“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Kentucky Historical Society Historical Markers

Markers (some 3,000) of the Kentucky state historical markers program administered by the Kentucky Historical Society.
Adair County Courthouse (Marker on left side, under tree) image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, May 8, 2015
Adair County Courthouse (Marker on left side, under tree)
1Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1599 — Adair County Courthouse
On June 28, 1802, court ordered permanent seat of justice on the public square. First courthouse built in 1806. Present structure was designed by McDonald Bros., Louisville, and built by Wm. H. Hudson and Columbus Stone in 1887. A unique . . . — Map (db m83384) HM
2Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 604 — Col. Frank L. Wolford
A foremost champion of the Union, a staunch friend of the stricken South, defender of constitutional freedom. Born Columbia 1817, died 1895 and buried in city cemetery. Veteran Mexican War, leader famed First Kentucky Union Cavalry, hero of many . . . — Map (db m83387) HM
3Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2243 — Columbia-Union Presbyterian Church
Side 1 Active Presbyterian congregations formed early in the county’s settlement:1803 on Col. Casey’s farm & 1827 in Columbia. Church was built in 1857 and has had continuous services ever since. County and city congregations merged in . . . — Map (db m83408) HM
4Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 707 — Confederate Raids
Front General John Hunt Morgan's cavalry, returning from second Kentucky raid, passed here on way back to Tennessee, Jan. 1, 1863. On raid, Union's rail supply line wrecked and $2,000,000 property destroyed. July 3, 1863, Morgan here . . . — Map (db m83391) HM
5Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1139 — County Named, 1801
For Gen. John Adair, Governor of Kentucky 1820-24. Born, 1757, in South Carolina, came to Ky., 1788. Member of Kentucky Constitutional Convention, 1792. Served in Ky. House of Representatives, 1793-95, 1798, 1800-03, 1817. US Senator, 1805-06, . . . — Map (db m139816) HM
6Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 1782 — Daniel Trabue (1760-1840)
A founder of Columbia, Trabue built original house (SW corner of this structure) ca. 1823. He served as trustee, sheriff, and justice of peace; operated grist mill, inn and retail store. Here Trabue wrote memoirs, 1827, of pioneer era, which . . . — Map (db m83406) HM
7Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 128 — Jane Lampton Home
Girlhood home of Jane Lampton (1803-1891). Wife of John Marshall Clemens. Mother of "Mark Twain." Granddaughter of Colonel William Casey, original Adair County settler. — Map (db m83397) HM
8Kentucky (Adair County), Columbia — 2242 — Male and Female School Site / Student Parking in the 1850s
Male and Female School Site The Columbia College Joint Stock Company formed in 1853 to build the M&F School. It was conveyed to trustees appointed by Transylvania Presbytery and opened in 1855. The building was a Union Camp during the . . . — Map (db m83412) HM
9Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 2064 — Bethlehem Missionary Baptist Church / Bethlehem Church
Bethlehem Missionary Baptist Church Congregation founded 1801. Services held, uninterrupted, except for a Sunday in Nov. 1862, because of "Army passing down the pike and the house having sick soldiers in it." Called "Difficult" and located near . . . — Map (db m143077) HM
10Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 730 — Civil War Action
Confederate forces of 200 under Col. John M. Hughs attacked here, Dec. 8, 1863. Twelve days earlier he had attacked Monticello, Ky., captured then paroled garrison of 153 men; no supplies. Continuing to harass USA forces, seek stores, he came here, . . . — Map (db m131261) HM
11Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 760 — County Named, 1815
For Lieut. Col. John Allen, born in Va., 1771, came to Ky., 1779. Practiced law in Shelby County. State Representative, 1801-07, and State Senate, 1807-13. Killed in battle at River Raisin, Jan. 22, 1813, and one of nine officers at that battle for . . . — Map (db m131262) WM
12Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 1760 — Jacksonian Hotel
Built in 1919 during an oil boom, Jacksonian gained wide prominence. It was third hotel on site and stood here for 54 years. Closed, 1973. Hotel received name because of its location on Jackson Highway, now 31-E, one of oldest roads in Kentucky. . . . — Map (db m131260) HM
13Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 1117 — Mt. Union Church / M.J. Bonner
Mt. Union Church Organized in 1864 under the name of Mulberry Hill General Baptist Church. In 1869 the original log building burned. The congregation rebuilt on present site, changed the name to Mt. Union. Thirteen churches were invited from . . . — Map (db m143075) HM
14Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 1670 — Scottsville Public Spring
Allen County was formed in April 1815. Scottsville was named for Gen. Charles Scott, 4th governor of Ky. In 1816, location was chosen for county seat because of abundant water supply from this spring. County bought 100 acres, which were laid off in . . . — Map (db m143071) HM
15Kentucky (Allen County), Scottsville — 2081 — Trammel Fork Missionary Baptist Church
The Trammel Fork Church was founded in 1802 with seventy members. Elder John Hightower was first pastor. This church was instrumental in constituting ten area churches. The first meeting house was a log structure; church now occupies its third . . . — Map (db m143073) HM
16Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1479 — Distinguished Officers - Alumni of Kavanaugh
Kavanaugh School. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh founded school on Woodford Street which became known as "Little Annapolis." First boarding student came to prepare for Naval Academy in 1914. From then until 1945, Mrs. Kavanaugh launched 150 future Navy . . . — Map (db m317) HM
17Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 1273 — Kavanaugh School“The Sun Never Sets on Kavanaugh.”
Kavanaugh Academy 1904-09; Anderson Co. High School 1909-20; Kavanaugh High School 1920-49. Rhoda C. Kavanaugh, A.B., founder and principal 41 years. Under her direction it ranked among the nation's foremost preparatory schools for Annapolis and . . . — Map (db m315) HM
18Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 812 — Renowned Congressman
James Beauchamp (Champ) Clark born near here, 1850. Attended U. of K. Taught school in county, 1870-71. Pres. Marshall College, 1873-74. Congressman from Missouri 24 yrs. Led defeat of Cannonism, control of House by Speaker. Then Speaker, 1911-19. . . . — Map (db m313) HM
19Kentucky (Anderson County), Lawrenceburg — 2029 — William H. Townsend(1890 - 1964)
This renowned scholar, raconteur, and lawyer was born in Anderson Co. Educated first in a one-room school at Glensboro, he graduated from U.K. Law School in 1912. Among his books was Lincoln and the Bluegrass (1955). His talk on Cassius Clay, . . . — Map (db m34786) HM
20Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 826 — County Named, 1842
For Capt. Bland Ballard, 1759-1853. Born in Va. Came to Ky. in 1779. Devoted life protecting frontier. Scout for George Rogers Clark's Ohio expedition, 1780. '82; Wabash campaign 1786. In the battles of Fallen Timbers, 1793; Tippecanoe, 1811; River . . . — Map (db m18550) HM
21Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 1309 — Fort Jefferson Site / Indian Massacre
(North Side):Fort Jefferson Site Built in 1780 by George Rogers Clark as part of impressive plan of settlement, conceived by Gov. Patrick Henry of Virginia, later pursued by and named for Gov. Thomas Jefferson. The fort was to protect US . . . — Map (db m18639) HM
22Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 2209 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson
(North Side):Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Fort Jefferson Lewis and Clark and a party of eight men visited the site of Fort Jefferson on Nov. 18, 1803, while on their epic 1803-1806 journey to the Pacific. Fort est. in 1780 by Clark's . . . — Map (db m18545) HM
23Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 46 — The Prince of the French Explorers
(North Side):The Prince of the French Explorers Commissioned by Louis XIV of France, the Sieur Robert de LaSalle, sweeping down the Mississippi with his flotilla of canoes, stopped in 1682 at this place, in his quest for the mouth of the . . . — Map (db m18551) HM
24Kentucky (Ballard County), Wickliffe — 757 — Union Supply Base
One of first Kentucky positions, Fort Jefferson, occupied by Union troops after Confederate seizure of Columbus, Sept. 1861. From this base, Gen. U.S. Grant directed demonstration against Columbus, Jan. 1862. Troops from here joined in capturing Ft. . . . — Map (db m18519) HM
25Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1489 — Cave City Raid
CSA General John Hunt Morgan and a company of troops arrived here, May 11, 1862. They seized a train reported to be carrying some of Morgan's men captured at Lebanon, Tenn. Instead, it carried railroad employees whom he released. Morgan burned the . . . — Map (db m321) HM
26Kentucky (Barren County), Cave City — 1317 — Gen. Joseph H. Lewis1824 - 1904
Confederate Brigadier General, commanded famous “Orphan Brigade” in Civil War. In 1861 he conducted recruiting and training camp here. State legislature, 1850-54, 69-70. US Congress, 1870-73. Member of Kentucky Court of Appeals for 24 . . . — Map (db m96727) HM
27Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1255 — Barren County, 1798
Taken from parts of Green and Warren counties. Glasgow, county seat, was founded in 1799. County received name from the “barrens” or prairies of this region.      Early explorers and settlers came through this area. In Civil War, first . . . — Map (db m88132) HM
28Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 544 — Christmas Mishap
On Dec. 24, 1862, main body of Morgan's Raiders made camp south of here. Capt. Quirk and scouts entered town although USA troops patrolled area. CSA scouts wished to celebrate Christmas Eve, and dismounted at tavern. A patrol of 2nd Mich. Cavalry, . . . — Map (db m73020) HM
29Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1133 — Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour / Barren County CSA Medalists
(side 1) Confederate Congressional Medal of Honour The President (CSA), in 1862, was authorized to confer a Medal of Honour upon one enlisted man of each company for “every signal victory.” At first dress-parade, . . . — Map (db m73018) HM
30Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2474 — F. M. Jones and Bro. General Store
In 1855, John and Francis Marion Jones formed a partnership for selling goods at Myers Steam Mill on Beaver Creek in Barren County. A petition for a post office was granted in 1856 & name changed from Myers Mill to Coral Hill. Store was catalyst . . . — Map (db m143082) HM
31Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2425 — First Farmers Rural Electric Co-Op Substation
On Jan. 12, 1939, the Goodnight substation was energized. The circuit powered 107 homes along 51 miles of power line in Barren Co. This substation was the first in Farmers RECC service territory. Electricity improved rural life, increased . . . — Map (db m96997) HM
32Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1951 — First Presbyterian Church
Congregation formed ca. 1802, when Isaac Robertson, a member, donated lot for log structure erected here. Rev. John Howe was first minister. Present Gothic Revival sanctuary built ca. 1853. Church’s style of architecture features Tudor-arched window . . . — Map (db m88133) HM
33Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1290 — Fort Williams
Site of Civil War fort built in spring of 1863. Attacked Oct. 6 by Confederate Col. John M. Hughs and his 25th Tenn. Infantry. US troops under Maj. Samuel Martin surprised. Over 200 horses captured, part of fort burned, and 142 men taken prisoner, . . . — Map (db m39405) HM
34Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2417 — Henry Clay Morrison / Morrison Park(1857~1942)
Henry Clay Morrison Famed Methodist preacher & pioneer of the Holiness movement. He came to Barren Co. at age 2 & was raised by his grandparents near here. He became one of nation’s premiere evangelists and was editor of the Pentecostal Herald . . . — Map (db m143080) HM
35Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 1718 — Home of Arthur Krock / Historic Home
(Side One) Home of Arthur Krock Called dean of Washington newsmen, Glasgow’s native son (1886-1974) grew up here with his grandparents, Emmanuel and Henrietta Morris. He began his career in journalism with the Louisville . . . — Map (db m87980) HM
36Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 609 — Home of Gov. Leslie
Preston H. Leslie, born Ky., 1819. Died Montana, 1907. Completed term of Gov. John Stevenson from Feb. to Sept., 1871, when elected 27th Governor of Kentucky. Known for his sound judgment of State affairs and meeting the needs of growing population . . . — Map (db m87981) HM
37Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 635 — Long Hunters' Camp
Henry Skaggs and two companions trapping beaver, winter 1770-71, were probably first white men in this area. Named Long Hunters due to long period away from home in the East. Came through Cumberland Gap, 1769, in party led by James Knox. Skaggs’ . . . — Map (db m87978) HM
38Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2019 — Luska Joseph Twyman(1913-1988)
Front Born in Hiseville (Barren Co.). Graduate of Kentucky State Univ.; later member of Board of Regents. Also studied at Indiana Univ. and Peabody Coll. As principal of Ralph J. Bunche School, Twyman led its merger with Glasgow High School . . . — Map (db m82469) HM
39Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2397 — Nettie B.C. Depp(1874 - 1932)
(Front Side) The first female public official in Barren Co., she was elected in 1913, seven years before women were allowed to vote. She was Barren Co. schools superintendent from 1914-1917. Instrumental in unifying local schools to . . . — Map (db m88116) HM
40Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 687 — Settles Rifles
Prized by frontiersmen, now rare collectors' items; they were made by three Settle generations in Barren County. Starting in 1800, William made flintlocks at Rocky Hill. A son, Felix, had shops in Glasgow, Roseville. Felix's sons, Simon and Willis, . . . — Map (db m143078) HM
41Kentucky (Barren County), Glasgow — 2398 — Willa Brown Chappell(1906 - 1992)
(Front Side) This Glasgow native was the first African American woman to earn a pilot’s license in the U.S., 1937. That year, she also earned masters degree from Northwestern Univ. She was first African American officer in Civil Air . . . — Map (db m88118) HM
42Kentucky (Barren County), Hiseville — 1365 — Partisan Protected
Civil War’s first Kentucky Federal death, Oct. 10, 1861, 4 miles east. A Union company slipped through the graveyard at night to arrest C.B. Hutcherson, a local Southern sympathizer. Ten poorly equipped recruits from CSA camp of Gen. Joseph Lewis, . . . — Map (db m97001) HM
43Kentucky (Barren County), Horse Cave — 698 — Bear Wallow
On CSA invasion of Kentucky, resulting in battle of Perryville, Gen. Leonidas Polk’s wing moved thru here, Sept. 16, 1862, to attack USA troops at Munfordville. Two of Kentucky raids by CSA Gen. John Hunt Morgan’s cavalry routed thru here, . . . — Map (db m79208) HM
44Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 1039 — Bell's Tavern
Erected by Wm. Bell, 1830. Stage stop for his lines that brought visitors to Mammoth Cave when first promoted. Famed in U.S. and Europe for elite patrons, cuisine and magic peach and honey brandy for “Joy before the journey’s end”, until . . . — Map (db m96715) HM
45Kentucky (Barren County), Park City — 2259 — Diamond Caverns
On July 14, 1859, a slave was lowered into a pit discovered on the farm of Jesse Coats. He saw glistening calcite crystals that he thought were diamonds. The first public tour was made by a wedding party on August 19, 1859. Guidebooks were written . . . — Map (db m96712) HM
46Kentucky (Bath County), Bethel — 1542 — Joe Creason
Longview Cemetery, Bethel, is grave site of one of the most noted and best-loved Kentucky journalists. Born 1918 in Benton, he gained renown from his column, "Joe Creason's Kentucky," in the Louisville Courier-Journal. His popular book by same name . . . — Map (db m110166) HM
47Kentucky (Bath County), Midland — 1226 — Caney Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Caney Furnace Stood five miles south. This stone stack, built 1837-38 by Harrison Connor and Joshua Ewing, Sr., was among first iron furnaces west of the Alleghenies to be equipped with a hot-blast oven, a device to preheat the air blown . . . — Map (db m110123) HM
48Kentucky (Bath County), Mud Lick — 1342 — Olympian Springs
This famous resort, known by 1791 as Mud Lick Springs, was favored for a century by such prominent visitors as Henry Clay. First stagecoach route in Kentucky began in 1803 between here and Lexington. Many Lexingtonians fled here from cholera . . . — Map (db m146665) HM
49Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 940 — Bath County
Formed from Montgomery County, 1811. Named for its many mineral springs. The birthplace of CSA Gen. John B. Hood and US Senator Richard H. Menefee. Owingsville named for Col. Thomas D. Owings. Organizer US 28th Inf. Reg., 1812. Associate in . . . — Map (db m26286) HM
50Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 993 — Bourbon Iron Works / Iron Made in Kentucky
Bourbon Iron Works Jacob Myers from Richmond, Va. took up land grants here on Slate Creek, 1782. He built the first iron blast furnace in Ky., 1791. John Cockey Owings and Co. formed to operate furnace. Utensils and tools supplied settlers. . . . — Map (db m110121) HM
51Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1528 — Capt. John “Jack” Jouett, Jr.
This famous Revolutionary War hero, who rode 40 mi. to warn Jefferson, Patrick Henry and other legislators of British approach, June 3, 1781, is buried in Bath Co. Jack Jouett of Va. galloped all night from Cuckoo Tavern to Monticello to . . . — Map (db m26285) HM
52Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 592 — Courthouse Burned
Twenty-two Kentucky courthouses were burned during the Civil War, nineteen in last fifteen months: twelve by Confederates, eight by guerillas, two by Union accident. See map on reverse side. March 21, 1864, Union troops fled courthouse here as . . . — Map (db m79185) HM
53Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 862 — Gen. Hood Birthplace
John Bell Hood, 1831-79, graduate of West Point, 1853. Eight years Indian campaigns. Resigned, 1861, and joined CSA as colonel, heading Texas Brigade. Gained distinction at Sharpsburg, Fredericksburg, 1862, and at Gettysburg, Chickamauga, 1863. . . . — Map (db m110149) HM
54Kentucky (Bath County), Owingsville — 1193 — Owings House / Thomas Dye Owings
Owings House Built 1811-14 for Colonel Thomas Dye Owings by Benjamin Latrobe, who redesigned the interior of the US Capitol after the British burned it, War of 1812. This house was a center of social life during early 1800's. Henry Clay, . . . — Map (db m110150) HM
55Kentucky (Bath County), Salt Lick — 1050 — Clear Creek Furnace / Iron Made in Kentucky
Clear Creek Furnace Built in 1839, 5 miles south, by W. A. Lane and W. S. Allen. Stone stack originally 40 ft. high and 10 1/2 ft. across inside, burning charcoal. Air blast powered by steam. Its iron was used mainly for railway car wheels. . . . — Map (db m110122) HM
56Kentucky (Bath County), Sharpsburg — 2509 — Henry Tureman Allen
Side 1 Born in Sharpsburg on April 13, 1859, Allen attended Peeks Mill Military Academy and Georgetown College before graduating from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1882. He was sent to the western frontier, where he led . . . — Map (db m110168) HM
57Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 521 — A Masterful RetreatConfederate Raids and Invasions, and a Federal Retreat, in Kentucky
During the Civil War, Cumberland Gap was held alternately by Union and CSA armies. USA forces under Gen. George W. Morgan occupied it June 18 to Sept. 17, 1862. Cut off from supplies and surrounded, Morgan with 9,000 men retreated successfully to . . . — Map (db m50230) HM
58Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 129 — Colonel Arthur Campbell
Grave of Colonel Arthur Campbell (1743-1811). Statesman, revolutionary soldier, justice, legislator, county lieutenant. Sons, James and John killed in War of 1812. — Map (db m57938) HM
59Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2217 — Lewis and Clark in Kentucky Cumberland GapCumberland Gap
Side A: Meriwether Lewis, coleader of the Lewis & Clark Expedition, with a party of Expedition veterans and a Mandan Indian delegation, went through Cumberland Gap in Nov. 1806 en route to Washington to report on the expedition. (Over) . . . — Map (db m33299) HM
60Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 2225 — Middlesboro Meteorite Crater Impact Site
Side A: Designated by the Kentucky Society of Professional Geologists as a Distinguished Geological Site. Middlesboro is one of only a few cities on the North American Continent located in the basin of a meteorite impact structure. . . . — Map (db m33296) HM
61Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 832 — Middlesborough
English colony founded in 1886 by Alexander Arthur. Project financed by English company, the American Association, because of timber and rich mineral deposits here. Almost 100,000 mountainous acres in Va., Tenn., and Ky. purchased for the . . . — Map (db m33297) HM
62Kentucky (Bell County), Middlesboro — 1227 — Mountain Vision
Alexander Arthur, 1846-1912, an outstanding figure in history of Middlesboro. He came here in 1885 to prospect, discovering coal and iron ore deposits. President of American Association, formed to carry out his plans for a mining and manufacturing . . . — Map (db m33298) HM
63Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1426 — Cumberland Ford
One of the most important points on the Wilderness Road marked by Daniel Boone in 1775. Ford first used by Indians, then by early explorers and the Long Hunters. After Boone opened the way west, more than 100,000 settlers used the crossing as a . . . — Map (db m35831) HM
64Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 198 — Joshua Fry Bell
Bell County formed from Harlan and Knox Counties, 1867. Named for Joshua Fry Bell, 1811-70, Congressman, Ky. Sec. of State, Comr. to peace conference in 1861 and State Legislator. He was g. grandson of Dr. Thomas Walker, explorer of Ky. wilderness, . . . — Map (db m35871) HM
65Kentucky (Bell County), Pineville — 1272 — Wallsend Mine
The first to begin operations in Bell County, starting in 1889, with 1500 acres of coal land. Extension of the Louisville and Nashville Railroad to this area in 1888 marked the beginning of a new industrial era. This mine was not a financial success . . . — Map (db m35854) HM
66Kentucky (Boone County), Bullittsburg — 2367 — Bullittsburg Baptist Church
It has been called the "Mother Church" because from 1800-1915 its members organized other churches within the tri-state area. Between 1871 and 1873, an outdoor keyhole baptismal pool was built of stone masonry at the site of a natural . . . — Map (db m133224) HM
67Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — 2412 — From Craig’s Camp / To Burlington
In June 1799, Boone County's first court set Craig's Camp as county seat. The next year, John H. Craig and Robert Johnson donated 74 acres at the Woolper Creek site for a town they called Wilmington. Court held here in a log courthouse in Jan. . . . — Map (db m133144) HM
68Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — 2415 — George Speri Sperti (1900-1991) / Boonetucky Farm
Born in Covington to Italian immigrants, he graduated from the University of Cincinnati in 1923. He was the director of Institutum Divi Thomae, a medical research foundation, from 1935 to 1988. Sperti invented well-known pharmaceutical . . . — Map (db m133141) HM
69Kentucky (Boone County), Burlington — 2420 — The Dinsmore HomesteadClassic “Old Kentucky Home”
Side A James and Martha Macomb Dinsmore moved from La. to raise their three daughters here. Completed in1842, the main house served as the center of a typical large, antebellum Boone Co. farm. tenants and slaves raised grains, grapes, . . . — Map (db m79304) HM
70Kentucky (Boone County), Florence — 1253 — Boone County, 1798
Formed by legislative act from a part of Campbell County. Names for Daniel Boone, renowned Kentucky pioneer-explorer. Big Boone Lick, graveyard of the mammoth, was discovered in 1729 by Capt. M. de Longueil. In 1756, Mary Inglis was brought . . . — Map (db m61867) HM
71Kentucky (Boone County), Florence — 2368 — Hopeful Lutheran Church
Hopeful Evangelical Lutheran Church was founded on Epiphany Day. 1806. by German-speaking families from Madison County, Virginia. Called “the Mother of Lutheranism west of the Allegheny Mountains,” it is the oldest Lutheran church . . . — Map (db m136081) HM
72Kentucky (Boone County), Florence — 550 — Skirmish at Florence
Union troops, had built forts around Covington to repel expected attack from CSA troops under Gen. Heth. Detachment of 101 CSA troops camped at Snow's Pond attacked here by scouting party of 53 USA cavalrymen Sept. 17, 1862. In the skirmish 1 Union, . . . — Map (db m133190) HM
73Kentucky (Boone County), Hebron — 2393 — 1937 Flood at Constance / Anderson Ferry
1937 Flood The Ohio River reached its peak on Jan. 26 at 79.9 ft. surpassing the 1884 record. Constance was the hardest hit town in Boone Co. but there were no fatalities. Route 8 between Constance & Taylorsport was almost completely . . . — Map (db m133629) HM
74Kentucky (Boone County), Hebron — 1640 — Center of Population of U.S. in 1880
The exact center of the population of the United States in 1880 was located within a few hundred yards of this plaque. North latitude 39° 4' 8" West longitude 84° 39' 40" Population base in 1880 was 49,371,340. — Map (db m133070) HM
75Kentucky (Boone County), Hebron — 2343 — Crash of AA 383
American Airlines flight 383, tail #N1996, was making an approach in rain when it crashed into this hillside on November 8, 1965 at 7:01 p.m. The 3-engine Boeing 727 Astrojet was en route from New York to Cincinnati. 58 people perished four . . . — Map (db m133173) HM
76Kentucky (Boone County), Hebron — Crash of TWA Flight 128
TWA flight 128, tail #N821TW, was making an approach in light snow when it crashed into an orchard approximately 1,000 feet north of here, on November 20. 1967 at 8:57 p.m. The four-engine Convair 880 was en route from Los Angeles . . . — Map (db m133136) HM
77Kentucky (Boone County), Hebron — 2380 — Crash of TWA Flight 694
TWA flight 694, tail #N93211, had taken off from the airport when it was struck by a private DC-3 & fell to the ground approximately 750 feet west of here, on January 12, 1955 at 9:04 a.m. The TWA Martin 202A was en route to Cleveland, Ohio & . . . — Map (db m133123) HM
78Kentucky (Boone County), Petersburg — 2459 — Lewis Loder (1819-1905) / Petersburg Distillery
Born in Pennsylvania, he moved to Petersburg in 1858 and lived in a c. 1840 house at Tanner & Front Sts. He served as justice of the peace and operated a tavern in his home for many years. Loder was hired as clerk & bookkeeper at the . . . — Map (db m133205) HM
79Kentucky (Boone County), Petersburg — 999 — Tanner’s Station 1789Frontier Outpost — First Settlement in Boone County —
Tanner’s Station 1789 First settlement in Boone County. Rev. John Tanner built blockhouse, and town began on 2000 acres he and John Taylor owned. Shawnees captured Tanner’s 9-year-old son here, held him until grown. An ardent Baptist, Tanner . . . — Map (db m79310) HM
80Kentucky (Boone County), Richwood — 4194 — Major John P. Gaines
Home site of John Pollard Gaines. 1795-1857. Fought in War of 1812. In state legislature, 1825-36. Major in the 1st Kentucky Cavalry and an aide-de-camp to Gen. Winfield Scott, in Mexican war. Elected to Congress, 1847-49, while prisoner of . . . — Map (db m133213) HM
81Kentucky (Boone County), Richwood — 1387 — Richwood Presbyterian Church
Services have been held by this old church continuously since it was founded in 1834 by Joseph Cabell Harrison, first pastor. He and cousin John Breckinridge in 1824 founded early religious paper in Ky. A cousin of Pres. William H. Harrison. . . . — Map (db m133216) HM
82Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Big Bone Lick — Marker #2 - Marker at the Museum - with Lewis and Clark marker —
Scientists consider William Clark’s dig at Big Bone Lick in 1807 as establishing American vertebrate paleontology. Bones found here by Clark included mastodon and mammoth. Prehistoric native American artifacts found were given to Dr. Wm. . . . — Map (db m79062) HM
83Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2394 — John Hunt Morgan Escape Route
On Nov. 28, 1863, after escaping from Ohio Penitentiary & taking a train to Cincinnati, CSA Gen. John Hunt Morgan & Capt. Thomas Hines crossed the Ohio River to Ludlow. Sympathetic Boone County residents, as well as Big Bone Baptist . . . — Map (db m136082) HM
84Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 2124 — Lewis and Clark in KentuckyBig Bone Lick
In Oct. 1803, while traveling down Ohio River to meet Wm. Clark for expedition to Pacific, Meriwether Lewis visited Big Bone Lick. He was to gather fossilized bones for Pres. Thomas Jefferson. In Sept. 1807, Clark supervised a 3-week dig for . . . — Map (db m79088) HM
85Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 859 — Mary Ingles
Reputed first white woman in Ky. Shawnees captured her and two sons in July 1755 at site Roanoke, Va. Led to village at mouth of Scioto River, separated from sons, taken to Big Bone Lick. compelled to make salt here; adopted by chief; given . . . — Map (db m79071) HM
86Kentucky (Boone County), Union — 1646 — Piatt’s Landing / General E.R.S. Canby
Side A Piatt's Landing Near here on the north bank of the Ohio River at mile 510.5 was a riverboat landing, ferry, and road to the courthouse at Burlington. The landing and large brick home that once stood near, later called Winnfield . . . — Map (db m79142) HM
87Kentucky (Boone County), Walton — 1765 — Abner Gaines House
In 1790s Abner Gaines built this Federal-style mansion and became owner of first stage line between Lexington and Cincinnati, 1818. House used as inn and stagecoach stop. It has 3 stairways and 10 carved mantels. Abner’s son, John P. Gaines, was . . . — Map (db m136083) HM
88Kentucky (Boone County), Walton — 2023 — Skirmish at Snow’s Pond
During 1862 Confederate invasion, rebel forces under General Basil W Duke searched for approaches to Cincinnati. On September 25, 1862, over 500 attacked a federal camp here commanded by Brig. Gen. Quincy A. Gillmore. Many USA prisoners were . . . — Map (db m133217) HM
89Kentucky (Boone County), Walton — 2510 — Walton CCC Camp Bean Ridge
Side 1 Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) company 3541 began here in July 1935 on a former ball park site owned by John L. Vest. Known as Camp Bean Ridge to the 200 men stationed here, it was 1 of 44 CCC camps in Kentucky In all, more . . . — Map (db m133269) HM
90Kentucky (Bourbon County), Millersburg — 2147 — Mae Street Kidd1904-99
(side 1) Born in Millersburg, Kidd devoted much of her life to civil rights causes. Served as representative in Ky. state legislature, 1968-85, earning her nickname, “Lady of the House.”Kidd led Ky.'s ratification . . . — Map (db m123690) HM
91Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1246 — Bourbon County, 1786
Named for the royal French family who aided the colonies in the War of Independence. Bourbon was one of nine Virginia counties formed before Kentucky became a state in 1792. From its original area all of twenty-four counties and parts of ten other . . . — Map (db m43621) HM
92Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 2295 — Bourbon Whiskey / Jacob Spears
Bourbon Whiskey Named after Bourbon Co. because of quantity and quality of whiskey produced within its borders. Made from a fermented mash of at least 51% corn, with less wheat, rye, or barley, yeast and limestone water. Distilled at no more . . . — Map (db m35597) HM
93Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 51 — Cane Ridge Meeting House
Built by Presbyterians, 1791. Here Barton W. Stone began his ministry, 1796. Famous revival attended by pioneers of many faiths, 1801. Springfield Presbytery dissolved and "Christian Church" launched, June 28, 1804. — Map (db m9724) HM
94Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 93 — Duncan Tavern
Built in 1788. Gathering place of pioneers. Shrine, Museum, Library. Restored by Kentucky Daughters of the American Revolution. — Map (db m43624) HM
95Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1824 — Eades Tavern
This log building lined with adz-hewn cherry was built as a tavern. In 1795 it became first post office in Paris. Thomas Eades then served as tavern owner and postmaster. Robert Trimble had home and law office here before becoming U.S. Supreme Court . . . — Map (db m43626) HM
96Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1722 — John Edwards 1748-1837 / Westwood
John Edwards 1748-1837 As early legislator, Edwards was member of the Virginia House of Delegates in 1781-83, 1785, 1786. He was a delegate to the convention to ratify Federal Constitution, June 1788, and to conventions that separated . . . — Map (db m43623) HM
97Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1283 — Johnston's Inn
Robert Johnston, a Revolutionary War captain, was born in Virginia in 1749. He and his wife operated a tavern in their house here from 1796-1812. Located on what was the main road between Maysville and Lexington, this inn served stage and horseback . . . — Map (db m67703) HM
98Kentucky (Bourbon County), Paris — 1596 — Silas Baptist Church1 mile west
Organized by 20 members of the Cooper's Run Church in 1800, with the help of Ambrose Dudley, George Eve and Augustine Eastin. They built at this site on land given, 1798, by Charles Smith, Sr. The log structure was replaced by a brick house of . . . — Map (db m35860) HM
99Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 1211 — Ashland
Settled by 1799 by members of the Poage family of Virginia. Known as Poage's Landing until named in 1854 for Henry Clay's Lexington estate, by the owners, Ky. Iron, Coal and Manufacturing Company. It engaged M. T. Hilton to lay out a town, then . . . — Map (db m59244) HM
100Kentucky (Boyd County), Ashland — 2184 — Booker T. Washington School
In 1894 Ashland Board of Education assumed management of “Negro School,” where African American William Reynolds was principal. In 1901 a bond issue passed with support of blacks and Superintendent J.G. Crabbe. School board then funded . . . — Map (db m127190) HM

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Oct. 22, 2020