On Nov. 11, 1935, Explorer II, released in Black Hills, bearing Captains Orville A. Anderson and Albert W. Stevens, after a record ascent to 72,395 feet landed here, instruments intact and with a wealth of new scientific knowledge. — — Map (db m180701) HM
Camp SCS-4 (Huron): located on SE corner of State Fair Grounds. Companies: 2770--10/31/35-10/7/37; 4725V--10/7/37-8/15/41.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work - relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, . . . — — Map (db m179885) HM
While with the Bureau of Reclamation, Glenn Sloan saw the possibility of using mountain water from the Missouri River to develop irrigation in the James River Valley.
His vision and determination made possible the broadened multi-purpose . . . — — Map (db m123908) HM
Where Does the West Begin?
Traditionally the American West has begun at the edge of the settled areas, always advancing with the sun. The Delaware River was the West of 1700; the Mississippi of 1820. Then the settlement of the Pacific . . . — — Map (db m179726) HM
Wolsey: A Crossroad of the Heartland
Wolsey has been a crossroad of the heartland of South Dakota from its beginnings. In 1880 the Dakota Central Railway, a subsidiary of the Chicago & North Western, laid track following a wagon trail called . . . — — Map (db m123906) HM
Camp BF-3: located 1 mile E, 4 miles S, 1 mile W & 5 miles S
Company: 4723 May 1937-Fall 1939
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused lands. The Army . . . — — Map (db m137082) HM
Home of roving Indians until 1862. The exploring party of Nicollet, scientist, and Fremont,
‘Pathfinder of the West,’ visited Oakwood Lakes July 1838, leaving the first reliable record.
The region East of the Big Sioux was ceded by the Santee . . . — — Map (db m181268) HM
Brookings: The county seat of Brookings County was platted October 3-4, 1879, when the Northwestern Railroad reached here. Some of the early store buildings were moved overland from Fountain and Medary, which soon became ghost towns. In November . . . — — Map (db m179949) HM
Created 1862; Organized 1871; Convention 1877
The County, created on paper in 1862, was organized July 3, 1871 and by 1877, there were communities at Lake Hendricks, Oakwood, Lake Village and Medary, and all had delegates to the nominating . . . — — Map (db m179959) HM
The Dakota Land Company of St. Paul, hoping to make this site the capital of a proposed
Dakota Territory, started a town here, naming it for Samuel Medary, Governor of Minnesota
Territory. Towns were also begun at Flandreau and Sioux Falls, the . . . — — Map (db m179957) HM
The mounds found in Oakwood Lakes are typical of numerous such mounds in eastern South Dakota. Ten mounds have been located at Oakwood lakes and have been dated about A. D. 300 to A.D. 1400. Probably the remanents of late Woodland or Middle Missouri . . . — — Map (db m179695) HM
Probably built by two companies of the 2nd Infantry, under command of Capt. D. Davidson, in June-July, 1859. Parapets were then about 5 ft. high. A log house once stood in the center, but was razed long ago for firewood. Cannon . . . — — Map (db m179795) HM
This log cabin stands on the original site where it was constructed in 1869 by Samuel "Ol Spot" Mortimer.
Mortimer, a shoemaker from New York, came to Dakota Territory after hearing stories of the rich fur trade in the Big Sioux Valley. In . . . — — Map (db m179782) HM
You are about to enter
home of roving Indians until 1862. The exploring party of Nicollet, scientist, and Fremont, "Pathfinder of the West," visited Oakwood Lakes, July 1838, leaving the first reliable record.
The . . . — — Map (db m181265) HM
All early maps (1838-1879) showed the Hole-in-The-Mountain or Mountain Pass where Coteau Perce creek drained SW from Lake Benton to the Big Sioux. It is 8 miles SE. Nicollet & Fremont, first explorers, visited the "Hole" on July 6, 1838 and . . . — — Map (db m177443) HM
The Lake Campbell Lutheran Church was originally the Medary Norwegian Evangelical Lutheran Congregation, Brookings County, Dakota Territory. The congregation was organized June 13, 1870 at the John Thompson home in Sverdrup Township Minnehaha . . . — — Map (db m179962) HM
Oakwood Lakes, called by the Sioux, Te-tonka-ha, meaning the place of the Great Summer Lodge, lie in a scenic state park 7 miles N and 3 W. First visitors of record were Nicollet & Fremont. July 8, 1838.
During the Indian Disturbances of . . . — — Map (db m179802) HM
Lake Hendricks Norwegian Colony of 1873
The first settlers at Lake Hendricks were 31 Norwegians, arriving July 14, 1873, with 11 covered wagons and 30 cattle. On May 14, 1873 they left Houston County, Minn., and Allamakee and Winneshiek . . . — — Map (db m179811) HM
Lake Hendricks State Park
This lake was named for Thomas A. Hendricks (1819-1885), Commissioner of the General Land Office, 1855-59, at which time the state boundary was surveyed and the lake named. Hendricks was a Member of Congress, 1851-55; . . . — — Map (db m184234) HM
(northwest section, side 1)
Day is done. Gone the sun.
From the lake. From the hills. From the sky:
All is well. Safely rest: God is nigh.
Fading light. Dims the sight.
And a star gems the sky. Gleaming bright.
From afar . . . — — Map (db m112664) HM
Two German-language newspapers, Dakota Freie Press (DFP) and Neue Deutsche Presse (NDP), were located a short distance from here at 524 South Main St. Owner and editor, Friedrich Wilheim Sallet, emigrated from East Prussia and published DFP for . . . — — Map (db m90571) HM
Located at the mouth of Elm River, Columbia has a notable history.
Here was the wintering place of Waneta "Cuthead Band"of Yanctonaise Sioux.
Here was the site of the scout's camp from which in 1866, Sam J. Brown
started his famous "ride in . . . — — Map (db m179946) HM
In 1880, John Daly and his four sons - George, John Charles ("JC"), Edward and Austin arrived at this location from Michigan.
It was here that "Daly Corners" started. On the northwest corner was J.C. Daly's tree claim and his homestead was on . . . — — Map (db m206716) HM
The united Norwegion Luthern church.
In memory of the pioneer members of the Aurland congregation, organized in 1885. Rev Rogne was the first Pastor. The services wer held in homes & school houses until when in . . . — — Map (db m206714) HM
This monument was created to forever make available the story of those Finnish people who early came to Brown and Dickey Counties, and settled there.
Erected by the Savo Finnish Historical Society under the direction of John G. Peterson, the . . . — — Map (db m206703) HM
Created with its twin, North Dakota, 2 November 1889, its 77,047 square miles ranks 15th in size. Those square miles include; exceptional corn land in the SE, grass land in the W, wheat land in the N and Productive land all over. Its lowest point, . . . — — Map (db m177397) HM
Camp BF-2 (Sand Lake): 2 1/2 miles W and 2 1/2 miles S at headquarters. Company: 2749--6/28/35 - 7/31/39.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, the CCC provided work . . . — — Map (db m100979) HM
Ralph Herseth, 1909 - 1969, was born on a ranch near Houghten and grew to manhood here. He graduated from Columbia High School and attended North Dakota State College. As a farmer - rancher, he raised wheat, corn, and Aberdeen Angus cattle and . . . — — Map (db m180972) HM
Named for Selah Chamberlain, a Milwaukee RR official, the site was scene of an encounter between Jean Baptiste Trudeau and the Teton Sioux in 1794 and when Samuel H. Morrow surveyed the area, in November of 1868, he found a ranch on American Creek . . . — — Map (db m184645) HM
Dedicated July 7, 1974 by Governor Richard F. Kneip
Meriwether Lewis and William Clark with their party camped at several points
near this crossing. In September 1804, continuous rain had soaked their gear.
They stopped near Ocoma, above . . . — — Map (db m180987) HM
You are about to enter South Dakota Created with its twin, North Dakota, 2 November 1889, its 77,047 square miles ranks 15th in size. Those square miles include: exceptional corn land in the SE, grass land in the W, wheat land in the N. and . . . — — Map (db m44710) HM
Side A The Flint store and post office was built on this site in 1895. It was named after Moses E. Flint, and early homesteader. Mr. Flint served as a teamster with General Custer on the 1876 campaign against the Sioux which ended with the . . . — — Map (db m112082) HM
In 1901 Pollock was founded as the end point of the Soo Line rail service from Wishek, ND. Soo Line officials requested the town be named Pollock in honor of R.Y. Pollock, a pioneer lay minister and respected citizen of the . . . — — Map (db m112084) HM
First Abbot of St. Meinrad Archabbey, First Bishop of the Dakota Territory, began to visit the Indians in this territory in 1877. He established the first Indian Mission called St. Ann’s Mission of Wheeler, . . . — — Map (db m177442) HM
This Memorial dedicated to all veterans of Clark County and to those who will come after us for their service to God and Country. They gave the supreme sacrifice
Sponsored by American Legion and Veterans of Foreign Wars Posts and . . . — — Map (db m183482) WM
Samuel H. Elrod was born near Coatesville, Indiana, May 1, 1856. Having worked his way through Asbury College, now Depauw University, graduating in 1882, he passed the Indiana Bar Examinations and headed for Dakota Territory. Arriving in Watertown . . . — — Map (db m183480) HM
In 1931 an economic depression spread across South Dakota and the nation. A drouth ravished crops and unemployment was widespread.
In an effort to raise the morale of the people and to give amateur baseball players an opportunity to compete, . . . — — Map (db m183478) HM
The Southeast South Dakota Experiment Farm was organized on April 5th 1956, for the purpose of conducting a research demonstration farm in Southeast South Dakota. It was through the efforts of the Norgren family, farmers, and other interested people . . . — — Map (db m182240) HM
Named for a grading contractor on the Dakota Southern Railway, built in 1872. George W. Gilbert became the first postmaster on 29 April 1873. Prior to that Lincoln Post Office, Charles M. Taylor, Postmaster, 27 July 1864 was nearby to the south. In . . . — — Map (db m179347) HM
August Bruyer, his wife, Josephine (Simon) and their sons, John and Julius, were born in France, coming to America about the middle of the nineteenth century. By 1858, they had settled in Fairview Township, 4 miles east of what was to be Vermillion. . . . — — Map (db m179897) HM
On November 25, 1935, 17 farmers from Clay and Union counties held an historic meeting at the Manning/O'Connor store in Burbank, three miles south of this spot. Their purpose was to form a consumer-owned corporation which would allow the rural . . . — — Map (db m179899) HM
This stone marks the place where, on the twenty first day of July A.D. 1875, A.L. 5875, the Most Worshipful Grand Lodge, Ancient Free and Accepted Masons of Dakota, was constituted and the officers installed.
Thos. H. . . . — — Map (db m179206) HM
August 24, 1804, Lewis & Clark camped near the White Stone (Vermillion) River and next day visited Spirit Mound 8 miles north. The military road, Sioux City - Ft. Randall after 1855 provided access, as did steamboats. A. C. Van Meter . . . — — Map (db m179392) HM
During the Moon of the Harvest (August) in 1773 a band of Sioux were camped on the shore of this lake. We-Wa-Ke, fairest maiden in the camp had given her heart to a brave young warrior, Big Eagle, whose courage on the hunt and in battle far . . . — — Map (db m180984) HM
Arthur C. Mellette was elected first Governor of the State of South Dakota in 1889. Although Watertown lost in its bid to obtain the State Capital, which was established in Pierre, the Mellettes maintained their home in Watertown.
While the . . . — — Map (db m181946) HM
This depot, originally the Rock Island Lines New Passenger Station and Division Office Building, was erected as a joint venture of
the Rock Island, and the Minneapolis and St. Louis Railroads in
1912 for $50,000.00.
Over the years, it has . . . — — Map (db m90413) HM
This tower was constructed in 1987 to house the old town clock. The city purchased the clock from Dakota Loan and Trust Co in 1887 for $1,000. The clock was moved to a tower on top of city hall in 1889. The old City Hall was demolished in 1965 . . . — — Map (db m169947) HM
1835 Joseph LaFramboise had trade post at Two Woods Lake (Chanopa.
1838 Nicollet & Fremont , explorers, visited SE Codington County.
1840 Rev. Stephen Return Riggs enroute, Lac Qui Parle to Ft. Pierre, traversed the area.
1856 Capt. Alfred . . . — — Map (db m177449) HM
Sakakawea won her place in history as the indomitable guide of Lewis and Clark on their trip to the Pacific in 1805. She was a member of the Shoshoni tribe dwelling near the Big Horn mountains in Montana. In one of the frequent tribal conflicts she . . . — — Map (db m190173) HM
At this point the Bismarck-Deadwood Stage Trail passed in a line extending about 240 miles from northeast to southwest. In 1877, the Dakota Territorial Legislature commissioned the survey of the trail, which transported passengers and freight . . . — — Map (db m190174) HM
First white man in the Black Hills, this courageous and brawny beaver trapper in 1823 led a dozen Mountain Men from Fort Kiowa to the Yellowstone. His party entered the Black Hills via the old bison trail through Buffalo Gap near here.
Born in . . . — — Map (db m89396) HM
In Memory of
Anna Donna Tallent
Teacher and Author.
Born in New York State
April 12, 1827.
Died in Sturgis, S. Dakota
February 13, 1901.
The first white woman
to enter the Black Hills.
Arriving in Custer City
in December . . . — — Map (db m185226) HM
This picturesque valley was the site of the permanent camp of the Black Hills Expedition of 1874 under the command of General George A. Custer of the 7th Cavalry. Their 5 day stay was the longest stop made during the entire expedition and General . . . — — Map (db m180983) HM
Camp SP-3 (DSP-1 in 1934): NE 2 miles, end of CSP road on French Creek. Company: 2757 - 7/28/34-10/1/41.
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal work-relief program during the Great Depression. From 1933 to 1942, the CCC provided work for . . . — — Map (db m124589) HM
Camp F-14 Lightning Creek: located 0.7 mile NW on road 288. Companies: 1783V--10/17/33-Spring 34 791--4/30/34-Fall 41
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that gave jobless men work renovating abused . . . — — Map (db m185227) HM
Camp NP-1 (DNP-1): located southeast of the cave entrance
in Wind Cave Canyon.
Companies: 2754 -- 7/16/34 - 11/1/39
2757 detachment -- 4/18/40 - 8/1/40
The Civilian Conservation Corps was a federal relief program during 1933-1942 that . . . — — Map (db m134564) HM
In 1932, Cecil Clyde Gideon, forged ahead with the design of the Pigtail Bridges when many felt it couldn’t be done. C.C., as he was called, was a pioneer in the Black Hills, making his mark as a master builder, architect, craftsman, lawman, highway . . . — — Map (db m89460) HM
Carl Gunderson was born June 20, 1864 on his family's homestead near Vermillion. He graduated from the University of South Dakota in 1890. Gunderson farmed in Clay and Aurora counties and was a leader of the Wheat Growers Association. He was also a . . . — — Map (db m179896) HM
This tree, regarded as "medicine" by the Indians, a scrawny hackberry, growing out of a rock, near Bois Cache Creek, soon to be lost to rising waters of Oahe Lake, on April 12, 1863 was rescued in a joint enterprise of the S. D. Dept. of History and . . . — — Map (db m180131) HM
The site of the junction of two old trails—the "Jimtown" Trail first mail route of the James River Valley and the Fort Thompson Trail much used in the Black Hills Gold Rush.
Close to this junction was Firesteel the pioneer settlement and trading . . . — — Map (db m180135) HM
Used for many years in White's mill on "Jim" River, 4 miles east of Mitchell, to grind flour for the homesteaders and farmers who hauled their wheat to the "grist" mill
In memory of my father
John R. White
and other pioneers of 1879 . . . — — Map (db m180133) HM
During the early 1880's, a small group of Swedish settlers left their homeland to come to Dakota Territory where they took up homesteads in this vicinity. On September 15, 1883, after holding services and meetings in their homes, they organized "The . . . — — Map (db m180277) HM
You are entering
Colin Campbell had an early trade post on Elm River for Waneta's Cuthead Band of Yanctonaise Sioux. Leblanc's wintering post of 1835 was burnt and in 1836 he built a new one at the Talles Chenes . . . — — Map (db m206641) HM
Indians from the Lake Region now Northeastern South Dakota visited this area frequently in the early 1800's and white traders also traveled this way while buying furs. The government survey party of Horace J. Austin arrived June 21, 1879, and began . . . — — Map (db m197685) HM
Born at Johnson, Vermont, Sept. 12, 1840. His father died when he was 4 and at 6 he was bound out to work on a farm. He had 3 months schooling per year until 14 when, to get better educational opportunity, he got a store job for room and board and . . . — — Map (db m179944) HM
Pioneering was never easy. In Dakota, drought, and grasshoppers, blizzards, and prairie fires were all occupational hazards. In sparse timbered areas, the settlers lived in dugouts and sod houses, enduring the hardships common to all . . . — — Map (db m185035) HM
The farmers and farm organizations of Day County herewith seek to perpetuate the memory of and appreciation for one of Day County's farmers, agronomist and plant pathologist:
Edgar S. McFadden
The son of humble Christian parents was born . . . — — Map (db m91410) HM
Born at Arendal, Norway, January 22, 1904, and came to the United States when three years old, settling in Lincoln County near Canton. Taught history and speech at Webster High School, 1932 to 1935. Completed law course at University of South Dakota . . . — — Map (db m179945) HM
Following the 1862 Minnesota Indian Uprising where nearly 600 men, women, and children were killed, the United States Army at Fort Wadsworth recruited friendly Indians as scouts to restrict the hostile Indians from white settlements. A half-breed, . . . — — Map (db m179955) HM
Founded in 1881 and named for J.P. Webster who homesteaded the townsite. Railroad supply point for Fort Sisseton (Fort Wadsworth) frontier outpost established 20 miles north in 1864. Gateway to
Northeastern South Dakota Lake Region whose abundance . . . — — Map (db m179947) HM
On October 25th, 1944 at 3:50 p.m. an A26-B two engine medium bomber from the Watertown Army Airbase crashed and burned in a field on the northwest quarter of section 12 of Butler township, which is two miles south and one mile west of this site. . . . — — Map (db m91404) HM
The town of Firesteel takes its name from nearby Firesteel Creek. First known as “Firesteel Station”, it started in May of 1910 with an influx of settlers drawn by rumors an entire section (square mile) to become a government townsite. Many who had . . . — — Map (db m161846) HM
A great town while it lasted, Grand View became Douglas County's third county seat when it won out over Huston, the second and Douglas City by 11 votes in 1882. Brownsdale the first, a phantom city, had been a brief but expensive luxury. Grand View . . . — — Map (db m180686) HM
Plaque South Post East Side.
This pillar of the Memorial Arch of Ipswich is erected in honor of the valiant men of the Community of Ipswich who answered our country's call to arms in the World War 1917-1918 and as an everlasting monument to . . . — — Map (db m182239) HM WM
Found near Mobridge, the impression was tediously incised by some old Indian intent on building himself up as a medicine man. Once formed it was a symbol of great power and was venerated by the Indians who believed it the work of the "Wakan" or . . . — — Map (db m179940) HM
On March 22, 1883 the 300 Members of a Welsh colony arrives by train at Aberdeen, South Dakota. Thirty families led by William E. Powell arrived here on the 29th and built the "Big Shanty or Shanty Mawr" on the Hugh Griffin claim on Section 9, 1 . . . — — Map (db m177873) HM
Camp at the Mouth of the Red Canyon, sometimes called Camp Collier, was established at this site in mid-June 1876 to protect travelers over the 150-mile Cheyenne-Black Hills stage road. It came into being after the Sioux, resentful of the white . . . — — Map (db m184460) HM
The Cheyenne to Deadwood Stage Line changed routes several times during its history.
In 1876 and 1877, the Cheyenne to Deadwood stagecoaches came through what would become present day Edgemont over what was known as Pollock’s Cutoff Route. The . . . — — Map (db m119900) HM
In early 1890, the Burlington Railroad established Siding 7 three-quarters of a mile up the tracks north from here. The siding consisted of four short, fan-shaped tracks and a hand-operated turntable over an open pit used for servicing engines. . . . — — Map (db m119899) HM
According to tradition, American Indians were stricken with an epidemic known as “fell disease” about the middle of the 16th century that threatened to obliterate the tribes. A messenger arrived from the Great West with news of a . . . — — Map (db m124081) HM
Tribal tradition states that as long ago as the 16th century the Fall River Valley and canyon area were seldom without groups of tipis belonging to North American Plains Tribes. They knew the curative value of the warm springs located there and used . . . — — Map (db m184455) HM
John S. Robertson (1866-1937) was a pioneer in farming and fruit growing in the Black Hills. His dryland orchard was located about four miles north, at an elevation of 4,200 feet. Born in Ohio in 1866, Robertson homesteaded in Fall River County in . . . — — Map (db m184459) HM
This highway along Fall River is dedicated to Leslie Jensen, 15th Governor of South Dakota 1937-1939, a native of Hot Springs, and a son of Chris Jensen, Black Hills Pioneer and Lillie May Haxby Jensen. Educated in Hot Springs, Culver Military . . . — — Map (db m184428) HM
This highway along Fall River is dedicated to Leslie Jensen, 15th Governor of South Dakota 1937-1939, a native of Hot Springs, and a son of Chris Jensen, Black Hills Pioneer and Lillie May Haxby Jensen. Educated in Hot Springs, Culver Military . . . — — Map (db m184450) HM
Gigantic Mammoths, ancestors of the elephants of today, once roamed freely across the High Plains of North America. A repository of their remains, along with other prehistoric animals, lay undisturbed until their discovery over 26,000 years later, . . . — — Map (db m184458) HM
Approximately 125 yards east of this spot the Wood Stage Station served as a stop on the Sydney to Deadwood Trail. This station offered the first glimpse of the Black Hills to travelers seeking their fortune in the newly opened gold fields. The . . . — — Map (db m184456) HM
Born Oct. 23, 1858 on a farm near Volney, Iowa. Homesteaded in McCook County, South Dakota in 1879. Moved to Faulk County in 1883 where he married Emma Beaver in 1888. The following year the first of five sons was born. Gov. Byrne was elected to the . . . — — Map (db m179950) HM
First county seat of Faulk County, when this area surveyed October 1882 by Albert Mellen, Louis Kniesel just south and F.M. McMullen, a mile west, were "squatting" on the land. First post office, Cecrops, Nora Reppy, postmistress, was . . . — — Map (db m179952) HM
In this city, on July 17, 1925, by action of the South Dakota Department of the American Legion, the nation-wide organization of Legion Junior Baseball was first proposed as a program of service to the youth of America. — — Map (db m197681) HM
In 1877 some Sisseton Christian Indians sponsored by the Presbyterian Mission, with Daniel Renville as native pastor, decided to take homesteads near Yellowbank Creek north of this point. That year they erected their church, the first in Grant . . . — — Map (db m197527) HM
was established by Brig. Gen. W. S. Harney in 1856 and named by him for Col. Daniel Randall, Deputy Paymaster U.S. Army. Construction was started on June 26, 1856 by 1st Lts. George H. Paige, 2nd Inf. and D.S. Stanley, 1st Cavalry, Col. E. Lee 2nd . . . — — Map (db m188367) HM
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