“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Historical Markers in Idaho

611 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 411
Abraham Lincoln Marker and Statue image, Touch for more information
By Rebecca Maxwell, June 23, 2010
Abraham Lincoln Marker and Statue
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Abraham Lincoln
Gutzon Borglum, Sculptor of Mount Rushmore Born: St. Charles, Idaho 1867 Died: Chicago, Illinois 1941 Copy executed by Irene Deely of Boise, Idaho 2009 "I have tried to give to posterity, in a true, unstudied picture, a glimpse of possibly . . . — Map (db m32232) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 72 — Airmail Service
U.S. commercial airline service began with a Varney Airlines flight from Pasco to Boise which landed here on April 6, 1926. Army planes had delivered airmail before that time. After Varney Airlines was merged with newer companies to become United . . . — Map (db m22734) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 376 — Arrowrock Dam
Higher than any other dam from 1915 until 1934, Arrowrock Dam still is an essential part of Boise Valley's irrigation system. Located six miles upstream from here, Arrowrock is 350 feet high and 1,150 feet wide. Built at a cost of $4,725,000 to . . . — Map (db m22597) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 379 — Basque Country
Idaho has a large Basque community that preserves it's ancient European traditions in a new land of opportunity. Coming here originally to herd sheep on mountain and desert ranges, they shifted into other occupations as quickly as possible, making . . . — Map (db m31680) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 359 — Beaver Dick's Ferry
In 1863 and 1864, overland packers hauling supplies from Salt Lake City to Idaho City crossed here and took a direct route northward to More's Creek. They cut a steep grade from the Oregon Trail down to Beaver Dick's Ferry, which served a . . . — Map (db m22641) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Boise High School1010 W. Washington Street
In 1903, Boise High School opened to students in an elaborate, red brick Victorian building. As the city grew, more space was needed and a new building was designed by the firm of Tourtellotte and Hummel. In order to minimize disruption to students, . . . — Map (db m111328) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 402 — Boise State University
Expanding from a two-year community college (1932-1965) to a campus with a graduate program, Boise State was designated as a university in 1974. Originating as an Episcopalian academy founded in 1892, this institution was located a mile north of . . . — Map (db m22735) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Bonneville Point
From this old Indian trail later known as the Old Oregon Trail Captain B,L,E, Bonnevilles partner on first sighting the river May 1833 exclaimed - Les Bois Les Bois Voyes Les Bois meaning The Woods The Woods See The Woods Capt Bonneville . . . — Map (db m71837) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Captain Bonneville
Bonneville Point According to tradition, a hunting party led by the explorer Captain Benjamin Bonneville reached this promontory in 1833. They saw the lush river valley below and exclaimed in French, “Les bois; les bois; vouyez . . . — Map (db m71835) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 343 — Diversion Dam
Diversion Dam was completed in 1909 to lift water into an already constructed New York canal system, greatly expanding its irrigated farmlands. After a quarter century of failure to dig a large canal above Diversion Dam, United States Reclamation . . . — Map (db m22586) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Idaho State PenitentiaryFounded 1868
New addition built 1893 Prison Commissioners William J. McConnell, Gov. Jas. F. Curtis, Sec. of State Geo.M. Parsons, Atty. Gen. Jas. King, Arch’t. — Map (db m63000) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Jesus Urquides Packs a Mule, 1925
In 1850, at age seventeen, Jesus Urquides joined the California gold rush to Stockton and the Sierra Nevadas. In 1860, striking out on his own, he followed the rush to Walla Walla, Lewiston, and The Dalles. Boise Basin’s 1863 gold rush lured . . . — Map (db m110696) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Jesus Urquides, Circa 1870
Legendary mule packer Jesus Urquides was a Boise pioneer and founder of a freighting business located on this site. Born January 18, 1833 in Sonora, Mexico, Urquides migrated to the California gold fields in 1850 where he worked as a mule packer . . . — Map (db m110694) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Maria Dolores (Lola) Binnard, circa 1910
Maria Dolores (Lola) Urquides was born to Jesus and Adelaida Urquides on October 8, 1882. She married Daniel H. Binnard in 1902, but he died suddenly in 1915 and Lola moved back to 115 Main Street to care for her aging father until his death in . . . — Map (db m110689) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 318 — More's Creek
More's Creek is named for J. Marion More, leader of the party of miners who founded Idaho City, October 7, 1862. Like most of Idaho's early miners, he came originally from the South. Unlike most of them, he struck it rich. During the Idaho gold . . . — Map (db m22595) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 375 — Oregon Trail
Indians, trappers, and emigrants who came this way before 1900 used a more direct route to get between Boise and Glenns Ferry. Their road still can be seen at Bonneville Point 5 miles from here. Following close to a line of hills bordering a . . . — Map (db m22181) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Sacajawea and Pomp
Sacajawea and Pomp Sacajawea was a Lemhi Shoshoni Indian born near Salmon, Idaho around 1790. She was the only Idaho native, and the only female, to be a member of the famed Lewis and Clark "Corps of Discovery" expedition that opened up the . . . — Map (db m73205) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Fur Trade and the Tide of Emigration
Hunt’s party laid the groundwork for future trapping expeditions across the Snake River Plain. Donald Mackenzie, who accompanies Hunt and later joined the British North West Company, returned to establish trade relations with resident Indian bands. . . . — Map (db m71834) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Hunt Expedition
Beaver pelts lured the first Euro-Americans deep into the American West. In 1810, only four years after Lewis and Clark completed their epic journey, John Jacob Astor established the Pacific Fur Company. He soon financed sea and land expeditions to . . . — Map (db m71832) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — 151 — The Oregon Trail
The Oregon Trail is still clearly visible coming off the rimrock across the river. Here the west bound emigrants after 1840 came gratefully down into this green valley. The first cart passed here with Spalding and Whitman, pioneer missionaries, . . . — Map (db m22639) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — The Shoshone and Northern PaiuteEchoes of an Ancient Homeland
The landscape before you is part of the homeland of the Shoshone, Bannock, and Northern Paiute Indians. They occupied these lands for countless generations before the arrival of Euro-Americans. Living in small bands of several families, their lives . . . — Map (db m71830) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Urquides Village, Southern Edge, circa 1958
In 1879, with the death of his friend Antonio de Ocampo, the packer Urquides inherited Ocampo’s city lot at 115 Main Street. Here along a canal he built a home for his wife, Adelaida, their sons, Arthur and Manuel and daughter, Maria . . . — Map (db m110693) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Boise — Warm Springs Avenue
The Warm Springs Avenue neighborhood began to emerge in the 1890’s, soon after Kelly Hot Springs, for which the street was named, was tapped to provide water for Boise’s fire hydrants. The prominent owners of the water line built their mansions on . . . — Map (db m109839) HM
Idaho (Ada County), Meridian — 193 — Initial Point
All Idaho land surveys refer to a beginning point --"Initial Point"-- 16 miles directly south of here. When he began surveying Idaho in 1867, Lafayette Cartee, first surveyor general of Idaho Territory, established the initial point on a . . . — Map (db m53439) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Council — 420 — Old Railroads
An ambitious railroad project to a high Seven Devils copper mine (elevation 6800 ft.) created a lot of excitement here in 1898-1899. This would have been Idaho's highest mountain railroad if funding had been available to complete it. Construction . . . — Map (db m23226) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Meadows — 183 — Packer John's Cabin
John Welch -- always known as Packer John -- hauled supplies from Lewiston to Idaho City during a major Boise Basin gold rush of 1863-1864. He built a cabin (1/4 mile north of here) that immediately became an historic Idaho landmark. Territorial . . . — Map (db m37957) HM
Idaho (Adams County), Mesa — 374 — Mesa Orchards
For more than half a century, after 1910, an apple orchard of nearly 1400 acres, thought to be the largest in the United States under one management, covered this area. Investors, mostly from the eastern U.S., bought 10-acre shares to finance the . . . — Map (db m23222) HM
Idaho (Adams County), New Meadows — J. I. Morgan, Inc.
In 1946 Jack Morgan and his brother Ed purchased the logging division at New Meadows, Idaho, from Boise Payette Lumber Company. The new company was called J. I. Morgan, Inc. In the years that followed, the company was . . . — Map (db m110379) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Downey — 119 — Captain Jefferson Hunt, Soldier, Pioneer, ChurchmanBorn January 20, 1804 in Kentucky - Died May 11, 1879 in Idaho
Charles Jefferson Hunt served in the Mormon Battalion as Captain of Company “A” and as assistant executive officer. In it’s historic march from Council Bluffs, Iowa to San Diego, California, 1846 - 47. His service won the commendation of . . . — Map (db m48986) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Downey — 171 — Red Rock Pass
You are standing in the outlet of ancient Lake Bonneville, a vast prehistoric inland sea, of which Salt Lake is modern remnant Covering over 20,000 square miles when it overflowed here about 14,500 years ago, its winding shoreline would have . . . — Map (db m105831) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Inkom — 17 — Idaho's 1st Railroad
Through this canyon once puffed the wood-burning locomotives of the narrow-gauge Utah and Northern Railway. Construction, undertaken by a Mormon Co-op, came northward from a junction with the transcontinental line, but stopped in 1874 at . . . — Map (db m108284) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Furs and farms, fire and floods...... the rise of Lava Hot Springs
(This marker consists of series of photographs and their captions.) The community of Lava Hot Springs is located at a strategic crossroads between the Rockies, the Great Basin, and the West. The year-round availability of natural hot . . . — Map (db m108259) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Lava Hot Springs' healing waters
(This marker is composed of series of photographs and their captions.) Good for what ails you! Idaho's hot springs have drawn people to them for hundreds, if not thousands, of years. Long before indoor plumbing and hot water . . . — Map (db m108255) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Lava Hot Springs — Lead Bell Mining Company
In 1921, William Godfrey and CJ Lundgren registered the Lead Bell Mining Company, Portneuf District with 1,000,000 shares at par value 10 cents. Operated 1925-1938. Sd (sic) Colton, Pres. Drecilla Godfrey, Sec. Wm Godfrey, Mgr. Mined Lead, Zinc, . . . — Map (db m108257) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), McCammon — Location, location, location....
McCammon's mogul (two photos at bottom left) In 1865 William H. Murphy operated a toll bridge on the Portneuf River mainly used by miners traveling from Utah to the Montana goldfields. Murphy and his wife Catherine Scott Murphy . . . — Map (db m108261) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), McCammon — 560 — McCammon Railroad Center
The development of McCammon was closely associated with the transportation industry. William Murphy, in early 1863, built the first toll bridge, and McCammon became the nucleus of the Overland Stage Lines. H.O. Harkness acquired the toll bridge . . . — Map (db m108262) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — 503 — Chief Pocatello
In an era of emigrants, Mormon settlers and the military, Pocatello emerged as a strong leader of the the Hukenduka Shoshone. Born after 1810, Pocatello claimed this area and surrounding territories as his homeland. He soon watched his . . . — Map (db m108286) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Chief Theater1938 - 1993
The Chief Theater opened on January 5, 1938. Admission to the first show, "Bad Man of Brimstone", was 49 cents. The downtown landmark provided entertainment until it was closed in 1982. The Chief Foundation began work on refurbishing the buildings . . . — Map (db m108307) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Fort Hall
A registered national historical landmark Indian and trapper trading post established by Nathaniel J. Wyeth in 1834 and sold to Hudson's Bay Company in 1837 It was the vital point on the Oregon and California immigration trails and in establishing . . . — Map (db m108304) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — 289 — Idaho State University
This great institution began here on Sept. 22, 1902, with 4 teachers and 40 students. Originally the Academy of Idaho, it became Idaho Technical Institute in 1915, the Southern Branch of the University of Idaho in 1927, and Idaho State . . . — Map (db m108306) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Native FoodsChief Pocatello Monument
Shoshone Foods The Shoshone were experts in securing a living from the land around them. They made intense use of the animals and plants available to them, and nothing was wasted. Big Game Traditional foods including . . . — Map (db m108327) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Old Fort Hall
Fort Hall, Keystone on the Oregon Trail, America's road to destiny, was located 14 miles north of this site. It was dedicated by Nathaniel J. Wyeth, Bostonian, on Aug. 5th 1834. Unable to compete with Hudson's Bay Co., Fort Boise; Wyeth sold the . . . — Map (db m108305) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Pocatello's LifeChief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello - Born in a Time of Change It is hard to imagine the change Pocatello saw during his lifetime, and the challenges to his people's way of life to which he was forced to respond. Early Life Pocatello was . . . — Map (db m108331) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — Pocatello's Name in WWIIChief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello's memory was honored by giving his name to two fighting vessels in World War II. USS Pocatello Tacoma-Class Frigate Launched October 17, 1943. It was sponsored by Miss Thelma Dixey, Chief Pocatello's . . . — Map (db m108326) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — The City of PocatelloChief Pocatello Monument
Pocatello's origin lies in the railroads an the role they played in westward expansion. In the late-1800's, what would become Pocatello was a rest stop on the Utah and Northern Railroad, which went from Utah to Butte, Montana. In 1882, . . . — Map (db m108325) HM
Idaho (Bannock County), Pocatello — The ShoshoneChief Pocatello Monument
Chief Pocatello's People -- The Shoshone The band led by Chief Pocatello were members of the Shoshone tribe. Shoshone territory included most of Idaho, northern Utah, northern Colorado, Montana, Wyoming, Central Nevada and in California, in . . . — Map (db m108328) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Bloomington — 319 — British SettlersBear Lake — LDS Church
Most early Bear Lake settlers came from Britain. One was the first woman convert to the LDS church in Europe.

Born in Preston, England, Aug. 24, 1806. Ann Elizabeth Walmsley Palmer was baptized July 30, 1837. An invalid, she was carried into the . . . — Map (db m99318) HM

Idaho (Bear Lake County), Fish Haven — 382 — Bear Lake
Discovered in 1812 by trappers returning home from Astoria, Oregon, this valley and its large lake soon became an important fur trade center. Donald Mackenzie, Jim Bridger and a host of famous beaver hunters operated here. Two major summer . . . — Map (db m105867) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 9 — A Look at Memory Lane
The pictures below reflect first views of the downtown entering Montpelier from the west in different times in history. Brennan-Davis Building The building was built for Edward Burgoyne by Jacob Tueller and Sons prior to 1899. The . . . — Map (db m90920) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 8 — A Strong Building, Stock Chevys and RailroadMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Strong Building and Stock Chevrolet This red brick building, note the brickwork circles, was built for Lish Strong by the Tueller brothers of Paris, Idaho. It became known as the Strong Building. Part of the upper level was also used for . . . — Map (db m90911) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 446 — Bank Robbers
On Aug. 13, 1896, Butch Cassidy and his infamous Wild Bunch of gunmen invaded Montpelier's bank and scooped up more than $16,500 in gold, silver and currency. Leaving a surprised cashier and his terrified customers, they calmly rode away. A . . . — Map (db m90806) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Beaver DivideThe Summit
To load their wagons with salt from the salt springs on Crow Creek, Mormon settlers of Bear Lake Valley followed the Native American Indian trail over this pass about 1865. In 1868, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints Apostle Charles C . . . — Map (db m105896) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 335 — Big Hill
On their way west to Oregon and California, emigrant wagons often crossed high ridges in order to avoid gullies and canyons. When he came here in 1843, Theodore Talbot noted that he "had to cross a very high hill, which is said to be the . . . — Map (db m90807) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill
"... the greatest impediment on the whole route from the United States to Fort Hall." - Theodore Talbot, 1843 Near the Wyoming/Idaho border the pioneers face Big Hill, on of the most challenging obstacles of their journey. The dusty . . . — Map (db m90854) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Big Hill...
"the steepest and longest ascent we have made on the route..." - James Wilkins Looking east across the fields is Big Hill, one of the most difficult obstacles along the 2,000-mile Oregon/California Trail. The trail crosses the Thomas . . . — Map (db m90851) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 5 — Butch Cassidy Robs the Montpelier BankMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
On the hot afternoon of August 23, 1896, Butch Cassidy with two members of his Wild Bunch Gang, Elza Lay and Bob Meeks, robbed The Bank of Montpelier which was originally located in the building across the street from this sign. The Bank of . . . — Map (db m90877) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Camp Giveout(Crow Creek Road)
Within five years after Apostle Charles C Rich was called to establish a settlement in Bear Lake Valley, 1868, he looked at western Wyoming as a possible expansion of the Mormon community. By 1879 the Bear Lake Stake of the Church of Jesus Christ of . . . — Map (db m105895) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 7 — Cleaners, Hospital, Plumbers and a Big BearMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Schmid Building Carl (Charles) Schmid, a tailor from Freienstein, Switzerland opened a tailor shop in Montpelier in 1892. He named his business Chas Schmid, The Tailor. He made men's suits and coats and did repairs, alterations and dry . . . — Map (db m90910) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 1 — Downtown Montpelier Historic Walking Tour
Welcome to the Historic Downtown Montpelier Business District on Washington Street! Take a few minutes to enjoy a walking tour filled with interesting information about this area and its place in history. Also, spend a few minutes visiting . . . — Map (db m90878) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Halfway House(Crow Creek Road)
The Crow Creek Road was the link between the Mormon settlements of Bear Lake and Star Valley for 50 years. The 100-mile round trip between Afton, WY and the railhead at Montpelier ID would take a team of horses from 3 to 7 days depending on the . . . — Map (db m105897) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Hot, Cold, Dry, Wet, Dusty, 2,000-Mile Trail
Beginning in Independence, Missouri, the Oregon/California Trail passes through present-day Missouri, Kansas, Wyoming, and Idaho. it ends in Oregon, California or Utah - depending on the destination of the pioneers. While the . . . — Map (db m90876) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Idaho's Emigrant Trails
Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb and descent of Big Hill, witnessed nature's curiosities at Soda Springs, and discovered willing traders at Fort Hall. In 1843 wagons first . . . — Map (db m90852) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 456 — McAuley's Road
Coming west with Ezra Meeker in 1852, Thomas McAuley decided to build a road to let emigrants bypass Big Hill. Worst of all Oregon Trail descents, Big Hill needed replacement. Eliza McAuley reported that her brother Tom "fished awhile, . . . — Map (db m90808) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 6 — Model T's, Odd Fellows and the NewsMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early sheriff and mayor Fred Cruikshank owned the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909. Bear Lake Motors Early sheriff and mayor Fred Locke Cruikshank was the owner of the first Model T Ford Agency in 1909 and closed it down in . . . — Map (db m90908) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — News Examiner
This building presently occupied by the News Examiner was built early in the 1900's by the Whitman family. It was used as a dry goods store until it was sold to the Robinsons in 1942 for use as a newspaper building. Among the features of the . . . — Map (db m90922) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Nield Ranch(Crow Creek Road)
“I have always felt I was at a disadvantage in making a living for my self and family if I did not have a wagon and team.” – John Nield Diary John and Sarah Broadbent Nield moved their family to Star Valley in 1888 over the . . . — Map (db m105901) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — One Continual Stream
"One continual stream of honest looking open harted people going west" - James Cayman, mountain man, captured this sentiment in his diary as he watched pioneers heading west in 1846. Between 1841 and 1869 nearly 300,000 farmers, . . . — Map (db m90853) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 66 — Pioneer Church(was located 1/2 block east and 1/2 block north)
In the spring of 1864, fifteen families of pioneers came from Paris, Idaho and settled Clover Creek, the name used until President Brigham Young changed it to Montpelier. After building crude homes the settlers erected a large building of logs, . . . — Map (db m105874) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 4 — Rich Building and TheatreMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Early Montpelier was well known for its pine trees placed down the center of Washington Street. As U.S. Highway 89 became more popular to the traveling public, the trees were finally cut down amid much discussion throughout the town. Rich . . . — Map (db m90907) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 3 — Ritter Bros. Drug and the Roxy TheatreMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
The streetscape of Montpelier has changed through the years. The early years of this Oregon Trail town began with only horse power including wagons and horseback. Streets were packed dirt with hitching posts. With the advent of the horseless . . . — Map (db m90880) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Second Bank of Montpelier
Grove C. Gray built a brick building in 1907 to house the second bank of Montpelier. On June 25, 1910, two men attempted to rob this bank by dynamiting the vault. While attempting to dynamite the vault, they jostled a loaded pistol that was on top . . . — Map (db m90909) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 159 — Smith's Trading Post
In 1848, Pegleg Smith established a trading post on the Oregon Trail at Big Timber somewhere near here on the river. Some travelers called it "Fort Smith", though it had only four log cabins and some Indian lodges. Packing a plow and tools . . . — Map (db m90805) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — Snowslide Canyon and Hanke’s Ranch(Crow Creek Road)
By 1881, just five years following the opening of the Crow Creek Freight Road, freighters had started calling this canyon by that name. Snowslides were frequent on snowy, windy days as drifts would build up on the shale ridge. Unable to hold the . . . — Map (db m105894) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 2 — The Bank and The BurgoyneMontpelier Historic Downtown Walking Tour
Bank of Montpelier's Impact on Local Banking History Residents of Bear Lake county have discussed the Butch Cassidy bank robbery for years with varied endings. Not unlike fishermen's boastings, tales of the exact amount of Butch's loot will . . . — Map (db m90879) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — The McAuley Cutoff
On April 7, 1852, seventeen-year-old Eliza Ann McAuley, with her older brother Thomas and sister Margaret, left Mount Pleasant, Iowa, to travel overland to California. For a time they were accompanied by the "Eddyville Company," led by William Buck . . . — Map (db m90850) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — 157 — Thomas Fork
A bad ford gave trouble to wagon trains crossing this stream on the trail to California and Oregon in 1849. In that year, gold-seeking 49'ers developed a shortcut that crossed here. Then emigrants built two bridges here in 1850. But an . . . — Map (db m90804) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Montpelier — White Dugway(Crow Creek Road)
Clinging to the white shale formation a mile east (on the Crow Creek Rd.) is the White Dugway. There was moisture in the shale and when frost had it in its grip the road was very slippery. Freighters learned to be cautious as a wagon or sleigh could . . . — Map (db m105899) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 73 — Charles Coulson Rich
In honor of Charles Coulson Rich 1809-1893 Pioneer builder of the west. Major-General of the Nauvoo Legion Alderman of the City of Nauvoo, in the time of Joseph Smith. Pioneer of Utah, 1847. Chairman of the first committee . . . — Map (db m105849) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 289 — Our First Church
Paris, Idaho was settled in the fall of 1863. Two years later a building used for church, school and recreation was erected by James Nye and others, of logs hauled from George Sirrine's sawmill It was 20' X 60' with two large rooms and a stage at . . . — Map (db m105873) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 275 — Paris
This pioneer Idaho town was founded Sept. 26, 1863 when a wagon train brought more than 30 families of Mormon colonizers. More pioneers soon followed, some living in huts of quaking aspen and others building log cabins for the mild first . . . — Map (db m105836) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 386 — Paris Tabernacle
Designed by one of Brigham Young's sons, this imposing Romanesque tabernacle was built between 1884 an 1889 by skilled local craftsmen. Swiss stone masons cut and carved red sandstone that horse and ox teams hauled from a canyon 18 miles . . . — Map (db m105848) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), Paris — 441 — Thomas Sleight Cabin
The Thomas Sleight Cabin was built in the fall of 1863 by Thomas Sleight and Charles Atkins, who with their wives, Marianne and Ann, occupied it together during the first winter of the settlement of Paris, Idaho. It was first finished with a dirt . . . — Map (db m105866) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), St. Charles — Gutzon Borglum Monument
Erected in Honor of Gutzon Borglum Born in the village of St. Charles Idaho, March 25, 1867 He is internationally known for his painting and sculptoring and most famous for Mount Rushmore National Monument Gutzon . . . — Map (db m105878) HM
Idaho (Bear Lake County), St. Charles — 211 — St. Charles
In May, 1864 Brigham Young called Swan Arnell, Sr., Charles G. Keetch, Sr., Robert Pope, and Johh Windley with their families to settle here. Soon others followed. Charles Windley was the first child born in the village. The town site was surveyed . . . — Map (db m105869) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Plummer — Heyburn State Parkthe Oldest State Park in the Pacific Northwest
The Coeur d’Alene people are the earliest inhabitants of this area. The natural wealth of the forests, rivers, and lakes sustained their existence for countless generations on five million acres of ancestral land. Their lifestyle was . . . — Map (db m110383) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Plummer — Hnpetptqwe'n Wayside"Place for Racing"
T"nt"nmi, was one of the last Coeur d'Alenes to leave permanent residence along the lake, after tribal members were assigned farm homes under the Allotment Act. At Hnpetptqwe’n, he hosted regular gatherings and celebrations, where guests . . . — Map (db m110411) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — 286 — John Mullan
Was the Army officer who in 1859-1862 surveyed and built the Mullan Road from Walla Walla, Washington to Fort Benton, Montana. The road was to connect the Missouri and the Columbia, and Congress approved in 1855. Indian troubles and lack . . . — Map (db m110031) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Mullan Trail Road
Capt. John Mullan U.S. Army Capt. John Mullan, US Army, Constructor and surveyor. He was directed to mark a wagon and railroad route from Fort Benton, Montana to Walla Walla, Washington from 1853-1855. He built the actual road . . . — Map (db m110000) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Splash Dam at Hobo Creek
Loggers used the splash dam system in the Marble Creek basin between 1915 and 1931. In 1923, Rutledge Lumber Company spent $16,352.25 building the dam depicted in this mural. Splash dams stored enough water to “flush” logs down small . . . — Map (db m109997) HM
Idaho (Benewah County), Saint Maries — Willamette Steam Donkey Engine
“A locomotive without wheels…” The Willamette donkeys were fueled by wood or oil, which generated steam to turn drums that were spooled with cable. Cables of 8,000 to 12,000 feet length were common. Because of the long . . . — Map (db m109998) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 436 — Big Butte
Big Butte Towering 2500 feet high, two over lapping rock domes form a 300,000 year-old butte that dominates this lava plain. After a hot flow of molten rhyolite (acidic rock) boiled up through older lava, a second rhyolite dome pushed up a . . . — Map (db m103820) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 287 — Lava Formations
Molten rock, forced upward for 30 to 50 miles through fissures in the earth, has cooled into the hard lava found here. Continued pressure from below has made great cracks in the contorted surface. This lava solidified only a few thousand . . . — Map (db m108346) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Blackfoot — 428 — Three Buttes
Three Buttes Rising above this level plain of lava flows and windblown soils these high landmarks are recent additions to Idaho’s landscape. East Butte (farthest east) flowed up and cooled quickly about 600,000 years ago, while Big Southern . . . — Map (db m103818) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Fort Hall
has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark under the provisions of the historic sites act of August 21, 1935. This site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States . . . — Map (db m108309) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Newe'm Bo'ai -- "Indian Road"
This area was crossed by many trails used by the ancestors of the Shoshone and Bannock people. Some trails connected hunting and gathering grounds; others marked traditional ceremonial lands of the various Shoshone and Bannock bands. Among the . . . — Map (db m108542) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone and Bannock TribesHistory Travels Through Fort Hall
(Three panels are mounted in a kiosk located near the Fort Hall Indian Reservation Museum) Panel 1: Shoshone and Bannock Tribes Before settlers came to this region, Shoshone and Bannock tribal members moved with . . . — Map (db m108545) HM
Idaho (Bingham County), Fort Hall — Shoshone-Bannock Tribes: Beyond the Reservation
The Fort Bridger Treaty of 1868 is among the most important documents created between the U.S. government and the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes. In addition to affirming the establishment of the Fort Hall Reservation, the Fort Bridger Treaty reserved the . . . — Map (db m108541) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — 413 — Magic Reservoir
Water from deep snow that falls on high mountain ridges north of here is stored each Spring in this reservoir to irrigate farm land near Shoshone and Richfield. Big Wood River flows past some hills that separate this valley from a broad plain . . . — Map (db m110116) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — Timmerman Junction Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Five panels in the kiosk deal with the history of Goodale's Cutoff and the surrounding area) Idaho's Emigrant Trails Westward-bound emigrants entered Idaho after crossing Thomas Fork Valley. They soon encountered the climb . . . — Map (db m110138) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Bellevue — 154 — Wood River Mines
Rich strikes in 1879 led to a rush in the lead and silver mines of this valley. The famous Minnie Moore Mine alone produced a total of $8.4 million worth of ore. Mining quickly brought a railroad and prosperity. The Ketchum smelter pioneered . . . — Map (db m110115) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — 354 — Goodale's Cutoff
When emigrants began to take their westbound wagons along an old Indian and trapper’s trail past this lava, they had to develop a wild and winding road. At this spot, like many others, they had hardly enough space to get by. At times, they . . . — Map (db m4650) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Carey — Water and Lava
As the pioneers passed through this parched landscape they were happy to find any available water. Most water is soaked up like a giant sponge when it reaches the lava fields, but here, small creeks to the north cover the porous lava rock with a . . . — Map (db m109897) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — Bullion Block Site/Werthheimer Building101 S. Main St.
The original building on this site, called the Bullion Block, was constructed in 1882. It was at this time that Hailey became the county seat of Alturas County after a bitterly fought election with Bellevue, and the existing county seat, Rocky Bar. . . . — Map (db m110109) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — J.C. Fox Building115 S. Main St.
J.C. Fox, the original owner of the building and one of Hailey's founders, had it erected in 1920 after operating a general store three doors up the street for almost forty years. He served as mayor for two years and was vice-president of the Hailey . . . — Map (db m110113) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — J.J. Tracy Building111 S. Main St.
The J.J. Tracy Building was built as a drug store in 1906 by John J. Tracy. Already a pharmacist at the age of twenty-two, Tracy migrated to the West, spending three months in Kelton, Utah where he met William T. Riley, an entrepreneur and early . . . — Map (db m110111) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — Rialto Hotel201 S. Main St.
In 1934, Julio Astoriquia and his wife Maria Astoriquia invested their hard-saved money to buy two lots on Main Street in Hailey for construction of a hotel. Julio emigrated from the Basque region of Spain to the United States in 1913. He worked as . . . — Map (db m110114) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Hailey — W.H. Watt Building120 N. Main St.
The Watt Building is connected in local memory with W.H. Watt, who had the building erected as a bank. An 1889 fire that demolished the business district of Hailey left few buildings still standing. The rear portion of the building, which may date . . . — Map (db m110108) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 302 — Alexander Ross
Searching the mountain wilderness for beaver, Alexander Ross came up Wood River and discovered this summit, Sept. 18, 1824. Leading a large brigade of Hudson's Bay Company trappers, he wondered whether he ever could get through unknown . . . — Map (db m110051) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 484 — Galena
After Warren P. Callahan located a rich lead-silver mine here, April 26, 1876, thousands of eager treasure-hunters joined in a rush to Wood River in 1880 Successful prosectors discovered valuable lodes from here to Bellevue. Galena has a . . . — Map (db m110052) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — Ketchum
Pioneering explorer Alexander Ross visited the valley in search of beaver in 1821. The Hudson's Bay Company reported the area as "promising." Ketchum's short mining era began in 1879, after the Sheepeater War and the relocation of the Native . . . — Map (db m110105) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 292 — Salmon River
Rising as a small stream in the valley to the south, the Salmon winds 420 miles across Idaho before flowing into Snake River. Discovered in 1895 by Lewis and Clark, and explored with great difficulty by fur traders and prospectors, the . . . — Map (db m110050) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 364 — Sawtooth City
Gold discoveries on Beaver Creek in 1879 led to mining activity near here that summer, but major production was delayed until 1886. By 1885, Sawtooth City had three saloons, two restaurants, a meat market, a store, a Chinese laundry, and . . . — Map (db m110045) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 329 — Ski Lifts
When Sun Valley Lodge was built in 1936, Union Pacific engineers developed chair lifts to transport skiers uphill. Starting with two modest ski slopes on Dollar Mountain and Proctor Mountain, chair lifts were used for all Sun Valley ski . . . — Map (db m110054) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 2007 — The Congregational Church
The First Congregational Church of Ketchum, Idaho was built in 1884 during expansion of the Church across America. By the late 1840's, Christian abolitionists gained strength in the struggle against slavery. Unwilling to remain in the union of . . . — Map (db m110106) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — The Lewis Ore Wagons
Horace Lewis began the "Ketchum Fast Freight Line" soon after the town was founded on August 2, 1880. The first load of ore was carried from the Elkhorn mine to the railroad at Kelton, Utah. These monstrous wagons with six-foot wheels known as "The . . . — Map (db m110104) HM
Idaho (Blaine County), Ketchum — 235 — Vienna
Levi Smiley found gold on Smiley Creek in 1878, and E.M. Wilson discovered a still richer lode 8 miles above here near Vienna, on June 4, 1879. Before shutting down in 1886, Vienna was a thriving mining camp with a $200,000 twenty-stamp . . . — Map (db m110048) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Grandjean — 435 — Emile Grandjean
An immigrant from Denmark where he had studied forestry, he came to this part of Idaho in 1883 to mine, hunt and trap. Before Idaho became a state in 1890, he built a winter cabin below Grandjean Peak on a site later occupied by Grandjean Ranger . . . — Map (db m22638) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Horseshoe Bend — 278 — Horse Shoe Bend
Gold was struck in Boise Basin (over the ridge to the east) in 1862, and the rush to these new mines came through here. Traffic came by steamer up the Columbia to Umatilla, and thence overland. At first there were only pack and saddle trains, but . . . — Map (db m23235) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — Boise County Courthouse
In July of 1871 construction began on this handsome brick building, which was completed by October of the same year. The building was built by C.S. and E.A. Kingsley as a general store. Several businesses have occupied this building . . . — Map (db m109935) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — George Kettler's Blacksmith Shop1889
Originally George Kettler’s Blacksmith Shop with ox and horseshoeing sheds on both sides. In more recent years it was owned by Tom and Florence Adams. From 1948 – 1975 they published the “Idaho Mountaineer” newspaper and . . . — Map (db m110260) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 188 — Grimes' Creek
Named for George Grimes who, with Moses Splawn, led the party which on August 2, 1862 made the strike that started the Boise basin gold rush. The party was searching for a rich basin described to Splawn a year earlier by an Indian. Farther up . . . — Map (db m22600) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 186 — Idaho City
This roaring metropolis was founding early in October, 1862, about ten weeks after gold was discovered in Boise basin. By the next summer, this was the largest city in the Northwest, with 6,275 people -- 5,691 of them men! Families followed, and . . . — Map (db m22601) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — The Idaho World
In September of 1863 the pioneer printers Joseph & Thomas Butler founded the newspaper called the “Boise News.” It was later changed to the “Idaho World.” The Idaho World boasts the title of Idaho’s oldest newspaper. . . . — Map (db m109942) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Idaho City — 266 — The Old Toll Road
The Old Toll Road to Idaho City crossed the ridge from Boise through the lowest point you can see in the skyline across the valley. Climbing the More's creek canyon wall, it crossed this highway about here and swung north. The road was built and . . . — Map (db m22599) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — A Community in TroubleMore Help Arrived Soon
At 4:00pm on July 29, the Lowman Fire exploded, consuming five square miles of forest. In two hours it grew into a fire storm that destroyed parts of the dispersed Lowman community. Saving lives was the first priority of fire fighters who . . . — Map (db m110747) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 442 — Emma Edwards
A talented artist, Emma Edwards went to work in 1890 to to design Idaho's state seal when she was only 18 years old. Although her father had moved to California after serving as governor of Missouri (1844 to 1848), Emma preferred to spend much of . . . — Map (db m22637) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — Life in a Fire Camp
Imagine, the battle against this immense fire was launched from this small Ranger Station! More than 2,300 people came from all over the country to work on the fire lines. Many of them lived in “fire camps” scattered around the . . . — Map (db m110749) HM
Idaho (Boise County), Lowman — 444 — Lowman
In 1907, Nathaniel W. Lowman settled here, and four years later, when he started a post office in his large log house, this community was named for him. Only a few scattered settlers lived here then. Lowman got all its supplies once a year from a . . . — Map (db m22616) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — David Thompson & Finnan MacDonald
At Mamaloose Point, two miles South, Kullyspell house, first trading post in Idaho, was built September, 1809 by David Thompson and Finnan Macdonald — Map (db m112928) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Ice DamFilled This Basin as Far as You Can See — Glaciers moved south from Canada spreading across the lake and rivers
Glaciers advanced and retreated a dozen times or more Damming Glacial Lake Missoula Bursting with gargantuan force Flooding areas 400 miles away Shaping today's landscape in Idaho, Washington and Oregon Glacial ice above . . . — Map (db m73493) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Glacial Lake Missoulaand the floods that shaped the Northwest
Force of energy unleashed was hundreds of times the explosive energy of Mt. Saint Helens Flood events occurred more than a dozen times before the last torrential cataclysm of 12-15,000 years ago Glacial Lake Missoula and the Channeled . . . — Map (db m73495) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — Hope & East HopeMeet Traders and Merchants in Their Railroad and Timber Communities
Henrietta Tugboat for Hope Lumber Original Thornton School Spring Creek ca 1909 1894 Flood Changed Landscape Destroyed buildings along the tracks Floodwaters at level of present highway . . . — Map (db m73480) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — 148 — Kullyspell House
Idaho’s fur trade began in the fall of 1809 when David Thompson built a trading post 2.5 miles southwest of here. Kullyspell House (Thompson spelled “Kalispell” that way) was the earliest fur trade post in the American . . . — Map (db m112927) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Hope — 320 — Lake Pend Oreille
When the last of the continental ice sheets blocked this valley, a great lake extended over 200 miles into Montana. Ice about as high as the mountain ridges held back water as deep as 800 to 1000 feet at Missoula, ten to twenty thousand . . . — Map (db m73490) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Oldtown — Albeni Falls
...the falls As you look down at the Pend Oreille (Pond O'Ray) River and Albeni Falls Dam (Albany) you may be looking for the falls. In 1887 a 26 year-old French Canadian farmer living in Blanchard, Idaho, also wondered where the falls . . . — Map (db m109902) HM
Idaho (Bonner County), Oldtown — Albeni Falls Dam at a Glance
Harnessing the Flow During the year, the Corps of Engineers regulates the flow of wter through the dam. Water is released from Lake Pend Oreille to maintain seasonal lake elevations and to adjust for rain and snowmelt. Water at . . . — Map (db m109906) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 224 — Eagle Rock Ferry
On June 20, 1863, Bill Hickman started a ferry 9 miles up Snake River for thousands of gold hunters headed for mines that now are in Montana. Named for an eagle that had a nest on a rock there, his ferry flourished until James Madison . . . — Map (db m70584) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 34 — Eagle Rock Meeting House
Marking the site of the first Latter-Day Saints meeting house, built in 1885. This was the first building erected in this community for religious purposes. The building was 16 X 28 feet costing $450.00, money for which was obtained by donation. . . . — Map (db m109814) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — Idaho Falls Idaho Temple
The Idaho Falls Temple, visible across the Snake River, was the first temple constructed by The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints in Idaho. Construction began in 1939 and was completed in 1945. The temple’s soaring tower draws the eye . . . — Map (db m110540) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — Keefer's Island
Keefer’s Island occupies 1.85 acres and is located approximately ¼ mile south (downstream) from a cut in the Snake River known as John’s Hole. Keefer’s Island was named for Fred. W. Keefer, a member of a prominent family in the early days of Eagle . . . — Map (db m110484) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — Native American Encampments
The earliest known human occupation of the Idaho Falls area reaches back about 1,200 years, according to archaeological evidence. The bones of mammoths, ground sloths, camels, and other extinct mammals, discovered in association with Native . . . — Map (db m110497) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — Prisoners of War in Idaho Falls
After German Field Marshall Erwin Rommel’s North African Army surrendered on May 13, 1943, the allies had approximately 275,000 prisoners-of-war in their possession. During 1945, 15,000 of the prisoners lived and worked in Idaho. Rupert, Idaho . . . — Map (db m110477) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 183 — Snake River Bridge
On December 10, 1864 a franchise was granted to Edward M. Morgan, James M. (Matt) Taylor, and William F. Bartlett to operate a ferry one and one-half miles below Cedar Island and build a bridge over Snake River at Black Canyon. Mr. Taylor selected . . . — Map (db m70571) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 223 — Taylor's Bridge
Idaho’s earliest toll bridge spanned Snake River at this rocky site in 1865, replacing Eagle Rock Ferry, 9 miles upstream. James Madison Taylor (a relative of Presidents Madison and Taylor and a founder of Denver, Colorado) settled here in . . . — Map (db m70583) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 30 — The Idaho Falls LDS Hospital and School of Nursing
The idea of the hospital was conceived by Heber C. Austin with construction commencing in 1919, though the completion of the building was delayed because of a depressed economy. On 22 October 1923, the hospital was dedicated by President Heber J. . . . — Map (db m109826) HM
Idaho (Bonneville County), Idaho Falls — 228 — Upper Snake River Valley Irrigation
The fertile soil and abundance of water in this valley lured pioneer settlers. With small slip scrapers, hand plows, picks and shovels, they cleared sagebrush, built log homes, made canals, ditches and dams to put water on the land. One of . . . — Map (db m109710) HM
Idaho (Boundary County), Bonners Ferry — Moyie River Canyon
(front side) Constructed in 1964, the 1223 ft. long steel truss bridge spans the Moyie River Canyon at a height of 464 ft. It replaces the old bridge built in 1923 and 1.25 miles of narrow, winding highway. It is the second . . . — Map (db m73505) HM
Idaho (Boundary County), Bonners Ferry — Pelton Wheel
This Pelton Wheel provided the power to generate the first electricity from the foot of Myrtle Creek 6 miles west of town, for the Village of Bonners Ferry from 1906 – 1921. — Map (db m109851) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — A Plain of Volcanoes
The shallow arc of Idaho’s Snake River Plain spans southern Idaho, gently rising from west to east. Current theories suggest that the plain marks the path of continental movement over a deep hotspot now lying beneath the Yellowstone Plateau. As the . . . — Map (db m71602)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Arco Veterans Memorial
A Memorial To Those Whose Lives Were Lost In Defense Of Freedom, By Acts Of War Or Terrorism; And A Tribute To The Heroic Actions Of All Patriotic Americans — Map (db m103591) WM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Are We Loving Them to Death?
Walking off trails may be destroying these spatter cones which are some of the rarest volcanic features on the face of the earth. Photographs taken at different times demonstrate that unrestricted visitor use left these fragile volcanic cones . . . — Map (db m80429) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 152 — Atoms for Peace
An important page in atomic history was written here on July 17, 1955, when the lights of Arco were successfully powered from atomic energy. Chosen by the Atomic Energy Commission as an experiment in the peaceful use of atomic power, Arco, Idaho . . . — Map (db m68916) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Boy Scout CaveCraters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve
Look for lava and ice stalactites ("lavacicles" and "icicles") on the ceiling and walls of this lava tube. They were formed by dripping hot lava and melting ice. Born of fire, this cave now retains ice year-round—a cool place to visit on a hot . . . — Map (db m92943)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Devil's Orchard TrailCraters of the Moon National Monument
Two thousand years ago, nearby volcanoes erupted so violently that they tore themselves apart. Rivers of lava floated huge chunks of crater wall down to this spot. Time passed. Rocks crumbled. The seeds of rabbitbrush and limber pine root in the . . . — Map (db m70604) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — EBR-I
EBR-I World’s first Nuclear Power plant — Map (db m103900) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Get over it!Craters of the Moon National Monument
“To understand the West, you have to get over the color green; you have to quit associating beauty with gardens and lawns…” Wallace Stegner. What was drinking up 80% of the water used in this park? Lawns. *Planting lawns . . . — Map (db m70600) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Hawkbill Base
The United States Submarine Force Has lost 65 submarines and more Than 4,027 crewmembers are still on Final patrol since submarines became Part of the Naval Service in 1900 It Is Well That They Should Be Remembered 1915 - USS F-4 . . . — Map (db m103593) WM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Indian TunnelCraters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve
Indian Tunnel is named for the mysterious stone circles that lie near the path to this large lava tube. Ancient stone structures are visible in many locations throughout the Monument. Archeologists believe that some of these structures may have had . . . — Map (db m92944)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Just Down The RoadCraters of the Moon National Monument
The Strangest 75 square miles on the North American continent -Comment from an early traveler. The landscape before you was explosively created by volcanic eruptions. Cracks in the earth’s crest allowed lava to blast, . . . — Map (db m70597) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Just Down the RoadCraters of the Moon National Monument
The Strangest 75 square miles on the North American continent Comment from an early traveler The landscape before you was explosively created by volcanic eruptions. Cracks in the earth's crust allowed lava to blast, plop, . . . — Map (db m92942)
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 304 — Lost River
When its water is not diverted for upstream irrigation, Lost River flows past here into a sink 14 miles to the northeast. Lava flows in the Snake River plains buried old channels of Lost River, Little Lost River, and Birch Creek. No longer able . . . — Map (db m70448) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Mk 14 Torpedo
Mk 14 Torpedo Statistics Length: 20.5 feet Diameter: 21 inches Weight: 3300 pounds Range: 5500 to 9000 yards Propulsion: Steam Turbine History The Mark 14 torpedo was introduced into the navy in 1929. The warhead contained 507 pounds . . . — Map (db m103596) WM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — North Crater Flow TrailCraters of the Moon National Monument
Here in the path of a lava flow you can view a variety of volcanic features, now frozen in time. The trail crosses over the most recent of several successive flows that originated from the North Crater area. As you walk the path, imagine slow moving . . . — Map (db m70602) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — North Crater Lava FlowCraters of the Moon National Monument
After centuries of rest, North Crater stirred once more. The old crater wall broke open and lava poured out carrying great chunks of broken wall. Again it rested. About 2000 years ago, lava flowed out for the last time. — Map (db m70603) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — 297 — Nuclear Reactors
Since 1949, more nuclear reactors – over 50 of them – have been built on this plain than anywhere else in the world. This 900-square-mile Idaho National Laboratory is the birthplace of the Nuclear Navy. Commercial power reactor . . . — Map (db m70447) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Prehistory and Recent History
Big Southern Butte -- A Waypoint for Thousands of Years “Just passing through, ma’ma” The harsh conditions on the plain discouraged most long-term settlement, but Big Southern Butte was a clear waypoint. In the 1800s, travelers headed . . . — Map (db m70573) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — USS Hawkbill (SSN-666)
USS Hawkbill (SSN-666) Class: (Sturgeon Variant) Sturgeon Built At: Mare Island Naval Shipyard Keel Laid: 12 September 1966 Launched: 2 April 1969 Christening: Mrs. Bernard F. Roeder Commissioned: 4 February 1971 First Commanding . . . — Map (db m103649) WM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — USS S-27
USS S-27 USS S-27 (SS-132) was one of 52 United States Submarines Lost In World War ll S-27 was commissioned on 22 January, 1924 under command of Lt. Herbert Jukes S-27 was lost in the early morning hours of 19 June, 1942 When she ran . . . — Map (db m103595) WM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Vanishing Landmark
From this vantage point, you gaze across 25 miles of lava to Big Southern Butte. Early pioneers, following Goodale’s Cutoff from the Oregon Trail, used this land mark to navigate around the rugged lavas of the Snake River Plain. As a traveler today, . . . — Map (db m70595) HM
Idaho (Butte County), Arco — Where's the Volcano?
Say the word volcano and usually the image flashes to mind of a single great symmetrical cone. But, the volcanic activity in Craters of the Moon National Monument and the Snake River Plain has taken a different form. Parallel cracks in the . . . — Map (db m71601)
Idaho (Butte County), Howe — 227 — John Day’s River
John Day’s River Fur traders named this stream for John Day, a pioneer trapper who died in the valley north of here, Feb. 16, 1820 John Day had started west with John Jacob Astor’s Pacific Fur Company that discovered Snake River . . . — Map (db m103827) HM
Idaho (Camas County), Fairfield — 277 — Bannock War
Angered by white encroachment on Camas Prairie lands which had been guaranteed to the Bannock Indians by treaty, Buffalo Horn's band went to war May 30, 1878 Trouble had been brewing on the reservation for years, and the government had . . . — Map (db m110141) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — A.K. Steunenberg / Frank Steunenberg
Second generation Hollanders, the 10 Steunenberg children (6 boys, 4 girls) lived their formative years in Knoxville, Iowa. A.K. (Albert Keppel) Steunenberg, answering an advertisement for a printer, came to Caldwell in the late 1880's. He called . . . — Map (db m110215) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — Caldwell Train Depot
In 1884, the Oregon Short Line Railroad reached "Bugtown," later renamed Caldwell after C.A. "Alexander" Caldwell, who served as the President of the Idaho & Oregon Land Improvement Company at the time. The current depot facility is actually the . . . — Map (db m110213) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — 455 — Emigrant Crossing
After reaching Boise River, emigrant wagons had to travel 30 miles to find a good crossing about 1/4 mile north of here. They had to avoid a wide zone of shifting channels, so they descended Canyon Hill where the route is still visible. In . . . — Map (db m22326) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Caldwell — 291 — The College of Idaho
Planned by the Presbyterians of southern Idaho in 1884 and opened with 19 students in 1891, this is Idaho's oldest college. William Judson Boone, the founder, remained president 45 years. From a modest beginning with a faculty of 8 (including two . . . — Map (db m26193) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — Givens Hot Springs
Milford and Martha (Mattie) Shirley Givens pulled up Missouri roots and headed west in 1878, apparently bound for Portland, Oregon where relatives were settled. Their journey eventually led them along the South Alternative Route of the Oregon Trail. . . . — Map (db m47134) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Givens Hot Springs — 358 — Givens Springs
Natural hot water available here has been a popular attraction for thousands of years. A winter village site for about 5000 years, these hot springs had large pit houses typical of plateau communities northwest of here from 4,300 to about . . . — Map (db m47336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Melba — Guffey Bridge Snake River Idaho
The historic Guffey Bridge is an elegant Parker-through truss railroad bridge, the State’s largest artifact, and the site of the most spectacular train wreck in Idaho. The Boise, Nampa and Owyhee Railroad (BNO), was organized by owner Col. Wm. . . . — Map (db m73344) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Hostility Erupts Into ViolenceWard Massacre
On August 20, 1854, the Alexander Ward Party of 20 men, women, and children were traveling on the Oregon Trail with five wagons, a day behind a larger party led by Alexander Yantis. The Wards pulled their wagons off the Trail for lunch and to water . . . — Map (db m22398) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Peaceful Trading Turns HostileWard Massacre
In the 1830's, local tribes, including the Shoshone, Paiute, and Bannock began trading with Euro-American fur trappers and missionaries passing through southern Idaho. Peaceful exchanges beneficial to both groups increased in 1842 when wagon trains . . . — Map (db m22333) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — 75 — The Ward Massacre
Only 2 young boys survived the Indian attack on Alexander Ward's 20 member party, Oregon bound on August 20, 1854. Military retaliation for the slaughter so enraged the Indians that Hudson's Bay Co. posts Fort Boise and Fort Hall had to be . . . — Map (db m22328) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — To the Memory of the PioneersWard Massacre Memorial
To the memory of the pioneers who were massacred by Indians near this spot August 20, 1854. This monument is dedicated by Pioneer Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution Boise, Idaho William Ward       Age 44 Margaret Ward        "   . . . — Map (db m22336) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Middleton — Violence is AvengedWard Massacre
In early September, 1854, Major Granville Hallar set out with a US military force from their post in Oregon to avenge the Ward-party deaths. Upon arrival at the rebuilt Hudson Bay's Fort Boise near the mouth of the Boise River, the Indians they . . . — Map (db m22366) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Nampa — 415 — Northwest Nazarene University
In 1913, Eugene Emerson started a Christian school that his church developed into an accredited college on a campus he donated. The college, located on a campus 2 mile southwest of here, moved to university status in 1999. Northwest Nazarene . . . — Map (db m73204) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Notus — 361 — Lower Boise
Confederate refugees from Missouri started farming in this area in 1863 and 1864, when gold and silver mining camps created a great demand for flour and cattle. Driven out from their Missouri River homes below Kansas City by extremely bitter Civil . . . — Map (db m21988) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Parma — 78 — Marie Dorion
An Iowa Indian who came through here with Wilson Price Hunt's fur trappers in 1811, Marie Dorion spent an incredible winter in this region in 1814. She and her two infant children were sole survivors of a mid-January Bannock Indian clash at John . . . — Map (db m21995) HM
Idaho (Canyon County), Parma — 85 — Old Fort Boise
An important Hudson's Bay Company fur trade post was established in 1834 four miles west of here on the bank of the Snake River. Fur trading declined, but this British post became famous for its hospitality to American travellers on the Oregon . . . — Map (db m21992) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Bancroft — 337 — Chesterfield
In 1879, Mormon farmers from Utah settled Chesterfield, 16 miles north of here. Based on Joseph Smith's Zion Plat, Chesterfield was laid out on an orderly grid of large blocks separated by wide streets with the Meeting House on the highest . . . — Map (db m106773) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Bancroft — 161 — Hudspeth's Cutoff
In the summer of 1849, the California Gold Rush was diverted this way in search of a more direct route to the mines. Stampeding 49'ers would try anything to save miles and time in their rush for California's gold: the regular Oregon and . . . — Map (db m106774) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Freedom — Pioneer Historic Byway
Chesterfield Chesterfield established in 1879, is an early Mormon settlement on the Oregon Trail. The town features 23 historic brick buildings built between 1884 and 1904, including the old Chesterfield store. Chesterfield is on the . . . — Map (db m109912) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Grace — Last Chance Canal
Blocked by lava eruptions at least 140,000 years ago, the Bear River was diverted from draining into the Snake River system. It was forced to drain southward into what were then lakes Thatcher and Bonneville and is now the Great Salt Lake. The . . . — Map (db m109914) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Henry — Henry-Chester Country Store
Founded by a Dutch pioneer about 1884, Henry thrived as a center for cattle ranchers of the area and the transient sheep operators. A large sheep-shearing corral was built one mile south of Henry. It operated about 60 days each year as large range . . . — Map (db m109951) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — "It Roars Like a Mad Dragon"S.E. Matthews, Soda Springs Geyer Corporation, December 1937
Many Oregon & California bound emigrants mention seeing ten to twelve foot hight white mounds and cones in their diaries and journals while passing through the Soda Springs area in the mid-1800s. Often, one of the first natural curiosities that they . . . — Map (db m106251) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — A Grand VisionBrigham Young Summer Cabin
The first Mormon emigrants arrived in the Salt Lake Valley in 1847 and immediately began laying the groundwork for the small settlement that would become Salt Lake City. Church President Brigham Young however, had a much grander vision for his . . . — Map (db m35469) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — A New Beginning...Morrisite Settlement
Claiming to have received "revelations" to warn Mormon leader Brigham Young that he was "wandering from the right course," a Welshman named Joseph Morris came under rebuke in 1862 for speaking out against Mormon doctrines. Growing hostilities . . . — Map (db m106709) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 220 — Bear River Lava
Until about 28,000 years ago, Bear River used to flow northwest from here through Portneuf Canyon into Snake River. Then these lava eruption blocked that route, diverting Bear River south into what now is Salt Lake. At that time a large . . . — Map (db m106728) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 260 — Brigham Young Summer Home
On this site in 1870, the first house in Soda Springs, Uppertown was built under the direction of John Walmsley. It was a one room log cabin twenty-two by eighteen feet, with floor, windows, and shingle roof, known as the Brigham Young Summer Home. . . . — Map (db m35466) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — 218 — Camp Connor
Col. P.E. Connor set up the old town of Soda Springs, now mostly flooded, and an adjacent army post near here May 20, 1863. The gold rush to Idaho had greatly increased traffic on the Oregon Trail, and the post was needed to protect travelers . . . — Map (db m105972) HM
Idaho (Caribou County), Soda Springs — Caribou MountainThe Only Gold Rush in Southeastern Idaho
The magnet of gold In 1870, high in the remote Caribou Range of the middle Rocky Mountains, in southeastern Idaho, gold was discovered by intrepid gold-seekers. Tales of gold and wealth drew thousands to the West during the mid-19th century . . . — Map (db m106213) HM

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