, he successfully laid out town on tract called Ingram's Desire (efforts to sell lots . . . — — Map (db m3396) HM|
|Gilpin’s Point was one of the busiest wharves along the Choptank River in Caroline County where steamboats and sailing vessels transported people, timber, agricultural products, and seafood. It sat just upriver from Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s . . . — — Map (db m79311) HM|
|Tomb of William Richardson Patriot Col. of the Flying Camp of the Maryland Line Hero of battles of Long Island and Harlem Heights 1776 — — Map (db m79312) HM|
|The anti-slavery movement was a major factor in the regional contention that led to the Civil War. During the 1840s and 1850s, no individual generated greater support in both America and Europe for that movement than Frederick Douglass. His eloquent . . . — — Map (db m154338) HM|
|Established 1748 at nearby Tuckahoe Bridge in Queen Anne's County. Congregation built church here in 1768, but it fell into decline as influence of Methodism grew on Eastern Shore. Under guidance of Rev. Robert William Goldsborough, present Gothic . . . — — Map (db m3393) HM|
This sapling from the over
400 year old oak tree
(quercus alba) at Wye Mills, MD.
Planted April 1976 — — Map (db m73856) HM|
|Born here on Wiltshire Manor in Caroline County in 1780. Moved to Foxley Hall, Easton on 1795. He read law under Judge Marshall. He met Andrew Jackson traveling across the Eastern Shore to the United States Congress. He moved to Nashville Tennessee. . . . — — Map (db m46119) HM|
|Before 1679, Indians had a settlement here. Present village stands on parts of tracts once known as Paradise, Belmont, Huntington and Gore. Community was "Leonard's Wharf" c. 1855 and "Medford's Wharf" later. In 1883 Choptank Post Office was . . . — — Map (db m3375) HM|
| While the Choptank River could pose a troublesome barrier to those without a boat, others used the river as a path to freedom.
Josiah Bailey, an enslaved logger and shipbuilder, rowed six miles up the river. His destination was Poplar Neck, where . . . — — Map (db m79172) HM|
|Member Maryland Assembly 1773–76. Introduced bill forming Caroline County 1774 of which he was one of the Commissioners. Colonel of the “Flying Camp” of the Eastern Shore 1776. Fought at Harlem Heights. First Colonel 5th Maryland . . . — — Map (db m107815) HM|
| Harriet Tubman’s parents, Rit and Ben Ross, moved to Poplar Neck in 1847. Her father worked as a lumber foreman on Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s 2,200 heavily forested acres. Harriet probably made her first escape from this place in 1849, and she . . . — — Map (db m79173) HM|
|Refugees from slavery came here for temporary sanctuary.
Under the cover of darkness, they crept across these fields toward the home of Quaker Jacob and Hannah Leverton. The house, a rare, documented Underground Railroad station, still stands at . . . — — Map (db m79303) HM|
|Since the establishment of Hunting Creek Grist Mill prior to 1681, a mill on this site has served farmers. Known during the Revolutionary War as Murray’s Mill, it supplied provisions to the Continental Army. Linchester also was a Colonial Port of . . . — — Map (db m3366) HM|
|Daily life at and around Linchester Mill provided fertile yet dangerous ground for those seeking freedom.
The mill, a general store, post office and homes at this site brought whites and blacks, free and enslaved, into regular contact. Freedom and . . . — — Map (db m79299) HM|
|Linchester Mill borders Hunting Creek, a tributary of the Choptank River flowing into the Chesapeake Bay. This historic site provided a crossing for Native Americans who traveled the Choptank Indian Trail; colonists en route to the first Choptank . . . — — Map (db m79301) HM|
| After Quakers sold their meetinghouse to the local black community in 1849, the new owners established Mt. Pleasant Methodist Episcopal Church. The original church building has since burned, but the modern day congregation still uses the . . . — — Map (db m79178) HM|
| Mt. Pleasant M. E. Church served the communities of Preston, Elwood, Tanyard, Jonestown and Marsh Creek. The church grew spiritually and financially for many years fostering many local preachers.
Dedicated leaders of the Sunday School, choir, . . . — — Map (db m98434) HM|
|Started 1846 around Frazier's Chapel, an early Methodist Church, the land for which was purchased 1797. First called "Snowhill", the name was changed to Preston 1856, in honor of a prominent Baltimore lawyer. Preston was chartered as a town 1892. — — Map (db m3365) HM|
|Built by Rev. Freeborn Garrettson and Captain William Frazier. Early Methodist pastors included Jesse Lee, Joseph Everette and Bishops Francis Asbury and John Emory. Remodeled and named Bethesda 1849. Present church built 1875. Rebuilt 1958. — — Map (db m3362) HM|
| . . . — — Map (db m79174) HM|
|Among the factors that contributed to the coming of the Civil War was the increasing animosity between Southerners and Northerners over the issue of slavery. The operation of the Underground Railroad to help slaves escape to the free North and . . . — — Map (db m5411) HM|
|Common in the mid-19th century, this cabin is a rare survivor today. James H. and Mary Ann Webb built this one-room house in the 1850s, using materials found in the surrounding landscape. Hand-hewn log walls rest on a foundation of ballast stones . . . — — Map (db m79305) HM|
|The forests and waterways of the Eastern Shore, traditional land of the Choptank and Nanticoke Indians, provided the backup for the austere home life, backbreaking labor, and dramatic escapes of enslaved blacks.
Hundreds of acres of white oak, . . . — — Map (db m113807) HM|