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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Idaho
By Barry Swackhamer, May 18, 2018
"Our Road Was Very Steep..." Marker
|"... we found a gap in the bluffs of Boise valley, where we turned down and succeeded in reaching the valley in safety, although our road was very steep and stony, and long..." -- P.V. Crawford, 1851
P.V. Crawford may have written . . . — — Map (db m125856) HM|
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor of Mount Rushmore
Born: St. Charles, Idaho 1867
Died: Chicago, Illinois 1941
Copy executed by Irene Deely of Boise, Idaho 2009
"I have tried to give to posterity, in a true, unstudied picture, a glimpse of . . . — — Map (db m32232) HM|
| President Abraham Lincoln created Idaho Territory, appointed its first officers and judges and addressed Congress about Idaho in 1863 and 1864. He considered Idaho issues in the White House on the afternoon that he was shot and invited the former . . . — — Map (db m126722) HM|
|U.S. commercial airline service began with a Varney Airlines flight from Pasco to Boise which landed here on April 6, 1926. Army planes had delivered airmail before that time.
After Varney Airlines was merged with newer companies to become United . . . — — Map (db m22734) HM|
|The play was intense and furious: men smacking a leather-covered ball with their hands, or whipping their paddles, or palas, through the air. The sport, pelota, was brought to Idaho by early Basque immigrants. Juan and Juana Anduiza . . . — — Map (db m119131) HM|
This unique building was built for Juan Cruz Anduiza in 1912 as a boarding house for Basque sheepherders who wintered in Boise. The rooms were across the front and down the side of the building and the kitchen, dining room, etc. wee in the . . . — — Map (db m119133) HM|
Higher than any other dam from 1915 until 1934, Arrowrock Dam still is an essential part of Boise Valley's irrigation system.
Located six miles upstream from here, Arrowrock is 350 feet high and 1,150 feet wide. Built at a cost of $4,725,000 . . . — — Map (db m22597) HM|
|The clinking of glasses, the clang of silverware, good conversation and enjoyable times have long been a part of this corner. Food and drink are especially important to the Basques, drawing people together in this highly social culture. Constructed . . . — — Map (db m119127) HM|
|Idaho has a large Basque community that preserves it's ancient European traditions in a new land of opportunity. Coming here originally to herd sheep on mountain and desert ranges, they shifted into other occupations as quickly as possible, making . . . — — Map (db m31680) HM|
|Far from their homeland, the temperate, verdant. Euskadi, away from their lively communal life of feast days and dancing, of pelota games and good wind, Basques in Idaho found themselves in an arid land where few spoke the native tongue. Many . . . — — Map (db m119130) HM|
|In 1863 and 1864, overland packers hauling supplies from Salt Lake City to Idaho City crossed here and took a direct route northward to More's Creek.
They cut a steep grade from the Oregon Trail down to Beaver Dick's Ferry, which served a . . . — — Map (db m22641) HM|
|In 1903, Boise High School opened to students in an elaborate, red brick Victorian building. As the city grew, more space was needed and a new building was designed by the firm of Tourtellotte and Hummel. In order to minimize disruption to students, . . . — — Map (db m111328) HM|
|Expanding from a two-year community college (1932-1965) to a campus with a graduate program, Boise State was designated as a university in 1974.
Originating as an Episcopalian academy founded in 1892, this institution was located a mile north of . . . — — Map (db m22735) HM|
|From this old Indian trail later known as the Old Oregon Trail Captain B,L,E, Bonnevilles partner on first sighting the river May 1833 exclaimed - Les Bois Les Bois Voyes Les Bois meaning The Woods The Woods See The Woods
Capt Bonneville . . . — — Map (db m71837) HM|
|From the high ridge above the Boise River 5 miles southwest of here, westward-bound travelers got their first view of the Boise Valley. In 1811, Wilson Price Hunt and the Overland Astorians' party were the first white sojourners to enjoy the scene. . . . — — Map (db m119002) HM|
According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez . . . — — Map (db m71835) HM|
The Cyrus Jacobs home, built in 1864, is the oldest surviving brick dwelling in Boise. Jacobs, a prominent merchant and mayor of Boise, lived here for almost 40 years. Beginning in 1910, it became the residence of Basque families - first, the . . . — — Map (db m119186) HM|
|Julia Davis Park was donated to the City of Bosie by the area's first homesteader, Thomas Jefferson Davis. He arrived in Boise in the spring of 1863, and his claim was the first to be filed in Idaho Territory. The claim was for 320 acres, most of . . . — — Map (db m125827) HM|
|Diversion Dam was completed in 1909 to lift water into an already constructed New York canal system, greatly expanding its irrigated farmlands.
After a quarter century of failure to dig a large canal above Diversion Dam, United States Reclamation . . . — — Map (db m22586) HM|
In the late 1800s, Idaho Territory needed to attract homesteaders to farm the Boise Valley. At the time, the area was dry sagebrush desert. A young engineer, Arthur Foote, designed a great canal system that was to allow the Boise River to . . . — — Map (db m119027) HM|
| In 1906, at the age of seventy-five, Ezra Meeker began a journey east from his home in Puyallup, Washington, to retrace the route of the Oregon Trail over which he originally traveled in 1852 with his wife and young son. He traveled the route with . . . — — Map (db m118993) HM|
Concern for the safety of westward-bound emigrants became more immediate when news of the Utter party's disastrous confrontation with hostile Indians on September 9 and 10, 1860, reached western settlements. Colonel George Wright, commander of . . . — — Map (db m119004) HM|
|When in 1899 organized lawlessness challenged the power of Idaho, he upheld the dignity of the state, enforced its authority and restored
law and order within its boundaries, for which he was assassinated in 1905.
“Rugged in body, . . . — — Map (db m128543) HM|
|Imagine leafy Lombary poplars, dazzling rose bushes, lush gardens, circular walks, stately homes, and huge churning waterwheels along a wide avenue, and you'll get a picture of early days on Grove Street. The profusion of leaves and petals was . . . — — Map (db m119189) HM|
|The thread of several cultures, wrapped around a mystery, winds its way through this site. Originally, a log cabin stood here, occupied in the early 1860s by a Boise sheriff. Later, a house was built on the site and deeded by the mayor to Dr. . . . — — Map (db m119126) HM|
|New addition built 1893
William J. McConnell, Gov.
Jas. F. Curtis, Sec. of State
Geo.M. Parsons, Atty. Gen.
Jas. King, Archt. — — Map (db m63000) HM|
|Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall.
In 1843 wagons . . . — — Map (db m118992) HM|
|This reproduction of the Liberty Bell was presented to the people of Idaho by direction of The Honorable John W. Snyder Secretary of the Treasury
As the inspirational symbol of the United States Savings Bonds Independence . . . — — Map (db m128542) HM|
|In 1850, at age seventeen, Jesus Urquides joined the California gold rush to Stockton and the Sierra Nevadas.
In 1860, striking out on his own, he followed the rush to Walla Walla, Lewiston, and The Dalles.
Boise Basins 1863 gold rush lured . . . — — Map (db m110696) HM|
|Legendary mule packer Jesus Urquides was a Boise pioneer and founder of a freighting business located on this site.
Born January 18, 1833 in Sonora, Mexico, Urquides migrated to the California gold fields in 1850 where he worked as a mule packer . . . — — Map (db m110694) HM|
|After the transcontinental railroad was completed on May 10, 1869, new stage and freight routes were established to connect southwester Idaho with newly established railheads.
Kelton, Utah, soon became the main shipping point for Boise, when John . . . — — Map (db m118996) HM|
|Soon after the discovery of Gold in Northern Idaho (1862) the City of Boise was founded (1863). Its first people were the U.S. Cavalry, Merchants, Mining and Stockmen. Although a few Mormons from Utah had previously lived in this valley, it was not . . . — — Map (db m125829) HM|
For centuries, Basques have used the "laiak" to prepare the earth for planting. This photo, from the early 1900s, shows Basque women poised for work.
From its stone base to its seven flying ribbons, the sculpture embraces . . . — — Map (db m119128) HM|
|Maria Dolores (Lola) Urquides was born to Jesus and Adelaida Urquides on October 8, 1882.
She married Daniel H. Binnard in 1902, but he died suddenly in 1915 and Lola moved back to 115 Main Street to care for her aging father until his death in . . . — — Map (db m110689) HM|
| Near this spot the McClelland (sic) Ferry Crossed the river in 1864. — — Map (db m119202) HM|
|More's Creek is named for J. Marion More, leader of the party of miners who founded Idaho City, October 7, 1862.
Like most of Idaho's early miners, he came originally from the South. Unlike most of them, he struck it rich. During the Idaho gold . . . — — Map (db m22595) HM|
|Along this historic trail, from 1841 to 1861, traveled the greatest land migration in history. Nearly half a million pioneers came to settle America's Northwest. One out of every eight would perish along the way. — — Map (db m125859) HM|
|Between 1843 and 1869 over 300,000 emigrants fulfilled Americas's Manifest Destiny by voluntarily relocating to Oregon and California. Their nearly 2,000 mile journey along game trails long used by the early Native Americans would become known as . . . — — Map (db m119239) HM|
|Indians, trappers, and emigrants who came this way before 1900 used a more direct route to get between Boise and Glenns Ferry. Their road still can be seen at Bonneville Point 5 miles from here. Following close to a line of hills bordering a . . . — — Map (db m22181) HM|
|Placed here by Ezra Meeker on May 9, 1906
Pioneer Preservationist Visionary
Ezra Meeker was largely responsible for locating and preserving the Old Oregon Trail. To commemorate the centennial of this monument, a time capsule of . . . — — Map (db m128544) HM|
|As manager of the Piotrkow Trybunalski Glass Factory, he saved over 700 Jews during the Holocaust while risking his own life. (Poland 1944)
Memoir of Alina Braun Rindler, A Survivor
Donated by the Jewish American Society for Historic . . . — — Map (db m134549) HM|
|Sacajawea and Pomp
Sacajawea was a Lemhi Shoshoni Indian born near Salmon, Idaho around 1790. She was the only Idaho native, and the only female, to be a member of the famed Lewis and Clark "Corps of Discovery" expedition that opened up the . . . — — Map (db m73205) HM|
| Wednesday September 15th "Today we traveled up a long hill some 4 miles. Road good, ascent very gradual. When we arrived at the top we got a grand view of the Boise River Valley. It is all filled or covered with dry grass and a few trees . . . — — Map (db m125787) HM|
|A place to call out the name of an old friend, play the card game “mus,” sit down to a meal, or dance to the music of the accordion and the txistu, the melodic Basque flute. All communities need somewhere to meet, and this is one . . . — — Map (db m119187) HM|
|Since opening in 1937, this building has been the center of Boise's art community.
In 1933, with financing from the federal Public Works Administration (PWA), the City of Boise broke ground for construction of the new Boise Gallery of Art. . . . — — Map (db m119194) HM|
|“One of the fine new buildings in Boise,” heralded the Idaho Statesman newspaper in 1935, when the Belaustegui Hotel & Basque Boarding House was constructed by Augustin and Petra Belaustegui. A few years later, part of the hotel . . . — — Map (db m119188) HM|
|The Canyon House was located across the Boise River from where you are standing. The house was designed and built by Arthur De Wint Foote in 1885, using funds from literary works by his wife, Mary Hallock Foote. As Chief Engineer for the Idaho . . . — — Map (db m119029) HM|
|Hunts party laid the groundwork for future trapping expeditions across the Snake River Plain. Donald Mackenzie, who accompanies Hunt and later joined the British North West Company, returned to establish trade relations with resident Indian bands. . . . — — Map (db m71834) HM|
|Beaver pelts lured the first Euro-Americans deep into the American West. In 1810, only four years after Lewis and Clark completed their epic journey, John Jacob Astor established the Pacific Fur Company. He soon financed sea and land expeditions to . . . — — Map (db m71832) HM|
|This log cabin is built of native Idaho woods, and each room inside is paneled is a different species.
Originally known as Chateau de Bois. this cabin was erected in 1940 to house the state forester. Built by the Civilian . . . — — Map (db m119193) HM|
The O'Farrell Cabin
Boise's first home
and place of worship
Built by John O'Farrell
1863 — — Map (db m135266) HM|
|The Oregon Trail is still clearly visible coming off the rimrock across the river. Here the west bound emigrants after 1840 came gratefully down into this green valley.
The first cart passed here with Spalding and Whitman, pioneer missionaries, . . . — — Map (db m22639) HM|
|The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives . . . — — Map (db m71830) HM|
|Few things in Boise compare with the quiet charm of Julia Davis Park. Edging the north bank of the Boise River downstream from Broadway Ave. to just beyond Capitol Blvd., this emerald jewel is the setting for the city's major cultural institutions: . . . — — Map (db m125828) HM|
|Created in May 1935 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the WPA was the largest of his New Deal relief programs...
The WPA created jobs and provided income to many Idahoans during the Great Depression. The program funded thousands of . . . — — Map (db m119200) HM|
On this very site stood the home of Boise pioneers Tom and Julia Davis.
In 1889, the Davis family built this fashionable Victorian home on a section of their homestead extending from Front Street to the Boise River. This handsome . . . — — Map (db m119190) HM|
In 1879, with the death of his friend Antonio de Ocampo, the packer Urquides inherited Ocampos city lot at 115 Main Street.
Here along a canal he built a home for his wife, Adelaida, their sons, Arthur and Manuel and daughter, Maria . . . — — Map (db m110693) HM|
|The Warm Springs Avenue neighborhood began to emerge in the 1890s, soon after Kelly Hot Springs, for which the street was named, was tapped to provide water for Boises fire hydrants.
The prominent owners of the water line built their mansions on . . . — — Map (db m109839) HM|
|"When we first came in sight of Boise City and valley we were upon a hill seven miles distant." -- Julius Caesar Merrill, 1864
Creaking, groaning wheels, the dust so thick that the hunch-back oxen ahead looked more like tawny . . . — — Map (db m125861) HM|
|(Three Panels are found at this overlook:)
"The River Boise..."
"Descending some steep hills we came down on the river 'Boisee,' which deserved its appellation from the dense fringes of cottonwood and willow trees that . . . — — Map (db m125862) HM|
| In Memory of
Wilson Price Hunt
First Whites to visit
1811 — — Map (db m119203) HM|
|All Idaho land surveys refer to a
beginning point --"Initial Point"--
16 miles directly south of here.
When he began surveying Idaho in 1867, Lafayette Cartee, first surveyor general of Idaho Territory, established the initial point on a . . . — — Map (db m53439) HM|
|An ambitious railroad project to a high Seven Devils copper mine (elevation 6800 ft.) created a lot of excitement here in 1898-1899.
This would have been Idaho's highest mountain railroad if funding had been available to complete it. Construction . . . — — Map (db m23226) HM|
|John Welch -- always known as Packer John -- hauled supplies from Lewiston to Idaho City during a major Boise Basin gold rush of 1863-1864.
He built a cabin (1/4 mile north of here) that immediately became an historic Idaho landmark. Territorial . . . — — Map (db m37957) HM|
|For more than half a century, after 1910, an apple orchard of nearly 1400 acres, thought to be the largest in the United States under one management, covered this area.
Investors, mostly from the eastern U.S., bought 10-acre shares to finance the . . . — — Map (db m23222) HM|
In 1946 Jack Morgan and his brother Ed purchased the logging division at New Meadows, Idaho, from Boise Payette Lumber Company.
The new company was called
J. I. Morgan, Inc.
In the years that followed, the company was . . . — — Map (db m110379) HM|
|One fourth mile north. Built 1862
First Democratic Territorial Convention held in Cabin Fall of 1863 — — Map (db m119372) HM|
|An act of Congress, approved April 1878, gave the Utah & Northern Railroad Co. permission to build a narrow gauge line through Marsh Valley. It reached Oneida by July of 1878, where the first station was built. The town attained a population of . . . — — Map (db m140074) HM|
|Charles Jefferson Hunt served in the Mormon Battalion as Captain of Company “A” and as assistant executive officer. In its historic march from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California, 1846 - 47. His service won the commendation of . . . — — Map (db m48986) HM|
|This cabin, one of the first built on the Nine Mile Creek in Marsh Valley, was erected by William Jackson and Cyrus Coffin before 1866. Later it was purchased by Abigail Coffin who with her sons, Nathan, Cyrus, and William were among the first . . . — — Map (db m140126) HM|
| You are standing in the outlet of ancient Lake Bonneville, a vast prehistoric inland sea, of which Salt Lake is modern remnant
Covering over 20,000 square miles when it overflowed here about 14,500 years ago, its winding shoreline would have . . . — — Map (db m105831) HM|
|In 1874 the Wells-Fargo stage line assigned Wm.A. Tillotson to operate a station in Marsh Valley. where the trail crossed Sage Creek (now Yago Creek). This route skirted the eastern side of the valley and extended from Franklin, Idaho to mining . . . — — Map (db m140075) HM|
|Fort Hall Indian Reservation was established by government order July 14, 1867. Following treaties made with the Shoshone Indians in July, 1902 a portion of the reservation was open for white settlement. Homesteaders moved into the beautiful Inkom . . . — — Map (db m140282) HM|
|Through this canyon once puffed the wood-burning locomotives of the narrow-gauge Utah and Northern Railway.
Construction, undertaken by a Mormon Co-op, came northward from a junction with the transcontinental line, but stopped in 1874 at . . . — — Map (db m108284) HM|
|(This marker consists of series of photographs and their captions.)
The community of Lava Hot Springs is located at a strategic crossroads between the Rockies, the Great Basin, and the West. The year-round availability of natural hot . . . — — Map (db m108259) HM|
|Long before white men discovered these springs, Sept. 9, 1812, Indians gathered here to use the free hot water.
Except wheen they found hot springs, pre-historic Indians had a hard time getting hot water. The wove watertight baskets into . . . — — Map (db m124585) HM|
|Centuries ago the Bannock-Shoshone Indian tribes set aside these natural hot mineral springs as neutral ground for all tribes. Trapper Joseph Miller and party camped here in 1812. By 1863, it was a favorite stop for Oregon Trail travelers. Most . . . — — Map (db m140285) HM|
|(This marker is composed of series of photographs and their captions.)
Good for what ails you!
Idaho's hot springs have drawn people to them for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Long before indoor plumbing and hot water . . . — — Map (db m108255) HM|
| In 1921, William Godfrey and CJ Lundgren registered the Lead Bell Mining Company, Portneuf District with 1,000,000 shares at par value 10 cents. Operated 1925-1938. Sd (sic) Colton, Pres. Drecilla Godfrey, Sec. Wm Godfrey, Mgr. Mined Lead, Zinc, . . . — — Map (db m108257) HM|
| McCammon's mogul
(two photos at bottom left)
In 1865 William H. Murphy operated a toll bridge on the Portneuf River mainly used by miners traveling from Utah to the Montana goldfields. Murphy and his wife Catherine Scott Murphy . . . — — Map (db m108261) HM|
|The development of McCammon was closely associated with the transportation industry. William Murphy, in early 1863, built the first toll bridge, and McCammon became the nucleus of the Overland Stage Lines. H.O. Harkness acquired the toll bridge . . . — — Map (db m108262) HM|
|In an era of emigrants, Mormon settlers and the military, Pocatello emerged as a strong leader of the the Hukenduka Shoshone.
Born after 1810, Pocatello claimed this area and surrounding territories as his homeland. He soon watched his . . . — — Map (db m108286) HM|
|The Chief Theater opened on January 5, 1938. Admission to the first show, "Bad Man of Brimstone", was 49 cents. The downtown landmark provided entertainment until it was closed in 1982. The Chief Foundation began work on refurbishing the buildings . . . — — Map (db m108307) HM|
|A registered national historical landmark Indian and trapper trading post established by Nathaniel J. Wyeth in 1834 and sold to Hudson's Bay Company in 1837 It was the vital point on the Oregon and California immigration trails and in establishing . . . — — Map (db m108304) HM|
| This great institution began here on Sept. 22, 1902, with 4 teachers and 40 students.
Originally the Academy of Idaho, it became Idaho Technical Institute in 1915, the Southern Branch of the University of Idaho in 1927, and Idaho State . . . — — Map (db m108306) HM|
| Shoshone Foods
The Shoshone were experts in securing a living from the land around them. They made intense use of the animals and plants available to them, and nothing was wasted.
Traditional foods including . . . — — Map (db m108327) HM|
|Fort Hall, Keystone on the Oregon Trail, America's road to destiny, was located 14 miles north of this site. It was dedicated by Nathaniel J. Wyeth, Bostonian, on Aug. 5th 1834. Unable to compete with Hudson's Bay Co., Fort Boise; Wyeth sold the . . . — — Map (db m108305) HM|
| Chief Pocatello - Born in a Time of Change
It is hard to imagine the change Pocatello saw during his lifetime, and the challenges to his people's way of life to which he was forced to respond.
Pocatello was . . . — — Map (db m108331) HM|
| Chief Pocatello's memory was honored by giving his name to two fighting vessels in World War II.
Launched October 17, 1943. It was sponsored by Miss Thelma Dixey, Chief Pocatello's . . . — — Map (db m108326) HM|
| Pocatello's origin lies in the railroads an the role they played in westward expansion.
In the late-1800's, what would become Pocatello was a rest stop on the Utah and Northern Railroad, which went from Utah to Butte, Montana. In 1882, . . . — — Map (db m108325) HM|
|Chief Pocatello's People -- The Shoshone
The band led by Chief Pocatello were members of the Shoshone tribe. Shoshone territory included most of Idaho, northern Utah, northern Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Central Nevada and in California, in . . . — — Map (db m108328) HM|
|This monument marks the route of the first Idaho railroad. The Utah & Northern narrow gauge was started as a Mormon co-op at Ogden, Utah in 1871. It reached Franklin, Idaho in 1874. Union Pacific interests extended the line to Garrison, Montana . . . — — Map (db m125573) HM|
|In Spring 1864 Miranda Campbell and sons, Warren and David; John B. Dunn and family arrived here. Others followed, dug irrigation canals, surveyed townsites into 1 acre lots. By Fall, 40 one-room log homes, also 16 x 20 ft. log schoolhouse with huge . . . — — Map (db m140163) HM|
|Most early Bear Lake settlers came from Britain. One was the first woman convert to the LDS church in Europe.
Born in Preston, England, Aug. 24, 1806. Ann Elizabeth Walmsley Palmer was baptized July 30, 1837. An invalid, she was carried into the . . . — — Map (db m99318) HM|
|Discovered in 1812 by trappers returning home from Astoria, Oregon, this valley and its large lake soon became an important fur trade center.
Donald Mackenzie, Jim Bridger and a host of famous beaver hunters operated here. Two major summer . . . — — Map (db m105867) HM|
|The Bear Lake resort town of Fish Haven was founded in 1864. Most of the original settlers moved away, leaving Thomas and William Shirley, Henry Howell, John Stock and their families the first permanent settlers. Joseph C. Rich and John Bagley threw . . . — — Map (db m140164) HM|
In 1870, Brigham Young appointed Ezra T. Clark, David Hess, and Nicholas Barkdull to colonize this area.
Originally known a Twin Creeks, Joseph C. Rich surveyed the site in 1871. In 1872, the new settlement was named Georgetown in honor . . . — — Map (db m140244) HM|
|In the spring of 1871, Joseph C. Rich surveyed the Twin Creeks area, later called Georgetown. In 1874, logs were hauled from the mountains for this cabin built originally on the corner of the block across the street and one block east and used for . . . — — Map (db m140243) HM|
| "Here we found pure water, sufficient for all of us and our cattle. Here we found oceans of grass and thousands of acres of rich, level land covered with wild flax." P.V. Crawford, July 8, 1851
Lush meadows and abundant water . . . — — Map (db m140217) HM|
|In 1863 Charles C. Rich with others explored this valley. A group of settlers in eleven wagons traveled through Emigration Canyon in September and founded Paris. Log huts with dirt floors and roofs sheltered 48 men, 40 women, and 30 children during . . . — — Map (db m140162) HM|
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