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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Beaufort County, South Carolina

 
Clickable Map of Beaufort County, South Carolina and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Beaufort County, SC (134) Colleton County, SC (40) Hampton County, SC (24) Jasper County, SC (36)  BeaufortCounty(134) Beaufort County (134)  ColletonCounty(40) Colleton County (40)  HamptonCounty(24) Hampton County (24)  JasperCounty(36) Jasper County (36)
Adjacent to Beaufort County, South Carolina
    Colleton County (40)
    Hampton County (24)
    Jasper County (36)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 1st SC Infantry Of African Descent
The 1st South Carolina Volunteer Infantry Regiment was raised from sea island slaves living around Port Royal. Elements of the regiment were formed on Hilton Head in May 1862. In August 1862, the regiment was reorganized near Beaufort at the . . . Map (db m7094) HM
2South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — A National Cemetery System
Civil War Dead An estimated 700,000 Union and Confederate soldiers died in the Civil War between April 1861 and April 1865. As the death toll rose, the U.S. government struggled with the urgent but unplanned need to bury fallen Union troops. . . . Map (db m134423) HM
3South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Address by President LincolnAt the Dedication of The Gettysburg National Cemetery — November 19, 1863 —
Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation, conceived in liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.    Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that . . . Map (db m114214) HM
4South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-58 — Baptist Church of Beaufort
(side 1) The Baptist Church of Beaufort descends from Euhaw Baptist Church on Edisto Island. In 1794 the first meeting house was built on this site. In 1795 Henry Holcombe moved to Beaufort and became the first mission pastor. The Beaufort . . . Map (db m133292) HM
5South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-28 — Battery Saxton
(Front Text): Battery Saxton, constructed here in 1862, was in the second line of earthworks built by Federal troops occupying Beaufort during the Civil War. Laid out by the 1st New York Engineers with the assistance of black laborers, it . . . Map (db m6985) HM
6South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-1 — Beaufort
. . . Map (db m19642) HM
7South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-10 — Beaufort Arsenal
Erected in 1798 and rebuilt in 1852, the Beaufort Arsenal was the home of the Beaufort Volunteer Artillery, commissioned in 1802, which had its roots in an earlier company organized in 1776 and served valiantly in the Revolutionary War. The BVA was . . . Map (db m5664) HM
8South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-26 — Beaufort College
(Text front) Beaufort College, a college preparatory academy founded in 1795, occupied this Greek Revival building from 1852 to 1861. The school opened in 1084 at Bay and Church Sts. but closed in 1817 after a yellow fever epidemic, reopening . . . Map (db m8705) HM
9South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County South CarolinaCivil War and Forward
1860 - On November 7,1861 a flotilla of U.S. warships steamed into Port Royal and the "Cotton Kingdom" came to a swift and thunderous end. The planters were forced to flee inland, many never to return, abandoning homes, lands and slaves. . . . Map (db m5941) HM
10South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County, South CarolinaExploration and Settlement
1520 - 1711       In 1520 the Spaniard, Francisco Gordillo, sailing from Hispaniola, stopped near Port Royal Sound long enough to call the place Santa Elena. Fourty-two years later, in 1562, Jean Ribaut and his French Huguenots named the . . . Map (db m5886) HM
11South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort County, South CarolinaColonial And Revolutionary Period — 1711-1860 —
During the Colonial period the Beaufort district grew and prospered. Rice was produced for export on the mainland, indigo in the sea islands, shipbuilding flourished. The Parish System developed as the political basis and Beaufort competed with . . . Map (db m5935) HM
12South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-21 — Beaufort Female Benevolent Society
The Society, founded in 1814 to educate and provide relief for destitute children, built this house in 1895 and leased it for many years, using the income to help the needy. Tenants included the Clover Club, which operated a circulating library . . . Map (db m5681) HM
13South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort Historic District(South Carolina)
Beaufort Historic District has been designated a National Historic Landmark This Site Possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America 1974 National Park . . . Map (db m55130) HM
14South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort National Cemetery
National Cemetery Beaufort National Cemetery was established in 1863. The U.S. Army Quartermaster General's Office laid out the 22 acres in sections that radiate outward from a central plaza to form a half circle. Of the 9,226 interments here . . . Map (db m134421) HM
15South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Beaufort South Carolina Tricentennial1711-2011 300
Beaufort 300 We celebrate and recognize the proud citizens who gave generously to create and erect these monuments to honor Beaufort's 300th Birthday January 17th 2011. (Plaque 1)    Prior to the founding of . . . Map (db m67284) HM
16South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-52 — Berean Church / J. I. Washington Branch Library
Berean Church (side 1)Berean Presbyterian Church was founded by Samuel J. Bampfield, an influential African American political figure during Reconstruction. Bampfield served in the S.C. House of Representatives, was Beaufort's postmaster, . . . Map (db m133351) HM
17South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-44 — Beth Israel Synagogue
(side 1) Beth Israel (House of Israel) Congregation was founded and chartered in 1905. Beaufort's Jewish community dates before the American Revolution, but grew most rapidly from the 1880s to the 1930s as more families arrived from Eastern . . . Map (db m133375) HM
18South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Brigadier General Stephen Elliott CSABorn October 26, 1830 Died February 21 1866
Known for acts of bravery and outstanding leadership in the defense of Beaufort. This Memorial is erected by the Stephen Elliot Chapter of the United Daughters of the Confederacy opposite the home in which this chapter was organized.Map (db m5638) HM
19South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Christensen-Fordham Buildingca. 1909
Built after The Great Fire of 1907 destroyed a frame ca. 1810 house on this site, this structure was consecutively home to hardware enterprises by two prominent Beaufort families for over 100 years. Beaufort 300Map (db m135439) HM
20South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — City Meat Market & Firehouseca. 1911
. . . Map (db m135457) HM
21South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Colonel John Barnwell"Tuscarora Jack"
Born in Dublin Ireland in 1671 Son of Jacobite, Alderman Matthew Barnwell Immigrated to South Carolina in 1701 Protege of Governor Nathaniel Johnson and Chief Justice Nicholas Trott Deputy Surveyor in 1703 Clerk of the Council 1703 . . . Map (db m148755) HM
22South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Dr. Henry Woodward, Surgeon 1646-1686(First Permanent Settler of South Carolina)
Arrived Port Royal (Beaufort) 1666 with Robert Sanford's Expedition exploring the area. He remained with Indians and learned their language. Captured by Spanish, he escaped; later returned guiding the Port Royal Colony. On his advice the . . . Map (db m144230) HM
23South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-40 — First African Baptist Church
This church, founded in 1865, grew out of an antebellum praise house for black members of the Baptist Church of Beaufort. During the Civil War, after the Federal occupation of the town, it hosted a school for freedmen. Rev. Arthur Waddell . . . Map (db m103224) HM
24South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — First Fort
On or near this site in the settlement known as Stuart Town stood the "Tight Watch House" erected in 1683-4. After the destruction of the town by the Spanish in 1686 it was replaced by a fort, approximately 100 feet square defended by "9 Great Guns" . . . Map (db m5939) HM
25South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-36 — First Presbyterian Church
Early attempts to establish a Presbyterian church in Beaufort, in the 1740s and 1880s, were unsuccessful.    The first permanent congregation was founded in 1912 by 16 charter members. In 1921, when it acquired this . . . Map (db m65698) HM
26South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-41 — Grand Army of the Republic Hall
(side 1) This building was built ca. 1896 by the David Hunter Post No. 9, Grand Army of the Republic (G.A.R.) The G.A.R., founded in 1866, was a fraternal society for veterans of the Union army and navy, with white and black posts. David . . . Map (db m133383) HM
27South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-16 — Mather School
Shortly after the Civil War, Mather School was founded here by Rachel Crane Mather of Boston. In 1882 the Women's American Baptist Home Mission Society assumed support of the venture, operating it as a normal school for black girls. With some . . . Map (db m6940) HM
28South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-30 — Maxcy - Rhett House / "Secession House"
Maxcy - Rhett House This house was built circa 1810 for Milton Maxcy (1782-1817), who came here from Massachusetts in 1804. Maxcy and his brother Virgil, who founded a school for young men in Beaufort, later taught at Beaufort College. In the . . . Map (db m5803) HM
29South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Re-interred 19 African-American Civil War VolunteersMemorial Day May 29, 1989
(Tablet One) The Governor of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts Michael S. Dukakis, and descendant's of the African-American Civil War Volunteers of the 54th and 55th Infantry Regiments and the 5th Cavalry Regiment of Massachusetts, . . . Map (db m20211) HM
30South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Richard Heron AndersonLt. Gen.—Confederate States of America
Born in Stateburg, Sumter County, SC: October 7, 1821 Graduated from West Point: 1842 Served with distinction in Mexican War: 1846-1848 Served at Cavalry School in Carlisle, PA. and wed Sarah Gibson: 1850 With the secession of South . . . Map (db m148756) HM
31South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Richard V. Woods Memorial Bridge
Dedicated in 1971 to the memory of State Highway Patrolman R.V. Woods (1935-1969) and all other South Carolina Law Enforcement Officers who died while serving in the line of dutyMap (db m15605) HM
32South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-14 — Robert Smalls
Born a slave in 1839, Robert Smalls lived to serve as a Congressman of the United States. In 1862 he commandeered and delivered to Union forces the Confederate gunboat Planter, on which he was a crewman. His career as a freedman included service as . . . Map (db m20144) HM
33South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Site of the Old Baptist Meeting House
" Here, in 1794, I had the happiness, instrumentally, to lay the foundation of a place of worship which composed of the best materials, and classes with the most neat and commodious Baptist meetinghouses in the United States." (Rev. . . . Map (db m25958) HM
34South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-22 — St. Helena's Church
(Marker Front): This Episcopal Parish was established by Act of the Assembly June 7, 1712. The first known rector, William Guy, conducted early worship services in homes of settlers. The parish suffered greatly during the 1715 Yemassee . . . Map (db m5827) HM
35South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — St. Helena's Episcopal Church
St. Helena's Parish was established June 7, 1712 by act of Provincial Assembly. First rector, The Rev. William Guy, was appointed 1713; Glebe lands of 50 acres provided 1717. Original church erected 1724; Enlarged 1770 and . . . Map (db m25741) HM
36South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-45 — St. Peter Catholic Church
(side 1) This Greek Revival church, built In 1846, dedicated as "St. Peter the Apostle Catholic Church," Is the oldest Catholic church in Beaufort County. Michael O'Connor (1798-1850), a native of Ireland who came to Beaufort In 1822, built . . . Map (db m133312) HM
37South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-14 — Tabernacle Baptist Church
Tabernacle Church was formed by black members of Beaufort Baptist Church after other members evacuated the area because of Federal occupation in 1861. The church's lecture room was used for services during the war. In 1867 the black congregation . . . Map (db m9964) HM
38South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — The Baptist Church of Beaufort
Established as a mission of the Euhaw Baptist Church in 1795, Henry Holcombe, pastor. With Joseph B. Cook as pastor, the church was chartered as a Baptist church by the State of South Carolina on January 27,1804. At the beginning of the Civil . . . Map (db m26102) HM
39South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — The Capt. Francis Saltus Houseca. 1796
. . . Map (db m135408) HM
40South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — The Sam Levin Buildingca. 1910
This structure housed a cobbler before the Levins operated businesses in it, including a print shop which produced printed materials for Parris Island using modern early 20th century equipment. Beaufort 300Map (db m135456) HM
41South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — The Wallace Houseca. 1908
. . . Map (db m135392) HM
42South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Thomas Heyward, Jr.
South Carolina 1746 - 1809 Soldier - Statesman Signer of The Declaration Of IndependenceMap (db m5940) HM
43South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — Verdier House
John Mark Verdier 1759-1826 Builder Of This House 1795-1800 General Lafayette Spoke To The People Of Beaufort From This Portico March 18, 1825Map (db m19644) HM
44South Carolina (Beaufort County), Beaufort — 7-49 — Wesley Methodist Church
(side 1) This church, established in 1833, was the first Methodist church in Beaufort and was founded as a mission to slaves and free blacks here and on the neighboring Sea Islands. The congregation had both black and white members but many . . . Map (db m133501) HM
45South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — Bluffton United Methodist Church
The Methodist Society, organized in Bluffton, built the first church and parsonage on Boundry Street in 1853. During the Civil War, two confederate soldiers saved the church from being burned. In 1875 the church sold the building to the . . . Map (db m39840) HM
46South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-2 — Bluffton, S.C.
Settled in 1825, as a summer resort of rice and cotton planters, this town was incorporated in 1852. Here in 1844 the was launched the protest against the Federal tariff known as the "Bluffton Movement".Map (db m21553) HM
47South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — #75001686 — Church of the Cross
The National Register Of Historic Places Church of the Cross South Carolina Department of Archives and History Map (db m19786) HM
48South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — In Honor Of All Veterans9-11
(Plaque 1) Dedicated to The Memory and Honor Of All Veterans Servicemen and Servicewoman Who Have Given Their Full Measure of Devotation In the Armed Forces Defending This Nation [ Emblems: Army • Navy • Marine Corps • Air Force . . . Map (db m18236) WM
49South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-29 — Michael C. Riley Schools
(Front text):This is the site of two schools that served the black community of southern Beaufort County for most of the twentieth century. Bluffton Graded School, a small frame building constructed about 1900, was followed in 1954 by an . . . Map (db m5853) HM
50South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — 7-25 — St. Luke's Church
This sanctuary, built 1824 as St. Luke's Episcopal Church, housed an active Episcopal congregation until just before the Civil War. It was sold to the trustees of St. Luke's Methodist Church in 1875 and served that congregation since. St. . . . Map (db m19645) HM
51South Carolina (Beaufort County), Bluffton — The Barrel Landing Schoolhouse
The name Barrel Landing (also spelled Barrell) comes from a nearby docking and landing area on the Okatie River initially used by early settlers of the Okatie community in the period following the Revolutionary War. Farmers and tradesmen used the . . . Map (db m15320) HM
52South Carolina (Beaufort County), Frogmore — 7-32 — The Great Sea Island Storm
( Front text ) On the night of August 27, 1893, a huge "tropical cyclone," the largest and most powerful storm to hit S.C. until Hurricane Hugo in 1989, made landfall just E of Savannah, Ga. With gusts as high as 120 mph and a storm . . . Map (db m8782) HM
53South Carolina (Beaufort County), Grays Hill — 7-5 — Battle of Port Royal Island
Near the old halfway house, in the vicinity of Grays Hill, on February 3, 1779, a force of South Carolina Militia, Continentals, and volunteers, including men from Beaufort, under General William Moultrie, defeated the British in their . . . Map (db m14738) HM
54South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-6 — "Robbers Row"
After the occupation of Hilton Head, a civilian town grew up to serve the needs of the large Union base and its garrison here. The town boasted a hotel, a theater, 2 newspapers, and numerous stores, centering along a street, officially . . . Map (db m16550) HM
55South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — African Methodist Episcopal Church Beginnings
Early A.M.E. Missionaries to South Carolina, Rev. James H.A. Johnson and Rev. James A. Handy, arrived at Hilton Head on the Steamship Arago at 3:18 p.m. Friday, May 12, 1865. Rev. James Lynch, also an A.M.E. Missionary, shared entertainment . . . Map (db m104498) HM
56South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-7 — Battle of Port Royal
A decisive battle in the Civil War took place here on Nov. 7, 1861, when 18 Union warships with about 55 supporting craft led by Adm. S.E. DuPont bombarded for 4½ hours the Confederate forces in Fort Walker on this shore and . . . Map (db m16504) HM
57South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Black Troops on Hilton Head
The first black troops in the Union Army enlisted on Hilton Head Island in May 1862. Initially, men who escaped plantations and slavery were reluctant to join the army. They did not want to leave their families and new financial opportunities and . . . Map (db m105295) HM
58South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Charlie Simmons, Sr."Mr. Transportation" 1905~2005
Before the Island's first bridge, Charlie Simmons, Sr., became known as "Mr. Transportation" amoung the local community, which was made up of descendants of freed slaves following the Civil War. Until the late 1920's sailboats were the primary . . . Map (db m41054) HM
59South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-42 — Cherry Hill School
(Front) This one-room frame school, built ca. 1937, was the first separate school building constructed for African-American students on Hilton Head Island. It replaced an earlier Cherry Hill School, which had held its classes in personage of St. . . . Map (db m104496) HM
60South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — First African Baptist Church
Oldest Baptist church on Hilton Head Island Organized August 17, 1862 in the town of Mitchelville with 120 members Building was moved to present location later and rebuilt in 1966 Rededicated October 30, 1988 Rev. C.W. Aiken, Pastor . . . Map (db m104497) HM
61South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-37 — First African Baptist Church
(front) This church, organized in 1862, was first located in the town of Mitchelville, a freedman’s village established on Hilton Head by the United States Army. Rev. Abraham Murchinson, its first pastor, was a former slave. The . . . Map (db m104580) HM
62South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-18 — Fish Hall Plantation
This plantation was part of a 1717 Proprietary landgrant of 500 acres to Col. John Barnwell. Later owners included members of the Green, Ellis, and Pope families. Nearby tabby ruins are remains of fire places of slave cabins. Graves of blacks, who . . . Map (db m6625) HM
63South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-34 — Fort Howell
(Front ) This Civil War fort, named for Gen. Joshua Blackwood Howell (1806-1864), was built by the U.S. Army to defend Hilton Head Island and the nearby freedmen’s village of Mitchelville from potential Confederate raids or . . . Map (db m49841) HM
64South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Fort Howell - 1864
An excellent example of the defensive earthworks common to the civil War era, Fort Howell was constructed by Union Forces occupying Hilton Head Island and was one of the final fortifications to be built during the war. The men of the 32nd U.S. . . . Map (db m6801) HM
65South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-8 — Fort Sherman
Completed in 1862, this large earth fort was designed to defend the great Union blockade base on Hilton Head against Confederate land attack. Named after the first Union commander here, Gen. Thomas W. Sherman, the fort consists of two miles of . . . Map (db m15949) HM
66South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-9 — Fort Walker
Hastily built in 1861 to protect the S.C. coast against Union attack, Fort Walker, commanded by Col. William C. Heyward, bore the brunt of the Union attack on November 7, 1861, when after 4½ hours, with only 3 guns left serviceable and . . . Map (db m16519) HM
67South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Forts of the Civil War Era
Fort Howell is typical of the earthen forts constructed during the Civil War by both Confederates and Union Armies. The change from earlier brick and stone masonry forts was the result of advances in weaponry that occurred as the Civil War . . . Map (db m131833) HM
68South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — General Howell / Captain Suter
General Joshua Blackwood Howell 1806-1864 Fort Howell is named for General Joshua Blackwood Howell of Pennsylvania, who commanded the Hilton Head District, Department of the South, United States Army, from February through April, 1864. . . . Map (db m131835) HM
69South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-11 — Hilton Head
A prominent landmark for mariners since the voyages of the early Spanish explorers, this headland was known to the English as Hilton Head after the voyage in 1663 of Captain William Hilton which led to their first permanent settlement in . . . Map (db m16231) HM
70South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Hilton Head Island
This marker has been erected as a lasting tribute to the following men who envisioned Hilton Head Island as a place where man could commune with Nature and the Forest and all things that dwell therein. These men determined that no . . . Map (db m104507)
71South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Hilton Head Island Veterans Memorial
Dedicated to all veterans who have served their country honorably, and have helped preserve the freedoms that we enjoy in this great country. From A Grateful NationMap (db m7015) HM
72South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — History Of The Dolphin Head Area(Hilton Head Island)
(Left column) ¤ 15,000 to 4,000 Years Ago: The    rising sea level flooded the deep basin    now known as Port Royal Sound. ¤ 1531: Spanish explorers Francisco    Gordillo and Pedro de Quexos sailed    into Port Royal . . . Map (db m63445) HM
73South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — In MemoriamCaptain John Stoney — 1749 - 1821 —
native of Ireland, soldier in the Revolution, planter on this island, a founder of the Episcopal Church on Hilton Head, the ancestor of the Stoneys of South Carolina. Also of his grandson, John Safford Stoney, eldest son of John and Elizabeth . . . Map (db m119649) HM
74South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Mitchelville and Abolitionists
Interest in the freedom seekers of Mitchelville and the surrounding areas led to an outpouring of assistance from Northern missionaries and abolitionists. They organized and sent aid and teachers. Newspaper reporters came to document conditions . . . Map (db m105263) HM
75South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Mitchelville Building Sites
The Maps and Pictures below identify the approximate locations of roads and buildings that were in Mitchelville circa 1862-1868.The Town of Mitchelville had praise houses, stores, schools and numerous homes. Unfortunately no physical remains of . . . Map (db m105156) HM
76South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-23 — Mitchelville Site
In 1862, after Hilton Head's fall to Union forces in 1861, this town, planned for the area's former slaves and named for General Ormsby M. Mitchel, began.Map (db m6783) HM
77South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-55 — Queen Chapel A.M.E. Church
(front) The congregation of Queen Chapel can trace its roots to May 1865 when A.M.E. missionaries Rev. R.H. Cain, Rev. James H.A. Johnson and James A. Handy arrived on Hilton Head Island. They visited the Freedman’s town of Mitchelville . . . Map (db m104583) HM
78South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Reconnecting with Family
Reuniting with family was one of the first concerns of African slaves who escaped to Hilton Head Island. Slavery split up families. Owners could sell family members for profit or punishment. On Hilton Head Island, and places where freedom seekers . . . Map (db m105209) HM
79South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Religion in Mitchelville/School in Mitchelville
Religion in Mitchelville Before Mitchelville was established, African slaves on the island congregated at impromptu religious services under trees. The churches built in Mitchelville were the center of religious, social, political, and . . . Map (db m105172) HM
80South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-13 — Revolutionary War Ambush
In December 1781, returning from a patrol with the Patriot Militia, Charles Devant was mortally wounded from ambush near here by Captain Martinangel's Royal Militia from Daufuskie Island. He managed to ride his horse to his nearby plantation, Two . . . Map (db m33789) HM
81South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-33 — St. James Baptist Church
This church, founded in 1886 by former members of First African Baptist Church, is one of the oldest surviving institutions remaining from the town of Mitchelville, a freedmen’s village established here by the United States Army in 1862. The present . . . Map (db m44098) HM
82South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Steam Gun
Hilton Head Steamgun was the last of 13 produced - 8 land based and 5 ship borne. The 50 foot long, 15-inch diameter barrel propelled a 7 foot long, dynamite loaded projectile up to 3 .25 miles. Two steam engines powered an electric generator . . . Map (db m16604) HM
83South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — The Battle of Port Royal / William Fitzhugh and Black Sailors in the Union Navy
The Battle of Port Royal On November 7, 1861, at the Battle of Port Royal Union forces attacked Confederates at Fort Walker on Hilton Head island and Fort Beauregard at Bay Point.The Union deployed the largest amphibious fleet ever assembled . . . Map (db m105290) HM
84South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — The Dawn of Freedom: Mitchelville
During the civil War, Union forces defeated the Confederates on Hilton Head Island at the Battle of Port Royal on November 7, 1861. Cannon fire from that battle heralded a dawn of freedom for millions of African slaves throughout the South. . . . Map (db m105121) HM
85South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — The Story of Fort Howell
In the spring and summer of 1864, Union officers of the Department of the South on Hilton Head Island became concerned about retaining sufficient troops and equipment to defend Hilton Head, as units were being transferred to participate in campaigns . . . Map (db m131823) HM WM
86South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — The Troops that Built Fort Howell / Camp Baird
The Troops that Built Fort Howell Construction of Fort Howell was begun by the 32nd U.S. Colored Infantry and completed by the 144th New York Infantry. The 500-man 32nd Colored Infantry was organized at Camp William Penn, Philadelphia, . . . Map (db m131839) HM
87South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-18 — Thomas Fenwick Drayton
Confederate Brig. Gen. Thomas F. Drayton was in command of this area at the time of nearby battle of Port Royal, November 7, 1861. A brother, Capt. Percival Drayton, commanded the Union warship Pocahontas at the same battle. . . . Map (db m9966) HM
88South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Two Gallant Gentlemen from South Carolina
To honor the memory of two gallant gentleman of South Carolina. Thomas Fenwick Drayton; Brigadier-General, C.S.A. and his brother Commodore Percival Drayton, U.S.N., Captain of U.S.S. Hartford, and later the first Chief of Naval Operations. . . . Map (db m16499) HM
89South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-35 — William Simmons House
(Front text) This house, built in 1930, is typical in materials and methods of construction of those built on the S.C. Sea Islands from the end of the Civil War to the mid-20th century. It was built on land bought after 1865 by William . . . Map (db m56892) HM
90South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — Working for Wages/Freedmen’s Bureau
Working for Wages African slaves who escaped their plantations and worked for the Union military earned between six and eighteen dollars a month as carpenters, blacksmiths, drivers, boatmen, and laborers. Others worked as cooks and servants . . . Map (db m105254) HM
91South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — World’s Largest Figurative Sundial
(plaque 1) Welcome to The Shelter Cove Harbor Community Home Of The World’s Largest Figurative Sundial Dedicated August 18, 1983 The sculpture weighs more than a ton, is a twice life sized statue of Neptune, cast in bronze at . . . Map (db m104698)
92South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — 7-12 — Zion Chapel of Ease and Cemetery
A Chapel of St. Luke's Parish, established May 23, 1767, built of wood shortly after 1786 under the direction of Captain John Stoney and Isaac Fripp, was consecrated in 1833. Members of the Barksdale, Baynard, Chaplin, Davant, Fripp, Kirk, . . . Map (db m119648) HM
93South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hunting Island — Hunting Island Light Station
The Hunting Island Lighthouse guided mariners along the stretch of the South Carolina coast for many years. The first lighthouse, constructed of brick and completed in 1859, was demolished by Confederate troops during the early days of the . . . Map (db m105048) HM
94South Carolina (Beaufort County), Palmetto Bluff — Palmetto BluffEvolution of a Village
People Have Always Gathered Here... We know from ancient shell middens found on these bluffs that Native American hunter-gatherers inhabited this site as early as 1564. Like today's residents and visitors, they appreciated the . . . Map (db m20319) HM
95South Carolina (Beaufort County), Palmetto Bluff — Palmetto BluffWilson Ruins
The ruins that lie before you are the remains of Marion and Richard T. Wilson Jr.'s winter and spring home. The four-story mansion occupied what is now the Wilson Village Green and took approximately five years to construct. Once completed in 1914, . . . Map (db m20367) HM
96South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Aqui Estuvo España(Here Was Spain)
En respetuoso recuerdo de los Españoles que entre 1566 y 1587 dejaron aqui huella de su paso para gloria de España, y en agradecimiento a los Americanos benemeritos que hoy, con su trabaios rinden culto a su memoriay a la historia comun de España y . . . Map (db m20988) HM
97South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Barrow Hall
General Robert H. Barrow enlisted in the Marine Corps in 1942, and was assigned as an assistant drill instructor at Marine Corps Recruit Depot, San Diago, before being commissioned as a second lieutenant in 1943. He served during World War II in . . . Map (db m20862) HM
98South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Battle of Port Royal
On the morning of November 7, 1861, Du Pont's flagship, the Wabash led the fleet into action. As the Union vessels near the sound Confederate batteries at Forts Walker and Beauregard opened fire. Du Pont, having sent ships to test the enemy's . . . Map (db m20380) HM
99South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — Capt. Brodstrom Marker U.S.M.C.
In memory of Capt. Bror G. Brodstrom U.S.M.C. Associated with recruit training from 1918 to 1921. His influence was reflected in the high standard of men furnished in peace and war.Map (db m103790) WM
100South Carolina (Beaufort County), Parris Island — # 74001822 — Charlesfort-Santa Elena Site
. . . Map (db m20287) HM

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May. 11, 2021