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Rockingham County Virginia Historical Markers

 
Two Virginia Civil War Trails Bridgewater Markers are along the waterfront here image, Touch for more information
By Robert H. Moore, II, February 20, 2009
Two Virginia Civil War Trails Bridgewater Markers are along the waterfront here
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — BridgewaterBridgewater During the War
The town of Bridgewater was a center of Confederate logistical activity during the Civil War. It also sent one company of infantry, the Bridgewater Grays, to the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment, which fought in most of the major battles in Virginia . . . — Map (db m16438) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — BridgewaterHistoric North River Crossing
After his victory at the Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson made plans to attack another Federal force in the Shenandoah Valley. Earlier he had ordered Col. John D. Imboden to burn the bridges at Mount Crawford and Bridgewater . . . — Map (db m16439) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — I 13-A — Bridgewater College
Founded near this site in 1880, the college is now located 4.3 miles east in the town of Bridgewater. This liberal arts college is affiliated with the Church of the Brethren. It grew out of the Spring Creek Normal School and Collegiate Institute and . . . — Map (db m32107) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — Famous Travelers Along the Turnpike
In its 82 year history, the Warm Springs Turnpike was used by many noted travelers. Daniel Boone, when an old man, used the road when he visited the sons of his boyhood friend Henry Miller at Mossy Creek Ironworks to the south of Bridgewater. He . . . — Map (db m16485) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — Z-182 — Rockingham County / Augusta County
(Obverse) Rockingham County Area 876 Square Miles Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross . . . — Map (db m88642) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Bridgewater — The Alexander Mack Memorial Library
This building was erected 1962-63 and dedicated 1964. It honors the memory of Alexander Mack Sr., follower of Christ, leader of men, and seeker after truth who was founder and first minister of the Church of the Brethren. He was born at . . . — Map (db m98084) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Broadway — Elder John Kline Monument
(Front of Monument):At This Place Eld John Kline Was Killed June 15, 1864 (Reverse of Monument):Erected in the Year 1914 In Memory of Elder John Kline A Peace Martyr This parcel of ground, 10 feet square, is se- cured by deed and is on . . . — Map (db m15632) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Burketown — Z-171 — Rockingham County / Augusta County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Seiver, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys and Port Republic, . . . — Map (db m12369) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysSlaughter of the 8th New York Infantry — 1862 Valley Campaign
On June 8, 1862, during the Battle of Cross keys, Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s Confederate brigade of a little more than 1,500 men occupied this line, a masked position behind a split-rail fence in what was then a wood line to your right and left. . . . — Map (db m16191) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysImmigrant Soldiers — 1862 Valley Campaign
Many immigrants fought for the North and the South during the Civil War. Their numbers were especially high in Gen. Louis Blenker’s division of Gen. John C. Fremont’s union army at Cross Keys on June 8, 1862. Two Germans (Gen. Henry Bohlen and Col. . . . — Map (db m16265) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysTrimble’s Ravine — 1862 Valley Campaign
On June 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Isaac R, Trimble led part of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment through the then-swampy ravine in front of you to attack Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division. Trimble intended to move around the 54th New York . . . — Map (db m16267) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysWalker’s Flank Attack — 1862 Valley Campaign
After repulsing the initial Union attack, Confederate Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s brigade heavily engaged two brigades of Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division near here on June 8, 1862. During the afternoon fighting, Col. James A. Walker’s demi-brigade . . . — Map (db m16435) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysDuel Attacks — 1862 Valley Campaign
Early on June 8, 1862, Union commander Gen. John C. Frémont viewed the field at Cross Keys and without proper reconnaissance assumed that Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s left flank was the strong side of the Confederate line. Frémont ordered his . . . — Map (db m25549) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysSouthern Artillery — 1862 Valley Campaign
Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell had five artillery batteries with him at Cross Keys. Four batteries and a 2-gun section (about 18 guns total) were massed on the ridgeline to your front. At the time of the battle on June 8, 1862, the ridge was . . . — Map (db m25550) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysThe Civilians of Cross Keys — 1862 Valley Campaign
During the Civil War, this battlefield contained some of the most productive farmland in the Shenandoah Valley and Virginia, as it does today. At the time of the battle, these fields were in stands of wheat, buckwheat, rye, corn, and clover. . . . — Map (db m25551) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysJune 8, 1862
General R.S. Ewell with 8,000 soldiers of General Stonewall Jackson's army repulsed a Federal attacking column of 10,500 under General John C. Frémont. After initial success the Federals were checked by the fire of Confederate artillery. Attacks by . . . — Map (db m46563) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Cross Keys Battlefield
Here, June 8, 1862, Gen. J. C. Fremont—pursuing Gen. T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson—was checked by Gen. R. S. Ewell with part of Jackson’s army, which lay towards Port Republic. Federals engaged: 12,750, killed and wounded: 684. . . . — Map (db m4056) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — Mill Creek ChurchWar Strikes Peaceful Homes and Fields
This church, Mill Creek Church of the Brethren, stands on the site of an antebellum house of worship that, during the Battle of Cross Keys on June 8, 1862, was used as a hospital. Amputated arms and legs were dropped outside from a window and piled . . . — Map (db m16268) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Cross Keys — The Battle of Cross Keys“It was not in men to stand such fire as that.” — 1862 Valley Campaign
Following Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s victory at Winchester, Union troops pursued the Confederates south, “up” the Shenandoah Valley. While Gen. John C. Fremont advanced on the Valley Turnpike, another Union force, . . . — Map (db m16187) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Daniel Bowman Mill at Silver LakeShenandoah Valley Mills
During the Civil War, the Daniel Bowman Mill occupied this site, grinding wheat brought here by Rockingham County farmers. The county was part of the prosperous agricultural region known as the “breadbasket of the Confederacy.” It was no . . . — Map (db m46125) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — DaytonDark Days in the Burnt District
In the fall of 1864, attacks by Confederate raiders and bushwhackers angered Federal officers in the Shenandoah Valley. On September 22, Union soldiers captured a hapless man named Davy Getz near Woodstock who was wearing civilian clothes and . . . — Map (db m16440) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Death of Lt. MeigsDeadly Encounter — 1864 Valley Campaigns
Here on the old Swift Run Gap Road on the evening of October 3, 1864, Union Lt. John Rodgers Meigs was killed in a fight with three Confederate scouts guided by local resident Pvt. Benjamin F. “Frank” Shaver, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Meigs, . . . — Map (db m15121) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Death of Lt. MeigsThe Heavy Hand of War — 1864 Valley Campaigns
The death of Union Lt. John R. Meigs, near the granite marker on the hill in front of you, unleashed a firestorm of retaliation. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, erroneously told that civilian “bushwhackers” had killed Meigs, reported to Gen. . . . — Map (db m15123) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — D-7 — First Church in Rockingham County
The first church in Rockingham County was built on this site in 1747 on land owned by Captain Daniel Harrison of the colonial militia. Serving as a "Chapel of Ease" for Augusta Parish, the first building is believed to have been built of logs. The . . . — Map (db m32106) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — D-1 — Fort Harrison
Daniel Harrison settled about 1745 at the headwaters of Cook’s Creek where it is believed he built the stone portion of the present house. During the decades 1750-1770, when this area was the frontier of the colony, the house served the settlers as . . . — Map (db m16441) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes
In memory of Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes, 116th Ohio Regiment, who, when ordered by Gen. Sheridan to burn the town of Dayton, Va. in retaliation for the death of a Union officer, refused to obey that order, risking court-martial and disgrace. His . . . — Map (db m88643) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Shenandoah College and Shenandoah Conservatory of Music1875–1960 — Dayton, Virginia
This plaque designates the former location of Shenandoah College and Shenandoah Conservatory of Music and is dedicated in honor of the community that served the many students, faculty, and staff who passed through its halls. The new campus and . . . — Map (db m15761) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Dayton — Site Where Lt. John Rodgers Meigs Was Killed
This is the approximate site where Union Lt. John Rodgers Meigs was killed in a fight with three Confederate scouts on October 3, 1864. In retaliation, General Philip H. Sheridan ordered that buildings over a large area, including the town of . . . — Map (db m15140) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Edom — Baxter House — National Register of Historic Places
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m89564) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Edom — A-59 — Dr. Jessee Bennett1769–1842
Near Edom, Virginia, on January 14, 1794, in a heroic effort to save his wife, Elizabeth, and child, Dr. Jessee Bennett performed the first successful Caesarian section and oophorectomy to be done in America. — Map (db m30364) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — “Sic Juvat Transcendere Montes”
In honor of Governor Alexander Spotswood and the Knights of the Horseshoe: John Fontaine • Robert Beverley • William Robertson • Dr. Robinson Todd • James Taylor • Robert Brooke • George Mason • Captain Smith • Jeremiah Clouder and other . . . — Map (db m1844) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Alexander Spotswood Discovers the Valley of the Shenandoah
Twelve men I chose to see the waiting land, Where the rivers are jeweled in sunlight, And the hills are a deep blue ocean with living spars Of pine to catch the clouds and spread white sail. My band, Knights of the Golden Horse Shoe, . . . — Map (db m1874) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930's, CCC Camp NP-3, Company 310, Camp Nira was placed near the abandoned road across the Skyline Drive, 1/4 mile, to the south. — Map (db m13248) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — JD-8 — First Settler
"Green Meadows," to the west, was the home of Adam Miller (1703-1783), one of the first Europeans to settle in the valley. The property remained in the Miller (originally Mueller) family from the 1740s through 1936. — Map (db m12074) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Jennings HouseConfederate Hospital
1862 & 1864 Valley Campaigns. This eight-room brick dwelling was built in 1840 for Dr. Simeon B. Jennings, a former resident of Port Republic. At the time of the Civil War, it was one of only half a dozen houses located in the Conrad’s Store . . . — Map (db m2916) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — D-10 — Knights of the Golden Horseshoe
On 5 Sept. 1716, in this region, it is believed, Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood and his party of government officials, gentry, Native Americans, soldiers, and servants crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Their . . . — Map (db m1842) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Miller-Argabright-Cover-Kite HouseStonewall Jackson’s Headquarters, April 19-30, 1862 — 1862 Valley Campaign
Less than a month after his defeat at Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson retired to the Elk Run Valley to rest his troops and plan for the spring campaign. With his men camped all along Elk Run and into Swift Run Gap, Jackson . . . — Map (db m2835) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Nature Without Us, For UsShenandoah National Park
The most important function of the wilderness for modern man is the opportunity of glimpsing for a moment what harmony really means.” Sigurd Olson, Reflections from the North Country, 1976 The Wilderness Act of 1964 . . . — Map (db m96878) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — D-44 — Newtown (East Elkton) School
The Newtown School, built here in 1921-1922, served African American students during the segregation era. Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears, Roebuck and Co, collaborated with Booker T. washington in a school-building campaign beginning in . . . — Map (db m108889) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Pleasure and JoyShenandoah National Park
Now shall I walk or shall I ride? Ride, Pleasure said. Walk, Joy replied.”   W.H. Davies Shenandoah National Park and Skyline Drive are the perfect combination of pleasure and joy. Chances are you took a pleasure ride . . . — Map (db m96235) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Elkton — Rekindling NatureShenandoah National Park
A wildfire swept over this mountain in 1986, burning 4,475 acres in seven days. While dramatic, it certainly wasn’t tragic. Fire is nature’s way of cleaning house. It keeps the forest healthy by burning leaf litter, dead wood, and even living . . . — Map (db m96881) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Grottoes — Appalachian Trail
You are standing next to the Appalachian Trail. Also called the A.T., this footpath stretches more than 2,100 miles across mountaintop and ridge from Maine to Georgia. You can see where the trail enters and exits each end of this overlook. The A.T. . . . — Map (db m46003) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Grottoes — Big Run Watershed
Rocky Top, the high ridge to your left, Brown Mt., straight ahead and Loft Mt., behind you, enclose an eleven square mile watershed, the largest in the Park. One inch of rainfall on this area amounts to nearly 200 million gallons. Some of this . . . — Map (db m46004) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Grottoes — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930s, this area was the site of CCC Camp NP-27, which was moved into Shenandoah National Park from Grottoes, Virginia. — Map (db m46010) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — A-18 — Abraham Lincoln’s Father
Four miles west, Thomas Lincoln, father of the President, was born about 1778. He was taken to Kentucky by his father about 1781. Beside the road here was Lincoln Inn, long kept by a member of the family. — Map (db m656) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — D-6 — Battle of Cross Keys
Three miles south, on Mill Creek, Jackson’s rearguard, under Ewell, was attacked by Freemont, June 8, 1862. Trimble, of Ewell’s command, counterattacked, driving the Unionists back. Jackson, with the rest of his army, was near Port Republic awaiting . . . — Map (db m3474) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — Breneman-Turner MillSurvivor of The Burning — 1864 Valley Campaign
On October 6, 1864, Union soldiers approached this mill on their march from Harrisonburg to Broadway during “The Burning.” This was U.S. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s two-week campaign to end the Valley’s role as the “Breadbasket of . . . — Map (db m39329) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — A-29 — Cavalry Engagement
Here, at Lacey’s Springs, Rosser’s Confederate cavalry attacked Custer's camp, December 20, 1864. Rosser and Custer (of Indian Fame) had been roommates at West Point. — Map (db m649) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Harrisonburg — D 1-a — Long's Chapel and Zenda
Long's Chapel was built in 1870, a year after William and Hannah Carpenter and the Church of the United Brethren in Christ deeded land here "to colored people… for … a church, burial ground, and a school house." Henry Carter, Milton Grant, William . . . — Map (db m37436) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Hinton — Z-213 — Rockingham County / West Virginia
(West Side):Rockingham CountyDuring its October 1777 session, the Virginia General Assembly carved Rockingham County out of a large portion of Augusta County. The first court was held on 27 April 1778. Rockingham County was named for . . . — Map (db m34459) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lacey Spring — Lacey SpringWest Point Classmates at Odds — 1864 Valley Campaigns
On the early morning hours of December 21, 1864, part of Union Gen. George A. Custer’s cavalry division was eating breakfast here and preparing to advance when it suddenly came under attack. Custer had bivouacked the night before not expecting any . . . — Map (db m22982) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Linville — KB-65 — Lincoln's Virginia Ancestors
In 1768, John Lincoln moved here with his family from Pennsylvania. His eldest son, Abraham, grandfather of the president, might have remained a Virginian had his friend and distant relative, Daniel Boone not encouraged him to migrate to Kentucky by . . . — Map (db m15634) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — JD-10 — Battle of Port Republic
The cross road here roughgly divides the Confederate and Union lines in the battle of JUne 9, 1862. Jackson attacked Shields, coming southward to join Fremont, but was repulsed. Reinforced by Ewell, Jackson attacked again and drove Shields from the . . . — Map (db m2932) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — Port Republic
Port Republic Battlefield Civil War Site—Trail Stop 4. Struggle for the “Coaling” Federal commander Tyler placed at least 3 artillery pieces on this high part of the “Coaling,” and lined 3 more guns down . . . — Map (db m2926) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — Port Republic
Port Republic Battlefield Civil War Site—Trail Stop 1. Last Battle of Jackson’s 1862 Valley Campaign. You are standing on the “Coaling.” By the Civil War this area was nearly devoid of trees, the timber having been . . . — Map (db m2929) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — Port Republic Battlefield
Here, June 9, 1862 Gen. T. J. "Stonewall Jackson" defeated Gen. J. Shield’s vanguard advancing from Elkton under Gen. R. O. Tyler Federals engaged, 4500 killed, wounded, and missing, 551, captured, 450 Confederates engaged, 6000 . . . — Map (db m14346) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Lynnwood — Port Republic BattlefieldJune 9, 1862
General Stonewall Jackson, with 6,000 Confederates, attacked James Shields' vanguard of 3,000 under E.B. Tyler, which had marched down Luray Valley to join General J.C. Frémont's army. Jackson's first attack by General C.S. Winder's brigade, . . . — Map (db m14354) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Mount Crawford — I-13 — Bridgewater College
Located two miles southwest in the town of Bridgewater, this liberal arts college is affiliated with the Church of the Bretheren. It grew out of the Spring Creek Normal School and Collegiate Institute, founded in 1880, and became Bridgewater College . . . — Map (db m647) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Mount Crawford — A-32 — Sheridan's Last Raid
Here was fought the engagement of Mount Crawford, March 1, 1865, in Sheridan's last raid. — Map (db m13710) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — Madison HallHomesite scene of colonial settlement, Civil War clash
The crest of the hill was the site of Madison Hall, built in the mid-1700s for John Madison, the first Court Clerk of Augusta County, which originally included this area of Rockingham County within its frontier boundaries. In response to the . . . — Map (db m14083) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — North River BridgeCovered bridge instrumental in Valley Campaign
The road seen across the river was the original route into the village from the north and west. Early visitors crossed North River by means of a ford, later a ferry, and finally a bridge. After the Civil War, four more bridges were built on . . . — Map (db m15792) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — Palmer Lot at Middle FordFord was site of Jackson’s temporary bridge
Parallel to South River is seen the bed of the lower millrace which brought water power to several village industries. The Galliday Tannery was located on the far left; the Dundore/Downs Tannery on the adjoining property on the right. The Robert . . . — Map (db m14080) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — Port Republic Foundry
The Port Republic Foundry was one of the leading industries of the town. Prior to the flood of 1870, a Mr. Holbrook operated a foundry shop where the notched sickle for the original McCormick Reaper was made. Although the original shop washed . . . — Map (db m88585) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — The Frank Kemper HouseThriving river community was transportation hub
When Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood’s 1716 expedition first laid claim to the Shenandoah Valley, the area had already been used for centuries by Native Americans. The town of port Republic was laid off into lots and chartered by an 1802 act . . . — Map (db m16634) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Port Republic — The Point“The Point” marks Shenandoah River’s birth
Straight ahead is "The Point“ where the North River (Ieft) and the South River (right) meet to form the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Imagine a day in the early 1800s when the river depth was right for traffic. A flotilla of . . . — Map (db m88584) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Singers Glen — Joseph Funk
March 9, 1777 • Dec. 24, 1862 “Father of song in Northern Virginia” Teacher, translator, author Publisher, printer In 1816 he published “Choral Music”; in 1832 the first edition of “Genuine Church . . . — Map (db m39334) HM
Virginia (Rockingham County), Singers Glen — Old Salem ChurchAnti-Slavery Congregation in the Confederacy
This was the only United Brethren Church that the anti-slavery denomination opened within the Confederacy during the Civil War. It was constructed on the northeastern side of Green Hill along Joes Creek northwest of Edom in 1833 as Green Hill . . . — Map (db m115464) HM

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