When Dee Wright began work in 1910, he did not know where 24 years in the Forest Service would take him. Packing supplies for fire camps, work crews and lookouts; locating part of the Pacific Crest trail; and stories around the campfire all found . . . — — Map (db m114237) HM
This observation point has been provided to facilitate public enjoyment of the unusual and interesting combination of historical and geological features nearby. The development was planned and supervised by the Willamette National Forest and . . . — — Map (db m114229) HM
This is a portion of the McKenzie Salt Springs and Deschutes Wagon Road constructed during the period 1866-1872. The route across these lava fields was rough and torturous. However it was 1,000 feet lower in elevation than the older Scott Trail . . . — — Map (db m114227) HM
On the knoll behind this sign once stood a rustic cabin in which pioneer mailman John Templeton Craig died in December 1877.
Craig, who was 56, had been employed to carry the mail between McKenzie Bridge and Camp Polk, near Sisters.
While . . . — — Map (db m114234) HM
In 1862 Felix Scott led a crew of 50 men who blazed a trail across the Cascade Mountains following an old Indian trail which skirted lava flows.
Scott hoped to use the new route to take supplies to gold fields in Idaho.
His trail was . . . — — Map (db m114245) HM
I was hired as a stone mason LEM for the Civilian Conservation Corps.
What’s a LEM you ask? Local Experienced Men.
Know all ‘bout stone masonry and it was wisely reasoned to pepper experienced man about the young Corps enrollees.
They’re . . . — — Map (db m114238) HM
In 1846 Levi Scott, together with Jesse and Lindsay Applegate, led an expedition that established the southern route to Oregon from Ft. Hall, Idaho. He was also elected to guide the first emigrants over the new route. Scott's significant role in the . . . — — Map (db m112910) HM
Slowed by rugged trail conditions, weather, and weary teams, emigrants in 1846 entered the southern Willamette Valley in dire circumstances. Transit of the mountains between the Rogue River and the Willamette watershed took a terrible toll - . . . — — Map (db m112911) HM
Roads and rights-of-way were serious public considerations on the Oregon frontier. Market roads, territorial roads and county roads were the lifelines of commerce and communication. River Road - the road upon which you are standing - was once a . . . — — Map (db m112909) HM
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette Valley and east to Fort Hall. This route offered emigrants an alternative to the perilous "last leg" of the Oregon Trail down the . . . — — Map (db m112908) HM
The Centennial Bridge was built in 1987 to celebrate the 100th anniversary of Cottage Grove. It was built by volunteers with recycled timbers from the Brumbaugh and Meadows bridges, and paid for with donations. Its Howe truss spans 84' and rests on . . . — — Map (db m99285) HM
The trail to Oregon was never a single set of wagon ruts etched from Missouri to the Willamette Valley. Wagons often traveled abreast through valleys and plains sometimes widening the trail several miles. In the mountains they constantly attempted . . . — — Map (db m112912) HM
Site of the home of A. W. and Amanda Patterson. He was a pioneer Lane County doctor and surveyor who plotted a greater part of Eugene. In 1853, Patterson was also a member of the Oregon legislature and was instrumental in establishing the University . . . — — Map (db m112888) HM
Albert "Al" Gore, Jr., 45th Vice President of
the United States, is known for his ongoing
work regarding environmental issues. The
2007 Nobel Peace Prize was awarded jointly
to Al Gore and the Intergovernmental Panel
on Climate Change for . . . — — Map (db m157549) HM
American Friends Service Committee (AFSC),
is a Quaker-affiliated organization committed
to social justice, peace and humanitarian
service. In 1947, the Nobel Peace Prize was
awarded to the AFSC and the Friends Service
Council for their work to . . . — — Map (db m157434) HM
The Nobel Peace Prize
"...to the person who shall have done the most or
the best work for fraternity between nations, for the
abolition or reduction of standing armies and for the
holding and promotion of peace congresses. . . . — — Map (db m157418) HM
Barack Obama, 44th President of the United States,
worked to unite people in support of the value of
public service. President Obama was awarded the
Nobel Peace Prize in 2009 for his extraordinary
efforts to strengthen international diplomacy . . . — — Map (db m157492) HM
Charles G. Dawes, 30th Vice-President of the
United States, served as chairman of the
World War I Allied Reparations Commission.
Dawes achieved worldwide support for his
five-year plan to stabilize the German economy
and manage the country's . . . — — Map (db m157552) HM
Cordell Hull, Secretary of State for 11 years during
President Franklin Roosevelt's administration, worked
with countries to increase trade and lower taxes on
imports and exports. During WWII, Hull worked
to improve cooperation among the Allied . . . — — Map (db m157463) HM
Eliezer "Elie” Wiesel was a writer, professor and
survivor of the Holocaust. His writings on the
Holocaust helped the deepening understanding
of the tragic event across the world. As a
human rights activist, he worked for better
treatment . . . — — Map (db m157483) HM
Elihu Root, lawyer and statesman, dedicated
his life to solving international disputes. Root
believed a world court was the best way to solve
problems between countries. As Secretary of
State, he worked to improve the relationship
between Japan . . . — — Map (db m157473) HM
During the first half of the 20th century, Ellis Fuller Lawrence was one of Oregon's foremost architects. In 1914, he became the founder and first dean of the School of Architecture and Allied Arts at the University of Oregon. During his 32 year . . . — — Map (db m99251) HM
Emily G. Balch, academic and pacifist, lost her
professorship with Wellesley College for opposing
WWI. She was a strong voice for settling problems
in a peaceful way. Between the World Wars,
she worked on League of Nation projects . . . — — Map (db m157435) HM
Frank Kellogg, Secretary of State 1925-1929,
believed in the peaceful resolution of international
disputes. He signed 80 treaties and co-authored
the Kellogg-Briand Pact, a treaty discouraging war
as a way of solving problems between . . . — — Map (db m157548) HM
(The following two of four interpretive displays located in this park highlight Eugene Skinner):(First Display)
Eugene and Mary Skinner emigrated in 1845 to California, and then moved north to settle temporarily in Polk . . . — — Map (db m116805) HM
George C. Marshall, Chief of Staff of the U.S. Army during WWII, organized the largest military expansion in U.S. history. As Secretary of State in 1947, he formulated the Marshall Plan. This unprecedented program of economic and military aid to . . . — — Map (db m157471) HM
A rock or boulder carried from its original source by an act of nature is called an erratic. This granite erratic was deposited near Harrisburg, Oregon about 12,000 years ago. Geologists say it was carried there by an iceberg during the . . . — — Map (db m99224) HM
Dr. Henry Kissinger, Secretary of State during
the Nixon Administration, played a major role in
diplomatic relations with the Soviet Union and the
People's Republic of China. Kissinger called for the
abolition of nuclear weapons. In 1973, Dr. . . . — — Map (db m157522) HM
International Physicians for the Prevention
of Nuclear War (IPPNW) has a membership
of over 150,000 physicians from over 40
nations. The organization greatly influenced
the creation of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation
and Comprehensive Nuclear . . . — — Map (db m157464) HM
Jane Addams, social worker and internationalist,
served as president of the Women's International
League for Peace and Freedom. She was expelled
from the Daughters of the American Revolution
for opposing United States entry into WWI.
Jane . . . — — Map (db m157554) HM
James "Jimmy” Carter, 39th President of the
United States, is well known for his conflict
mediation efforts in the Middle East, Haiti
and Panama. In 2002, Carter was honored
for his continuing efforts in finding peaceful
solutions to . . . — — Map (db m157525) HM
Jody Williams, founding coordinator of the
International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL),
has spoken extensively on the problem of landmines
and the movement to ban them. She worked with
the ICBL to convince 121 countries to sign the Mine
Ban . . . — — Map (db m157438) HM
John R. Mott, church leader and statesman,
was the head of the YMCA and the World
Student Christian Federation. He served
as ambassador and negotiator for the U.S.
government. During the World Wars, Mott
worked to improve conditions in prisoner . . . — — Map (db m157546) HM
Linus Pauling, scientist, formed the Emergency
Committee of Atomic Scientists to petition against
nuclear weapons. Pauling was awarded the Nobel
Peace Prize in 1962 for his campaign against nuclear
weapons testing. His influence contributed to . . . — — Map (db m157501) HM
Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., minister and civil rights
activist, was a powerful orator and prominent leader
in the African-American Civil Rights Movement.
He had a significant impact on race relations in the
United States. In 1964, Dr. King . . . — — Map (db m157462) HM
Nicolas Murray Butler, educator and diplomat, was
president of Columbia University for 43 years. As
an educator, he made great changes to teacher
education, leading to better public schools. He was
honored for his work with the Carnegie . . . — — Map (db m157465) HM
Dr. Norman Borlaug, agronomist and father of the
Green Revolution, was dedicated to using science
to increase the food supply and combat world
hunger. His scientific and agricultural practices had a significant impact on food production in . . . — — Map (db m157474) HM
Site of the home of A.W. and Amanda Patterson. He was a pioneer Lane County doctor and surveyor who plotted a greater part of Eugene. In 1853, Patterson was also a member of the Oregon Legislature and was instrumental in establishing the University . . . — — Map (db m99248) HM
This piece of petrified wood was found near the mouth of Moffett Creek when the Columbia River Highway was widened in 1950. The wood turned to stone as the fiber of the original tree, which lived during the early Miocene age (26 million years ago), . . . — — Map (db m99223) HM
Ralph J. Bunche, U.S. diplomat and a key member of
the United Nations, believed that conflicts could be
resolved through negotiation and without force. He
dedicated much of his life to achieving the goal of
international peace. Dr. Bunche . . . — — Map (db m157541) HM
(The following two of four interpretive displays located in this park highlight the Applegate Trail):
In 1846, Jesse Applegate and fourteen others from near Dallas, Oregon, established a trail south from the Willamette . . . — — Map (db m116803) HM
The International Campaign to Ban Landmines (ICBL),
founded in 1992 by Jody Williams, is a global network
of some 100 countries working for a world free of
landmines. The Campaign (ICBL) was awarded the
Nobel Peace Prize in recognition of its . . . — — Map (db m157440) HM
Theodore Roosevelt, 26th President of the United States,
encouraged peace agreements between nations at war,
and believed cooperation among nations could solve
international problems. During the war between Russia
and Japan he brought the . . . — — Map (db m157425) HM
Once described as "Eugene's pioneer colored citizen", and "one of the most industrious colored men in Eugene", Wiley Griffon was well known on the streets of Eugene. A tram operator, he drove the city's "horse" drawn trolleys. These trolleys . . . — — Map (db m112881) HM
Woodrow Wilson, 28th President of the United States,
created a plan for peace at the end of World War I.
The Fourteen Points agreement was part of his League
of Nations idea, which was the forerunner of the
United Nations. President Wilson was . . . — — Map (db m157493) HM
Can you feel the sea wind?
The lighthouse can, too!
For a lighthouse, standing out in the sea spray and storm winds is part of the job description.
For more than a century of working life, Heceta Head Lighthouse has taken a . . . — — Map (db m113303) HM
From top to bottom, Heceta Head Lighthouse
is built to guide from afar.
The light’s height was most likely chosen to maximize its range while minimizing the chances it would be hidden by fog.
Unlike most Fresnel lenses of the day, . . . — — Map (db m113304) HM
Early industries in the Florence area were built on the natural resources that the Siuslaw River Valley had to offer. The rivers were filled with swarming salmon and the forests held acres of old growth timber. Those abundant natural resources . . . — — Map (db m93894) HM
Built in 1938 as the "Florence Theatre," the facade displays a stucco exterior. After an internal fire in 1957, it was refurnished and renamed the Harbor Theater. One of the last neighborhood theaters operating in Oregon, it continued dispensing . . . — — Map (db m113263) HM
Would you make it as a
Heceta Head Lighthouse keeper?
Imagine living here, part of a tiny, isolated community whose lives revolved around the beacon of Heceta Head Light. You would:
Work day and night to keep the light in good . . . — — Map (db m113305) HM
Lighthouses are not just scenic structures – they are life-saving innovations.
In the 19th century, most traffic sailed by offshore. To steer true, and to avoid hazards such as reefs and shoals, ship captains needed land-based . . . — — Map (db m113916) HM
Constructed in 1912, this Southern Pacific Railroad Depot served Mapleton, a community 15 miles east of Florence. With the widening of Highway 126 in 1976, it was saved from demolition by local contractor, Mike Johnson, and rebuilt on the present . . . — — Map (db m113262) HM
The connection to the Pacific Ocean by way of the Siuslaw River made Florence a natural hub for industry. The shifting river channel and mouth made early navigation unpredictable. The lack of stable conditions made establishing a thriving harbor . . . — — Map (db m93912) HM
This headland has attracted and challenged centuries of travelers.
For centuries, Siuslaw, Yachats and Alsea Tribes were drawn to the rich marine resources at Heceta Head.
As they hunted, fished, and traveled, they established . . . — — Map (db m113442) HM
The Siuslaw River Bridge was built as part of the Coast Bridges Project.
It is one of five designed by Conde B. McCullough and built during the Great Depression from 1934 to 1936.
The Coast Bridges Project was funded through the Public Works . . . — — Map (db m113260) HM
Constructing Over the Siuslaw
The Siuslaw River Bridge incorporates Art Deco, Moderne, Gothic, and Egyptian influence that were important to McCullough. Due to its ability to open at the center, the Siuslaw River Bridge best represents . . . — — Map (db m113537) HM
If this historic bridge and tunnel weren’t here, what would it be like to cross Cape Creek?
Engineers building the Pacific Coast Highway in the early 1930s encountered an unusual challenge here at Cape Creek, a deep, offset gorge, . . . — — Map (db m113301) HM
Built in 1901 by William Kyle, this false-fronted Italianate commercial structure served as a mercantile store until 1961, the upstairs as a social center.
Restoration began in 1971, culminating in it being placed on the National Register of . . . — — Map (db m176990) HM
Originally named First Street then later Front Street, Bay Street was renamed in the mid-1950s by the Florence Garden Club.
Historically known as the city center of Florence, Bay Street held much of the government and commerce functions. Once . . . — — Map (db m113261) HM
Early in the twentieth century, Danish immigrants settled in and around Junction City. Like most immigrants they came to stay and live like other Americans, but that did not mean abandoning their ethnic heritage. As one letter writer explained to . . . — — Map (db m117073) HM
Born of a vision that was not to be fully realized, Junction City was platted in 1870 by Ben Holladay, the West Coast railroad promoter. Holladay was building the Oregon & California Railroad south from Portland, laying track on both the east and . . . — — Map (db m119466) HM
Junction City was incorporated as a town on October 29, 1872 by an act of the Oregon Legislative Assembly. One of the first contracts let by the city was awarded May, 1873 to Thomas Humphrey to build a city jail which was completed at a cost of . . . — — Map (db m119412) HM
This picturesque building was the home of the city's first doctor. The home’s one story back part was built prior to 1872 and was pulled by horses from the nearby community of Lancaster, about 2 miles northeast on Highway 99E. The two-story section . . . — — Map (db m119470) HM
Of this type of railway locomotive, only Engine 418 and a sister, Engine 293, remain. Engine 293 is on permanent display at a Leningrad museum in Russia.
Engine 418 was built in Tampere, Finland, in 1904. In 1939-40 it saw services during the . . . — — Map (db m119461) HM
Oregon's rivers echoed with the sound of saws, axes, and the other industrious banging of hammers as work crews erected hundreds of bridges during the height of the covered bridge era. Bridge construction typically started with the abutments that . . . — — Map (db m112924) HM
After lengthy journeys across inhospitable deserts and mountains in the early 1800s, weary travelers arrived in the Willamette Basin. Lane County's first Euro-American settler, Elijah Bristow, arrived in June of 1846, making his 640-acre claim at . . . — — Map (db m112926) HM
At the turn of the century, the wild frontier was rapidly shifting to settled land and the Forest Reserves (predecessor to the Forest Service) quickly became an integral part of life in the region. "Forest Rangers" (a new breed of working men) . . . — — Map (db m112929) HM
At the turn of the 20th century, wagonloads of settlers and supplies traveling along the old Oregon Central Military Wagon Road stopped here to board Amos D. Hyland's ferry to cross the Willamette River. As more and more settlers traveled the route, . . . — — Map (db m112920) HM
Just across the reservoir, Lowell took root in the 1850s at Amos D. Hyland's homestead. First called Cannon, then later dubbed Lowell, the town grew up around Hyland's general store and large hop-processing yard. Hyland also operated a ferry that . . . — — Map (db m112930) HM
In Oregon's early days, emigrants came in droves to live along the Willamette River, but they soon discovered its volatile nature. Floods inundated the valley, property was destroyed, and lives were lost. The Army Corps of Engineers was given the . . . — — Map (db m112931) HM
Powerful floods, heavy traffic loads, vandalism, and neglect have led to the demise of hundreds of historic covered bridges. As vehicles and logging trucks got bigger, covered bridges, such as this one, were built with wider and higher portals. . . . — — Map (db m112919) HM
First Sergeant, United States Army, Company A, 4th Battalion, 9th Infantry, 25th Infantry Division. Place and Date: Near Phu Hoa Dong, Republic of Vietnam, 26 February 1967. Place and Date: January 29, 1932, Lodi, California. Citation: For . . . — — Map (db m116432) HM WM
Elijah Bristow, a veteran of Andrew Jackson's army, erected his cabin here on Pleasant Hill in 1846, earliest year of settlement in Lane County. He and his wife Susannah then led in establishing the county's first church and first school. This . . . — — Map (db m99218) HM
In 1845 Elijah Bristow and his wife (Susannah Gabbart Bristow) left their home in Illinois and traveled overland to California. They came to Oregon in the spring of 1846, following the Hudson's Bay trappers' route to the northern Willamette Valley. . . . — — Map (db m99220) HM
(panel 1) The Goodpasture Bridge is a reminder of an earlier era, when covered bridges were common sights for motorists on Oregon’s back roads. But this bridge is more than just a quaint remnant — it’s still an . . . — — Map (db m113714) HM