“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Niagara Region, Ontario

The Old Welland Canal Marker image, Touch for more information
By Dale K. Benington, June 11, 2012
The Old Welland Canal Marker
1Ontario, Niagara Region, Allanburg — The Old Welland Canal
Originally conceived in 1818 by its promoter, William Hamilton Merritt, to divert trade from the Erie Canal and New York and built under private auspices, the canal was opened to traffic in 1829. After additional work in 1833, the canal with its 40 . . . Map (db m75850) HM
2Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Battle of Chippawa
[Text on the West Side]: Battle of Chippawa 5 July 1814 In memory of all those who fought on this ground, many of whom are buried nearby, and to commemorate the peace that has prevailed between Canada and the . . . Map (db m49393) HM
3Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 1Background to a Battle
On these fields and the surrounding woods 4,000 American, British, Canadian and Native forces fought the first major battle of the Niagara campaign of 1814. When the last shots died away on Samuel Street's farm, more than 800 lay dead and wounded. . . . Map (db m49398) HM
4Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 2Opening Strikes — July 5, 1814 3:00 p.m. —
At dawn 5 July 1814, parties of Canadian-Militia and British allied Native Warriors scouted the American camp. They began sniping from the bushes on the north side of Street's Creek and this continued throughout the morning. Around noon, General . . . Map (db m49399) HM
5Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 3Advance to Contact — July 5, 1814 3:30 p.m. —
Major General Phineas Riall, the British commander, had repaired the bridge over the Chippawa and ordered his own Regular light infantry, the local Canadians of the 2nd Lincoln Militia and a force of Native Warriors, to clear out the now scattered . . . Map (db m49400) HM
6Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 4Battle on the Plain — July 5, 1814 4:30 p.m. —
British General Riall was convinced that the greater part of Brown's army was still surrounding Fort Erie. He did not know the Fort had surrendered and he was facing the entire U.S. division. Still, the number of men deployed on both sides was . . . Map (db m49402) HM
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7Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 5Final Stages — July 5, 1814 5:30 p.m. —
As the battle raged, more American artillery deployed to the middle of the plain between the 11th U.S. and the lone 25th U.S. company, less than 100 meters (109 yards) from the British line. General Brown then led Ripley's brigade across Street's . . . Map (db m49403) HM
8Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Chippawa Battlefield Panel 6The Aftermath
The Aftermath. In the days following the battle, General Brown's victorious troops advanced another 25 kilometers (18 miles) north to Fort George before retiring back to Niagara Falls when more British troops arrived in the area. They met the . . . Map (db m49404) HM
9Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Church of the Holy Trinity
A frame church was built here following the arrival in 1820 of an Anglican missionary, the Reverend William Leeming. It was burned on the night of September 12-13, 1839, by supporters of William Lyon Mackenzie who crossed the Niagara River from New . . . Map (db m78869) HM
10Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Fort Chippawa 1791
The fortifications which stood on this site were built in 1791 to protect the southern terminus of the Niagara portage road, and serve as a forwarding depot for government supplies. Known also as Fort Welland, the main structure consisted of a log . . . Map (db m49164) HM
11Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Navy IslandÎle Navy
The British used Navy Island from 1761 to 1764 as a shipyard in which to build the first British decked vessels to sail the upper lakes. These were essential in maintaining the supply lines westward during Pontiac's uprising, 1763-4. Thereafter the . . . Map (db m49052) HM
12Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Niagara River Remedial Action Plan
Niagara's beauty has been an inspiration for today's environmental movement. Early conservationists such as George Catlin and Frederick Olmstead, who invented the concept of national parks, came to view its wonders. Nurtured by such visions and . . . Map (db m64652) HM
13Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — Raid on Fort Schlosser 1813
At daybreak on July 5, 1813, a British and Canadian force, consisting of some 35 militia and a small detachment of the 49th Regiment, embarked in this vicinity to attack Fort Schlosser. This American depot (now within Niagara Falls, New York) was . . . Map (db m49163) HM
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14Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — The Battle of ChippawaLa Bataille de Chippawa
Here, on 5 July 1814, an American army under Major-General Jacob Brown launched the last major invasion of Canada during the War of 1812. The Americans defeated a British and Canadian force commanded by Major-General Phineas Riall consisting of . . . Map (db m49050) HM
15Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — The Battle of Chippawa
On this site was fought The Battle of Chippawa July 5, 1814. Preservation of the Battleground was made possible by The Niagara Parks Commission with the cooperation of Frank and Mildred Branscombe, River Realty . . . Map (db m49460) HM
16Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — The Destruction of The Caroline, 1837
On the night of December 29-30, 1837, some 60 volunteers acting on the orders of Col. Allen Napier MacNab, and commanded by Capt. Andrew Drew, R.N., set out from Chippawa in small boats to capture the American steamer "Caroline". That vessel, which . . . Map (db m64651) HM
17Ontario, Niagara Region, Chippawa — The Founding of Chippawa
In 1792-94 a village grew up near Fort Chippawa on Chippawa Creek at the end of the new portage road from Queenston. In 1793 the creek was renamed the Welland River, but the village, where a post-office was opened before 1801, remained "Chippawa". . . . Map (db m54124) HM
18Ontario, Niagara Region, Crystal Beach — Capture of the "Somers" and "Ohio"
On the night of August 12, 1814 seventy seamen and marines, led by Captain Alexander T. Dobbs, R.N.,embarked in this vicinity to attempt the capture of three armed U.S. schooners lying off American-held Fort Erie. One of the six boats used had been . . . Map (db m53441) HM
19Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Bertie Street Ferry Landingc. 1796 - 1950
Over the centuries there have been many ferry landings along the Niagara River. Some were built by local merchants and some as government licenced landing points. The longest operating ferry dock was here, near the foot of present-day Bertie . . . Map (db m75876) HM
20Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Capture of the "Ohio" and "Somers"Prise des Goelettes "Ohio" et "Somers"
On the night of 12 August 1814, as a prelude to a British attack on Fort Erie, an expedition was mounted against three armed American schooners anchored off the fort. Captain Alexander Dobbs, R.N., embarked with 70 seamen and marines in six batteaux . . . Map (db m48913) HM
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21Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Conestoga Wagon Trek
The border between Canada and the United States of America has witnessed many migrations of people. At two times, however, the migration was primarily from south to north. That was in the troubled days just prior to the American Revolutionary War . . . Map (db m75851) HM
22Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Fort Erie
Three fortifications occupied this site. The first (1764-1779) and second (c. 1783-1803), located at lower levels, were abandoned when ice and water inundated the works. The third Fort Erie, built between 1805 and 1808, was repaired in January 1814 . . . Map (db m48912) HM
23Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Fort Erie Ferry Landings
Throughout the 1800s there were many ferry landings competing for business along the Niagara River. The map below is a compilation of some of these locations. Ferry leases were granted to: Col. John Warren Sr., John Warren Jr., Nelson . . . Map (db m75877) HM
24Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Fort Erie, Pro Patria Mori Cairn
[Text on the base of the Cairn]; Here are buried 150 British Officers and Men Who fell in the attack on Fort Erie On the 26th day of August, 1814, and three of the defenders, men of the United States Infantry, whose remains . . . Map (db m54139) HM
25Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Freedom Park
From around 1830 to 1860, thousands of freedom seekers used the Underground Railroad to reach sanctuary in Canada - the “promised land”. Many crossed the Niagara River from the United State to Fort Erie, including Josiah Henson and his . . . Map (db m75878) HM
26Ontario, Niagara Region, Fort Erie — Frenchman's Creek
In an effort to regain the initiative lost at Queenston, the Americans planned a general invasion for 28 November 1812. Before dawn advance parties crossed the Niagara River to cut communications between Fort Erie and Chippawa and to silence the . . . Map (db m49049) HM
27Ontario, Niagara Region, Grimsby — Engagement at the Forty Mile Creek
[English Text]: Engagement at the Forty Here at the Forty Mile Creek, on 8th June, 1813, American forces, retreating after the Battle of Stoney Creek, were bombarded by a British flotilla under Sir James Lucas Yeo. Indians and . . . Map (db m56704) HM
28Ontario, Niagara Region, Grimsby — Grimsby 1812 Bicentennial Flagpole
We dedicate this flagpole to the Grimsby 1812 Bicentennial peace garden in honour of the "Encounter at the Forty" at this site on June 8, 1813, a turning point in the War of 1812 by the United States and the British. Also, to celebrate 200 . . . Map (db m56993) HM
29Ontario, Niagara Region, Grimsby — Grimsby 1812 Bicentennial Gazebo
We dedicate this gazebo to the Grimsby 1812 Bicentennial Peace Garden and to the residents of Grimsby, In commemoration of 200 years of peace between Canada and the United States. The design of the gazebo was inspired by elements of Fort George . . . Map (db m57034) HM
30Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — About the year 1600 B.C. ...
About the year 1600 B.C., the Falls of Niagara was located at this point in the Niagara River. During the 12,000 year history of the Falls, it has receded from its initial breach of the escarpment at Queenston Height to is present location 3.66 km. . . . Map (db m79652) HM
31Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — American Withdrawal
After this fierce and bloody battle, General Brown ordered the American withdrawal southward. The American forces were not expelled from the position they won, but retired voluntarily. The British regained possession of the battlefield, but were in . . . Map (db m139920) HM
32Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Americans Withdraw
Around midnight, with both sides completely exhausted, the Americans withdrew to their camp at Chippawa. They left the British guns behind, allowing Drummond to reclaim them the following morning. “At the Falls of the Niagara we met the enemy . . . Map (db m139936) HM
33Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Battle Ground Hotel
Adam Fralick, a descendent of a United Empire Loyalist family, watched as the tourist industry grew around the War of 1812 battlefield at Lundy’s Lane. In 1836, he purchased this property and built the Battle Ground Hotel. Later, in 1850, Fralick . . . Map (db m139940) HM
34Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Battle of Lundy's LaneBataille de Lundy's Lane
This was the site of the bloodiest battle of the War of 1812. On the afternoon of 25th July, 1814, Lieutenant-General Gordon Drummond with about 2800 men engaged the invading American army which had recently been victorious at Chippawa. The . . . Map (db m49053) HM
35Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Battle Stages
The Battle of Lundy’s Lane was a turning Point in the War of 1812-14. While British reinforcements began arriving in North America following the defeat of Napoleon in Europe, the Americans were pushing to gain control of the Niagara Peninsula with . . . Map (db m139921) HM
36Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Battlefield Tourism
Following the close of the War of 1812, because both sides claimed victory here, the battlefield became a popular tourist destination. For many decades, veterans of the battle were available to conduct personal tours. In 1845, the first of five . . . Map (db m139943) HM
37Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Bicentennial of the Battle of Lundy’s Lane
. . . Map (db m139913) HM
38Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Bridgewater Mills
In the late 1790's the river flowed swiftly around these islands. The Bridgewater Mills, a water powered saw and grist mill and an iron foundry, where the first bar iron was made in Canada, were located here. The Mills were burned by the retreating . . . Map (db m53402) HM
39Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — British Retreat
Following the capture of his artillery by the Americans, Lt. General Drummond and his troops retreated from their defensive position on the height of land in the cemetery to this area on the north side of the hill. Starting before 10 p.m. and . . . Map (db m139914) HM
40Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Burch’s Mill
In 1786 John Burch, a United Empire loyalist, constructed a water-powered grist and sawmill on this site. He was the first to use the waters on the west bank of the Niagara River for industrial purposes. The mills were burned by the retreating . . . Map (db m79766) HM
41Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Buried Railway Trestle and Buried Gorge
The cut stone markers are the ends of a buried steel trestle that carried the tracks of the Niagara Falls Park and River Railway. It spanned the ravine created by Bowman’s Creek which eroded the soft glacial debris of the buried gorge of a . . . Map (db m79563) HM
42Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Burr Lockhart Plato1833 - 1905
Born into slavery in Logan County in what is now West Virginia U.S.A., Plato and several friends used the Underground Railroad to reach Canada in 1856, settling in Niagara Falls. He became a popular and respected businessman, as well as an active . . . Map (db m139961) HM
43Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Cecil Bishopp
In memory of Lt. Col. Cecil Bishopp who died of wounds received during the raid on Black Rock, New York, July 11, 1813 during the War of 1812. He was buried in this cemetery on July 17, 1813. In 1846 Bishopp’s two sisters erected this memorial in . . . Map (db m139969) HM
44Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Charles Green1740 - 1827 — United Empire Loyalist —
“If the captain wants me, he may come himself and if he does I will shoot him.” With these words, Charles Green refused induction into the N. Jersey rebel militia. Imprisoned, he escaped and joined the “King’s Rangers” a . . . Map (db m75879) HM
45Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Churches Atop of Drummond Hill
As early as 1795, a small log church, used by a number of denominations, was on top of this hill. Destroyed during the Battle of Lundy’s Lane on July 25, 1814, it was not replaced until 1819 when a combination church and schoolhouse was constructed . . . Map (db m139955) HM
46Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Drummond Hill Cemetery
Drummond Hill Presbyterian Church Present during the Battle of Lundy’s Lane, a former church once sat at the north east end of the cemetery. Built in 1887 by A.J. Lowell, the current church was then modernized in 1961. Captain Abraham Hull & . . . Map (db m139932) HM
47Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Ebenezer Community
In 1852 this was the site of the Ebenezer religious community of 800 people. It had log houses, a wharf, store, blacksmith shop, sawmill, woolen mill, flour mill, cannery, cabinet shop and a communal dining hall. Their best known product was high . . . Map (db m64653) HM
48Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Edgeworth Ussher, Esq.November 16, 1838
Here rests, in the hope of a joyful resurrection, the mortal remains of Edgeworth Ussher, Esq., whose devotion to his sovereign and exertions in the cause of his country at a critical period of the history of Canada, marked him out as an object for . . . Map (db m75852) HM WM
49Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Facing the American Attack
In the centre the repeated and determined attacks of the enemy were met by the 89th Regiment, the detachments of the Royals and King’s and the Light Company of the 41st, with the most perfect steadiness and intrepid gallantry, and the . . . Map (db m139922) HM
50Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Floral ClockHistory
The Floral Clock at Queenston was built by Ontario Hydro in 1950. The idea to build the attraction came from Dr. Richard Lankaster Heam, Hydro’s General Manager and Chief Engineer at the time. While preparing for a business trip to England, Mr. . . . Map (db m79106) HM
51Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Holding the High Ground
Early on the morning of July 26th, 1814, Lieutenant-General Sir Gordon Drummond awaited another attack on the Lundy's Lane hill near Niagara Falls. Throughout the previous night, this hill had been taken and retaken in the bloodiest, most hard . . . Map (db m49693) HM
52Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — I’ll Try, Sir
On the evening of July 25, 1814, Col. James Miller, commander of the 21st US Infantry Regiment, was asked if his regiment could silence the seven British guns that had been holding the attacking American Army at bay for several hours. Miller replied . . . Map (db m139956) HM
53Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Indian Ossuary
200 yards north west of the highest point was situated the largest Indian Ossuary yet discovered in the Province. First discovered in 1828. Bones and sand removed in 1908.Map (db m75853) HM
54Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — International Rainbow Bridge CommemorationKing George VI and Queen Elizabeth — June 7, 1939 —
The adjacent stone monument commemorates the visit of their majesties King George VI and Queen Elizabeth to view the site of the Rainbow Bridge on June 7, 1939. Originally laid at the base of the carillon tower, it was severely damaged by an . . . Map (db m115417) HM
55Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — José María Heredia(1803–1839) — Niágara —
Cuban poet and patriot who sang to Niagara and, as José Martí said, awakened “an ever-burning passion for freedom” in the hearts of all Cubans.                               Niagara                            (fragments) . . . Map (db m78068) HM
56Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Laura Secord
[Front Side of the Monument]: To perpetuate the name and fame of Laura Secord who walked alone nearly 20 miles by a circuitous difficult and perilous route, through woods and swamps and over miry . . . Map (db m49694) HM
57Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Louis Hennepin 1626 - c. 1705
{The west/city marker side, in English:} Born and educated in Belgium, Hennepin was ordained a Recollet (Franciscan) friar in France. He was an adventurer at heart and undertook priestly duties in several European countries before being . . . Map (db m35487) HM
58Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Lundy’s Lane Battlefield Gateway
Lundy’s Lane Battlefield Gateway Commemorated on July 25th, 2014 on the 200th anniversary of the Battle of Lundy’s Lane (1814 – 2014) The City of Niagara Falls acknowledges the generous contribution made by the following partners Government . . . Map (db m139945) HM
59Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Lundy's Lane Battlefield Commemorative WallCelebrating 100 Years — July 25, 2004 —
In celebration of the City of Niagara Falls Centennial, and the 190th Anniversary of the Battle of Lundy's Lane, fought on July 25, 1814. These limestone panels were created to pay tribute to those who lost their lives in the battle. Let us remember . . . Map (db m49739) HM
60Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Falls Park and River Railway
The Niagara River Recreation Trail at this point is laid along the former double-track roadbed of the Niagara Falls Park and River Railway. From 1892 to 1932, before there was an auto route along the gorge, this electric railway carried millions of . . . Map (db m79520) HM
61Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Falls Park and River Railway Powerhouse
The Niagara Falls Park and River Railway Powerhouse, built on this site in 1892, was the first hydraulic powerhouse to use water from the Canadian side of the Niagara River. It generated 2100 hp of direct current electricity for the electric . . . Map (db m66409) HM
62Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Glen
The Falls of Niagara were here about 7000 to 8000 years ago, three separate cataracts, about .8 kilometres (.5 miles) apart, fed by drainage from Lake Erie. Then suddenly, other lakes began to pour into Lake Erie, thereby increasing the outflow to . . . Map (db m34806) HM
63Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Park Greenhouses
These greenhouses were erected in the year 1946 as a part of the design of the Niagara Parks Commission to develop the natural magnificence of this historic district and to display its charms for the benefit not only of those who are residents of . . . Map (db m66411) HM
64Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Portage Road
Following the cession of the east bank of the Niagara River to the United States in 1783, the British authorities felt compelled to transfer the portage road around Niagara Falls to the west bank of the river. Opened in 1789 by a group of private . . . Map (db m75854) HM
65Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara River Recreation Trail
This trail is provided and maintained through the earnings of The Niagara Parks Commission. The Commission is a self-funding agency of the Ontario Government dedicated to preserving and enhancing the beauty of the lands adjacent to the Niagara River . . . Map (db m79579) HM
66Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Niagara Spanish Aero Car
Leonardo Torres Quevedo (1852–1936) was an ingenious Spanish engineer. Among his creations were algebraic machines, remote control devices, dirigibles and the world’s first computer. The Niagara Spanish Aero Car was designed by Leonardo . . . Map (db m79427) HM
67Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Nikola TeslaJuly 10, 1856 - January 7, 1943
Nikola Tesla was born to a Serbian family in the village of Smiljan, Croatia. He was a brilliant child who when only 12 years old, upon seeing a lithograph of Niagara Falls declared that one day he would put a wheel under it and “power the . . . Map (db m115358) HM
68Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Nikola TeslaAbout This Monument
Speaking about this monument, Canadian sculptor Les Drysdale says: “Tesla is as he would have appeared in 1896, age 39, about the time his inventions were being used to create hydroelectric power at Niagara Falls. As the story goes, . . . Map (db m115368) HM
69Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Nikola TeslaInventor — 1856-1943 —
The St. George Serbian Orthodox Church, Niagara Falls, in partnership with the Niagara Parks Commission, have erected this monument to Nikola Tesla. Physicist, inventor, electrical engineer. Tesla developed the world's first hydroelectric system . . . Map (db m115369) HM
70Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — One Hundredth Anniversary of the Battle of Lundy's Lane
This Memorial – is – Erected to Commemorate the celebration of the One Hundredth Anniversary of the Battle of Lundy's Lane Held here July 25th 1914 Under the Auspices – of – The . . . Map (db m54045) HM
71Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Rainbow Bridge
The Rainbow Bridge, owned and operated by the Niagara Falls Bridge Commission, was built in 1940-41 to replace the Upper Steel Arch Bridge. Its abutments are 15.1m (50 ft.) above the level of river ice jams. When it was built its 286m (950 ft.) arch . . . Map (db m64661) HM
72Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Ruth Redmond1903 - 1999
Ruth Redmond was a teacher at nearby Stamford Collegiate from 1926 to 1967. In 1954, Miss Redmond began purchasing properties that were adjacent to her home here on the north side of Lundy's Lane. This valuable land was part of the Lundy's Lane . . . Map (db m57035) HM
73Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Sir Casimir S. Gzowski 1813-1898
First chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission (1885-93) Gzowski was born in Russia of Polish parents. Forced to emigrate, following participation in the Polish Rising of 1830, he came to Canada in 1841. An exceptionally able engineer, he first . . . Map (db m37119) HM
74Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Site of Redan Battery
Near this spot Lieut-Col. John MacDonnell Attorney General of Upper Canada was mortally wounded 13th October 1812.Map (db m75855) HM
75Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Soldier's MonumentLundy's Lane
[Front Side of Monument]: Erected by the Canadian Parliament in honour of the victory gained by the British & Canadian Forces on this field on the 25th day of July, 1814 and in grateful remembrance . . . Map (db m49790) WM
76Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Stamford Cottage
200 yards north east of this point stood "Stamford Cottage" later known as "Stamford Park" the home of Sir Peregrine Maitland, Lieutenant Governor of Upper Canada from 1818 to 1828. The property was purchased in 1822 . . . Map (db m75856) HM
77Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Stamford Township HallErected 1874
John Latshaw architect Offices for Stamford Township and the City of Niagara Falls 1874-1970 and the Lundy's Lane Historical Museum since 1970 Commemorated by the Lundy's Lane Historical Society on the centenary of this . . . Map (db m196311) HM
78Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Stranded Scow
On August 6, 1918, this dumping scow broke loose from its towing tug about 1.6 kilometres (1 mile) upriver, with Gustav F. Lofberg and James N. Harris aboard. The men opened the bottom dumping doors and the scow grounded in the shallow rapids. They . . . Map (db m79781) HM
79Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Table Rock
This is the site of the historic landmark, Table Rock, a shelf of bare rock 61 metres (200 feet) long, 18.3 metres (60 feet) wide. Once part of the crest of the Horseshoe Falls it was left isolated when the Falls receded. Rock falls in 1818, 1828, . . . Map (db m64668) HM
80Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Table Rock HouseErected 1853. — Demolished 1926.
The first Table Rock House stood 150 yards north of here. Erected in the year 1853, it occupied a site opposite the historical landmark of Table Rock, an overhanging limestone ledge which fell into the Niagara Gorge in the year 1850.Map (db m78088) HM
81Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Aftermath of Battle
British and American forces suffered heavy losses at the Battle of Lundy’s Lane on July 25, 1814 and these were severe in proportion to the number of combatants. The casualty rates were nearly equal, as each side recorded around 800 casualties, . . . Map (db m139918) HM
82Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Americans Attack
Scott’s brigade approached from the south along the Portage Road. Shortly after 7pm on July 25, 1814, they emerged from the woods that covered the area south of this cemetery along present day Barker Street. Ahead, they saw the height of land at . . . Map (db m139926) HM
83Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Americans Capture the British Guns
The Americans surged forward, attempting to take the British position. This and repeated attempts failed and they endured heavy losses. Later, under cover of darkness, the American 21st Infantry made its way up the southeast slope of the hill. In a . . . Map (db m139931) HM
84Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Battle of Lundy’s LaneWar of 1812
The Battle of Lundy’s Lane was a turning point in the War of 1812-14. While British Reinforcements began arriving in North America following the defeat of Napoleon in Europe, the Americans were pushing to gain control of the Niagara Peninsula. In . . . Map (db m139907) HM
85Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Boundary Waters Treaty
"It is further agreed that the waters herein defined as boundary waters and waters flowing across the boundary shall not be polluted on either side to the injury of health or property of the other." Widely regarded as the first . . . Map (db m64648) HM
86Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The British DefenseThe Battle of Lundy’s Lane
In the early evening of July 25th, 1814, the British commander, Lt. General Drummond stood on this hilltop. Having just received intelligence that an American force was marching northward in this direction along the Portage Road, he realized that . . . Map (db m139912) HM
87Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — 3 — The Capture of the Redan and the Death of Brock
On the river banks below here, the Americans were trapped. To the right the Americans scaled the river cliff and seized the Heights above. To the left the British held the Village of Queenston. A British 18-pounder cannon situated here within an . . . Map (db m75875) HM
88Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Inukshuk
The inukshuk (pronounced IN-OOK-SHOOK) means “in the image of man.” These magnificent lifelike figures of stone erected by the Inuit people are unique to the Canadian Arctic.

The traditional purpose of an Inukshuk was . . . Map (db m79021) HM
89Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — The Niagara Parks Commission / Commission Des Parcs Du Niagara
In 1885, the Province of Ontario established The Niagara Parks Commission as part of an international effort to preserve the natural scenery around Niagara Falls. Originally, the Commission included Colonel Casimir Gzowski, Chairman, John W. . . . Map (db m116093) HM
90Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Thomas Baker McQuestenK.C., M.L.A. — 1882 – 1945 —
Thomas Baker McQuesten was born in Hespeler, Ontario June 30, 1882. In 1934 he was appointed Minister of Highways and Public Works for the Province of Ontario and Chairman of the Niagara Parks Commission. He served in both positions for ten years. . . . Map (db m78489) HM
91Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Thompson Point
This depression was the site in the early 1800’s where John Thompson quarried the exposed limestone ridge at the edge of the gorge, and processed it into agricultural lime. There were two lime kilns and a water-powered sawmill on the site which . . . Map (db m79421) HM
92Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Tightrope Walker Nik WallendaOn June 15, 2012 — Niagara Parks —
On June 15, 2012, the world watched as professional tightrope walker Nik Wallenda crossed the Niagara Gorge on a wire. Table Rock complex marked the Canadian end point for this high wire walk, which began at Terrapin Point, directly across the Gorge . . . Map (db m64660) HM
93Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — To the Memory of Burrell Hecock
To the memory of Burrell Hecock of Cleveland Ohio Aged 17 Years Who lost his life in an heroic attempt to rescue Mr and Mrs Eldridge Stanton of Toronto Ontario when the ice bridge in the gorge immediately below . . . Map (db m35065) HM
94Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — To the Memory of the Pioneersand the Red Meeting House — 1817-1869 —
Genesee Methodist Conference met here July 1820.Map (db m75880) HM
95Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Toronto Power Generating StationLa centrale Électrique de la Toronto Power
Opened in 1906 to supply the Toronto market, this generating station was the first wholly Canadian-owned hydro-electric facility at Niagara Falls. Engineers adapted advanced European and American technologies to a difficult site in a bold and . . . Map (db m79737) HM
96Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — U.S. Infantry TrenchJuly 23, 1814
This Monument erected July 25, 1991 by the American Legion, Niagara County Committee & Dept. of New York In memory of the U.S. Officers & Soldiers who died at the Battle of Lundy's Lane Connecticut 25th; New York 23rd; Massachusetts . . . Map (db m49695) HM
97Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Upper Steel Arch Bridge
An abutment of the Upper Steel Arch Bridge built on this site 1897-98, is visible on the U.S. shore of the river. Also known as the Falls View Bridge and the Honeymoon Bridge, it stood until January 27, 1938, when an ice jam pushed the bridge off . . . Map (db m79521) HM
98Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Upper Suspension Bridge
This plaque marks the entrance to the Upper Suspension Bridge, opened in July 1869, then the longest suspension bridge in the world. The iron cables were hung from timber towers. In 1884-87, this wooden bridge was changed to steel. In 1898, this . . . Map (db m64670) HM
99Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — War of 1812
The Napoleonic Wars raged in Europe from 1803 to 1815 and had a global impact. Wishing to remain neutral and assert its independence, the United States continued to trade with both Britain and France. Nevertheless, diplomatic relations between the . . . Map (db m139911) HM
100Ontario, Niagara Region, Niagara Falls — Whirlpool Rapids Gorge
An ancient river pre-dating the Wisconsin Glacier flowed through the channel of the Whirlpool Rapids and the Whirlpool draining glacial Lake Erie. After the retreat of the glacier when the present river broke through the rock barriers at Thompson . . . Map (db m79581) HM

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Mar. 23, 2023