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Historical Markers in Nova Scotia

467 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 267
 
Acadian Dykeland Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 17, 2014
Acadian Dykeland Marker
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Acadian DykelandLes terres endiguées des Acadiens
English When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes. The . . . — Map (db m78488) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Annapolis Royal Historic DistrictL’arrondissement historique d’Annapolis Royal
English From its strategic setting, Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi’kmaq meeting place, the townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the . . . — Map (db m78670) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Captures of Port Royal1654 (&) 1710
In commemoration of the captures of Port Royal by New England expeditions under Maj. Robert Sedgwick 1654 and Colonel Francis Nicholson 1710. In this second expedition Col. Samuel Vetch was Adjutant-General. There were 36 transports, 4 ships of 60 . . . — Map (db m78439) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that . . . — Map (db m78605) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650) —
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William . . . — Map (db m78486) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valour — Map (db m78442) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . — Map (db m78606) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Early Use of SiteL’utilisation de l’endroit à l’origine
English Before you, the Allain and Annapolis rivers meet, creating a stopping place used by travelers for many centuries. The Annapolis River makes access to the site easy, while the natural rise of land provides a good view downstream. . . . — Map (db m78483) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Fort Anne, a Bastioned FortLe Fort Anne, fort à bastions
English Forts like this are called bastioned forts after one other principal pars - the bastion. The fort’s shape creates areas of crossfire which allow the land surrounding the fort to be moere easily defended. From the late 1600s to the . . . — Map (db m78598) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Glebe LandsHistoric Lower Saint George Street
The modern-day market in Annapolis Royal sits on land that for much of the town’s history was church property. The earliest Roman Catholic Church, built of stone, was located next to the fort and destroyed following Sir William Phips’ capture of . . . — Map (db m78720) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . — Map (db m78491) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Major Erasmus James Philipps
. . . — Map (db m78700) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Masonic Stone of 1606
1738 - 2013 This replica of the Masonic stone of 1606 was presented to the Masons of Nova Scotia as a gift from the Most Wor. Bro. Roy F. Lively past Grand Master of Nova Scotia 2008-2009 commemorating the 275th Anniversary of Masonry in Nova . . . — Map (db m78668) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Port-Royal
English When the French first came to the Annapolis Basin, Samuel de Champlain called it “Port-Royal” in recognition of its great size. Eventually, the area surrounding the basin and along the Annapolis River became known as . . . — Map (db m78449) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Queen’s WharfLe Quai de la Couronne
English Since the 1740s, three wharves have been built where the ruins of the Queen’s Wharf now lie. Everything the fort needed was landed on the wharf: troops, provisions, weapons and much more. It served the needs of the military until . . . — Map (db m78445) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Rose FortuneIndependent Businesswoman, Port Constable — femme d’affaires indépendante, Port Constable —
English Rose Fortune is a uniquely intriguing figure in Nova Scotia history. An independent businesswoman of African descent, she demonstrated remarkable character and indomitable resolve in her varied enterprises. Operating a . . . — Map (db m78671) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Samuel Vetch
English Adjutant-General of the force under Colonel Francis Nicholson which captured Port Royal, Capital of Acadia, in 1710. First Governor and Commander-in-Chief. A notable figure in colonial history. An able soldier and administrator. . . . — Map (db m78482) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sieur de Monts
To the illustrious memory of Lieut. Gen’l Timothé Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts, the pioneer of civilization in North America, who discovered and explored the adjacent river, A.D. 1604, and founded on its banks the first settlement of . . . — Map (db m78443) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sinclair InnL’auberge Sinclair
English The Sinclair Inn is an important document in the history of building in Atlantic Canada. In the 1780s, tavern-keeper Frederick Sinclair created this inn by combining two existing structures. Both were frame, and the walls of one . . . — Map (db m78701) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Fenwick Williams
This tablet marks the Site of the Brith-place of General Sir William Fenwick Williams Baronet 1799 - 1883 “The Hero of Kars” Pasha of Turkey. Grand Officier Legion of Honour, France. Member of the British Parliament. . . . — Map (db m78672) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sir William Robert Wolseley Winniett.
. . . — Map (db m78698) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In . . . — Map (db m78601) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important . . . — Map (db m78603) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . — Map (db m78702) HM
Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — William WolseleyPhilipps Cosby
Two plaques share a common stand. William Wolseley 1756-1842 English William Wolseley was born at Annapolis Royal, the son of an officier of the garrison. He entered the Royal Navy in 1769, and served with . . . — Map (db m78607) HM
Nova Scotia (Antigonish County), Antigonish — St. James United Church
The congregation of St. James was founded in 1804. The present day church was built in 1862. Our ten original memorial windows were installed and dedicated in 1911. They use Christian symbolism to uplift the spirit. St. James has had three church . . . — Map (db m139424) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Glace Bay — Marconi Wireless Station / La Station de Communication Sans Fil de Marconi
English: Having demonstrated the feasibility of transatlantic wireless communication in 1901, Guglielmo Marconi established a permanent station on Cape Breton Island in 1902. When the original Table Head site proved too . . . — Map (db m139300) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Glace Bay — Transatlantic Wireless / T.S.F. Transatlantique / Radiotelegrafico Transatlantico
English: In 1901 Signor Guglielmo Marconi received the first transatlantic radio message at Signal Hill in St. John’s. On 15 December, 1902, he sent the first West to East message from a new station at Table Head to Poldhu, . . . — Map (db m139201) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 19th-Century LighthouseLe phare construit au XIXᵉ siècle
English: During the first half of the 19th century maritime officials took steps to reduce the many navigational risks and shipwrecks along the eastern seaboard of Canada. One of the new lighthouses put up was at Louisbourg, in 1842. It . . . — Map (db m79965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Canada’s First ObservatoryLe premier observatoire au Canada
Three panels are located at this site. Chabert’s Mission / La mission du marquis de Chabert English: In 1750 the Marquis de Chabert, a French astronomer, was commissioned to go to North America to correct the maps of . . . — Map (db m142944) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — First LighthouseLe premier phare
English: Here are the ruins of Louisbourg’s first light, the earliest to be erected in Canada and the second in North America. Lit in 1734, it was badly damaged in a fire two years later, then quickly repaired. The replacement lantern was . . . — Map (db m142960) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — First Lighthouse Tower
English: On this site was erected by France, in 1731, the first Lighthouse Tower, constructed of fireproof materials, in North America. Near here the British erected batteries to silence the defensive works erected by France. In 1745, . . . — Map (db m79967) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Fizel HouseMaison Fizel
English: These are the remains of a two and a half storey masonry house built in the late 1730s for merchant and militia captain Julien Fizel and his wife Françoise Tetard. The house served several purposes: the basement was used as . . . — Map (db m142961) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . — Map (db m79915) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . — Map (db m79968) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel . . . — Map (db m142962) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Kennelly Point
English: This point of land is named after Capt. D.J. Kennelly (ca. 1831-1907), who had a house near here during the late 19th century. An Irish-born industrialist who came to Cape Breton during the 1870s, Kennelly was captivated by . . . — Map (db m142963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . — Map (db m142964) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Louisbourg HarbourLe port de Louisbourg
English: Louisbourg’s destiny has been largely shaped by its harbour. Well-protected, relatively deep and close to the fishing banks, it was the harbour that attracted the French to settle here in the 1700s. In the 19th century ice-free . . . — Map (db m79963) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Marie Marguerite Rose(1717-1757)
English: Captured in Africa at the age of 19 and transported to Ile Royale, where she was sold to a member of the colonial elite, Marie Marguerite Rose is seen to be a key figure of the initial phase of Black slavery in Canada. Gaining her . . . — Map (db m79917) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Slavery / FreedomEsclavage / Liberté
Two panels make up this marker Slavery / Esclavage English: Marie Marguerite Rose was the name given to a young woman captured in Guinea, Africa, sold to French traders and brought to Louisbourg in 1736 as a slave for . . . — Map (db m79918) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — 9 — Sydney and Louisbourg Railway Museum
Cape Breton’s mining industry dictated the need of an outlet in Louisbourg to link the various railways around Sydney with Louisbourg’s ice-free harbour, allowing for year-round shipping of coal. The first attempt in 1873 was a narrow, poorly . . . — Map (db m142965) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . — Map (db m79941) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year . . . — Map (db m142966) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . — Map (db m79938) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — First Boy Scout Troop in North America
The first Boy Scout Troop in North America was formed in this village in 1908 by William Glover (1874-1949), a bookkeeper at the North Atlantic Colliery. He was master of the local Masonic Lodge and director of the St. Paul's Anglican Church Choir. . . . — Map (db m139294) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Flint Island Light Station
Flint Island is a treeless little republic sitting in the Atlantic six miles east of Port Morien. The nearest landfall is the Northern Head, approximately two miles west. It is an estimated 800 yards long and 140 yards wide. The first lighthouse . . . — Map (db m144074) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Gowrie and North Atlantic Collieries
In 1861, Archibald and Company, a family-run business from North Sydney, opened the Gowrie Mine in Cow Bay. It was the most successful mining operation in Cape Breton in the 19th Century. Preliminary mining commenced at an old pit near the shore. . . . — Map (db m144075) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — L'industrie du Charbon au Canada / Canada's Coal Industry
Français: Deux mille pieds au sud-est de cet endroit se trouvent les vestiges de la première exploitation régulière d’une mine de charbon en Amérique, commencée par le Français en 1720. Cette industrie, modeste à son origine, est . . . — Map (db m139292) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Bay
The history of the village of Port Morien, rooted as it was in mining and fishing, is tightly entwined with Morien Bay itself. The Mi'kmaq name was "Noolektooch", (Noo-lack-took) meaning "place jammed with ice", or "bivouacking place". Early . . . — Map (db m144077) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Businesses of the Past
Joseph Talmage (J.T.) Irwin purchased a parcel of land in 1917 on the south side of Breakwater Street, with the intention of building an all-purpose store. He operated it for several years. At his death in 1934, his wife, Charlotte, and their . . . — Map (db m144071) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien Institutions
Schooling in Port Morien and Area Records show that schooling in Cow Bay goes back to 1826. There was a school at Gowrie Mine in 1862, and it burned down in 1880. In 1867, there was a school at South Head, destroyed by fire in 1890, rebuilt, . . . — Map (db m144072) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — Morien's Legacy
The Port Morien Project In the year 2000, a group of interested citizens met to revive an organization in the community, the Port Morien Development Association. It was an organization active in the late 1960s and early 1970s. On February 9, . . . — Map (db m144073) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — The First Coal Workings in North America
Commercial coal mining began in Port Morien in 1720 after a mine had been opened to supply The Fortress at Louisbourg. This was the first commercial coal mine in North America. After the English victory at Louisbourg in 1758, the mine remained in . . . — Map (db m139293) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Port Morien — The Fishery in Port Morien
The first recorded commercial fishing activity in Cow Bay occurred when the Bourinot family purchased fish, dried them, and supplied the fishermen. Lobster factories could be found in both Port Morien and South Head. The factory owned by David . . . — Map (db m144076) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — J.F.W. DesBarres1722 - 1824
Founder of Sydney, 1785 Lieutenant Governor of Cape Breton — Map (db m78743) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — Joseph Frederick Wallet DesBarres1722-1824
English: A distinguished military engineer, of Huguenot descent, Desbarres served in the British Army in North America during the Seven Years’ War, and participated in the capture of Louisbourg in 1758 and of Quebec in 1759. From . . . — Map (db m140081) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — Sir John George Bourinot1837-1902
English: A native of Sydney, Bourinot was a journalist and legislative reporter in Halifax before joining the parliamentary staff at Ottawa in 1868. From 1880 to 1902 he served as Clerk of the House and was a recognized authority . . . — Map (db m140082) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Sydney — The Development of Whitney Pier / L'essor De Whitney Pier
English: In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, thousands of immigrants came to Cape Breton from Europe, the West Indies, the United States, and elsewhere to work in iron and steel production. Many settled in Whitney Pier, . . . — Map (db m139295) HM
Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Regional Municipality), Victoria Mines — Atlantic Bulwark / Le Rempart de L'Atlantique
English: During the Second World War the Royal Canadian Navy and the Royal Canadian Air Force protected shipping on vital North Atlantic routes which were the lifeline of the Allies. Army units shared in the defence of the . . . — Map (db m140130) HM
Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Balmoral Grist Mill

[1.] Water turbines the power that ran the mill

This illustration shows one type of setup for a turbine driven gristmill.

Illustration from "the Red Mill Reborn". Used with permission of 'Lou Robertella, . . . — Map (db m108181) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Local Granite Stone

You can see where some of the rock has been removed to make a millstone

Located at Kennedy Hill, Central New Annan Donated by Mr. William Woodlock — Map (db m108169) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Sutherland Sawmill Turbine

This turbine came from a sawmill located a few hundred yards upstream of our mill

The saw mill was built ca 1886 by brothers James and Alexander Sutherland. Another brother Robert, built a blacksmith shop on the same property. The . . . — Map (db m108182) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Balmoral Mills — Turbines: From Direct to Indirect Power Production

Turbines began to become commonplace in the mid-1800's and had virtually replaced vertical waterwheels by the mid 1860's.

Below are a number of illustrations showing typical mill setups and power transfer.

In 1881 the Schoellkopf Power . . . — Map (db m108183) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Brule Corner — Duncan MacLanders and Johanne Faulkner

Within this iron fence lies Duncan MacLanders 1788 - 1870 and Johanne Faulkner 1788 - 1876

First of the line to leave the shores of Scotland and seek a freer and fuller life in the New World.

Erected by descendants . . . — Map (db m108165) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Debert — Isgonish-French River Portage
English: This was the chief route of the French and Indians from Cobequid to Isle St. Jean and Louisbourg and later of the British from Halifax to Charlottetown. Français: C’était la route principale des Français . . . — Map (db m139192) HM
Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Lower Truro — First Landing

In 1760-62 near this Head of Cobequid Bay the first English speaking settlers of the Townships of Onslow and Truro landed. Of Ulster Irish, Scottish and English stock, these pioneers were among those brought to Nova Scotia from New England by . . . — Map (db m108717) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Tatamagouche — Naval Encounter at Tatamagouche(15th June, 1745)

In this harbour Capt. David Donahew of New England with three armed vessels surprised Lieut. Paul Marin's allied force en route from Annapolis Royal to Louisbourg. He drove them ashore, disheartened the Canadian Indians and prevented the French . . . — Map (db m108133) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Tatamagouche — War Memorial

In memory of those who gave their lives in the Great War 1914 - 1918

Alexander Henderson • George McIntosh Freeman McLellan • Harry McLellan George Powers • Arthur Rose • William Tattrie Roy Weatherby • George Weatherby Orrin . . . — Map (db m108154) WM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), The Falls — St. Andrew's Presbyterian ChurchThe Falls, Nova Scotia — 1872 - 2002 —

The land for the church was donated by Mr. John R. Hayman and was contracted to be built for the sum of one thousand, four hundred thirty two dollars. The closing service for St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church was held . . . — Map (db m108184) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Centennial of Presbyterian Church Formation in Canada

Legend

This plaque commemorates

The centennial of the formation of the Presbyterian Church in Canada in 1875; The ministry of the Rev. Daniel Cock (1771-1805) of Greenock, Scotland, and the Rev. David Smith (1771-1795) of St. . . . — Map (db m108220) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — First Presbyterian/United Church

Town of Truro Registered Heritage Property

Nova Scotia Provincial Heritage Property — Map (db m108223) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Old Provincial Normal College1877-78

Town of Truro Registered Heritage Property

Nova Scotia Provincial Heritage Property — Map (db m108192) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — The Lumber Jack, circa 1900

The Lumber Jack represents the exciting role Truro has played in development of forestry in Nova Scotia. Truro has always been, and still is today, a centre of forestry activity. The forest industry continues to be the backbone of the local and . . . — Map (db m108243) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — Truro Post Office / Le Bureau de Poste de Truro

This building, opened in 1884, was erected to house the Post Office, Customs and Internal Revenue. Designed under the supervision of federal Chief Architect Thomas Fuller, the Truro Post Office was part of a nation-wide programme to house . . . — Map (db m108244) HM

Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Truro — War MemorialLest We Forget

Erected by the Citizens of Truro

In Honor of the Men who during The Great War 1914 - 18 nobly upheld the honor of the Empire in France and Flanders and gave their lives that right shall prevail

[World War II] 1939 . . . — Map (db m108214) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Edward Barron Chandler1800 - 1880

Born in Amherst, Chandler was called to the New Brunswick bar in 1823. He represented Westmorland in the legislature (1827-36), was a Legislative Councillor (1836-78) and a member of the Executive Council almost continuously between 1844 and . . . — Map (db m107018) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Former Site of Amherst Post Office1935 - 1976

[Title is text] — Map (db m107022) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Jonathan McCully1809 - 1877

Born in Cumberland County, N. S., McCully practised law in Amherst and was appointed to the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia in 1848 serving as Solicitor General and Government leader in the Council (1860-62). As editor of the Halifax . . . — Map (db m108034) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Robert Barry Dickey1811 - 1903
Born in Amherst, educated at Windsor Academy, and called to the bar in 1834, Dickey practiced law in Amherst and sat in the Legislative Council of Nova Scotia (1858-67). A Father of Confederation, he attended both the Charlottetown and Quebec . . . — Map (db m107017) HM
Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — Sir Charles Tupper1821 - 1915

Born at Amherst and educated in medicine, Tupper was elected in 1855 to the Nova Scotia Assembly, becoming Premier in 1864. In alliance with John A. Macdonald, he skilfully manoeuvered unwilling Nova Scotians into Confederation. Having held . . . — Map (db m108038) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Amherst — World Wars Memorial

Erected by Senator and Mrs. Curry in memory of their son Captain Leon Hall Curry and his Brothers in Arms from Cumberland County who gave their lives to their country in the Great German War 1914 - 1918

[Roll of Honored . . . — Map (db m108029) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Amherst – Modern Period 1800s and 1900s

A Manufacturing Town All major roads and rail-lines run through Amherst, making it a natural gateway into Nova Scotia. The town is also in the middle of a rich agricultural and coal-mining area.

Amherst became a major manufacturing . . . — Map (db m112104) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin

[Face] The Acadian village of Beaubassin on this site was founded by settlers from Port Royal around 1672. Upon the arrival of Major Charles Lawrence with British troops in April 1750, the French authorities had the village destroyed in . . . — Map (db m106953) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin 1672-1750

This area was the site of the Acadian village of Beaubassin, first known Bourgeois settlement. Raided in 1696 and again in 1703 by a force from Boston under Captain Ben Church. Occupied by French troops in 1746 who travelled on snowshoes in . . . — Map (db m106951) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Early Inhabitants

The First Nations Native peoples have lived around the Chignecto Isthmus for thousands of years. Travelling in family groups and small nomadic bands, they moved from area to area harvesting seasonal food sources.

Early French . . . — Map (db m112112) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Fort Lawrence and English Settlement

Fort Lawrence In the 18th century, the Chignecto Isthmus played an important role in the struggle between France and Britain for North American supremacy. In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht had failed to clearly establish the border of Nova . . . — Map (db m112110) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Natural History

Geology This area is located in the Carboniferous Lowlands of Nova Scotia. The underlying bedrock is sedimentary with varying proportions of sandstone and mudstone. In some areas where the bedrock has been folded, the sandstone has been . . . — Map (db m108707) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Un hommage à/A Tribute to Jacob (Jacques) Bourgeois

Fondateur, vers 1672, de Beaubassin premier établissement dans la région de la rivière Missagouèche et initiateur de l'agriculture maraîchère en Acadie

Jacob Bourgeois arriva à Port-Royal en 1641 à titre de chirurgien pour la colonie . . . — Map (db m107012) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pictou — Simon Newcomb1835-1909

Born at Wallace Bridge, Newcomb moved to the United States in 1853. Graduating from Harvard he became Professor of Mathematics in the U.S. Navy and was assigned to the Naval Observatory. He was soon recognized as an authority on mathematical . . . — Map (db m108085) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pictou — Willard Sterling Boyle, C.C.Inventor / Inventeur — Nobel Laureate (Physics, 2009) / Lauréat du prix Nobel (Physique, 2009) —

Bill was from Wallace, where his grandfather worked in the quarry and kept the lighthouse. His father was the village doctor until their move to the backwoods of northern Quebec. While there, Bill was home schooled by his mother until age 14, . . . — Map (db m108089) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Evolution of Pugwash IndustryOur Harbour • Our Heritage

Pugwash sits on top the largest salt deposit in Atlantic Canada. The train tracks, bridges, and wharves that defined the tapestry of the village infrastructure changed significantly over the decades as local industry evolved, including the . . . — Map (db m108068) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Nova Scotia ClayworksOur Harbour • Our Heritage

While lobster boats have filled the local wharves for generations, the community's most unique feature may have been the 130 ft. (39.6m) smoke stack belonging to Nova Scotia Clayworks on the opposite side of the harbour. Started in 1889, the . . . — Map (db m108078) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash HarbourOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The deep harbour of Pugwash has a long and storied seafaring heritage, with many eras of ships carrying lumber and raw materials up and down the Eastern Seaboard.

[Historic Pugwash photos]

"Peace cannot be kept by force; it can only . . . — Map (db m108080) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash Railway StationOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The Pugwash Railway Station, completed in 1892, is one of only two stations designed by Sir Sandford Fleming that is still standing in Nova Scotia. The station is also famous for its part in the 1957 "Thinkers Conference" where Pugwash native . . . — Map (db m108069) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash StreetscapesOur Harbour • Our Heritage

Historically, the main streets were lined with hotels, merchants, and services one would expect of a long-standing port village. The village endured seven devastating fires between 1877 to 1929 that permanently changed the street-scape . . . — Map (db m108083) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Pugwash Train Station 1961Pugwash Heritage

The station was built in 1888. Rail service to Pugwash commenced in 1890 and ceased in 1993. Five miles of track linked Pugwash to the Shortline at Pugwash Junction. The Shortline ran from Pictou to Oxford Junction linking it with the rail . . . — Map (db m108070) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — The Gathering of the ClansOur Harbour • Our Heritage

All of the community celebrations culminate on Water Street. Canada Day has been celebrated in Pugwash since 1951 with festivities called "The Gathering of the Clans" paying homage to some of its founding settlers. This is also the reason many . . . — Map (db m108076) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — The Mary Crowley MonumentOur Heritage
The Mary Crowley monument is the first public monument in honour of a Canadian-born female. It was erected in 1870 following a unanimous vote of the Nova Scotia Legislature. "Mary E. Crowley lies beneath this sod, a victim to fraternal love, having . . . — Map (db m140763) HM
Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — The Pugwash Conferences and Masonic LodgeOur Harbour • Our Heritage

The Pugwash Conferences on Science & World Affairs

The Pugwash Conferences take their names from the location of the first meeting, held in 1957, in the village of Pugwash, Nova Scotia, birthplace of their host, American philanthropist . . . — Map (db m108075) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Thinkers LodgeThe House That Made Pugwash Famous
”There Can Be No Winners in a Nuclear War.” Russell — Einstein Manifesto, July 9, 1955 A Welcome Retreat In 1955, Cyrus Eaton began hosting meetings of scholars, educators and social reformers in Pugwash. He . . . — Map (db m150367) HM
Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — Thinkers' Lodge
English: In 1957, at the height of the Cold War, the first Pugwash Conference on Science and World Affairs took place in this serene setting. Hosted by philanthropist Cyrus Eaton, top-level scientists from both sides of the Iron . . . — Map (db m140759) HM
Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Pugwash — World Wars Memorial1914 - 1918 • 1939 - 1945 — Lest We Forget —

[Great War Honored Dead] Douglas Langille • Harold Esty Benjamin Percy Erle Benjamin • William McLean Borden Cecil Raymond Richards • Frederick Elias King Frank Demings • Harry Hector McLellan Andrew Gray McPherson • George Selig . . . — Map (db m108059) WM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — Saint Matthew's Presbyterian ChurchProvincial Heritage Property

[Title is text] — Map (db m108100) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — St. John's United Church CemeteryWallace — 1810 - 1934 —

[List of burials] — Map (db m108101) HM

Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Wallace — War MemorialLest We Forget

World War I 1914 - 1918 William Baird • James Bathgate • Alexander Craib James Crooks • Kenneth Hape • Charles MacNutt Elmer MacNutt • Wellsley McCann • Daniel Reeves Chester Slack • Harold Slack • Gordon Tingley Renton Fisher • . . . — Map (db m108094) WM

Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Canso
Important as a centre for the North Atlantic fisheries from the 16th century, the islands in Canso Harbour offered a safe haven for fishermen. First frequented by the French and Basques, the area became the site of an extensive . . . — Map (db m138598) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Canso Soldiers Memorial
To the Glory of God and in loving memory of those who made the supreme sacrifice in the World War Canso Louis Dort, Vernon Earle, Roy Greencorn, Lee Martin Hart, Arthur S. Horton, James B. Keating, Percy J. Lumsden, James Arthur Manuel, . . . — Map (db m140441) WM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Harbour Traffic/Le traffic du port
Only a century ago the spars of many schooners filled this harbour. Vessels from Lunenburg and the "Boston States" entered to take on bait, ice and water before sailing to the banks offshore. Canso shipyards constructed smaller coastal . . . — Map (db m140521) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — In Memory of Tusker 914 En mémoire deJuly 13, 2006
On July 13, 2006 a Canadian Forces helicopter from 413 Transport and Rescue Squadron carrying seven crew members who were exercising rescue techniques with local Canadian Coast Guard auxiliary members crashed in Canso Harbour. . . . — Map (db m139669) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — The Canso Islands/ Les îles Canso
During the seventeenth century French fishermen came from Cape Breton, across Chedabucto Bay, to fish for cod in thirty foot shallops. Later, the New England colonists came in their schooners. They fished the Banks and dried their fish . . . — Map (db m140536) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — We Heard the News First/Nous étions les premiers à avoir les nouvelles
On May 23, 1881, the steamer Faraday landed a transatlantic telegraph cable at Dover Bay. The cable allowed the news of Europe to flash underneath the ocean for 2,531 nautical miles. The European news arrived in Canso and Hazel Hill . . . — Map (db m140501) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Welcome to Canso Harbour/Bienvenue au Port de Canso
This is a place where seafaring people found shelter from the harshness of the Northwest Atlantic. It is the most easterly point of mainland Nova Scotia, remote and exposed upon Chedabucto peninsula, yet close to the fishing banks so . . . — Map (db m140505) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Where Fishermen Meet/Lieu de rencontre des pêcheurs
Fishermen sailed to this coast before the earliest explorers. In the early 1600s French and Basque fishermen dropped handlines in the waters. By 1725 New Englanders were pulling in cod worth 150,000 pounds (New England currency) . . . — Map (db m140554) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Cole Harbour — #5 Radar Unit R.C.A.F StationQueensport/Cole Harbour — 1942-1945 —
During this three year period approximately 180 officers and men operated, serviced, or otherwise gave support to a radar unit on this site. — Map (db m139278) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Cole Harbour — We Will Remember/Nous Nous Souviendrons
Welcome to #5 Radar Unit. RCAF Queensport / Cole Harbour. Bienvenue à Ja Sieme unité de radar deP'ARC, située à Queensport / Cole Harbour. This base, along with ten others situated along the rocky shores of Nova Scotia, Was tasked with . . . — Map (db m139288) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Guysborough — GuysboroughThe Court House
The Court House was constructed in 1842-43. It was the third court house built in Guysborough, the original administrative centre of Sydney County from 1785-1827. Sydney County included present-day Guysborough and Antigonish Counties. Built in . . . — Map (db m139264) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Guysborough — Henry Marshall Tory1864-1947
Born at Port Shoreham, N.S., educated at Guysborough Academy and at McGill, Tory served as professor at McGill (1893-1905), Principal of McGill College, Vancouver (1906-7), first President of the University of Alberta (1908-28), and . . . — Map (db m138221) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Halfway Cove — The Voyage of Prince Henry SinclairThe Chronicles of Prince Henry Sinclair’s Voyage to the New World in 1398
The Voyage of Prince Henry Sinclair to the New World in 1398 On June 2, 1398 Henry Sinclair allegedly set foot in North America on the sandbar of Guysborough Harbour. His fleet consisted of 12 ships with between 200-300 men on board, a . . . — Map (db m139656)
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 4 — Acadian Dyke Building Along the Bay of FundyConstruction de digues le long de la Baie de Fundy
The first settlers of Port Royal must have been aware of the extraordinary fertility of the immense salt marshes that surrounded them The height of the wild grasses alone would have been a clear sign of very productive soil. Until the . . . — Map (db m141244) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 9 — Chezzetcook, Tracadie and Havre Boucher
Many of the Acadians who escaped, or survived the Great Upheaval of 1755 to 1763, either died of exposure, or were captured and imprisoned as "Prisoners of War". Makeshift detention centers were often old trading posts such as Fort Edward . . . — Map (db m141399) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — Founding Families of the Acadian Communities Along Tor Bay 1797-1900Familles fondatrices Acadiennes dela Région de Tor Baie 1797-1900
This monument is the creation of Raymond Delorey of Larrys River and the idea was conceived by members of "la Société des Acadiens de la Région de Tor Baie” under the direction of its Executive, President, Jude Avery, Vice President, . . . — Map (db m141175) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 1 — French Expeditions Aimed At Settling North AmericaExpéditions françaises destinées à s'établir en Amérique du Nord
In 1603, Henry IV, King of France, granted Pierre Dugas, Sieur de Monts, the right to colonize lands in North America between the 40th and 60th degree north latitude. Along with the right to colonize that extensive region, his company was . . . — Map (db m141181) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 5 — Grand-Pré
Grand Pré (large meadow) settlement began in 1682 when a few families from Port Royal moved there. It is situated near the shores of Minas Basin, an inlet that empties into the Bay of Fundy. By 1707, the population had grown to 580 . . . — Map (db m141256) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — Le Parc de nos AncêtresThe Park of Our Ancestors
Welcome to our Commemorative Park! This development is a direct result of a cultural awakening following local festivities in 2004, in conjunction with the World Congress of Acadians, which was celebrated throughout Nova Scotia. Our people . . . — Map (db m141146) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 3 — Samuel de Champlain Meets Captain Savalette On Shores of Tor BayChamplain rencontre le Capitaine Savalette sur les Côtes de Tor Baie
French cartographer and geographer, Samuel de Champlain met Basque fisherman and fishery entrepreneur, Captain Savalette, on the north shores of Tor Bay in 1607. According to authenticated records, Champlain and a group of explorers, . . . — Map (db m141209) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 2 — Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605L’établissement de l’Acadie, 1604/1605
Arriving in 1604, the French settlers built a fort on a small island named Ile Ste Croix at the mouth of the Ste. Croix River, which separates present day New Brunswick and Maine. After a disastrous winter, where 35 of the 79 men died of . . . — Map (db m141190) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 10 — Settlement of the Tor Bay Area circa 1797
After many visits to this eastern coastline region of mainland Nova Scotia between the years 1763 and 1797, a determined group of Acadian families from Chezzetcook, who were once again searching for peace and freedom, decided that the . . . — Map (db m141401) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 6 — The Great Upheaval 1755-1763Le grand dérangement
With the founding of Halifax in 1749 as a British naval base, the Acadians became the target of concern and possible displacement. Demands on them to accept and sign an "oath of allegiance” to the British crown were made several . . . — Map (db m141258) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 8 — The ResettlementRétablissement
The Deportation began in 1755 and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. This Treaty not only ended what was perhaps the greatest human atrocity committed in British North America but it also gave Acadians the right to . . . — Map (db m141389) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 7 — The Scattering of a PeopleLa dispersion d’un peuple
Over the next eight years, or until the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the Great Upheaval continued in what has become known as the first act of "ethnic cleansing” in North America. In an ill-conceived and desperate plan . . . — Map (db m141274) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — Tor BayFirst Successful Direct Commercial Cable Landing
To commemorate the landing at Tor Bay (Port Faraday) on September 15, 1875, of the first direct commercial cable to successfully transmit messages from England to the mainland of North America — Map (db m138590) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Port Felix — Captain Savalette
Every summer for more than 40 years, beginning in 1565, this Basque fisherman from Saint-Jean-de-Euz sailed to Eskikewa'kik, a district of Mi’kma’ki within the traditional territory of the Mi'kmaq. Here, his crew caught codfish, which . . . — Map (db m138605) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Port Felix — Welcome to Place Savalette
Welcome to Place Savalette This park has been developed to mark and explain the site of the historic 1607 meeting between Basque fisherman/entrepreneur, Captain Savalette and explorer/cartographer Samuel de Champlain on the shores . . . — Map (db m139825) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Queensport — Our Forefathers
Early European Settlers The first European settlers of Queensport -- then known as Crow Harbour – bore family names of Digdon, Lamb, Lindsay, Sherlock, and Smith. The latter two families established a large fishing enterprise in the . . . — Map (db m140674) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Queensport — Queensport, Guysborough County
A Community linked to the Sea Queensport was a fishing village community long before the first European settlers arrived here in the 1700s. Each spring and summer, the aboriginal Mi’kmaq would gather to harvest fish, one of the most . . . — Map (db m141232) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — Folklore & Trivia
Folklore of Whitehead In April of about 1880, a brig sailed into Whitehead Harbour, claiming to be headed to Greenland whaling. Strangely, it had no name, and no one was allowed aboard or ashore. They stayed in harbor about a week. . . . — Map (db m140380) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — Port Felix
Village of Port Felix/Molasses Harbour Early Acadians called Port Felix Molasses Harbour because of a keg of molasses washing up on shore. Many Acadian settlers arrived about 1797 after the fall of Louisbourg. Following the American . . . — Map (db m140390) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — The Canal
The Whitehead Canal is located between Whitehead Harbour and Witch Cove. Prior to its construction, fishermen had to haul their boats over a narrow beach between Whitehead and Molasses Harbour (now Port Felix) at a spot known as "The Haulover". . . . — Map (db m139515) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — Whitehead
Early names of the community were Martingot and Tete Blanche. Lovell's 1871 Directory of Nova Scotia said "Whitehaven is a fishing settlement intended to be the terminus of the inter-colonial railway. The harbour is one of the finest on the . . . — Map (db m140352) HM
Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — Yankee Cove
Many yards in Whitehead boast a lilac bush which originated from the lilac bushes in Yankee Cove Kayak/boating enthusiasts love the scenic voyage through "The Runs” via Yankee Cove & The Basin. 1760 – Seasonal fishermen began . . . — Map (db m140377) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — "Bridges for Canada"/« Ponts pour le Canada »The Centennial of the Canadian Military Engineers — Le centenaire du Génie militaire canadien —

In 2000, to commemorate a century of service, Canadian Military Engineers embarked on a three-year program of assisting communities along the Trans Canada Trail to construct and restore bridges. Thirty of these bridges are shown here.

For . . . — Map (db m113207) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 06 — A Changing Lake-scape
Lake Micmac was smaller Lake Micmac was considerably smaller before the Canal was begun. Evidence for this can be found in the cove to the west where the remains of a forest and marsh area can be seen under the surface of the Lake. To the . . . — Map (db m78081) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 08 — A Testament to Hard Work
Man-made Bank You are now walking on a man made bank which forms one side of the canal cut. This wall of earth and stone was necessary to contain the depth of water needed to float the barges. During the first phase of the canal . . . — Map (db m78100) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 02 — A Village of the Most Primitive Description
Canal Camp You are looking at a part of the remains of what was known as the “Canal Camp.” The row of stones in this area represent the largest feature found to day at Port Wallace. An archeological investigation was carried out . . . — Map (db m77987) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 07 — Barges, Steamboats and Scows
Lock 2 You are now looking at the upper sill of Lock 2. The chambers of the first five Locks on the Canal are approximately 21 meters long and 5.5 meters wide. Therefore the boats and barges used on the system had to be able to fit . . . — Map (db m78083) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 01 — Before the Canal
Cutting the Canal You are now standing about one third of the way between Lake Micmac to the South (left) and Lake Charles to the North (right). Before canal construction began in 1826 there was no flow of water between these two lakes. The . . . — Map (db m77986) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 16 — Benching - An early construction technique
Benching As you look down the Cut you will see, on the left or East bank, stone walls separated by narrow, flat terraces. This construction technique was used by the canal workers to prevent the earth from sliding down the bank. It was . . . — Map (db m78117) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Canal Shubenacadie CanalNational Historic Civil Engineering Site / Site Historique National de Génie Civil
Constructed 1826-1861 Charles William Fairbanks Francis Hall Angus McDougall Engineers / Ingénieurs — Map (db m77984) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 13 — Deep Cut
Hard Digging! From this location you can begin to appreciate the enormous task which faced the canal workers. Prior to 1826 this canal cut or trench did not exist and all of the earth and rock had to be removed. Unlike the lower part of the . . . — Map (db m78105) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 3 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70 —
At the point you are approximately 26 meters above sea level, almost at the height of Lake Charles from which the water flows in two directions - south to the Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. To get to this point vessels would have traveled . . . — Map (db m78147) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Historic Shubenacadie Canal SystemLock 2 — 1824-31 ——— 1856-70 —
Vessels entering Lock two, traveling northward, were approximately 19 meters above the level of the Harbour. This lock would raise them another three or four meters enabling them the make their way along the canal to Lock three. This present lock . . . — Map (db m78148) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — How Dartmouth Has GrownA Marker of Distinction

In August 1750, the 504 ton ship Alderney arrived after a month's sail from England with 353 settlers, who made their first landing near the sawmill site. They laid out 184 building lots, 50 feet by 100, and named the settlement after . . . — Map (db m113104) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Legion War Memorial"Lest We Forget"

Boer War 1899 - 1902 World War I 1914 - 1918 World War II 1939 - 1945 Korea War 1950 - 1953 Afghanistan 2001 - 2014 — Map (db m108806) WM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 03 — Lightning Strikes at Canal Camp
Navvies The most concentrated number of features belonging to the Canal Camp are located in this area beneath the trees and along the roadway. You can still make out the remains of several stone foundations. A plan of this area prepared in . . . — Map (db m77988) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 12 — Navvies Dwelling
A Dwelling for Two Families Imagine this structure on top of the stone foundation in front of you. This home would be similar to the one at Site No. 9. However this structure is larger and contains two small stone hearths. When excavated in . . . — Map (db m78104) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 09 — Of Bough and Bark
Dwelling Cabin This feature represents an example of cultural transfer by emigrants to Canada from their homeland. This dwelling cabin strongly resembles the description of the cabins of the working poor in Northern Scotland and Ireland, as . . . — Map (db m78101) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 05 — Official Groundbreaking 1829
Location of prominent historical characters at the ground breaking ceremony General location of the official ground breaking ceremony, July 25th, 1826. Looking south from the walking bridge you are viewing the general location of the . . . — Map (db m78078) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 14 — One of the mysteries yet to be solved…
Possibly a Storage Building for Powder This is the only example of this style of structure found anywhere along the canal. While the Archaeologists are uncertain about its use, it may have been a storage area for black powder used to blast the . . . — Map (db m78106) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Shubenacadie Canal, Port Wallace
From 1826 to 1831, canal labourers constructed two locks and the “deep cut” between Lake Charles and Lake Micmac. During these years, upwards of 250 workers and their families lived here. The locks were rebuilt and operated between 1858 . . . — Map (db m77956) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Starboard Propeller of CCGS John A. Macdonald

This is the starboard propeller of the Canadian coastguard [sic - Coast Guard] Icebreaker, John A. MacDonald [sic - Macdonald]. The propeller was damaged while the John A. MacDonald was assisting the 115,000 ton oil tanker, SS Manhattan, in her . . . — Map (db m113082) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Sullivan's PondA Marker of Distinction

Sullivan’s Pond was a vital feature of the historic Shubenacadie Canal, the traditional water route of Mi’kmaq Indians connecting the harbour at Dartmouth with Minas Pasin and the Bay of Fundy. When the Canal operated, from 1861 to 1870, water . . . — Map (db m108732) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 15 — Summit of the Canal
Highest point of the Canal Ahead you will see Lake Charles which is the highest body of water in the Canal system. From this lake, water flows south to the Halifax Harbour and north to the Bay of Fundy. You are now approx. 29 meters (95 feet) . . . — Map (db m78115) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 10 — The Fairbanks Solution
Lock 3 When first built this lock was made entirely of granite blocks, as represented by the end walls. Like the other structures of the Canal, this lock fell into disrepair between 1831 and 1854. It was completely rebuilt by Charles Fairbanks . . . — Map (db m77985) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 17 — The Forge
The Blacksmith’s Shop Excavated by Dr. Davis in 1985, this forge operated during both the first construction period (1820s) and the second (1850s). It was here that workers and masons would have their tools repaired and stone picks . . . — Map (db m77982) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Totem Pole

This totem pole, carved by three Kwakiutl Indian carvers from a log of western red cedar, is a gift to the 1969 Canada Games Society on the occasion of the first Canadian Summer Games, held in the twin cities of Halifax and Dartmouth, Nova . . . — Map (db m108731) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 04 — Unique Construction
Lock 2 Looking north from the walking bridge you see Lock 2. This lock was the first to be constructed on the Canal. Initially the lock was built totally of granite blocks (British construction method), as seen on the east wall. After the . . . — Map (db m78077) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Vera B. StoneA Tribute / Un Hommage

An avid walker, trail enthusiast, leader, mentor and diligent worker, Vera B. Stone defines the Trans Canada Trail movement in Nova Scotia. As a founding member and a longstanding Chair for the Trans Canada Trail Committee of the Nova . . . — Map (db m113189) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — 11 — Waste Weir and Holding Pond
A water control structure The man-made holding pond in front of you helped to maintain the level of the canal when the lock was in operation. The water in this holding pond had two purposes. It helped maintain the water level in the dry . . . — Map (db m78102) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Dartmouth — Wild about roses/La vie en roseRosa acicularis

Wild roses add beauty and colour to roadsides, open woods, prairies, and rocky places all across Canada. They may have pink or white flowers, be with or without thorns, and stand as high as 2.5 metres. Wild roses are considered a weed in . . . — Map (db m113194) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — "Hamilton" Flower-bed arrangementDisposition de lit de fleurs, "Hamilton"

[Historic photo by] J.A. Irvine, [circa?] 1895-1905 — Map (db m112810) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — "Old" Dalhousie and the Grand Parade
The year is 1821. You are looking south in the Grand Parade towards Saint Paul's, the oldest Anglican church in Canada. Turn and face north: the fine building you see is not City Hall, but "old" Dalhousie College. In a long, often acrimonious, . . . — Map (db m139592) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Black-Binney HouseRésidence Black-Binney
English Built about 1819 by John Black, successful merchant and Executive Councillor (1813-23), this house is a notable example of the finest Halifax residences of its day - the first important era of stone construction in the town. James . . . — Map (db m77657) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Boer War Memorial Fountain

Erected by the Commissioners of the Public Gardens in commemoration of the services of our Citizen Soldiers in the South African Campaign 1899~1902 — Map (db m112796) WM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Corps of Commissionaires
The corps was formed in Nova Scotia and elsewhere across Canada in 1937, on the instigation of the Canadian Government, to find employment for worthy older veterans. Its organization was patterned along military lines of the British Corps of . . . — Map (db m77805) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Military Engineers/Génie militaire canadien

Proudly serving Canada and their fellow citizens at home and abroad.

In a new and awesome land that was to become Canada, adventurous French and British military engineers surveyed the colossal, mapped the incredible and built the . . . — Map (db m113199) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Canadian Sailor's Monument
The sailor statue represents those valiant young Canadians who served in both war and peace is symbolic of the thousands of sailors who were instrumental in the victory at sea and a fitting acknowledgement to those who continue to maintain the peace. — Map (db m77597) WM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Captain / Capitaine James Cook(1728-1779)
English Before the voyages that brought him world fame as Captain Cook, this British Royal Navy officier complied navigational charts for the coasts of Quebec and Nova Scotia. While based in Halifax from 1758 to 1762, he learned . . . — Map (db m77953) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Carved in StonePierres gravées
English These gravestones were all carved by hand, using chisels and wooden mallets. Many of the old slate stones were quarried and carved around Massachusetts Bay, and shipped to Halifax before the American Revolution. By the 1770s local . . . — Map (db m77782) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Cast Iron Facade / Façade en Fonte
English: This building, erected in 1860, provides a rare and early example of a full cast iron facade in Canada. Used in construction since the 1770s, cast iron had become a popular decorative material by the mid-19th century . . . — Map (db m139596) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Celtic Cross

Dedicated to the original Irish settlers of 1749 and to the contributions of the Irish community to Halifax, to Nova Scotia and to Canada

Tíolactha do na hÉireannaigh a bhain fúthu í Halifax sa bhliain 1749 is mar aitheantas da . . . — Map (db m113130) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Charles Morris1711 (Boston, MA) - 1781 (Windsor, NS)
Charles Morris was Nova Scotia’s Chief Surveyor and one of he first residents of Halifax. In 1750, on order from the founder of Halifax, Edward Cornwallis, Morris began surveying the entire peninsula, laying out new suburbs and 240 acres of . . . — Map (db m77647) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — D-Day/Jour J1944
D-Day and the Battle of Normandy 6 June-21 August 1944 After months of elaborate planning, the largest seaborne invasion in modern history commenced on 6 June 1944 (D-Day) to liberate northwestern Europe from German . . . — Map (db m139666) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Deadman's Island
These men died in captivity while serving the United States of America on land and sea during the War of 1812. They lie in unmarked graves here on Deadman's Island.

Followed by a list of 188 men identified by Name, Rank, Ship/Unit, and Date . . . — Map (db m44062) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Drinking Fountain / Fontaine d'eau potable

Wallace Diengner, c./vers 1905

[Historic photo showing two young girls at the drinking fountain] — Map (db m112823) HM

Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Duke of York's Martello TowerYork Redoubt
[English Text only shown] The Duke of York's Martello Tower was one of many small towers built for coastal defence throughout the British Empire. They were usually round, with stone walls too thick to be penetrated by cannon balls. This . . . — Map (db m44629) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Edmund Burke
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Edmund Burke distinguished scholar, missionary pastor, and prelate, having served for sixteen years, he was elected as Bishop of Sion and first Vicar Apostolic of Nova Scotia on July 4, 1817. He . . . — Map (db m77747) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Enos Collins1774-1871
English: An ambitious seaman from Liverpool, N.S., and sometime privateer, Enos Collins was reputed to be the richest man in British North America when he died. His fortune, amassed through shrewd investments in mercantile, . . . — Map (db m139664) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fairview Lawn CemeteryTitanic
Established in 1893, this non-denominational burial ground was originally known as the Green Lawn Cemetery. In 1894, the Fairview Lawn Cemetery Ltd. took over management of the cemetery which it operated for 50 years. Unable to fulfill its . . . — Map (db m77857) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Fort Needham Memorial Parkand the Halifax Explosion
This marker is composed exclusively pictures and their captions. There is a left side and a right side to the marker. Captions are presented left to right, then top to bottom. Click on the marker image to enlarge it. Left side • . . . — Map (db m77955) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — France and CanadaLa France et le Canada — Theirs is a story of enduring friendship./ C’est l’histoire d’une longe amitié. —
France and Canada share a long history. Theirs is a story of enduring friendship. It began 400 years ago, in Nova Scotia, the birthplace of Acadie, with the arrival of the first French settlers and of Samuel de Champlain at Port-Royal in 1605. . . . — Map (db m77622) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Georges IslandL’Île-Georges
English The Island was first fortified when the British founded Halifax in 1749. During the period of the Acadian Deportation, 1755 to 1762, the island was sometimes a detention camp for Acadians prior to being shipped to other British . . . — Map (db m77619) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Gilbert Stuart Newton1794-1835
English: Born in Halifax, Newton had his first art lessons in Boston from his uncle Gilbert Stuart, painter of the George Washington portraits. Leaving for Europe in 1815 he settled in London and entered the Royal Academy Schools . . . — Map (db m139597) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Giovanni Caboto
La regione del Veneto Alla Provincia di Novara Scozia in occasoine del quinto centenario dell arrivo in Canada di Giovanni Caboto Halifax 23 Augusto, 1997 The Veneto Region To the Province of Nova Scotia on . . . — Map (db m139853) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Glebe House CampusSaint Mary’s University
On this site in 1802 was erected the school building which became the forerunner of Saint Mary’s University. Edmund Burke, newly appointed as Roman Catholic Vicar General in Nova Scotia, had the two-storey structure built in the hope of . . . — Map (db m77719) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax and Castine / Halifax et Castine
English: In September, 1814, a British military and naval expedition from Halifax, under Lieutenant General Sir John Coape Sherbrooke and Rear Admiral Edward Griffith, occupied the portion of Maine between the Penobscot and St. . . . — Map (db m140379) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax and RMS TitanicHalifax et le RMS Titanic
English Here, in Halifax, lie the remains of 150 victims of one of history’s most tragic maritime disasters. Just before midnight on 14 April 1912, the White Star liner RMS Titanic struck an iceberg in the North Atlantic. The majestic . . . — Map (db m77852) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Citadel / La Citadelle d’Halifax
English Built to defend against a land-based attack, the Halifax Citadel was the fourth in a series of forts to occupy this hill, The star-shaped fortress, completed in 1856, was the centerpiece of the extensive system of fortifications . . . — Map (db m78258) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax City Hall / Hôtel de ville d'Halifax
English: The Halifax City Hall, erected between 1887 and 1890, is the largest and one of the oldest municipal buildings in Nova Scotia. Designed by a local architect, Edward Elliot, its elegant facade features an attractive and . . . — Map (db m139509) HM
Nova Scotia (Halifax Regional Municipality), Halifax — Halifax Explosion Unidentified DeadWe Remember

To the memory of the Unidentified Dead. Victims of the Great Disaster December 6, 1917. ————————————— Here lie buried Unidentified Victims of the . . . — Map (db m113041) HM


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Jun. 2, 2020