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Oklahoma City, Oklahoma Historical Markers

 
A Summer of Political Unrest Marker in the foreground. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, October 21, 2019
A Summer of Political Unrest Marker in the foreground.
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 8 — A Summer of Political Unrest The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue at North Broadway Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Sheridan Avenue.
Soon after the election on May 1, the city became ensnarled in political conflict.

The rules for establishing lot ownership were unclear and the attempts of the city council to clarify matters with ordinances and lot certificates sold . . . — Map (db m141899) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — American Elm Ulmus americana Height to 70' (21 m), Zone 2-10 —
Native to Eastern N. America. Planted widely for shade and shelterbelts as one of the most popular trees of the city streets, lawns, and parks. However, it is no longer the "famous shade tree" of the past, nor widely recommended. The Dutch elm . . . — Map (db m59961) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — And Jesus Wept John 11
On Harvey Avenue at NW 5th Street, on the right when traveling south on Harvey Avenue.
On April 19, 1995 at 9:02 a.m., a bomb exploded just a few hundred feet east of here. In that instant and the ensuing calamity, 168 people were known to be killed. Devastation covered this area. The parish house which stood on this corner was . . . — Map (db m60345) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 28 — Angelo C. Scott The 89er Trail —
On West Main Street west of North Broadway Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Journalist, Lawyer, Educator, Orator, and Author of Oklahoma City History

Arriving from Kansas on April 22, Angelo C. Scott, age 31 and his brother W.W. Scott started a newspaper, the Oklahoma Times, soon renamed the Journal, the first in . . . — Map (db m142023) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — As Long As The Waters Flow Dedication Ceremonies
On NE 21st Street west of Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west.
Honoring the centuries-old presence and contribution of Native Americans to Oklahoma State Capitol Rotunda Sunday, June 4, 1989 Master of Ceremonies State Senator Enoch Kelly Haney, Seminole Creek Program Participants Allan Houser . . . — Map (db m60269) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 16 — Beale Defeats Overholser For Mayor Oklahoma City November 27, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On Latting Circle south of Park Avenue, on the left when traveling north.
With a margin of only 14 votes, Beale claimed a mandate to overturn seven months of Seminole-dominated city rule. Within a month the city was in chaos and city governance was shut down by federal authorities.

Dr. A. J. Beale, the . . . — Map (db m142036) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Building Occupants
Engraved in the paving behind you are the emblems of the seventeen federal agencies and the three non-federal tenants that occupied the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building on April 19, 1995. For their contributions and losses they are . . . — Map (db m60294) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Central High School
On Robinson Avenue at NW 7th Street, on the left when traveling north on Robinson Avenue.
Erected in 1910 as Oklahoma High School, at that time the city's only high school, this Gothic style building was a source of great civic pride. Many future leaders were educated here. — Map (db m60387) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 25 — Charles Colcord The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue west of Ron Norick Boulevard, on the left when traveling west.
Cowboy, police chief, legislator, wildcatter, entrepreneur, and developer

Charles Colcord, a native of Kentucky, spent his formative years as a cowboy in western Oklahoma, Texas, and Arizona. In 1889, at age 29, he came to Oklahoma City . . . — Map (db m141878) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Children's Area
Children were a significant part of the worldwide response in April 1995, responding with words of encouragement and messages of hope - for Rescue Workers specifically - and Oklahomans in general. Thousands of ceramic tiles were sent to Oklahoma . . . — Map (db m60361) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 10 — City Hall by Forfeiture The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue at North Broadway Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Sheridan Avenue.
Always short on revenue, the City eventually acquired its own building by evicting a saloon.

The Mayor and City Council of Oklahoma City first met on May 3, 1889 in the law office of councilman Ledru Guthrie on the south side of Main . . . — Map (db m141902) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Flags Flown Over Oklahoma
On NE 21st Street at Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west on NE 21st Street.
First Flag Royal Standard of Spain Coronado's Expedition 1541 Second Flag Great Union of Great Britain Carolina Land Grant Included Oklahoma 1663 Third Flag Royal Standard of France LaSalle Claimed the . . . — Map (db m60393) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — George Washington Elm Tree
On NE 21st Street at Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west on NE 21st Street.

Washington first took command of the American Army under the Grandparent of this Elm at Cambridge, Mass. July 3, 1775. ————— Raised and presented by Maryland D.A.R., marked by Oklahoma D.A.R., This tree . . . — Map (db m59958) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 14 — Hell's Half Acre The 89er Trail —
On South E.K. Gaylord Boulevard north of Reno Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
Big Anne Wynn, the town's most prominent madam, pitched a tent on Front Street on the day of the Run to provide female companionship for the overwhelmingly male population.

Disembarking at Santa Fe Station new arrivals encountered a . . . — Map (db m141984) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 26 — Henry Overholser The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue west of Ron Norick Boulevard, on the left when traveling west.
An ardent promoter and businessman: perhaps the greatest of the founding fathers

Prior to the Run of 1889, Ohio native Henry Overholser arranged for 10 railroad cars of prefabricated wood-frame buildings and lumber to be waiting for him . . . — Map (db m141880) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Historic Hadden Hall circa 1910
On Northwest 10th Street west of North Robinson Avenue, on the right when traveling west.
is listed in the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior as a contributing resource to the Automobile Alley Historic District Certified Rehabilitation: 2011 Midtown Renaissance, Owner . . . — Map (db m130600) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Journal Record Building South Wall
The south wall of the Journal Record Building directly faced the blast's impact and was heavily damaged by the April 19, 1995 bombing. Parts of the south wall were separated from the floor beams, and the arched section of the building's roof was . . . — Map (db m60378) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Kaiser's Ice Cream Parlour
On Walker Avenue at NW 10th Street, on the left when traveling north on Walker Avenue.
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior — Map (db m59989) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma City Bombing Children's Memorial In Memoriam
On Robinson Avenue at NW 5th Street, on the right when traveling north on Robinson Avenue.
Nineteen Little Boys And Girls Killed In The OKC Bombing April 19, 1995 "He took them up in his arms...." Mark 10:16 (KJV) Painting: Alice Murray — Map (db m60381) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma City Bombing Responders' Memorial We Salute And Honor You America's Worst Crime - Oklahoma's Darkest Hour —
On Robinson Avenue at NW 5th Street, on the right when traveling north on Robinson Avenue.
April 19, 1995 The grateful citizens of Oklahoma hereby express their gratitude to all Protective and Rescue Personnel, who amid death, danger, darkness and depression, rendered superb service above and beyond the call of duty. They were . . . — Map (db m60382) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum
On Robinson Avenue south of NW 6th Street, on the left when traveling north.
[Excerpts from marker] This 24,000 square foot Museum exhibit tells the story of the April 19, 1995, bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building. You hear the explosion, see the devastation immediately following and learn from family . . . — Map (db m60376) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma City National Memorial & Museum Site Before Bombing Site Today
On Robinson Avenue south of NW 6th Street, on the left when traveling north.
Before April 19, 1995, the two-block area between NW 4th and 6th Streets and Robinson and Harvey Avenues served as the northern edge of the downtown core. This area was a workplace to hundreds of people. 5th Street ran through the area where . . . — Map (db m60377) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma City Oil Field
On Lincoln Boulevard at NE 21st Street, on the left when traveling north on Lincoln Boulevard.
Oklahoma City Oil and Gas Field Discovery Well brought in December 4, 1928, approximately six miles southeast of this marker. From such beginning, sprawling Oklahoma City Oil and Gas Field became one of world's major oil producing areas, . . . — Map (db m59947) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma State Seal
On NE 21st Street west of Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west.
"This state seal was displayed at the entrance of the Oklahoma exhibit at the New York World's Fair 1964-1965" — Map (db m60268) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Oklahoma Timeline Centennial Memorial Plaza of the Oklahomans
On NE 21st Street at Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west on NE 21st Street.
18,000BC Native Americans Occupy Present-Day Oklahoma 1200 AD Mississippian Culture Peaks At Spiro Mounds 1541 Coronado First Europeans To Explore Oklahoma 1750s Osages Push Wichitas & Caddos To Red River 1803 Louisiana . . . — Map (db m60212) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 19 — Prominent Land Cases Oklahoma City 1890- Early 1900s The 89er Trail —
On Latting Circle north of Park Avenue, on the left when traveling north.
Most land claim disputes were resolved by settlement, or purchase and relinquishment. But some required lengthy litigation.

With territorial government authorized by Congress in May, 1890, a formal structure was established for resolving . . . — Map (db m142054) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Rescuer Orchard
The Rescuer Orchard is in an area where the Oklahoma Water Resources and Athenian Building once stood. Both sustained heavy damage and required demolition. The Orchard symbolically "rushes in" from both east and west on the Memorial Grounds . . . — Map (db m60359) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 6 — Settling the Conflicting Surveys Oklahoma City April 27, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On West Main Street at North Broadway Avenue, on the right when traveling east on West Main Street.
The Citizens' Survey, begun the day after the Run, was reconciled with the survey of the Seminole Town and Improvement Company at a mass meeting on April 27.

As the Citizens' Committee and its surveyors worked north from the section line . . . — Map (db m142009) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — South Entry
This was the location of the south entry to the second floor of the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building from the plaza level. — Map (db m60302) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 12 — South Oklahoma Oklahoma City April 23-27, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On Reno Avenue at Ron Norick Boulevard, on the right when traveling west on Reno Avenue.
On Saturday, April 27 the citizens of South Oklahoma elected G. W. Patrick mayor along with a full slate of city officials.

On April 23, 1889, G. W. Patrick began surveying south from the section line at Reno, as the Citizens' Survey . . . — Map (db m142057) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — St. Paul's Cathedral
On Robinson Avenue at NW 7th Street, on the right when traveling north on Robinson Avenue.
This building, first opened on Easter Sunday 1904, became the Episcopal Cathedral in 1908. The congregation dates from 1893. — Map (db m60392) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Survivor Tree
Known today as the "Survivor Tree," this American Elm survived the April 19, 1995 bombing. The Survivor Tree's bark protects it from disease and bugs. Please help us protect the Survivor Tree by not removing bark or placing coins in its bark. We . . . — Map (db m60281) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Survivor Tree
This American Elm was surrounded by a parking lot filled with burning vehicles on April 19, 1995. It survived the impact of the explosion and became known as the Survivor Tree, an important symbol of resilience to the family members of those . . . — Map (db m60380) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 27 — T.M. Richardson and the Oklahoma Bank The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue west of Ron Norick Boulevard, on the left when traveling west.
Lumberman, Banker, and Business Leader

On the afternoon of April 22, T.M. Richardson, and his son T.M. Jr., from Albany, Texas, staked a claim at the northeast corner of Clarke Street (later Grand, and today Sheridan) and Harvey, where . . . — Map (db m141891) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Team 5 Requiem
Team 5 4-19-95 We Search For the truth We Seek Justice. The Courts Require it. The Victims Cry for it. And God Demands it! A Rescue Worker originally painted the message on this wall during search and recovery efforts in April . . . — Map (db m60379) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Team Effort
Within minutes after 9:02 a.m. on April 19, 1995, this tranquil plaza was transformed into a scene of frantic lifesaving activities. Many individuals became heroes as they joined together to become "First Responder Teams" to pull men, women and . . . — Map (db m60295) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Temple B'Nai Israel (Children of Israel) First Permanent Jewish House of Worship in Oklahoma —
On North Pennsylvania Avenue.
Jews have lived in Oklahoma since the mid 19th century. In 1903, Jews in Oklahoma City organized Temple B'Nai Israel. During its first few years, the congregation met at several local churches. The synagogue, located at 50 Broadway Circle, was . . . — Map (db m134144) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 1 — The Boomers 1879-1889 The 89er Trail —
On East Sheridan Avenue at Mickey Mantle Drive, on the left when traveling west on East Sheridan Avenue.
Captain David Payne and his Boomers defied federal authorities to attempt settlement in the Unassigned Lands.

From the 1830s onward, most of present-day Oklahoma was reserved for Native Americans who had been forcibly relocated from their . . . — Map (db m118805) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 9 — The Building of Oklahoma City The 89er Trail —
On West Sheridan Avenue at South EK Gaylord Avenue, on the right when traveling north on West Sheridan Avenue.
A reporter from Harpers Weekly returned to Oklahoma City two months after its birth to find its progress remarkable beyond belief.

William Willard Howard writing an article called "The Building of Oklahoma" in the June 29, 1889 issue of . . . — Map (db m141907) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 5 — The Citizens' Committee Oklahoma City April 23, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On West Main Street west of North Broadway Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Overnight, a city of tents arose next to the railroad station. But where were the streets and lot lines? Amid the confusion, a mass meeting was called which elected a committee to bring order with a new survey.

Confusion reigned on . . . — Map (db m142030) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 7 — The Election of May 1, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On West Main Street, on the right when traveling east.
A slate of candidates supported by the Seminole Town and Improvement Company, including the temporary mayor William Couch, was elected at the polls on Wednesday, May 1.

At the mass meeting on April 27, after the compromise survey was . . . — Map (db m142027) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — The Field of Empty Chairs
You are entering the area where the Alfred P. Murrah Building once stood. The granite used on this pathway was salvaged from the Murrah Building. The Field of Empty Chairs is a tribute to the 168 Americans who were killed April 19, 1995. The . . . — Map (db m60358) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 3 — The Land Run The 89er Trail —
On South EK Gaylord Avenue at West Sheridan Avenue, on the right when traveling north on South EK Gaylord Avenue.
The race for free land began at noon on April 22, 1889, with an estimated 50,000 participants from all over the world.

At high noon on a bright and clear Monday, April 22, 1889, a drama roared to life when mounted soldiers fired their . . . — Map (db m141908) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 4 — The Land Run Oklahoma City April 22, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On South E.K. Gaylord Boulevard north of Reno Avenue, on the right when traveling north.
Oklahoma City and Guthrie, a dozen other towns, and thousands of farms were settled in a day.

The Run of '89 gave birth to Oklahoma City, which today is the state's capital and largest city. It also marked the beginning of Guthrie, where . . . — Map (db m141980) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 18 — The New Framework of Government Oklahoma City May-August, 1890 The 89er Trail —
On Latting Circle north of Park Avenue, on the left when traveling north.
Following enactment of the Organic Act in May, 1890, territorial, county, and city governments were quickly established. Federal townsite laws clarified the procedure for confirming and settling land claims, and a land office opened in Oklahoma . . . — Map (db m142052) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 17 — The Oklahoma Territory Organic Act Washington D.C. May 2, 1890 The 89er Trail —
On Latting Circle at Park Avenue, on the left when traveling north on Latting Circle.
On May 2, 1890, Congress passed long awaited legislation establishing federally sanctioned territorial government for Oklahoma.

The Organic Act defined Oklahoma Territory boundaries to include the lands west of Indian Territory and . . . — Map (db m142037) HM

Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — The Playground
This grass lawn was the playground for the children's daycare center. Many children were killed or injured in the building. — Map (db m60282) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 15 — The Resignation of Mayor William L. Couch Oklahoma City November 11, 1889 The 89er Trail —
On South Hudson Avenue at West Sheridan Avenue, on the right when traveling north on South Hudson Avenue.
First a boomer, then a sooner, then the first mayor of Oklahoma City, William L. Couch resigned as Mayor on November 11, 1889. Five months later, he died of a gunshot wound by a rival homestead claimant, the day before the first anniversary of the . . . — Map (db m142056) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — Tribute to Range Riders
On NE 21st Street near Lincoln Boulevard, on the right when traveling west.
This statue was fashioned by Constance Whitney Warren Sculptress of Paris, France and New York, and was presented to The State of Oklahoma by this distinguished American Artist through the solicitation of Justice Albert C. . . . — Map (db m59952) HM
Oklahoma (Oklahoma County), Oklahoma City — 13 — Visit of the Congressmen Oklahoma City September 17, 1889 The '89er Trail —
On Ron Norick Boulevard south of West Sheridan Avenue, on the right when traveling south.
A visit by influential members of Congress in September 1889 was the most important event in Oklahoma since the Run itself.

On Tuesday, September 17, 1889, six congressmen arrived by rail from Guthrie for a first-hand look at life in . . . — Map (db m141875) HM


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