A US Navy radio station here at Otter Cliffs served as the most important World War I facility for receiving transatlantic messages – including the first bulletin about the armistice. Alessandro Fabbri, a wealthy island resident and inventor, . . . — — Map (db m106555) HM
George B. Dorr, a gentleman scholar and lover of nature, devoted most of his adult life to the creation, maintenance, and expansion of Acadia National Park. The son of affluent Bostonians, Dorr first visited Mount Desert Island in 1868 and later . . . — — Map (db m106594) HM
Mount Desert Island's coastal waters have always held dangers for boats and ships - rocky shoreline, hidden ledges, and small islands that hide in the fog.
Since 1875, Egg Rock Lighthouse perched on the craggy island before you, has helped . . . — — Map (db m25481) HM
Agamont Park is named after the Agamont House, built by Tobias Roberts in 1857 as Bar Harbor's first hotel. It burned down in 1888. The unusual name was supposedly given by his granddaughter who called this hill on the water "Aqua . . . — — Map (db m78293) HM
A resident and lover of Mount Desert Island who commanded the United States Naval Radio Station upon this site from its establishment on August 28, 1917 until December 12, 1919.
At the end of the World War he was awarded the Navy Cross. His . . . — — Map (db m54436) WM
Two surviving Rodman/Dahlgren Cannon mounted on nearby Egg Rock in 1898 as part of the Coastal Defense Battery at Frenchman’s Bay, Bar Harbor.
This plaque honors those men and women who have fought in the defense of our country. — — Map (db m105401) HM WM
After being privately owned by several families such as the Rodicks and Pineos, the long period of arguments over its development and ideas to build a bridge to Bar Harbor lasted until John D. Rockefeller, Jr. quietly purchased the . . . — — Map (db m105932) HM
Cadillac Mountin is Acadia National Park's highest elevation and most comprehensive viewpoint. It is also the highest point on the United States Atlantic Coast (1,500 feet/466m). If you stood here alone at dawn you might be the first person in the . . . — — Map (db m54448) HM
Like small towns across America, Bar Harbor has endured its share of growing pains and seen many changes to the village streetscape since its permanent settlement by Europeans in 1763. Gone are the early settlers' homes, the old boarding houses, the . . . — — Map (db m184635) HM
The Criterion Theatre opened June 6, 1932 with a vaudeville and picture show. The building was built by George McKay at a cost of $150,000. The original Art Deco interior is one of its most outstanding features. The “flying” . . . — — Map (db m184667) HM
As you explore Acadia National Park, you will discover private property interspersed with park lands. Many large national parks, like Yellowstone and Grand Canyon, were carved from the public domain as single, vast tracts of land. Acadia, in . . . — — Map (db m54410) HM
Vessels of all types have plied the waters of Frenchman Bay for centuries. Five thousand years ago, indigenous people may have paddled dugout canoes into the bay to reach fishing grounds or hunt sea mammals and swordfish. More recently, Wabanaki . . . — — Map (db m25475) HM
This gated lodge was built in 1932 to keep motor vehicles off of John D. Rockefeller, Jr.’s carriage roads and out of Acadia’s interior. Rockefeller hired New York architect Grosvenor Atterbury to design the building in harmony with the natural . . . — — Map (db m77194) HM
When the ice that covered this land slowly melted, it dropped in its tracks great accumulations of gravel and rocks. Boulders transported and deposited by glaciers are called "erratics." Erratics are rounded and noticeably different in composition . . . — — Map (db m25491) HM
Rounded mountains, a deep lake, and sheer cliffs reveal this valley’s icy past. But long before glaciers sculpted Acadia’s surface, the granite foundation was forged deep in the Earth. Over 500 million years ago, colliding continents created a mass . . . — — Map (db m106544) HM
The Holy Redeemer Catholic Church was built in 1907 at a cost of $44,000 contributed almost entirely by the maids and workmen of the town. The church has its own patron, Saint Katharine Mary Drexel, canonized in 2000 during a . . . — — Map (db m184669) HM
Beneath the ocean’s surface lies a rugged seafloor much like the mountainous terrain around you. Over the last two million years, a series of glaciers scoured and shaped this land. The last of these icy bulldozers left a mound of rocky debris . . . — — Map (db m106584) HM
Frenchman Bay extends seven miles between Mount Desert Island and the Schoodic Peninsula, which lies beyond the Porcupine Islands. For centuries, humans have plied these bountiful waters to fish, trade, and enjoy the scenery. In the long struggle . . . — — Map (db m105628) HM
Since the early 1800s, Otter Creek has been the site of a fishing village with wharfs and fish houses on the waterfront and homes on the hills. Residents caught fish, dried them on racks along the cove, and shipped them to Boston and other cities. . . . — — Map (db m106553) HM
The recovery of the peregrine falcon is one of the great environmental success stories of our time. Although they once nested on the east face of Champlain Mountain above you, by 1964 peregrines had become extinct throughout the eastern United . . . — — Map (db m54409) HM
Sometimes air pollution obscures views like this from Cadillac Mountain and poses a threat to human health, Acadia’s water quality, and vegetation. A large percentage of the pollution comes from out of state. Converging air currents from the South . . . — — Map (db m105914)
Along Acadia National Park's rocky shores, there is only one sand beach. Over 15,000 years ago glacial ice carved out this valley. Melting glaciers and rising sea waters flooded it, creating a protected cove. A headland and a rock shelf offshore . . . — — Map (db m54411) HM
Explore the beach and discover a complex mix of marine life – and former lives – revealed in each handful of sand. As much as 70% of the sand consists of broken shells of mussels, sea urchins, barnacles, and periwinkles – signs of . . . — — Map (db m106590) HM
This spring was truly a magnificent one...wonderfully placed, with the mountains rising steeply up beside it, contrasting with the Great and Little Meadow lands on either side.
George B. Dorr, 1942
Like others before him, George B. . . . — — Map (db m54408) HM
As Acadia’s seasons change, so too does this view. Spring signals tightly wound ferns to unfurl their feathery foliage. Warming weather teases luna moths from their cocoons. As long summer days approach, bright green leaves of the birch trees . . . — — Map (db m105906) HM
Hearing the thunder here is all about timing. The best time to witness the boom and spray is two hours before high tide. If the ocean is calm or the tide is low, you may just hear gurgling. What causes the thunder? Over eons the restless forces of . . . — — Map (db m106582) HM
The founders of this parish named their congregation in honor of the Holy Saviour, Jesus, and in recognition of the first Christian mission, St. Sauveur, on the island by French Jesuits in 1613.
The Heartbeat of Life
God . . . — — Map (db m54407) HM
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — — Map (db m54441) HM
In October 1947 a series of fires lasting 26 days blazed across more than 25 square miles of Mount Desert Island. The fire seriously threatened Bar harbor, and transformed most of the landscape before you into an apparent wasteland. It consumed 170 . . . — — Map (db m25478) HM
The original Abbe Museum, which still exists at Sieur de Monts Spring, was founded by Dr. Robert Abbe, a surgeon from New York and a Bar Harbor summer resident, who assembled a collection of early Native American artifacts found in . . . — — Map (db m105929) HM
Frenchman Bay, in front of you, and other prominent names commemorate the region’s rich French heritage, “Acadia” stems from “Arcadia,” a term used by Giovanni Verrazano’s expedition to describe the Atlantic coast in 1524. . . . — — Map (db m105626) HM
Established before 1790 holds in many unmarked and unknown graves the remains of those courageous men and women pioneers on the frontier of downeast Maine. Sea captains, fishermen and farmers, shipwrights and hotelmen, selectmen and legislators, . . . — — Map (db m54389) HM
The Village Green was originally the site of the 350-room Grand Hotel. Many stories have been told about the immature Boston boys and the cultured Philadelphia girls who socialized around the “fish pond” at the nearby Rodick House. . . . — — Map (db m105922) HM
Mrs. John S. Kennedy had the YWCA built in 1913 to provide housing for young women who came to town to work in the many summer cottages. It continues to provide housing for women to this day.
The Jesup Memorial Library was built . . . — — Map (db m105925) HM
Here you can witness an ageless battle - the surging power of the ocean vs. the steadfastness of rock. Thunder Hole (just below) is a large, partly submerged crevice with vertical granite walls, one of many such chasms along this shore. When waves . . . — — Map (db m25486) HM
Built as a ranger residence in 1934, the Thunder Hole ranger station later housed the first interpretive displays in the park. Rangers were stationed here to answer visitor questions and present programs about the park.
The Civilian Conservation . . . — — Map (db m54414) HM
On foot, by rail, by road – people have made their way to the summit of Cadillac Mountain for centuries. Noticing the influx of vacationing rusticators in the late 1800s, entrepreneur Frank Clergue devised an ambitious system in which . . . — — Map (db m105903) HM
Sand Beach is a geologic rarity – one of the few cold-water, shell-based sand beaches in the world. Sand beaches are uncommon in Maine, because cold water traps gases that dissolve seashells and most of the coastline consists of hard granite that . . . — — Map (db m106587)
Located in the center of town, this 1.5 acre site was originally home to the Grand Central Hotel, which was torn down in 1899. That same year, the Town of Bar Harbor purchased the land, set it aside as public open space and
leased it to the . . . — — Map (db m184630) HM
You are standing on granite rock formed millions of years ago when a very hot liquid cooled deep below the Earth’s surface. Trapped in a magma chamber more than two miles deep, the 1,652°F (900° C) liquid crystallized into the mineral rich, pink . . . — — Map (db m105918) HM
Long before Europeans arrived, Wabanaki people hunted, fished, gathered berries, and harvested clams on what we now call Mount Desert Island and Acadia National Park. For generations, Wabanaki craftspeople sold handmade ash and sweet-grass baskets . . . — — Map (db m105696) HM
It is a job like no other. Most weeks, park rangers wear many hats. Some help people learn about wildlife. Others patrol trails, answer questions, and help folks stay safe. Some shine light on American history to build understanding of who we are . . . — — Map (db m106586) HM
house; dwelling; building; in Passamaquoddy and Maliseet The exhibit before you is a handmade, traditional birchbark wigwam originally built by Penobscot artist Barry Dana and his family in August 2011. Like all homes, it requires yearly . . . — — Map (db m105700) HM
Among the best known and most photographed spots in Maine, the Bass Harbor Head Light was built in 1858 to mark the bar across the eastern entrance to Blue Hill Bay. The grounds and residence of this facility now comprise the private residence of . . . — — Map (db m3813) HM
Bass Harbor Head Light stands at the southernmost tip of Mount Desert Island and marks the entrance to Blue Hill Bay and Bass Harbor. Since 1858 it has warned mariners of navigational hazards along this rocky shore.
In the nineteenth century, . . . — — Map (db m95426) HM
Maine boasts more than 70 lighthouses – an indication of the over 3,400 miles of shoreline that weaves in and out of craggy cliffs and cobble beaches along this rugged coast. Built on rocky promontories and offshore islands, the lighthouses . . . — — Map (db m105672) HM
Photo captions starting center left at main illustration and going clockwise:
On July 28, 1779, in what is known as the Penobscot Expedition, American forces led by the Marines stormed the western bluffs of the . . . — — Map (db m145059) HM
To take advantage of electricity supplied from the Wyman Dam in Bingham construction began on the Bucksport Mill in 1928 on the site of a former tannery along the banks of the Penobscot River. In its early days, the mill produced newsprint that was . . . — — Map (db m148398) HM
Construction of Fort Knox began in 1844 and was halted while still unfinished 25 years and $1 million later. The Fort has never seen any military action. The largest of 133 total cannons fired a 315 pound shell 4,680 yards. The granite was . . . — — Map (db m55114) HM
A Good Sign
The sign post behind you symbolizes Bucksport's special place in the world, a town that many would proudly boast as unlike any other in the universe! People from all 4 corners of the
globe find their way here, some to visit, . . . — — Map (db m183890) HM
To the Top of the World
The beginnings of an historic journey to the
North Pole took place across the bay at the
McKay and Dix Shipyard on Verona Island
when the keel for a 185-foot, 650 ton wooden
sail-steamer named the . . . — — Map (db m183886) HM
The Penobscot River is a vital resource. In the 1700's it spawned numerous riverside communities, while the 1800's saw Bangor become the "lumber capital of the world", and Bucksport an international port renowned for shipbuilding. Crafted along . . . — — Map (db m55115) HM
A Past of Ports
The Penobscot River has played an important role in the history and development of the Town of Bucksport. This site where you are standing was once occupied by a commercial wharf, one of many along Bucksport's waterfront in . . . — — Map (db m183844) HM
"Panawap'skewtekw,” meaning "River of rocks spreading out” is the original, indigenous name for the Penobscot River. According to an ancient Penobscot legend, the river was created when Guards-Water, a giant frog monster . . . — — Map (db m183889) HM
At this site and adjacent to Mill Stream is the location of the first sawmill built in 1764 by Jonathan Buck. The mill provided boards, staves, shingles and clapboards needed by the settlers as well as for sale in Boston and more distant ports. The . . . — — Map (db m148399) HM
This monument was erected
in memory of Colonel Jonathan Buck,
founder of Bucksport, who died on March 13, 1798
The memorial, built of Blue Hill granite, was erected
by his descendents nearly sixty years after his death.
Sometime after its . . . — — Map (db m145041) HM
In 1763 Jonathan Buck settled the area, which was subesequently burned during the Revolutionary War. First incorporated as "Buckstown", the name was changed to "Bucksport" in 1817. In the 1800's Bucksport thrived as an international port. Later . . . — — Map (db m55112) HM
Battle on the River
In 1779, the early settlers of Bucksport witnessed a devastating military defeat for the Americans during the Revolutionary War. A fleet of 44 warships and support vessels from the Continental Navy Fleet set out on a . . . — — Map (db m183880) HM
This unique suspension bridge opened in 1931. The total span 2040 feet (about 7 football fields) at a height of 135 feet. Each 206 foot tower rests on a concrete pier, that required six days of continuously pouring concrete to build. Final cost for . . . — — Map (db m148396) HM
This Fortress, originally known by its garrison as FORT PENOBSCOT and named by Admiral Sir George Collier in his reports FORT CASTINE received its present designation from its builder, British general Francis McLean upon its completion in December . . . — — Map (db m77148) HM
This fort, originally known by its garrison as “Fort Penobscot” and named by Admiral Sir George Collier in his reports “Fort Castine” received its present designation from its builder, British general Francis McLean upon its . . . — — Map (db m77147) HM
Built in 1780 by Colonel Campbell, named in honor of his regiment, H.B.M. 74th - “The Argyle Highlanders,” following a southerly direction to the shore.
Upon the explosion of the Tory refugees - September-October, 1784, a . . . — — Map (db m77152) HM
In honor of the men of Ellsworth who served, and to the memory of those who fell on land and sea in the war for the Union, their grateful townsmen have raised this memorial.
1861 - 1887 — — Map (db m54537) WM
September 25, 1918
“Dismissal of Incompetent Persons
Any incompetent person or persons who may be employed on the work shall be removed on the requisition of the owner or engineer; and no person so removed shall . . . — — Map (db m102501) HM
Lester J. Lurvey • Ralph W. Reynolds
Leslie D. Wright • Julian G. Smith • Donald F. Graves
Joseph P. Chase Jr. • Francis G. Kelley
Kenneth F. Grindle • George M. Chilles
Robert . . . — — Map (db m54456) WM
You are standing by Somes Sound, one of only a few US fjards – glacially carved valleys drowned by the sea. This five-mile-long bay has attracted people for thousands of years. English homesteaders Abraham and Hannah Somes and James and . . . — — Map (db m106549) HM
You are standing beside the only fjord on the east coast of the United States. A fjord is a long, deep, and narrow valley carved by glaciers and flooded by the sea.
At this narrow place between Acadia and Norumbega Mountains, a concentrated ice . . . — — Map (db m54484) HM
Prospect Harbor and beyond: Beacons of
safety built to endure storm, tide and wave
Lighthouses are monuments to 19th century engineering and design with their hewn rock foundations, spiral staircases, sloping conical towers, and Fresnel lens. . . . — — Map (db m184521) HM
Established in 2017 for the citizens of Gouldsboro through the generosity of one of its own.
Gouldsboro peninsula is thirty thousand acres of granite, heath and shallow soil, two mountains and two ponds. On a point in West Gouldsboro, . . . — — Map (db m184603) HM
In 1932 the Dorcas Society,
a Christian women’s group in Prospect Harbor that did good works for the community with
money raised from sewing projects, erected a small building here with two rooms. One room was for sewing and the . . . — — Map (db m183938) HM
Prospect Harbor "is the home of sea
Captains…who sail the high seas…eleven in number. Many own ships built in the area."
"Roads of that time were few and bad" In contrast, the sea offered an open road to travel and trade. Winds blowing . . . — — Map (db m184556) HM
“The construction of these two lodges marks a step well considered in the development of the (carriage road) system and… marks a step in development of the whole island and for the Park, since such beautiful structures just . . . — — Map (db m102504) HM
Ancient ice and powerful waves worked for eons to round the cobbles that grace Acadia’s beaches. Glaciers carried many of them great distances to this spot. Now the sea endlessly tumbles them with local rock creating an ever-changing mosaic of . . . — — Map (db m106551) HM
A Part of History
Both Native Americans and early settlers enjoyed abundant harvests along this coastal shore. Each spring, thousands of adult alewives made an upstream pilgrimage, moving from salt water into the Mill Pond and up Somes Brook . . . — — Map (db m54520) HM
Many of Maine’s beaches are covered with cobblestones, but here powerful ocean storms have assembled them into a massive seawall. As the waves break, they scour rocks from the base of the beach and carry them up on the shore. As the tide rises, the . . . — — Map (db m105668) HM
This stone cutter proudly stands as a tribute to the many workers whose labor and dedication have made this region known internationally as the home of Deer Isle Granite.
The sculpture by William Muir was given to the Town of Stonington by . . . — — Map (db m145043) HM
Dedicated in honor of the service men and women of Stonington who served their country in time of war and peace and in cherished memory of those who sacrificed their lives in the cause of American liberty — — Map (db m86970) WM
In the 1800s when ship building, quarrying and mining thrived, enterprising businessmen built boarding houses and hotels to house the many laborers. Blacksmith shops, livery stables, grocery and feed stores, and a meat shop flourished as well. . . . — — Map (db m54711) HM
With the help of steamship & train travel in the late 1800s, summer tourism peaked. But within a few short decades, the age of the auto and better roads to Bar Harbor - plus closing mines and quarries - led to decades of gradual economic . . . — — Map (db m54709) HM
All the mountains that you see are part of Acadia National Park
The Age of Sail lingered into the 1900s as sailing ships proved more economical than steamships for carrying heavy cargos such as granite.
Generations of watercraft ply . . . — — Map (db m54707) HM
Bass Harbor Head Light stands at the southern most tip of Mount Desert Island and marks the entrance to Blue Hill Bay and Bass Harbor. Since 1858 it has warned mariners of navigation hazards along this rocky shore.
In the nineteenth century, the . . . — — Map (db m102500) HM
Directly across Frenchman Bay... the beautiful group of islands, which, like stepping stones, form a connecting line to Mount Desert... Pennsylvania Railroad Company's Summer Excursion Book, 1891 Water was the primary . . . — — Map (db m184514) HM
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