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Historical Markers in Iceland

 
A­alstrŠti 2 - Ingˇlfsnaust Marker - wide view image, Touch for more information
By Andrew Ruppenstein, June 8, 2017
A­alstrŠti 2 - Ingˇlfsnaust Marker - wide view
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — A­alstrŠti 2 - Ingˇlfsnaust
Uppsßtur landnamsmanna vi­ ReykjavÝk getur hafa veri­ hÚr a bakkanum ■ar sem h˙sin standa. Verslunarsta­urinn var fluttur ˙r Írfirisey um 1770 og ■a voru fj÷gur h˙s enddurreist ß ■essari lˇ­, en 1855 reisti TŠrgesen kaupma­ur ■a­ h˙s sem . . . — Map (db m123154) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Adlon Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
HÚr, ß milli A­alstrŠtis 6 og 8, stˇ­ barinn Adlon um mi­ja 20. ÷ldina, e­a Langibar eins og hann var kalla­ur Ý daglegu tali. Sta­urinn var vinsŠll me­al ungs fˇlks og gekk af ■eim s÷kum einnig undir nafninu äUngverjaland" en enn eitt . . . — Map (db m105442) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Arnarhˇll Arnarhˇlstra­ir
(English side:)

The old farmstead of Arnarhˇll stood on the knoll of the same name, where the statue of Ingˇlfur Arnarson, Iceland's first settler, now stands. The farm is believed to have been founded shortly after the settlement . . . — Map (db m122880) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — BakarÝi­ / Bakery
BakarÝi­ var reist 1834. Ůar inni var stˇr ofn hla­inn ˙r m˙rsteini og mikill reykhßfur. Korngeymsluh˙s var reist vi­ bakarÝi­ 1861 til a­ geyma korn og mj÷l og ■ar voru einnig ÷lger­arkatlar. Bernh÷ft bakari reisti einnig mˇgeymsluh˙s . . . — Map (db m123080) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Bankastraeti 10
The first building at Bankastraeti 10 was a mill built for the merchant P.C. Knudtzon, named "Hollenska Myllan"(The Dutch Mill). The Dutch Mill was not efficient enough and was therefore torn down 1902. A new house was built at the same location . . . — Map (db m105325) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Bernh÷ftstorfan / Bernh÷ft's Sward
(English side:)

The name Bernh÷ftstorfa (Bernh÷ft's Sward) is derived from the T.D. Bernh÷ft bakery, which stood in BankastrŠti 2. Bernh÷ft's house was built at the north end of the lot in 1938, along with the bakery, peat store, . . . — Map (db m122623) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — B˙jar­ir Ý ReykjavÝk / Farmsteads in ReykjavÝk
(first panel, English:)

Hßteigur

In the late 19th and early 20th centuries drainage of marshland began in Reykjavik territory. The drained land was allocated for farming under leases with inheritance rights. Grassfields were . . . — Map (db m121548) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Dr. Gunnlaugur ClŠssen Ś 1881-1948
Dr. Med. Gunnlaugur ClŠssen Hˇf brautry­jandastarf Ý r÷ntgenreiningu og - lŠkningum Ý ■essu h˙si ßri­ 1914

(English translation:)

In 1914, Dr. Gunnlaugur Claessen began pioneering medical treatments . . . — Map (db m118145) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Einar Benediktsson Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
Einar Benediktsson (1864-1940) skald og athafnama­ur bjˇ Ý H÷f­a ß ßrunum 1914 til 1917. Hann var heimsborgari og hugsjˇnama­ur, fer­a­ist vÝ­a um l÷nd og lag­i fram margar nřstßrlegar og stˇrbrotnar hugmyndir a­ ■jˇ­fÚlagsumbˇtum, sem . . . — Map (db m105364) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Einar Benediktsson
Skßldi­ Einar Benediktsson lÚt reisa ■etta h˙s anno 1896 [English translation:] The poet Einar Benediktsson built this house in 1896. — Map (db m105383) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — ForsŠtisrß­uneyti­ / Prime Minister's Office
Prime Minister's Office Government House

Built in 1761-1771 Served as a prison until 1813

Royal residence and Governor's residence until 1904

Seat of government offices since 1904 Office of the President of Iceland . . . — Map (db m112161) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Founding of the Reykjavik Water Utility / Uphaf vatnsveitu
(English panel:)

On 16 June 1909, the Reykjavik Water Utility was founded when fresh, drinking water was conveyed through a pipeline from a river and cold springs on the outskirts of Reykjavik to the town center. It was a defining . . . — Map (db m117940) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Gimli
Knud Zimsen verfrŠ­ingur og borgarstˇri Ý ReykjavÝk reisti h˙si­ til Ýb˙­ar 1905 og nefndi Gimli. Ůa­ var byggt m.a, ˙r steinem sem framleiddir voru Ý verksmi­junni Mj÷lni. Loftin eru jßrnbent turn■aki­ er fyrsta ■ak ˙r jßrnbentri . . . — Map (db m118183) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Grjˇgata 4
Einar Pßlsson snikkari bygg­i ■etta h˙s ßri­ 1896. ┴ ßrunum 1900 til 1920 var Stefßn EirÝksson ähinn oddhagi" me­ teiknistofu og verkstŠ­i Ý kjallara h˙ssins. Margir smi­ir og listamenn lŠr­u hjß honum og skipar h˙si­ sÚr ■vÝ sess Ý . . . — Map (db m121616) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Hallargar­urinn
The Hallargar­ur park, made in 1953-4, was designed by Jˇn H. Bj÷rnsson, Iceland's first trained landscape architect. On the initiative of Mayor Gunnar Thoroddsen, four gardens on FrÝkirkjuvegur were combined to form the park, incorporating the . . . — Map (db m118390) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Hljˇmskßlagar­urinn / Pavilion Park
(English text:)

The Hljˇmskßlagar­ur Park was ReykjavÝk's first formally-planned park.

The idea of making a park at the southern end of the Tj÷rnin Lake was first suggested in the early 19th century, but it was not until 1901 . . . — Map (db m121510) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — H÷f­i House
(English side:)

H÷f­i House has a remarkable history connected to Icelandic relations with other nations. The house was built or the French consul, Jean Paul Brillouin. Designed in Eastern Norway, it was transported to Iceland in . . . — Map (db m121583) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Hressingarskßlinn Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
HÚr Ý AusturstrŠti 20, Ý einni elstu byggingu borgarinnar, hefur kaffih˙si­ og veitingasta­urinn Hressingarskßlinn veri­ rekinn me­ hlÚum frß ßrinu 1932. H˙si­ sjßlft ß sÚr langa s÷gu, sem nŠr aftur til ßrsins 1805 ■egar ■a­ var flutt . . . — Map (db m105439) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Hverfisgata 45
Steinh˙s byggt ßri­ 1914, eitt elsta dŠmi­ um Ýslenska steinsteypuklassÝk Ý ReykjavÝk. HÚr var ß­ur tˇmth˙sbřli­ Hli­ e­a Arnljˇtskot. Fyrstu eigendur h˙ssins voru hjˇnin MatthÝas Einarsson lŠknir og Ellen LudvÝka MatthÝasdˇttir . . . — Map (db m118409) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Ingˇlfur Arnarson
Minnismerki­ um Ingˇlf Arnarson ger­i myndh÷ggvarinn Einar J÷nsson (1874-1954) ß ßrunum 1902 til 1907 en merki­ var ekki sett upp fyrr en 1924. Myndin sřnir landnßmsmanninn Ý brynju me­ atgeir Ý hendi og skj÷ld sÚr vi­ hli­. Hann stendur . . . — Map (db m123006) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — LandlŠknih˙si­
Stefßn Gunnlaugsson sřsluma­ur reisti h˙si­ ßri­ 1838 ß St÷­lakotst˙ni. H˙svi­irnir komu tilsni­nir frß Noregi. Martin Smith kons˙ll og kaupma■adur keypti h˙si­ 1859 og lÚt stŠkka ■ad ßri seinna, lengja til nor­urs, setja mi­jukvist og . . . — Map (db m118402) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Laufey Jakobsdˇttir
Laufey Jakobsdˇttir e­a amman Ý Grjˇta■orpinu ═ h˙sinu sem stendur vi­ Grjˇtag÷tu 12 bjˇ Laufey Jakobsdˇttir, e­a äamman Ý Grjˇta■orpinu" ß ßrunum 1976 til 1995. Laufey fŠddist ß Bˇndast÷­um Ý Borgarfir­i eystri ■ann 25. . . . — Map (db m105483) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Laugavegur Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
(Icelandic text:)

Laugavegurinn dregur nafn sitt af g÷mlu ■vottalaugunum Ý Laugardal en ■anga­ bßru konur ■vott frß ReykjavÝk til ■ess a­ ■vo Ý heitu laugunum allt til ßrsins 1930. ┴ri­ 1885 var hafist handa vi­ a­ . . . — Map (db m118099) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Laugavegur 15
Ůetta h˙s reisti Ludvig Storr ßri­ 1925. Hann ßnafna­i h˙si­ menningar - og framfarasjˇ­i Ludvig Storr, sem stofna­ur var 1979 og er Ý v÷rslu hßskˇla Ýslands.

-

(English translation:)

This house . . . — Map (db m118802) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Louisa MatthÝasdˇttir
Louisa MatthÝasdˇttir (1917-2000) er einn af fremstu listam÷nnum ═slendinga ß svi­i mßlaralistar. H˙n ˇlst upp Ý H÷f­a frß ßtta ßra aldri en fj÷lskylda hennar bjˇ Ý h˙sinu frß 1924 til 1937. Louisa byrja­i snemma a­ teikna og mßla og . . . — Map (db m105531) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — MßlfrÝ­ur Einarsdˇttir Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
MßlfrÝ­ur Einarsdˇttir rith÷fundur (1899-1983) bjˇ lengi hÚr ß efstu hŠ­ pˇsth˙ssins ■ar sem ma­ur hennar Gu­jˇn Eiriksson var h˙sv÷r­ur. Fyrsta bˇk MßlfrÝ­ar, Samasta­ur Ý tilverunni, kom ˙t ■egar h˙n var ßttrŠ­isaldri. H˙n var ■ˇ . . . — Map (db m105422) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Neighbourhood of the Gods / Go­ahverfi­ Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
(English side:)

Around Skˇlav÷r­uholt hill, fifteen streets carry names from Norse Mythology. The neighbourhood is sometimes referred to as the Neighbourhood of the Gods as Thor, Freyja and many more gods from the pagan religion . . . — Map (db m118111) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Sj˙krah˙s HvÝtabandsins / White Ribbon Hospital
Hvitabandi­ er IlknarfÚlag kvenna sem var stˇfna­ 17. aprÝl 1895. FÚlagi­ lÚt byggja h˙si­ a­ Skˇlav÷r­ustig 37 og var ■a­ vÝgt ■ann 18. febr˙ar 1934. H˙si­ er teikna­ af Arinbirni ■orkelssyni h˙sasmi­ameistara. Upphaflega ßtti ■a­ a­ ver­a hvÝldar- . . . — Map (db m105322) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Skˇlav÷r­ustÝgur 13
Borgastjˇrinn Ý ReykajavÝk veitti ■essu h˙si vi­urkenningu ßri­ 2012 vegna vel ger­ra endurbˇta. H˙si­ var byggt ßri­ 1926 eftir teikningum Gu­mundar H. Ůorlßkssonar byggingmeistara. Ůa­ er gˇ­ur fulltr˙i fyrstu kynslˇ­ar . . . — Map (db m105736) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Svava Jakobsdˇttir Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
(English side:)

Svava Jakobsdˇttir (1930-2004) was one of the most prominent Icelandic writers of the twentieth century. She wrote short stories, novels, plays and non-fiction and her works are considered some of the most . . . — Map (db m117937) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — The Culture House / Safnah˙si­
Safnah˙si­ var byggt 1906 — 1908 fyrir s÷fnin Ý landinu og opna­ ßri­ 1909. ═ Safnah˙sinu voru Landsbˇkasafn, Ůjˇ­skjalasafn, Nßtt˙rugripasafn ßsamt Ůjˇ­minjasafni og Listasafni. Danski arkitektinn Johannes Magdahl Nielsen teikna­i . . . — Map (db m118122) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — The Mothers' Garden / MŠ­ragar­urinn
(English side:)

As its name implies, the Mothers' Garden, opened in 1925, was primarily intended for mothers with their children. It had previously been a patch of uncultivated land. It was part of the estate of the Skßlholtskot . . . — Map (db m118125) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — The Settlement of ReykjavÝk
(English side:)

Archaeological remains have been found in the city centre. They date back to the settle-ment period in the 9th century to modern times. This is the site of the first settlement of ReykjavÝk and it is believed that . . . — Map (db m121373) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Theodˇra Thoroddsen Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
═ ■essu h˙si, sem ß­ur stˇ­ vi­ VonarstrŠti 12, bjˇ Theodˇra Thoroddsen skßld (1863-1954) ßsamt fj÷lskyldu sinni. H˙n er ■ekktust fyrir ■ulur sÝnar og mß segja a­ me­ ■eim hafi h˙n broti­ sÚr lei­ ˙t ˙r f÷stu kve­skaparformi fyrri alda . . . — Map (db m105379) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — ŮingholtsstrŠti 13
Borgarstjˇrinn Ý ReykjavÝk

veitti ■essu h˙si vi­urkenningu ßri­ 2010 vegna vel ger­ra endurbˇta.

H˙si­ var reist ßri­ 1876 og fri­a­ ßri­ 1974. H˙si­ telst til Ýb˙­arh˙sa af dansk Ýslenskri ger­ og er hluti af einni . . . — Map (db m118233) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Tobbukot Ś Ůorbj÷rg Sveinsdˇttir, midwife (1827-1903)
(English Side:)

In 1858 a small half-stone house or steinbaer was built here. Before long it was purchased by midwife Ůorbj÷rg Sveinsdˇttir. The house was commonly called Tobbukot, a diminutive derived from . . . — Map (db m122662) HM

Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — Torfhildur Hˇlm Ś Reykjavik Bˇkmenntaborg UNESCO City of Literature
Torfhildur Hˇlm (1845-1918) var brautry­jandi ß řmsum svi­um Ýslenskra bˇkmennta. H˙n var fyrsti atvinnnurith÷ndur landsins og fyrst Ýslenskra kvenna til a­ hljˇta skßldastyrk ˙r landssjˇ­i, ßri­ 1891. Ůvi var reyndar mˇtmŠlt og var . . . — Map (db m105326) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — T˙ngata 6
Lßrus E. Sveinbj÷rnsson dˇmstˇrji reisti dom h˙si­ ßri­ 1875. SÝ­ar bjˇ Magn˙s Einarsson dřralŠknir, tengdasonur Lßrusar, i h˙sinu. H˙si­ er me­ hef­bundnu d÷nsku sni­i. ┴ri­ 1995 var h˙si­ fŠrt til eldra . . . — Map (db m121467) HM
Iceland, Capital Region H÷fu­borgarsvŠ­i, Reykjavik — VaktarabŠrinn
VaktarabŠrinn was built for storage in 1845 and later used as a home. Sigvaldi Kaldalˇns, Iceland's beloved poet, was born in the house in 1881. After being in disrepair for two decades it was brought back to life by Minjavernd. It is . . . — Map (db m105359) HM
Iceland, Southern Peninsula Su­urnes, Grindavik — Fallen But Not Forgotten Ś USAF, 8th Air Force, 93rd Bombardment Group, 330th Bombardment Squadron
BandarÝska B-24 Liberator - sprengjuflugvÚlin Hot Stuff, var fyrst flugvÚla 8. flughersins til a­ ljt˙ka 25 ßrßsarfer­un frß Bretlandi yfir meginland Evrˇpu Ý heimsstyrj÷ldinni sÝ­ari.

The B-24 Liberator Hot Stuff was . . . — Map (db m120969) HM WM


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