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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Historical Markers

The National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom commemorates the stories of the men and women who risked everything for freedom and those who helped them. The Network to Freedom, through shared leadership with local, state, and federal entities, as well as interested individuals and organizations, programs and partnerships to commemorate and educate the public about historical significance of the Underground Railroad.
 
National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, October 29, 2019
National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1District of Columbia (Washington), Barney Circle — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
Historic Congressional Cemetery is the final resting place of four significant contributors to the Underground Railroad. William Boyd John Dean David A. Hall Hannibal Hamlin Map (db m141883) HM
2District of Columbia (Washington), Penn Quarter — e.2 — Ending Slavery in WashingtonCivil War to Civil Rights — Downtown Heritage Trail —
To your right at the end of Indiana Avenue is Washington's first City Hall/Courthouse. Across Sixth Street is the H. Carl Moultrie I Courthouse, a successor to the original courthouse. The Old City Hall/Courthouse opened in 1822, with . . . Map (db m56124) HM
3Florida (Miami-Dade County), Key Biscayne — Escaping to Freedom in the Bahamas
In the early 1820's, enslaved Africans, runaways, and "Black Seminoles" seeking freedom from slave catchers and plantation masters, secretly worked their way down to CAPE FLORIDA. They met with bold captains of sloops from the British Bahamas who . . . Map (db m79723) HM
4Indiana (Jefferson County), Madison — 39.2006.2 — John H. and Sarah Tibbets
(Side One) The Tibbets provided assistance to fugitive slaves here in their home (now part of National Park Service, Network to Freedom); John piloted them to the next safe haven. Both were members of Neil’s Creek Anti-Slavery Society . . . Map (db m74045) HM
5Kentucky (Jessamine County), Nicholasville — Fort Jackson
Defending Camp Nelson Designed to hold the middle of Camp Nelson's northern line, Fort Jackson is 280 feet deep and 300 feet wide with breastworks ten feet high. It is a lunette — a four-sided, unenclosed fort. It is one of . . . Map (db m171681) HM
6Maryland (Baltimore), Carroll Park — Mount ClareFreedom Seekers at Georgia Plantation — National Underground Railroad-Network to Freedom —
In 1760, Mount Clare was built as the summer home of Charles Carroll, Barrister. Mount Clare was the center of Georgia, Charles Carroll’s 800-acre Patapsco River Plantation. The estate supported grain fields and grist mills along the Gwynn’s Falls, . . . Map (db m61209) HM
7Maryland (Caroline County), Harmony — “Sailing Away to Freedom”Gilpin Point — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Gilpin’s Point was one of the busiest wharves along the Choptank River in Caroline County where steamboats and sailing vessels transported people, timber, agricultural products, and seafood. It sat just upriver from Dr. Anthony C. Thompson’s . . . Map (db m79311) HM
8Maryland (Caroline County), Preston — Webb CabinLiving Free — Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Byway —
Common in the mid-19th century, this cabin is a rare survivor today. James H. and Mary Ann Webb built this one-room house in the 1850s, using materials found in the surrounding landscape. Hand-hewn log walls rest on a foundation of ballast stones . . . Map (db m79305) HM
9Maryland (Dorchester County), Bucktown — Finding Freedom
The Call of Freedom In the mid-19th century, 8,000 African Americans lived in Dorchester County. Roughly half were slaves; most of the rest worked as free laborers. Enslaved blacks, free blacks, and abolitionist whites worked together to . . . Map (db m3959) HM
10Maryland (Dorchester County), Cambridge — Finding Freedom
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of "stations" and "conductors" that sheltered and shepherded hundreds of enslave African Americans to freedom in the . . . Map (db m3964) HM
11Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — Finding FreedomNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
The Call of Freedom Dorchester County occupies a central place in the story of the Underground Railroad, the secret network of “stations” and “conductors” assisting hundreds of enslaved African Americans to reach . . . Map (db m78804) HM
12Maryland (Dorchester County), Church Creek — The Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad Visitor Center
Discover the extraordinary life and legacy of Harriet Tubman in the landscape of her childhood and early adult life. Harriet Ross Tubman, an American legendary human rights advocate and suffragist, was born in enslaved in Dorchester County, . . . Map (db m114438) HM
13Maryland (Frederick County), Myersville — Explore Maryland as the Crucible of the Nation
Crisscrossed By Transportation Routes, Home To America's Earliest Industries, And Meeting Place For National Leaders, Maryland's Appalachian Region Has Been Pivotal In The Growth Of The Country Throughout its history, the nation has . . . Map (db m116529) HM
14Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Howard County Courthouse, 1843:National Park Service Underground Railroad — Network to Freedom —
The 1843 Howard County Courthouse, Located on Court Avenue in the Historic District of Ellicott City, Maryland, was the location for judicial proceedings related to legal cases involving those charged with encouraging enslaved persons to run away. . . . Map (db m111703) HM
15Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Howard County Jail, 1851:National Park Service Underground Railroad — Network to Freedom —
The Howard County Jail, located at 1 Emory Street, in the Historic District of Ellicott City, Maryland, was the location where freedom seekers and those charged with encouraging enslaved persons to run away or rise up against their masters or . . . Map (db m111721) HM
16Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Old Court House, 1840:National Park Service Underground Railroad — Network to Freedom —
The first Howard County Courthouse, located in the historic district of Ellicott City Maryland, was a pre-existing structure rented by the Howard District Commissioners from George Ellicott in 1840 to house judicial proceedings of the new Howard . . . Map (db m111783) HM
17Maryland (Montgomery County), Silver Spring — William L. Chaplin Arrested!
On August 8, 1850 a hired carriage was forcibly stopped in the middle of Brookeville Pike (Georgia Avenue) near this spot by a Sheriff's posse from Washington, D.C. and a shoot-out ensued. The carriage was driven by William Chaplin, who was unarmed, . . . Map (db m109230) HM
18Maryland (Prince George's County), Lake Arbor — Seeking Freedom
"Billy", who went by William Whitington, and "Clem", also known as Clem Hill, escaped together on June 21, 1815, as shown in the ad printed in the Washington, D.C. newspaper, Daily National Intelligencer on June 26, 1815 It appears that . . . Map (db m69277) HM
19Missouri, St. Louis — Mary Meachum Freedom CrossingMoving Along and Across a Great River
Mary Meachum believed slavery was wrong, and she did something about it! Did you know you are standing at the first site in Missouri to be added to the National Park Service's Underground Railroad Network to Freedom? At this site along the . . . Map (db m140413) HM
20New York (Chemung County), Elmira — Underground Railroad Participants
[Locator map of Woodlawn Cemetery] 20. Elizabeth Adams, (Leer Green) - Sec. P. (free ground) 4. John Arnot, Sr. - Sec. H (vault) • • • 3. Olivia Lewis Langdon - Sec. G Lot 37 12. Harwood Badger - Sec. D. Lot 73 • • • 21. Anderson Murphy - Sec. . . . Map (db m154366) HM
21New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Black Rock Harbor / From Plantation to Promised LandNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
[left panel] Black Rock Harbor. The Village of Black Rock received its name from a large rock outcropping that jutted into the river about a half mile south of this site. The original ferry crossing was located at the rock and a small village grew . . . Map (db m97956) HM
22New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Broderick Park / Distinctive River EcosystemsNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
[left panel] Broderick Park Welcome to Broderick Park, a waterfront park of the City of Buffalo! Broderick Park is significant as the site of the Black Rock Ferry, a historic crossing point between the United States and Canada for over 120 years. . . . Map (db m97957) HM
23New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Harrowing JourneyNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
Freedom Seekers faced daunting odds and demonstrated remarkable courage. Most started their journeys with little knowledge of what lay before them, and many sought help from free blacks and sympathetic whites once they reached the north. . . . Map (db m97931) HM
24New York (Erie County), Buffalo — Industrial PowerhouseNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
Black Rock developed dramatically in the 19th century due to the Erie Canal and its competing railroads. Mills, factories, and an array of manufacturing plants were constructed along the waterfront with immigrant neighborhoods and commerical areas . . . Map (db m98194) HM
25New York (Erie County), Buffalo — International CrossingNational Underground Railroad Network to Freedom
The Black Rock Ferry was an important crossing to Canada throughout the 19th century until it ceased operations in 1949. The ferry wharf was located on a long, narrow stone pier constructed to protect Black Rock Harbor from the Niagara River. . . . Map (db m98196) HM
26North Carolina (Dare County), Manteo — First Light of FreedomThe Freedmen’s Colony of Roanoke Island — National Underground Railroad - Network To Freedom —
[obverse:]First Light of Freedom Former slaves give thanks by the creek’s edge at the sight of the island - “If you can cross the creek to Roanoke Island, you will find ‘safe haven’.” [rendering of Edwin Forbes' "The . . . Map (db m46990) HM
27North Carolina (Halifax County), Halifax — Escape!The Roanoke River, Halifax, and the Underground Railroad.
Follow this ¼ mile trail to the Roanoke River and meet the men, women, and children who risked their lives to flee slavery. “…the thought of being again made a slave, and of suffering the horrible punishment of a runaway, restrained me. I . . . Map (db m60699) HM
28Ohio (Brown County), Ripley — John P. Parker Memorial Park
John P. Parker (1827–1900). Born into slavery. Bought his freedom at the age of 18. Underground Railroad Conductor. He helped hundreds of freedom seekers. Mentor to Colonel Charles Young. There is quiet symbolism built into this 1 . . . Map (db m135477) HM
29Ohio (Clermont County), New Richmond — Underground Railroad SiteClermont Freedom Trail — New Richmond Waterfront —
In 1862 slave catchers paraded a captured Leroy Lee in manacles down Front Street toward the river. A crowd of New Richmond citizens confronted the armed captors demanding the release of Lee. Seeing they were greatly outnumbered, the slave . . . Map (db m99706) HM
30Ohio (Clermont County), Williamsburg — 30 — Charles B. Huber FarmClermont County, Ohio Freedom Trail — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom —
{Titles are marker text}Map (db m108587) HM
31Ohio (Clermont County), Williamsburg — 27 — Charles B. Huber Home SiteClermont County, Ohio Freedom Trail — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom —
{Titles are marker text}Map (db m108591) HM
32Ohio (Clermont County), Williamsburg — 28 — Dr. L.T. Pease Home SiteClermont County, Ohio Freedom Trail — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom —
{Titles are marker text}Map (db m108590) HM
33Ohio (Clermont County), Williamsburg — 26 — Marcus Sims - Huber Tannery LocationClermont County, Ohio Freedom Trail — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom —
{Titles are marker text}Map (db m108589) HM
34Ohio (Clermont County), Williamsburg — 29 — Williamsburg Township CemeteryClermont County, Ohio Freedom Trail — National Underground Railroad Network to Freedom —
{Titles are marker text}Map (db m108588) HM
35Ohio (Fairfield County), Rushville — Formerly Enslaved People
In this cemetery are the remains of at least 7 enslaved people who died on their quest for freedom. While traveling on the Underground Railroad, they would have been assisted in Rushville by Dr. Simon Hyde and Rev. William . . . Map (db m137582) HM
36Pennsylvania (Lancaster County), Lancaster — African-American Women Escape County Jail, 1835Lancaster County Sheriff, 'Dare Devil Dave' Miller secretly liberated women jailed by bounty hunters
Fulton Theatre, directly opposite of this block, is among the nation's oldest continually operating performance halls. When this site was the location of the Lancaster County Jail, a dramatic episode in the Underground Railroad history occurred. The . . . Map (db m136439) HM
37South Carolina (Beaufort County), Hilton Head Island — The Story of Fort Howell
In the spring and summer of 1864, Union officers of the Department of the South on Hilton Head Island became concerned about retaining sufficient troops and equipment to defend Hilton Head, as units were being transferred to participate in campaigns . . . Map (db m131823) HM WM
38Virginia, Chesapeake — Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge — Dismal Swamp Canal Trail —
Across the canal lies the US Fish & Wildlife Service's Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge. The Great Dismal Swamp was once a vast ecosystem that covered as much as one million acres of southeastern Virginia and northeastern . . . Map (db m114525) HM
39Virginia, Norfolk — The Underground Railroad
After northern states began abolishing slavery during the Revolutionary era, fugitives from throughout southeastern Virginia and northeastern North Carolina started to escape by ship from the Norfolk waterfront. With luck and determination, many . . . Map (db m5602) HM
40Virginia, Petersburg — QA 34 — People's Memorial Cemetery
Twenty eight members of Petersburg's large community of free African Americans purchased a one-acre tract to serve as a burial ground in 1840. Subsequent acquisitions of adjacent land created a cemetery complex later known as People's Memorial. . . . Map (db m149854) HM
41Virginia (Stafford County), Stafford — Aquia Landing
Aquia Landing was a significant gateway for enslaved people seeking freedom, including William and Ellen Craft, Henry “Box” Brown, and John Washington. Aquia Landing was the RF&P Railroad terminus from 1842-1872, and the only direct . . . Map (db m75940) HM
42Wisconsin (Racine County), Racine — Racine's Underground Railroad Maritime Link
In the mid-1800s, fugitive slaves traveled to Racine, hid in local sanctuaries, and embarked on the maritime connection of the Underground Railroad. Ships of abolition-friendly Great Lakes captains took them to Canadian ports and their freedom. The . . . Map (db m134929) HM
 
May. 13, 2021