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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Calvert County, Maryland

 
Clickable Map of Calvert County, Maryland and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Calvert County, MD (147) Anne Arundel County, MD (436) Charles County, MD (142) Dorchester County, MD (102) Prince George s County, MD (524) St. Mary s County, MD (269) Talbot County, MD (117)  CalvertCounty(147) Calvert County (147)  AnneArundelCounty(436) Anne Arundel County (436)  CharlesCounty(142) Charles County (142)  DorchesterCounty(102) Dorchester County (102)  PrinceGeorge'sCounty(524) Prince George's County (524)  St.Mary'sCounty(269) St. Mary's County (269)  TalbotCounty(117) Talbot County (117)
Adjacent to Calvert County, Maryland
    Anne Arundel County (436)
    Charles County (142)
    Dorchester County (102)
    Prince George's County (524)
    St. Mary's County (269)
    Talbot County (117)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — "The Campground"Chesapeake Beach Historic Heritage Trail
The neighborhood known as "The Campground" was located in this area when the Chesapeake Beach Resort opened in 1900. By the 1920s, small summer residences were being built here. The High View Hotel, was located south of this location, and the Water . . . — Map (db m162775) HM
2Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Abner's Crab House
Capt. Fred Abner, along with John Sens, bought 7 lots, 175' on Fishing Creek in 1956. Fred Abner's son, Bobby was granted the property for 7 years during this time Abner's crab house was opened on September 4, 1966. Bobby purchased all the . . . — Map (db m162785) HM
3Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Bald Eagle
Bald Eagles typically nest within a half-mile of water. The resident Bald Eagle's nest downstream from this viewing platform is in a forested area. It is important to stay a reasonable distance from Bald Eagle nests when observing. Human . . . — Map (db m162783) HM
4Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Bay Front BeachChesapeake Beach Historic Heritage Trail
The present location of what is now known as Bay Front Park encompasses the boardwalk and the beach. Bay Front Park was affectionately called and is still referred to as Brownie's Beach by long-time residents. Its name was taken from the Brown . . . — Map (db m162774) HM
5Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — BirdsChesapeake Beach Railway Trail
Ospreys build their nests on man-made structures such as the channel markers along the stream. They travel up Fishing Creek to hunt for fish, which make up 99 percent of the osprey's diet. Only the male red-winged blackbird has a bright red . . . — Map (db m162791) HM
6Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Chesapeake Beach ParkChesapeake Beach Historic Heritage Trail
17th Street marks the southern boundary of Chesapeake Beach Park from 1946 to 1972. The street names in Chesapeake Station are reminders of the rich Park history. The names Arcade, Bandshell, Carousel, and Dentzel, bring back fond memories of happy . . . — Map (db m162778) HM
7Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Chesapeake Beach Railway1897-1935
Built by Otto Mears of Colorado in 1897. The train track linking Washington, D.C. to Chesapeake Beach crossed here. The original depot to the east is now the Railway Museum. Excursion steamboats also brought passengers to Chesapeake Beach from . . . — Map (db m731) HM
8Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Chesapeake Beach Railway
From 1900 until 1935 the Chesapeake Beach Railway carried Washington excursionists through the honeysuckle-scented countryside of Southern Maryland, giving the railway the name of The Honeysuckle Line. The last train left Chesapeake Beach on . . . — Map (db m162780) HM
9Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Chesapeake Beach Railway Station
This Property has Been Placed on the National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the Interior This railroad station, erected in 1898-1899, is the original eastern terminus of the Chesapeake Beach Railway. . . . — Map (db m109617) HM
10Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Forest EdgesChesapeake Beach Railway Trail
The forest that you are looking at was planted when this trail was built in 2011. The new forest will add to the habitat for wildlife in the area, helping to reduce the conflict between human activity and animals. [Sidebar:] . . . — Map (db m162796) HM
11Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Honor RollNorth, West and Chesapeake Beaches — Chesapeake Beach Veterans' Memorial Park —
★ Alanson S. Ackerman • Everett W. Ackerman • Henry W. Bowman • Gilbert Brown • Charles M. Buckmaster • Earl Chaney • William Chaney, Jr. • W. Arthur Clark • Martin Cochran • William M. Daymude • Joseph E. Dodge . . . — Map (db m138561) WM
12Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Railroad Artifacts At The MuseumChesapeake Beach Railway
The Chesapeake Beach Railway ran trains to Chesapeake Beach from 1900 until the bankruptcy of the Railway in 1935. After that time the East Washington Railway operated out of the maintenance yard and roundhouse at Seat Pleasant, Maryland. Between . . . — Map (db m162781) HM
13Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Railroad Bed
Here you can see the evidence of the railroad that used to bring visitors from Washington D.C. to Chesapeake Beach during the summertime. The Mears Avenue road bed is the same road bed as the Railroad. The Railroad went west along Fishing Creek . . . — Map (db m162784) HM
14Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — The Belvedere HotelChesapeake Beach Historic Heritage Trail
The grand Belvedere Hotel stood at this corner from 1900 until it burned in 1923. This was also the location of the southern end of the Boardwalk. A walkway from the Boardwalk to the shore joined 17th Street at the water's edge. From 1914 until the . . . — Map (db m162777) HM
15Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — The Chesapeake Beach RailwayChesapeake Beach Historic Heritage Trail
Near this spot in the early 20th century, steam trains from The Chesapeake Beach Railway discharged passengers from Washington DC. They arrived with great expectations for a busy day enjoying the many amusements of the beach and park. The park . . . — Map (db m109665) HM
16Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — Tree CanopyChesapeake Beach Railway Trail
The tree canopy is ahead of you serves as a home to birds and other marsh dwelling animals. Some of the trees that you will see here and along with other parts of the trail includes: black locust, sweetgum, and black cherry trees. . . . — Map (db m162788) HM
17Maryland (Calvert County), Chesapeake Beach — WatershedChesapeake Beach Railway Trail
Clean watersheds are important to the ecology of the Chesapeake Bay. The local Fishing Creek watershed is somewhat small in size and serves as a nursery and breeding grounds for many species of wildlife. It is important that we keep the . . . — Map (db m162794) HM
18Maryland (Calvert County), Dowell — Amphibious Training Base
This nation's first naval amphibious training base was established here at Solomons where between 1942 and 1945 some 68,000 sailers, marines, coast guardsmen, and soldiers were trained. They formed the major components of the amphibious forces which . . . — Map (db m3435) HM
19Maryland (Calvert County), Dunkirk — Smithville United Methodist Church
The brick church, dedicated in 1840, is the oldest standing Methodist church in Calvert County. The Calvert Circuit began in 1781 with services in homes. By 1789 this circuit had the largest membership in the United States. Fielder B. Smith gave . . . — Map (db m3417) HM
20Maryland (Calvert County), Huntingtown — Warships and Raids
War vessels passed by here in 1814. The Chesapeake Flotilla, consisting of 50- and 75-foot gun barges, sought safety in shallow waters upstream. British ships hotly pursued, and Americans eventually scuttled the flotilla to keep it from . . . — Map (db m68044) HM
21Maryland (Calvert County), Lower Marlboro — Lower MarlboroCalvert County — Port town to “front porch” town in 300 years —
Before the American Revolution, Lower Marlborough (the spelling officially changed to Marlboro in the 19th century) was a thriving port town with large homes, inns, stores, warehouses, a sawmill, a tobacco inspection station, and the British . . . — Map (db m94704) HM
22Maryland (Calvert County), Lower Marlboro — Town RavagedStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
A British force of about 160 Royal Marines and 30 Colonial Marines (former slaves) took Lower Marlboro on June 15, 1814, without and resistance. Occupying the town overnight, they burned warehouses full of tobacco, stole a schooner, livestock, and . . . — Map (db m80885) HM
23Maryland (Calvert County), Lusby — Cove Point Lighthouse3.4 miles
Built in 1828, the oldest operating lighthouse in Maryland. The prism lens used today was manufactured in Paris and installed in 1897. The original 38-foot tower was built of locally manufactured brick and was raised about 1912 to 51 feet. In 1953 . . . — Map (db m3440) HM
24Maryland (Calvert County), Lusby — Middleham Chapel
Founded, 1684, as a chapel of ease in Christ Church parish and named for Middleham, Yorkshire, England. The site has been used for worship since the founding, but the chapel was rebuilt in 1748. The bell, given by John Holdsworth, is dated 1699. — Map (db m3436) HM
25Maryland (Calvert County), Lusby — Morgan Hill Farm
The tract, originally known as Morgan’s Fresh, was granted, 1651, to Philip Morgan, a captain in the Puritan militia. The house, which overlooks St. Leonard Creek, was built before 1670 and served as a lookout station in the War of 1812 and the . . . — Map (db m3437) HM
26Maryland (Calvert County), Lusby — Preston on Patuxent
Home of Richard Preston, Commander of the North Bank of the Patuxent River 1649. Seat of the Puritan Government of Maryland where the colonial records were kept 1653–1657. — Map (db m3462) HM
27Maryland (Calvert County), Lusby — The Cliffs of Calvert
First described in 1608 by Captain John Smith and marked on his map. One of the most unusual natural curiosities in the state. → — Map (db m3439) HM
28Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Beach & PierPicturing the Past
The Town of North Beach, Calvert County's northernmost municipality, was originally called "North Chesapeake Beach" when it was first developed for summer cottages in 1900. Before then, this view of the beach itself had changed relatively little . . . — Map (db m138545) HM
29Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Beach Buccaneers
The Beach Buccaneers Youth Club is non-profit organization dedicated to encouraging youth to participate in sports. Founded by the first club President, Yogi Sweeney along with Buddy Simonds, John Thomas and Bill Thomas, the Buccaneers had their . . . — Map (db m138536) HM
30Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Cliffs of Calvert
The Cliffs of Calvert dominate the shoreline for 30 miles along the coast of Calvert County. They are as impressive a sight today as they were in 1608 when Captain John Smith came upon them "Rickard Cliffs". The cliffs were formed over 15 million . . . — Map (db m138550) HM
31Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Early BusinessesPicturing the Past
The shores of the Chesapeake Bay are the perfect place to watch the ebb and flow of the tides. Just as with the tides, the small town of North Beach has experimented many changes in its history. The town's original heyday began in the early . . . — Map (db m138559) HM
32Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Lt Brendan Looney
In memory of Lt Brendan Looney, Seal Team 3 Afghanistan, September 21, 2010 Lt. Stephen Clagett, Jr., Calvert County, Dematha and Seal teammate — Map (db m138540) WM
33Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — North Beach Boardwalk
There was a boardwalk in North Beach as early as the 1930's. The structure was only two blocks long, from 5th to 7th Street on Atlantic Avenue. It was destroyed by the hurricane of 1933. The boardwalk was rebuilt several times following storm . . . — Map (db m138547) HM
34Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — North Beach Pier
A pier has stood on this site since the 1920's, when Captain Oscar Marshall's Crab House was at the end of the pier facing a dance pavilion The original pier was destroyed in the 1933 hurricane. A larger pier replaced it that included a lower deck . . . — Map (db m138538) HM
35Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Russell David HallJune 12, 1925 - June 5, 2005 — The Town of North Beach, Calvert County, MD. —
May the road rise to meet you May the wind be always at your back May the sunshine warm Upon your face May the rains fall soft upon your fields And until we meet again May God hold you in the palm of His hands. Russell . . . — Map (db m138542) HM
36Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Sharps Island Lighthouse
Sharps Island Lighthouse, one of the cassion-type lighthouses left on the Bay, sits on the sand bar of Tilghman Island. The lighthouse leans to one side because of damage caused by ice in the early 1970's. The sand bar is all that remains of Sharps . . . — Map (db m138535) HM
37Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — The Bay Bridge
Look to the north on a clear day and you can catch a glimpse of the William Preston Lane, Jr. Memorial Bridge, commonly referred to as the Bay Bridge. Spanning the Chesapeake Bay between Sandy Point and Stevensville, the bridge stretches more than 4 . . . — Map (db m138539) HM
38Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — The Town of North Beach
The Town of North Beach was incorporated in 1910. It was developed and marketed as a waterfront resort by the North Beach Land and Improvement Company. In 1906, the company opened a road between Chesapeake Beach and what was then called North . . . — Map (db m138548) HM
39Maryland (Calvert County), North Beach — Working Watermen
The Chesapeake Bay has a long tradition of providing a livelihood for working watermen. More crabs have been harvested from the Bay than from any other body of water in the world. Innumerable crab pot buoys, each painted a different color and . . . — Map (db m138537) HM
40Maryland (Calvert County), Owings — A County in RuinStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
British raiding parties brought the war to Calvert County in 1814, destroying plantations and towns and carrying away the spoils. With the county’s tobacco-based economy and England as its primary market at the start of the war, Britain’s blockade . . . — Map (db m80882) HM
41Maryland (Calvert County), Owings — Calvert County
Established as Patuxent County in 1654, it was given Lord Baltimore’s family name in 1658. Now the state's smallest county, it once encompassed most of Prince George’s County and parts of Anne Arundel and St. Mary’s counties. A narrow peninsula with . . . — Map (db m3415) HM
42Maryland (Calvert County), Owings — Lower Marlboro Town
Originally Cox Town, named for early settlers Thomas and Henry Cox (1663). Changed to Marlborough to honor Duke for defeating French at Battle of Blenheim (1704), which reduced French and Indian attacks on the colonies. An early port of entry . . . — Map (db m3418) HM
43Maryland (Calvert County), Port Republic — Christ Church(Episcopal) — 1672 —
One of the original parishes of the Province of Maryland and Calvert County’s oldest continuously worshipping congregation, Christ Church began with a log church standing as early as 1672. Christ Church parish, 1692, included all the land south of . . . — Map (db m3441) HM
44Maryland (Calvert County), Port Republic — One-Room School
Port Republic School No. 7, built about 1870 and closed in 1932. One teacher usually taught seven grades. Children walked to school from as far as three miles away. In the 59 similar schools throughout Calvert County, enrollment averaged about 30. . . . — Map (db m3442) HM
45Maryland (Calvert County), Port Republic — School #7Rural One-Room School During Segregation — Calvert County — Port Republic —
Port Republic School #7 was built on this site around 1870 and remained in continuous use until it was closed in 1932. This school is from a time when free public education for all was a new concept in post-Civil War America. This schoolhouse . . . — Map (db m66097) HM
46Maryland (Calvert County), Port Republic — Veitch’s Cove
James Veitch, born 1628 in Roxburghshire, Scotland. Settled at Veitch’s Cove, later known as Veitch’s Rest, an original land patent granted by Lord Baltimore in 1649. Sheriff of Calvert County 1653–1657. Died 1685. — Map (db m3443) HM
47Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Arthur Storer Planetarium
Arthur Storer (c. 1642–1686), the first astronomer in the American Colonies, came to Calvert County from Lincolnshire, England. He was among the first observers to sight and record data describing Haley's comet on its return in 1682. His . . . — Map (db m3450) HM
48Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Battle Creek Cypress Swamp2 miles
A Bald Cypress Reserve and amphibian sanctuary. One of the last remaining stands of Bald Cypress in Maryland, and the most northerly growth in the Country. Registered as a National Landmark, 1965. — Map (db m3451) HM
49Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — British VengeanceStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
British forces landed at Hallowing Point July 21, 1814. They took 21 slaves and destroyed the home and barn of Colonel Benjamin Mackall. This was perhaps retaliation for the house being used by Calvert County militia. “About 300 men landed . . . — Map (db m80892) HM
50Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Joseph & James WilkinsonTwo revolutionary leaders who grew up on farm south of Hunting Creek
Joseph Wilkinson was colonel in the Revolution and a legislator. His younger brother James, an adventurer, first attained general’s rank in 1777 at the age of 20. James built a grist-mill nearby, became General-in-Chief of the army, was Military . . . — Map (db m3453) HM
51Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Old Wallville Schoolca. 1880-1934
Oldest standing one-room schoolhouse for African American students in Calvert County. Offered education for grades 1-7 in the Wallville community. Illustrates the segregated educational facilities of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. . . . — Map (db m54367) HM
52Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Panic in Prince Frederick
Imagine the horror of a night-time raid! Residents of Prince Frederick must have known they were British targets, as recent raids had already devastated nearby Lower Marlboro, St. Leonard, and Huntingtown. Alarm spread with news of . . . — Map (db m68045) HM
53Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Prince Frederick Library “Firsts”
The west wing of this library was built in 1903 on Main Street as the County’s first bank. In 1913, it was replaced, moved and became the County’s first library; 1916 County’s first Boy Scoot Troop met there; 1921 it was County’s first high school; . . . — Map (db m3454) HM
54Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — St. John’s Holiness Church
On this site stood St. John’s Holiness Church. Dedicated 1900. Removed 1936. Rededicated to Prince Frederick Methodist Cemetery Corporation 1986. — Map (db m3455) HM
55Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — Veterans Green — [Prince Frederick, MD] —
Monument 1 [north lawn] : Veterans Green Dedicated Memorial Day May 31, 1999 World War II Memorial [west lawn, north face]: Dedicated to the glory of almighty God in memory of Calvert County men and women who . . . — Map (db m45309) WM
56Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — W. S. Brooks High School
The first public high school for African Americans in Calvert County was opened in 1938 and served until desegregation in 1966. Named for William Sampson Brooks (1865–1934). Born in Calvert County, Rev. Brooks was an advocate of education, . . . — Map (db m29522) HM
57Maryland (Calvert County), Prince Frederick — World War Memorial
The soldiers and sailors from Calvert County who lost their lives in the World War. George Armiger • Solomon Barnes • Wm T Dorsey • Arck L Lore • William N Marquess • Thomas Osborne • Reuben Pitcher • Murray A Sherbert • Irving R Stallings • . . . — Map (db m45294) HM
58Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Scoot (Reproduction)20' × 4'6" — V Bottom —
Scoot was built in 1989 by Winslow Womack of St. Michaels, Maryland. Her design is based on plans by Howard I. Chapelle for a 20-foot Chesapeake "sharpie," a craft with a double-ended hull and a shallow, V-shaped bottom. The boat is similar . . . — Map (db m138601) HM
59Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Spirit22' × 7' — Round Bottom —
Spirit was designed and built by Ernest H. "Dick" Hartge at Eustis, Florida, in 1976. Dick Hartge was originally from Galesville, Maryland, where he built many of the well-known Chesapeake 20s. Spirit resembles a Chesapeake 20 but with . . . — Map (db m138599) HM
60Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Volunteer
This land-locked "boat" was built over 2011-12 in the form of a scaled-down classic Chesapeake bugeye. The two-masted bugeye was originally developed in the 19th century for oyster harvesting. Solomons built more bugeyes than anywhere else on the . . . — Map (db m138564) HM
61Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Anchor
Five thousand pound anchor from the USS Valcour, a seaplane tender and a research vessel. Vessel was stripped for salvage at the U.S. Navy Ordinance Testing Station at Solomons in 1976. Anchor was originally aboard USS Portsmouth . . . — Map (db m138562) HM
62Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Anchor
Iron anchor from round stern, gaffed-rigged bugeye Catherine. The anchor was found in the Chesapeake Bay off Dares Beach and recovered by Capt. Martin O'Berry. The Catherine was built by M. M. Davis in Solomons in 1911 and owned by . . . — Map (db m138563) HM
63Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Apt AnchorageStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
The point to the north protruding into the river is appropriately called “Point Patience” as it was difficult to maneuver around in the era of sail. The south side of the point provided good anchorage, visibility, protection from other . . . — Map (db m81121) HM
64Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Becker House145 Charles Street — Outreach classroom and guest apartments. —
Built in 1924 by Clarence Davis as a general store operated by Gus, Sam and Hyman Becker; later converted to a laundromat. Acquired by CBL in 2000. — Map (db m138618) HM
65Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Benning Crab Skiff16' × 5'3" × 1'8" — Flat Bottom —
This flat-bottom crabbing skiff was built around 1920 by Harry Benning at Galesville, Maryland. A Clinton air-cooled engine was installed in the 1930s, but the former sail rig was retained. She is currently outfitted for trotlining. A trotline . . . — Map (db m138575) HM
66Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Box Stern Workboat John A. Ryder40'6" × 12' × 2'6" — V Bottom —
John A. Ryder represents the most common type of Chesapeake Bay workboat, with its V-bottom and flat box-stern. These gradually replaced earlier powerboats like the adjacent Penguin. John A. Ryder was built in 1944 as the . . . — Map (db m138589) HM
67Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Built for Work — Built for PleasureTraditional Boats of Southern Maryland
"The Chesapeake Bay has been known from the earliest times for the speed and beauty of its vessels" — Henry Hall, 1884 For centuries, wooden boats served as the primary means of transportation and communication, and chief tool . . . — Map (db m138566) HM
68Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Calvert County
Established as Patuxent County in 1654, it was given Lord Baltimore’s family name in 1658. Now the state's smallest county, it once encompassed most of Prince George’s County and parts of Anne Arundel and St. Mary’s counties. A narrow peninsula with . . . — Map (db m3416) HM
69Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Calvert Marine Museum's Dee of St. Mary's
Stats Like all Chesapeake skipjacks, the Dee of St. Mary's has a shallow draft to negotiate the waters along the shorelines and a wide bottom for stability. She is constructed mostly of white oak and spruce pine.
56' . . . — Map (db m138610) HM
70Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Chaney Rail Skiff16'7" × 3'4" × 1' — Flat Bottom —
Rail skiffs were used almost exclusively for hunting rail birds in season in the early autumn. The marshes of the upper Patuxent River were once one of the most well known hunting grounds in the mid-Atlantic region. In use, a gunner stood in front, . . . — Map (db m138595) HM
71Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
Founded by R.V. Truitt, 1925. Sponsored by Maryland Conservation Department since 1931, in cooperation with Carnegie Institution, Johns Hopkins and Maryland universities, Goucher, St. John's, Washington, and Western Maryland colleges "to afford a . . . — Map (db m3456) HM
72Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Colonial Dugout or Punt (Reproduction)15'3" × 2'2" × 1' — Round Bottom Log —
During the early colonial period, boatbuilders were in short supply. As most settlements were built along the Chesapeake's rivers and creeks, there was a great need for small boats of any kind. Colonists, using metal-edged tools, were able to refine . . . — Map (db m138584) HM
73Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Crab Skiff Pep (Reproduction)18'6 × 3'8" × 1' — Flat Bottom —
In 1940, noted maritime historian Howard I. Chapelle documented a small flat-bottom, double-ended crab skiff at Deal Island, Maryland. This was one of the many varieties of Chesapeake crab skiffs noted by Chapelle in two articles written for . . . — Map (db m138591) HM
74Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Drum Point Lighthouse1883-1962
This lighthouse, installed in 1883, originally stood 125 yards offshore at the entrance of the Patuxent River to the Chesapeake Bay. The foundation on which the cottage living quarters rest consist of seven wrought iron screw piles, hand bored into . . . — Map (db m3457) HM
75Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Drum Point Lighthouse
"The necessity of a light at this point is very great, as all vessels bound up or down the Chesapeake put in at this place during the winter to seek protection from floating ice; and as the entrance is formed by a low sand spit, . . . — Map (db m60232) HM
76Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Enemy BlockadeStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
British warships blockaded the mouth of the Patuxent River after the Chesapeake Flotilla and Royal Navy skirmished off Cedar Point to the south June 1, 1814. Drum Point to the north served as a major British anchorage. The British made mischief in . . . — Map (db m81120) HM
77Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Five-Log Canoe Shamrock40'8" × 9'4" × 3'10" — Round Bottom Log —
Shamrock was built around 1908 near Poquoson, Virginia. She has the dimensions of a sailing "brogan," a predecessor to the larger bugeye, but was probably designed as a powerboat. By the time of her construction, few large log-hulled boats . . . — Map (db m138587) HM
78Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Hooper Island Launch Penguin45' × 9'8" × 4'2" — V Bottom —
Penguin represents a once-numerous class of V-bottom boats known as Hooper Island launches, draketails, ducktails, or torpedo-sterns. Many were built on Hooper Island, Maryland, in the 1920s and 1930s; hence the name. The launches were . . . — Map (db m138592) HM
79Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Humphreys Rowing Skiff12'6" × 4'2" × 6 — Flat Bottom —
Flat-bottom skiffs offer the advantage of simple design and low cost construction. This skiff was built around 1928 by Harry Humphreys of Rousby Hall, Maryland, a carpenter at M. M. Davis & Son shipyard, who intended it for local transportation and . . . — Map (db m138568) HM
80Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — J. C. Lore & Sons Oyster House
Joseph C. Lore, Sr., began shipping seafood from Solomons Island in 1888 and established a packing house at this site in 1912. Three generations of Lore family packed and shipped Patuxent River oysters, crabs and fish until 1978. Present building . . . — Map (db m3459) HM
81Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Jenkins Creek Crab Scrape Geda17'6" × 6' × 2'2" — V Bottom —
Geda is a scaled-down version of a wide V-bottom boat once commonly found in the area of Tangier Sound. The boat was built by Leon Marsh of Rodes Point, Smith Island, Maryland, around 1955, but has its origins in earlier sailing crab scrapes. . . . — Map (db m138576) HM
82Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Jolly Boat16' × 4'8" × 8" — Round Bottom —
A jolly boat is a general purpose ship's boat usually carried about deck or on stern davits. This example was formerly carried by the 75-foot gasoline launch Chicago, built in 1916 by the St. Louis Boat Co. of Milwaukee, Wisconsin. . . . — Map (db m138578) HM
83Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Leatherbury Sailing Bateau19'8" × 7'2" × 1'8" — V Bottom —
Traditionally, Chesapeake V-bottom sailing craft were commonly referred to as "bateaux," a term not much used today. This bateau was built by Capt. Ed Leatherbury (1863 - 1952) of Shadyside, Maryland, in the early 1900s and was used as part of his . . . — Map (db m138582) HM
84Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — M. M. Davis Shipyard1885–1974
1885 Marcellus M. Davis established his shipyard at this location, in 1913 the yard was moved to larger quarters across the harbor on Mill Creek. During the 1930’s, Davis’ yard produced many outstanding wooden yachts which brought international fame . . . — Map (db m3460) HM
85Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Mansueti Laboratory146 Williams Street
Built in 1980 and dedicated in 1992 to honor Dr. Romeo Mansueti (1923-1964), a former CBL fishery scientist, naturalist, and biological illustrator. This building is home to CBL's administrative offices. Housed within are the . . . — Map (db m138619) HM
86Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Marine Railway Gears
Gift: Gorman A. Buckler CMM74.521 Set of cast iron gears formerly used to operate the marine railway at M.M. Davis and Son shipyard on Mill Creek, Solomons, Maryland: The gears were originally powered by steam and later converted to electricity. A . . . — Map (db m60231) HM
87Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Menace on the HorizonStar-Spangled Banner National Historical Trail — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Terror reigned along the Patuxent River in 1814. British invaders plundered and burned towns and plantations on both sides of the river. Menacing warships within view on Somervell’s Island (present-day Solomons) blockaded the river’s mouth, cutting . . . — Map (db m81097) HM
88Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Oyster Skiff25' × 8' × 2' — Flat Bottom —
This large, flat-bottom, oyster-tonging skiff was built by Ruby Dixon at Olivet, Maryland, in 1948. From 1959 until its donation in 1990, the skiff was owned by Melvin Owen Grover who used her to hand-tong for oysters in the Patuxent River. The boat . . . — Map (db m138580) HM
89Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Parish House180 Farren Avenue
Built in 1954. After acquisition by CBL in 1991, it was named after the Solomons Episcopal Rectory and Parish House formerly occupying the site part of which had been used by CBL founder Dr. R. V. Truitt as a research laboratory. . . . — Map (db m138620) HM
90Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Ped-L-Craft
In 1939, the M.M. Davis shipyard of Solomons built a fleet of a wood pedal-powered pontoon boats called the Ped-L-Craft for the Pedal Boat Company of America. The Ped-L-Craft consists of a stable platform mounted on two pontoons and propelled by one . . . — Map (db m138603) HM
91Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Perils along the PatuxentStar-Spangled Banner National Historic Trail — War of 1812 —
Southern Maryland was a dangerous place to live in the hot summer of 1814. British raiding parties traveled the Patuxent River and swept through the countryside terrorizing civilians and taking provisions for British troops gathering in the area. . . . — Map (db m81096) HM
92Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Portion of Hull, Unidentified BugeyeRound Bottom Log
The hull fragment from an unidentified bugeye was recovered from the Magothy River in Anne Arundel County, Maryland. The fragment forms part of the bottom of a seven- or nine-log bugeye of early vintage. Clearly evident is the slot in the center log . . . — Map (db m138588) HM
93Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Potomac River Dory Boat Let's See26' × 8'8" × 2'8" — V Bottom —
Potomac River dory boats were one of the few V-bottom workboats built on the Chesapeake that were planked fore-and-aft on the bottom, rather than cross-planked. This type was developed on the Potomac River in the later 1800s for oystering under . . . — Map (db m138581) HM
94Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Power Bateau19' × 6'9" × 1'4" — V Bottom —
This nineteen-foot oystering and crabbing boat was built in 1983 by Francis Goddard of Piney Point, Maryland. Although of relatively recent origin, her design is traditional and she is one of the last of her type to be built in Southern Maryland. . . . — Map (db m138602) HM
95Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Pre-Colonial Dugout (Reproduction)14'8" × 2'2" × 1'1" — Round Bottom Log —
Dugout log canoes were used (and still are used) by many primitive societies throughout much of the world. The first colonists to the Chesapeake found the local Indian using the dugouts for transportation and fishing. A suitable tree trunk was . . . — Map (db m138583) HM
96Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Sailing Bateau Witch of the Wave16' × 5'11" — V Bottom —
Ernest H. "Dick" Hartge started building boats at Galesville, on the West River in Anne Arundel County, Maryland, in the 1920s. He later acquired a fleet of hire boats built and formerly owned by Ed Leatherbury of nearby Shadyside. Hartge moved to . . . — Map (db m138600) HM
97Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Saunders House140 Charles Street — Faculty and Staff offices and meeting facilities —
Built in the early 1890s as a general store and ice cream parlor run by Thomas and Bertie Saunders. In the 1930s it became a gathering place for local watermen. Acquired by CBL in 1994. — Map (db m138617) HM
98Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Sewell Draketail Workboat36' × 7'6" × 2'8" — V Bottom —
This 36-foot powerboat is a local type usually described as a Hooper Island "draketail" or "ducktail." It was developed in the early years of the twentieth century and known for its sleek lines and round, reverse-rake stern. Built at Broomes . . . — Map (db m138597) HM
99Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Solomons House & Visitor Center200 Farren Avenue — CBL Visitor Center. —
The oldest structure in Solomons, dating from ca. 1780. Isaac Solomon, the island's namesake, lived here after he bought the island in 1865, establishing the first oyster cannery on the Patuxent River. Acquired by CBL in 1994. — Map (db m138621) HM
100Maryland (Calvert County), Solomons — Solomon's Island
Originally called Bourne's (1680), then Somervell's Island (1740). It became known as Solomon's Island (1867) because of Isaac Solomon's oyster packing facilities here. Shipyards developed to support the island's fishing fleet. The famed "bugeye" . . . — Map (db m8929) HM

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Mar. 3, 2021