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Frederick, Maryland Historical Markers

 
“Frederick's Other City” Marker image, Touch for more information
By Allen C. Browne, May 1, 2017
“Frederick's Other City” Marker
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “Frederick's Other City”
When Frederick Town was laid out in 1745, founder Daniel Dulany provided lots to different faith denominations to build churches. These would serve as centers of religious, educational and social life for the new settlers in Maryland's colonial . . . — Map (db m104185) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “South Magnetic”
The compass Meridian Stones of Frederick County. One of two stones set in 1896 by USC&GS to establish a true meridian line. Used by surveyors to check compass variations pursuant to Article 25, Code of MD ──── . . . — Map (db m89631) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — “The Great Baby Waker”
On April 22, 1783, this historic cannon announced the end of the American Revolution here on the western frontier of the new nation Cast at the Mount Aetna forge near Hagerstown, this iron fortification gun entered service at the New Frederick . . . — Map (db m103370) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 14th New Jersey Infantry Regiment
(Upper Plaque):Erected by the State of New Jersey to commemorate the heroic services of the 14th Regiment New Jersey Volunteer Infantry 1st Brigade, 3rd Division, 6th Corps Army of the Potomac, at the Battle of Monocacy, MD July 9th . . . — Map (db m13301) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 173 West All Saints Street
In this property At 173 West All Saints Street Dr. Ulysses G. Bourne and Dr. Charles Brooks Operated a 15-Bed Hospital for African Americans from 1919 to 1928 This Plaque Erected By The Kiwanis Club of Frederick June . . . — Map (db m107230) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m2708) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m18382) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — 1862 Antietam CampaignLee Invades Maryland
Fresh from victory at the Second Battle of Manassas, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia crossed the Potomac River on September 4–6, 1862, to bring the Civil War to Northern soil and to recruit sympathetic Marylanders. Union Gen. . . . — Map (db m97907) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Bold Plan
In June 1864, with Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant intent on destroying Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army, Lee developed a bold plan to capture Washington, D.C. He sent Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early with 15,000 troops to invade . . . — Map (db m78623) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Bold Plan
In June 1864, with Union Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant intent on destroying Confederate General Robert E. Lee's army, Lee developed a bold plan to capture Washington, D.C. He sent Lieutenant General Jubal A. Early with 15,000 troops to invade . . . — Map (db m104162) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Crossroads of American HistoryThe Frederick Square Corner
The Square Corner, at the intersection of Patrick and Market Streets, has long been the commercial and financial heart of Frederick. It is here that the National Road meets several important north-south roads that lead to Pennsylvania, Virginia, and . . . — Map (db m2748) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — A Good Night's RestFrederick's Hotel Block
This part of downtown Frederick has long been a place of lodging and hospitality for travelers along the National Road. Kimball's Inn, Talbott's Tavern, the City Hotel and the Francis Scott Key Hotel have occupied this site for over two hundred . . . — Map (db m104243) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Ambush
On the morning of July 9, 1864, John T. Worthington sent his family to safety in the cellar. From an upstairs window he watched Confederate General McCausland lead his cavalry brigade of 1,400 men into an ambush. Concealed behind a fence and waist . . . — Map (db m89982) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — B & O Railroad Station"No malice in my heart" — Antietam Campaign
At this intersection, President Abraham Lincoln spoke from a railroad car platform to Frederick residents assembled in the street on October 4, 1862. He had just returned from viewing the battlefields of South Mountain and Antietam and had called on . . . — Map (db m60166) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Barbara Fritchie Cabins & Tea Room
Site of Barbara Fritchie Cabins 1933 - 1987 erected by Charles A. Faust Barbara Fritchie Tea Room 1938 - 1987 — Map (db m107063) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Barbara Fritchie House“Shoot if you must this old gray head, but spare your country’s flag.” — Antietam Campaign 1862
As the Confederate army marched through Frederick on September 10, 1862, feisty local Unionists—mostly women—showed their defiance by waving the Stars and Stripes. The poet John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized one of them in “The . . . — Map (db m2693) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle BeginsMonocacy National Battlefield
About 8 o'clock a dash was made by the enemy under cover of artillery fire, to drive us from out position, hoping to gain the pike, and proceed on their way to Washington. — Private Daniel B. Freeman, Company G, 10th Vermont Infantry . . . — Map (db m78507) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of Frederick"Best little battle of the war" — Early's 1864 Washington Raid
(preface) Confederate Gen. Jubal A. Early drove Union Gen. David Hunter into West Virginia after the Battle of Lynchburg, Va., clearing the Shenandoah Valley of Federal forces. To draw Union troops from Petersburg, Early launched a raid . . . — Map (db m76651) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Battle of Monocacy
The Battle that saved Washington Here along the Monocacy River on July 9, 1864, was fought the battle between Union forces under General Lew Wallace and Confederate forces under General Jubal A. Early. The battle, although a temporary victory for . . . — Map (db m3218) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Best Family Farm
8:30 a.m. July 9, 1864 The John T. Best family was going about its chores of tending cows, hogs, chickens, and fields of wheat, oats, and corn. The Bests were used to working amid soldiers, for Union and Confederate troops had camped here on the . . . — Map (db m3223) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Birthplace of William Tyler Page
Birthplace William Tyler Page Oct. 19, 1868 Author of The American's Creed Placed by Frederick, Chapter, D.A.R. — Map (db m89037) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Braddock, Washington, and Franklin
On April 23, 1755 At a Tavern located near this spot General Edward Braddock Colonel George Washington and Benjamin Franklin Met to plan the British assault on Ft. Dusquesne During the French & Indian War This plaque erected by the Kiwanis Club of . . . — Map (db m2725) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Brush Creek Crossing
A wagon road crossed Brush Creek at this location connecting the Georgetown Pike with roads to Baltimore. As Federal troops withdrew from the battlefield, they passed Gambrill's Mill and followed this road toward Baltimore, leaving the field to the . . . — Map (db m3272) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Burning of the Bridge
12:00 noon July 9, 1864 Confederates wearing captured blue uniforms had killed or wounded several Union skirmishers who had been sent across the Monocacy River to hold the Georgetown Turnpike and B&O Railroad bridges "at all hazards." The two . . . — Map (db m103946) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Burning the Bridge
On July 9, 1864, a wooden covered bridge spanned the Monocacy River where you see the present-day Urbana Pike Bridge. The covered bridge provided easy movement for the Confederates, intent on speeding 15,000 troops with their horses, wagons, and . . . — Map (db m103945) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Capital For A SummerFoiling Maryland Secession
The building in front of you, Kemp Hall, was the capitol of Maryland during the spring and summer of 1861, as the state came perilously close to leaving the Union. Because secession would have placed the U.S. capital, Washington, D.C. between the . . . — Map (db m67247) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Caught in the Crossfire
Since the war's onset John T. Best had grown accustomed to seeing Union and Confederate soldiers on his farm, but the morning of July 9, 1864, was different. Shots rang out on the farm and a battle ensued. Confederate artillery moved into the . . . — Map (db m82336) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — City HallFormer Frederick County Courthouse — Antietam Campaign 1862
Connections with the Civil War abound around this Courthouse Square, where the first official act of defiance against the British crown - the 1765 Stamp Act Repudiation - occurred almost a century earlier. In 1857, Roger Brooke Taney, Chief Justice . . . — Map (db m2815) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Civil War Children's Memorial
Dedicated to the Memory of The Children Who Served and Died In the Civil War 1861-1865 — Map (db m103206) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Civilians Under SiegeMonocacy National Battlefield
On the morning of July 9, 1864, C. Keefer Thomas hosted two Union officers at his breakfast table, talking about the impeding battle. Later that morning as the battle drew near, the Thomas family, with several houseguests, neighbors, enslaved . . . — Map (db m89983) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Clustered Spires of Frederick
John Greenleaf Whittier immortalized Barbara Fritchie and the town of Frederick in his poem about the elderly Frederick resident who supposedly displayed the Union flag as Southern soldiers marched by on September 10, 1862. On July 9, 1864, . . . — Map (db m3290) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Commemoration
On July 9, 1907, 43 years after the battle of Monocacy, 180 veterans of the 14th New Jersey Regiment returned to dedicate this monument in honor of their comrades and their sacrifices. Most of the men wore a memorial pin on their lapel, given to . . . — Map (db m82291) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Company A, 1st Battalion, 115th Infantry Regiment Memorial

In special tribute to those who participated in the "D" Day Invasion-Normandy France, June 6, 1944

Since 1775

Dedicated to all those past and present who have served in peace and war as members of Company A, 1st Bn, 115th . . . — Map (db m103364) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederate Row
Frederick County was central to the Civil War military campaigns of 1862, 1863, and 1864, while Frederick City served as a major hospital center for soldiers of both armies. Hundreds of men died here, prompting the need for local Burial. Many . . . — Map (db m103169) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederate Sentinel
Erected A.D. 1880. By the Ladies Monumental Association of Frederick County In honor of the soldiers of the Confederate Army who fell in the battles of Antietam, Monocacy, and elsewhere and are here buried. Honor To the Brave . . . — Map (db m103172) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Confederates Invade Maryland
7:00 a.m, July 9, 1864 Confederate troops under Lt. Gen. Jubal A. Early streamed through the gaps of South Mountain and the Catoctins and headed south past Frederick. Bound for Washington, D.C., they were stopped here at the Best family farm by . . . — Map (db m3246) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Desperate Escape
After Union General Wallace ordered the covered bridge burned, the railroad bridge became the only route of escape for Lieutenant Davis and his men, who were seperated from the rest of the Union forces by the river. His troops fought bravely all . . . — Map (db m82115) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Edgewood
The success of miller James H. Gambrill became apparent when he built Edgewood, the grand house on the hill. When it was constructed around 1872, the brick, three-story Second Empire style house was one of the largest single-family residences in . . . — Map (db m90479) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Enoch Louis Lowe
The Home of Enoch Louis Lowe Aug. 10, 1820 — Aug. 23, 1892 Governor of Maryland 1851 — 1854 Marked by the Historical Society of Frederick County March 25, 1956 — Map (db m103320) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Evangelical Lutheran Church
This tablet is erected to the Glory of God and in grateful recognition of those who organized this congregation and have maintained it for two hundred years 1738   Congregation organized. 1743   Log church built on the Monocacy. . . . — Map (db m14022) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Federal Retreat4:30-5:00 p.m. July 9, 1864
The Northerners held, then lost, then retook the Thomas house grounds as the fighting ebbed and flowed in the stifling heat. Casualties mounted quickly on both sides. Union Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace could see that his numbers were dwindling and that the . . . — Map (db m3274) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Federals Take a Stand
7:00 a.m., July 9, 1864 After skirmishing on July 8 with Confederates west of Frederick, MD, Maj. Gen. Lew Wallace’s 5,800 Union troops—many of them “raw and untried”—took a stand at the Monocacy River. Wallace carefully . . . — Map (db m3247) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final Attack
Come on, Georgians, follow me and we will show these (Confederate) cavalrymen how to fight. Confederate General Clement Evans (As heard by Private N. Harris, 16th Virginia Cavalry) After the failed cavalry attacks on Thomas Farm, . . . — Map (db m89984) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final Resting PlaceFrancis Scott Key
In the final months of his life Francis Scott Key enjoyed visits to Terra Rubra farm, his boyhood home not far from Frederick Town. He thought and wrote about the end of life and his hopes of immortality in a life to come.

Key died at his . . . — Map (db m75758) HM WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Final StandMonocacy National Battlefield
The Union troops held the Confederates at bay for most of the day. Around 4:30 p.m. the Union front collapsed and fell back to the Georgetown Pike, where they used the protection of the road bank in their final stand. The Union soldiers fronted . . . — Map (db m78505) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — First Black High School in Frederick County1921
Founded by Mr. John W. Burner Supervisor of All Black Schools in Frederick County Principal Mr. Maurice Reid Sponsor Frederick Chapter NAACP — Map (db m107198) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Fleeing for Their Lives
8:30 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 Distressed that their main escape route had been burned, the stranded Federal skirmishers fought on as they faced periodic Confederate attacks. Late in the afternoon, they gradually fell back towards the Baltimore . . . — Map (db m3271) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Former Site of Tory Gaol
A log jailhouse (gaol), built to house British prisoners or Tories, stood on this site in June, 1776. The tiny two story gaol was 30 feet long and 20 wide. The six-room facility held prisoners throughout the Revolutionary War. Converted to a stable . . . — Map (db m4960) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyThomas Johnson Barbara Fritchie
Francis Scott Key Author of “The Star Spangled Banner”Born in Frederick County, Maryland, 1779. Died in Baltimore 1843 and there buried. Removed to Federick 1866 and interred in family lot. In 1898 the remains of Francis Scott . . . — Map (db m2731) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyWar of 1812 Soldier — Aug. 1, 1779 - Jan. 11, 1843
Lieutenant who first served with the Georgetown Artillary in July 1813, and later under Major George Peter as a Lieut. and Quartermaster from June 19 to July 1, 1814. On Aug. 24, 1814 he helped with the deployment of troops in Bladensburg defending . . . — Map (db m103219) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyRotary International
The Thirty Fourth District ·Rotary International· At Its First Conference March 1923 Pays This Tribute to Francis Scott Key · Author of· Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “And the Star Spangled Banner, Oh, . . . — Map (db m104597) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott KeyUnited Daughters of 1812
The National Society United Daughters of 1812 State Presidents and Charter Members April 5, 1979 Pay this tribute to Francis Scott Key Author of Our National Anthem ⟵·⟶ “Then Conquer We Must When . . . — Map (db m104602) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Francis Scott Key
Frederick's favorite son is celebrated throughout the US before every kickoff, face-off and first pitch. The author of the “Star Spangled Banner,” Francis Scott Key was born in Frederick County and launched his law career here in 1801. . . . — Map (db m107306) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — FrederickA Town becomes a City
Frederick Town was founded in 1745 when Daniel Dulany the Elder carved out an eastern portion of his 7,000 acre parcel patented as "Tasker's Chance." The town was then laid out in an orderly grid with Patrick Street designated as the east-west . . . — Map (db m2805) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Korean War Veterans MemorialJune 25 1950 • January 31 1955

Killed in Action

Charles Austin Brandenburg • Paul Kenneth Carty Manville Eugene Dagenhart • Jacob Augustus Ely Raymond Randolph Flair • Edward Ray Fisher Samuel Oliver Frye • Albert Eugene Green Raymond Louis Kemp Jr • Harvey . . . — Map (db m103314) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Veterans Memorial

This memorial is placed in remembrance of Frederick County's Sons and Daughters who served our nation at home and abroad

May we always remember that the price of liberty is eternal vigilance. . . . — Map (db m103277) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County Vietnam Veterans MemorialLest We Forget

Dedicated to those who served

Those who gave their lives in the service of their country

Robert E. Smith, Jr HN USN • May 15, 1966

Daniel S. Brittain 2Lt USMC • May 20, 1966

Richard W. Meehan 1LT USA • August 8, . . . — Map (db m103264) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick County World War I Memorial

This monument was erected in honor of the sons and daughters of Frederick County who served their country in the Great World War 1917 • 1918 ————— These died for their country [Roll of Honored . . . — Map (db m103389) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick Evangelical Reformed Church Memorial Ground

In this Memorial Ground which was donated to Frederick County and Frederick City by the Evangelical Reformed Church of Frederick, Maryland lie buried the following persons

[List of burials] — Map (db m103425) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick Town BarracksThe American Revolution 1776 - 1783
These barracks served as the first public building for the new state. Founded in 1777, the limestone twins stood tall two years later, thanks to contractor Abraham Faw and local craftsmen. Set atop strategic ground, the Barracks controlled the . . . — Map (db m103418) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Frederick’s Poet LawyerFrancis Scott Key
Born in what was then northeast Frederick County, Key’s parents first brought him to “Frederick-Town” to be baptized. His parents often rode to the county seat here. Key walked these streets whenever the family came to Frederick. . . . — Map (db m67248) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gambrill House
James H. Gambrill prospered as a miller after the Civil War, and the family moved up in the world - from a modest dwelling on the lowlands near the mill to this 17-room house on the hill. The three-story frame structure, built about 1872, has . . . — Map (db m90481) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gambrill Mill
Mill owner James H. Gambrill used his wits to survive the turmoil. A Southern sympathizer, he sold flour to Northern troops as they set up their line of defense on his land. During the battle he took refuge inside the mill with Samuel S. Thomas and . . . — Map (db m3262) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gen. Bradley T. JohnsonA Visitor in His Own Hometown — Early's 1864 Attack on Washington
(preface) In June 1864, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee sent Gen. Jubal A. Early’s corps from Richmond battlefields to the Shenandoah Valley to counter Union Gen. David Hunter’s army. After driving Hunter into West Virginia, Early invaded . . . — Map (db m75747) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General Edward Braddock
General Edward Braddock traveled over this road in April 1755 (in a coach and six horses purchased from Gov. Horatio Sharpe of Maryland)after a protracted conference in Frederick with Benjamin Franklin and others concerning the securing of teams, . . . — Map (db m1247) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — General LaFayette
Friend of America and Liberty Arrived at the bridge nearby on his way to Frederick December 29, 1824 —————— Created by a delegation of citizens including the gallant Lawrence Everhart who had come to escort him . . . — Map (db m2326) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — George Washington
On August 5 and 6, 1785, and again June 30 and July 1, 1791, was the guest of Thomas Johnson at the latter's manorial residence which stood on the site of the present farm house, about 150 yards east of this point. Thomas Johnson, a member of the . . . — Map (db m1538) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — George Washington Bicentennial Memorial1732 • 1932

Washington first took command of the American Army under the grandparent of this elm Cambridge, Mass. July 3, 1775. ——————— Raised by Maryland D.A.R., given and marked by the American . . . — Map (db m103414) HM WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gettysburg CampaignInvasion & Retreat
After stunning victories at Fredericksburg and Chancellorsville, Virginia, early in May 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee carried the war through Maryland, across the Mason and Dixon Line and into Pennsylvania. His infantry marched north through . . . — Map (db m2792) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Gordon’s Decisive Attack
3:00-4:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 So profuse was the flow of blood from the killed and wounded of both sides of these forces that it reddened the stream [on the Thomas Farm] for more than 100 yards below. Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon The first . . . — Map (db m89244) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Graves, Monuments, and Memorialsof the American Civil War
In Mount Olivet Cemetery are the graves of Union and Confederate soldiers who fought in the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Monocacy. Near the graves is the Confederate Monument, and the Memorial to children who fought and died . . . — Map (db m2733) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Headquarters of Generals Robert E. Lee“Stonewall” Jackson and Longstreet
Headquarters of Generals Robert E. Lee, “Stonewall” Jackson, and Longstreet Sept. 6-9, 1862 Here was written the famous lost order No. 191 and the proclamation to the people of Maryland. — Map (db m1589) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hessian Barracks - Witness to History
1777 Built at direction of Maryland General Assembly 1778-79 Quartered Hessian and Convention prisoners captured at Bennington and Saratoga 1782 Quartered Hessian and Bayreuth Yager Regiments following Cornwallis' surrender 1799 . . . — Map (db m2739) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Historic Frederick BarracksWar of 1812 Period
The limestone barracks in front of you, built in 1778, is among the oldest and most important surviving American military structures in the nation. The barracks consisted of two L-shaped buildings, but only the eastern wing remains today. During the . . . — Map (db m103369) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — History of the Monocacy River Valley
The earliest inhabitants of the Monocacy River Valley lived here about 12,000 years ago. These Native Americans lived in territorial, semi-nomadic groups dependent upon hunting, fishing, and food gathering. When European settlers first came to . . . — Map (db m3287) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Home of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney
Home of Chief Justice Roger Brooke Taney and his wife Anne Key -- Erected by Frederick Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution 1938 — Map (db m2821) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Home of the Brave
“Then did I remember that there were gathered around that banner, among its defenders, men who had heard and answered the call of their country — from these mountain sides, from this beautiful valley, and from this fair city of my . . . — Map (db m103221) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Hospitals in FrederickCaring for the Wounded
In this building, soldiers who died in one of the many area hospitals following the battles of South Mountain, Antietam, Gettysburg, and Monocacy were embalmed and prepared for interment at nearby Mount Olivet Cemetery or for shipment home. James . . . — Map (db m97908) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — In April 1861
. . . — Map (db m2722) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jacob EngelbrechtA Frederick Diarist on the National Road
In 1826, Jacob Engelbrecht moved to the house across the street near Carroll Creek. He began reporting on the National Road cavalcade that was going by his front door. His priceless diary recorded everything he saw. Travelers he observed included: . . . — Map (db m2706) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jane Hanson National Memorial
First Lady Jane Contee Hanson, 1728-1812 In the unmarked mass grave behind this memorial rests Jane Hanson, the original first lady of the United States. She is buried here with 285 others reinterred in 1913 from Frederick's . . . — Map (db m103170) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Hanson
On This Site (1773-1783) Lived John Hanson First President of United States In Congress Assembled (1781-1782) Born Charles County, MD., April 13, 1715 Died Oxon Hill, MD., November 22, 1783 Placed by Historical Society of Frederick . . . — Map (db m89065) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Hanson
April 14, 1715 — November 22, 1783 President of the United States in Congress Assembled as called for by the Articles of Confederation first system of government of the new nation prior to the constitution Served November 5, 1781 . . . — Map (db m89101) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Hanson
First President of the First United States Government, The United States in Congress Assembled, Which Existed From 1781 until 1788. “As the first elected president of our independent nation, President Hanson began the task of unifying . . . — Map (db m89151) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John McElroy, S.J.b. May 14, 1782 • d. September 12, 1877 — R.I.P.

Born in Enniskillen, Ireland, John McElroy came to this country in 1803 and was ordained a priest at the age of thirty-five. While pastor of St. John's from 1822 to 1845, Father McElroy built the present church on Second Street and established . . . — Map (db m103237) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Ross Key and Anne Charlton Key
In this lot are buried John Ross Key Revolutionary War Officer and Anne Charlton Key parents of Francis Scott Key author of “The Star Spangled Banner” This marker erected Sept. 14, 1964 by The Frederick . . . — Map (db m104213) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — John Thomas Schley
In memory of John Thomas Schley Founder of Frederick and Ancestor of many prominent Americans Born Aug. 31, 1712 in Mörzheim, Germany Died Nov. 24, 1790 in Frederick, Md. — Map (db m14025) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jug BridgeAn engineering marvel for early America
In 1800, travelers expected to ford rivers or use ferries that were slow and often risky in bad weather. The Baltimore and Frederick-Town Turnpike Company, building the first leg of the National Road in 1805, set out to revolutionize American roads. . . . — Map (db m2321) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Jug Bridge Monument
The stone demijohn and memorial plaque, placed by the Sons of the American Revolution, were originally located on a bridge crossing the Monocacy River about 2 miles east of this site. The stone bridge of four arches and two 65-foot spans was . . . — Map (db m2324) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Kemp Hall
1861-1961 In the year 1861 the legislature of Maryland, called into extraordinary session by Governor Thomas Holliday Hicks, held session in this building owned by the Evangelical Reformed Church (now the Evangelical and Reformed - United Church of . . . — Map (db m2720) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Korean Conflict Memorial1950 • 1953

In honor of those who served — Map (db m103313) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Laboring Sons Memorial Ground
Laboring Sons Cemetery A cemetery was established at this site in 1851 by the Beneficial Society of the Laboring Sons of Frederick to provide a burial ground for citizens of color. The Beneficial Society had been formed in 1839 “for the . . . — Map (db m14024) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — L'Hermitage
In the late 1700s, a large slave village was constructed just beyond the building in front of you. By 1800, as many as 90 enslaved laborers were housed there, an unusually large number of slaves for this area. The enslaved people were the property . . . — Map (db m82339) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Major General George Gordon Meade
(Front Face): Took command of the Army of the Potomac Under orders from President Lincoln Seven hundred feet North of this marker June 28, 1863 He pursued the Confederates and at Gettysburg July 1,2,3 Fought the decisive battle of the . . . — Map (db m2800) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Market & Patrick Streets"Scarcely any possibility of crossing the street" — Gettysburg Campaign
Frederick found itself occupied alternatively by Confederate and Union armies during the Civil War. Citizens who frequented this "Square Corner" of Market and Patrick Streets saw Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia march west from here on . . . — Map (db m2808) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Mary Quantrill's Stand
“I remained in the same position, resting the staff of my flaglet on the railing of the porch, when a soldier stepped up behind me, and with his bayonet cut off my staff close to my hand.… turning about I saw him tear my flag into . . . — Map (db m107197) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Maryland's “Cemetery Beautiful”
Mount Olivet Cemetery is considered one of the most distinguished burial grounds in the country. Here, in peaceful tranquility, rest national and local heroes, veterans of every major conflict in our country's history, inventors, artists, business . . . — Map (db m103753) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — May 17, 1943
Sir Winston Churchill visited the Barbara Fritchie House while en route with Franklin D. Roosevelt from "Shangri-la" to Washington, D.C. — Map (db m78351) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — McCausland’s Attack
11:30 a.m. - 2:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 Brig. Gen. John McCausland's cavalry brigade forded the river, dismounted, and advanced up the slope toward the Worthington house. Thinking they would be facing inexperienced militiamen, the Confederates formed a . . . — Map (db m3282) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Meade Takes Command"Come to give me trouble."
Near this spot, on the grounds of Prospect Hall, Union Gen. George Gordon Meade replaced Gen. Joesph "Fighting Joe" Hooker as commander of the Army of the Potomac on Sunday, June 28, 1863. Meade took command reluctantly because he was concerned . . . — Map (db m2775) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Monocacy Battlefield
. . . — Map (db m3294) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Monocacy Battlefield
Monocacy Battlefield has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating or illustrating the history of the United . . . — Map (db m41692) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Monocacy National Battlefield
Here on farmlands bordering the Monocacy River, the fate of the nation’s capital was decided July 9, 1864, when Union troops confronted Confederate soldiers marching toward Washington. Though the Confederates won this battle on Northern soil, they . . . — Map (db m41915) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Monocacy National Battlefield
The Battle that Saved Washington In the summer of 1864, Confederate Lieutenant General Jubal Early launched a campaign down the Shenandoah Valley with a corps of approximately 15,000 troops. The campaign was a last attempt to carry the war to . . . — Map (db m41916) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Mullinix Park
. . . — Map (db m107574) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Nick of Time
On July 9, 1864, at 2:00 a.m., the last train of Union reinforcements pulled into Monocacy Junction just hours before the battle. The addition of 3,400 veterans increased Wallace's total to 6,600 men. While Wallace was successful in delaying the . . . — Map (db m76713) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — No to the Stamp!
“The STAMP-ACT having received a mortal wound by the Hands of Justice, on Saturday last gave up the Ghost, to the great joy of the Inhabitants of Frederick County. The lifeless body lay exposed to public Ignominy 'til Yesterday, when it was . . . — Map (db m103825) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — North Market Street"Now I shall see Cousin J. — Gettysburg Campaign
On June 28, 1863, Gen. John F. Reynolds rode into Federick to visit his cousin Catherine Reynolds Cramer and her sisters near the intersection of North Market and Second Streets. She would have much to write the rest of her family on July 1 about . . . — Map (db m2814) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — O Say Can You See?
On the evening, of September 13, 1814, British warships in Baltimore harbor threatened the sovereignty of the United States. They had already burned Washington, D.C. As they bombarded Fort McHenry, the fate of our new nation was uncertain. . . . — Map (db m103175) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Old Freight Depot
“The old freight depot, which is the oldest in the world, is in a perfect state of preservation, though long in disuse… The old building stands as a monument of the commercial industries of the world.” - Book of the Royal Blue, 1899 — Map (db m103750) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — One Vast Hospital
“Figuratively speaking, this city is one vast hospital, and yet hundreds of poor fellows continue to arrive who have their wounds attended to, and away they go, uncomplaining.” — Philadephia Inquirer September 25, 1862 — Map (db m97817) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Ramsey House
In this house President Abraham Lincoln October 4, 1862 visited General George L. Hartsuff Wounded In the Battle of Antietam Placed by Frederick Chapter DAR & Cdr. & Mrs. D.M. Page, USN 1975 — Map (db m2818) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Retreat
At about 5:00 p.m. on July 9, 1864, the Confederates stormed the Union line on the Georgetown Pike. Union General Wallace ordered the withdrawal and chaos soon followed. With Confederates in hot pursuit, Union troops fled past Gambrill Mill, then . . . — Map (db m82118) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Richfield“The Boy General of the Golden Lock”
It was here that George Armstrong Custer was first introduced as a general to the troops he would command. The first order signed by Gen. George G. Meade as the newly appointed commander of the Army of the Potomac on June 28, 1863 promoted three . . . — Map (db m1539) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Richfield
Birthplace of Rear Admiral Winfield Scott Schley, USN Born Oct. 9, 1839 - Died Oct. 2, 1911 "The Hero of Santiago" July 3, 1898 — Map (db m103444) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Roger Brooke Taney
Fifth Chief Justice of The Supreme Court of the United States Born in Calvert County, Maryland, March 17,1777 Died in the city of Washington, October 12, 1864 Aged 87 years, 6 months and 25 days He was a profound and able lawyer An . . . — Map (db m58159) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Roger Brooke Taney
Chief Justice Of the United States 1836-1864 Secretary of the Treasury 1833-1834 Attorney General Of the United States 1831-1833 Attorney General Of Maryland 1827-1831 Citizen of Frederick And lawyer practicing in . . . — Map (db m106648) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Roger Brooke Taney
Chief Justice Of the United States 1836-1864 Secretary of the Treasury 1833-1834 Attorney General Of the United States 1831-1833 Attorney General Of Maryland 1827-1831 Citizen of Frederick And lawyer practicing in the Frederick County Court . . . — Map (db m106649) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Rose Hill ManorUnion Artillery Reserve
You are on the grounds of Rose Hill Manor, the final home of Maryland's first governor, Thomas Johnson. During its stay near Frederick, the Army of the Potomac's large Artillery Reserve occupied these grounds. Created after the Battle of . . . — Map (db m2803) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Rose Hill Manor
Built in early 1790s Last Home of Governor Thomas Johnson Delegate to Continental Congress 1774-1775 First Governor of Maryland 1777-1779 Associate Justice of the US Supreme Court 1792-1793 Rededicated this 1st day of November 2014 . . . — Map (db m103770) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Saints Street
“Saints Street was to Blacks ‘What's Happening now.’” — Adelaide Hall, 1995 For many decades preceding the civil rights movement, Saints Street was the commercial and social center within a segregated Frederick, boasting a . . . — Map (db m107199) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Site of Frederick County's First Y.M.C.A.
1907 Thru Mid 1960's The Old “Y” was the school for - Guidance, Discipline, Sportsmanship, Leadership, and Honesty, (It was the wind beneath our wings.) — Map (db m103846) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Slave to Soldier
On October 1, 1863, nine months after President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation, Secretary of War Edwin Stanton advised Lincoln that it was a "military necessity in the State of Maryland... for enlisting all persons capable of bearing arms... . . . — Map (db m76714) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Submarine Veterans Memorial

To perpetuate the memory of our shipmates who gave their lives in the pursuit of their duties while serving their country.

Dedicated April 8, 2006 — Map (db m103285) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Battle That Saved Washington
The Battle of Monocacy took place on July 9, 1864, in the valley before you. The battle pitted North against South, and Washington, D.C., was the prize. Richmond and Petersburg were endangered, but the Southern leader, General Robert E. Lee had . . . — Map (db m3292) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Congregation in Frederick
circa 1745 - Founded by German Reformed settlers led by schoolmaster John Thomas Schley, the Founder of Frederick City. 1934 - Became part of the The Evangelical and Reformed Church a Merger of the Evangelical Synod and German . . . — Map (db m2816) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Dred Scott Decision
At the dedication of the Roger Brooke Taney Bust in Frederick on September 26, 1931, Chief Justice Charles Evans Hughes concluded that “it is unfortunate that the estimate of Chief Justice Taney’s judicial labors should have been so largely . . . — Map (db m103772) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Everedy Company
Larry J. Lebherz and his brothers incorporated The Everedy Company here in 1923 during the height of the prohibition era. The operation began with the production of bottle cappers and later would be known for its stainless steel pots and pans, . . . — Map (db m104045) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Frederick Town BarracksShaping American History since 1777
The long history of Frederick Town Barracks records in timber and stone the successful transition from sword to plowshare, from bullets to books. Funded by the Maryland Legislature in 1777, the Frederick Barracks soon entered service during the . . . — Map (db m103372) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Lost OrderShrouded in a Cloak of Mystery — Antietam Campaign 1862
After crossing the Potomac River early in September 1862, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee reorganized the Army of Northern Virginia into three separate wings. On September 9, he promulgated his campaign strategy - to divide his army, send Gen. Thomas . . . — Map (db m18381) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Lower Depot Neighborhood / The Frederick Brick Works
(North Facing Side): The Lower Depot Neighborhood The railroad transformed 19th century America, facilitating long-distance travel and the efficient transfer of raw materials to factories and agricultural and manufactured goods to markets. . . . — Map (db m2823) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The National RoadThe Road that Built the Nation
“. . . so many happy people, restless in the midst of abundance.” —Alexis de Tocqueville, 1840. Americans are an adventurous people. From past to present, they have used feet, horses, wagons, stagecoaches, canals, . . . — Map (db m2753) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The News
“We are conscious that it is a considerable undertaking to assume the task of editing a daily newspaper. The duties of the position are rather laborious, requiring constant attention: yet we have fully calculated the chances of success and are . . . — Map (db m107233) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Ross Home
In this home General Lafayette lodged as a guest of Colonel John McPherson Dec. 29-31, 1824.

In 1840 Francis Scott Key author of the National Anthem was inspired here to write the poem that honors his cousin Mrs. Eleanor . . . — Map (db m88946) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Weinberg Center

This building formerly the Tivoli Theatre, opened Dec. 23, 1926, was donated in 1977 to the City of Frederick by:

The Weinberg Family Dan and Alyce and their children: Dancye and Aldan

to be used as a center for all the Arts for . . . — Map (db m103261) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — These Barracks
1776 - 1814 These Barracks Mark the course of the struggle for American Independence Built in 1777 by the British and Hessian prisoners of the Revolutionary War, here were detained those taken at the Battles of Saratoga, Trenton, and Yorktown, . . . — Map (db m2735) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thick of the Battle
4:00 - 4:30 p.m. July 9, 1864 The Battle of Monocacy changed from a stalemate to a rout as the final lines of Maj. Gen. John B. Gordon's three Confederate brigades swept down Brooks Hill onto the fields of Thomas farm. Both sides traded blistering . . . — Map (db m89985) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — This Boulder Marks the National Trail — General Braddock Monument
This boulder marks the National Trail over which traveled Gen. Edward Braddock and Lieutenant Colonel George Washington 1755. — Map (db m22275) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — This Boulder Overlooks the Monocacy Battlefield
and is in memory – of – The Southern Solders who fell in the battle fought July 9, 1864 which resulted in a Confederate victory ——— Erected July 9, 1914 by the Fitzhugh Lee Chapter United Daughters of the . . . — Map (db m3215) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thomas Farm
Col. C. Keefer Thomas, a businessman, should have stayed in Baltimore. He was so sure a war eventually would rage around that city that he moved his family to this 240-acre farm, called Araby. Soon troops were marching through or camping here in the . . . — Map (db m3278) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thomas Johnson
** Revolutionary Patriot ** Bosom Friend of Washington **** Diligent worker for independence and nominator of Washington for commander in chief of Continental Army ** Member of Council of Safety, Continental Congress and of Maryland Convention . . . — Map (db m103773) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thomas Johnson
In Memorium Thomas Johnson Son of Thomas Johnson and Dorcas Sedwick Born Calvert Co. November 4, 1732 Died in Frederick Co. October 25 1819 First Governor of Maryland 1777 - 1779 Erected by some of his descendants . . . — Map (db m106019) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Thomas Johnson
** Revolutionary Patriot ** Bosom Friend of Washington **** Diligent worker for independence and nominator of Washington for commander in chief of Continental Army ** Member of Council of Safety, Continental Congress and of . . . — Map (db m106718) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Through a Child's EyesMonocacy National Battlefield
On the morning of July 9, six-year-old Glenn Worthington was ushered into the farmhouse cellar with his family and their slaves. The windows had been boarded with thick oak boards and tubs of drinking water were placed in the cellar. Young Glenn . . . — Map (db m89981) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Tyler’s-Spite House
112 West Church St. Has been placed on the National Register Of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1814 — Map (db m2724) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Ulysses Grant Bourne
In this Property at 30 West All Saints Street Ulysses Grant Bourne (March 17, 1873 - July 15, 1958) practiced medicine from 1903 to 1953. Founder & first President of the Maryland Negro Medical Society; co-founder Frederick . . . — Map (db m107200) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Unanimous Resolution
“It is the unanimous resolution and opinion of this court that all the business thereof shall and ought to be transacted in the usual and accustomed manner, without any inconvenience or delay to be occasioned from the want of stamped paper, . . . — Map (db m103840) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — United States Army General Hospital #1Civil War Period
This site marks important advances in the history of military medicine. Here Army doctors, nurses, and Daughters of Charity shaped its practice in modern form. Caregivers treated at this 18 acre complex over 30,000 sick and wounded soldiers, Union . . . — Map (db m103419) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — USS Francis Scott Key (SSBN 657)
Front: The first ship of the fleet named for Francis Scott Key, Author of the National Anthem. Born 1 August 1773, Died 11 January 1843. Wrote the verse for our National Anthem "The Star Spangled Banner" during the British Fleet's bombardment of . . . — Map (db m75756) HM WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Veterans Memorial

Veterans Buried In This Cemetery

French and Indian War 1754 - 1763

Revolutionary War 1775 - 1783

Whiskey Rebellion 1791 - 1794

War of 1812 1812 - 1815

Mexican War 1846 - 1848

Civil War 1861 - 1865

Indian . . . — Map (db m103215) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Veterans Memorial Bell Tower

Ship's bell from the USS Frederick Commissioned 1906 as the USS Maryland

Dedicated November 11, 1998 in fond memory of J. Alfred Cutsail — Map (db m103284) HM WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Vietnam Era Memorial1964 • 1975

In honor of those who served — Map (db m103286) HM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — War of 1812 SoldierJohn Balderson — Abt 1790-Oct. 19, 1852
Private in the MD Militia under Col. Henry Carberry in 1813, and in the 1st Regt. MD Militia under Capt. John Brengle from Aug. 25 to Sep. 19, 1814. He fought at the Battle of North Point. — Map (db m108091) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — War of 1812 SoldierJoseph Adlum — Abt. 1778-Aug. 24 1844
2nd Sergeant in the 1st Regt. MD Militia under Capt. John Brengle from Aug. 25 to Sep. 10, 1814, and fought at the Battle of North Point. — Map (db m108092) WM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — William Tyler PageBoyhood Home
William Tyler Page Though born in marked house One-half block south Lived his boyhood days in this house Placed by Frederick Chapter, N.S.D.A.R. October 18, 1955 — Map (db m89034) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — World War II Veterans Memorial

We honor our men and women who served in World War II

Killed in Action Frank W. Albaugh • Garfield H. Ambrose • Benjamin W. Anderson • Charles W. Andrews • Sherman E. Axline • John S. Baer • Franklin E. Baker • Gerald L. Baker • . . . — Map (db m103365) WM

Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Worthington House
Fields of wheat and corn surrounded the hilltop farmhouse of John T. Worthington. Few trees obstructed his views of the meandering Monocacy River and Thomas farm to the east. In the two years since buying the 300-acre farm, Worthington had seen . . . — Map (db m3283) HM
Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — Worthington-McKinney Ford
11:00 a.m.-3:00 p.m. July 9, 1864 Confederate troops succeeded in finding their way across the Monocacy River at the foot of this hill. Brig. Gen. John McCausland's 350 cavalrymen came up over the hill and assembled on the front yard of the . . . — Map (db m3285) HM

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