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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Washington County, Texas

 
Clickable Map of Washington County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil; HMdb.org; J.J.Prats/dc:title> https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Usa_counties_large.svg Washington County, TX (124) Austin County, TX (64) Brazos County, TX (27) Burleson County, TX (23) Fayette County, TX (65) Grimes County, TX (33) Lee County, TX (15) Waller County, TX (41)  WashingtonCounty(124) Washington County (124)  AustinCounty(64) Austin County (64)  BrazosCounty(27) Brazos County (27)  BurlesonCounty(23) Burleson County (23)  FayetteCounty(65) Fayette County (65)  GrimesCounty(33) Grimes County (33)  LeeCounty(15) Lee County (15)  WallerCounty(41) Waller County (41)
Adjacent to Washington County, Texas
    Austin County (64)
    Brazos County (27)
    Burleson County (23)
    Fayette County (65)
    Grimes County (33)
    Lee County (15)
    Waller County (41)
 
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GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8306 — 100th Anniversary Brenham "Banner-Press"(1866-1966)
Founded Jan. 1, 1866, as weekly "Southern Banner", by Dan McGary and John C. Rankin, Confederate veterans. For his independent policies, editor McGary was jailed that year. Shop and nearby businesses burned, but paper survived. Became a daily in . . . — Map (db m151327) HM
2Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8297 — Bassett and Bassett Banking House
Benjamin H. and Thomas J. Bassett opened their newly-created bank and located their law office in this building soon after its completion in 1873. Built with bricks manufactured by the local Wild & Co. Brickyard, the Italianate structure housed the . . . — Map (db m74420) HM
3Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8301 — Baylor University for Boys
On this site stood one of the early buildings of Baylor University erected for boys in 1851, and torn down in 1934 The institution was incorporated February 1, 1845 under the laws of the Republic of Texas named for Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor who . . . — Map (db m118673) HM
4Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 13680 — Baylor University on Windmill Hill
In 1845, the Republic of Texas chartered Baylor University at Independence, and it began on the west side of town on Academy Hill. Shortly, work on a second campus began here at Windmill Hill (Allen's Hill). James Huckins developed a site plan and a . . . — Map (db m118694) HM
5Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8302 — Bethlehem Cemetery
Located on land granted to Josiah Lester by the Mexican government prior to Texas independence, this cemetery began in the 1850s after subsequent landowner Erwin Brown set aside land for a school and church. The site also served as a community . . . — Map (db m165382) HM
6Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8303 — Blinn College
Founded as "Mission Institute", March 28, 1883. Methodist affiliated. 1887 gift of Rev. Christian Blinn of New York built main hall. Name was changed 1889 to Blinn Memorial. This main building erected 1906. Became Junior College, 1927. . . . — Map (db m165238) HM
7Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 13541 — Blue Bell Creameries
In August 1907, the Brenham Creamery Company formed to purchase excess dairy products from farmers and produce butter for local sales. In 1911, the creamery began making ice cream, producing a maximum of two gallons each day. E.F. Kruse, who managed . . . — Map (db m74449) HM
8Texas (Washington County), Brenham — B'Nai Abraham Synagogue
This property is the former site of the B'Nai Abraham Synagogue, which was built in 1893 for one of the first orthodox congregations in Texas, founded in 1885. The Synagogue served the community of Brenham, observing strict Hebrew worship with . . . — Map (db m165247) HM
9Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8307 — Brenham Fire Department
Two volunteer organizations, Brenham Hook and Ladder Co. and the Fire Protection Co., were started May 28, 1867, ostensibly to fight fires. In reality they were also military companies to suppress lawlessness until in 1874 Reconstruction ended. . . . — Map (db m164473) HM
10Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Brenham Masonic Cemetery
Numerous gravestones dating from the early 1840s indicate that this burial ground was in use well before December of 1847, when it was formally deeded to the Graham Masonic Lodge #20 by Chauncey B. Shepard (1812-1892). Brenham's citizens buried . . . — Map (db m164537) HM
11Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 18327 — Brenham Normal and Industrial College
Brenham’s African American and Anglo community leaders first discussed the Brenham Normal and Industrial College (BNIC) in a public meeting in March 1905, when Daniel Porter (1863-1916) came to the area seeking land and a building to create a . . . — Map (db m131045) HM
12Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8310 — Brenham Presbyterian Church
This fellowship was founded in 1877 by the Rev. Warner B. Riggs and a small group of charter members. Within three years there were more than fifty names on the church roll, and a sanctuary had been erected on West Main Street. Despite financial . . . — Map (db m165237) HM
13Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 17617 — Camptown Cemetery
This burial ground is the oldest predominantly African American cemetery in Brenham. It dates from the 1860s and historically has been associated with the nearby Mount Rose Missionary Baptist Church. After the Civil War former Washington County . . . — Map (db m164470) HM
14Texas (Washington County), Brenham — City of Brenham
Established in 1844 Named in honor of Dr. Richard Fox Brenham 1810 - 1843 Surgeon in the Army of the Republic of Texas Member of the Mier Expedition Killed at Salado, Mexico February 11, 1843 — Map (db m165120) HM
15Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8329 — Early Texas River Steamers
River-shipping efforts in pioneer Texas by steamboat were centered primarily on the Brazos (about 2 mi. E.), and Washington-on-the-Brazos (about 15 mi. N.) was an important distribution point for commercial interests. The Brazos flowed through most . . . — Map (db m71622) HM
16Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8330 — Eben-Ezer Evangelical Lutheran Church
Spiritual center of the Berlin community, which was settled by Germans in 1847. On a missionary visit, Dec. 24, 1854, The Rev. Johann Ebinger (1828-1908) of Harris County held earliest Lutheran service in Washington County. On July 1, 1855, he . . . — Map (db m151369) HM
17Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8331 — Evangelical Lutheran Colleges of Texas
The first Evangelical Lutheran Synod in Texas was organized in 1851 by eight pastors who would gather fellow-immigrants from Europe in congregations. Synod bought an existing campus at Rutersville in 1872 and operated her German-American College . . . — Map (db m165131) HM
18Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8332 — First Baptist Church
Organized Dec. 20, 1846, as New Year's Creek Church, at a school house in Allcorn area. Founders were Judge R.E.B. Baylor, W.W. Buster, and Hosea Garrett. Rev. A.D. Fisher was chosen as the church's first pastor in 1847. In 1848, the year Texas . . . — Map (db m165255) HM
19Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8333 — First Christian Church of Brenham
Organized with 18 members in 1877, this congregation grew out of the early missionary efforts of A.J. Bush and W.J. Jones. Many prominent Washington County settlers were among its earliest members. The fellowship worshiped at various locations . . . — Map (db m165254) HM
20Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8334 — First Methodist Church
Brenham's first church; was established year Brenham founded, 1844. Early member R.B. Wells wrote and published "Christian Advocate", church magazine of Texas Methodists here in 1846. By 1868 church had reached such stature that the Texas . . . — Map (db m165241) HM
21Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8338 — Former Bank Building of Giddings & Giddings
A private firm; Brenham's first bank, founded 1866 by lawyer-brothers J. D. and D. C. Giddings. This building was erected 1872 for bank, with Brenham Chapter No. 5, Royal Arch Masons, owning third floor. Bank closed in 1945. — Map (db m118662) HM
22Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8421 — General Sam Houston
One and one-half miles south General Sam Houston was baptized by Rufus C. Burleson, Baptist minister and president of Baylor University, November 19, 1854 in Rocky Creek — Map (db m118701) HM
23Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8412 — George Washington Petty
A San Jacinto veteran Born in Tennessee April 7, 1812 Died July 27, 1901 — Map (db m118768) HM WM
24Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8337 — Germania Mutual Aid Association
In 1894 Bartlett, Texas, merchant L. A. Niebuhr presented Waco attorney E. W. Hander with a plan to establish a farm mutual aid association to provide farmers insurance against losses due to fire, lightning, and storms. Hander initially dismissed . . . — Map (db m151297) HM
25Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Giddings Stone Mansion 1870
This grand structure is one of the top ten examples of Greek Revival residential architecture in Texas. This was the second home of Honorable J.D. Giddings, Brenham's most prominent forefather, and his wife, Ann. An architectural feat, the . . . — Map (db m165119) HM
26Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Giddings Wilkin House Museum 1843
This is the oldest standing structure in Brenham. It was the second house built in Hickory Grove, as Brenham was called in those days. This was the first home built by Honorable J.D. Giddings, Brenham's most prominent forefather. It was a . . . — Map (db m165317) HM
27Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8339 — Giddings-Stone House
This house was completed in 1870 for prominent Brenham banker, lawyer, and landowner Jabez Giddings (1814-1878) (for whom Giddings, Texas, is named) and his wife Ann (1822-1902). It was later owned by their daughter, Mary Louise, and her husband, . . . — Map (db m165118) HM
28Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8340 — Giddings-Wilkin House
Jabez Deming Giddings (1814-1878) of Pennsylvania bought this land in 1837. A lawyer, businessman, and civic leader, he built this residence of hand-hewn cypress boards before his marriage in 1843 to Ann Tarver (1822-1907). An unusual rooftop . . . — Map (db m165316) HM
29Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8341 — Glenblythe Plantation, Home of Thomas Affleck
In the 19th century, one of the world's foremost researcher-writers on agriculture and horticulture lived 1858-1868 on his 3,500-acre plantation 2 mi. S of here, developing famous "central Texas nurseries" and experimental fields for new plant . . . — Map (db m131025) HM
30Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 14045 — Hogan Funeral Home
In 1914, noted Texas educator Columbus H. Hogan became a founding partner in the Washington County Undertaking Co. on South Park Street in Brenham. It was then the only funeral home in the county for African Americans. Hogan later became sole . . . — Map (db m165377) HM
31Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8418 — Home Built in 1845 by General Jerome B. Robertson(1815-1891)
A captain in the army of the Republic of Texas 1836 A captain in the Somervell Expedition 1842 Representative and Senator in the Texas Legislature Brigadier General of Hood's Brigade C. S. A. — Map (db m118705) HM
32Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8353 — Houston-Lea Family Cemetery
When the widow of Sam Houston died of yellow fever during the epidemic of 1867, the danger of contagion made it impossible to carry her to Huntsville for burial beside her husband. She lies here, with her mother, Mrs. Nancy Lea, near the sites of . . . — Map (db m118731) HM
33Texas (Washington County), Brenham — KTTX/KWHI Building
Since its construction in 1920, this building has been in continuous use housing news and entertainment media. It was designed by Architect M.M. Gin and constructed by Contractor Alex Griffin to be the new home of the Brenham Banner Publishing . . . — Map (db m164481) HM
34Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8361 — La Bahia Road
One of the first overland routes used by European explorers of Texas, La Bahia Road was originally an east-west Indian trail in southeastern Texas and Louisiana. Earlier it may have been an animal trail. Although not as famous, or long, as El Camino . . . — Map (db m27787) HM
35Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Lest They Be Forgotten
In 1963 the United States started sending military observer and advisers to South Vietnam to augment their conflict with communist North Vietnam. By 1967 the U.S. was fully engaged in the conflict with ultimately 500,000 U.S. troops engaged in . . . — Map (db m164631) HM WM
36Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 12996 — Liberty Baptist Church
This church has historic ties to Independence Baptist church. In 1871, following Emancipation, former slaves established their own congregation, naming it in honor of their new freedom. The church, which began with 150 members, held services in a . . . — Map (db m118718) HM
37Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 14297 — Louis Lehmann House
This pioneer Berlin community home dates from the 1870s. German native Louis Lehmann, Sr. built the house for his wife Friederike (Clausmeier) and their children. Louis was a leader in Ebenezer Lutheran Church, swerved in the Confederate Army and . . . — Map (db m165381) HM
38Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8354 — Margaret Moffette Lea Houston
Margaret Moffette Lea wife of Gen. Sam Houston April 11, 1819 - Dec. 3, 1867 and her mother Nancy Moffette Lea May 1, 1780 - Feb. 7, 1864 women of character, culture and staunch devotion to their families and church, each in her own way greatly . . . — Map (db m118733) HM
39Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8377 — Mills Roberson “Burney” Parker(March 18, 1874 - October 12, 1932)
A native Texan and the grandson of a pioneer Nueces County Sheriff, Milas Roberson "Burney" Parker grew up in Lee and Washington counties. He served as Washington County Road Superintendent for fourteen years before he was elected county treasurer . . . — Map (db m165379) HM
40Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 18005 — Milroy's Garden and Orchard
Born in Liverpool of Scots parents, Alexander Douglas Milroy immigrated to Houston in 1877 to work in a cotton exporting business. After amassing wealth in the cotton trade, Milroy settled with his family in Brenham in 1893. There he fulfilled his . . . — Map (db m151346) HM
41Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8294 — Moses Baine(1800 - 1864)
A native of Ireland, Moses Baine came to the United States in 1819. In 1830 Baine and his wife, Cecilia (Inglesby), joined Stephen F. Austin's colony at San Felipe. A veteran of the Battle of San Jacinto, Baine established a permanent home near . . . — Map (db m165380) HM
42Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 17618 — Mount Rose Missionary Baptist Church
This historic church, the oldest African American Baptist congregation in Brenham and one of the first in Washington County, has its origins in secret meetings held by runaway slaves and freedmen in the 1850s. After the Civil War, federal troops . . . — Map (db m164472) HM
43Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 17367 — Mt. Zion United Methodist Church
After emancipation in 1865, African American families settled on the westside of Brenham and established Watersville. In 1877, Reverend J.R. Smith conducted services under a brush arbor and the congregation became known as Mt. Zion Colored . . . — Map (db m165240) HM
44Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8375 — Oak Rest Cemetery and Site of Prospect Presbyterian Church
The Rev. Hugh Wilson (1794-1868) organized Prospect Presbyterian Church at this site in February 1839. Located on land included in a Mexican land grant to James F. and Emily Perry, it was the second Presbyterian church founded in Texas. Worship . . . — Map (db m164561) HM
45Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8417 — Old Baptist Church
Organized in 1839. Here Sam Houston was converted and baptised in Rocky Creek in 1854. The present building was erected in 1872 — Map (db m118717) HM
46Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 13902 — Prairie Lea Cemetery
Graves in this historic cemetery date from the 1840s, although trustees of the Brenham Cemetery Association did not formally set aside the property until 1871. It came into operation following concern the earlier Masonic Cemetery would soon reach . . . — Map (db m118661) HM
47Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 13679 — Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor(1793-1873)
R.E.B. Baylor, for whom Baylor University is named, was a prominent leader in diverse arenas of public service: military, judicial, political, educational, fraternal and religious. A Kentucky native, he served in the War of 1812 and the Creek Indian . . . — Map (db m118704) HM
48Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8290 — Robert Starke Armistead(November 5, 1800 - June 14, 1866)
A native of North Carolina, Robert Starke Armistead moved with his family to Alabama in 1818. He married Ann Sylvesta Carney in 1826 and they came to Texas in 1835. Armistead served in the Republic of Texas army in 1836 and with forces defending San . . . — Map (db m125651) HM
49Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8384 — Ross-Carroll House
About 1899, Mary (Dwyer) Ross built this house on land she inherited from her father, Thomas Dwyer. Built of cypress, the Queen Anne style house features Victorian ornamentation in its open tower, a second level porch with horseshoe arches, and . . . — Map (db m164475) HM
50Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8392 — Schmid Bros. Building
Swiss immigrant Josef Schmid began a mercantile business in Brenham in 1880. He was joined by his brothers Benjamin and Sigmund to form Schmid Bros. in 1889, and in 1899-1900 they erected this building to house their business enterprises. Built in . . . — Map (db m74422) HM
51Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8422 — Site of Holly Oaks
Home of Dr. Robert Emmett Bledsoe Baylor (1791-1873) • Here he resided for many years and here he died • Baylor University bears his name — Map (db m164558) HM
52Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8367 — Site of Masonic Academy
Replaced Hickory Grove School, organized 1840. Land was given to Graham Lodge No. 20, A.F. & A.M.; lodge built Masonic Academy in 1849, only school in the area. Texas Public School Act of 1875 caused academy to close, and property sale proceeds . . . — Map (db m166033) HM
53Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 5739 — Site of Mound Hill School
In 1889 residents of the Mound Area formed their first school at a nearby Baptist church. By 1891 the Mound School District was organized and forty students were enrolled. The school moved in 1902 to the Live Oak Female Seminary located on the . . . — Map (db m164556) HM
54Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8385 — Site of Old St. Anthony Hotel
Center of Brenham hospitality for 122 years. Originally a two-story log stage depot adjoined by a log cabin complex called the Washington County Hotel. Changed owners several times through the years. General Sam Houston once stayed here while . . . — Map (db m131015) HM
55Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Site of Pickard High School
Esteemed Texas School established about 1875 by Brenham Public School System for Black pupils of elementary through high school levels and called Camptown School. It was renamed East End School and later, in 1936 Pickard High School in honor of . . . — Map (db m164480) HM
56Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8379 — Site of Rees Sanitarium
Brenham's first hospital. Dr. H. Clay Rees (1864-1914), president of a Waco medical and surgical clinic, built (1897) a 2-story sanitarium on this site. Dispensary and surgery were in a detached building. By 19th century standards, this was an . . . — Map (db m165133) HM
57Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 14930 — Southern Pacific Freight Depot
In the early 1860s, local residents built a county rail line to connect to the Houston & Texas Central Railway, which bought the line in 1869. Brenham became a regional distribution center, and its population grew dramatically. Circa 1916, the . . . — Map (db m165269) HM
58Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8387 — St. Paul’s Evangelical Lutheran Church
German immigrants began settling in Washington County in the 1840s. The first German Lutheran congregation began in 1855 in the community of Berlin. The growing German Lutheran community in Brenham organized this congregation, first known as the . . . — Map (db m165132) HM
59Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8389 — St. Peter’s Episcopal Church
Founded among Austin colony settlers. Parish, fourth oldest in Texas, organized May 2, 1848, by missionary Bishop Geo. W. Freeman, of Arkansas. Rebuilt. Dedicated June 29, 1965, by Bishop J.M. Richardson. Recorded Texas Historic Landmark - . . . — Map (db m165116) HM
60Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8327 — Texas Confederate County Commissioners Court
Composed of a chief justice (now county judge) and four county commissioners, these elected governing boards directed vital Civil War programs. Provided arms, clothing, horses and saddles for troops from county. Gave aid to wartime factories. . . . — Map (db m125649) HM
61Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8308 — The Brenham Maifest
The Brenham Maifest has evolved from the German Volksfest, a spring festival carried to this area by German Texans who settled near Brenham. When the Brenham Fire Department assumed the duties of the Volksfest Association in 1880, the exclusively . . . — Map (db m164477) HM
62Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8308 — The Brenham Maifest
The Brenham Maifest has evolved from the German Volksfest, a spring festival carried to this area by German Texans who settled near Brenham. When the Brenham Fire Department assumed the duties of the Volksfest Association in 1880, the exclusively . . . — Map (db m165375) HM
63Texas (Washington County), Brenham — The Century Tree
The Century Tree is a Texas A&M campus landmark, beloved by Aggies. It is believed to be one of the first trees planted on the campus of the state's first public institution of higher learning, which opened in 1876. In recent years, the Century . . . — Map (db m164420) HM
64Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8287 — Thomas Affleck
Born and educated in Scotland, Thomas Affleck (1812-1868) emigrated in 1832 to the United States, where he became one of the most well-known agriculturalists of his time. A prolific writer, Affleck was associated with several agricultural and . . . — Map (db m28316) HM
65Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 13589 — Thomas Deye Owings
Thomas Deye Owings was born to John Cockey and Colegate Dye Owings on March 7, 1776 at Cockeysville, a suburb of Baltimore, Maryland. The family had met with success as colonial tobacco planters and as partners in the Bourbon Iron Furnace in . . . — Map (db m164484) HM
66Texas (Washington County), Brenham — Washington County All Veterans Memorial
A Tribute to All Veterans Who Served This Great Nation and to Those Who Paid the Supreme Sacrifice for Our Freedom — Map (db m165281) WM
67Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8401 — Washington County Courthouse
Built in 1940 with funds granted by the Public Works Administration, this is the fourth courthouse to serve Washington County since its formation in 1835. Constructed during the tenure of County Judge Sam Low, the massive white limestone . . . — Map (db m111920) HM
68Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8400 — Washington County, C.S.A.
Washington County was the most populous in the state during the Civil War. It served as a center for production, warehousing, transportation, communications, and had a large quartermaster depot. Local wartime factories made spinning jennies, lumber, . . . — Map (db m125650) HM
69Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 8403 — Waul's Texas Legion Campsite
In the spring of 1862 Thomas N. Waul (1813-1903) recruited men from Washington and the surrounding counties to form a legion for Confederate service. Composed of twelve infantry companies, six cavalry companies, and two artillery companies, the . . . — Map (db m28314) HM
70Texas (Washington County), Brenham — 18125 — William H. Watson
One of the most influential horticulturists in Texas, William H. Watson was born in Ireland in 1837. He migrated to America in 1853 and moved to Texas by 1859. He and his wife, Sarah Warren, settled in Brenham, where he established Rosedale Nursery . . . — Map (db m151367) HM
71Texas (Washington County), Burton — 8315 — Burton Community
John M. Burton (1806-77) of Georgia came to Texas in the 1820s, and to this area in 1834. When the Houston & Texas Central Railroad was being built in 1869, he sold land for townsite. Post office opened Sept. 23, 1870, with Charles Huberich as . . . — Map (db m106039) HM
72Texas (Washington County), Burton — 8317 — Burton Farmers Gin
In December 1913 a group of local farmers met to organize the Burton Farmers Gin Association. This two-story corrugated metal-clad gin building was constructed in 1914. The gin's machinery was steam-powered until 1925, when an oil engine was . . . — Map (db m111945) HM
73Texas (Washington County), Burton — NL109 — Burton Farmers Gin 1914National Mechanical Engineering Landmark
This is the earliest known survivor of an integrated cotton ginning system widely used to process cotton from wagon to bale in a continuous operation. The gin machinery was designed and built in 1914 by the Lummus Cotton Gin Company and can . . . — Map (db m111947) HM
74Texas (Washington County), Burton — 8363 — Gideon Lincecum(1793-1874)
As a boy Gideon Lincecum moved with his father to various frontier sites in his native Georgia and in Mississippi. It was during this time that he developed insights about natural habitats and cultivated an understanding of Indian culture which . . . — Map (db m93501) HM
75Texas (Washington County), Burton — 8388 — Site of St. Paul-Rehburg School
Although the earliest written records of the St. Paul and Rehburg Schools date to 1880 and 1883 respectively, local tradition suggests they originated with informal classes held at the homes of pioneer farmers in this area of Washington County in . . . — Map (db m109025) HM
76Texas (Washington County), Burton — 16948 — St. John's United Church of Christ Cemetery
In June 1894, a Christian congregation called Evangelical St. John’s Church of Burton organized. In October 1899, a long-felt need for a cemetery for the church was met when two acres of land, a mile east of Burton, were purchased from Mr. and . . . — Map (db m151370) HM
77Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8292 — Atkinson Cemetery
Name honors 1857 mayor of Chappell Hill, Jethro Atkinson, whose plantation was nearby. In 1844, date of earliest marked grave, site was owned by Robert Wooding Chappell, for whom city was named. Formed in 1957, Atkinson Cemetery Association . . . — Map (db m165009) HM
78Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 17831 — Cedar Creek Community
Located halfway between San Felipe de Austin and the town of Washington, Cedar Creek existed from the mid-1830s to the early 1850s. Cedar Creek was inhabited by Methodists and became the center for the Texas Methodist Episcopal Church. In 1849, . . . — Map (db m156825) HM
79Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8319 — Chappell Hill
Founded 1847. Named for Robert Chappell, an 1841 settler. Early education center, with Chappell Hill Male and Female Institute, 1852, and Soule University, 1850. Male students marched away to Civil War in 1861. C.S.A. Quartermaster Depot . . . — Map (db m74273) HM
80Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8321 — Chappell Hill Female College Bell
Chappell Hill Male and Female Institute (founded 1850) pioneered in higher learning in Texas. Under Methodist Church after 1854. Women's branch was chartered separately, 1856. Rebuilt after a fire in 1871; this bell, cast 1873, is only relic of . . . — Map (db m165003) HM
81Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8322 — Chappell Hill Masonic Cemetery
Opened as Masonic burial ground, 1853. Jacob Haller, founder of Chappell Hill, was first interment. Final resting place of pioneers, soldiers, statesmen, heroes of Texas. Until formation of Cemetery Association in 1965, cared for by Hubert Lodge . . . — Map (db m156826) HM
82Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 16205 — Farmers State Bank and Reinstein Store
Chappell Hill began as an agricultural community in 1847 but had no bank until a population boom in the early 1900s brought wealth and economic prosperity. Farmers State Bank organized in March 1907 and opened in September of that year with J. . . . — Map (db m111933) HM
83Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8366 — Lockhart Plantation
Home built 1850 by Dr. John W. Lockhart, Chappell Hill physician and frequent host of Sam Houston. House is of cedar and black walnut hand-cut on rich 1,000-acre place that had its own blacksmith shop, cotton gin, store, other facilities. . . . — Map (db m165001) HM
84Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8320 — Methodist Church
Organized prior to 1847. First pastor, Robert Alexander, had been a missionary in Texas since 1837. Original church built in 1853; was destroyed in great storm of 1900; rebuilt in 1901, constructed of pine. Memorial inscription placed in window in . . . — Map (db m165007) HM
85Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8383 — Old Rock Store
Town's early masonry store, built 1869 by merchant John E. Glass. Has thick sandstone walls, massive hand-hewn and pegged pine timbers, doors and window shutters made with square nails. Tenants have been grocers and the Chappell Hill Post . . . — Map (db m111934) HM
86Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8378 — Providence Baptist Church
Founded May 1842, original site 2 1/2 mi. N.W. of Chappell Hill. Arm of Church opened here in 1853. First building destroyed by storm. All of the congregation moved here in 1866. Present church erected in 1873. Recorded Texas Historic . . . — Map (db m156833) HM
87Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8320 — Site of Chappell Hill College
Established in 1852 by the Methodist Church as Chappell Hill Male and Female Institute · After Soule University for Boys was established in 1856, Chappell Hill College was a School for Girls · Existed until 1912. Erected by the State of . . . — Map (db m156827) HM
88Texas (Washington County), Chappell Hill — 8419 — Site of Soule University for Boys
Established in 1855 and chartered in 1856 to replace Rutersville and Wesleyan Colleges. Closed during the Civil War and later by yellow fever. Succeeded in 1875 by Southwestern University — Map (db m74266) HM
89Texas (Washington County), Greenvine — 8343 — Greenvine Baptist Church
Ebenezer German Baptist Church was organized in 1861 following a revival preached by Frank Kiefer (1833-1909), a German immigrant and convert to the Baptist faith. Commonly known as Greenvine Baptist Church, the congregation first met in a log . . . — Map (db m165383) HM
90Texas (Washington County), Greenvine — 8342 — Greenvine Gas Discovery(2 mi. Northwest)
Apparently the first use in Texas of natural gas for fuel occurred in 1879 near here. William Seidel, a farmer, grist mill and cotton gin owner, and merchant, trying to dig a water well, struck gas at approximate depth of 106 feet. The gas was piped . . . — Map (db m28321) HM
91Texas (Washington County), Greenvine — 8344 — Greenvine Schools
Public education in the rural community of Greenvine began in 1880, when the Greenvine School was established near this site. The students, predominantly German in descent and Lutheran and Baptist in faith, began attending classes taught in German . . . — Map (db m165384) HM
92Texas (Washington County), Independence — A College Town"Family Associations"
On March 18, 1846, twenty-four students began their studies at Baylor University on Academy Hill, just west of here. That site remained the sole campus until 1851, when the men were moved to Windmill Hill. Although students attended classes on . . . — Map (db m166783) HM
93Texas (Washington County), Independence — Baylor UniversityOn Windmill Hill
In 1845, Baptist leaders chose to locate the newly chartered Baylor University in Independence, Texas, "because of its centrality, accessibility, health, and beautiful scenery." The University opened on Academy Hill, west of town. As funds . . . — Map (db m166705) HM
94Texas (Washington County), Independence — Baylor University Campus on Windmill Hill:The Buildings and Other Facilities — Baylor University —
From 1848 to the late 1850s, James Huckins raised thousands of dollars nationwide for erecting buildings making up the male department campus. In 1848, Huckins designed a master plan for the permanent campus on Windmill Hill. Three stone . . . — Map (db m166772) HM
95Texas (Washington County), Independence — Baylor University's First Years — Baylor University —
On May 18th, 1846, Professor Henry F. Gillett opened Baylor University in temporary quarters on Academy Hill, the former campus of Independence Academy. In the two-story frame Academy Building, Gillett, a devout Episcopalian, conducted every class . . . — Map (db m166759) HM
96Texas (Washington County), Independence — Baylor's Survival—Civil War, Reconstruction, and Baptist Strife — Baylor University —
The next president, George Washington Baines, former editor of the Texas Baptist, kept the male department open amid tough times. The Confederate Army had taken most of the men from the classroom. Baines' great-grandson was Lyndon Baines Johnson, . . . — Map (db m166774) HM
97Texas (Washington County), Independence — Bell Tower — Baylor University —
The Bell Tower is indicated by a stone platform attached to the wall connecting Houston and Tryon Halls. In 1882, an announcement noted: "Dr. Crane has moved the bell from the place where it has stood so long to a position near Houston Hall so . . . — Map (db m166793) HM
98Texas (Washington County), Independence — College Well: of Windmill HillLikely Location of the Windmills — Baylor University —
This 48-foot-deep hand-dug well measures six feet in diameter. The date of, or the persons responsible for the digging of this well are not known. The earliest reference is in March, 1856, when the Baylor Trustees authorized President Burleson to . . . — Map (db m166794) HM
99Texas (Washington County), Independence — Columns of a Building of Old Baylor University
Outgrowth of efforts of Judge R.E.B. Baylor and others; chartered by Republic of Texas on Feb.1, 1845; opened 1846 - Baylor is the oldest University in Texas operating under original name. Until moving (1886) to Belton and Waco, Baylor was located . . . — Map (db m157253) HM
100Texas (Washington County), Independence — 8325 — Dr. Horace G. Clark(July 7, 1819 - February 10, 1909)
​Born in Massachusetts. Coming to Texas (1850) with wife, Martha Davis Clark, he was principal and second president of Baylor Female College. Mrs. Clark also taught and counseled students. Family operated dormitory on this site 20 years. Dr. . . . — Map (db m156732) HM

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Mar. 5, 2021