“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Rockingham County, Virginia

Clickable Map of Rockingham County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Rockingham County, VA (96) Albemarle County, VA (125) Augusta County, VA (67) Greene County, VA (8) Harrisonburg Ind. City, VA (31) Page County, VA (98) Shenandoah County, VA (215) Hardy County, WV (44) Pendleton County, WV (44)  RockinghamCounty(96) Rockingham County (96)  AlbemarleCounty(125) Albemarle County (125)  AugustaCounty(67) Augusta County (67)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  (31) Harrisonburg (31)  PageCounty(98) Page County (98)  ShenandoahCounty(215) Shenandoah County (215)  HardyCountyWest Virginia(44) Hardy County (44)  PendletonCounty(44) Pendleton County (44)
Harrisonburg is the county seat for Rockingham County
Adjacent to Rockingham County, Virginia
      Albemarle County (125)  
      Augusta County (67)  
      Greene County (8)  
      Harrisonburg (31)  
      Page County (98)  
      Shenandoah County (215)  
      Hardy County, West Virginia (44)  
      Pendleton County, West Virginia (44)  
Touch name on this list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
1 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — BridgewaterBridgewater During the War
The town of Bridgewater was a center of Confederate logistical activity during the Civil War. It also sent one company of infantry, the Bridgewater Grays, to the 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment, which fought in most of the major battles in Virginia . . . Map (db m16438) HM
2 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — BridgewaterHistoric North River Crossing
After his victory at the Battle of McDowell on May 8, 1862, Gen. Stonewall Jackson made plans to attack another Federal force in the Shenandoah Valley. Earlier he had ordered Col. John D. Imboden to burn the bridges at Mount Crawford and Bridgewater . . . Map (db m16439) HM
3 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — I 13-A — Bridgewater College
Founded near this site in 1880, the college is now located 4.3 miles east in the town of Bridgewater. This liberal arts college is affiliated with the Church of the Brethren. It grew out of the Spring Creek Normal School and Collegiate Institute and . . . Map (db m32107) HM
4 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — Famous Travelers Along the Turnpike
In its 82 year history, the Warm Springs Turnpike was used by many noted travelers. Daniel Boone, when an old man, used the road when he visited the sons of his boyhood friend Henry Miller at Mossy Creek Ironworks to the south of Bridgewater. He . . . Map (db m16485) HM
5 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — Z-182 — Rockingham County / Augusta County
Rockingham County. Area 876 Square Miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys . . . Map (db m88642) HM
6 Virginia, Rockingham County, Bridgewater — The Alexander Mack Memorial Library
This building was erected 1962-63 and dedicated 1964. It honors the memory of Alexander Mack Sr., follower of Christ, leader of men, and seeker after truth who was founder and first minister of the Church of the Brethren. He was born at . . . Map (db m98084) HM
7 Virginia, Rockingham County, Broadway — Elder John Kline Monument
(Front of Monument):At This Place Eld John Kline Was Killed June 15, 1864 (Reverse of Monument):Erected in the Year 1914 In Memory of Elder John Kline A Peace Martyr This parcel of ground, 10 feet square, is se- cured by deed and is . . . Map (db m15632) HM
8 Virginia, Rockingham County, Broadway — First Mennonite Meeting House in Virginia
Approximately 150 yards north of this marker is the site of the first meeting house built by the Mennonites in Virginia. The first building, a log structure of 20 x 25 feet, was erected in 1822 according to local tradition and given the name . . . Map (db m173211) HM
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9 Virginia, Rockingham County, Broadway — D-61 — Trissels Mennonite Church
Mennonites first entered the northern Shenandoah Valley about 1730 and settled in present-day Rockingham and Augusta Counties by the 1770s. They initially worshiped in private houses. The original Trissels Church (also known as Brush Church) . . . Map (db m173210) HM
10 Virginia, Rockingham County, Broadway — Veterans Memorial
This flagpole is dedicated to: Sgt. Claude Reedy of New Market, VA, who died in a POW Camp in Korea Jan. 1951 and… And to: Pvt. James "Pete" McKenzie of Quicksburg, VA killed in action . . . Map (db m158145) WM
11 Virginia, Rockingham County, Broadway — Veterans Memorial
In honor of all Veterans who served their country and dedicated to the men and women of this area who served our country in World War I — World War II — Korea — Vietnam — Desert Storm — and peace keeping missions, and . . . Map (db m158147) WM
12 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysDuel Attacks — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported missing
Early on June 8, 1862, Union commander Gen. John C. Frémont viewed the field at Cross Keys and without proper reconnaissance assumed that Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s left flank was the strong side of the Confederate line. Frémont ordered his . . . Map (db m25549) HM
13 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysSouthern Artillery — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported missing
Confederate Gen. Richard S. Ewell had five artillery batteries with him at Cross Keys. Four batteries and a 2-gun section (about 18 guns total) were massed on the ridgeline to your front. At the time of the battle on June 8, 1862, the ridge was . . . Map (db m25550) HM
14 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysThe Civilians of Cross Keys — 1862 Valley Campaign — Reported missing
During the Civil War, this battlefield contained some of the most productive farmland in the Shenandoah Valley and Virginia, as it does today. At the time of the battle, these fields were in stands of wheat, buckwheat, rye, corn, and clover. . . . Map (db m25551) HM
15 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysJune 8, 1862
General R.S. Ewell with 8,000 soldiers of General Stonewall Jackson's army repulsed a Federal attacking column of 10,500 under General John C. Frémont. After initial success the Federals were checked by the fire of Confederate artillery. Attacks by . . . Map (db m46563) HM
16 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysTrimble’s Ravine — 1862 Valley Campaign —
On June 8, 1862, Confederate Gen. Isaac R, Trimble led part of the 15th Alabama Infantry Regiment through the then-swampy ravine in front of you to attack Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division. Trimble intended to move around the 54th New York . . . Map (db m154621) HM
17 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysWalker’s Flank Attack — 1862 Valley Campaign —
After repulsing the initial Union attack, Confederate Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s brigade heavily engaged two brigades of Union Gen. Louis Blenker’s division near here on June 8, 1862. During the afternoon fighting, Col. James A. Walker’s . . . Map (db m154622) HM
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18 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysImmigrant Soldiers — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Many immigrants fought for the North and the South during the Civil War. Their numbers were especially high in Gen. Louis Blenker’s division of Gen. John C. Fremont’s Union army at Cross Keys on June 8, 1862. Two Germans (Gen. Henry Bohlen and . . . Map (db m154624) HM
19 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Battle of Cross KeysSlaughter of the 8th New York Infantry — 1862 Valley Campaign —
On June 8, 1862, during the Battle of Cross Keys, Gen. Isaac R. Trimble’s Confederate brigade of a little more than 1,500 men occupied this line, a masked position behind a split-rail fence in what was then a wood line to your right and left. . . . Map (db m159602) HM
20 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Cross Keys Battlefield
Here, June 8, 1862, Gen. J. C. Fremont—pursuing Gen. T. J. “Stonewall” Jackson—was checked by Gen. R. S. Ewell with part of Jackson’s army, which lay towards Port Republic. Federals engaged: 12,750, killed and wounded: 684. Confederates engaged: . . . Map (db m4056) HM
21 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — Mill Creek ChurchWar Strikes Peaceful Homes and Fields
This church, Mill Creek Church of the Brethren, stands on the site of an antebellum house of worship that, during the Battle of Cross Keys on June 8, 1862, was used as a hospital. Amputated arms and legs were dropped outside from a window and piled . . . Map (db m154641) HM
22 Virginia, Rockingham County, Cross Keys — The Battle of Cross Keys“It was not in men to stand such fire as that.” — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Following Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson’s victory at Winchester, Union troops pursued the Confederates south, “up” the Shenandoah Valley. While Gen. John C. Fremont advanced on the Valley Turnpike, another Union force, led by Gen. James . . . Map (db m154642) HM
23 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Daniel Bowman Mill at Silver LakeShenandoah Valley Mills
During the Civil War, the Daniel Bowman Mill occupied this site, grinding wheat brought here by Rockingham County farmers. The county was part of the prosperous agricultural region known as the “breadbasket of the Confederacy.” It was no . . . Map (db m129377) HM
24 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — DaytonDark Days in the Burnt District
In the fall of 1864, attacks by Confederate raiders and bushwhackers angered Federal officers in the Shenandoah Valley. On September 22, Union soldiers captured a hapless man named Davy Getz near Woodstock who was wearing civilian clothes and . . . Map (db m16440) HM
25 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Death of Lt. MeigsDeadly Encounter — 1864 Valley Campaigns —
Here on the old Swift Run Gap Road on the evening of October 3, 1864, Union Lt. John Rodgers Meigs was killed in a fight with three Confederate scouts guided by local resident Pvt. Benjamin F. “Frank” Shaver, 1st Virginia Cavalry. Meigs, of Gen. . . . Map (db m15121) HM
26 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Death of Lt. MeigsThe Heavy Hand of War — 1864 Valley Campaigns —
The death of Union Lt. John R. Meigs, near the granite marker on the hill in front of you, unleashed a firestorm of retaliation. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan, erroneously told that civilian “bushwhackers” had killed Meigs, reported to Gen. . . . Map (db m15123) HM
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27 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — D-7 — First Church in Rockingham County
The first church in Rockingham County was built on this site in 1747 on land owned by Captain Daniel Harrison of the colonial militia. Serving as a "Chapel of Ease" for Augusta Parish, the first building is believed to have been built of logs. The . . . Map (db m32106) HM
28 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — D-1 — Fort Harrison
Daniel Harrison settled about 1745 at the headwaters of Cook’s Creek where it is believed he built the stone portion of the present house. During the decades 1750-1770, when this area was the frontier of the colony, the house served the settlers as . . . Map (db m16441) HM
29 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes
In memory of Lt. Col. Thomas F. Wildes, 116th Ohio Regiment, who, when ordered by Gen. Sheridan to burn the town of Dayton, Va. in retaliation for the death of a Union officer, refused to obey that order, risking court-martial and disgrace. His . . . Map (db m88643) HM
30 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — D-45 — Origins of Shenandoah University
Dayton is the birthplace of Shenandoah University, which traces its origins to a school established by the Rev. Abram P. Funkhouser in 1875. Known in its early years as Shenandoah Seminary, the coeducational institution benefited from . . . Map (db m173164) HM
31 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Shenandoah College and Shenandoah Conservatory of Music1875–1960 — Dayton, Virginia —
This plaque designates the former location of Shenandoah College and Shenandoah Conservatory of Music and is dedicated in honor of the community that served the many students, faculty, and staff who passed through its halls. The new campus and . . . Map (db m15761) HM
32 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — D-62 — Silver Lake Historic District
English American settler Daniel Harrison owned hundreds of acres in this area in the mid-18th century. and Presbyterians built Cooks Creek Church near here ca. 1750. German Baptist Brethren began moving to the Shenandoah Valley from Maryland . . . Map (db m207784) HM
33 Virginia, Rockingham County, Dayton — Site Where Lt. John Rodgers Meigs Was Killed
This is the approximate site where Union Lt. John Rodgers Meigs was killed in a fight with three Confederate scouts on October 3, 1864. In retaliation, General Philip H. Sheridan ordered that buildings over a large area, including the town of . . . Map (db m15140) HM
34 Virginia, Rockingham County, Edom — Baxter House — National Register of Historic Places —
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior.Map (db m89564) HM
35 Virginia, Rockingham County, Edom — Breneman-Turner MillSurvivor of The Burning — 1864 Valley Campaign —
On October 6, 1864, Union soldiers approached this mill on their march from Harrisonburg to Broadway during “The Burning.” This was U.S. Gen. Philip H. Sheridan’s two-week campaign to end the Valley’s role as the “Breadbasket of . . . Map (db m39329) HM
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36 Virginia, Rockingham County, Edom — A-59 — Dr. Jessee Bennett1769–1842
Near Edom, Virginia, on January 14, 1794, in a heroic effort to save his wife, Elizabeth, and child, Dr. Jessee Bennett performed the first successful Caesarian section and oophorectomy to be done in America.Map (db m30364) HM
37 Virginia, Rockingham County, Edom — Edom United Methodist ChurchEdom, Virginia — Built 1870, Dedicated 1871 —
This church, built on land donated by John K. Beery was a free union church used by Methodist, Presbyterian, and Lutheran denominations and in 1914 became a Methodist church. The church building was remodeled in 1917, 1948, and 1950. . . . Map (db m158142) HM
38 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — “Sic Juvat Transcendere Montes”
In honor of Governor Alexander Spotswood and the Knights of the Horseshoe: John Fontaine • Robert Beverley • William Robertson • Dr. Robinson Todd • James Taylor • Robert Brooke • George Mason • Captain Smith • Jeremiah Clouder and other . . . Map (db m1844) HM
39 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — JD 8 — Adam Miller(1703-1783)
Green Meadows, to the west, was the home of German emigrant Adam Miller, one of the first Europeans to settle in the Shenandoah Valley. Records suggest that he arrived in this area from Pennsylvania late in the 1720s. In 1742 Gov. William Gooch . . . Map (db m230637) HM
40 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Alexander Spotswood Discovers the Valley of the Shenandoah
Twelve men I chose to see the waiting land, Where the rivers are jeweled in sunlight, And the hills are a deep blue ocean with living spars Of pine to catch the clouds and spread white sail. My band, Knights of the Golden Horse Shoe, . . . Map (db m1874) HM
41 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930's, CCC Camp NP-3, Company 310, Camp Nira was placed near the abandoned road across the Skyline Drive, 1/4 mile, to the south.Map (db m13248) HM
42 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — JD-8 — First Settler Reported permanently removed
"Green Meadows," to the west, was the home of Adam Miller (1703-1783), one of the first Europeans to settle in the valley. The property remained in the Miller (originally Mueller) family from the 1740s through 1936.Map (db m12074) HM
43 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Z-16 — Greene County / Rockingham County
GREENE COUNTY Formed from Orange County in 1838, this rural Piedmont county was named for Maj. Gen. Nathanael Greene, Revolutionary War hero. In 1722, Lt. Gov. Alexander Spotswood issued the Octonia land grant to eight Virginians; the Octonia . . . Map (db m230642) HM
44 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Jennings HouseConfederate Hospital
1862 & 1864 Valley Campaigns. This eight-room brick dwelling was built in 1840 for Dr. Simeon B. Jennings, a former resident of Port Republic. At the time of the Civil War, it was one of only half a dozen houses located in the Conrad’s Store . . . Map (db m2916) HM
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45 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — D-10 — Knights of the Golden Horseshoe
On 5 Sept. 1716, in this region, it is believed, Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood and his party of government officials, gentry, Native Americans, soldiers, and servants crossed the Blue Ridge Mountains into the Shenandoah Valley. Their . . . Map (db m1842) HM
46 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Miller-Argabright-Cover-Kite HouseStonewall Jackson’s Headquarters, April 19-30, 1862 — 1862 Valley Campaign —
Less than a month after his defeat at Kernstown, Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson retired to the Elk Run Valley to rest his troops and plan for the spring campaign. With his men camped all along Elk Run and into Swift Run Gap, Jackson . . . Map (db m2835) HM
47 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Nature Without Us, For UsShenandoah National Park
The most important function of the wilderness for modern man is the opportunity of glimpsing for a moment what harmony really means.” Sigurd Olson, Reflections from the North Country, 1976 The Wilderness Act of 1964 . . . Map (db m96878) HM
48 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — D-44 — Newtown (East Elkton) School
The Newtown School, built here in 1921-1922, served African American students during the segregation era. Julius Rosenwald, president of Sears, Roebuck and Co, collaborated with Booker T. washington in a school-building campaign beginning in . . . Map (db m108889) HM
49 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Pleasure and JoyShenandoah National Park
Now shall I walk or shall I ride? Ride, Pleasure said. Walk, Joy replied.”   W.H. Davies Shenandoah National Park and Skyline Drive are the perfect combination of pleasure and joy. Chances are you took a pleasure ride . . . Map (db m96235) HM
50 Virginia, Rockingham County, Elkton — Rekindling NatureShenandoah National Park
A wildfire swept over this mountain in 1986, burning 4,475 acres in seven days. While dramatic, it certainly wasn’t tragic. Fire is nature’s way of cleaning house. It keeps the forest healthy by burning leaf litter, dead wood, and even living . . . Map (db m96881) HM
51 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Appalachian Trail
You are standing next to the Appalachian Trail. Also called the A.T., this footpath stretches more than 2,100 miles across mountaintop and ridge from Maine to Georgia. You can see where the trail enters and exits each end of this overlook. The A.T. . . . Map (db m46003) HM
52 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Big Run Watershed
Rocky Top, the high ridge to your left, Brown Mt., straight ahead and Loft Mt., behind you, enclose an eleven square mile watershed, the largest in the Park. One inch of rainfall on this area amounts to nearly 200 million gallons. Some of this . . . Map (db m46004) HM
53 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Civil War Tourism AttractionSoldiers Visit Weyers Cave
Up the hill to your left is the entrance to Grand Caverns, known as Weyers Cave during the Civil War. Discovered in 1804, it soon became famous. During the Shenandoah Valley campaigns of 1862 and 1864, several Union and Confederate soldiers visited . . . Map (db m174136) HM
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54 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Civilian Conservation Corps
During the 1930s, this area was the site of CCC Camp NP-27, which was moved into Shenandoah National Park from Grottoes, Virginia.Map (db m46010) HM
55 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Shenandoah’s Deer
“Look! There’s a deer!” Visitors often exclaim these words in Shenandoah national park-an amazing fact since deer were not here in 1926 when Congress authorized Shenandoah. Years of hunting and other human activity had eliminated them. In 1934, . . . Map (db m222714) HM
56 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — Skyline DriveThe High Road Through Shenandoah National Park
Among the scenic roads of America’s national parks, the Skyline Drive may be the most famous. For decades the Drive has given millions of visitors easy access to the mountains and sky of Shenandoah National Park. The Skyline Drive follows the . . . Map (db m222715) HM
57 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes — What's Special about Shenandoah?Shenandoah National Park
Skyline Drive Shenandoah's portal to your national park adventure... Designed with pleasure and beauty in mind, Skyline Drive meanders 105 memorable miles through Shenandoah National Park, revealing scenic splendor at every . . . Map (db m211407) HM
58 Virginia, Rockingham County, Grottoes, Shenandoah National Park — Jackson's Valley Campaign
Brown’s Gap, ¾ of a mile north, was one of the strategic mountain passes used in the spring of 1862 by Stonewall Jackson near the beginning and end of his whirlwind offensive. His secret military strategy took full advantage of the complex . . . Map (db m230169) HM
59 Virginia, Rockingham County, Harrisonburg, Cross Keys — Kyles Mill House
Kyles Mill House has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior circa 1741 Kyles Mill House circa 1741 Harrisonburg-Rockingham Historical . . . Map (db m193816) HM
60 Virginia, Rockingham County, Hinton — Z-213 — Rockingham County / West Virginia
Rockingham County. During its October 1777 session, the Virginia General Assembly carved Rockingham County out of a large portion of Augusta County. The first court was held on 27 April 1778. Rockingham County was named for Charles Watson . . . Map (db m34459) HM
61 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lacey Spring — Lacey SpringWest Point Classmates at Odds — 1864 Valley Campaigns —
On the early morning hours of December 21, 1864, part of Union Gen. George A. Custer’s cavalry division was eating breakfast here and preparing to advance when it suddenly came under attack. Custer had bivouacked the night before not expecting any . . . Map (db m22982) HM
62 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lacey Spring — A-128 — Melrose Caverns
This cave was likely known to Native Americans before the l8th century. John Harrison Sr. acquired the property in the 1740s. The entrance was improved in 1824 to allow access to visitors. During the Civil War, Union and Confederate soldiers . . . Map (db m173184) HM
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63 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lacey Springs — A-18 — Abraham Lincoln’s Father
Four miles west, Thomas Lincoln, father of the President, was born about 1778. He was taken to Kentucky by his father about 1781. Beside the road here was Lincoln Inn, long kept by a member of the family.Map (db m656) HM
64 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lacey Springs — A-29 — Cavalry Engagement
Here, at Lacey’s Springs, Rosser’s Confederate cavalry attacked Custer's camp, December 20, 1864. Rosser and Custer (of Indian Fame) had been roommates at West Point.Map (db m649) HM
65 Virginia, Rockingham County, Linville — George Chrisman HouseCirca 1787 — 5328 Shaver Mill Road —
National Register of Historic Places Virginia Historic LandmarkMap (db m158143) HM
66 Virginia, Rockingham County, Linville — KB-65 — Lincoln's Virginia Ancestors
In 1768, John Lincoln moved here with his family from Pennsylvania. His eldest son, Abraham, grandfather of the president, might have remained a Virginian had his friend and distant relative, Daniel Boone not encouraged him to migrate to Kentucky by . . . Map (db m15634) HM
67 Virginia, Rockingham County, Linville — Mannheim4713 Wengers Mill Road
Mannheim has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1788Map (db m158144) HM
68 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lynnwood — Battle of Port RepublicJune 9, 1862
General Stonewall Jackson, with 6,000 Confederates, attacked James Shields' vanguard of 3,000 under E.B. Tyler, which had marched down Luray Valley to join General J.C. Frémont's army. Jackson's first attack by General C.S. Winder's brigade, . . . Map (db m230246) HM
69 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lynnwood — JD-10 — Battle of Port Republic
The cross road here roughgly divides the Confederate and Union lines in the battle of June 9, 1862. Jackson attacked Shields, coming southward to join Fremont, but was repulsed. Reinforced by Ewell, Jackson attacked again and drove Shields from the . . . Map (db m230190) HM
70 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lynnwood — 1 — Port RepublicLast Battle of Jackson’s 1862 Valley Campaign
Port Republic Battlefield Civil War Site—Trail Stop 1 You are standing on the “Coaling.” By the Civil War this area was nearly devoid of trees, the timber having been used for the production of charcoal. This was the key Federal . . . Map (db m230192) HM
71 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lynnwood — 4 — Port RepublicStruggle for the "Coaling"
Port Republic Battlefield Civil War Site—Trail Stop 4. Federal commander Tyler placed at least 3 artillery pieces on this high part of the “Coaling,” and lined 3 more guns down the slope to the road on your right. All morning fire from . . . Map (db m230191) HM
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72 Virginia, Rockingham County, Lynnwood — Port Republic Battlefield
Here, June 9, 1862 Gen. T. J. "Stonewall Jackson" defeated Gen. J. Shield’s vanguard advancing from Elkton under Gen. R. O. Tyler Federals engaged, 4500 killed, wounded, and missing, 551, captured, 450 Confederates engaged, 6000 . . . Map (db m14346) HM
73 Virginia, Rockingham County, McGaheysville — McGaheysville Store
A Store House stood on the lot where Verizon is now located, in the mid 1800's. G.T. Hopkins bought the property before the Civil War. A first class Country Store was operated by C.E. Hammen before he became a dentist. P.C. Hawkins built the . . . Map (db m182600) HM
74 Virginia, Rockingham County, McGaheysville — Peaked Mountain Church
A meetinghouse existed by 1761. "The Lutheran and Reformed Union Church at the Peaked Mountain" (second meetinghouse) was dedicated in 1768. The third (and last) meetinghouse was dedicated in 1804. The Reformed congregation built Brown Memorial . . . Map (db m182599) HM
75 Virginia, Rockingham County, Mount Crawford — Battle of Cross KeysJune 8, 1862 • Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign — Shenandoah Valley Battlefields Historic District —
Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign (March 23-June 9, 1862) "The musketry was heard in volleys, telling of fearful havoc, slaughter and bloodshed." - Charles H. Webb, Special Correspondent, New York Times, Battle of Cross . . . Map (db m193800) HM
76 Virginia, Rockingham County, Mount Crawford — I-13 — Bridgewater College
Located two miles southwest in the town of Bridgewater, this liberal arts college is affiliated with the Church of the Bretheren. It grew out of the Spring Creek Normal School and Collegiate Institute, founded in 1880, and became Bridgewater College . . . Map (db m647) HM
77 Virginia, Rockingham County, Mount Crawford — Contentment
Contentment has been registered as a Virginia Historic Landmark pursuant to the authority vested in the Virginia Board of Historic ResourcesMap (db m165320) HM
78 Virginia, Rockingham County, Mount Crawford — A-32 — Sheridan's Last Raid
Here was fought the engagement of Mount Crawford, March 1, 1865, in Sheridan's last raid.Map (db m13710) HM
79 Virginia, Rockingham County, New Market — Z-178 — Rockingham County / Shenandoah County
Rockingham County. Area 876 square miles. Formed in 1778 from Augusta, and named for the Marquis of Rockingham, British statesman. John Sevier, of Tennessee, was born in this county. In it took place the battles of Cross Keys . . . Map (db m653) HM
80 Virginia, Rockingham County, Penn Laird — D 6 — Battle of Cross Keys
Early in June 1862, Union forces under Maj. Gen. John C. Frémont and Brig. Gen. James Shields pursued Confederate Maj. Gen. Thomas J. “Stonewall” Jackson up the Shenandoah Valley. About three miles south of here, on Mill Creek near the village of . . . Map (db m141622) HM
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81 Virginia, Rockingham County, Penn Laird — D-6 — Battle of Cross Keys Reported missing
Three miles south, on Mill Creek, Jackson’s rearguard, under Ewell, was attacked by Fremont, June 8, 1862. Trimble, of Ewell’s command, counterattacked, driving the Unionists back. Jackson, with the rest of his army, was near Port Republic awaiting . . . Map (db m230248) HM
82 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — Madison HallHomesite scene of colonial settlement, Civil War clash
The crest of the hill was the site of Madison Hall, built in the mid-1700s for John Madison, the first Court Clerk of Augusta County, which originally included this area of Rockingham County within its frontier boundaries. In response to the . . . Map (db m14083) HM
83 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — North River BridgeCovered bridge instrumental in Valley Campaign
The road seen across the river was the original route into the village from the north and west. Early visitors crossed North River by means of a ford, later a ferry, and finally a bridge. After the Civil War, four more bridges were built on . . . Map (db m154647) HM
84 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — Palmer Lot at Middle FordFord was site of Jackson’s temporary bridge
Parallel to South River is seen the bed of the lower millrace which brought water power to several village industries. The Galliday Tannery was located on the far left; the Dundore/Downs Tannery on the adjoining property on the right. The Robert . . . Map (db m14080) HM
85 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — Port Republic Foundry
The Port Republic Foundry was one of the leading industries of the town. Prior to the flood of 1870, a Mr. Holbrook operated a foundry shop where the notched sickle for the original McCormick Reaper was made. Although the original shop washed . . . Map (db m88585) HM
86 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — The Frank Kemper HouseThriving river community was transportation hub Reported missing
When Virginia Governor Alexander Spotswood’s 1716 expedition first laid claim to the Shenandoah Valley, the area had already been used for centuries by Native Americans. The town of port Republic was laid off into lots and chartered by an 1802 act . . . Map (db m16634) HM
87 Virginia, Rockingham County, Port Republic — The Point“The Point” marks Shenandoah River’s birth
Straight ahead is "The Point“ where the North River (Ieft) and the South River (right) meet to form the South Fork of the Shenandoah River. Imagine a day in the early 1800s when the river depth was right for traffic. A flotilla of . . . Map (db m88584) HM
88 Virginia, Rockingham County, Singers Glen — Joseph Funk
March 9, 1777 • Dec. 24, 1862 “Father of song in Northern Virginia” Teacher, translator, author Publisher, printer In 1816 he published “Choral Music”; in 1832 the first edition of “Genuine Church . . . Map (db m39334) HM
89 Virginia, Rockingham County, Singers Glen — Old Salem ChurchAnti-Slavery Congregation in the Confederacy
This was the only United Brethren Church that the anti-slavery denomination opened within the Confederacy during the Civil War. It was constructed on the northeastern side of Green Hill along Joes Creek northwest of Edom in 1833 as Green Hill . . . Map (db m115464) HM
90 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — 19th c Millstone
Found along Linville Creek South of BroadwayMap (db m158148) HM
91 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — Commemorating the Second Timberville Community School
This one-room building used 1871-1877 on land donated by William Thompson. Teacher H.A. Rife.Map (db m158152) HM
92 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — Minnich's Store
In 1930, after working at the D.W. Wampler store for 24 years, B. Frank Minnich went into business and opened Minnich's Self Service Store at this location, which had served as the Dingledine Drug Store. The business was also known as "The Service . . . Map (db m158150) HM
93 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — The Timberville Covered Bridge
Constructed in 1884, the Timberville covered bridge was 312 feet in length and 18 feet wide inside. Depending on the story of the lumber for the bridge was either cut in town or just west of Timberville. The stones for the support pier came from . . . Map (db m158155) HM
94 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — Third Timberville Community School
This stone marks the site of the Third Timberville Community School 1887-1913, Timberville High School 1914-1952 and Timberville Elem. School 1952-1972. 100th Anniversary dedication August 2, 2014 "School days, school days; dear old . . . Map (db m158153) HM
95 Virginia, Rockingham County, Timberville — WW II Observation Post No. 27Broadway, VA — 1942 —
In 1942, the Broadway Town Council erected this Observation tower atop the hill overlooking Rt. 259 just off Broadway Ave. The tower stood on a platform that was about 20 feet above the ground. The site had been selected by the U.S. Army and . . . Map (db m158154) HM
96 Virginia, Rockingham County, Zenda — D-1-a — Long's Chapel and Zenda
Long's Chapel was built in 1870, a year after William and Hannah Carpenter and the Church of the United Brethren in Christ deeded land here "to colored people… for … a church, burial ground, and a school house." Henry Carter, Milton Grant, William . . . Map (db m37436) HM
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Oct. 2, 2023