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Waterways & Vessels Historical Markers

 
Anchoring the Dredge Marker image, Touch for more information
By Barry Swackhamer, June 29, 2017
Anchoring the Dredge Marker
Oregon (Baker County), Sumpter — Anchoring the DredgeThe Biggest Spud You Ever Saw
As you look at the tailings in an aerial photograph or along the road, you'll see that they're played out in neat lines. Why are they straight? Because the dredge had an "anchor" to keep it going forward in a line, rather than wandering over the . . . — Map (db m111245) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — River Transport
The first steamboat to reach Corvallis was the sidewheeler Canemah in October of 1851. With this arrival, Corvallis joined Oregon's steamboat era, with tis stories of risk, profit, rivalries, mergers, heroics, innovation and disasters. . . . — Map (db m117465) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — Site of the Earliest Boat LandingLower Town, Marysville, 1851
Site of the earliest boat landing Lower Town, Marysville, 1851 Presented to City of Corvallis, Oregon Centennial Celebration, June 1957 by the Winema Chapter Daughters of the American Revolution — Map (db m107333) HM
Oregon (Benton County), Corvallis — The Corvallis Ferry
Ferry service across the Willamette River was established by William F. Dixon, co-founder of Corvallis, in 1848. The service continued for 65 years until the opening of the Van Buren Street Bridge in 1913. In the 1860s, the ferry was operated . . . — Map (db m117447) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Lake Oswego — Oswego Landing
In the early 19th century, the river landing at the mouth of Oswego Creek was a convenient camping place for explorers, fur traders, and pioneers. In the words of one old timer, it was "a stopping place, a sort of a relay station for boats both . . . — Map (db m121328) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Oregon City — Lot WhitcombTownsite Founder
Lot Whitcomb, proprietor of the town, gave two lots and an unfinished building that had cost him about $1,000 - the first Episcopal church building in Oregon. His wife, Irene, suffered from asthma. Believing Oregon a healthy place, in . . . — Map (db m114171) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), West Linn — M13 — Willamette Falls LocksOregon History
Still in use below this point-were opened on New Years Day, 1873, when the steamer Maria Wilkins became the first vessel to navigate up the west end of Willamette Falls. Farming and shipping interests had long sought to eliminate expensive portages . . . — Map (db m8667) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Boone’s Landing
Many of Oregon’s early transportation routes resulted from the efforts of enterprising pioneers like the Boone family of Clackamas County. In 1846 Alphonso Boone, grandson of Daniel Boone, emigrated to Oregon via the Applegate Trail with his large . . . — Map (db m127162) HM
Oregon (Clackamas County), Wilsonville — Site of the Train Depot
The Oregon Electric Railway was completed during the first decade of the 1900s, coming initially from Portland to Wilsonville, then on to Salem and Eugene after construction of a mile-long trestle across the Willamette River was completed in 1907. . . . — Map (db m127219) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Arch Cape — Cannon Beach
Lt. Neil M. Howison, U.S.N., arrived in the Columbia River 1 July, 1846 on board the 300-ton United States Naval Survey Schooner "Shark" for the purpose of making an investigation of part of the Oregon Country. His report was instrumental in . . . — Map (db m113513) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — "Ocian in view, O! the Joy..."
The Corps of Discovery traveled thousands of miles and endured many hardships to reach the Pacific Ocean in mid-November 1805. The last sixteen miles down the Columbia River took ten days because of bad weather. The explorers huddled among the . . . — Map (db m113006) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — 14th Street Ferry SlipCapt. Fritz Elfving and the Astoria-North Beach Ferry Co.
In 1921, responding to increasing popularity of travel by automobile, Captain Fritz Elfving formed the Astoria-North Beach Ferry Company to transport passengers and cars across the Columbia River. His ferry slip on the Oregon side of the river . . . — Map (db m113269) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — A Great Artery of Transportation
The Columbia River is a highway for huge amounts of freight. The most frequent outbound cargoes include wheat and other agricultural products from the inland Northwest, logs and lumber, and mining products like coke or potash. Entering the river, . . . — Map (db m113238) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — A Waterfront at Work
Before the fire of 1922, much of downtown Astoria was built on pilings over the river. People built out from the original hilly shoreline, creating a level commercial district with access to the water. Every type of business might be . . . — Map (db m113237) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Astoria & Warrenton
The oldest American settlement west of the Rocky Mountains, dating back to Lewis & Clark. Explore our history, natural beauty and opportunities for adventure. For free maps and visitor information, visit one of the Astoria-Warrenton . . . — Map (db m113011) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — At Play on the River
People have always turned to the river for enjoyment and just plain fun. Today you may see recreational sailboats, motorboats, jet-skis, kayaks, cruise ships, windsurfers, or kiteboards sharing the river with huge commercial ships. In the . . . — Map (db m113250) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Columbia River Bar
The Columbia River Bar is considered by professional mariners to be the most dangerous bar crossing on the planet. The Pilot Boat Peacock was built in 1964 based on a German North Sea rescue boat design. Put into service on the . . . — Map (db m112994) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Columbia River Tugs And TowboatsHigh Efficiency Transportation System with a Low Profile
Towboats began working on the Columbia in the mid 19th century. Powerful steam tugs towed sailing vessels over the Columbia River bar. Sternwheel steamboats, many of which operated as tugs, plied the entire Columbia River system. During . . . — Map (db m113234) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Harvesting River & Sea
For thousands of years, Native Americans thrived on salmon fishing on the Columbia River. They traded dried fish with other native people all over the west. In the 1870s, later settlers also made commercial fishing a way of life. It remains a . . . — Map (db m113239) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Into the Unknown
Well after the end of the American Revolution, this vast river we call the Columbia and the entire Northwest Coast were still only vague lines on even the best European maps. But the region was home to native peoples whose ancestors had lived . . . — Map (db m113236) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Pilot Boat Peacock
The Pilot Boat Peacock was built to meet the challenging conditions at the mouth of the Columbia River. Pilots transferred to and from ships by means of the retrievable daughter boat off the stern. The vessel is based on a . . . — Map (db m112995) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Pilots on the Columbia RiverShip Safety Requires Knowledge of Local Conditions
The mouth of the Columbia River is known to mariners as one of the most hazardous crossings in the world. Large ocean-going vessels rely upon highly skilled pilots to bring them across the bar and then to guide them safely to ports up and down . . . — Map (db m113233) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — The Butterfly Fleet
Before engines - they fished in boats powered by the wind in their sails & were called the Butterfly Fleet. They were at the mercy of the wind & tides & as such it was a very dangerous profession. They did not always come back - these predominantly . . . — Map (db m113566) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — The Columbia's Estuary
The Corps of Discovery entered the marshes and sloughs of the Columbia's estuary in early November of 1805, but violent weather pinned them down along the river's banks for days. While camped across the river William Clark lamented, O! how . . . — Map (db m113582) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led about 40 soldiers and boatmen on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this "Corps of Discovery" to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly acquired . . . — Map (db m114094) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Astoria — Traveling the Rivers
Camping on the Clearwater River in present-day Idaho, the Corps of Discovery made dugout canoes from pine logs. For expediency, Sergeant Patrick Gass noted: "we have adopted the Indian method of burning out the canoes." Axes and adzes were . . . — Map (db m113556) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Cannon Beach — "Cannon Beach"
Named after the cannon washed ashore on this beach from the U.S.S. Sloop of War 'Shark' which was wrecked while attempting to leave the Columbia River Sep't. 10, 1846. This replica erected by the Cannon Beach Commercial Club Dec. 15, 1952. — Map (db m113596) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Hammond — The Peter Iredale
Technology in Transition The Peter Iredale was built in 1890 during the transitional period before wooden sail powered vessels were replaced with all metal steamships. Advances in iron and steel forging marked the start of . . . — Map (db m113586) HM
Oregon (Clatsop County), Hammond — The Wreck of the Peter Iredale
On October 25, 1906, with an empty cargo hold and only 28 days out of Salina Cruz Mexico, the Peter Iredale ran aground. Bound for Portland and a new load of cargo, Captain H. Lawrence offered his crew a bonus if they cut five days off the . . . — Map (db m113584) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Deer Island — M1 — Deer IslandOregon History
Deer Island in the Columbia was named by the Lewis and Clark Expedition which stopped to dine here November 5, 1805 on its way down river. Homeward bound the explorers camped on the island on March 28,1806. Captain Clark recorded "This morning we . . . — Map (db m7981) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Scappoose — Lewis and Clark on the Columbia
Lewis & Clark on the Columbia River The Lewis and Clark Expedition made the first documented descent of the Columbia from the mouth of the Snake River to the Pacific. This voyage strengthened the claim of the young United States to . . . — Map (db m113157) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), Scappoose — Route of Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail
Lewis & Clark and the Corps of Discovery In 1803, the United States purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, expanding this country from the Mississippi River west to the Rocky Mountains and from the Gulf of Mexico north to . . . — Map (db m113159) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), St. Helens — Lewis & Clark Discovery Trail
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led 31 men and one dog on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this "Corps of Discovery" to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly acquired Louisiana . . . — Map (db m113155) HM
Oregon (Columbia County), St. Helens — Warrior Rock Fog Bell
In October 1856, the U.S. Lighthouse Board entered this fog bell and Cape Disappointment Lighthouse into service, thus establishing the first light station on the Oregon and Washington coast. Positioned on the north side of the entrance to . . . — Map (db m113153) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Bandon — Judah Parker County ParkEstablished 1957
In the year 1874 on this and adjoining property Captain Judah Parker and partners built and operated the first steam sawmill and steam tug on the Coquille River. A year later Captain Parker, with the assistance of the settlers and farmers . . . — Map (db m73228) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Camp Cast-A-WayJanuary 2, 1852
To commemorate Camp Cast-A-Way January 2, 1852 First white settlement in what is now Coos County On the beach west of here the U.S. Transport Captain Lincoln was beached at high tide during a storm. The soldiers and crew built a . . . — Map (db m73227) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — In Memory of Curtis Sause (1913-2001)Tug IRENE donated by his wife, Margie Sause — September 2002 —
The 27-foot tug named Irene was built in 1938 by a family friend, C.J. Sessions, for Henry Sause, Sr. and Curtis Sause. It was designed along the lines of a Columbia River gillnetter with a four-cylinder, 40 horsepower Durant automobile . . . — Map (db m114195) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Koos No. 2
Working On Water Koos No. 2 was the second of several tugboats with the Koos name to work for the Knutson Towboat Company. Built in 1924 by Frank Lowe at his Marshfield shipyard, Koos No. 2 went to work with her . . . — Map (db m114186) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Shipping
The tugboats of the Coos Bay waterways work on shipping related jobs of towing log rafts, moving big ships in and out of harbor, and moving barges. Coos Bay is more than a port – it’s also an estuary. Estuaries are places where . . . — Map (db m114184) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Sir Francis Drake 1540-1596Circumnavigator and Admiral
The Devon privateer took his flotilla from Plymouth Harbor August 5, 1577 bound for the River Plate. He raided Spanish shipping and treasure houses around South America, including Valparaiso, Peru and Acapulco roads. June 5, 1579 the renamed 78 . . . — Map (db m114250) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — The Changing Waterfront(center panel)
The shipping channel in the bay in front of you has a depth of about 35 feet at low tide. Large ships travel in this channel on their way to the upper bay. Frequently small harbor tugs can be seen pulling log rafts by this pavilion. The . . . — Map (db m114152) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — The Changing Waterfront(right panel)
Today, the Coos Bay harbor continues to serve as a connection to the rest of the world, and as a working waterfront. In addition, it has become a source of identity for the people living near its waters. The timber industry . . . — Map (db m114153) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Transportation(center panel)
Travel by land was difficult until about 1915. The road between Marshfield and North Bend was not completed until 1912. Most people continued to travel by small boats around Coos Bay for several more years. Mosquito Fleet . . . — Map (db m114148) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Transportation(left panel)
Most travel was on water; roads and rail lines were limited in the early days. Passenger ships called at the Port of Coos Bay regularly. Travel by water was faster, and much more predictable than by land. In the early . . . — Map (db m114149) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Transportation(right panel)
In 1872, the Coos Bay Wagon Road was completed. The road, which connected Coos Bay Roseburg, was 58 miles long. A stagecoach could make the trip in about 28 hours in good weather. Another route to the interior was the stage . . . — Map (db m114150) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Tug Power
First Came Steam - The first tugboats in the Coos Bay area had steam engines, and steam powered tugs were in service up to the 1950s. Steam power had some advantages: wood and coal to burn to make steam were abundant and cheap, and . . . — Map (db m114189) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — Tugboat Ancestors
The first tugs on Coos Bay were steam-powered, usually towing log rafts or piloting sailing ships in and out of port. Gasoline and diesel internal combustion engines arrived in the early 1900s and began to replace steam engines. By . . . — Map (db m114182) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coos Bay — What is a Tugboat?
A boat designed to push or tow. Tugboats have a lot of power and are versatile. A tug can push or tow something a lot bigger than itself and can go backward or sideways almost as well as forward. Screw propellers are designed for . . . — Map (db m114183) HM
Oregon (Coos County), Coquille — Haldane "Buzz" HolmstromMay 10, 1909 - May 18, 1946 — Expert Boatman —
In November, 1937, Buzz Holmstrom, a service station attendant from Coquille, became the first person to run the Green and Colorado Rivers alone. His eleven-hundred-mile solo journey in a handmade wooden boat brought him national acclaim. After . . . — Map (db m120641) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Brookings — March 11, 2011 Tsunami
On March 10, 2011 at 9:54pm (Pacific Standard Time), a 9.0 magnitude earthquake struck off the northeast coast of Japan creating a major tsunami event for the entire Pacific Ocean, including the West Coast of North America. Approximately nine hours . . . — Map (db m128328) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Gold Beach — Gold Beach
Gold discovered on the beaches at the mouth of Rogue River in the mid-1800s brought miners here; resulted in the Rogue River Indian Wars of 1855-56. Prattsville, Ellensburg, officially becoming Gold Beach in 1890. In the 60’s returns from . . . — Map (db m113220) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Gold Beach — Mary D. Hume
In 1876 Mr. R.D. Hume of Astoria, Oregon, decided to move his commercial salmon fishing, processing and shipping business to the mouth of the Rogue River. Mr. Hume anticipated huge profits due to the large run of "King" Salmon which entered the . . . — Map (db m73202) HM
Oregon (Curry County), Port Orford — Wreck of the Cottoneva
On Feb. 10, 1937, winds over 74 M.P.H. caused the 190 foot steam schooner "Cottoneva" to run aground at Battle Rock. It was in port loading lumber. The captain and all 26 seamen were rescued by the Coast Guard crew using a breeches body. The . . . — Map (db m73203) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — River Ruler
This cableway was installed in 1905 by the United States Geological Survey to measure the river's flow. Today instruments sense and record the elevation of the water surface. This information is relayed by satellite into computers of water . . . — Map (db m114253) HM
Oregon (Deschutes County), Bend — Thank Goodness for Water and GravityThe Railroad and the River Moved the Logs to the Mill
Huge trees were felled in the woods and the logs were transported by railroad to town. They were then dropped into the Deschutes River to await their turn in the mill. The river was a perfect storage place for the logs. The natural flow of the . . . — Map (db m113936) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Reedsport — Brandy BarOregon History
On August 8th, 1850, the schooner Samuel Roberts grounded on this bar during her maiden voyage to Scottsburg as part of the Klamath exploring expedition. She was the first recorded American Vessel to navigate the Umpqua River. While waiting . . . — Map (db m113339) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Reedsport — U.S.C.G. Station, Umpqua River, 1939Coastal Visitor Center
This former U.S. Coast Guard facility built in 1939, was restored by the Douglas County Park Department and dedicated as a public recreation facility on June 19, 1980. Douglas County Board of Commissioners Bill Vian, Chairman . . . — Map (db m113507) HM
Oregon (Douglas County), Reedsport — Umpqua River Lighthouse
Originally the first lighthouse in the Oregon Territory. Was built in 1857 near the mouth of the river. It was undermined and destroyed by flood in Feb. 1864. Rebuilt here in 1891 and completed in 1894. It shines a guiding light to all . . . — Map (db m113915) HM
Oregon (Gilliam County), Arlington — Arlington Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Seven panels dealing with the Columbia Plateau and Columbia River portions of the Oregon Trail are found at this kiosk) Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left . . . — Map (db m111946) HM
Oregon (Grant County), John Day — Welcome to Magone Lake
Elevation 5000 feet Surface 50 acres Depth 98 feet. Magone Lake was formed in the early 1800s by a landslide which dammed Lake Creek. Notice the tilted trees which rode down with the slide. The lake was named for "Major" Magone and . . . — Map (db m107489) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Cascade Locks — Bradford Island FishwayFish Ladder at Bonneville Dam
Migrating fish are attracted to large flows of water coming from the Bonneville Dam. To take advantage of this natural reaction, fish-collection facilities are placed along the face of the powerhouse and at each end of the spillway dam. These . . . — Map (db m92686) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Cascade Locks — Sturgeon HabitatBonneville Hatchery
Sturgeon range throughout the Columbia River system, however the construction of Bonneville Dam and the other dams upstream blocked sturgeon migration. Sturgeon, unlike salmon, do not use fish ladders. Sturgeon below Bonneville Dam travel up and . . . — Map (db m92687) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Cascade Locks — The Bridge of the GodsA Bridge Through Time
Although steel has been made for centuries, it wasn’t until the Bessemer process was introduced in the 1870s that it could be produced in quantity. The Bridge of the Gods mural is the creation of Larry Kangas, of Beaverton, . . . — Map (db m112267) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Hood River — Hood RiverFrom Steamboats to Sailboards
Gale-force winds bedeviled explorers and emigrants alike in the Columbia River Gorge. Journals from the 1800s depict travel as treacherous through this singular passage in the Cascade Range where 60 mile-per-hour gusts are common. By . . . — Map (db m113939) HM
Oregon (Hood River County), Hood River — The HendersonGone But Not Forgotten
Sternwheeler traffic on the Columbia River reached a fevered-pitch with the completion of Cascade Locks in 1896. Steam-powered paddlewheelers provided a vital link between The Dalles and Portland. The trip averaged six hours on a good day, and . . . — Map (db m113947) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Ashland — A-68 — Keene Creek Wagon Slide
Historic Applegate Trail 1846 - 1869 "Keene Creek Wagon Slide" — Map (db m112935) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Central Point — Bybee Ferry
The first ferry near this site was established before 1854 by T. Thompson. It was known as Hailey’s Ferry, 1855-1860. William Bybee operated the ferry from 1863 to 1886, when the first Bybee Bridge was constructed. — Map (db m113867) HM
Oregon (Jackson County), Rogue River — Evan's Ferry
Davis Evans established the first ferry this site in 1851. It was known as Jewett's Ferry, 1853-1861. The 1862 flood destroyed the ferry, but it was replaced. The Woodville (Rogue River) Bridge was built in 1909. — Map (db m112488) HM
Oregon (Josephine County), Merlin — Hellgate CanyonThe Gateway to the Wild & Scenic Roque River
Canyon Formation Constant flow of water over the volcanic basalt rock carved the 2,100-foot long canyon. With no way for the water to expand to the sides, the river bed was forced to depths of about 100 feet. Evolution of . . . — Map (db m112805) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Keno — A-58 — Second Klamath River Ford
Second Klamath River Ford on Applegate Trail - 1847 — Map (db m112845) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Keno — A-54 — Whittle's Ferry Site
Below present bridge First Applegate Trail ford - 1846 One mile below bridge — Map (db m100294) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Competing AttractionsAt Olene Gap
At this narrow point where Lost River flows westerly toward Tule Lake, there is a conjunction of historical events. "Olene" in the Klamath (native American) language means "eddy place." For hundreds, perhaps thousands of years, this site was an . . . — Map (db m112891) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — George Nurse (In Memory of)June 4, 1820-November 26, 1895 — Founder and Benefactor of Linkville - (Klamath Falls) —
Rafted lumber down Upper Klamath Lake and built first buildings on this site, 1867. Registered first official plat of town, 1878. Was Linkville's first hotel keeper, postmaster, and livery stable operator. Gave building lots to people who . . . — Map (db m113638) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Oregon History - Upper Klamath Lake
This is Oregon's largest body of water, about 90,000 acres. Indians inhabiting its shores ("People of the Lake") lived well on wild fowl, fish and wocus seeds. The first known white visitors (1825-26) were Hudson's Bay trappers under Tom McKay and . . . — Map (db m100204) HM
Oregon (Klamath County), Klamath Falls — Upper Klamath Lake
This is Oregon's largest body of water, about 90,000 acres. Indians inhabiting its shores ("People of the Lake") lived well on wild fowl, fish and wocus seeds. The first known white visitors (1825-26) were Hudson's Bay trappers under Tom McKay and . . . — Map (db m112525) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — A Battle With the Elements
Can you feel the sea wind? The lighthouse can, too! For a lighthouse, standing out in the sea spray and storm winds is part of the job description. For more than a century of working life, Heceta Head Lighthouse has taken a . . . — Map (db m113303) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Designed for Seafarer Safety
From top to bottom, Heceta Head Lighthouse is built to guide from afar. The light’s height was most likely chosen to maximize its range while minimizing the chances it would be hidden by fog. Unlike most Fresnel lenses of the day, . . . — Map (db m113304) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Florence: Industrial Beginnings
Early industries in the Florence area were built on the natural resources that the Siuslaw River Valley had to offer. The rivers were filled with swarming salmon and the forests held acres of old growth timber. Those abundant natural resources . . . — Map (db m93894) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Hard Work at a Lonely Light
Would you make it as a Heceta Head Lighthouse keeper? Imagine living here, part of a tiny, isolated community whose lives revolved around the beacon of Heceta Head Light. You would: Work day and night to keep the light in good . . . — Map (db m113305) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Heceta Head LightstationIlluminating the Darkness
Lighthouses are not just scenic structures – they are life-saving innovations. In the 19th century, most traffic sailed by offshore. To steer true, and to avoid hazards such as reefs and shoals, ship captains needed land-based . . . — Map (db m113916) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Navigating the Siuslaw River
The connection to the Pacific Ocean by way of the Siuslaw River made Florence a natural hub for industry. The shifting river channel and mouth made early navigation unpredictable. The lack of stable conditions made establishing a thriving harbor . . . — Map (db m93912) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Siuslaw River Bridge
The Siuslaw River Bridge was built as part of the Coast Bridges Project. It is one of five designed by Conde B. McCullough and built during the Great Depression from 1934 to 1936. The Coast Bridges Project was funded through the Public Works . . . — Map (db m113260) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Florence — Siuslaw River Bridge: Construction & Design
Constructing Over the Siuslaw The Siuslaw River Bridge incorporates Art Deco, Moderne, Gothic, and Egyptian influence that were important to McCullough. Due to its ability to open at the center, the Siuslaw River Bridge best represents . . . — Map (db m113537) HM
Oregon (Lane County), Lowell — Lowell ProspersFlood Control
In Oregon's early days, emigrants came in droves to live along the Willamette River, but they soon discovered its volatile nature. Floods inundated the valley, property was destroyed, and lives were lost. The Army Corps of Engineers was given the . . . — Map (db m112931) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Depoe Bay — Roy Bower and Jack Chambers Memorial
In Memoriam. From this harbor — in storm — departed Roy Bower and Jack Chambers fisherman of the Trolling Fleet October 4, A.D. 1936 on a mission of rescue. — Map (db m92640) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — A Family Affair
Even though Newport was only four miles (7 km) away, bad weather, poor roads, and the demands of their work combined to tie the keepers and their families to the Yaquina Head Light Station. What did they do? They caught, shot . . . — Map (db m112415) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — A Keeper's Work Was Never Done
By modern standards, the regular routine of a lighthouse keeper was monotonous. It was, however, sometimes interrupted by unexpected moments of drama. "Last night lightning struck the office and storeroom building. It tore off the . . . — Map (db m112414) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — It's a Long Way Up
Yaquina Head's light is 81’2" (25 m) above the ground and 162' (49 m) above mean sea level; the top of the tower is 10' (3 m) higher still. Higher is better On America's rugged west coast, keeping lights low enough to be . . . — Map (db m112413) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — South to Newport
Founded in 1865, Newport has become the largest town on the central Oregon coast. Its railroad, maritime and highway connections have nurtured its development. Newport Harbor Today, Newport's harbor serves mostly . . . — Map (db m112412) HM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — United States Coast Guard Motor Lifeboat CG 36503
Built by USCG Yard August 30, 1946 Retired from active service April 8, 1970 In memory of those lost at sea, and to those men whose courage, initiative and unwavering devotion to duty were in keeping with the highest traditions of . . . — Map (db m113503) HM WM
Oregon (Lincoln County), Newport — Yaquina BayOregon History
The old Yaquina Bay Lighthouse established in 1871 is the earliest aid to navigation, standing within the range of the first recorded landfall made from a ship to the shores of the Pacific Northwest. Captain James Cook made this landfall on March . . . — Map (db m113917) HM
Oregon (Malheur County), Vale — Vale Oregon Trail Kiosk
(Inside this kiosk are seven panels which deal with the Malheur River and Meek's Cutoff. "Pathway to the "Garden of the World" Excitement filled the air May 22, 1843 as nearly one thousand Americans left Missouri . . . — Map (db m107077) HM
Oregon (Marion County), Aurora — Boone's Ferry
During the period of Oregon's Provisional Government ( 1841-1849), residents traveled by Indian trails, water courses, or on privative rough-hewn wagon roads etched by emigrant settlers. During the days to the Territorial Government (1849-1859), and . . . — Map (db m114295) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Broughton’s Expedition
Captain George Vancouver in a voyage of exploration to the Northwest coast of America ordered by the British Admiralty Office assigned Lieutenant William Robert Broughton, Commander of H.M.S. Chatham, to explore the navigable waters of the Columbia . . . — Map (db m34495) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Chanticleer PointCrafted by Cataclysms
There is much of legend and tradition associated with the Columbia River and its gorge. The geologic story is neither fable, myth nor tradition, but one of fact, facts that independently stand out in every rock and waterfall, as if begging . . . — Map (db m114529) HM
Oregon (Multnomah County), Corbett — Simon Benson1851 to 1942 — Lumberman and Philanthropist —
Originator of ocean going log rafts. Sponsor of the Columbia River Highway. Benefactor of Benson Polytechnic School. Donor of the Benson Tract containing Multnomah Falls, Wahkeena Falls and Benson State Park. Patern and casting by Benson High . . . — Map (db m91212) HM
Oregon (Sherman County), Wasco — Deschutes River Crossing
The Oregon Trail crossed the hazardous Deschutes River at this point by floating the prairie schooners and swimming the livestock. An island at the river mouth was often utilized when the water was high and the ford dangerous. Pioneer women and . . . — Map (db m34575) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Garibaldi — Captain Robert Gray
Captain Robert Gray was born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, 10 May 1755. Little is known of his youth. During the American Revolution and our war with the French (1798-1801) Captain Gray commanded Letter of Marque vessels. She was Alert, another was . . . — Map (db m113548) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Garibaldi — Captain Robert Gray
commanding the sloop, "Lady Washington" left Boston in October 1787 on a trading voyage to the West Coast of North America, seeking otter furs. To his small crew of about a dozen men, Gray soon added Markus Lopeus, who boarded at the Cape Verde . . . — Map (db m113549) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Manzanita — Oswald West
If sight of sand and sky and sea has given respite from your daily cares then pause to thank Oswald West former governor of Oregon (1911-1915) By his foresight nearly 400 miles of the ocean shore was set aside for public use, from the . . . — Map (db m113784) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Manzanita — Uncanny NeahkahniePlace of Mystery And Romance
Neahkahnie Mountain has been the subject of stories and legends for hundred of years. From Spanish galleons to buried treasure, the Mountain resonates with mystery and romance. How many of these stories are true? What do you think? The Beeswax . . . — Map (db m113733) HM
Oregon (Tillamook County), Tillamook — A Way of Life Centered around a 1-Ton Crystal Lens
The French hand-ground Fresnel lens at Cape Meares is one of only two eight-sided lights in the United States – the other is in Hawaii. Keepers were given detailed instructions for maintaining the masterpiece. A brilliant . . . — Map (db m113918) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Umatilla — The Lewis and Clark Expedition
In 1804-06, Captains Meriwether Lewis and William Clark led about 40 soldiers and boatmen on an epic journey. President Thomas Jefferson commissioned this "Corps of Discovery" to find a route to the Pacific Ocean through the newly acquired . . . — Map (db m114092) HM
Oregon (Umatilla County), Umatilla — The Umatilla Rapids
The Corps of Discovery descended the Columbia River in five dugout canoes made from pines felled at the mouth of the North Fork of the Clearwater River in Idaho. Before McNary Dam harnessed this segment of the mighty Columbia, the river plunged . . . — Map (db m114089) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), Mosier — Memaloose OverlookIslands of the Dead
The Indian Peoples of the Columbia River did not bury their dead until very recent times. Instead, bodies were wrapped in robes or tule mats and deposited in canoes which were placed in the woods, on rocky points, or in cedar vaults on islands . . . — Map (db m112253) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), Mosier — Rowena Crest - Ice Age Floods
Glaciers form when snow accumulates faster than it melts over a long period and is compressed into ice. Eventually, the weight and pressure become so great that the ice oozes slowly downslope. Volcanism, uplift, erosion, and human . . . — Map (db m112249) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), Mosier — Rowena Crest - The Rowena Loops
Today, engineers use high resolution satellite photography and advanced computer modeling software to design roads. Gazing down upon the graceful, winding Historic Columbia River Highway, it is easy to forget how challenging its . . . — Map (db m112250) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Celilo Falls Fishing Grounds
In Commemoration of the Celilo Falls Fishing Grounds Historic fishing trading and gathering place for Indians of many Tribes from time immemorial until inundated by the rising waters of Lake Celilo in March 1957 — Map (db m111983) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Decision at The Dalles
From 1841 until the early 1900's more than 500,000 people traveled over 2,000 miles from Independence, Missouri to The Dalles, Oregon. They had to make a decision at The Dalles for traveling the last 100 miles to the Willamette Valley. They could . . . — Map (db m112468) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — Greatest Indian Fishery of the Northwest
Before The Dalles Dam was built, the Columbia River plunged over Celilo Falls and cut through the Narrows or Five Mile Rapids. Although obstacles to navigation, the falls created the region’s greatest fishing site. For more than 10,000 years . . . — Map (db m111985) HM
Oregon (Wasco County), The Dalles — The Fur Trade
The British owned Hudson Bay Company dominated the fur trade in the Pacific Northwest during the early 1800's. Dr. John McLaughlin, who headed the Northwest enterprise, sent brigades of boats far up the Columbia River to the far flung company . . . — Map (db m114142) HM

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Apr. 8, 2020