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Historical Markers in Idaho

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"Our Road Was Very Steep..." Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, May 18, 2018
"Our Road Was Very Steep..." Marker
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — "Our Road Was Very Steep..."
"... we found a gap in the bluffs of Boise valley, where we turned down and succeeded in reaching the valley in safety, although our road was very steep and stony, and long..." -- P.V. Crawford, 1851 P.V. Crawford may have written . . . — Map (db m125856) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Abraham Lincoln
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor of Mount Rushmore Born: St. Charles, Idaho 1867 Died: Chicago, Illinois 1941 Copy executed by Irene Deely of Boise, Idaho 2009 "I have tried to give to posterity, in a true, unstudied picture, a glimpse of possibly . . . — Map (db m32232) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 72 — Airmail Service
U.S. commercial airline service began with a Varney Airlines flight from Pasco to Boise which landed here on April 6, 1926. Army planes had delivered airmail before that time. After Varney Airlines was merged with newer companies to become United . . . — Map (db m22734) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Anduiza Hotel and Fronton — 619 Grove Street
The play was intense and furious: men smacking a leather-covered ball with their hands, or whipping their paddles, or palas, through the air. The sport, pelota, was brought to Idaho by early Basque immigrants. Juan and Juana Anduiza . . . — Map (db m119131) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Anduiza Hotel and Fronton
This unique building was built for Juan Cruz Anduiza in 1912 as a boarding house for Basque sheepherders who wintered in Boise. The rooms were across the front and down the side of the building and the kitchen, dining room, etc. wee in the basement. . . . — Map (db m119133) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 376 — Arrowrock Dam
Higher than any other dam from 1915 until 1934, Arrowrock Dam still is an essential part of Boise Valley's irrigation system. Located six miles upstream from here, Arrowrock is 350 feet high and 1,150 feet wide. Built at a cost of $4,725,000 to . . . — Map (db m22597) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bar Gernika — Basque Pub & Eatery — 202 S. Capitol Blvd.
The clinking of glasses, the clang of silverware, good conversation and enjoyable times have long been a part of this corner. Food and drink are especially important to the Basques, drawing people together in this highly social culture. Constructed . . . — Map (db m119127) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 379 — Basque Country
Idaho has a large Basque community that preserves it's ancient European traditions in a new land of opportunity. Coming here originally to herd sheep on mountain and desert ranges, they shifted into other occupations as quickly as possible, making . . . — Map (db m31680) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Basque Museum and Cultural Center — 611 Grove Street
Far from their homeland, the temperate, verdant. Euskadi, away from their lively communal life of feast days and dancing, of pelota games and good wind, Basques in Idaho found themselves in an arid land where few spoke the native tongue. Many . . . — Map (db m119130) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 359 — Beaver Dick's Ferry
In 1863 and 1864, overland packers hauling supplies from Salt Lake City to Idaho City crossed here and took a direct route northward to More's Creek. They cut a steep grade from the Oregon Trail down to Beaver Dick's Ferry, which served a . . . — Map (db m22641) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Boise High School — 1010 W. Washington Street
In 1903, Boise High School opened to students in an elaborate, red brick Victorian building. As the city grew, more space was needed and a new building was designed by the firm of Tourtellotte and Hummel. In order to minimize disruption to students, . . . — Map (db m111328) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 402 — Boise State University
Expanding from a two-year community college (1932-1965) to a campus with a graduate program, Boise State was designated as a university in 1974. Originating as an Episcopalian academy founded in 1892, this institution was located a mile north of . . . — Map (db m22735) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bonneville Point
From this old Indian trail later known as the Old Oregon Trail Captain B,L,E, Bonnevilles partner on first sighting the river May 1833 exclaimed - Les Bois Les Bois Voyes Les Bois meaning The Woods The Woods See The Woods Capt Bonneville . . . — Map (db m71837) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bonneville Point — The Oregon Trail
From the high ridge above the Boise River 5 miles southwest of here, westward-bound travelers got their first view of the Boise Valley. In 1811, Wilson Price Hunt and the Overland Astorians' party were the first white sojourners to enjoy the scene. . . . — Map (db m119002) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Captain Bonneville
Bonneville Point According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez . . . — Map (db m71835) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Cyrus Jacobs/Uberuaga House — 607 Grove Street
The Cyrus Jacobs home, built in 1864, is the oldest surviving brick dwelling in Boise. Jacobs, a prominent merchant and mayor of Boise, lived here for almost 40 years. Beginning in 1910, it became the residence of Basque families - first, the . . . — Map (db m119186) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Davis Orchard
Julia Davis Park was donated to the City of Bosie by the area's first homesteader, Thomas Jefferson Davis. He arrived in Boise in the spring of 1863, and his claim was the first to be filed in Idaho Territory. The claim was for 320 acres, most of . . . — Map (db m125827) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 343 — Diversion Dam
Diversion Dam was completed in 1909 to lift water into an already constructed New York canal system, greatly expanding its irrigated farmlands. After a quarter century of failure to dig a large canal above Diversion Dam, United States Reclamation . . . — Map (db m22586) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Diversion Dam
In the late 1800s, Idaho Territory needed to attract homesteaders to farm the Boise Valley. At the time, the area was dry sagebrush desert. A young engineer, Arthur Foote, designed a great canal system that was to allow the Boise River to irrigate . . . — Map (db m119027) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Ezra Meeker — The Oregon Trail
In 1906, at the age of seventy-five, Ezra Meeker began a journey east from his home in Puyallup, Washington, to retrace the route of the Oregon Trail over which he originally traveled in 1852 with his wife and young son. He traveled the route with a . . . — Map (db m118993) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Fort Boise — The Oregon Trail
Concern for the safety of westward-bound emigrants became more immediate when news of the Utter party's disastrous confrontation with hostile Indians on September 9 and 10, 1860, reached western settlements. Colonel George Wright, commander of the . . . — Map (db m119004) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Grove Street Warehouse — 608/610/612 Grove Street
Imagine leafy Lombary poplars, dazzling rose bushes, lush gardens, circular walks, stately homes, and huge churning waterwheels along a wide avenue, and you'll get a picture of early days on Grove Street. The profusion of leaves and petals was . . . — Map (db m119189) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Heath Building — 176 S. Capitol Blvd.
The thread of several cultures, wrapped around a mystery, winds its way through this site. Originally, a log cabin stood here, occupied in the early 1860s by a Boise sheriff. Later, a house was built on the site and deeded by the mayor to Dr. . . . — Map (db m119126) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Idaho State Penitentiary — Founded 1868
New addition built 1893 Prison Commissioners William J. McConnell, Gov. Jas. F. Curtis, Sec. of State Geo.M. Parsons, Atty. Gen. Jas. King, Arch’t. — Map (db m63000) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Idaho's Emigrant Trails — The Oregon Trail
Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall. In 1843 wagons . . . — Map (db m118992) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Jesus Urquides Packs a Mule, 1925
In 1850, at age seventeen, Jesus Urquides joined the California gold rush to Stockton and the Sierra Nevadas. In 1860, striking out on his own, he followed the rush to Walla Walla, Lewiston, and The Dalles. Boise Basin’s 1863 gold rush lured . . . — Map (db m110696) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Jesus Urquides, Circa 1870
Legendary mule packer Jesus Urquides was a Boise pioneer and founder of a freighting business located on this site. Born January 18, 1833 in Sonora, Mexico, Urquides migrated to the California gold fields in 1850 where he worked as a mule packer . . . — Map (db m110694) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Kelton Road — The Oregon Trail
After the transcontinental railroad was completed on May 10, 1869, new stage and freight routes were established to connect southwester Idaho with newly established railheads. Kelton, Utah, soon became the main shipping point for Boise, when John . . . — Map (db m118996) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 156 — L.D.S. Pioneers of Boise
Soon after the discovery of Gold in Northern Idaho (1862) the City of Boise was founded (1863). Its first people were the U.S. Cavalry, Merchants, Mining and Stockmen. Although a few Mormons from Utah had previously lived in this valley, it was not . . . — Map (db m125829) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Laiak — (LIE-yak) A traditional Basque tool used for turning the soil
(English:) For centuries, Basques have used the "laiak" to prepare the earth for planting. This photo, from the early 1900s, shows Basque women poised for work. From its stone base to its seven flying ribbons, the sculpture embraces . . . — Map (db m119128) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Maria Dolores (Lola) Binnard, circa 1910
Maria Dolores (Lola) Urquides was born to Jesus and Adelaida Urquides on October 8, 1882. She married Daniel H. Binnard in 1902, but he died suddenly in 1915 and Lola moved back to 115 Main Street to care for her aging father until his death in . . . — Map (db m110689) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — McClelland (sic) Ferry
Near this spot the McClelland (sic) Ferry Crossed the river in 1864. — Map (db m119202) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 318 — More's Creek
More's Creek is named for J. Marion More, leader of the party of miners who founded Idaho City, October 7, 1862. Like most of Idaho's early miners, he came originally from the South. Unlike most of them, he struck it rich. During the Idaho gold . . . — Map (db m22595) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Old Oregon Trail
Along this historic trail, from 1841 to 1861, traveled the greatest land migration in history. Nearly half a million pioneers came to settle America's Northwest. One out of every eight would perish along the way. — Map (db m125859) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Old Oregon Trail - West Boise
Between 1843 and 1869 over 300,000 emigrants fulfilled Americas's Manifest Destiny by voluntarily relocating to Oregon and California. Their nearly 2,000 mile journey along game trails long used by the early Native Americans would become known as . . . — Map (db m119239) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 375 — Oregon Trail
Indians, trappers, and emigrants who came this way before 1900 used a more direct route to get between Boise and Glenns Ferry. Their road still can be seen at Bonneville Point 5 miles from here. Following close to a line of hills bordering a . . . — Map (db m22181) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Sacajawea and Pomp
Sacajawea and Pomp Sacajawea was a Lemhi Shoshoni Indian born near Salmon, Idaho around 1790. She was the only Idaho native, and the only female, to be a member of the famed Lewis and Clark "Corps of Discovery" expedition that opened up the . . . — Map (db m73205) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 10 — Site 10 ★ Blacks Creek Road Crossing
Wednesday September 15th "Today we traveled up a long hill some 4 miles. Road good, ascent very gradual. When we arrived at the top we got a grand view of the Boise River Valley. It is all filled or covered with dry grass and a few trees . . . — Map (db m125787) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Basque Center — 601 Grove Street
A place to call out the name of an old friend, play the card game “mus,” sit down to a meal, or dance to the music of the accordion and the txistu, the melodic Basque flute. All communities need somewhere to meet, and this is one . . . — Map (db m119187) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 1 — The Boise Gallery of Art - 1937 — Boise Art Museum — Did You Know?
Since opening in 1937, this building has been the center of Boise's art community. In 1933, with financing from the federal Public Works Administration (PWA), the City of Boise broke ground for construction of the new Boise Gallery of Art. . . . — Map (db m119194) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Chico Club
“One of the fine new buildings in Boise,” heralded the Idaho Statesman newspaper in 1935, when the Belaustegui Hotel & Basque Boarding House was constructed by Augustin and Petra Belaustegui. A few years later, part of the hotel . . . — Map (db m119188) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Foote Legacy in Idaho
The Canyon House was located across the Boise River from where you are standing. The house was designed and built by Arthur De Wint Foote in 1885, using funds from literary works by his wife, Mary Hallock Foote. As Chief Engineer for the Idaho . . . — Map (db m119029) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration
Hunt’s party laid the groundwork for future trapping expeditions across the Snake River Plain. Donald Mackenzie, who accompanies Hunt and later joined the British North West Company, returned to establish trade relations with resident Indian bands. . . . — Map (db m71834) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Hunt Expedition
Beaver pelts lured the first Euro-Americans deep into the American West. In 1810, only four years after Lewis and Clark completed their epic journey, John Jacob Astor established the Pacific Fur Company. He soon financed sea and land expeditions to . . . — Map (db m71832) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 3 — The Log Cabin — 1940 — Did You Know?
This log cabin is built of native Idaho woods, and each room inside is paneled is a different species. Originally known as Chateau de Bois. this cabin was erected in 1940 to house the state forester. Built by the Civilian . . . — Map (db m119193) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 151 — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail is still clearly visible coming off the rimrock across the river. Here the west bound emigrants after 1840 came gratefully down into this green valley. The first cart passed here with Spalding and Whitman, pioneer missionaries, . . . — Map (db m22639) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Shoshone and Northern Paiute — Echoes of an Ancient Homeland
The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives . . . — Map (db m71830) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Story of Julia & Tom Davis
Few things in Boise compare with the quiet charm of Julia Davis Park. Edging the north bank of the Boise River downstream from Broadway Ave. to just beyond Capitol Blvd., this emerald jewel is the setting for the city's major cultural institutions: . . . — Map (db m125828) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 2 — The WPA (Works Project Administration) — 1935-1943 — Did You Know?
Created in May 1935 by President Franklin D. Roosevelt, the WPA was the largest of his New Deal relief programs... The WPA created jobs and provided income to many Idahoans during the Great Depression. The program funded thousands of . . . — Map (db m119200) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 16 — Tom and Julia Davis Homesite — Did You Know?
On this very site stood the home of Boise pioneers Tom and Julia Davis. In 1889, the Davis family built this fashionable Victorian home on a section of their homestead extending from Front Street to the Boise River. This handsome . . . — Map (db m119190) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Urquides Village, Southern Edge, circa 1958
In 1879, with the death of his friend Antonio de Ocampo, the packer Urquides inherited Ocampo’s city lot at 115 Main Street. Here along a canal he built a home for his wife, Adelaida, their sons, Arthur and Manuel and daughter, Maria . . . — Map (db m110693) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Warm Springs Avenue
The Warm Springs Avenue neighborhood began to emerge in the 1890’s, soon after Kelly Hot Springs, for which the street was named, was tapped to provide water for Boise’s fire hydrants. The prominent owners of the water line built their mansions on . . . — Map (db m109839) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Wheels of Change
"When we first came in sight of Boise City and valley we were upon a hill seven miles distant." -- Julius Caesar Merrill, 1864 Creaking, groaning wheels, the dust so thick that the hunch-back oxen ahead looked more like tawny . . . — Map (db m125861) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Whitman Overlook
(Three Panels are found at this overlook:) "The River Boise..." "Descending some steep hills we came down on the river 'Boisee,' which deserved its appellation from the dense fringes of cottonwood and willow trees that . . . — Map (db m125862) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Wilson Price Hunt Expedition
In Memory of Wilson Price Hunt Expedition First Whites to visit Boise Valley 1811 — Map (db m119203) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Meridian — 193 — Initial Point
All Idaho land surveys refer to a beginning point --"Initial Point"-- 16 miles directly south of here. When he began surveying Idaho in 1867, Lafayette Cartee, first surveyor general of Idaho Territory, established the initial point on a . . . — Map (db m53439) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Council — 420 — Old Railroads
An ambitious railroad project to a high Seven Devils copper mine (elevation 6800 ft.) created a lot of excitement here in 1898-1899. This would have been Idaho's highest mountain railroad if funding had been available to complete it. Construction . . . — Map (db m23226) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Meadows — 183 — Packer John's Cabin
John Welch -- always known as Packer John -- hauled supplies from Lewiston to Idaho City during a major Boise Basin gold rush of 1863-1864. He built a cabin (1/4 mile north of here) that immediately became an historic Idaho landmark. Territorial . . . — Map (db m37957) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Mesa — 374 — Mesa Orchards
For more than half a century, after 1910, an apple orchard of nearly 1400 acres, thought to be the largest in the United States under one management, covered this area. Investors, mostly from the eastern U.S., bought 10-acre shares to finance the . . . — Map (db m23222) HM
Idaho (Adams County), New Meadows — J. I. Morgan, Inc.
In 1946 Jack Morgan and his brother Ed purchased the logging division at New Meadows, Idaho, from Boise Payette Lumber Company. The new company was called J. I. Morgan, Inc. In the years that followed, the company was . . . — Map (db m110379) HM
Idaho (Adams County), New Meadows — Packer John's Cabin
One fourth mile north. Built 1862 First Democratic Territorial Convention held in Cabin Fall of 1863 — Map (db m119372) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Downey — 119 — Captain Jefferson Hunt, Soldier, Pioneer, Churchman — Born January 20, 1804 in Kentucky - Died May 11, 1879 in Idaho
Charles Jefferson Hunt served in the Mormon Battalion as Captain of Company “A” and as assistant executive officer. In it’s historic march from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California, 1846 - 47. His service won the commendation of . . . — Map (db m48986) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Downey — 171 — Red Rock Pass
You are standing in the outlet of ancient Lake Bonneville, a vast prehistoric inland sea, of which Salt Lake is modern remnant Covering over 20,000 square miles when it overflowed here about 14,500 years ago, its winding shoreline would have . . . — Map (db m105831) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Inkom — 17 — Idaho's 1st Railroad
Through this canyon once puffed the wood-burning locomotives of the narrow-gauge Utah and Northern Railway. Construction, undertaken by a Mormon Co-op, came northward from a junction with the transcontinental line, but stopped in 1874 at . . . — Map (db m108284) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Furs and farms, fire and floods... — ... the rise of Lava Hot Springs
(This marker consists of series of photographs and their captions.) The community of Lava Hot Springs is located at a strategic crossroads between the Rockies, the Great Basin, and the West. The year-round availability of natural hot . . . — Map (db m108259) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — 13 — Lava Hot Springs
Long before white men discovered these springs, Sept. 9, 1812, Indians gathered here to use the free hot water. Except wheen they found hot springs, pre-historic Indians had a hard time getting hot water. The wove watertight baskets into . . . — Map (db m124585) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Lava Hot Springs' healing waters
(This marker is composed of series of photographs and their captions.) Good for what ails you! Idaho's hot springs have drawn people to them for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Long before indoor plumbing and hot water . . . — Map (db m108255) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Lead Bell Mining Company
In 1921, William Godfrey and CJ Lundgren registered the Lead Bell Mining Company, Portneuf District with 1,000,000 shares at par value 10 cents. Operated 1925-1938. Sd (sic) Colton, Pres. Drecilla Godfrey, Sec. Wm Godfrey, Mgr. Mined Lead, Zinc, . . . — Map (db m108257) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), McCammon — Location, location, location....
McCammon's mogul (two photos at bottom left) In 1865 William H. Murphy operated a toll bridge on the Portneuf River mainly used by miners traveling from Utah to the Montana goldfields. Murphy and his wife Catherine Scott Murphy . . . — Map (db m108261) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), McCammon — 560 — McCammon Railroad Center
The development of McCammon was closely associated with the transportation industry. William Murphy, in early 1863, built the first toll bridge, and McCammon became the nucleus of the Overland Stage Lines. H.O. Harkness acquired the toll bridge . . . — Map (db m108262) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — 503 — Chief Pocatello
In an era of emigrants, Mormon settlers and the military, Pocatello emerged as a strong leader of the the Hukenduka Shoshone. Born after 1810, Pocatello claimed this area and surrounding territories as his homeland. He soon watched his . . . — Map (db m108286) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Chief Theater — 1938 - 1993
The Chief Theater opened on January 5, 1938. Admission to the first show, "Bad Man of Brimstone", was 49 cents. The downtown landmark provided entertainment until it was closed in 1982. The Chief Foundation began work on refurbishing the buildings . . . — Map (db m108307) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Fort Hall
A registered national historical landmark Indian and trapper trading post established by Nathaniel J. Wyeth in 1834 and sold to Hudson's Bay Company in 1837 It was the vital point on the Oregon and California immigration trails and in establishing . . . — Map (db m108304) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — 289 — Idaho State University
This great institution began here on Sept. 22, 1902, with 4 teachers and 40 students. Originally the Academy of Idaho, it became Idaho Technical Institute in 1915, the Southern Branch of the University of Idaho in 1927, and Idaho State . . . — Map (db m108306) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Native Foods — Chief Pocatello Monument
Shoshone Foods The Shoshone were experts in securing a living from the land around them. They made intense use of the animals and plants available to them, and nothing was wasted. Big Game Traditional foods including . . . — Map (db m108327) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Old Fort Hall
Fort Hall, Keystone on the Oregon Trail, America's road to destiny, was located 14 miles north of this site. It was dedicated by Nathaniel J. Wyeth, Bostonian, on Aug. 5th 1834. Unable to compete with Hudson's Bay Co., Fort Boise; Wyeth sold the . . . — Map (db m108305) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Pocatello's Life — Chief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello - Born in a Time of Change It is hard to imagine the change Pocatello saw during his lifetime, and the challenges to his people's way of life to which he was forced to respond. Early Life Pocatello was . . . — Map (db m108331) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Pocatello's Name in WWII — Chief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello's memory was honored by giving his name to two fighting vessels in World War II. USS Pocatello Tacoma-Class Frigate Launched October 17, 1943. It was sponsored by Miss Thelma Dixey, Chief Pocatello's . . . — Map (db m108326) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — The City of Pocatello — Chief Pocatello Monument
Pocatello's origin lies in the railroads an the role they played in westward expansion. In the late-1800's, what would become Pocatello was a rest stop on the Utah and Northern Railroad, which went from Utah to Butte, Montana. In 1882, . . . — Map (db m108325) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — The Shoshone — Chief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello's People -- The Shoshone The band led by Chief Pocatello were members of the Shoshone tribe. Shoshone territory included most of Idaho, northern Utah, northern Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Central Nevada and in California, in . . . — Map (db m108328) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — 291 — Utah & Northern Railroad
This monument marks the route of the first Idaho railroad. The Utah & Northern narrow gauge was started as a Mormon co-op at Ogden, Utah in 1871. It reached Franklin, Idaho in 1874. Union Pacific interests extended the line to Garrison, Montana . . . — Map (db m125573) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Bloomington — 319 — British Settlers — Bear Lake — LDS Church
Most early Bear Lake settlers came from Britain. One was the first woman convert to the LDS church in Europe.

Born in Preston, England, Aug. 24, 1806. Ann Elizabeth Walmsley Palmer was baptized July 30, 1837. An invalid, she was carried into the . . . — Map (db m99318) HM

Idaho (Bear Lake County), Fish Haven — 384 — Bear Lake
Discovered in 1812 by trappers returning home from Astoria, Oregon, this valley and its large lake soon became an important fur trade center. Donald Mackenzie, Jim Bridger and a host of famous beaver hunters operated here. Two major summer . . . — Map (db m105867) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 9 — A Look at Memory Lane
The pictures below reflect first views of the downtown entering Montpelier from the west in different times in history. Brennan-Davis Building The building was built for Edward Burgoyne by Jacob Tueller and Sons prior to 1899. The . . . — Map (db m90920) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 8 — A Strong Building, Stock Chevys and Railroad — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Strong Building and Stock Chevrolet This red brick building, note the brickwork circles, was built for Lish Strong by the Tueller brothers of Paris, Idaho. It became known as the Strong Building. Part of the upper level was also used for . . . — Map (db m90911) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 446 — Bank Robbers
On Aug. 13, 1896, Butch Cassidy and his infamous Wild Bunch of gunmen invaded Montpelier's bank and scooped up more than $16,500 in gold, silver and currency. Leaving a surprised cashier and his terrified customers, they calmly rode away. A . . . — Map (db m90806) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Beaver Divide — The Summit
To load their wagons with salt from the salt springs on Crow Creek, Mormon settlers of Bear Lake Valley followed the Native American Indian trail over this pass about 1865. In 1868, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Apostle Charles C . . . — Map (db m105896) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 335 — Big Hill
On their way west to Oregon and California, emigrant wagons often crossed high ridges in order to avoid gullies and canyons. When he came here in 1843, Theodore Talbot noted that he "had to cross a very high hill, which is said to be the . . . — Map (db m90807) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill
"... the greatest impediment on the whole route from the United States to Fort Hall." - Theodore Talbot, 1843 Near the Wyoming/Idaho border the pioneers face Big Hill, on of the most challenging obstacles of their journey. The dusty . . . — Map (db m90854) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill...
"the steepest and longest ascent we have made on the route..." - James Wilkins Looking east across the fields is Big Hill, one of the most difficult obstacles along the 2,000-mile Oregon/California Trail. The trail crosses the Thomas . . . — Map (db m90851) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 5 — Butch Cassidy Robs the Montpelier Bank — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
On the hot afternoon of August 23, 1896, Butch Cassidy with two members of his Wild Bunch Gang, Elza Lay and Bob Meeks, robbed The Bank of Montpelier which was originally located in the building across the street from this sign. The Bank of . . . — Map (db m90877) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Camp Giveout — (Crow Creek Road)
Within five years after Apostle Charles C Rich was called to establish a settlement in Bear Lake Valley, 1868, he looked at western Wyoming as a possible expansion of the Mormon community. By 1879 the Bear Lake Stake of the Church of Jesus Christ of . . . — Map (db m105895) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 7 — Cleaners, Hospital, Plumbers and a Big Bear — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Schmid Building Carl (Charles) Schmid, a tailor from Freienstein, Switzerland opened a tailor shop in Montpelier in 1892. He named his business Chas Schmid, The Tailor. He made men's suits and coats and did repairs, alterations and dry . . . — Map (db m90910) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 1 — Downtown Montpelier Historic Walking Tour
Welcome to the Historic Downtown Montpelier Business District on Washington Street! Take a few minutes to enjoy a walking tour filled with interesting information about this area and its place in history. Also, spend a few minutes visiting . . . — Map (db m90878) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Halfway House — (Crow Creek Road)
The Crow Creek Road was the link between the Mormon settlements of Bear Lake and Star Valley for 50 years. The 100-mile round trip between Afton, WY and the railhead at Montpelier ID would take a team of horses from 3 to 7 days depending on the . . . — Map (db m105897) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Hot, Cold, Dry, Wet, Dusty, 2,000-Mile Trail
Beginning in Independence, Missouri, the Oregon/California Trail passes through present-day Missouri, Kansas, Wyoming, and Idaho. it ends in Oregon, California or Utah - depending on the destination of the pioneers. While the . . . — Map (db m90876) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Idaho's Emigrant Trails
Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall. In 1843 wagons first . . . — Map (db m90852) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 456 — McAuley's Road
Coming west with Ezra Meeker in 1852, Thomas McAuley decided to build a road to let emigrants bypass Big Hill. Worst of all Oregon Trail descents, Big Hill needed replacement. Eliza McAuley reported that her brother Tom "fished awhile, . . . — Map (db m90808) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 6 — Model T's, Odd Fellows and the News — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early sheriff and mayor Fred Cruikshank owned the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909. Bear Lake Motors Early sheriff and mayor Fred Locke Cruikshank was the owner of the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909 and closed it down in . . . — Map (db m90908) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — News Examiner
This building presently occupied by the News Examiner was built early in the 1900's by the Whitman family. It was used as a dry goods store until it was sold to the Robinsons in 1942 for use as a newspaper building. Among the features of the . . . — Map (db m90922) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Nield Ranch — (Crow Creek Road)
“I have always felt I was at a disadvantage in making a living for my self and family if I did not have a wagon and team.” – John Nield Diary John and Sarah Broadbent Nield moved their family to Star Valley in 1888 over the . . . — Map (db m105901) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — One Continual Stream
"One continual stream of honest looking open harted people going west" - James Cayman, mountain man, captured this sentiment in his diary as he watched pioneers heading west in 1846. Between 1841 and 1869 nearly 300,000 farmers, . . . — Map (db m90853) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 66 — Pioneer Church — (was located 1/2 block east and 1/2 block north)
In the spring of 1864, fifteen families of pioneers came from Paris, Idaho and settled Clover Creek, the name used until President Brigham Young changed it to Montpelier. After building crude homes the settlers erected a large building of logs, . . . — Map (db m105874) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 4 — Rich Building and Theatre — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early Montpelier was well known for its pine trees placed down the center of Washington Street. As U.S. Highway 89 became more popular to the traveling public, the trees were finally cut down amid much discussion throughout the town. Rich . . . — Map (db m90907) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 3 — Ritter Bros. Drug and the Roxy Theatre — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
The streetscape of Montpelier has changed through the years. The early years of this Oregon Trail town began with only horse power including wagons and horseback. Streets were packed dirt with hitching posts. With the advent of the horseless . . . — Map (db m90880) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Second Bank of Montpelier
Grove C. Gray built a brick building in 1907 to house the second bank of Montpelier. On June 25, 1910, two men attempted to rob this bank by dynamiting the vault. While attempting to dynamite the vault, they jostled a loaded pistol that was on top . . . — Map (db m90909) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 159 — Smith's Trading Post
In 1848, Pegleg Smith established a trading post on the Oregon Trail at Big Timber somewhere near here on the river. Some travelers called it "Fort Smith", though it had only four log cabins and some Indian lodges. Packing a plow and tools . . . — Map (db m90805) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Snowslide Canyon and Hanke’s Ranch — (Crow Creek Road)
By 1881, just five years following the opening of the Crow Creek Freight Road, freighters had started calling this canyon by that name. Snowslides were frequent on snowy, windy days as drifts would build up on the shale ridge. Unable to hold the . . . — Map (db m105894) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 2 — The Bank and The Burgoyne — Montpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Bank of Montpelier's Impact on Local Banking History Residents of Bear Lake county have discussed the Butch Cassidy bank robbery for years with varied endings. Not unlike fishermen's boastings, tales of the exact amount of Butch's loot will . . . — Map (db m90879) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — The McAuley Cutoff
On April 7, 1852, seventeen-year-old Eliza Ann McAuley, with her older brother Thomas and sister Margaret, left Mount Pleasant, Iowa, to travel overland to California. For a time they were accompanied by the "Eddyville Company," led by William Buck . . . — Map (db m90850) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 157 — Thomas Fork
A bad ford gave trouble to wagon trains crossing this stream on the trail to California and Oregon in 1849. In that year, gold-seeking 49'ers developed a shortcut that crossed here. Then emigrants built two bridges here in 1850. But an . . . — Map (db m90804) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — White Dugway — (Crow Creek Road)
Clinging to the white shale formation a mile east (on the Crow Creek Rd.) is the White Dugway. There was moisture in the shale and when frost had it in its grip the road was very slippery. Freighters learned to be cautious as a wagon or sleigh could . . . — Map (db m105899) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 73 — Charles Coulson Rich
In honor of Charles Coulson Rich 1809-1893 Pioneer builder of the west. Major-General of the Nauvoo Legion Alderman of the City of Nauvoo, in the time of Joseph Smith. Pioneer of Utah, 1847. Chairman of the first committee . . . — Map (db m105849) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 289 — Our First Church
Paris, Idaho was settled in the fall of 1863. Two years later a building used for church, school and recreation was erected by James Nye and others, of logs hauled from George Sirrine's sawmill It was 20' X 60' with two large rooms and a stage at . . . — Map (db m105873) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 275 — Paris
This pioneer Idaho town was founded Sept. 26, 1863 when a wagon train brought more than 30 families of Mormon colonizers. More pioneers soon followed, some living in huts of quaking aspen and others building log cabins for the mild first . . . — Map (db m105836) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 386 — Paris Tabernacle
Designed by one of Brigham Young's sons, this imposing Romanesque tabernacle was built between 1884 an 1889 by skilled local craftsmen. Swiss stone masons cut and carved red sandstone that horse and ox teams hauled from a canyon 18 miles . . . — Map (db m105848) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 441 — Thomas Sleight Cabin
The Thomas Sleight Cabin was built in the fall of 1863 by Thomas Sleight and Charles Atkins, who with their wives, Marianne and Ann, occupied it together during the first winter of the settlement of Paris, Idaho. It was first finished with a dirt . . . — Map (db m105866) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), St. Charles — Gutzon Borglum Monument
Erected in Honor of Gutzon Borglum Born in the village of St. Charles Idaho, March 25, 1867 He is internationally known for his painting and sculptoring and most famous for Mount Rushmore National Monument Gutzon . . . — Map (db m105878) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), St. Charles — 211 — St. Charles
In May, 1864 Brigham Young called Swan Arnell, Sr., Charles G. Keetch, Sr., Robert Pope, and Johh Windley with their families to settle here. Soon others followed. Charles Windley was the first child born in the village. The town site was surveyed . . . — Map (db m105869) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), DeSmet — 248 — DeSmet Mission
When their annual Montana plains buffalo hunt proved futile in 1876, North Idaho's Coeur d' Alene Indians needed to move from Cataldo to a better farming area.  So in 1877 their Jesuit mission was relocated here.  After their community grew . . . — Map (db m122035) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), DeSmet — Giver of Parks — Virgil McCroskey
... was a man who had many gifts to share. Perhaps the largest gift he ever bestowed was this state park; 4,400 acres of which he donated in 1955, in memory of his mother Mary Minerva McCroskey. Virgil was anything but a selfish man. He received . . . — Map (db m122032) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), DeSmet — It These Walls Could Talk
If these walls could talk, many interesting stories would be told. Using materials from the surrounding area, James (Jerry) G. Marsh constructed this log building in 1933 & 1934, and it was the first tavern in Benewah County to have a beer license. . . . — Map (db m122022) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), DeSmet — 425 — McCroskey Park
Dedicated in memory of pioneer women, Mary Minerva McCroskey State Park has a forested skyline drive that offers spectacular views of forest, farms, and distant mountains. Virgil T. McCroskey devoted his life to preserving trees and . . . — Map (db m122036) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Plummer — Heyburn State Park — the Oldest State Park in the Pacific Northwest
The Coeur d’Alene people are the earliest inhabitants of this area. The natural wealth of the forests, rivers, and lakes sustained their existence for countless generations on five million acres of ancestral land. Their lifestyle was . . . — Map (db m110383) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Plummer — Hnpetptqwe'n Wayside — "Place for Racing"
T"nt"nmi, was one of the last Coeur d'Alenes to leave permanent residence along the lake, after tribal members were assigned farm homes under the Allotment Act. At Hnpetptqwe’n, he hosted regular gatherings and celebrations, where guests . . . — Map (db m110411) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — 286 — John Mullan
Was the Army officer who in 1859-1862 surveyed and built the Mullan Road from Walla Walla, Washington to Fort Benton, Montana. The road was to connect the Missouri and the Columbia, and Congress approved in 1855. Indian troubles and lack . . . — Map (db m110031) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Mullan Trail Road
Capt. John Mullan U.S. Army Capt. John Mullan, US Army, Constructor and surveyor. He was directed to mark a wagon and railroad route from Fort Benton, Montana to Walla Walla, Washington from 1853-1855. He built the actual road . . . — Map (db m110000) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Splash Dam at Hobo Creek
Loggers used the splash dam system in the Marble Creek basin between 1915 and 1931. In 1923, Rutledge Lumber Company spent $16,352.25 building the dam depicted in this mural. Splash dams stored enough water to “flush” logs down small . . . — Map (db m109997) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Willamette Steam Donkey Engine
“A locomotive without wheels…” The Willamette donkeys were fueled by wood or oil, which generated steam to turn drums that were spooled with cable. Cables of 8,000 to 12,000 feet length were common. Because of the long . . . — Map (db m109998) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — Hughes House Historical Museum — Built in 1902
It served as a Men's Club until 1906 then as a home and treatment center for "Doc" Thompson into the 1920's. Purchased & restored by Raleigh Hughes after 1926. Purchased by the Centennial Committee in 1989. — Map (db m122625) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — Once an area of many uses by the Coeur d'Alene People
Before the construction of the Post Falls Dam in 1906 the water level of the lake was lower from what you see now. In those days there were Coeur d'Alene camps near here at Ch'mi'wes, the land between Round and Benewah or Chatcolet Lakes. Plentiful . . . — Map (db m122619) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — 42 — Saint Joseph Indian Mission
Established November 4, 1842, by Father Nicolas Point, S.J. Eagerly sought by the Coeur d'Alene Indians, the Black Robed missionaries supervised the building of a log cabin, and in the spring, began to teach "the mysteries of plowing and . . . — Map (db m122109) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — St. Maries - Steaming with History
St. Maries, named by Jesuit Father Pierre DeSmet during the 1840s, sits at the confluence of the "Shadowy" St. Joe and St. Maries rivers. It was recognized as a settlement in the 1880s. Incorporated as a village in 1902, and as a city in 1913, it . . . — Map (db m122624) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — The 1910 Fire
Ranger Edward Pulaski and his crew of over 40 men took refuge from the fire on August 30 in the War Eagle mine tunnel on Placer Creek. All survived except for five men and two horses. — Map (db m122620) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — 285 — The Mullan Road
Designed to connect the Missouri and the Columbia, this military wagon road was constructed past here in 1859. Swamps in the St. Joe valley has to be corduroyed with logs, and 70 men spent a week digging out sidehills south of here and . . . — Map (db m122114) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — The St. Marie's "Occupation" of 1918
During W.W. I, St Maries was a hotbed of International Workers of America (I.W.W.) unionizing activities. In December 1917, Sheriff E. Noland raided their headquarters near here and arrested secretary William Nelson for advocating sabotage. On . . . — Map (db m122104) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), St. Maries — Timber Made This Town
The Saint Maries River Valley was said to have the largest single stand of white pine in the world. Homesteaders and lumberjacks flocked here by wagon road and boats to take advantage of vast stands of western white pine, fir, tamarack and cedar. . . . — Map (db m122621) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 436 — Big Butte
Big Butte Towering 2500 feet high, two over lapping rock domes form a 300,000 year-old butte that dominates this lava plain. After a hot flow of molten rhyolite (acidic rock) boiled up through older lava, a second rhyolite dome pushed up a . . . — Map (db m103820) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 188 — Central Ferry Station
A log structure was erected one half mile north of this site in 1864, which served as a stage station. The Ben Holliday stages use it as a stopping place as did the freighters who passed this way. Mail was unofficially handled here for more than a . . . — Map (db m124480) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 287 — Lava Formations
Molten rock, forced upward for 30 to 50 miles through fissures in the earth, has cooled into the hard lava found here. Continued pressure from below has made great cracks in the contorted surface. This lava solidified only a few thousand . . . — Map (db m108346) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 428 — Three Buttes
Three Buttes Rising above this level plain of lava flows and windblown soils these high landmarks are recent additions to Idaho’s landscape. East Butte (farthest east) flowed up and cooled quickly about 600,000 years ago, while Big Southern . . . — Map (db m103818) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Fort Hall
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the historic sites act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States . . . — Map (db m108309) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — 11 — Fort Hall — An Indian Trading Post
First habitation in this region was built by Nathaniel J. Wyeth on Snake River 14 miles west of this monument July 15, 1834 and named for Henry Hall, senior member of Wyeth's firm. The original stockade, 80 feet square was purchased by Hudson's . . . — Map (db m124481) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Newe'm Bo'ai -- "Indian Road"
This area was crossed by many trails used by the ancestors of the Shoshone and Bannock people. Some trails connected hunting and gathering grounds; others marked traditional ceremonial lands of the various Shoshone and Bannock bands. Among the . . . — Map (db m108542) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone and Bannock Tribes — History Travels Through Fort Hall
(Three panels are mounted in a kiosk located near the Fort Hall Indian Reservation Museum) Panel 1: Shoshone and Bannock Tribes Before settlers came to this region, Shoshone and Bannock tribal members moved with . . . — Map (db m108545) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Memorial Honor Roll
The Shoshone-Bannock Tribes Dedicate This Memorial in Honor of the Men and Women Who Served Their Country in the Armed Forces of World Wars I and II World War I Volunteers Andrew F. Cutler • Joseph S. Cutler • Richard M. Creasey • . . . — Map (db m124482) WM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone-Bannock Tribes: Beyond the Reservation
The Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868 is among the most important documents created between the U.S. government and the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. In addition to affirming the establishment of the Fort Hall Reservation, the Fort Bridger Treaty reserved the . . . — Map (db m108541) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — 413 — Magic Reservoir
Water from deep snow that falls on high mountain ridges north of here is stored each Spring in this reservoir to irrigate farm land near Shoshone and Richfield. Big Wood River flows past some hills that separate this valley from a broad plain . . . — Map (db m110116) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — Timmerman Junction Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Five panels in the kiosk deal with the history of Goodale's Cutoff and the surrounding area) Idaho's Emigrant Trails Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb . . . — Map (db m110138) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — 154 — Wood River Mines
Rich strikes in 1879 led to a rush in the lead and silver mines of this valley. The famous Minnie Moore Mine alone produced a total of $8.4 million worth of ore. Mining quickly brought a railroad and prosperity. The Ketchum smelter pioneered . . . — Map (db m110115) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — 305 — Goodale's Cutoff
An old emigrant road headed west across Camas Prairie and then descended to the valley below on its way to rejoin the Oregon Trail 28 miles west of here. This route, discovered by Donald Mackenzie's fur trade party in 1820, came into use for . . . — Map (db m123920) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — Water and Lava
As the pioneers passed through this parched landscape they were happy to find any available water. Most water is soaked up like a giant sponge when it reaches the lava fields, but here, small creeks to the north cover the porous lava rock with a . . . — Map (db m109897) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — Bullion Block Site/Werthheimer Building — 101 S. Main St.
The original building on this site, called the Bullion Block, was constructed in 1882. It was at this time that Hailey became the county seat of Alturas County after a bitterly fought election with Bellevue, and the existing county seat, Rocky Bar. . . . — Map (db m110109) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — J.C. Fox Building — 115 S. Main St.
J.C. Fox, the original owner of the building and one of Hailey's founders, had it erected in 1920 after operating a general store three doors up the street for almost forty years. He served as mayor for two years and was vice-president of the Hailey . . . — Map (db m110113) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — J.J. Tracy Building — 111 S. Main St.
The J.J. Tracy Building was built as a drug store in 1906 by John J. Tracy. Already a pharmacist at the age of twenty-two, Tracy migrated to the West, spending three months in Kelton, Utah where he met William T. Riley, an entrepreneur and early . . . — Map (db m110111) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — Rialto Hotel — 201 S. Main St.
In 1934, Julio Astoriquia and his wife Maria Astoriquia invested their hard-saved money to buy two lots on Main Street in Hailey for construction of a hotel. Julio emigrated from the Basque region of Spain to the United States in 1913. He worked as . . . — Map (db m110114) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — W.H. Watt Building — 120 N. Main St.
The Watt Building is connected in local memory with W.H. Watt, who had the building erected as a bank. An 1889 fire that demolished the business district of Hailey left few buildings still standing. The rear portion of the building, which may date . . . — Map (db m110108) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 302 — Alexander Ross
Searching the mountain wilderness for beaver, Alexander Ross came up Wood River and discovered this summit, Sept. 18, 1824. Leading a large brigade of Hudson's Bay Company trappers, he wondered whether he ever could get through unknown . . . — Map (db m110051) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 484 — Galena
After Warren P. Callahan located a rich lead-silver mine here, April 26, 1876, thousands of eager treasure-hunters joined in a rush to Wood River in 1880 Successful prosectors discovered valuable lodes from here to Bellevue. Galena has a . . . — Map (db m110052) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — Ketchum
Pioneering explorer Alexander Ross visited the valley in search of beaver in 1821. The Hudson's Bay Company reported the area as "promising." Ketchum's short mining era began in 1879, after the Sheepeater War and the relocation of the Native . . . — Map (db m110105) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 292 — Salmon River
Rising as a small stream in the valley to the south, the Salmon winds 420 miles across Idaho before flowing into Snake River. Discovered in 1895 by Lewis and Clark, and explored with great difficulty by fur traders and prospectors, the . . . — Map (db m110050) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 364 — Sawtooth City
Gold discoveries on Beaver Creek in 1879 led to mining activity near here that summer, but major production was delayed until 1886. By 1885, Sawtooth City had three saloons, two restaurants, a meat market, a store, a Chinese laundry, and . . . — Map (db m110045) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 329 — Ski Lifts
When Sun Valley Lodge was built in 1936, Union Pacific engineers developed chair lifts to transport skiers uphill. Starting with two modest ski slopes on Dollar Mountain and Proctor Mountain, chair lifts were used for all Sun Valley ski . . . — Map (db m110054) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 2007 — The Congregational Church
The First Congregational Church of Ketchum, Idaho was built in 1884 during expansion of the Church across America. By the late 1840's, Christian abolitionists gained strength in the struggle against slavery. Unwilling to remain in the union of . . . — Map (db m110106) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — The Lewis Ore Wagons
Horace Lewis began the "Ketchum Fast Freight Line" soon after the town was founded on August 2, 1880. The first load of ore was carried from the Elkhorn mine to the railroad at Kelton, Utah. These monstrous wagons with six-foot wheels known as "The . . . — Map (db m110104) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 235 — Vienna
Levi Smiley found gold on Smiley Creek in 1878, and E.M. Wilson discovered a still richer lode 8 miles above here near Vienna, on June 4, 1879. Before shutting down in 1886, Vienna was a thriving mining camp with a $200,000 twenty-stamp . . . — Map (db m110048) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Garden Valley — Snake Brigades & "Fur Deserts"
The Payette River is named for Francois Payette, a French-Canadian trapper and early explorer of the major tributaries of the Snake River. At that time, British, Canadian, and American fur companies competed for the region's abundant natural . . . — Map (db m119236) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Garden Valley — The Impounded Payette
(This marker consists of three panels:) The Payette River is a major tributary of the Snake River and drains about 3,200 square miles, an area about the size of Delaware and Rhode Island. Annual rainfall within the drainage ranges . . . — Map (db m119311) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Grandjean — 435 — Emile Grandjean
An immigrant from Denmark where he had studied forestry, he came to this part of Idaho in 1883 to mine, hunt and trap. Before Idaho became a state in 1890, he built a winter cabin below Grandjean Peak on a site later occupied by Grandjean Ranger . . . — Map (db m22638) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Horseshoe Bend — 278 — Horse Shoe Bend
Gold was struck in Boise Basin (over the ridge to the east) in 1862, and the rush to these new mines came through here. Traffic came by steamer up the Columbia to Umatilla, and thence overland. At first there were only pack and saddle trains, but . . . — Map (db m23235) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Boise Basin Museum
In 1867 this building was built by James A. Pinney to house the post office and a book and specialty shop. In 1882 Mr. Pinney sold the building to S.C. Silsby for the sum of $1,000.00. Around 1868 the northern most portion of the building was . . . — Map (db m119062) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Boise County Courthouse
In July of 1871 construction began on this handsome brick building, which was completed by October of the same year. The building was built by C.S. and E.A. Kingsley as a general store. Several businesses have occupied this building . . . — Map (db m109935) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — George Kettler's Blacksmith Shop — 1889
Originally George Kettler’s Blacksmith Shop with ox and horseshoeing sheds on both sides. In more recent years it was owned by Tom and Florence Adams. From 1948 – 1975 they published the “Idaho Mountaineer” newspaper and . . . — Map (db m110260) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — George Kettler's Blacksmith Shop — 1889
This building was originally George Kettler's Blacksmith shop, built in 1889 with ox and horse shoeing sheds on both sides. As the horse and buggy gave way to the automobile, it became an early garage. In 1947, it was acquired by Tom and Florence . . . — Map (db m119110) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 188 — Grimes' Creek
Named for George Grimes who, with Moses Splawn, led the party which on August 2, 1862 made the strike that started the Boise basin gold rush. The party was searching for a rich basin described to Splawn a year earlier by an Indian. Farther up . . . — Map (db m22600) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — I.O.O.F. Hall
The Independent Order of Odd Fellows pioneer Lodge No. 1 was organized on February 16th 1864. The building was completed by September 15, 1875 at a cost of $1,974.00 and the grand opening was held on November 19th 1875. It is the oldest . . . — Map (db m119107) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 186 — Idaho City
This roaring metropolis was founding early in October, 1862, about ten weeks after gold was discovered in Boise basin. By the next summer, this was the largest city in the Northwest, with 6,275 people -- 5,691 of them men! Families followed, and . . . — Map (db m22601) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Idaho Territorial Penitentiary
Built in May, 1864 by G.B. Walker at a cost of $10975. Jointly used by Idaho Territory and Boise Co. Original site was on Buena Vista Bar west of City. Building was moved in 1930 to make way for gold mining, and move twice more before being placed . . . — Map (db m119105) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Masonic Temple
This is the home of Lodge No. 1 of Idaho's Ancient Free and Accepted Masons. This Masonic Temple, built in 1865 is the oldest Masonic Temple in Idaho, and reputedly the Oldest Temple west of the Mississippi , still in use. Although the . . . — Map (db m119064) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Masonic Temple — Idaho Lodge No. 1 A.F.& A.M.
Dispensation from Oregon in 1863. Charter June 22, 1864. This building erected in Sept. 1865 after the original building at another location was destroyed by fire in May, 1865. The Grand Lodge of Idaho A.F. & A.M. was formed in this . . . — Map (db m119104) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Miners Exchange
In 1865 John Clarsey started the brick building that was to house the John Clarsey's saloon. In 1867 Mr. Clarsey added a new club room to the south side of the saloon. On the north side of the building was the Vantine & Co. General Store. The . . . — Map (db m119060) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Pest House and County Jail
Idaho City Fire Station Served as Boise County Jail during the 20's - 30's. — Map (db m119063) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Pioneer Lodge No. 1 — Independent Order of Odd Fellows
The first Odd Fellows Lodge in the state of Idaho instituted by men of faith that never wavered. Through good times and bad, the members found solutions. The took great pride in belonging to this Lodge which is truly the "Shrine of Odd Fellowship" . . . — Map (db m119108) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Saint Joseph's Catholic Church
Picturesquely set on East Hill above the City center, this simple two story frame building is actually the second Saint Josephs Church. The original church dedicated on November 15, 1863, burned to the ground in Idaho City's second fire on May 17, . . . — Map (db m119109) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — The Chinese Legacy in Boise Basin (在愛达荷城的华人) — The Pon Yam Store (仲黃商店) — 1873 - 1904
This building was constructed in 1865 by Elias Brown. It originally housed a newspaper office, restaurant and grocery store. It was one of several brick buildings known as "fireproofs" that were constructed after a disastrous fire swept through . . . — Map (db m119061) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — The Idaho World
In September of 1863 the pioneer printers Joseph & Thomas Butler founded the newspaper called the “Boise News.” It was later changed to the “Idaho World.” The Idaho World boasts the title of Idaho’s oldest newspaper. . . . — Map (db m109942) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 266 — The Old Toll Road
The Old Toll Road to Idaho City crossed the ridge from Boise through the lowest point you can see in the skyline across the valley. Climbing the More's creek canyon wall, it crossed this highway about here and swung north. The road was built and . . . — Map (db m22599) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — U.S. Senator Frank Church
"It's never too late - nor are the odds ever to great - to try. In that spirit the West was won, and in that spirit I now declare my candidacy for President of the United States." U.S, Senator Frank Church March 18, 1976 At . . . — Map (db m119034) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — World War II Memorial
In Memory Of The boys who gave their lives in World War II from Boise County, Idaho Stanley B. Banks • George Berry • Harry E. Brechenridge • Henry Luther Beckman • William S. Lawson • John Myers • Edgar Rae • Commodore Perry Ritter • . . . — Map (db m119059) WM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — A Community in Trouble — More Help Arrived Soon
At 4:00pm on July 29, the Lowman Fire exploded, consuming five square miles of forest. In two hours it grew into a fire storm that destroyed parts of the dispersed Lowman community. Saving lives was the first priority of fire fighters who . . . — Map (db m110747) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — CCC Shapes the Payette Drainage
(Three panels make up this marker:) In the 1930s, Gallagher CCC widened and surfaced this road, built Scott Mountain Road, developed Hot Springs and Pine Flat Campgrounds, erected fences to control livestock grazing, fought fires, and . . . — Map (db m119235) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 442 — Emma Edwards
A talented artist, Emma Edwards went to work in 1890 to to design Idaho's state seal when she was only 18 years old. Although her father had moved to California after serving as governor of Missouri (1844 to 1848), Emma preferred to spend much of . . . — Map (db m22637) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — It Happened One Summer
(Three panels make up this marker:) In the summer of 1989, the Lowman Fire burned the area north and east of here. The fire consumed 72 square miles of forest, and area larger than the Boise metropolitan area. In addition, 26 structures in . . . — Map (db m119233) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — Life in a Fire Camp
Imagine, the battle against this immense fire was launched from this small Ranger Station! More than 2,300 people came from all over the country to work on the fire lines. Many of them lived in “fire camps” scattered around the . . . — Map (db m110749) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 444 — Lowman
In 1907, Nathaniel W. Lowman settled here, and four years later, when he started a post office in his large log house, this community was named for him. Only a few scattered settlers lived here then. Lowman got all its supplies once a year from a . . . — Map (db m22616) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Placerville — Boise Basin Mercantile Museum
The Boise Basin Mercantile was built in the 1860's and was among the first stores in Placerville. The store holds the distinction of belonging to the first chain stores founded in Idaho. The owners operated similar businesses in Idaho City until the . . . — Map (db m119031) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Placerville — Fiddlers Murdered at Ophir Creek
On June 4, 1865 near the tollgate on the road from Placerville to Centerville, George Wilson was murdered, robbed of his gold dust and his body hidden in a prospect hole full of water. Two musicians, banjo player L. Moulton and fiddler Fred Cursons . . . — Map (db m119032) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Placerville — Henrietta Penrod Museum
Originally constructed as the Magnolia Saloon in the 1860's, the building was partially damaged by a fire that destroyed the community's businesses in August 1899. Located on the town square, the saloon was rebuilt in 1900 allowing it to continue . . . — Map (db m119030) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — David Thompson & Finnan MacDonald
At Mamaloose Point, two miles South, Kullyspell house, first trading post in Idaho, was built September, 1809 by David Thompson and Finnan Macdonald — Map (db m112928) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Ice Dam — Filled This Basin as Far as You Can See — Glaciers moved south from Canada spreading across the lake and rivers
Glaciers advanced and retreated a dozen times or more Damming Glacial Lake Missoula Bursting with gargantuan force Flooding areas 400 miles away Shaping today's landscape in Idaho, Washington and Oregon Glacial ice above . . . — Map (db m73493) HM

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