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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana

 
Clickable Map of Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Natchitoches Parish, LA (108) Bienville Parish, LA (8) De Soto Parish, LA (47) Grant Parish, LA (16) Rapides Parish, LA (182) Red River Parish, LA (2) Sabine Parish, LA (11) Vernon Parish, LA (53) Winn Parish, LA (8)  NatchitochesParish(108) Natchitoches Parish (108)  BienvilleParish(8) Bienville Parish (8)  DeSotoParish(47) De Soto Parish (47)  GrantParish(16) Grant Parish (16)  RapidesParish(182) Rapides Parish (182)  RedRiverParish(2) Red River Parish (2)  SabineParish(11) Sabine Parish (11)  VernonParish(53) Vernon Parish (53)  WinnParish(8) Winn Parish (8)
Natchitoches is the parish seat for Natchitoches Parish
Adjacent to Natchitoches Parish, Louisiana
      Bienville Parish (8)  
      De Soto Parish (47)  
      Grant Parish (16)  
      Rapides Parish (182)  
      Red River Parish (2)  
      Sabine Parish (11)  
      Vernon Parish (53)  
      Winn Parish (8)  
 
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1 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Campti — Marie Theresa de la Grande Terre
Captured in 1708 by French explorer St. Denis in raid on Chitimacha Indian Village in Lafourche Parish. Sold at Mobile to a French officer, Jacques Guedon. They married in 1721 at Los Adaes. Descendants settled the Black Lake Community in 1763. The . . . Map (db m182989) HM
2 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Bayou Folk Museum
Home of Kate Chopin 1880-1883, renowned writer of Creole Short Stories set in famed Cane River Country. Best known for "Bayou Folk" and "A Night in Acadie". Home built in early 1800's by Alexis Cloutier on Spanish Land Grant No. B 17.01.Map (db m87871) HM
3 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Changing Residents
This structure provided shelter for diverse groups of plantation residents, including enslaved workers, the planter family, and plantation overseers. Historical records suggest the building originally served as a hospital for the enslaved . . . Map (db m227611) HM
4 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Farming Transitions
From antiquity, farming was done by people with basic tools. Mules and other animals provided more power. From the 1700s to the mid-1900s, the use of workers, enslaved then sharecropper, allowed the growing of labor-intensive crops. The . . . Map (db m227618) HM
5 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Livestock
Throughout the history of Magnolia Plantation, the LeComte-Hertzog family relied on livestock for a variety of purposes. As early as 1765 Jean Baptiste LeComte owned eight cattle, four horses, and eight pigs. By 1787 his livestock included 90 . . . Map (db m227812) HM
6 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Meet "Jack" the Magnolia Mule
Mules are a hybrid offspring from a male donkey and a female horse. They are generally smaller than horses, but stronger and more sure- footed. They were preferred over horses for farm work were an important part of agricultural production in . . . Map (db m232075) HM
7 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Cloutierville — Two Worlds
You stand between two worlds Magnolia's physical landscape is divided into two distinct but interrelated spaces-Main House and Quarters. The buildings are arranged for both function and aesthetics and illustrate how the meaning of a place can . . . Map (db m227610) HM
8 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — A French Connection
Pigeonniers (pee-zjuhn-yay) were once common on Louisiana Creole plantations. Constructed of timber framing with bousillage infill, it is one of the most direct links between French and Louisiana architecture. Originally built as coops to raise . . . Map (db m227432) HM
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9 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — A River Runs Through It
Louisiana's abundant rivers and bayous provided essential paths for travel and trade. Merchandise, people, animals, communications, and even diseases were carried on the waters by dugouts, barges and steamboats over the centuries. The Red . . . Map (db m227880) HM
10 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — A Very Valuable Man
The roar of the fire and the ring of hammers filled the air as the blacksmith moved from forge to anvil heating and shaping iron. Many African cultures had an iron-working tradition which they passed down from father to son. Plantations . . . Map (db m227429) HM
11 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Cash or Credit
"Around December... I can hear [Dad] and Mom talking. 'Didn't break even; didn't break even....when he finished at the end of the year, he owed them money, rather than them owing him money, and that's exactly what it meant." The Store, . . . Map (db m227426) HM
12 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Corn Crib
After harvest and while still on the cob, corn was placed in the Crib to dry and be stored. The Crib, constructed around 1850, had no chinking between the logs allowing air flow to promote drying. Corn was an essential component in the . . . Map (db m227427) HM
13 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Escaped! Freedom Seekers in 1804
Although written documentation is scarce, Magnolia Plantation is associated with an escape by enslaved Africans during an 1804 Insurrection from Rivière aux Cannes (Cane River), where at least 30 enslaved people, including six men, one woman . . . Map (db m227818) HM
14 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Escaped! Freedom Seekers in 1863
Magnolia Plantation is associated with an 1863 freedom seeker named Arnold who escaped with two others named Anderson and Alfred from adjacent plantations. Arnold belonged to Ambroise LeCompte (or LeComte), and Anderson and Alfred belonged . . . Map (db m227821) HM
15 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Gardens and Porches
Although almost bare of plantings now, former Quarters residents recall gardens, bushes, and flowering fruit trees that provided food, color, and shade. The area around each cabin was space tenants could treat as their own. They planted . . . Map (db m227820) HM
16 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Industry vs Manpower
Forced to remove cotton seeds by hand, each enslaved worker could pick seeds from only one pound of cotton per day. The hand-cranked cotton gin (short for engine), patented by Ell Whitney in 1794, revolutionized the industry by removing . . . Map (db m227823) HM
17 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Magnolia Plantation
Rarely do you encounter original outbuildings where generations of the same families of workers and owners lived and worked. Here people produced the wealth that supported Magnolia for more than two centuries. Ambrose LeComte . . . Map (db m227457) HM
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18 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Magnolia Plantation Site MapCane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana
Cane River Creole National Historical Park was established by Congress in 1994, along with the Cane River National Heritage Area. The park consists of Oakland and Magnolia Plantations, which are located within the heritage area. In establishing . . . Map (db m227422) HM
19 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Oakland Plantation
A few miles upriver, Oakland Plantation was founded on a 1785 Spanish-era land grant by Jean Pierre Emanuel Prud'homme. A small enslaved work force grew tobacco and indigo. From domestic and agricultural workers to craftsmen such . . . Map (db m227523) HM
20 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Plantation Landscape
Plantations resembled small towns with numerous buildings surrounded by fields, pastures, and gardens. Planters added, re-purposed, or removed buildings as the needs of the plantation changed. The original outbuildings are where generations . . . Map (db m227881) HM
21 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Plantation Pastimes
Recreational opportunities were abundant for those living on the plantation in the 1800s. Planter Ambrose LeComte was known for his fine racehorses Horse racing remained popular in the 20th century and most plantations including Magnolia had . . . Map (db m227462) HM
22 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — The Battle of Cloutierville
Though far from the fighting for most of the Civil War, the Red River Campaign in the spring of 1864 brought the war and its destruction to Magnolia Plantation. Retreating Confederates contributed to the first wave of destruction in . . . Map (db m227835) HM
23 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — The Cost of Cotton
The Cotton Gin was central to the economic life of the plantation. By 1820, the U.S. grew over 30 times more cotton than when Eli Whitney's gin was patented, making it the world's leading supplier, Meeting the demand of textile mills of New . . . Map (db m227879) HM
24 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — The Quarters Community
Built as early as 1845, as many as twenty-four brick cabins stood here as housing for the enslaved workers, of which eight remain. Originally housing two enslaved families, each cabin was constructed with locally-made brick, dirt . . . Map (db m227813) HM
25 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — The Sound of Time
The bell marked the times of day for the enslaved laborers. Most planters or overseers used bells to communicate with their workers. It could be rung to signal that it was time to start the day's work, time to break for meals, time to quit . . . Map (db m227420) HM
26 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — The Tornado
In January 1939, a tornado ripped through Magnolia Plantation. A newspaper article noted that "Ten persons were reported injured, one mule was killed, and much other livestock injured by flying debris." According to Betty Hertzog, . . . Map (db m227526) HM
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27 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Derry — Unearthing The Past
The Quarters was home to generations of workers, enslaved and tenant, but the cabins give few hints into the lives of the people. Oral traditions, historical papers, and archeological artifacts provide insight into life in . . . Map (db m227815) HM
28 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Grand Ecore — Site of Fort Selden
About 2 miles NW. Occupied 1816-17 and 1819-22. Purpose was to police southwestern frontier and guard Red River and Bayou Pierre. Gen. Edmund P. Gaines, commander of the Western Department, had his headquarters here for a time.Map (db m106124) HM
29 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Grand Ecore — U.S. Military Road #11
Constructed by soldiers of Fort Jesup 1827-1828 Extension of Old San Antonio Trace. Grand Ecore supplanted Natchitoches as a river port as early as 1836. Fortifications of 1861-1865 nearby. Two miles to Fort Selden, est. 1822. . . . Map (db m106126) HM
30 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Marthaville — Grave of Unknown Confederate Soldier
Here lies an unknown Confederate, killed by Union troops, April 2, 1864, during the Red River Campaign. This soldier had been cut off from his unit following a skirmish at nearby Crump's Hill. He was shot at this site while attempting . . . Map (db m175894) HM
31 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Marthaville — In Honor and Memory of our VeteransBethany Heroes
Civil War Cook, Columbus A. • Lacy, William World War Carroll, Rufus • Ferguson, William • Free, David Greenwood • Jennings, E. R. Lige • Parker, James Dallas Korean War Ferguson, John D. • Ganey, Clarence A. • Gentry, . . . Map (db m214329) WM
32 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Marthaville — William Hodge Barnhill
In memory of William Hodge Barnhill, his family and descendants. Here on his homeplace April 3, 1864 he and his sons buried a Confederate soldier killed by Union forces. This gravesite was maintained by the Barnhill family for 98 yrsMap (db m175224) HM
33 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — African House and Clementine Hunter's Murals
How was African House built? This hut-like structure was constructed by skilled slaves in the 1820s. Their toil included digging clay, shaping it into molds and firing to create bricks for the first floor. The second floor was crafted with . . . Map (db m227883) HM
34 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Badin-Roque House
Rare surviving example of a poteaux-en-terre (posts in the ground) house, an ancient form of construction prevalent in Mississippi Valley during 18th and early 19th centuries. Probably fewer than 10 extant examples in U.S.Map (db m86903) HM
35 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Big House
Louis Metoyer Plantation Declared a National Historic Landmark in 1974, the Metoyer Plantation (aka Yucca Plantation: Melrose Plantation) is one of the largest plantations in the United States, built by and for "free people of color." It . . . Map (db m229077) HM
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36 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Clemetine Hunter Home and Studio
This simple frame house was the home of Clementine Hunter from 1954-1977. Hunter gained fame in the mid-20th century as a self-taught folk artist whose works captured her memories of plantation life with images of picking cotton, washing . . . Map (db m228937) HM
37 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Ghana House
The Louis Metoyer or Yucca Plantation, known since 1885 as Melrose Plantation, was established in 1796 by a remarkable family of formerly enslaved people. Five of its buildings: Yucca House, African House, Ghana House, Big House, and the Barn . . . Map (db m227910) HM
38 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Melrose Barn(c. 1796-1810)
Louis Metoyer built the barn c. 1810 in the Creole style. It is one of only two Creole barns still standing in Louisiana. The single room storage area is raised on piers and is floored. A French-style hipped roof extends out to cover the . . . Map (db m228936) HM
39 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — The Bindry
Originally located at Grand Ecore (a small community four miles north of Natchitoches on the Red River), the one-room log cabin, now known as the Bindery, is made of wooden planks with half-dovetail notches and contains a storage attic. . . . Map (db m229074) HM
40 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Weaving House
Since childhood, Cammie Henry was enamored by the artistic skills of past generations. She took up weaving as a hobby and became a master of many techniques. A collector of looms and spinning wheels, in 1934, Ms. Cammie needed to enlarge her . . . Map (db m229076) HM
41 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Yucca House(1812-1815)
Writers In Residence Yucca House was occupied by two writers during the years when Cammie Henry ran Melrose Plantation as an artists' retreat. Lyle Saxon (1891-1946) began visiting in the early 1920s, and in 1933, he moved into Yucca . . . Map (db m227888) HM
42 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Melrose — Yucca Plantation
Yucca Plantation Has been designated a National Historic Landmark This site possesses national significance in commemorating the history of the United States of America 1974 National Park Service United States Department of the . . . Map (db m87098) HM
43 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Nachitoches, Pace Community — Chief White Smoke
About three-quarters of a mile west of this spot is Butte Hill, the burial mound of White Smoke, first chief of Butte Tribe of Bayou Bourbeaux. He was baptized as Franco José Pereda Montano (10-Mar-1778) in Mexico City. With his band of warriors, . . . Map (db m225524) HM
44 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — A Canopied Path
The allée, which means path in French, was crucial to the landscape of the Main House. Live, oaks (Quercus virginiana) were transplantet for both beauty and purpose. Transplanting trees is an enormous undertaking and required a planter who had . . . Map (db m242151) HM
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45 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — A French Connection
Pigeonniers (pee-zjuhn-yay) were once common on Louisiana Creole plantations. Constructed of timber framing with bousillage infill, it is one of the most direct links between French and Louisiana architecture. Originally built as . . . Map (db m232121) HM
46 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Badin-Roque House
This historic house is the only surviving example of poteaux-en-terre (post in the ground) and bousillage architecture in Louisiana and features a single central chimney and dirt floors. This house is also the only one of five . . . Map (db m227368) HM
47 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Badin-Roque Kitchen
Like most plantation outer buildings the Badin-Roque kitchen was originally located behind the main house. The building is a cypress and bousillage structure set up on piers. The kitchen was moved to the city of Natchitoches as early as . . . Map (db m227371) HM
48 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Cane River Creole
Welcome We invite you to take a cultural journey and immerse yourself in the rich, diverse heritage and vibrant living traditions of Cane River. In 1994, U.S. Congress acknowledged the unique qualities of this region by creating Cane . . . Map (db m232083) HM
49 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Cook's Cabin to Fishing Camp
The Cook's Cabin was originally located behind the Main House in an area known as "the yard." Records indicate that enslaved cooks, laundresses, and others lived in "the yard." Little is known of the enslaved cooks other than Venus who was . . . Map (db m241835) HM
50 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Creole Architecture
Louisiana architecture was shaped by culture and climate. Creole is multicultural, blending French, Spanish, African, and Native American heritages, and the architecture reflects this diversity. A Raised Creole House featured wide, . . . Map (db m241832) HM
51 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Escaped! Freedom Seekers in 1863-1864
As the Civil War descended into the Red River valley in 1863, the presence of U.S. soldiers located in nearby Alexandria began to disrupt plantation life and watchmen were posted each night. On June 20, 1863, Oakland Overseer, J. T. McNeely wrote . . . Map (db m242183) HM
52 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Grandpère's Tomb
"Grandpère" Nicolas Augustin Metoyer, the oldest son of Claude Thomas Pierre Metoyer and Marie Thérèse Coincoin, was born a twin on January 22, 1768 Grandpere, a visionary and spiritual leader, is the Founder of St. Augustine Catholic Church and . . . Map (db m227367) HM
53 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Hollywood Comes to Oakland Plantation
The Horse Soldiers, a 1959 film, starring John Wayne, William Holden, Constance Tower and Althea Gibson, attempted to capture the drama of Benjamin Grierson's Union cavalry and through Mississippi during the 1863 Vicksburg Campaign. . . . Map (db m229532) HM
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54 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — How Do You Say Pecan
The pecan tree (Carya illinoinensis) is native to North America growing it natural groves near rivers or lakes. Due to the pecan's availability and taste, native peoples used them as a food source. Most native pecans are small but . . . Map (db m241834) HM
55 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Magnolia Plantation
A few miles down river, Ambrose LeCompte established Magnolia Plantation in 1835. However, Magnolia Plantation's early history is rooted in colonial Louisiana. In the 1750s, the LeCompte family received a French-era land grant on Cane River, . . . Map (db m232087) HM
56 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Maker of Most Things Wood
The carpenter was an important craftsman. Carpenters built and repaired houses, barns, and shops. The Carpenter Shop, built of hand- hewn timbers held together with half-dovetail notching, may be one of the oldest remaining structures as it . . . Map (db m241830) HM
57 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Meet "Natchez" the Oakland Mule
Mules are a hybrid offspring from a male donkey and a female horse. They are generally smaller than horses, but stronger and more sure- footed. They were preferred over horses for farm work were an important part of agricultural production in the . . . Map (db m232076) HM
58 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Middleman to Yardman
The Overseer was the link between the planter and their enslaved laborers during the Antebellum period. His primary duty consisted of overseeing the daily work of the enslaved people. Knowledge of weather patterns and soil conservation was . . . Map (db m242153) HM
59 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Oakland Plantation
Rarely do you encounter original outbuildings where generations of the same families of owners and workers, enslaved and tenant, lived and worked. Inside these barns, smokehouses, sheds, coops, kitchens, storehouses, and cabins, the people . . . Map (db m232077) HM
60 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Old Plauche Place / Ducournau Plantation
(side 1) This c. 1836 center hall Creole cottage is of poteaux sur sole, (hand-hewn pegged cypress sills on brick piers) and bousillage construction on the 1780s land grant to Claude Pierre Thomas Metoyer. The lower 68 acres given to a . . . Map (db m70645) HM
61 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — The Enslaved Nanny's Room
Prior to the end of the Civil War, many enslaved people worked in the house cooking and serving meals, cleaning, attending family members and caring for the children. They lived in cabins behind the house except for the Prud'homme children's . . . Map (db m241833) HM
62 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — The Helaire Family of Oakland / The Shields Family of Oakland
The Helaire family traces its history back to the late 1700s and two enslaved workers whose son, Helaire, was born on Oakland in 1809. Known as Jean Baptiste Helaire after Emancipation, he and his wife Filis (or Phillis) raised seven children . . . Map (db m242194) HM
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63 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — The Oak Allée & Bottle Garden
The grand Live Oaks in the allée or alley were planted around 1826 according to the Prud'homme family. The interlocking canopies cool a large area in front of the house, but they also help channel cool breezes toward the house. From formal . . . Map (db m241837) HM
64 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchez — Working Iron
Many African cultures had an iron-working tradition which was passed down from father to son. Plantations required blacksmiths to make and repair tools and hardware. While the Blacksmith Shop no longer stands, the work of these craftsmen . . . Map (db m242152) HM
65 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Basilica of the Immaculate Conception
Begun in 1852 and completed in 1889, this is the fifth Catholic Church in Natchitoches. The first was associated with the French colonial Fort St. Jean Baptiste. Proclaimed a minor basilica by apostolic decree from his holiness Benedict XVI in . . . Map (db m109539) HM
66 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Bayou Amulet
During the French and Spanish Colonial Period, 1714 - 1803, this bayou emptied into the Red River, now Cane River Lake. It was the rendezvous when the river trade from New Orleans met the pack animal trains from Old Mexico. Because of the many . . . Map (db m106517) HM
67 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Caddo Nation
The ancestors of the Caddo Indians were agriculturalists whose distinctive way of life and material culture emerged by A.D. 900, as revealed in archeological sites in Arkansas, Louisiana, Texas and Oklahoma. When members of Hernando de Soto's . . . Map (db m214666) HM
68 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Colonial Gateway Corral
First sighted by St. Denis and Bienville in 1700, this hill was later St. Denis' vacherie. Here three paths met. From the Spanish West came cattle and horses; eastward were his home and the route of flatboats to New Orleans. A road wound North to . . . Map (db m66241) HM
69 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Dr. John Sibley
Born May 19th, 1757 Sutton, Massachusetts Died April 8th, 1837 Natchitoches, Louisiana In 1776, at age 19, John Sibley served the patriot cause in the American Revolution as a surgeon’s mate with the Massachusetts Militia. In 1784, he . . . Map (db m106168) HM
70 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Ducournau Building
This Building Ducournau Building 1835 Has Been Placed On The National Register of Historic Places By the United States Department of the InteriorMap (db m109797) HM
71 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — El Camino RealKing's Highway — Old San Antonio Trace —
Traveled by St. Denis in 1714 from Natchitoches to the Rio Grande Natchitoches, the oldest town in La., was established in 1714Map (db m69237) HM
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72 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — El Camino Real de los Tejas
Established in the late 1600’s by connecting well-worn Native American trails, El Camino Real de los Tejas was a major overland route from Mexico City to Natchitoches. By 1717, the trail had witnessed at least five major Spanish expeditions from . . . Map (db m106171) HM
73 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — First Mass in Natchitoches
“The first recorded, formal Christian religious service conducted in Nathchitoches was a holy Mass celebrated in 1716 in the open air beneath a large wooden cross. The celebrant, a native of Valencia, Spain, was Venerable Antonio Margil de . . . Map (db m109538) HM
74 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Fort Saint Jean Baptiste
On this hill stood Fort Saint Jean Baptiste, westernmost outpost of the French Colonial Empire in the west, erected by Saint Denis under Iberville's orders in 1720, seat of the garrison of the Post of Natchitoches, the oldest town in the Louisiana . . . Map (db m106119) HM
75 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Fort St. Jean Baptiste
At this site on April 26, 1804, Fort St. Jean Baptiste was one of six garrisons in Louisiana where the American Flag was raised in ceremonies commemorating the transfer of the Louisiana Purchase. On behalf of the United States, Commissioner William . . . Map (db m106118) HM
76 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Francois Rouquier Homesite
At this location stood the home of Francois Rouquier, early Natchitoches Indian trader and farmer. The house foundations, dating circa 1780 were uncovered during archaeological excavations undertaken in 1975.Map (db m165444) HM
77 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Ft. St. Jean Baptiste(Six blocks south)
English Built about 1715 by request of Saint Denis to halt the Spanish expansion eastward. Natchitoches Indians, allies of the French, gave their name to the city. French Fort St-Jean-Baptiste (à 300 mètres au Sud) . . . Map (db m86859) HM
78 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Great Red River Flood of 1945
During the Great Red River Flood of 1945, the Cane River rose and crested 16 feet above it's typical mean pool elevation of 98.0 on April 10,1945. The brick coursing variation above denotes the level to which the waters rose during the 1945 flood . . . Map (db m175417) HM
79 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Henri de Tonti
On Feb. 17, 1690, Henri de Tonti, a trader and French army officer known as the Iron Hand, arrived in this area to search for LaSalle's lost colony. While here, he helped arrange a treaty between the Taensa and Natchitoches Indians.Map (db m109793) HM
80 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Louis Juchereau de St. Denis1676-1744
In 1700 explored & established trade with Natchitoches Indians voyaging on Red River. In 1714 built a garrisoned post to repel the Spanish, promoted trade searched mines. Married in 1716 at the Rio del Norte Presidio. Leadership of Indians & victory . . . Map (db m86867) HM
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81 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Natchitoches and the Early American Period
Located on the United States/Spanish border, by 1804 Natchitoches was the third most important settlement in the Louisiana Purchase after New Orleans and St. Louis. Within months of the official transfer of Louisiana to American rule, a military . . . Map (db m106170) HM
82 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Natchitoches Historic District
Natchitoches Historic District Has Been Designated A National Historic Landmark This Site Possesses National Significance in Commemorating the History of the United States of America Map (db m109799) HM
83 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Natchitoches Indians
According to legend, in 1835 a proclamation was read to the Natchitoches Indians, who assembled across the River from this spot, departing them to the Oklahoma Territory.Map (db m87305) HM
84 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Northwestern State University
The history of Northwestern State University begins when a portion of property owned by Natchitoches founder Louis Juchereau de St. Denis was obtained by the Bullard family who in 1832 completed a mansion on a hill facing east towards Chaplin’s . . . Map (db m106519) HM
85 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Preservation In Natchitoches
Nestled on the banks of the Cane River, Natchitoches is perhaps the most beautiful inland town in Louisiana. Founded in 1714 as a French colonial settlement, it boasts brick lined streets, historic architecture, and a charming ambiance that . . . Map (db m188776) HM
86 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Robert Buford "Bobby" DeblieuxJanuary 26, 1933 - January 30, 2010
Parents: Jefferson Davis Deblieux, Marie Dell Robieu Deblieux Children: Cammie Deblieux Davis, Dene' Deblieux Mathies Born and raised in Natchitoches, Robert Buford "Bobby” Delieux exhibited an interest in historic preservation throughout his . . . Map (db m176370) HM
87 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Roque HouseCirca 1797
This French Colonial cottage was built by a freed black slave named "Yves" but called "Pascale". in 1797. Constructed of bousillage (adobe) between angular and upright posts, it represents the earliest form of what is now known in Louisiana as . . . Map (db m86861) HM
88 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Roque House1803
A freedman of color, Yves, likely constructed this French Creole building around the turn of the 19th century. It was named for its last occupant, Madame Aubert Roque. The house was moved to this location from downriver in 1967.Map (db m175423) HM
89 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Sacred GroundCaddo Memorial Plaza
The ground upon which you are standing right now is sacred ground. In the early 1930s when the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service began construction of this hatchery, over 100 Caddo Indian graves were unearthed. At that time, the Native American . . . Map (db m214665) HM
90 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Saint Denis Tomb
Beneath this building, former site of the Church of Saint Francis, the first Catholic Church in Natchitoches, lie the remains of The Chevalier Louis Juchereau de Saint Denis. Born at Quebec September 17, 1676, died at Natchitoches June 11, . . . Map (db m109435) HM
91 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Site of Camp Salubrity
About 2 miles NW occupied 1844-45 by the 4th Infantry Regiment part of the "Army of Observation" to be near the Texas border should hostilities occur with Mexico. The camp located on the old Texas Road. Lt. Ulysses S. Grant was stationed there and . . . Map (db m109434) HM
92 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — Site of Fort Claiborne
Fort established here in 1804. Named after William C.C. Claiborne, then governor of territorial Louisiana. Protected U.S. interests on southwestern frontier. Garrisoned almost continuously until establishment of Fort Jesup in 1822.Map (db m86855) HM
93 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The American Cemetery
Established in 1737, the American Cemetery is considered one of the oldest cemeteries in the Louisiana Purchase. The many civic, religious, military, and political leaders buried here reflect the long and colorful history of Cane River National . . . Map (db m106111) HM
94 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The American Cemetery
Originally this was the site of the relocated Fort St. Jean Baptiste and the first formal burial ground at the Natchitoches Post. Graves date from the middle eighteenth century and represent the following French, Spanish and American founders. . . . Map (db m106116) HM
95 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The American Transition
President Thomas Jefferson negotiated the Louisiana Purchase with French Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte in 1803. The Louisiana Purchase was the largest peacetime land acquisition in U.S. history, containing territory that eventually comprised 15 states. . . . Map (db m106110) HM
96 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The Historic Cane River
Once a primary channel of the mighty Red River, Cane River has defined the region for centuries. It has been home to various ethnic groups over the years, including the Native Americans, French, Spanish, Africans from various tribes, and Americans. . . . Map (db m106513) HM
97 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The Jefferson Highway
The Louisiana Purchase of 1803 was the first large step for the United States to complete its calling of Manifest Destiny to expand from sea to shining sea. Though national attention focused on east-west travel it would be another 114 years . . . Map (db m188373) HM
98 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The Legacy of Catholicism
Catholicism has played a central role throughout the history of the Cane River region, with its emergence rooted in French and Spanish Colonial-era claims to the territory. Although many other religions have flourished in the area over the years, . . . Map (db m106172) HM
99 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The Louisiana Purchase/El Camino Real De Los Tejas
"Let the Land rejoice, for you have bought Louisiana for a Song." —Gen, Horatio Gates to President Thomas Jefferson, July 18, 1803 In 1803 the United States paid France $15 million for the Louisiana Territory- 828,000 square miles of . . . Map (db m176317) HM
100 Louisiana, Natchitoches Parish, Natchitoches — The Natchitoches Parish Old Courthouse
The first Natchitoches Parish Courthouse was built on this site about 1828. It was demolished in 1895 to allow for the present historic courthouse, which was built in 1896. The courthouse cost $20,555 to build. This Richardsonian Romanesque . . . Map (db m106173) HM

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Apr. 13, 2024