“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
127 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 27 


Historical Markers and War Memorials in Albemarle County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Albemarle County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Albemarle County, VA (127) Augusta County, VA (68) Buckingham County, VA (37) Charlottesville Ind. City, VA (72) Fluvanna County, VA (28) Greene County, VA (8) Louisa County, VA (43) Nelson County, VA (44) Orange County, VA (160) Rockingham County, VA (112)  AlbemarleCounty(127) Albemarle County (127)  AugustaCounty(68) Augusta County (68)  BuckinghamCounty(37) Buckingham County (37)  (72) Charlottesville (72)  FluvannaCounty(28) Fluvanna County (28)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  LouisaCounty(43) Louisa County (43)  NelsonCounty(44) Nelson County (44)  OrangeCounty(160) Orange County (160)  RockinghamCounty(112) Rockingham County (112)
Charlottesville is the county seat for Albemarle County
Adjacent to Albemarle County, Virginia
      Augusta County (68)  
      Buckingham County (37)  
      Charlottesville (72)  
      Fluvanna County (28)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Louisa County (43)  
      Nelson County (44)  
      Orange County (160)  
      Rockingham County (112)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Albemarle County, Afton — Z-20 — Albemarle County / Nelson County
Albemarle County. Albemarle County was formed in 1744 from Goochland County and named for William Anne Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle, titular governor of Virginia from 1737 to 1754. A portion of Louisa County was later added to . . . Map (db m4030) HM
2 Virginia, Albemarle County, Afton — The History of the Rockfish Gap Country Store — Greenwood Historic District —
Built during the nineteen-thirties, Rockfish Gap Country Store was first used as a peach packing shed by Chesly A. Hayden. Not only was it the biggest warehouse distribution center in the county, but it also ranked among the top three in the . . . Map (db m234295) HM
3 Virginia, Albemarle County, Barboursville, Lake Saponi — Z-15 — Albemarle County / Greene County Reported missing
Albemarle County. Albemarle County was formed in 1744 from Goochland County and named for William Anne Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle, titular governor of Virginia from 1747 to 1754. A portion of Louisa County was later added to . . . Map (db m21585) HM
4 Virginia, Albemarle County, Barboursville, Laurel Ridge — GA-42 — Southwest Mountains Rural Historic District
Extending from the Orange County line on the north to the outskirts of Charlottesville with the Southwest Mountains forming its spine, this historic district encompasses more than 31,000 acres and contains some of the Piedmont’s most pristine and . . . Map (db m40775) HM
5 Virginia, Albemarle County, Batesville — GA-40 — Staunton and James River Turnpike
The Staunton and James River Turnpike ran through here at Batesville and stretched for 43½ miles from Staunton to Scottsville. Construction began in 1826 and was completed by 1830. The turnpike provided a direct route for Shenandoah Valley . . . Map (db m21696) HM
6 Virginia, Albemarle County, Brownsville, Forest Glen — The Rothwell Family ... / Elisha Wm. Robertson ...
The Rothwell Family of Albemarle County Virginia. Claiborne one of the first of the Rothwells to live in this county, was born about 1741 as reported in The Virginia Advocate, Saturday Oct. 11, 1828 and “died on Oct. 6 in his 87th . . . Map (db m3996) HM
7 Virginia, Albemarle County, Cash Corner — W-204 — Castle Hill
The original house was built in 1765 by Thomas Walker, explorer and pioneer. Tarleton, raiding Charlottesville to capture Jefferson and the legislature, stopped here for breakfast, June 4, 1781. This delay aided the patriots to escape. Castle Hill . . . Map (db m22439) HM
8 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — “The Albemarle 26”Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students desegregated Albemarle High, Stone-Robinson Elementary, and Greenwood School. With the . . . Map (db m170122) HM
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9 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — A Presidential Scandal:The Jefferson - Hemings Controversy
Such relationships ranged from acknowledged affairs that...were familial in every sense but a legally recognized one to brutal acts of rape and sexual assault where slave owners showed the inhumanity for which slavery was notorious. . . . Map (db m231159) HM
10 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Ash Lawn - Highland
Ash Lawn - Highland Home of James Monroe from 1799-1823 Dedicated on July 20, 1985 by Virginia Daughters of the American Revolution State Regent Mrs. G.E. Honts, Jr.Map (db m63671) HM
11 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Barrier
In 1814 a ditch 500 yards long was dug to keep grazing animals off the west lawn. The rails that were laid across the banks reminded a visitor in 1823 of "a common post and rail fence, blown down across a ditch."Map (db m100002) HM
12 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-199 — Birthplace of George Rogers Clark
George Rogers Clark was born a mile northeast of here on 19 Nov. 1752. He grew up on a farm in Caroline County. Clark explored the Ohio River Valley, fought in Dunmore's War in 1774, and helped convince the General Assembly to organize Kentucky as a . . . Map (db m165405) HM
13 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 11 — Charcoal
Wood charcoal fueled the forges in the nailery on Mulberry Row and heated the stoves in the kitchen. Charcoal was stored under lock and key in wooden sheds that once stood here. Built about 1794, these "coal sheds" likely resembled temporary . . . Map (db m100442) HM
14 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-199 — Clark’s Birthplace Reported permanently removed
A mile north was born George Rogers Clark, defender of Kentucky and conqueror of the Northwest, November 19, 1752.Map (db m17271) HM
15 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Contemplative Site
Despite the horrors of slavery, African Americans forged enduring family and community connections, and cultural and spiritual practices. The Contemplative Site is a space to reflect upon their lives and legacies. Thomas Jefferson held at . . . Map (db m231012) HM
16 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Discovering Mulberry Row
Mulberry Row’s buildings have all but disappeared—only the remains of four survive. Before re-creating lost buildings and roads, we look at information from many sources. How do we know about this important place and the history of its people, . . . Map (db m80863) HM
17 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-29 — Edgar Allan Poe
Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849)—writer, poet, and critic—was born in Boston, Mass. Orphaned at a young age, Poe was raised by John and Frances Allan of Richmond. He attended schools in England and Richmond before enrolling at the University of . . . Map (db m8765) HM
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18 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-203 — Edgehill
William Randolph patented the Edgehill plantation just to the north, in 1735. His grandson, Thomas Mann Randolph, married Thomas Jefferson's daughter Martha, acquired Edgehill in 1792, and was later governor of Virginia. The couple built a frame . . . Map (db m170657) HM
19 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Forge & Quarters
Isaac Granger Jefferson worked the forge in the original building on this site, which housed a "storehouse for iron" in 1796, a short-lived tinsmithing operation, a small nail-making shop, and also served as quarters for enslaved people. The use . . . Map (db m231059) HM
20 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Henry Martin1826 - 1915
Born in slavery at Monticello on July 4, 1826, the day of Thomas Jefferson's death, Henry Martin worked at the University in various capacities from about 1847 until his retirement in 1910. In late 1868 or early 1869, he was employed as head . . . Map (db m75526) HM
21 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Historic Michie TavernA Virginia Historic LandmarkAward Recipient for Architectural Preservation
Historic Michie Tavern, established in 1784 by Scotsman William Michie, served as a social center of its community and accommodated travelers with food, drink and lodging.
Highlights of the Tavern Tour ◇ . . . Map (db m170646) HM
22 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 04 — Horses & Mules
The Eagle. Peacemaker. Tecumseh. Bremo. Wellington. Diomede. These were the six carriage and saddle horses, plus one mule, stabled here in 1821. As many as 30 riding and carriage horses, workhorses, and mules were stabled at various locations on . . . Map (db m100157) HM
23 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Ice House — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Master carpenter James Dinsmore oversaw construction of this Ice House to Jefferson's design in 1802. Enslaved and hired workers filled it each year between November and February with ice cut from the nearby Rivanna River, shallow ponds, or snow . . . Map (db m68174) HM
24 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — G-23 — James Monroe’s First FarmSite of the University of Virginia
In 1788 James Monroe purchased an 800-acre farm here to be close to his friend Thomas Jefferson and to establish a law office. In 1799 the Monroes moved to their new Highland plantation adjacent to Monticello and sold the first farm. In 1817 the . . . Map (db m8762) HM
25 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Jefferson Vineyards
Here in 1774, Thomas Jefferson and Philip Mazzei planted Virginia's first commercial vineyard, intending to export their wine back to Europe. The Vineyard was abandon in 1776 with the advent of the Revolutionary War. Jefferson's efforts to grow . . . Map (db m188548) HM
26 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Joiner's Shop
Jefferson's elaborate design for Monticello could not have been achieved without the superior craftsmanship of hired free and enslaved woodworkers working closely together. Joiners, the most skilled, produced Monticello's classically inspired . . . Map (db m230977) HM
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27 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Kappa Sigma Fraternity
Here on December the tenth MDCCCLXIX the Kappa Sigma Fraternity was founded by William Grisby McCormick • George Miles Arnold • John Covert Boyd • Edmund Law Rogers • Frank Courtney Nicodemus. Manet Mansuraque Est.Map (db m8812) HM
28 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Making Monticello
... architecture is my delight, and putting up, and pulling down, one of my favourite amusements. Thomas Jefferson quoted by Margaret Bayard Smith, 1809 Thomas Jefferson shaped American architecture with his neoclassical designs . . . Map (db m231048) HM
29 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Meadow Run Grist Mill ca. 1797
Not far from the Tavern on its original site, the Michie family once owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century, their mill fell from decay. The Meadow Run Grist Mill from nearby Laurel Hill, Virginia was relocated to . . . Map (db m170643) HM
30 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Michie Tavern
Michie Tavern is recognized as a Virginia Landmark for its leading role in the 1920's Preservation Movement. In continuing efforts towards preservation, this historic attraction has worked towards saving significant rural Virginia structures. . . . Map (db m170644) HM
31 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Mulberry Row — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Every article is made on his farm; his negroes are cabinet makers, carpenters, masons, bricklayers, smith, etc. Duc de La Rochefoucauld Liancourt, 1796
You are standing on Mulberry Row, a road once lined with more . . . Map (db m68171) HM
32 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 02 — Mulberry RowMulberry Row's Evolution
Jefferson attempted to create an efficient plantation based on new approaches to agriculture and manufacturing. To realize his goals, dozens of enslaved and free workers lived and worked here on Mulberry Row. Jefferson added a series of dwellings . . . Map (db m100132) HM
33 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Nail-Making
Jefferson set up a nail-making operation in 1794 to provide income until he could “put my farms into a course of yielding profit.” He calculated the nailers’ daily output, the waste of nailrod, and profits. In its first years, the . . . Map (db m80862) HM
34 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — North Pavilion
Although both the North and South Pavilions were elements in Jefferson's designs of the 1770's for Monticello, it was not until 1808 that his scheme was fully realized with the completion of this structure. After Jefferson's daughter Martha and . . . Map (db m231029) HM
35 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — North Terrace Wing
What you see here is a reconstruction of the North Terrace wing. The original wing, built 1801-05, housed Jefferson's carriages and the horses and carriages of visitors; most of Jefferson's horses were stabled at the east end of Mulberry Row. Horses . . . Map (db m100469) HM
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36 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Nursery
This was the general site of the "old nursery," where Jefferson grafted and sowed the seed of special garden plants. He propagated thirteen kinds of shrubs, forty—one species of ornamental trees, twenty—six vegetable varieties, six kinds . . . Map (db m100003) HM
37 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin Reported permanently removed
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and the wood hewn to form this single-room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south of here. The structure is . . . Map (db m53613) HM
38 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Piney River Cabin ca. 1790
Virginia's virgin forest provided materials for the settlers' most basic shelter. Centuries ago, first growth trees were felled and hewn to form the single room log cabin in Piney River, Virginia, 45 minutes south from here. This 18th century . . . Map (db m170649) HM
39 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — W-163 — Revolutionary Soldiers Graves
Jesse Pitman Lewis (d. March 8, 1849), of the Virginia Militia, and Taliaferro Lewis (d. July 12, 1810), of the Continental Line, two of several brothers who fought in the War for Independence, are buried in the Lewis family cemetery 100 yards south . . . Map (db m3994) HM
40 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Sally Hemings(1773-1835)
Enslaved Woman • Seamstress • World Traveler • Sister • Negotiator • Mother • Inherited Property • Concubine • Daughter • Aunt • Mystery • Liberator Brief Biography ● Born 1773 into slavery in Virginia ● Daughter of . . . Map (db m231162) HM
41 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Sally Hemings's Life
Though enslaved, Sally Hemings helped shape her life and the lives of her children, who got an almost 50-year head start on emancipation, escaping the system that had engulfed their ancestors and millions of others. Whatever we may feel about . . . Map (db m231286) HM
42 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 05 — Slave Housing
Over 200 years ago, four log dwellings stood here. The first, constructed in the 1770s and destroyed by fire ca. 1790. was the "Negro quarter," a large 17 x 34 foot structure intended for multiple enslaved individuals or families. Three identical, . . . Map (db m100176) HM
43 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — 08 — Smokehouse/Dairy
In the long, three-celled wooden structure that stood here between ca. 1790 and 1809, Jefferson combined two of what he considered "indispensable" elements of a Virginia plantation, the "smoke house" and "dairy." His unusual design placed "two . . . Map (db m100440) HM
44 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — South Pavilion
Jefferson called this brick structure, the first building on the mountaintop, his "outchamber." Erected in 1770, it contained one room over a kitchen. Jefferson lived here alone until his marriage to Martha Wayles Skelton in January 1772. They . . . Map (db m231033) HM
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45 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Textiles — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
Panel 1 Jefferson introduced mechanized cloth production to his plantation when trade embargoes and looming war cut off the supply of imported British cloth. In 1811, he hired William McLure, a free white artisan and "a very ingenious man," . . . Map (db m68175) HM
46 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Levy Legacy — Thomas Jefferson's Monticello —
After Jefferson's death in 1826, his heirs sold his property, including his slaves, to pay his debts. Naval officer Uriah Phillips Levy, who admired Jefferson for his support of religious liberty, purchased Monticello in 1834 to preserve it. This is . . . Map (db m80808) HM
47 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Meadow Run Grist Mill Reported permanently removed
Not far from the Tavern, the Michie family owned and operated a mill and general store. At the turn of the century the mill fell from decay. In order to recreate the Michie's Tavern-plantation (which stretched for several miles) Historic Michie . . . Map (db m53611) HM
48 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Monticello Graveyard
This graveyard had its beginning in an agreement between two young men, Thomas Jefferson and Dabney Carr, who were school-mates and friends. They agreed that they would be buried under a great oak which stood here. Carr, who married Jefferson's . . . Map (db m80807) HM
49 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Open Porch
Above your head, part of the ceiling has been left exposed. Here in the crawl space, we found evidence that explained how Pleasant Sowell finished the exterior of his house. Along the wall, closest to the ceiling, three boards of the original siding . . . Map (db m170651) HM
50 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Sowell House ca. 1822
At the age of 23, Pleasant Sowell began building his house on a 100-acre tract six miles south from here. This structure became his family's home for 173 years. For six generations, the Sowells' choice of materials, craftsmanship and alterations . . . Map (db m170650) HM
51 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Sowell House Floor Plan
[The marker features floor plans of the house at different points of its history:] 1822 - This is how the house appeared when Pleasant and Sarah moved in towards the end of 1822. We do not know if at this time a staircase led to the . . . Map (db m170653) HM
52 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The University “Corner”A Student Rendezvous Since the Mid-1800s
In the early 1900s “The Corner,” so named by the University crowd, was but a sparse collection of businesses at the entrance to the University Grounds—literally just a corner. In the intervening years “The Corner” . . . Map (db m86177) HM
53 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills👮🏼‍♂️ 🐑 ⛪
Charlottesville wool also outfitted the US Postal Service and most railroad workers from coast to coast. In the early 1900s, the Mill employed some 130 people and had established a national reputation, supplying uniform cloths worn by police . . . Map (db m172977) HM
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54 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — The Woolen Mills💵 👔 🧱
With business growing, new buildings were constructed to keep up the demand as they not only produced uniform cloth, but also sold to high end tailors like Brooks Brothers. The two "saw-tooth" (so-called because of their roof structure) . . . Map (db m172980) HM
55 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — These Willow Oaks
These willow oaks were planted by Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II & Prince Philip in ceremonies honoring the royal visit to the Western Virginia Bicentennial Center July 10, 1976.Map (db m21950) HM
56 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Thomas JeffersonCitizen-Statesman-Patriot
The greatest advocate of human liberty Opposing special privileges He loved and trusted The People To commemorate his Purchase of Louisiana Erected by The Jefferson Club of St. Louis MO on their pilgrimage Oct 12, 1901 to . . . Map (db m99849) HM
57 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Thomas Jefferson Monument
Proclaim Liberty throughtout the land unto the inhabitants thereof —Leviticus XXIV. This monument to Thomas Jefferson was presented to the people to perpetuate the teachings and examples of the Founders of the . . . Map (db m8805) HM
58 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Tobacco Barn ca. 1790
This barn was once a place to hang and dry harvested tobacco plants. Tobacco was the primary cash crop in early Virginia. Many large landowners including the Michies grew tobacco as their principle money-making crop. However, in time, the . . . Map (db m170654) HM
59 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Tobacco Barn ca.1790 Reported permanently removed
This barn was once a place to hang and dry harvested tobacco plants. Tobacco was the primary cash crop in early Virginia. Many large landholders, including the Michies, grew tobacco as their principal money-making crop. However, in time, . . . Map (db m53612) HM
60 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville Reported permanently removed
On 3 Mar. 1865, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville to destroy railroad facilities as the 3rd Cavalry Division led by Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer arrived from Waynesboro. Mayor Christopher H. . . . Map (db m95140) HM
61 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Q-22 — Union Occupation of Charlottesville
On 3 Mar. 1865, after the Battle of Waynesboro, Maj. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan's Union Army of the Shenandoah entered Charlottesville. As Bvt. Maj. Gen. George A. Custer's 3d Cavalry Division arrived, Mayor Christopher L. Fowler, local officials, and . . . Map (db m170640) HM
62 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Vanguard of FreedomUnited States Army — Bicentennial 1775–1975 —
Citizens of central and western Virginia have contributed significantly to national defense and to the U.S. Army throughout its 200-year history. During the Revolutionary War, Virginians fought valiantly as members of the militia and the . . . Map (db m21890) HM
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63 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Vegetable Garden
Thomas Jefferson's garden was a massive, edible laboratory. He tested new plants to record which fruit and vegetable varieties thrived. Like his neighbors, Jefferson designed a robust vegetable garden to provide food for his household. . . . Map (db m231112) HM
64 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — William Holding Echols — 1859–1934 —
William Holding Echols (1859–1934), Professor of Mathematics, lived in this pavilion. By precept and example, he taught many generations of students with ruthless insistence that the supreme values are self respect, integrity of mind, contempt . . . Map (db m62645) HM
65 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Wood Trades
This chimney and foundation are all that remain of the “joiner’s shop”, one of the first structures on Mulberry Row. From about 1775, free and enslaved workmen produced some of the finest woodwork in Virginia. Sawyers and carpenters felled oak, . . . Map (db m80860) HM
66 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — Woodrow Wilson
In memory of Woodrow Wilson student of this university 1879-1881 President of the United States 1913-1921 Founder of the League of Nations 1919Map (db m230788) HM
67 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville — World War I Memorial
In memory of the sons of this University who gave their lives for freedom in the World War Robert Dunaway Adams • George Wayne Anderson, Jr. • Adair Pleasants Archer • Samuel Chandler Baker • Andrew Beirne Blair, Jr. • William Ewing . . . Map (db m230736) WM
68 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Advance Mills Estate — W-165 — Advance Mills
Villages such as Advance Mills were once common features of rural Virginia, serving as economic and social centers. Advance Mills grew around a single mill that John Fray constructed in 1833 on the north fork of the Rivanna River. By the twentieth . . . Map (db m55785) HM
69 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Albemarle High School — “The Albemarle 26”Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students formerly enrolled at all-black schools desegregated Albemarle High School, Stone-Robinson . . . Map (db m170167) HM
70 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Garthfield — W-166 — Convention Army The Barracks
In Jan. 1779, during the American Revolution, 4,000 British troops and German mercenaries (commonly known as “Hessians”) captured following the Battle of Saratoga in New York arrived here after marching from Massachusetts. It was called . . . Map (db m55784) HM
71 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Hunter's Hall — Thomas Jefferson
Here was born Thomas Jefferson April 13, 1743 Lover of LibertyMap (db m68666) HM
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72 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Ivy Farm — Albemarle Barracks Burial Site
"In 1779 4,000 prisoners, British and their German auxiliaries, captured at the Battle of Saratoga in 1777, marched over 600 miles to quarters, called 'The Barracks', situated a half mile north of this site. Traditionally, some of these prisoners . . . Map (db m37586) HM
73 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Lewis Mountain — G-27 — Technical Sergeant Frank D. Peregory
Born at Esmont on 10 April 1915, Frank D. Peregory enlisted in May 1931 in Charlottesville’s Co. K (Monticello Guard), 116th Inf. Regt., 29th Inf. Div. On D-Day, 6 June 1944, T. Sgt. Peregory landed in the assault on Omaha Beach, Normandy, France. . . . Map (db m18584) HM
74 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Rivanna Ridge — Old Springs
This is a spring that was used by the Carr family when they lived here in 1870. The spring provided a source of clean drinking water and was also used as a storage location to keep perishable foods coolMap (db m170175) HM
75 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Legacy of Hugh Carr / The Village of Hydraulic Mills
Legacy of Hugh Carr The Ivy Creek Natural Area was once the home of Hugh Carr, born into slavery around 1840 in Albemarle County. The end of the Civil War in 1865 was for Hugh the start of a new life founded in freedom. In 1870, Hugh . . . Map (db m170172) HM
76 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — Six Miles of Trails
A network of more than six miles of walking trails leaves large areas of natural habitat undisturbed. The 1.5 mile Central Red Trail leads back to the parking lot and barn. All other trails stem from the Red Trail. A 0.75-mile paved trail . . . Map (db m170174) HM
77 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Roslyn Ridge — The Origins of Ivy Creek Natural Area
1975: Red Flags For years, Elizabeth (Babs) Conant had canoed the relatively new South Fork Rivanna Reservoir and enjoyed its abundant wildlife. Then one autumn day in 1975, she rounded a bend and saw something ominous. Survey stakes . . . Map (db m170170) HM
78 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Venable — These Garden Walls
These garden walls, included by Thomas Jefferson in his original designs for the academical village, were built by enslaved laborers. The walls were reconstructed and enclosed gardens planted by The Garden Club of Virginia 1952 . . . Map (db m230924) HM
79 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Venable — I-3 — University of Virginia
Thomas Jefferson founded the University of Virginia. The cornerstone of its first building was laid on October 6, 1817, in the presence of three presidents of the United States—Jefferson, James Madison, and James Monroe. In 1825, the . . . Map (db m61101) HM
80 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — Site of Viewmont
Built before 1744 by Col. Joshua Fry 1699-1754 Surveyor, Mathematician, Pioneer Commander-in-Chief of Virginia Forces French and Indian War George Washington Inscribed over his Grave “Here lies the good, the just and the noble . . . Map (db m23244) HM
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81 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — GA-46 — Southern Albemarle Rural Historic District
Bounded by the James River to the south and the Rivanna River to the north, this nationally significant district encompasses 83,627 acres. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2007, it includes buildings influenced by Jefferson’s . . . Map (db m23240) HM
82 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Viewmont — Viewmont
Birthplace of Lottie Moon Baptist Missionary to China 1873-1912Map (db m23041) HM
83 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio HillArtifacts Found at Rio Hill
Civil War relic collectors found Stuart’s winter camp and skirmish site (shaded area of map) long before the Rio Hill Shopping Center opened in 1989. Metal detectors were used to search the area and artifacts—bullets, buttons, belt and . . . Map (db m7692) HM
84 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — Rio Hill 1864 SkirmishGeorge A. Custer Attacks a Confederate Winter Camp
In December 1863, Confederate troops established winter quarters here. The approximately 200 soldiers, under the command of Capt. Marcellus N. Moorman, were from Stuart’s Horse Artillery Battalion and were equipped with 16 cannons. The men built . . . Map (db m7690) HM
85 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woodbrook — W-197 — Skirmish at Rio Hill
On February 29, 1864, General George A. Custer and 1500 cavalrymen made a diversionary raid Into Albemarle County. Here, north of Charlottesville, he attacked the Confederate winter camp of four batteries of the Stuart Horse Artillery commanded by . . . Map (db m7685) HM
86 Virginia, Albemarle County, Charlottesville, Woolen Mills — The Woolen Mills🌲 🔥 🛤️
The Woolen Mills area of Charlottesville traces its roots back to the late 1700s. It was Thomas Jefferson who realized the Rivanna River's vitality was the key to economic growth in the area. Originally a grist mill was started on . . . Map (db m172975) HM
87 Virginia, Albemarle County, Cobham — W-205 — Revolutionary War Campaign of 1781Mechunk Creek
After reinforcements from Brig. Gen "Mad" Anthony Wayne arrived on 10 June 1781, the Marquis de Lafayette moved south from his camp on the Rapidan River to prevent further raids by Gen. Charles Cornwallis British troops encamped at Elk Hill. By 13 . . . Map (db m22617) HM
88 Virginia, Albemarle County, Cobham — GA-48 — St. John School — Rosenwald Funded
The St. John School, built here in 1922–1923, served African-American students during the segregation era. Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears Roebuck and Co., collaborated with Booker T. Washington in a school-building campaign begining in . . . Map (db m102560) HM
89 Virginia, Albemarle County, Covesville — GA-44 — Covesville Apple Industry
In 1866 Dr. William D. Boaz established the first commercial apple orchard in Covesville. These orchards specialized in the Albemarle Pippin, which became one of the most prized and profitable apple varieties grown in Virginia. By 1890 the success . . . Map (db m25473) HM
90 Virginia, Albemarle County, Crozet — W-170 — Crozet
The town grew around a rail stop established on Wayland’s farm in 1878. It was named for Col. B. Claudius Crozet, (1789–1864)—Napoleonic Army officer, and Virginia’s Engineer and Cartographer—he built this pioneer railway through . . . Map (db m1798) HM
91 Virginia, Albemarle County, Earlysville — GA-41 — Earlysville Union Church
Earlysville Union Church is a rare surviving early-19th-century interdenominational church constructed in Albemarle County. Built in 1833, this frame structure served as a meetinghouse for all Christian denominations on land deeded by John . . . Map (db m21650) HM
92 Virginia, Albemarle County, Earlysville — First Buck Mountain Church
This tablet placed here by the Colonial Dames of America in the State of Virginia in the year 1930, commemorates the founding of the First Buck Mountain Church established under the authority of The Church of England and builded one mile west of . . . Map (db m21690) HM
93 Virginia, Albemarle County, Earlysville, Carrsbrook — G-29 — Monacan Indian Village
Near here, on both sides of the Rivanna River, was located the Monacan Indian village of Monasukapanough. This village was one of five Monacan towns that Captain John Smith recorded by name on his 1612 Map of Virginia, though many more . . . Map (db m106829) HM
94 Virginia, Albemarle County, Earlysville, Carrsbrook — G-26 — Rio Mills
The 19th-century mill village of Rio Mills stood 600 yards west of here, where the former Harrisonburg-Charlottesville Turnpike crossed the South Fork of the Rivanna River. Following the Battle of Rio Hill on 29 February 1864, Union General George . . . Map (db m106830) HM
95 Virginia, Albemarle County, Esmont — Ballenger Church
Shortly after the formation of St. Anne's Parish in 1745, this established church stood on a knoll 100 yards north on nearby Ballenger Creek. Not used regularly after the old parish was dissolved in 1785, the building was in ruins by 1820 and was . . . Map (db m29953) HM
96 Virginia, Albemarle County, Esmont — The Glebe
In 1762 the vestry of St. Anne's Parish purchased from William Burton 400 acres here for the residence and lands of the rector of the parish, established in 1745. This glebe was so used almost until the dissolution of the old parish. It was sold in . . . Map (db m29951) HM
97 Virginia, Albemarle County, Gordonsville — Z-151 — Albemarle County / Louisa County
Albemarle County. Albemarle County was formed in 1744 from Goochland County and named for William Anne Keppel, the second Earl of Albemarle, titular governor of Virginia from 1737 to 1754. A portion of Louisa County was later added to . . . Map (db m22780) HM
98 Virginia, Albemarle County, Greenwood — “The Albemarle 26”Pioneers of Equality in Education
On 3 Sept. 1963, nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court declared racial segregation of public schools unconstitutional, 26 African-American students formerly enrolled at all-black schools desegregated Albemarle High School, . . . Map (db m234288) HM
99 Virginia, Albemarle County, Greenwood — Mirador
This was the girlhood home of Viscountess Nancy Astor, first woman member of the British Parliament. She was a daughter of Chiswell Dabney Langhorne, who bought “Mirador” in 1892. The house was built sometime after 1832 for James M. . . . Map (db m1536) HM
100 Virginia, Albemarle County, Greenwood, Mountain Hollow — W-164 — Mirador
Nearby stands Mirador the childhood home of Nancy, Viscountess Astor, the first woman member of Parliament. Born Nancy Witcher Langhorne in 1879, she lived here from 1892 to 1897. In 1906 she married Waldorf Astor and moved to England permanently. . . . Map (db m1535) HM

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Dec. 1, 2023