Marker Logo HMdb.org THE HISTORICAL
MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
158 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 58 ⊳
 
 

Historical Markers and War Memorials in Orange County, Virginia

 
Clickable Map of Orange County, Virginia and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Orange County, VA (158) Albemarle County, VA (117) Culpeper County, VA (145) Greene County, VA (8) Louisa County, VA (41) Madison County, VA (49) Spotsylvania County, VA (389)  OrangeCounty(158) Orange County (158)  AlbemarleCounty(117) Albemarle County (117)  CulpeperCounty(145) Culpeper County (145)  GreeneCounty(8) Greene County (8)  LouisaCounty(41) Louisa County (41)  MadisonCounty(49) Madison County (49)  SpotsylvaniaCounty(389) Spotsylvania County (389)
Adjacent to Orange County, Virginia
    Albemarle County (117)
    Culpeper County (145)
    Greene County (8)
    Louisa County (41)
    Madison County (49)
    Spotsylvania County (389)
 
Touch name on list to highlight map location.
Touch blue arrow, or on map, to go there.
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Virginia (Orange County), Barboursville — D-22 — Barboursville
On Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) at Old Barboursville Road (County Route 736), on the right when traveling east on Spotswood Trail. Reported permanently removed.
A short distance south are the ruins of Barboursville, built, 1814-1822, by James Barbour partly after plans made by Jefferson. It was burned, December 25, 1884. James Barbour, buried here, was governor of Virginia, 1812-1815, United States Senator, . . . Map (db m30179) HM
2Virginia (Orange County), Barboursville — D-22 — Barboursville
On Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) at Old Barboursville Road (Virginia Route 738), on the right when traveling south on Spotswood Trail.
The ruins of Barboursville, the home of James Barbour (1775-1842) are just to the south. The house was designed by Thomas Jefferson and completed ca. 1822. Barbour, who owned about 5,000 acres here, was governor of Virginia (1812-1814), U.S. senator . . . Map (db m170664) HM
3Virginia (Orange County), Barboursville — Barboursville RuinsHistoric Landmark
On Manison Road 0.2 miles west of Vineyard Road (County Route 777), on the right when traveling west.
Designed by Thomas Jefferson for Governor James Barbour. Built 1814, Destroyed by Fire Christmas Day, 1884.Map (db m30178) HM
4Virginia (Orange County), Barboursville — JJ-28 — Governor James Barbour
On Governor Barbour Street (Route 678) 0.1 miles east of Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the right when traveling east.
Here at Barboursville lie the ruins of the family home of James Barbour, Virginia's governor during the War of 1812. As commander of Virginia's militia forces, Barbour planned, organized, and directed the defense of Virginia from January until . . . Map (db m89899) HM
5Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — F-23 — Church of the Blind Preacher
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling south.
Near here was the church of James Waddel, the blind Presbyterian preacher. Waddel, who had been a minister in the Northern Neck and elsewhere, came here about 1785 and died here in 1805. William Wirt, stopping in 1803 to hear a sermon, was impressed . . . Map (db m4766) HM
6Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — Gordon Inn
On North Main Street (U.S. 15/33) at East Gordon Avenue (U.S. 15), on the right when traveling north on North Main Street.
Built by Nathaniel Gordon, 1787. Visited by Washington, Jefferson, Madison, Monroe, Philip and James Barbour, Clark, Rives, Randolph, Wirt, Waddell, and other celebrities of Revolutionary, post-Revolutionary, and Confederate War periods. Lafayette . . . Map (db m4794) HM
7Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — Gordonsville's Legendary Chicken Vendors"Fried Chicken Capital of the World"
On South Main Street, on the right when traveling north.
January 1, 1840 celebrated the arrival of the Louisa Railroad to Gordonsville. The introduction of rail service contributed to the growth and vitality of the town as a prime rail junction. The two railroads that formed the junction were the . . . Map (db m8162) HM
8Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — In Memory of the Soldiers, Both Confederate and Union
Near Cobb Street just east of South Main Street, on the right when traveling west.
In memory of the soldiers, both Confederate and Union, who died here at the Exchange Hotel used during the Civil War as the General Receiving Hospital, Gordonsville, VA, 1861 - 1865Map (db m25545) HM WM
9Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — JJ 36 — Madison-Barbour Rural Historic District
On Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) 0.5 miles west of Lovers Lane (Virginia Route 646), on the left when traveling west.
This rural historic district encompasses 50 square miles of the Piedmont. Native Americans lived here for more than 12,000 years before settlers of European descent, drawn to the fertile soil, arrived early in the 1700s. Several notable houses, . . . Map (db m117220) HM
10Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — D-20 — Montebello
On Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33) at Old Montebello Drive, on the right when traveling east on Spotswood Trail.
Here was born Zachary Taylor, twelfth President of the United States, November 24, 1784. Taylor, commanding an American Army, won the notable Battle of Buena Vista in Mexico, 1847.Map (db m30181) HM
11Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — Z-277 — Orange County / Louisa CountyArea 359 Square Miles / Area 516 Square Miles
On Gordon Avenue (Virginia Route 231) south of Echo Back Lane, on the right when traveling north.
Orange County. Formed in 1734 from Spotsylvania, and named for the Prince of Orange, who in that year married Princess Anne, daughter of King George II. President James Madison lived in this county and President Zachary Taylor was born here. . . . Map (db m17747) HM
12Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — Z 277A — Orange County / Louisa County
On James Madison Highway (U.S. 15/33), on the right when traveling north.
(South Facing Side): Orange County Formed from Spotsylvania County in 1734, Orange County, a pastoral Piedmont county, was probably named in honor of William IV, the Dutch prince of Orange, who married Anne, the Princess Royal, daughter . . . Map (db m108411) HM
13Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — The Maplewood Memorial Association
Near Spotswood Trail (U.S. 33), on the right when traveling west.
. . . Map (db m4791) HM
14Virginia (Orange County), Gordonsville — Welcome to The Exchange Hotel and Civil War Medical Museum
On Cobb Street just east of South Main Street, on the right when traveling west.
Once a thriving Tavern during the 1840's and then a Railroad Grand Hotel during the 1860's, this building was later transformed to become the Gordonsville Receiving Hospital during the Civil War. 70,000 Confederate and Union soldiers were treated . . . Map (db m170667) HM
15Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Battle of the Wilderness
On Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling north.
On This Site Stood a Union 6th Corps Field Hospital On Spotswood's Farm were 4 Medical Wagons, 14 Six-Mule Wagons, 24 Tents, 3 Medical Officers and 34 Attendants, in addition to about 15 Ambulances and 80 Men from the Corp's Ambulance Company. . . . Map (db m64981) HM
16Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Battle of the WildernessMay 5th, 1864
On Fairway Drive, on the left when traveling east.
1st NC Cavalry and Ewell's lead infantry regiments fought Sedgwick's three divisions throughout Lake of the Woods Golf Course. Regiments from Nine States in Lake of the Woods May 5, 1864 Union Infantry Maine 5th, 6th, 7th New Jersey 1st, 2nd, 3rd, . . . Map (db m65281) HM
17Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Captain John Spotswood
On Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling north.
Spotswood park is dedicated to Captain John Spotswood born circa 1748, grandson of Royal Lieutenant Governor Alexander Spotswood of Virginia. Captain John Spotswood, soldier of the American Revolution, served honorably as a member of the Continental . . . Map (db m19159) HM
18Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Dedicated To The Fallen
Near Church Lane east of Lakeview Parkway when traveling east.
We honor those who remained in these woods long after the battle ended on May 7, 1864. “Hundreds of graves on these battlefields are without any marks whatever to distinguish them, and so covered with foliage that the visitor will be unable . . . Map (db m171625) HM
19Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Gordon's Flank AttackBattle of the Wilderness
On Cornwallis Avenue, on the right when traveling east.
Before Sunset on May 6, 1864 From this site, you would have seen Confederate Brig. Gen. John B. Gordon quietly assembled ten regiments between here and the woods, across the lake, at Madison Cir. In those woods, Union Brig. Gen. T. Seymour had . . . Map (db m65280) HM
20Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Orange Grove 1728 - 1864
On Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling north.
This is the story of Orange GroveYou are standing on land that was owned by the same family for over 200 years, from colonial days to the beginning of Lake of the Woods. Alexander Spotswood, Lt. Gov. of the Colony of Virginia 1710 - 1722, . . . Map (db m19156) HM
21Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Orange Grove 1865 - 1967
On Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling north.
Alexander Dandridge SpottswoodHe spelled his name with two t's, known "as a gentleman of the old school," he referred back to the spelling of the name his ancestors used in Scotland, Spottiswoode. 1836 - Born in the house at Orange Grove on . . . Map (db m19071) HM
22Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Spotswood Family CemeteryAt Orange Grove c. 1786-1924
Near Spotswood Road east of Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling west.
• In 2012, local historians recorded 15 field stones in rows that resembled the manner in which graves were marked in colonial and antebellum days before permanent granite headstones became popular. • In 2013, they used Ground Penetrating Radar . . . Map (db m103240) HM
23Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — The Apperson Family and Lake of the Woods
On Edgemont Circle north of Lakeview Parkway, on the right when traveling south.
Alfred Apperson was born in 1806. He married Malinda Jones in 1816 and managed a plantation until he had saved enough money to purchase 120 acres of farm land in 1846. That land would become part of Lake of the Woods 120 years later. Alfred and . . . Map (db m103268) HM
24Virginia (Orange County), Lake of the Woods — Wilderness Battlefield MemorialRemembering Those Who Remain Long After the Battle was Over
Near Church Lane east of Lakeview Parkway, on the left when traveling east.
The Battle of the Wilderness, May 5-7, 1864 resulted in almost 29,000 Union and Confederate casualties. Both armies attempted to find and bury the dead, but moved on before completing the process. Over the next few years, many dead were disinterred . . . Map (db m103276) HM WM
25Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — "A Wild, Wicked Roar"The Battle of the Wilderness
Near Hill-Ewell Drive 0.1 miles south of Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the left when traveling south.
The arrival of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell's Confederate Second Corps here along the Orange Turnpike on the morning of May 5 challenged the Union march through the Wilderness. At midday more than 6,000 troops of the Union Fifth Corps moved forward on . . . Map (db m155685) HM
26Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — “A Wild, Wicked Roar”The Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Hill-Ewell Drive at Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the left when traveling south.
The arrival of Lt. Gen. Richard S. Ewell’s Second Corps here along the Orange Turnpike on the morning of May 5 challenged the Union march through the Wilderness. The Federals responded with a massive attack. At midday more than 12,000 Federal . . . Map (db m155684) HM
27Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — “Stonewall” Jackson’s ArmThe Battle of Chancellorsville — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 1 mile west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the left when traveling west.
Here, in the Jones family cemetery, lie the remains of “Stonewall” Jackson’s left arm. The Confederate general lost the limb during the Battle of Chancellorsville, where he was mistakenly shot by his own troops. Surgeons removed the . . . Map (db m157352) HM
28Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — “Stonewall” Jackson’s ArmThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 1 mile west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the left when traveling west.
Here, in the Jones family cemetery, lie the remains of “Stonewall” Jackson’s left arm. The Confederate general lost the limb during the Battle of Chancellorsville, where he was mistakenly shot by his own troops. Surgeons removed the . . . Map (db m157417) HM
29Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — 140th New York State Vols.
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the right when traveling west.
First Brigade First Division Fifth Corps Number engaged 529 Casualties 23 killed 118 wounded 114 missing May 5, 1864Map (db m6047) HM
30Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — A Busy PlaceThe Battle of the Wilderness
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 0.6 miles south of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling north.
You are now standing in what was commonly referred to as "the yard," that part of the plantation where many of the slaves lived and did their daily chores. Depending on the time of year, you might have seen slaves here boiling soiled laundry in a . . . Map (db m112320) HM
31Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — A Military SceneThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the left when traveling west.
As one of the few large open areas in the Wilderness, the broad fields north and east of Ellwood assumed instant importance during the battle here. While fighting raged a miles to the west, the fields around Ellwood filled with artillery and . . . Map (db m12947) HM
32Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — A.P. Hill Escapes CaptureThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Hill-Ewell Drive, on the right when traveling south.
On the morning of May 6, General A.P. Hill stretched his battle lines across the Chewning farm, closing a dangerous gap in the Confederate line. Before Hill's troops arrived, a Union regiment broke into the clearing from the east, startling the . . . Map (db m19162) HM
33Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Alexander Spotswood's Enchanted Castle
On College Drive (Virginia Route 375) 0.2 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
"Then I came to Germanna. This famous town consists of Col. Spotswood's enchanted castle on one side of the street, and a baker's dozen of ruinous tenements on the other, where so many German families had dwelt some years ago." . . . Map (db m171395) HM
34Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — An Uneasy PartnershipThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the right when traveling west.
At the battles of the Wilderness and Spotsylvania Court House, Grant would not only struggle against Lee’s army, but also against the conservative, sometimes timid, methods of the Union Army of the Potomac. George G. Meade, commander of that . . . Map (db m6026) HM
35Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Archeology at EllwoodThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling north.
The National Park Service acquired Ellwood in 1977. Since then, archeologists have conducted three studies of the site: test excavations around the base of the house (1978) and in the cellar (1979), and a geophysical survey of the grounds (1984). . . . Map (db m12948) HM
36Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Arm of Stonewall Jackson
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Arm of Stonewall Jackson May 3, 1863. ———Map (db m171399) HM
37Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — JJ-20 — Battle of the Wilderness
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west. Reported missing.
Ewell's Corps, the left wing of Lee's Army, moving down this road from Orange, came into conflict near here with Warren's Corps of Grant's Army, May 5, 1864. The fight moved to and fro until Ewell finally drove Warren back and entrenched here. Late . . . Map (db m5450) HM
38Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Battle of the Wilderness
On Hill-Ewell Drive at Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the left when traveling south on Hill-Ewell Drive.
Here May 5, 6, 1864, 70,000 Confederates under Lee defeated 120,000 Federals under Grant. Confederate loss 11,500. Federal 18,000. This battle, fought with conspicuous bravery, in a Wilderness on fire, will take it’s place among the great battles of . . . Map (db m6007) HM
39Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Battle of the WildernessWilderness Exhibit Shelter — East Wall —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
The Armies The Army of the Potomac Throughout the winter of 1863-1864, the armies rested and refitted on opposite sides of the Rapidan River. The ranks of the Union army swelled with thousands of new draftees and recruits - soldiers whose . . . Map (db m155689) HM
40Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Clash on the Orange TurnpikeWilderness Exhibit Shelter — East Wall —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
The Battle of the Wilderness On May 5, 1864, Lee moved swiftly eastward through Orange County and struck the Federals along two roads - the Orange Plank Road and the Orange Turnpike. Two bloody, largely separate battles exploded. They would . . . Map (db m7392) HM
41Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Collision of GiantsWilderness Exhibit Shelter — North Wall —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Collision of Giants By 1864 the war had become not just a clash of armies, but of ideas. To be resolved on the fields of Virginia and Georgia that year was not only the fate of the Union, but also the fate of Southern society. The armies on both . . . Map (db m6077) HM
42Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Z-176 — Culpeper County / Orange County
On Germanna Highway (State Highway 3), on the right when traveling west.
(East Facing Side): Culpeper County Area 384 Square Miles Formed in 1748 from Orange and named for Lord Culpeper, Governor of Virginia, 1680-1683. The Battle of Cedar Mountain, 1862, was fought in this county (West Facing Side): . . . Map (db m4322) HM
43Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — EllwoodThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the left when traveling west.
“The house stands on Wilderness Run, in a lonely place about half a mile south of the Culpeper plank road; it is a good-sized farmhouse, built of wood, square, with two porticos and painted a dove color. From the apex of the roof a . . . Map (db m6121) HM
44Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Face OffMine Run Campaign
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20) at Gold Dale Road (County Route 611), on the right when traveling east on Constitution Highway.
"Men, there is no use denying it, but three-quarters of you are to be left in that marsh with your toes turned up; but remember the Fourteenth never quailed yet, and I'll shoot the first man who does it now." Lt. Col. Samuel Moore to the men . . . Map (db m116470) HM
45Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Fighting on the Evening of May 5, 1864
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Confederate General Leroy A. Stafford of Louisiana fell mortally wounded in this vicinity during the afternoon fighting. General Ewell, however, continued to reinforce this line, extending it farther to the north, your left. When the Federals . . . Map (db m7382) HM
46Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — First Blood in Saunders FieldThe Battle of the Wilderness
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
"The regiment melted away like snow. Men disappeared as if the earth had swallowed them." -Captain Porter Parley 140th New York Infantry Shortly after noon on May 5, the battleline of the 140th New York burst from the woods to your right-rear . . . Map (db m6022) HM
47Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Fort GermannaA Fort for German Settlers on the Colonial Frontier
On College Drive (Virginia Route 375) 0.2 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
"In order to supply that part [of the frontier] which was to have been covered by the Tuscarora, I have placed here a number of Protestant Germans, built them a fort, and finished it with two pieces of cannon and some ammunition, . . . Map (db m171392) HM
48Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Fort Germanna Visitor Center
On College Drive (Virginia Route 375) 0.2 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
The Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia, Inc., known as the Germanna Foundation, was organized in 1956 by a group of descendants from the original Germanna colonies who had taken great interest in their Germanna genealogy and . . . Map (db m171396) HM
49Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — From Wilderness Run To Flat Run
Near Church Lane east of Lakeview Parkway when traveling east.
“My total loss at the Wilderness was 1,250 killed and wounded. The burial parties from two divisions reported interring over 1,100 of the enemy. The third, and largest made no report. When we moved probably one-third or more were still . . . Map (db m171624) HM
50Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — J-34 — Germanna
On Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3) at College Drive (Virginia Road 375), on the right when traveling east on Germanna Highway.
Here Governor Alexander Spotswood established a colony of Germans in 1714. At that time the Rapidan River was the frontier of Virginia. On August 29, 1716, Spotswood left from this place with the Knights of the Golden Horseshoe on his exploring . . . Map (db m171387) HM
51Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Germanna FordGrant Takes Command — Lee Vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
On Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3) at the Germanna Community College Entrance (Virginia Route 375), on the right when traveling south on Germanna Highway. Reported permanently removed.
In March 1864, President Abraham Lincoln placed Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in charge of the Union’s overall military effort. Grant’s strategy was simple: attack the Confederates simultaneously on all fronts, overwhelming them by sheer force of numbers. . . . Map (db m3587) HM
52Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Germanna FordInto the Wilderness — Lee Vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
On Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3) north of the Germanna Community College Entrance (Virginia Route 375), on the right when traveling south. Reported permanently removed.
When the 1864 Overland Campaign started, Gen. Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia held the upper fords of the Rapidan River, blocking the Union army's route to Richmond. Rather than attack Lee head on, Grant chose to cross here at Germanna . . . Map (db m3588) HM
53Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — J–35 — Germanna Ford
On Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3) north of Spotswood Drive (County Route 760), on the right when traveling south. Reported permanently removed.
One of the principal crossings of the Rapidan River from colonial times. Here a part of the Army of the Potomac crossed the river, April 30, 1863, preceding the Battle of Chancellorsville. Here a part of Meade’s army crossed on the way to Mine Run, . . . Map (db m116528) HM
54Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — J-35 — Germanna Ford
On Germanna Highway 0.1 miles west of College Drive (Virginia Route 375), on the right when traveling east.
Germanna Ford, a natural crossing of the Rapidan River, has made this area an important transportation corridor for centuries. A ferry and road were established here in the 1720s. During the Civil War, portions of the Union Army of the Potomac moved . . . Map (db m171385) HM
55Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Germanna FordInto the Wilderness — Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
On College Drive (Virginia Route 375) 0.2 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling east.
At dawn on May 4, 1864, the 3rd Indiana Cavalry splashed across the river here at Germanna Ford and scattered the handful of Confederate pickets to secure the passage. Upon engineers quickly threw down two pontoon bridges and the army began . . . Map (db m171388) HM
56Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Giuseppe Oddenino
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
In honor of Giuseppe Oddenino, Italian immigrant & Civil War Veteran, 5th Regt. N.Y. Heavy Artillery, whose artwork adorns the Hebron Lutheran Church and whose son Louis married Mary Delph, a Germanna descendant.Map (db m171398) HM
57Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Gordon Flank Attack TrailThe Battle of the Wilderness
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
In this field and its surrounding woods fell nearly one-third of the men killed or wounded in the Battle of the Wilderness. The two-mile Gordon Flank Attack Trail tracks the Battle of the Wilderness in all its horrible forms: the open-field Union . . . Map (db m7378) HM
58Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Gordon's Attack Falters
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Union reinforcements rushed to the sound of fighting as twilight turned to darkness in these gloomy woods. The Confederates lost direction and momentum in the smoky gloaming, and eventually the firing died away. Gordon's attack had achieved only a . . . Map (db m7389) HM
59Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Gordon's Flank Attack
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
The right flank of the Union line rested here in the early evening of May 6. Two Union brigades occupied this area with the benefit of neither strong works nor substantial artillery support. Suddenly, the Rebel yell echoed through the forest. North . . . Map (db m7388) HM
60Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Grant Comes to VirginiaThe Battle of Fredericksburg
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
This short trail leads to "Grant's Knoll." For three days Gen. Ulysses S. Grant made his headquarters here, issuing orders that would determine the fate of armies and men. President Abraham Lincoln had recently appointed Grant general-in-chief over . . . Map (db m7403) HM
61Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Grant Takes CommandUnion Strategy in 1864 — Lee vs. Grant - The 1864 Campaign —
On College Drive (Virginia Route 375) 0.2 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
President Abraham Lincoln placed Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant in charge of the Union's overall strategy in March 1864. The new commander brought fresh energy to the Federal war effort, and developed a strategy whereby Union armies would . . . Map (db m171416) HM
62Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Grant’s HeadquartersThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the right when traveling west.
On May 5, 1864, this knoll was bordered by a second growth of scraggly pines and scrub oak. From here Grant and Meade could see little of the battle. Instead, they relied on subordinates to keep them apprised of the situation at the front. In the . . . Map (db m6024) HM
63Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Hans Conrad Ambergerof Bonningheim, Germany 1683 - 1742
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
1717 Colonist, Vine Dresser, Farmer and Cooper. m. 1st Anna Catharina Schuning Rohleer 1714, 2nd Barbara 1725.Map (db m171397) HM
64Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Hans Jacob Holtzclaw of Trupbach, Germany1683 - 1760
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
1714 pioneer, educator and leader. Married 1708 Anna Margaret Otterback. Before 1729 Catherine.Map (db m171403) HM
65Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Johannes Kemper and Ailsey Katherine Utterback
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
Johannes Kemper and Ailsey Katherine Utterbach of the 1714 colony from Müsen, Germany.Map (db m171402) HM
66Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — John Gordon Proposes a Flank Attack
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
On the morning of May 6, Confederate General John B. Gordon occupied the far Confederate left, in this vicinity, with his brigade of Georgians. Gordon reconnoitered to his left and front and discovered the Union right flank to be vulnerable to an . . . Map (db m7384) HM
67Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Key TerrainThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Hill-Ewell Drive, on the right when traveling south.
The fighting in the Wilderness centered on two thoroughfares: the Orange Turnpike and the Orange Plank Road. Between them yawned a gaping void of dense trees and brush, broken only by a few fields and the track of the Parker's Store Road, still . . . Map (db m19164) HM
68Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Mine Run Campaign
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20) at Gold Dale Road (County Route 611), on the right when traveling east on Constitution Highway.
Amidst numbing cold and stinging rain, in late 1863 Union General George G. Meade and his Army of the Potomac attempted a year-end stroke against Robert E. Lee. This effort climaxed along Mine Run, two miles in front of you. Since . . . Map (db m4693) HM
69Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — JJ-10 — Mine Run Campaign
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west on Constitution Highway. Reported missing.
Meade, advancing south from the Rapidan River to attack Lee, found him in an entrenched position here on November 28, 1863. Heavy skirmishing went on until December 1. Then Meade, thinking Lee's lines too strong to assault, retired across the . . . Map (db m162667) HM
70Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — JJ-10 — Mine Run Campaign
On Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) at Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611), on the right when traveling west on Constitution Highway.
Union Maj. Gen. George G. Meade's Army of the Potomac crossed the Rapidan River on 26 Nov. 1863 in a last effort to strike Gen. Robert E. Lee's Confederate Army of Northern Virginia before winter. The next day, fighting erupted near here at . . . Map (db m162668) HM
71Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Morning of May 6
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
On the morning of May 6, the main focus of the battle shifted more than two miles south, to the Orange Plank Road. Here, north of the Orange Turnpike, both armies planned early morning attacks as diversions to prevent the enemy from detaching more . . . Map (db m7383) HM
72Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Z-167 — Orange County / Spotsylvania County
On Germanna Highway (State Highway 3) at Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west on Germanna Highway.
(East Facing Side): Orange County Formed from Spotsylvania County in 1734, Orange County, a pastoral Piedmont county, was probably named in honor of William IV, the Dutch prince of Orange, who married Anne, the Princess Royal, daughter . . . Map (db m159382) HM
73Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — JJ-15 — Robinson's Tavern
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20) at Gold Dale Road (County Route 611), on the right when traveling west on Constitution Highway.
Near here stood ancient Robinson's Tavern. Here Meade wished to concentrate his army in the Mine Run Campaign, November 1863, but one corps, coming up late, disarranged his plans. Here Ewell, moving east from Orange in the Wilderness Campaign, . . . Map (db m126046) HM
74Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Saunders FieldBattle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
"The last crop of the old field had been corn and among its stubble that day were sown the seeds of glory." Morris Schaff, USA Staff Tucked away in the Wilderness's trackless forest were several small clearings, where families with names . . . Map (db m155690) HM
75Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Site of the First German Reformed Church1714
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
Here at Germanna in 1714 the first permanent German Reformed Congregation in America located with their pastor, Rev. Henry Hager. They were a colony of thirteen families from Nassau Siegen Germany who were welcomed to Virginia by Governor . . . Map (db m171401) HM
76Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Spotswood
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway, on the right when traveling west.
John Spotswood 1724 - 1758 Married Mary Dandridge in 1745 Son of Lt. Gov. Alexander Spotswood 1676 - 1740 and his wife Lady Anne Butler Brayne 1686 - Circa 1751 Father of General Alexander Spotswood Oct. 16, 1746 - Dec. . . . Map (db m171406) HM
77Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Struggle on the Orange Plank RoadWilderness Exhibit Shelter — East Wall —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Crisis at the Crossroads Crises followed one after another on May 5. No sooner had Grant and Meade learned about Ewell's approach on the Orange Turnpike than they discovered General A.P. Hill's corps moving up the Orange Plank road. If Hill . . . Map (db m7394) HM
78Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The "Enchanted Castle" at Germanna, circa 1720-1750
Near Gordon Farm Road 0.3 miles west of Spotswood Drive (Virginia Road 760).
Home of Colonial Governor Alexander Spotswood and formerly the site of Fort Germanna, 1714 Archaeological excavation by Mary Washington College, Center for Historic PreservationMap (db m64139) HM
79Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmThe Walking Trail
On Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) at Zoar School Road, on the right when traveling north on Zoar Road.
“The ground in my front for about 500 yards was thickly wooded and brushy, and beyond that was a cleared field owned by a man named Payne.” — Gen. Edward Johnson, CSA “On account of the density of the . . . Map (db m43158) HM
80Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmThe Worm Fence
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) east of Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603).
“We gained a slight rise in the land behind an old worm fence. The enemy had fallen back under cover of a piece of woods well in our front. Soon they came out in splendid battle array, with waving banners, and charged our position. It was a . . . Map (db m43165) HM
81Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmThe Stonewall Brigade
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) near Zoar School Road.
“We soon struck the Yankee skirmishers and drove them back through the woods to an open field, where we ran into French’s entire corps and into about the hottest place that could be imagined.” — Capt. William B. Colston, 2nd . . . Map (db m43167) HM
82Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmThe Confederate Wheel
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) near Zoar School Road.
“Several efforts were made to charge the hostile line, but as these attempts were made by single brigades, without proper deliberation and without co-operation on the part of the other forces to the right and left, they naturally resulted . . . Map (db m43168) HM
83Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmA Fruitless Campaign
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) near Zoar School Road.
“In the fight of Johnson’s Division on last Friday I was under as warm a musketry fire as I have experienced for a good while—certainly worse than I have been in since Sharpsburg.” — Lt. Col. Alexander S. . . . Map (db m43170) HM
84Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmUnexpected Encounter
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) near Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603).
“There was a sudden commotion in the train ahead and several of the ambulances turned and came back in confusion. General [George H.] Steuart promptly ordered them back to their places, faced the brigade into line to the left and deployed . . . Map (db m116476) HM
85Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmStalemate at the Crossroads
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) east of Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603).
“Gen. [Edward] Johnson … cheered us on to the fight with ‘Hurrah for North Carolina, go it North Carolina—give it to them boys!’ … The Federals were as thick as black birds in our front.” — Capt. Thomas Boone, 1st . . . Map (db m116478) HM
86Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of Payne’s FarmBaptism of Fire
Near Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) east of Indiantown Road (Virginia Route 603).
“[It was] … as warm a contest as this regiment was ever engaged in. … It seemed as if the enemy was throwing minie-balls upon us by the bucket-full, when the battle got fairly under way.” — Member of the 3rd North Carolina . . . Map (db m116530) HM
87Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Battle of the Wilderness
On Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 1.7 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
On no American battlefield did the landscape do more to intensify the horror of combat. One soldier called the Wilderness "a wild, weird, region... [a] dense and trackless forest." For decades loggers had cut and re-cut these forests to fuel nearby . . . Map (db m155691) HM
88Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — OC-22 — The Campaign of 1781Lafayette's Maneuvers
On Constitution Hwy (U.S. 20) at Brigadiers Way (Virginia Route 720), on the left when traveling south on Constitution Hwy.
In the campaign of 1781, the Marquis de Lafayette marched through the Wilderness to rendezvous with Brig. Gen. "Mad Anthony" Wayne. On 3 June 1781, Lafayette's army camped to the south of the Wilderness Bridge across Wilderness Run from Ellwood. The . . . Map (db m25877) HM
89Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Capture of Winslow's BatteryThe Battle of the Wilderness
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 1.7 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
The May 5 fighting in Saunders Field was waxing hot when Captain George B. Winslow received orders to rush two guns of Battery D, 1st New York Artillery, to the front to support Union attacks here. Dashing down the turnpike at a trot, Winslow's men . . . Map (db m155692) HM
90Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Confederate Defense
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Confederate troops commanded by General Richard S. Ewell arrived on this ridge line on the morning of May 5. Ordered by General Lee not to initiate a battle, Ewell placed 10,000 men along this high ground on either side of the Orange Turnpike . . . Map (db m155698) HM
91Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Confederate LineThe Battle of the Wilderness
On Hill-Ewell Drive, on the left when traveling south.
Dick Ewell was raring for a fight. When a subordinate approached him early on May 5, 1864, and asked Ewell about his orders, the balding, pop-eyed general piped up cheerily: "... Just the orders I like - to go right down the [turnpike] and strike . . . Map (db m72886) HM
92Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Culpeper Mine Road
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
The road trace in front of you is the Culpeper Mine Road, typical of the woods trails that composed the primitive transportation network in the Wilderness. Even a path like this possessed military significance, and Confederate troops from the famous . . . Map (db m7380) HM
93Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Federals Fall Back
Near Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
In front of you are the remains of trenches manned by the Union army on May 5-6, 1864. When Gordon attacked these works from the north, your left, the Federals abandoned them and fell back to a new position one mile to your front and right. The . . . Map (db m7391) HM
94Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Fighting Ends in StalemateWilderness Exhibit Shelter — South Wall —
On Constitution Highway (State Highway 20), on the right when traveling west.
Stalemate Two days of bitter fighting had left the bleak Wilderness landscape charred and smoking from fire. Corpses littered the contested ground, now scarred by miles of earth-and-log entrenchments. Unwilling to attack Lee's strong position, . . . Map (db m7397) HM
95Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Higgerson FarmThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
On Hill-Ewell Drive, on the right when traveling east.
Before you are the fields of the Higgerson Farm, one of only a few major clearings on the Wilderness Battlefield. On the afternoon of May 5, Union troops swept across this open space, bound for bewildering combat in the thickets to the north and . . . Map (db m155696) HM
96Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Marker Honors The Memory Of The Second Germanna Colony, 1717
Near College Road (Virginia Route 375) 0.3 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3), on the right when traveling west.
Twenty German families from the Upper Rhine Valley mostly Lutherans settled near this site in 1717, and were promptly followed by others some of them, indebted to Governor Spotswood for money he had advanced for their passage discharged the debt . . . Map (db m171400) HM
97Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Mine Run CampaignMeade vs. Lee
On Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) at Zoar School Road, on the left when traveling north on Zoar Road.
“The promptness with which this unexpected attack was met and repulsed reflects great credit upon General Johnson and the officers and men of his division.” — Gen. Robert E. Lee, CSA “The delay in the movements . . . Map (db m42085) HM
98Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The Mine Run CampaignThe Battle of Payne’s Farm
On Zoar Road (Virginia Route 611) at Zoar School Road, on the left when traveling north on Zoar Road.
“The brave officers and men of this division, attacked by a greatly superior force from an admirable position, turned upon him and drove him from the field, which he left strewn with arms, artillery and infantry ammunition, his dead and . . . Map (db m42089) HM
99Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — The WildernessDark, Close Wood — The Battlefield Becomes a Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20) 1.7 miles west of Germanna Highway (Virginia Route 3).
Marker Front: The Wilderness of today looks little like the tangled landscape soldiers found here in 1864. For decades before the war, loggers had cut and recut these forests to fuel nearby iron furnaces, leaving behind an impenetrable . . . Map (db m59518) HM
100Virginia (Orange County), Locust Grove — Union HeadquartersThe Battle of the Wilderness — Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park —
Near Constitution Highway (Virginia Route 20), on the left when traveling west.
Ellwood stood in the midst of the Wilderness, a dark, forbidding forest characterized by stunted trees and densely tangled undergrowth. When the Confederates challenged General Ulysses S. Grant’s advance through the Wilderness on May 5, 1864, the . . . Map (db m155694) HM

158 entries matched your criteria. The first 100 are listed above. The final 58 ⊳
 
May. 17, 2021