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US Civil War Historical Markers

323 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 123
 
<i>Four guns...opened on us and a thousand rifles from the pits</i> Marker image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
Four guns...opened on us and a thousand rifles from the pits Marker
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Four guns...opened on us and a thousand rifles from the pits — Dyer Hitchcock, private, 23rd Wisconsin Infantry —
A bitter winter rain had turned the ground to mud. But the Confederate soldiers had to keep digging. These rifle pits, lying just a few feet from where you stand, were far from finished. Though exhausted and hungry, the soldiers were ordered to . . . — Map (db m107874) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — On they come like an irresistible thunder bolt William Heartsill, sergeant, 2nd Texas Cavalry
The Confederate scouts were alarmed. Looking down river to your right, one exclaimed, "One could hardly see anything in the background but smokestacks." Union soldiers disembarked from their transports. All night, knee deep in mud, they . . . — Map (db m108509) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Our ironclads and gunboats knocked the fort to piecesDavid D. Porter, rear admiral
You wouldn't have got us had it not been for your damned gunboats. John Dunnington, colonel, chief of ordnance Fort Hindman's cannon fired at the nine gunboats bearing down on them. Confederate gunners had . . . — Map (db m108072) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — 38,000 Reasons to Fight
Half the Yankees in the West [were coming]. Confederate scout I expected Mary would be a widow before I got 10 rods [55 yards]. . . . — Map (db m107858) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — American Townsite1805 — 1840Frontier Settlement and Territorial Capitol
In the early 1800's the land in front of you was an important center of trade and government on the edge of the Arkansas River wilderness. Here were the homes, stores, taverns, mills, docks, and busy streets of the Post of Arkansas. This . . . — Map (db m108428) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — The Arkansas Posts1686 — 1863Two Centuries of Settlement on the Arkansas River
Arkansas Post was not a single fort and trading center. From 1686 until 1863 there were no fewer than seven posts on the Arkansas River between here and the Missişsippi. The flags of five nations flew over them. The 1686 post . . . — Map (db m108464) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Where is Fort Hindman?
Standing here in January 1863, you would have seen Confederate Fort Hindman. In what is now the water, the fort stood atop a 25-foot high bluff The fort's cannon could fire a mile up or down the river to protect the breadbasket of Arkansas. The . . . — Map (db m108511) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Crocketts Bluff — Captain Alf Johnson's Spy Company
On this site from September 1862 to January 1863 was the encampment of a celebrated Texas cavalry company. Captain Alf Johnson's Spy company was active in conducting reconnaissance and small unit actions near Helena while maintaining vigilance on . . . — Map (db m107804) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Crocketts Bluff — Crocketts Bluff
Named for Captain Robert Crockett, grandson of the famous David (Davey) Crockett, this community was a flourishing river port during the second half of the 19th century. The Crockett Rifles (Company H, 1st Arkansas Infantry), first Confederate . . . — Map (db m107807) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Gillett — 10 — Battle of Arkansas Post
On January 9, 1863, Gen. John McClernand and Adm. David D. Porter led a 30,000 man army and a flotilla of Union gunboats up the Arkansas River to confront Gen. T.J. Churchill's 5,000 Confederates at Arkansas Post. The gunboats bombarded Fort Hindman . . . — Map (db m107701) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), St. Charles — Engagement at St. Charles
Here on June 17, 1862 a Federal fleet of eight vessels attempted to force its way upstream past Confederate shore defenses commanded by Captain Joseph Fry. The Confederates disabled the Union gunboat Mound City with heavy casualties before . . . — Map (db m107918) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), St. Charles — St. Charles Battle Monument
[Northeast face] Officers and men killed on the U.S.S. Mound City {List of 124 dead} [Northwest face] Near this spot, on June 17, 1862, a decisive engagement was fought between the Conf- ederates entrenched and the . . . — Map (db m108071) WM
Arkansas (Ashley County), Hamburg — 98 — Ashley County in the Civil War / 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment
Front Ashley County in the Civil War Thirteen companies were raised and organized in Ashley County for Confederate service during the Civil War: Co. F, 2nd Arkansas Cavalry; Cos. A, B, K and L, 3rd Arkansas Infantry; Co. F, 8th . . . — Map (db m107691) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Avoca — Dunagin's Farm
Here on February 17, 1862, Brig. Gen. Rains with the Fourth Arkansas Regiment and the Third Louisiana, ambushed the advance of the Federal army under Brig. Gen. Curtis killing 20 of his men and some 60 horses in his advancing cavalry. The . . . — Map (db m99707) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Avoca — Sesquicentennial Trail of the CenturiesBenton County Arkansas Sesquicentennial Monument 1836 - 1986 — Arkansas Sesquicentennial 1836 - 1986 —
800 AD • Trace of the Rock People 1808 • Osage Boundary 1815 • Lawrence County 1827-28 • Lovely County 1838 • Trail of Tears 1840 • Trott's Stand 1858 • Old Wire Road 1858-61 • Butterfield Stage Route 1861 • Troop Trails 1862 • . . . — Map (db m62485) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — Medal of Honor

The Medal of Honor is the highest Military decoration awarded by the United States. It is bestowed on a member of the American Armed Forces, who distinguishes himself or herself conspicuously by gallantry and intrepidity at the risk of his life . . . — Map (db m90869) HM WM

Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — The War Between the States

The immediate cause of the War Between the States was the election of Abraham Lincoln to the Presidency of the United States in 1860. The deeper cause, however, was the issue of states' rights. The question of states' rights was based on the . . . — Map (db m91678) HM

Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — United States Commanders in Chief

[Written on the initial marker, provided for context] Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . — Map (db m92389) HM WM

Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — United States Commanders in Chief

[Written on the initial marker, provided for context] Our Constitution names the President of the United States the Commander in Chief of all the Armed Forces. Presidents who have served in our military are displayed on the following . . . — Map (db m92400) HM WM

Arkansas (Benton County), Bentonville — Confederate Memorial
All 4 sides Confederate Side 1 To the Southern Soldiers Side 2 Their names are borne on honor's shield. Their record is with God. Side 3 They fought for home and fatherland. Side . . . — Map (db m21242) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bentonville — Eagle Hotel
On the morning of March 6, 1862, Gen. Franz Sigel was eating his breakfast at the Eagle Hotel which stood on this site. He had remained here with 600 men and a battery of six pieces after the main column of his army had passed through Bentonville on . . . — Map (db m22447) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bentonville — Terry Block
Terry Block Bldg. circa 1888, named for Col. William Terry housed the Benton County Bank and a Mercantile Company — Map (db m54309) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — "Dat De Shpot, Sergent!"March 8, 1862 - Morning
I saw General Sigel sight one piece...and send a shot at the [rebel] guns that had driven us back...It went tearing in among the men and horses, killing and wounding both, and then exploded in one of the caissons...Placing his glass to his eye to . . . — Map (db m35684) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Crisis in CommandMarch 7, 1862 - Afternoon
We must not let the men know that General McCulloch is killed. Benjamin Pixley, Lieutenant, 16th Arkansas Infantry The general in charge of this half of the Confederate army - Texan Ben McCulloch - had formed his division, some 7,000 strong, . . . — Map (db m35559) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Fierce Tangle in Morgan's WoodsMarch 7, 1862 - Late Afternoon
...this battle...was a mass of mixed up confusion from beginning to end...Would to God it was night or reinforcements would come. William Watson, sergeant, 3rd Louisiana Infantry Regiment Four regiments of volunteers from Arkansas and . . . — Map (db m35566) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Long, Cold Hungry MarchMarch 4, 5, 6, 1862
I don't believe they ever made a harder march during the Revolution than we made that night. Jack Bower, private, 2nd Missouri Regiment The 16,000-strong Confederate Army of the West spent most of the first week of March 1862 trudging on . . . — Map (db m35614) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Perfect Storm of Shot and ShellMarch 8, 1862 - Morning
...[the Yankees] opened a perfect storm of round and shrapnell shot and shell...[the ground] was literally ploughed up by cannon ball...It is a perfect miracle that any of us ever came out. John J. Good, captain, Dallas Texas Light Artillery, . . . — Map (db m35672) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — A Village Full of Wounded MenMarch 7, 1862 - Late Afternoon
Entering a little clearing, we discovered the yellow hospital flags fluttering from the gables of every house in the hamlet of Leetown, and the surgeons busy with the sad, yet humane task that was theirs to perform. Lyman G. Bennett, private, . . . — Map (db m35503) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — City of Soldiers
In early March 1862, these now quiet fields bustled with the clamor and constant motion of an army headquarters in time of battle. Soldiers drilled, cleaned guns, and checked ammunition. Scouts and couriers rode in to report. Officers convened for . . . — Map (db m35476) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Confederate SunsetMarch 7, 1862 - Sunset
As the sun set on the first day of battle, about 3,000 rebels from Missouri made their final charge here. Crossing Ben Ruddick's stubbled cornfield, they ran straight toward the muzzles of Federal cannon set wheel hub to wheel hub against a line of . . . — Map (db m35671) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Disastrous RetreatMarch 8, 1862 - Afternoon
It took two weeks for the stunned survivors of the Confederate Army of the West to make their way from here back to rendezvous on the Arkansas River. In late March 1862 General Van Dorn was ordered to take his army east to Mississippi. This left . . . — Map (db m35666) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Elkhorn Tavern TakenMarch 7, 1862 - Early Afternoon
Confederate commander Earl Van Dorn had pushed his army relentlessly for a week to catch the Union army by surprise. Now, after hours of hard fighting up the Telegraph Road, here in sight of Elkhorn Tavern, Van Dorn gambled by committing all his . . . — Map (db m37756) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Fiery Finale on Ruddick's Field
The first day's fighting ended at sunset on the large open field you see in the distance below. The half of the Confederate army that had circled completely around Big Mountain - where you now stand - had fought hard all day to force their way up . . . — Map (db m35616) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Getting Ready To FightMarch 6, 1862 - Late Afternoon
General Samuel Curtis had only 10,500 troops to hold back a Confederate army of more than 16,000 men moving toward him. Curtis had asked army headquarters in St. Louis for reinforcements. None could be sent. At the last minute, Union soldiers dug . . . — Map (db m35496) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Hard Fighting Near Leetown
The families who lived outside Leetown, Arkansas first heard shots fired on the far side of Little Mountain, the low wooded rise you see to the right. Half of the Confederate Army of the West was marching eastward on Ford Road, moving this way. To . . . — Map (db m35639) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — It was the Grandest Thing I Ever Saw...
It was extremely rare in the Civil War to be able to see an entire army lined up for a fight, with all the regiments within sight of each other. Had you stood here on Saturday, March 8, 1862, you could have see 10,000 Union men in battle lines . . . — Map (db m35622) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Leetown
The small hamlet near here included two stores, a blacksmith shop, Masonic hall, church, school and several residences. During the fighting some of the buildings were used by the Union Army as hospitals. — Map (db m35505) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Lifeline for Two Armies
Elkhorn Tavern overlooks a highway of vital importance for Arkansas and Missouri during the Civil War. Union and Confederate leaders both wanted this 20-foot-wide dirt road to move men and supplies. Alongside the road ran 3-year-old telegraph wires, . . . — Map (db m35660) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Night Moves
I have ordered Generals Sigel and Davis to move with their divisions during the night and form on the left of Carr's division ... and be ready to renew the battle at daylight. The enemy will concentrate his whole force at Elk Horn; we will fight . . . — Map (db m35619) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Pea RidgeConfederate Monument
(Front):The Brave Confederate dead who fell on this field Mar., 6,7, & 8 1862.The graves of our dead with the grass evergreen May yet form the footstool of Liberty's throne; And each single rock in the war-path of Alight. Small yet be a rock . . . — Map (db m35652) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Potts' Hill
On the Arkansas—Missouri line where the Telegraph Road entered ten-mile long Cross Timber Hollow, on February 16, 1862, occurred the first skirmish on Benton County soil. Brig. Gen. Curtis’ Federal army overtook the rear guard of Maj. Gen. . . . — Map (db m99705) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Remembrance and Reunion
The two stone monuments you see here reflect the long-lasting grief - and the hopes - of the generation of Americans who survived the Civil War. After the war, young men whose lives had been forever changed by this battle began returning to these . . . — Map (db m35642) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Reunited Soldiery Monument
(Front):Angel AloftSpirit of eternal light Keep silent vigil o'er the brave The untarnished blue. The unsullied gray. In peace and love unite. Proud heroes have fallen And over their grave Our hearts are united Our country to save. Over . . . — Map (db m35644) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Save the Cannon!March 7, 1862 - Mid-Morning
Like maddened hornets, Confederate infantrymen boiled out of Morgan's Woods, crossed Leetown Road, and swarmed toward the six Federal cannon that had unlimbered in this corner of Oberson's cornfield. Captain William Black stood in front of the . . . — Map (db m35562) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Slaughter in the RocksMarch 8, 1862 - Morning
Below you here stand 30-foot-tall columns of stone. Bone-tired Confederates of the 2nd Missouri Brigade took shelter amid these rocky dens after the first day's hard marching and fighting. What at first seemed like a good natural defense became a . . . — Map (db m35638) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Stand to Your Posts!March 7, 1862 - Mid-Morning
Officers and men, you have it in your power to make or prevent another Bull Run affair. I want every man to stand to his post! Nicholas Greusel, colonel, 36th Illinois Infantry Regiment Yankee cavalrymen, mauled from a sharp fight with 7,000 . . . — Map (db m35591) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — That Beautiful ChargeMarch 8, 1862 - Mid-Morning
That beautiful charge I shall never forget; with banners streaming, with drums beating, and our long line of blue coats advancing upon the double quick, with their deadly bayonets gleaming in the sunlight, and every man and officer yelling at the . . . — Map (db m35677) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — The Enemy Is Behind Us!March 7, 1862 - Mid-Morning
It was still below freezing at 10:30 a.m. March 7, 1862, when an alarmed messenger thundered into Union headquarters. The news he carried was startling: Confederates were moving down the Telegraph Road a mile north of Elkhorn Tavern. All of . . . — Map (db m35459) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Two Armies Collide
Imagine 7,000 Confederate troops crowded in close order along Ford Road, the lane you see on the right edge of this field. As they trudged east toward Elkhorn Tavern, a small Union force of Iowa cavalrymen - only 600 men - unexpectedly appeared from . . . — Map (db m37755) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — U.S. Army Headquarters 1862
This site was the camp-ground for commanding officers and headquarters of U.S. Army for Battle of Pea Ridge. Here councils of war were held. Camp for 10,500 soldiers. U.S. Army located 1 ½ miles south. Depot of supplies 1 mile north of this . . . — Map (db m35688) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Vulnerable in VictoryMarch 7, 1862 - Mid-Night
It was the fiery end of the best day of Earl Van Dorn's 20 years as a professional soldier. Bone-tired from the jarring of a week-long ambulance ride and still feverish from pneumonia, the Confederate commander lay down here in the side yard of . . . — Map (db m35661) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Where I Knew I Might Make the Best Fight
The high bluffs here on Little Sugar Creek were a scene of frantic activity on the morning of March 6, 1862 as Federal soldiers shoveled out rifle pits and cut down trees for hasty field fortifications. With no hope of reinforcements from St. . . . — Map (db m35690) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Original Site of Bloomington (Mudtown) Arkansas
Front Mar. 20, 1839 Trail of Tears Mar. 8, 1847 Robinson's Crossroads First Post Office Feb. 5, 1858 Name changed to Bloomington Sept. 18, 1858 Butterfield Stage Stop to 1861 Dec. 9, 1862 Civil War Skirmishes Aug. 24, 1864 "Camp . . . — Map (db m33712) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Lowell — Rev. James M. Ingram(abt. 1826 - Sept. 4, 1870)
James Miller Ingram was a captain in the Confederate 6th Provisional Cavalry Partisan Rangers. Years after the war ended, as a self-taught minister he went to preach at a church and was murdered - shot in the back by 19 year old John M. Stone. . . . — Map (db m68790) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Maysville — Camp Walker
This camp was established in June, 1861, by Brig. Gen. Nicholas Bart Pierce, a Benton County man, to train recruits from Western Arkansas and the Indian Nation. He was a West Point graduate. Many Arkansas units, Greer's Texas regiment, . . . — Map (db m77950) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Maysville — The Battle of Maysville
Occurred on Oct. 22, 1862. While Gen. James G. Blunt was encamped on the old Pea Ridge battlefield, word came that Gen. Douglas H. Cooper and Col. Stand Watie's Indian regiment were at old Fort Wayne across the line from Maysville. On Oct. 20 he . . . — Map (db m52281) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Pea Ridge — Texas Memorial
Texas Remembers the Valor and Devotion of Her Sons Who Served at Elkhorn Tavern (Pea Ridge), Arkansas March 7-8, 1862 In Van Dorn’s attack of March 7, these Texas units under Brig. Gen. Ben McCulloch assaulted the Union right center: . . . — Map (db m99763) WM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — Cross Hollows
This post office was established in 1843. Nov. 29, 1861, Gen. Ben McCulloch moved his army into winter quarters here. Numerous, large, two-room, plank barracks were built in two rows facing each other, extending eastward more than a mile. Ten or . . . — Map (db m68788) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — Cross Hollows
This site was donated to the Benton County Historical Society by Scarlett Biggs Wilson and Lara Wilson Rosenblum in honor of their parents/grandparents, Guy and Nell Biggs, early pioneers of the Cross Hollows area. Cross Hollows is recognized for . . . — Map (db m68789) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — 83 — Van Winkle's Mill

Peter Van Winkle’s saw mill cut lumber for Confederate soldiers’ winter quarters at Cross Hollow and Oxford Bend in early 1862. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Confederates used the mill to grind corn after their March 1862 defeat at Pea Ridge, and . . . — Map (db m90738) HM

Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — War Eagle Mill1832 ~ 1838 ~ 1873 ~ 1973
In 1832, Sylvanus Blackburn left Tennessee with a wagon and four oxen, and came to the War Eagle River valley in Arkansas. He spent the winter building a log home and clearing the land of his homestead. He brought his wife from Tennessee the next . . . — Map (db m50367) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), War Eagle — War Eagle Mills
Sylvanus Blackburn came to the War Eagle in 1832. By 1838 he had a saw mill, a grist mill, and a house. Peter Van Winkle came about 1850. By 1860, this was a thriving crossroads. March 8, 1862, Generals Van Dorn and Price, retreating from the . . . — Map (db m19492) HM
Arkansas (Boone County), Everton — 31 — Skirmish at Rolling Prairie
On Jan. 21, 1864, Sgt. Isaac T. Jones led 24 men of the 11th Missouri Cavalry Volunteers into north Arkansas to bring dispatches to other Missouri troops operating against bushwhackers in the region. Jones and his men were near Rolling Prairie on . . . — Map (db m141611) HM
Arkansas (Boone County), Harrison — Boone County Confederate Memorial
"This monument perpetuates the memory of those who true to the instincts of their birth, faithful to the teachings of their fathers, constant in their love for the state, died in the performance of their duty, who have glorified a fallen cause by . . . — Map (db m143894) WM
Arkansas (Boone County), Harrison — 26 — Boone County Men Served Both Armies / Military Activity in Boone County
Boone County Men Served Both Armies

During the Civil War (1861-1865), most of Boone Co. was part of Carroll with a small part in Marion Co. Local men served in both armies. There was a lot of military activity. The "Joe Wright Guards", . . . — Map (db m141558) HM

Arkansas (Carroll County), Carrollton — "Old" Carrollton
Settled 1833, was on the much-traveled Carrollton-Forsyth-Springfield road during the Civil War. A training center for Southern troops, it was important in movement of troops and supplies. Guerrilla warfare ravaged the area. Skirmishes occurred . . . — Map (db m141597) HM
Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — 18 — Civil War Healing
The Eureka Springs area's reputation as a health resort has its origins in the Civil War. Late 19th-century accounts claim Dr. Alvah Jackson treated sick and wounded soldiers during the war. In early 1865, Maj. J. W. Cooper, who led Confederate . . . — Map (db m59967) HM
Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — Clayton-Becker House

Crescent Cottage on the National Register of Historic Places

Built in 1881 Home of Powell Clayton, the first governor of Arkansas after the state was readmitted to the Union following the War Between the States

Owners . . . — Map (db m80139) HM

Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Chicot County Confederate MonumentCSA — 1861 - 1865 —
Front (West side) "To the Confederate soldiers of Chicot County, the record of whose sublime self sacrifice and undying devotion is the proud heritage of a loyal posterity." Rear (East side)   We care not . . . — Map (db m90255) WM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — 79 — Lakeport in the Civil War
When Arkansas went to war in 1861, Lycurgus and Lydia Johnson and their family stayed with their home at Lakeport. By 1862, U.S. gunboats were common on the Mississippi River, and on Sept. 6, 1862, Confederate troops burned 158 bales of cotton at . . . — Map (db m89797) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Saunders-Pettit-Chapman-Cook Plantation Home
This home was built about the year 1848 for John H. Saunders and his wife Martha A. Pettit Saunders. During the Civil War engagement at Ditch Bayou in 1864 the house was used as a hospital for soldiers of both armies. A number of military dead were . . . — Map (db m107737) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — The Battle at Ditch Bayou
It is the morning of June 6, 1864. Rain has created a muddy mess. To your left are four cannon. To your right are 600 cavalrymen and two more cannon. These men served under Confederate Colonel Colten Greene. To your front is Ditch Bayou, and 700 . . . — Map (db m90432) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — The Casualties at Ditch Bayou June 6, 1864
The battle at Ditch Bayou was a Federal effort to drive Confederates away from the Mississippi River, where the Confederates had been harassing Union shipping. Even though the Confederates were outnumbered here, they were able to inflict heavy . . . — Map (db m90418) HM
Arkansas (Clark County), Arkadelphia — Clark County Confederate MemorialC. S. A. — 1861 — 1865 —
East face When the last trumpet is sounded, may each one answer the roll call of the heavenly army. South face "The principles for which they fought live eternally." erected by the Harris Flanagin Chapter, . . . — Map (db m121961) WM
Arkansas (Clark County), Arkadelphia — Skirmish at Bozeman's House
Near this site on April 1, 1864 Confederate General Joseph O. Shelby caught up with and attacked the rear guard of Union General Frederick Steeles army. Union General Samuel A. Rice, in charge of the supply, pontoon and brigade trains, rushed to . . . — Map (db m121180) HM
Arkansas (Clark County), Caddo Valley — 65 — Confederate Manufacturing / The Military Road
(Side One) Confederate Manufacturing Arkadelphia was a manufacturing center for Confederate Arkansas early in the Civil War. Gen. Thomas Hindman established a powder works and an arsenal in 1862, producing guns, cannon, bullets, . . . — Map (db m96557) HM
Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff in the Civil WarRaids of March-April 1863
On March 10, 1863 Union cavalry captured the ferry after a three-hour fight. They burned buildings and stores of corn in Chalk Bluff and destroyed a large uncompleted ferry boat. Two weeks later on March 24 Union cavalry returned to Chalk Bluff and . . . — Map (db m4906) HM
Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff in the Civil WarBattle of May 1-2, 1863
In April 1863 a Confederate army of 5000 men commanded by General John S. Marmaduke advanced into Missouri. Forced to retreat before superior Union forces, the Confederates on May 1-2 fought a successful delaying action here while their army crossed . . . — Map (db m4911) HM
Arkansas (Clay County), St. Francis — Chalk Bluff in the Civil WarSkirmish of May 15, 1862
Chalk Bluff occupied a strategic position during the Civil War. Its cliffs commanded a vital river crossing on the only major road from Missouri into the Crowley's Ridge country. Provisions were collected here and shipped downstream to Confederate . . . — Map (db m18186) HM
Arkansas (Cleburne County), Heber Springs — 49 — The Civil War in Cleburne County / Troops Raised in Cleburne County
The Civil War in Cleburne County

Cleburne County was infested with bands of bushwhackers who would prey on both military and civilian targets. Union troops operating in the area also seized food from civilians. Guerrillas ambushed 35 . . . — Map (db m141586) HM

Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — 76 — Battle of Marks' Mills / Marks Family Experience
Battle of Marks' Mills On April 23, 1864, a Union force with 240 wagons left Camden to get supplies from Pine Bluff for Gen. Frederick Steele's army. Gen. James Fagan's Confederate cavalrymen ambushed them at Marks' Mills on April 25. . . . — Map (db m121150) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — E-27 — Cleveland County Battle of Mark's Mill
The Battle of Mark's Mill, fought here on April 25, 1864, was a complete Confederate victory. General James F. Fagan's Confederate cavalry having surprised and captured a Union army of 2,000 men and 240 wagon loads of supplies. General Powell . . . — Map (db m121283) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — Shelby's Approach
Approaching Marks Mills from the south General Joe Shelby's Missouri Division was ordered to move to the right in order to block the Marks Mills to Mt Elba Road preventing The Union forces from escaping across the Saline River. Guided by . . . — Map (db m121660) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — The Battle at Marks' Mill
Early on the morning of April 25, the Confederates blocked the Pine Bluff Road near the Marks family home and mills. The first Union wagons arrived around 9:30 a.m. The Confederates shot the horses and driver of the lead Union wagon and launched the . . . — Map (db m121327) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — The Battle Had Begun!
Facts After getting in the neighborhood of the supply train Gen. Shelby was ordered on the road leading to Mount Elba to intercept the train and attack the front. Cabell's Brigade moved up to the road leading direct to Marks' Mills. As they . . . — Map (db m121658) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — The Battle of Marks' Mill
Front Fought here on April 25, 1864 was a complete Confederate victory General James F. Fagan's Division of Confederate cavalry surprised and captured a Union supply train of 2000 men and 240 wagonloads of supplies. General . . . — Map (db m121310) HM WM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — The Union Wagon Train Leaves Camden
In March of 1864, the Union Army began the Red River Campaign, a plan to subdue Arkansas and Louisiana and capture Texas cotton for northern mills. By mid-April, the Arkansas arm of the campaign was stalled in Camden. A Union foraging party and . . . — Map (db m121311) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — Witnesses to War
So many horses and soldiers were killed that Salty Branch ran red with blood. In 1864, Camden was a large town on the Ouachita River, as was Pine Bluff on the Arkansas River. Moro Bay, to the south, was the largest cotton shipping point . . . — Map (db m121330) HM
Arkansas (Columbia County), Magnolia — 24 — Gen. John Porter McCown
John P. McCown was born Aug. 19, 1815, in Sevierville, Tenn. An 1840 graduate of West Point, he served in the Mexican and Seminole wars before resigning from the U.S. Army on May 17, 1861. McCown joined the Confederate army, rising to the rank of . . . — Map (db m121139) HM
Arkansas (Conway County), Plummerville — 100 — Conway County in the Civil War / Murder of John Clayton
Side 1 Conway County in the Civil War Conway County men served in both the Union and Confederate armies in the Civil War. Co. I, 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles, Co. B, Carroll’s Cavalry, Co. I, 36th Arkansas Infantry, . . . — Map (db m96451) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 95 — Last Confederate Veteran
The last Confederate veteran living in Arkansas, William Murphy Loudermilk, is buried here in Keller’s Chapel Cemetery. Private Loudermilk, who was born Oct. 17, 1847, joined a North Carolina regiment in the Army of Tennessee at age 16 and fought at . . . — Map (db m116195) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 1 — The Battle of Jonesboro
The Battle of Jonesboro took place at the Craighead County Court House in Jonesboro, Arkansas, on August 2, 1862. Company I, 30th Arkansas Infantry of the Fifth Trans-Mississippi Confederate army, under the command of Captain Mitchel A. Adair, . . . — Map (db m116608) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 96 — Troops Raised in Craighead County
Several companies were raised in Craighead County for the Confederate army. Co. I of the 13th Arkansas Infantry – the “Confederate Grays” – formed in 1861. A company of the 23rd Arkansas Infantry and Co. I of the 30th . . . — Map (db m116186) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Courthouse
The companies of soldiers that came out of Van Buren were formed at this historic landmark. It is also the site where some infantry and Calvary units camped and drilled. There were nine different companies that were formed in Crawford County. . . . — Map (db m96864) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Crawford County War Memorial
On this lawn was erected our first Courthouse in 1841 and has been the scene for many events during the wars in which Crawford County boys fought. Mexican War, 1846. War Between the States, 1861-1865. Spanish American War, 1898. . . . — Map (db m96859) WM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Fairview Cemetery
The Battle of Prairie Grove was a grim moment for the Confederate Army. This conflict severed all chances for the South to use Northwest Arkansas as a route to invade Missouri. The shattered and defeated soldiers retreated from Prairie Grove to Van . . . — Map (db m96617) HM WM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Fairview Cemetery Confederate Memorial
Erected in memory of our Confederate soldiers from Ark., Tex., La., Mo., and Indian territory, who lost their lives in the Battles of Oak Hill, Elk Horn, and Prairie Grove. — Map (db m96632) WM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Log Town Hill
The residents of Log Town were witness to the retreat of the Rebel army through Van Buren and onward through their settlement. High on Log Town Hill the community watched as masses of Southern soldiers crowded the hill trying desperately to reach . . . — Map (db m96614) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — 127 — Van Buren Raid
After the Dec. 7, 1862, Battle of Prairie Grove, the Union Frontier Division set out to strike Confederate forces on the Arkansas River. On Dec. 27, 8,000 Union troops headed south through the Boston Mountains. They hit Van Buren on Dec. 28 and . . . — Map (db m119954) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Crawfordsville — Crawfordsville
Named for Adolphus Fountain Crawford Born Aug. 15, 1848 Died Feb. 21, 1876 Confederate soldier of Arkansas, he fought under Gen. Price.Map (db m116177) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — Confederate Soldier's Memorial1861     1865
In memory of Crittenden County's Confederate soldiers — Map (db m116361) WM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — Confederate Soldier's MemorialErected 1936 — Courthouse Square Walking Trail —
This granite marker on the south lawn was erected by Crittenden County United Daughters of the Confederacy, and dedicated October 4, 1936, as a memorial to those who served with Confederate military during the War Between the States. The magnolia . . . — Map (db m116781) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — Military Road
First Highway constructed in Arkansas, Hopefield to Little Rock, extended to Fort Smith and into Indian Territory, (Oklahoma). Built by the United States under supervision of the Quartermasters Department of the United States Army. Survey was . . . — Map (db m116549) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — 62 — The Sultana Tragedy
On April 27, 1865, the steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River. She was heading north, dangerously overloaded with some 2,200 passengers, most of them freed Union prisoners of war from the Andersonville and Cahaba camps. A . . . — Map (db m116352) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — The Loss of the Sultana
Early on April 27, 1865, the overcrowded steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River near Marion, Arkansas. The vast majority of the Sultana's passengers, believed to number over 2000, were Federal soldiers, recently released . . . — Map (db m116356) HM
Arkansas (Cross County), Wittsburg — 28 — Wittsburg in the Civil War
After Arkansas seceded from the Union in May 1861, Confederate officers began to recruit in the Wittsburg area. Companies B, D, F and K of the 5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment were organized at Wittsburg June 12-14, 1861. David Cross, for whom Cross . . . — Map (db m116179) HM
Arkansas (Dallas County), Fordyce — 106 — Road to Marks' Mills / Battle of Marks' Mills
Road to Marks' Mills Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army set out from Little Rock on March 23, 1864, to join a second army in Louisiana and invade Texas. He made it as far as modern-day Prescott before turning toward Camden in hopes of . . . — Map (db m121222) HM
Arkansas (Dallas County), Leola — 117 — Skirmish at Guesses Creek
Front Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army left Camden on April 26, 1864, starting a retreat to Little Rock. Confederate pursuers caught up with them on April 29 on the Jenkins’ Ferry Road and began skirmishing. Union gunners of the 2nd . . . — Map (db m121168) HM
Arkansas (Dallas County), Tulip — 48 — Arkansas Military Institute / Tulip in the Civil War
Arkansas Military Institute The state legislature chartered the Arkansas Military Institute in 1850, and the school was built on Chapel Ridge in Tulip. Cadets had to be over 14 and at least 4 feet 9 inches tall. Classes included Latin, . . . — Map (db m121218) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — 64 — Skirmish at Amos Bayou
In mid-February 1863, Confederate troops at Cypress Bend fired on Union transports on the Mississippi River. On Feb. 19, a force of Union cavalry and mule-mounted infantry set out in pursuit. The Union troops drove off enemy pickets before . . . — Map (db m107693) HM
Arkansas (Drew County), Monticello — 91 — Drew County Troops
(side 1) Sixteen Confederate companies were raised in Drew County during the Civil War. Two, the "Confederate Stars" and "Selma Rifles," joined the 3rd Arkansas Infantry and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia. Three, the "Cut-off . . . — Map (db m85087) HM
Arkansas (Drew County), Monticello — Monticello Confederate Monument
To the Confederate Soldiers of Drew County. 1861—1865 Furl that banner! True, 'tis gory, yet 'tis wreathed around with glory, and 'twill live in song and story, though its folds are in the dust. Father Ryan . . . — Map (db m85093) WM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 82 — Cadron in the Civil War
Confederate forces used Cadron as a base in the war’s early years, and Union troops were here after taking Little Rock in September 1863. The site was valuable for the saw and grist mills nearby, the telegraph line that ran to Little Rock, and the . . . — Map (db m96452) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 78 — Faulkner County in the Civil War
Front Faulkner County had divided loyalties during the Civil War. Soon after the war started, Col. A.R. Witt helped organize several companies for the 10th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.). After fighting at Shiloh, the 10th was captured at Port . . . — Map (db m119987) HM
Arkansas (Franklin County), Ozark — 120 — Skirmishes at Roseville
On March 29, 1864, troops of the 30th Texas Cavalry and local partisans attacked the Union post at Roseville south of here, burning 133 bales of cotton and two cotton gins. They returned in force on May 4 and drove the defending troops of the 2nd . . . — Map (db m119956) HM
Arkansas (Garland County), Hot Springs — Site of the State Capitol of Arkansas
Site of The State Capitol of Arkansas July 2-14-1862 When Federal troops advanced on Little Rock, Governor Henry Massie Rector moved his staff and records here. Erected by the Garland County Association of the Arkansas . . . — Map (db m122573) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Battle of Jenkins' Ferry
Erected in memory of the soldiers of the Confederacy, who gave their lives for the cause at the Battle of Jenkins Ferry, April 30, 1864, Dedicated September 19, 1928, by the James F. Fagan and Jenkins Ferry Chapters of the United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m37303) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 112 — Confederate Headquarters / Confederate Flank Attack
Confederate Headquarters Confederate Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith led troops from Louisiana on a forced march to attack Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army as it crossed the Saline River to retreat to Little Rock. He arrived here on April 29, . . . — Map (db m121215) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 110 — General Samuel Rice / Confederate Cannons Captured
General Samuel Rice Samuel A. Rice, then Iowa’s attorney general, organized the 33rd Iowa Infantry Regiment in the summer of 1862 and was named its colonel. Stationed in Helena, Rice played a prominent role in the July 4, 1863 battle there . . . — Map (db m121203) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 113 — Jenkins Ferry / Pontoon Bridge
Jenkins Ferry In 1846, Thomas Jenkins paid the Saline County clerk $1 to register to “keep a ferry” and charge travelers to cross the Saline near the mouth of Cox’s Creek when the river was at flood stage. Gen. Frederick . . . — Map (db m121204) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 115 — Officers Killed / Union Wounded
Officers Killed Gen. J.G. Walker’s Texas Division made the final Confederate attack in the April 30, 1864, battle of Jenkins’ Ferry. Its three brigades, led by Gen. William Read Scurry, Gen. Thomas N. Waul and Col. Horace Randal, charged . . . — Map (db m121207) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Red River CampaignBattle of Jenkins' Ferry
Tablet #1 Jenkins' Ferry State Park Act 10 of 1961 authorized this 37-acre state park as a commemorative site and recreation area. The park includes the ferry site where you are standing. The ferry was operated by the Jenkins' family . . . — Map (db m37304) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Prattsville — 116 — Clash at Whitten's Mill
Front Both Union and Confederate cavalry moved north of Jenkins’ Ferry on April 29, 1864. Lt. Col. Benjamin Elliott’s 1st Missouri Cavalry Battalion had been sent to Princeton on the 28th to seek Gen. Frederick Steele’s army as it . . . — Map (db m121182) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Sheridan — 114 — Refugee Children / Supplies Destroyed
Refugee Children Many African Americans fleeing slavery were with Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army as it retreated to Little Rock. As army wagons became stuck in the thick mud, so too did wagons with refugee children. Some were . . . — Map (db m121183) HM
Arkansas (Hot Spring County), Malvern — 122 — Bridging the Ouachita River
Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army from Little Rock on March 23, 1864, to join an invasion of Texas. Confederate skirmishers harassed the army as it reached Rockport March 27. An inflatable pontoon bridge, in 34 wagons and served by men of the . . . — Map (db m121148) HM
Arkansas (Howard County), Center Point — Center Point
Near this spot in 1837 Robert Messer built the first house in Center Point. A few years later John Russey opened the first store. Center Point acquired its name and post office in 1848, and became an incorporated town in 1859. Held by the . . . — Map (db m121163) HM
Arkansas (Howard County), Center Point — 126 — Howard County in the Civil War
At least four Confederate companies were recruited in what is now Howard County, including three serving in the 19th Arkansas Infantry, which trained near Center Point. The 19th Arkansas was part of the garrison at Arkansas Post when it was . . . — Map (db m121146) HM
Arkansas (Independence County), Batesville — 14 — Batesville During The Civil War
Union soldiers occupied Batesville twice during the Civil War. Gen. Samuel Curtis's Army of the Southwest camped near this site in May 1862 while threatening Little Rock. Union troops were impressed with the town's culture and appearance, saying . . . — Map (db m70557) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — Jacksonport in the Civil War
Jacksonport was one of the main mustering points for the Confederate army in Arkansas. Throughout the war both armies contended for possession of this strategic port located at the center of the White and Black river trade. The Confederate attack on . . . — Map (db m116206) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — 60 — Shelling of Jacksonport
In spring 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas Hindman sent the C.S.S. Maurepas under Capt. Joseph Fry up the White River to destroy Union supplies at Jacksonport and Grand Glaize. Fry arrived on June 2, 1862, and began shelling Jacksonport. Union . . . — Map (db m116187) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — Surrender at Jacksonport
Here on June 5, 1865 Confederate General Jeff Thompson formally surrendered the army of Northern Arkansas to Union military authorities. More than five thousand officers and enlisted men who served under Thompson were paroled here, as were several . . . — Map (db m116199) HM
Arkansas (Jefferson County), Pine Bluff — Battle of Pine Bluff
During the morning and early afternoon of October 25, 1863, Colonel Powell Clayton commander of federal troops occupying Pine Bluff, successfully repulsed a three-pronged confederate attack of forces of General John S. Marmaduke. Cotton bales . . . — Map (db m30578) HM
Arkansas (Johnson County), Clarksville — 103 — Clarksville in the Civil War / Depredations
Side 1 Clarksville in the Civil War Clarksville was a key point in the defense of the Arkansas River Valley during the Civil War. Confederate troops occupied the town several times before Union forces took Little Rock . . . — Map (db m96447) HM
Arkansas (Lee County), Marianna — H-5 — Lee County
The site of Marianna was acquired through a deed from Mary Ann Harland and the heirs of her first husband, Daniel Martin. The town was named in her memory. She was born in Kentucky May 6, 1802: died October 25, 1857. The first court house in Lee . . . — Map (db m116135) HM
Arkansas (Lee County), Marianna — Lee County Confederate Monument — General Robert E. Lee —
South face  “Fidelis Fortissimus.” 1861 1865 Erected by D. G. Govan Chapter U. D. C. In loving memory, of Lee County's Confederate Soldiers. ______ "No braver bled for a brighter land . . . — Map (db m117504) WM
Arkansas (Lee County), Moro — 44 — Moro in the Civil War / Prelude to Helena
Moro in the Civil War The town of Moro was established in 1850 and about 700 people lived here and nearby when the Civil War began in 1861. Union troops from the 1st Indiana, 1st Missouri, 9th Illinois, 5th Kansas, 2nd Wisconsin, and 3rd . . . — Map (db m116247) HM
Arkansas (Lincoln County), Tyro — 81 — The Orphan Company
In 1861, John G. Gibson recruited a company at Tyro, Ark., that would become Co. H, 3rd Arkansas Infantry, nicknamed the Orphan Company, in the Army of Northern Virginia. Thirty-three Arkansas men joined in 1861, 22 in 62, and one in 63. Kentuckians . . . — Map (db m107698) HM
Arkansas (Little River County), Richmond — 42 — Confederate Camp at Richmond / Richmond Church and Cemetery
Confederate Camp at Richmond On Aug. 28, 1864, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price led an army from Camden on a raid that took them through Missouri, Kansas and the Indian Territory before they returned to Arkansas at Laynesport in Little . . . — Map (db m121143) HM
Arkansas (Logan County), Paris — 47 — Skirmish at Haguewood Prairie
In late September 1863, Confederate Col. J.O. Shelby's cavalry headed north to raid into Missouri. On Sept. 27, 1863, Shelby's scouts found Co. H, 1st Arkansas Infantry (U.S.) camped at Haguewood Prairie near present-day Paris. The Union troops . . . — Map (db m129518) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Austin — 138 — Austin in the Civil War
As the Civil War began, the Caroline Home Guard formed at Austin on June 29, 1861. The “Austin Rifles” became Co. I, 5th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A. Both Union and Confederate troops camped at Austin during the war and Federal troops tore . . . — Map (db m116330) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Carlisle — 90 — Action at Ashley's Station
On Aug. 24, 1864, Confederate Gen. J.O. Shelby and his men, wearing captured Union uniforms, attacked a series of forts protecting hay-cutting operations between modern-day Carlisle and Hazen. Confederate artillery blasted the forts held by the 54th . . . — Map (db m96453) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — A Gun for All Reasons3-inch Gun was light, accurate and lethal
The 3-inch Ordnance Rifle was also known as the ordnance rifle, the ordnance gun, the Griffen gun, and was sometimes erroneously referred to as the Rodman rifle. The gun was invented by John Griffen, superintendent of the Safe Harbor Iron Works in . . . — Map (db m65711) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — Battle of Brownsville
On August 25, 1863 U.S. and Confederate Cavalry clashed near here. The initial battle involving approximately 7,000 men occurred east of the town. After a brief artillery duel, Col. Geiger's US troopers forced the retreat of Gen. Marmaduke's CS . . . — Map (db m116458) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — 16 — Hicks' Station in the Civil War
Hicks' Station, located on the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad between DeValls Bluff and Huntersville (N Little Rock), guarded the eastern approaches to the capital city. During the Little Rock Campaign, Confederate cavalry used it as a staging area . . . — Map (db m72142) HM WM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — Lonoke County Confederate Monument
West Side Below an image of two crossed flags and the dates 1861-1865 In memory of our Confederate Soldiers North Side Erected by the T.C. Hindman Chapter U.D.C. Lonoke, Ark. East Side Lonoke County commends the . . . — Map (db m65714) WM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — 1 — The Little Rock Campaign - BrownsvilleConfederates Fight to Stop Union Advance
On the morning of August 25, 1863, at Bayou Two Prairie (east of where you are standing), Confederate Brigadier General John Marmaduke's troops skirmished with advance elements of Union forces under Brigadier General John Davidson. Marmaduke's . . . — Map (db m116392) HM
Arkansas (Madison County), Huntsville — 54 — Huntsville Massacre
Front On January 10, 1863, nine men, including two Confederate officers and prominent local citizens and Masonic lodge members, were taken from a guardhouse near here, led to Samuel Vaughn's farm one mile northeast of Huntsville, and shot. . . . — Map (db m141514) HM
Arkansas (Madison County), Huntsville — 53 — Isaac Murphy / Governor Isaac Murphy
Front Isaac Murphy was born Oct. 16, 1799, in Pennsylvania. A teacher and lawyer, he moved to Fayetteville in 1834 and became involved in politics. Murphy took part in the 1849 Gold Rush, but lost his farm to creditors. He, his wife and . . . — Map (db m141518) HM
Arkansas (Miller County), Rondo — 7 — Confederate Records Stored at Rondo
When Gen. Frederick Steele's Union army invaded southwest Arkansas in April 1864, threatening the Confederate state capital at Washington, Gov. Harris Flanagin moved the state archives to Rondo, where they were deposited in James Abraham's store. . . . — Map (db m96022) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Battle of Plum Run Bend
On May 10, 1862, Confederates defeated the Union navy in one of only two Civil War gunboat fleet engagements on the Mississippi River, ramming and sinking two Union ironclads, Cincinnati and Mound City. A reinforced Union armada routed the . . . — Map (db m36320) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Confederate Veterans of Mississippi County
1861 - 1865 In memory of the Confederate Veterans of Mississippi County erected A.D. 1934 United Daughters of the Confederacy Elliott Fletcher Chapter Bytheville Arkansas — Map (db m36531) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Osceola Hornets
Upon the Civil War's outbreak, Capt. Charles Bowen raised a company known as the "Osceola Hornets," participating in the battles of Belmont and Shiloh. Initially 100 strong, only seven returned. During Reconstruction, Bowen was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m36328) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Sans Souci
The 10,000-acre Sans Souci plantation established in 1854 by John Harding McGavock, served as a Civil War hospital as the Union fleet docked across from the home. In addition to farming cotton, much acreage was devoted to hunting deer, bear, and . . . — Map (db m36298) HM
Arkansas (Nevada County), Prescott — 45 — Skirmishes at Prairie D'Ane
Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate army held strong earthworks on the western edge of Prairie D’Ane when Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union troops approached on April 10, 1864, and dug their own trenches. After heavy fighting on the 10th, the combatants . . . — Map (db m96559) HM
Arkansas (Ouachita County), Camden — Camden Water BattleCivil War — 1864 —
In the fall of 1864, much of the Confederate infantry in Arkansas was ordered to move to Camden to protect the approaches to Texas during General Sterling Price’s absences in being transferred to the Missouri Campaign.

In September 1864, . . . — Map (db m106889) HM WM

Arkansas (Ouachita County), Camden — To Our Confederate Women1861 - 1865
To the Confederate women Whose pious ministration To our wounded soldiers, Soothed the last hours of those Who died far from the objects Of their tenderest love; Whose domestic labors Contributed much to supply The wants of . . . — Map (db m106934) HM WM
Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — 25 — 1st Kansas Colored Infantry
The 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, a regiment that included many former Arkansas slaves, was formed in August 1862, the first black unit recruited during the war. 1st Kansas troops were the first black men to see combat, losing 10 killed and 12 . . . — Map (db m56624) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Barton — 84 — Lick Creek Skirmish
After the Jan. 11, 1863, battle at Arkansas Post, Gen. Willis Gorman led troops from Helena on a raid up the White River. Col. Powell Clayton and 1,200 cavalrymen went to Big Creek west of Helena when a patrol of 25 men of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry . . . — Map (db m107709) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "Hell-in-Arkansas"
The nickname the 33rd Iowa Infantry gave Helena was hardly flattering. It came not from a hard fought battle but from miserable conditions in an overcrowded city made worse by the climate. Soldiers Battled Malaria, Typhoid and More Many . . . — Map (db m51916) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "Put arms in their hands"
"A Liberating Army" In September 1861, Frederick Douglass, a former slave and passionate and influential advocate for black rights, wrote, "Let it be known that the American flag is the flag of freedom to all who will . . . — Map (db m108009) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "the gun boat Tyler saved the day "
The guns of the U.S.S Tyler sent their last blast hurtling toward Graveyard Hill at 10:30 A.M. on July 4, 1863. The Confederates were retreating. Helena remained in Union hands. The Battle of Helena, July 4 1863 The Tyler steamed into . . . — Map (db m51915) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "We are all the same as dead men"
Conditions in Civil War Helena were horrible. Overcrowding, poor sanitation, contaminated drinking water, and mosquitoes led to typhoid, dysentery, malaria and other diseases. Tents, churches, barns, abandoned houses and business buildings housed . . . — Map (db m51978) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "We shall never be the same"
The Civil War changed the lives of Southern women in ways they could not have imagined. They lived with anxiety, fear and loneliness. As the war ground on, many felt an increasing sense of desperation and depression. The lives they had known were . . . — Map (db m107998) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — “Let him sleep now with his brave companions”
The Death of General Patrick Cleburne “If we are to die Govan, let us die like men,” Cleburne said to his friend, Daniel Govan, as he rode to his death.

Major General Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Helena’s best-known . . . — Map (db m107829) HM WM

Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "We are well fortified" — Battle of Helena —
Battery C sat directly above Helena and was the key to the city's defenses. The small earthen battery manned by the 33rd Missouri held two artillery pieces. A series of infantry trenches in front of the battery defended the approach. Union engineers . . . — Map (db m107956) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Cemetery Becomes a Battleground
Imagine this area covered in trees. Where you stand is a quiet cemetery. It is the first burial ground for the city of Helena and the resting place of some of the city's earliest residents. Engineers and Battle Begin the . . . — Map (db m107977) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Grand Memorial
The Confederate Memorial In 1889, the Phillip County Memorial Association began raising funds to erect a grand memorial to honor all the Confederate dead. The Association sent an appeal throughout the South and donations poured in. Not . . . — Map (db m107834) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Great Upheaval
Thousands of refugee slaves came with the Union army into Helena and they continued to come. Helena became an island of freedom in a slave state. The Union Army Recruits Freedmen In the . . . — Map (db m107912) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Short Lived Confederate Victory
The Confederates Take Battery C "Both brigades moved forward on the instant, rapidly, steadily unflinchingly, and in perfect order under a storm of Minie balls, grape, and canister, which poured upon them not only . . . — Map (db m107958) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Terrific Fire From Graveyard Hill
You are facing Battery D. One half-mile southeast of here, it was the closest of the fortifications on Crowley's Ridge to Battery C. During the Battle of Helena, Union troops at these batteries aided each other with artillery fire. Map (db m107950) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — A Union Stronghold in Confederate Arkansas
The Union Army Takes Helena, July 1862 When General Samuel Curtis marched into Helena he was not sure if he would remain. But the city's location on the Mississippi River made it a valuable strategic resource . . . — Map (db m107916) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — African American Troops Held This Ground
The 2nd Arkansas of African Descent manned the earthwork located here during the Battle of Helena on July 4, 1863. The 2nd was a new regiment, organized in Helena just three months earlier. They had never experienced combat. . . . — Map (db m107891) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Answering a Call for Help
Disease, death, the practice of separating slave families—all left children with no one to care for them. Scores of orphaned black children in Civil War Helena suffered from neglect and exposure. General Napoleon Buford asked for help. In . . . — Map (db m107999) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battery A
Union forces entrenched on this hill held off repeated assaults by Confederate troops under CSA General Marmaduke on the morning of July 4, 1863, in their attack on Helena. CSA General Marsh Walker's Cavalry Brigade, consisting of the 5th Arkansas . . . — Map (db m107784) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battery B
Union guns emplaced on this hill defended Old St. Francis Road, the approach used by CSA General Marmaduke's Division, consisting of the 1st Brigade under Col. Shelby and Col. G.W. Thompson and the 2nd Brigade under Col. Colton Greene, in their . . . — Map (db m107787) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battery C Revealed — Battle of Helena —
Four maps drawn during the Civil War show Battery C. On each, the size and shape of the battery is different. Archaeological investigations conducted in 2011 and 2013 uncovered some surprising facts about this battery. Map (db m107964) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battery D
Hindman Hill, southernmost of four positions fortified by Union Forces in June, 1863, was attacked by the 35th, 37th, and Hawthorn's Arkansas Infantry Regiments under General Fagan, CSA at daybreak, July 4, 1863. Thwarted by the strength of the . . . — Map (db m107791) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battle of HelenaJuly 4, 1863
Confederate General Theophilus Holmes wanted to regain control of Helena, an island of Union control in Confederate Arkansas. His attack failed. Miscommunication, lack of information, and the determined resistance of the Union troops, who vowed not . . . — Map (db m107941) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Becoming Soldiers
As soon as the Civil War began, black men volunteered to serve in the United States Army. They were denied. In the spring of 1863, the Federal government finally began enlisting Freedmen. Within months, thousands in Helena had . . . — Map (db m107884) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Civil War Comes to Arkansas
In the first months of 1861 many Phillips County men joined militia companies supporting the Confederate cause. In February 1861, they marched on Little Rock to take the Federal arsenal. Most joined the Confederate army that spring. A Divided . . . — Map (db m51979) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Coming to the Aid of Fort Curtis
You are facing Battery A, which stood on Rightor Hill, a high spot on Crowley's Ridge. Defended by the 29th and 36th Iowa and the 33rd Missouri, it anchored the north end of the Union line, approximately one and one-quarter mile northeast of here. . . . — Map (db m107973) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Defending Helena
Shortly after the capture of Helena in July 1862, the Union army took measures to protect the city. Engineers designed a large earthen fort, which African American laborers completed in October 1862. General Benjamin Prentiss named the heavily . . . — Map (db m108033) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Fight at the Levee
During the Battle of Helena on July 4, 1863, constant fire from Union cavalry and artillery near the levee helped stall the Confederate advance on Battery A. The Union Troops at the Levee . . . — Map (db m107930) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Fighting to Stay Free
Freedmen Fill Two Regiments Within days of Lorenzo Thomas' speech in Helena on April 6, 1863, enough Freedmen enlisted to fill a regiment—1,000 men. Many were already in Helena. Others came in . . . — Map (db m108014) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Flags over Fort Curtis
When the Union army built Fort Curtis in 1862, the 34-star flag flew over the fort. The day the Battle of Helena was fought, July 4, 1863, the 35-star flag became the official U.S. flag. The new star represented West Virginia, admitted to the . . . — Map (db m109134) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Fort Curtis
In August 1862 the Union forces occupying Helena erected on this site a redoubt of earth and timbers to serve as the key to the city’s defenses. Fort Curtis, named for the Union general in command at the time of construction, was one of five . . . — Map (db m51919) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Fort Curtis, 1862-1867
The Confederates tested Fort Curtis once, during the Battle of Helena on July 4, 1863.The battle ended in a decided Union victory. For the rest of the war, Fort Curtis stood over Helena, a symbol of the power of the Union army. Map (db m108036) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Freedom in Helena!
The Emancipation Proclamation "...all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, . . . — Map (db m107885) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — General J.F. Fagan's Attack
Hawthorn's Regiment advanced from the south, that of Bell from the north, King massed on Hawthorn's right. They charged at daybreak, clambering over fallen timber, and took the first line of rifle pits. Battery C not yet engaged by Price, caught . . . — Map (db m107796) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — General Patrick Cleburne — A Part of the Civil War Discovery Trail —
"I am with the South in life or death, in victory or defeat."       Patrick Cleburne, May 1861 A Brilliant and Beloved Commander Patrick Cleburne was a brilliant military tactician and one of the . . . — Map (db m109146) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Helena, Arkansas
At this site on the southern tip of Crowley’s Ridge, Indians of the Hopewell Culture lived about 500 B.C. Evidences of their settlements still remain in mounds nearby. In 1541 when Hernando De Soto crossed the river near here, he found the Casqui . . . — Map (db m51910) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Helena's Contraband Camps
Thousands of freedom seekers came with the Union army when it occupied Helena in July 1862. They had no place to live, no food and no way to support themselves. Under the Army's Care It was up to . . . — Map (db m107877) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Holding the Little Rock Road
Fortifying Helena Soon after the Union army occupied Helena in July 1862, preparations began for a Confederate attack. The army built four earthworks on Crowley's Ridge. Fort Curtis sat below the ridge, in town. . . . — Map (db m107887) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Life Under Union Occupation
After the Union army arrived in July 1862, Helena was no longer part of the Confederacy. It was in Union hands and the Union commander made law and policy. The Moore-Hornor Home across the street was one of many in Helena seized by the Union army. . . . — Map (db m108030) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Loyal to the Old Flag
While the vast majority of Helena's white population favored secession, there were also men and women loyal to the Union in Phillips County. White Unionists Rally in Helena Not only fugitive slaves, but white . . . — Map (db m107991) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Patrick Cleburne in Helena — A Part of the Civil War Discovery Trail —
Patrick Cleburne found a home, friends and a profession in Helena. When the Civil War began, he supported his adopted state, writing to his brother, Richard, "I am with Arkansas in weal and woe." Map (db m109144) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Patrick Ronayne CleburneMajor General, C.S.A.
front: Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, Major General, C.S.A. Born in County Cork, Ireland, March 17, 1828; Killed at Battle of Franklin, Tenn. November 30, 1864. Dulce et decorum est Pro patria mori. Shiloh . . . — Map (db m86787) WM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Phillips County Goes to War
The election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860 broke the nation apart. In May 1861, Arkansas became the ninth state to join the new Confederate States of America. The Union Army Occupies Helena . . . — Map (db m107917) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Phillips County's Confederate Soldiers — A Part of the Civil War Discovery Trail —
Quick to Volunteer Between 1861 and 1865, several hundred men— one-third of the able-bodied men in Phillips County — joined the Confederate army. Most enlisted in the opening weeks of the Civil War. The volunteers joined . . . — Map (db m109136) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Recruiting in Helena
Lorenzo Thomas at Fort Curtis Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas spoke in Helena on April 6, 1863. About 4,000 soldiers stood in formation in Fort Curtis. They heard Thomas, their commanding officer, the district . . . — Map (db m108013) HM

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Apr. 8, 2020