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Memphis, Tennessee Historical Markers

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128 Court Street Marker image, Touch for more information
By Don Morfe, April 20, 2014
128 Court Street Marker
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 128 Court Street
This property has been placed on the National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior. — Map (db m74802) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 1862 Post Office
On June 6, 1862 Memphis surrendered to Federal gunboats. The only resistance by citizens occurred here as a shot was fired at the soldiers hoisting the U.S. flag over the post office. — Map (db m84464) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 1866 Memphis Massacre
On May 1, 2 and 3, 1866, mobs of white men led by law enforcement attacked black people in the areas near South St. (aka Calhoun & G.E. Patterson). By the end of the attack, the mobs had killed an estimated 46 black people; raped several . . . — Map (db m117114) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 38 — American Cutoff Mile/Greenville, Mississippi/Tarpley CutoffPanel #38 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) American Cutoff Mile Mile 526.5 AHP In the flood of 1858, the Mississippi cut through the neck of American Bend, and the abandoned river bed was renamed Lake Lee. The first steamboat to try to navigate the American Cutoff was the . . . — Map (db m115525) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 92 — Annesdale Park Subdivision
Developed as an exclusive neighborhood in 1903 by Brinkley Snowden and T. O. Vinton, Annesdale Park was the first subdivision in the South planned upon metropolitan lines. It was considered an important display of confidence in the city's future. . . . — Map (db m83793) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Arkansas & White Rivers
The Mississippi’s southernmost major tributary, the Arkansas, is born from melting snow on the eastern slopes of the Continental Divide near Leadville, Colorado. Its 1,450-mile course drains 160,500 square miles in five states.

Despite . . . — Map (db m115008) HM

Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 39 — Ashbrook Cutoff/Eunice Landing, Arkansas/Arkansas City, ArkansasPanel #39 Mississippi Riverwalkk
A) Ashbrook Cutoff Mile 549.0 AHP Rowdy Bend was the first of four consecutive loops, in this stretch of the river that pilots called the “Greenville Bends.” Rowdy Bend kept getting longer despite efforts to stabilize it, and . . . — Map (db m115526) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 17 — Baton Rouge, LouisianaPanel #17 Mississippi Riverwalk — Mile 228.4 AHP
Baton Rouge is the capital of Louisiana... going navigation on the Mississippi River. ...gas fields in Louisiana, Texas, and Oklahoma... a major processing and transportation... industry. The French built the first fort here in 1819. They . . . — Map (db m114996) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Beale Street #1
392 Beale Avenue "There were two types of culture, I guess you could say, on Beale Street. There were the sinners and there were the saved. You had your professional people, your doctors and business folk. Then you had those who . . . — Map (db m107601) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Beale Street #2
First there was a slope of woodland that met the Mississippi River. Chickasaw Indians hunted there until the early 19th century. Then there was Beale Street. It began as the main road of South Memphis and by 1850, when that separate town was . . . — Map (db m108221) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Beale Street #3
During the great wave of immigration around the turn of the century, Jews, Italians, Greeks and Chinese came to Beale Street to pursue their fortunes. They established pawnshops, clothing stores, restaurants, produce stands, . . . — Map (db m107598) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Beale Street #4
"Saturday night was the fabulous night on Beale street. Our parents kept the store opened late. We were children; we used to sit on little chairs outside the store and watch. If we got sleepy, they would put us to sleep on a rack of . . . — Map (db m107596) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Beale Street Historic District
Has been designated a Registered National Historic Landmark. Under the provisions of the Historic Sites Act of August 21, 1935 this site possesses exceptional value in commemorating and illustrating the history of the United States. U.S. . . . — Map (db m47904) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 6 — Belle Chasse, Louisiana/English Turn Bend/Caernarvon Crevasse/Poydras CrevassePanel #6 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Belle Chasse, Louisiana Mile 75.9 AHP Belle Chasse Plantation was the home of Judah P. Benjamin, often called “the brains of the Confederate government.” He served as Attorney General Secretary of War and Secretary of . . . — Map (db m114921) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 100 — Benjamin Albert Imes
Described as the best-educated minister in all of Memphis in 1880 was a black man, the Rev. Benjamin A. Imes, who was a noted city leader. Imes held two degrees from Oberlin College and was involved with an influential group that pushed for the . . . — Map (db m84445) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 126 — Benjamin Franklin Booth1858–1941
Benjamin F. Booth was one of Memphis' earliest and most distinguished African-American lawyers. Starting in 1886, he practiced law for more than 54 years. In 1905, he challenged Tennessee's law authorizing the segregation of black and white . . . — Map (db m139) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Bettis Family Cemetery
Here was the farm of the Tillman Bettis family on the Memphis bluff after the 1818 treaty, even before the town was laid off. Mary Bettis was the first child born in the new settlement. — Map (db m83844) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Birthplace of Aretha Franklin
Aretha Franklin was born in this house on March 25, 1942, to Baptist Bishop C.L. and Barbara Franklin. Ms. Franklin is an American singer, songwriter and musician. She began her career as a child singing gospel at her father's church, New Salem . . . — Map (db m106487) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 142 — Bishop Charles Harrison Mason1862~1961
Bishop C.H. Mason founded the Church of God in Christ (COGIC) in the late 1890s. Born a slave near Bartlett, Tennessee, Mason served as Senior Bishop of the denomination from 1907 until his death in 1961. By the time of his death, COGIC had become . . . — Map (db m89000) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 10 — Bonnet Carre Spillway/Lake PontchartrainPanel #10 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Bonnet Carre Spillway Mile 128.0 AHP Completed in 1935, the Bonnet Carre Spillway protects New Orleans, LA and the levees around it by diverting flood waters into Lake Pontchartrain. The one and a half mile long concrete structure . . . — Map (db m114925) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 111 — Booker T. Washington High School
From a two-room, two-teacher structure known as Clay Street School, Booker T. Washington High School evolved as the first public high school for black students in Memphis. About 1911, the school was relocated to an abandoned building on Webster . . . — Map (db m89014) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Bridgewater School
Bridgewater School, formerly on this site, was founded in 1911 and exited continuously at this site until 1960. In 1921, with help from the community, the Shelby County school board, and the Rosenwald Fund, the Rosenwald school concept was . . . — Map (db m118471) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 65 — Cairo, IllinoisPanel #65 Mississippi Riverwalk — Mile 954.0 AHP
Cairo's position at the confluence of the Upper Mississippi and Ohio made it an important river and rail junction in the steamboat era. Changes in America's shipping patterns reduced its role in the 20th Century but it remains an active port and . . . — Map (db m114728) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Calvary Cemetery
Consecrated in 1867 to serve the booming populations of the Catholic Irish, Germans and Italians, Calvary became the second Catholic Cemetery in Shelby County. Msgr. Martin Riordan, V.G., of St. Patrick Parish, was a leading proponent and advocate . . . — Map (db m19032) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Calvary Protestant Episcopal Church
The oldest public building in Memphis and the first Episcopal Church in Shelby County. Organized August 6, 1832 by the Reverend Thomas Wright. The church house started 1838 was consecrated May 12, 1844 by the Right Reverend James Hervey Otey, first . . . — Map (db m32515) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Campbell ClinicOrthopaedics — 869 Madison Ave. 1920-1997
The Willis C. Campbell Clinic opened at this site on December 26, 1920. Originating as a one-story building, it housed a waiting room, business office, eight examining rooms, the physical therapy department, and a brace shop. Several years later, . . . — Map (db m115955) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Capt. J. Harvey Mathes37th. Tenn. C.S.A.
Capt. J. Harvey Mathes 37th. Tenn. C.S.A. — Map (db m51442) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Captain Kit Dalton1843 - 1920
He fought for the Confederacy and with Quantrell's Raiders. After the war he rode with Jesse and Frank James and Cole Younger. Over 100 years ago a $50,000 reward was offered for him dead or alive. Since they could not capture him, he was later . . . — Map (db m84572) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 33 — Casey Jones
From a station located on this site the night of Apr. 29. 1900, John Luther Jones, replacing the regularly detailed engineer, took out engine 382, pulling the Illinois Central “Cannonball.” Driving into a blocked switch at Vaughn, Miss., . . . — Map (db m6862) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Central Gardens Historic District
Side A By 1900, Memphis's growth had pushed the city limits east of the district's 511 acres, originally settled in 1830 by Solomon Rozelle. With its convenient access to downtown via the new trolley lines, Central Gardens underwent . . . — Map (db m87367) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 145 — Chew C. Sawyer1918-1973
Chew C. Sawyer was a mid-twentieth century African-American entrepreneur. He founded Sawyer Realty Company, which later became Cornette Realty; Arnette Construction Company; Future Insurance Agency; and Sawyer Rental Agency. In 1956, Sawyer founded . . . — Map (db m86448) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Chickasaw Trail
The main trail of the Chickasaws from their towns in Pontotoc, Miss., here reached the Bayou Gayoso after following roughly the line of Highway 78, Lamar Boulevard, and Marshall Street. — Map (db m63286) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 169 — Christian Brothers High School / Christian Brothers Band
(obverse) Christian Brothers High School Christian Brothers High School, the oldest high school for boys in Memphis, opened November 21, 1871 as the secondary department of Christian Brothers College at 612 Adams Avenue. CBC was . . . — Map (db m63274) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 67 — Church Park
At this location Church Park and Auditorium was established in 1899 by Robert R. Church Sr., a Memphis business man and former slave, to provide recreational facilities for members of his race who had no other place to meet. Many famous Americans, . . . — Map (db m82845) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Church Park Auditorium
Established in 1899, Church's park and auditorium was the only such facility in the United States owned entirely by a black man and conducted in the interest of black people. Standard admission to the auditorium was 15¢ seating capacity was 2200, . . . — Map (db m107386) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Civil War Capitol
After the fall of Nashville Governor Isham Harris convened the Tennessee Legislature on this site February 20-March 20, 1862. The state archives were also stored here. — Map (db m116300) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 2 — Civil War Hospital
The Woolen Building was built with bricks made on-site in the 1840s. Federal troops later used its basement as a hospital during the Civil War. It is the oldest commercial building in Memphis. — Map (db m116721) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Civil War in TennesseeMemphis during the War
In 1860, Memphis had Tennessee's largest cotton and slave markets and was a strategic Mississippi River gateway. The naval battle of Memphis in June 1862 took place as thousands of residents watched nine Union vessels defeat eight Confederate ships. . . . — Map (db m55313) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 15 — Claiborne Landing/Carville, Louisiana/Belle GrovePanel #15
A.Claiborne Landing Mile 188.3 AHP

This was the plantation home of William C.C. Claiborne. At the age of 21, Claiborne helped write a constitution for the new state of Tennessee and five years later President Jefferson appointed him . . . — Map (db m114995) HM

Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Clarence Saunders' "Pink Palace"
Clarence Saunders, whose self-service groceries were followed by modern supermarkets, started construction of this building for his home in 1922. It was incomplete when he lost an epic Stock Exchange battle. Developers who bought the grounds gave . . . — Map (db m74831) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Cobblestone Landing
There were several boat landings in this general area during the nineteenth century. An 1827 drawing shows a public landing approximately on-half mile north of this spot, but changes in the "batture" or built-up bank caused by the river moved the . . . — Map (db m88262) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 108 — Collins Chapel Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
A “Daughter” of Wesley Chapel (later, the First United Methodist Church), Collins Chapel was organized in 1841 and purchased this site in 1859. Names for its first pastor, J. T. C. Collins, it predates the formation of the CME . . . — Map (db m63368) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 66 — Commercial Barge TrafficPanel # 66
Barges first appeared on the Mississippi River after the U. S. Civil War, as river interest tried to compete with the railroads’ growing domination. The railroads won this transportation duel and tows practically disappeared from the river until WWI . . . — Map (db m115159) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Confederate History of Memphis
This bluff was fortified by Gen. Pillow May 1862. Thirty seven companies were equipped here for the Confederate service. The Confederate Ram, Arkansas, one of the first ironclad battleships in the Navy, was built and partially armored here, but . . . — Map (db m82848) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Confederate ParkReunions and Memorials
Opened in 1906 as part of the Memphis Park and Parkway System, Confederate Park commemorates the Battle of Memphis. When Confederate forces retreated to Mississippi after the Battle of Shiloh in April 1862, unfortified Memphis became vulnerable to . . . — Map (db m82849) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Confederate Soldiers Rest
Confederate Soldiers Rest is located in the Fowler Section of Historic Elmwood Cemetery. Over 1000 Confederate Soldiers and Veterans are buried here. An article in The Memphis Daily Appeal on 27 June 1861 stated that this plot was dedicated to the . . . — Map (db m51628) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Confederate States of America
When Southern states seceded from the Union in 1861, the Mississippi River became not only a vital commercial waterway, but also a strategic route through the heart of the Confederacy. The river proved to be the South's greatest weakness. At the . . . — Map (db m82850) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Congregation B'Nai Israel(Children of Israel) — First Permanent Jewish House of Worship in Tennesee
Jews have been part of Tennessee’s economic, social and political life since the late 18th century. Congregation Children of Israel, chartered by the State of Tennessee, March 2, 1854, rented and eventually purchased a building near this site at . . . — Map (db m84648) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4 — Cotton Exchange Building
The Memphis Cotton Exchange, was first organized in 1873 and is still operating today, though cotton trading is now done by computers. In the early 1950s a seat on the Exchange could cost a new member $17,000. Memphis was the largest spot cotton . . . — Map (db m116725) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Crystal Shrine Grotto
A unique cave was constructed by Memoral Park founder E. Clovis Hinds and Mexican artist Dioñicio Rodriguez in 1935-38. Natural rock and quartz crystal collected from the Ozarks form the background for nine scenes from the life of Christ. The cave . . . — Map (db m88312) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 30 — Davis Island, Mississippi/Kents IslandPanel #30 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Davis Island, Mississippi Mile 415.0 AHP A large bend once curved around this land which the first settlers name Palmyra. Jefferson Davis established his Briercliffe Plantation here in 1835, next to his brother Joseph’s Hurricane . . . — Map (db m115167) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 62 — Donaldson Point, Missouri/Island No. 8/Hickman, Kentucky/Dorena CrevassePanel #62 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Donaldson Point, Missouri Mile 905.3 AHP Union forces dug a canal across Donaldson Point in 1862 hoping to use it to bypass Confederate batteries at Island No. 10. The canal proved to be too shallow, but the rebels scuttled the . . . — Map (db m114731) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 14 — Donaldsonville, Louisiana/Bayou Lafourche/Geismar, LouisianaPanel #14 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Donaldsonville, Louisiana Mile 175.0 AHP A trading post was established where Bayou Lafourche met the river in 1750, and a small community grew up around it. Most of the settlers were French, but the town was named for William . . . — Map (db m114994) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 143 — Dr. Joseph Edison Walker1880-1958
In 1923, Dr. J.E. Walker co-founded and was the first president of Universal Life Insurance Company, established in Memphis. A physician by training, he helped organize the old Memphis Negro Chamber of Commerce in 1926. Walker served as president of . . . — Map (db m116287) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Eastland Presbyterian Church
Sunday school held in a schoolhouse led to the formation of Eastland Presbyterian Church November 11, 1906 with Dr. W.H. Gragg, Sr., E.H. Porter and Captain T.H. Savage, Elders. Dr. Gragg secured the lumber for the original frame building from the . . . — Map (db m88498) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 101 — Edward Shaw
In 1870, Edward Shaw became the first Memphis black to run for U.S. Congress. Though he did not win, he was active in politics, serving on the County Commission, the City Council, and as Wharfmaster in the 1870s. In 1875, Shaw was editor of a black . . . — Map (db m121433) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 75 — Elizabeth Avery Meriwether1824 - 1917
Born in Bolivar, Elizabeth Meriwether spent much of her life in Memphis. A noted author, her more famous works include The Master of Red Leaf, Black and White, and Recollections of 92 Years. Mrs. Meriwether toured many states lecturing in support of . . . — Map (db m55308) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 72 — Elmwood Cemetery
Elmwood Cemetery was established on August 28, 1852. Buried here are Memphis pioneer families: 14 Confederate generals; victims of the Yellow Fever epidemic of 1878; Governors Isham G. Harris and James C. Jones; U.S. Senators Kenneth D. McKellar, . . . — Map (db m21334) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E-77 — Elvis Aaron Presley
Elvis Presley was born in Tupelo, Mississippi, on January 8, 1935, the son of Vernon and Gladys Presley. He moved to Memphis in 1948. Soon after signing a contract with Sun Records in 1954 he achieved tremendous popularity. His musical and acting . . . — Map (db m9509) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Elvis Presley and Sun Records / Sun Records
Front In July 1954 Sun Records released Elvis Presley's first recording. That record, and Elvis' four that followed on the Sun label, changed popular music. Elvis developed an innovative and different sound combining blues, gospel, and . . . — Map (db m37261) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 180 — Ernest C. Withers House
Ernest C. Withers (1922-2007) began his career as a photographer in the U. S. Army during World War II. Upon leaving the military, he opened a commercial photography studio and worked as a freelance photojournalist for Black newspapers and magazines . . . — Map (db m114545) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Eudora Baptist Church
Side 1: Organized October 18, 1850 on two acres of land donated by Col. Eppy White, using the Greek word "Eudora" signifying "good gift" as its name, this church met in a log schoolhouse until the congregation's first structure was erected . . . — Map (db m83572) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 61 — Eugene Magevney
Born in County Fermanagh, Ireland, 1798: immigrated to the United States, 1828; settled in Memphis, 1833. His home was the scene of three important religious occasions in Memphis: first Catholic mass, 1839; first Catholic marriage, 1840; . . . — Map (db m32518) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Fargason Fields
Welcome to Fargason Fields. Conveyed to the college in 1922 by John T. Fargason and his sister Mary Fargason Falls, in memory of their father J.T. Fargason. Fargason Fields encompasses 15 acres on the north side of the campus. Originally the . . . — Map (db m102327) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 5 — First "Talkies"
Parking can be fun, but not as fun as a show at Loew's Palace, where "talking movies" debuted in Memphis in 1928. The theater, where Harry Houdini and others performed in the 1920s, was razed in the 1980s. — Map (db m116720) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — First Baptist ChurchContinued from the other side
Front On April 3, 1839, 11 Baptists met in the home of Spencer Hail to organize a Baptist church. The next day, the group met to sign articles of faith. On Sunday, April 7, the group was organized as a regular Baptist church and baptised . . . — Map (db m86577) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 130 — First Baptist Church / Mt. Olive CME Church
(Front Side): First Baptist Church The First Baptist Church was designed by architect R. H. Hunt and built in 1906. It is constructed of yellow bricks along a Georgian-architectural style. It housed a congregation of 2,200 members . . . — Map (db m55466) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 155 — First Baptist Church, Lauderdale
Front Originally known as Beale Street Baptists Church First Baptist Church, Lauderdale began in 1865 as the first black Baptist church in West Tennessee. In 1877, it split from Beale Street Baptists. Through a legal action in 1894, it . . . — Map (db m89009) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 8 — First Black Radio Station
On October 25, 1948 at 4p.m., Nat D. Williams signed on at WDIA radio, becoming the first black disc jockey on the South's first all-black radio station. His revolutionary rhythm and blues program followed a show called "Hillbilly Party" and . . . — Map (db m116723) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — First Congregational Church
Founded 1862, organized 1864 with 25 members, this was the earliest Congregational Church in Memphis and State of Tennessee; known first as Union Church, next as Strangers Church, at two downtown locations. This classical modified Ionic building, . . . — Map (db m88064) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — First Holiday Inn
The world’s first Holiday Inn was opened on this site, August 1, 1952 by Memphis entrepreneur Kemmons Wilson as a result of his unsatisfactory lodging experiences on a vacation the prior summer with his wife Dorothy and their five children. He soon . . . — Map (db m63364) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — First Memphis Waterfront
From here north to Auction Avenue steamboats landed; flatboats used the mouth of Gayoso Bayou above. Paddy Meagher, associated with this bluff as early as 1783, built a warehouse here in 1828. In 1829 Emmanuel Young built the town's first brick . . . — Map (db m116298) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — First Tavern
In 1820 several log cabins were built here to provide for the land office opening. Samuel Brown, first sheriff, later kept tavern on the same site. Adjacent on the south was the office of Frances Wright's Nashoba colony. — Map (db m116296) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Former Criminal Courts Building
Designed by Jones & Furbringer, Architects, this building opened in 1925 as the Criminal Courts Building, housing two divisions of criminal court, a 300-bed county jail, and various offices. The limestone exterior features several design elements of . . . — Map (db m63366) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Forrest and the Memphis Slave Trade
Front From 1854 to 1860, Nathan Bedford Forrest operated a profitable slave trading business at this site. In 1826, Tennessee had prohibited bringing enslaved people into the state for the purpose of selling them. As cotton and slavery . . . — Map (db m117144) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 39 — Forrest's Artillery Positions — Aug, 21, 1864
In this locality, the highest in Memphis, a section (2 guns) of Forrest's artillery was emplaced under Lt. Sale, supporting his raid on Memphis. Fire was directed against Federals in buildings of the State Female College about 700 yards NE, until it . . . — Map (db m116276) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 38 — Forrest's Early Home
In a house which stood here in antebellum days lived Nathan Bedford Forrest. Born in middle Tennessee, 1821, he spent his early life on a Mississippi plantation. Following marriage in 1845, he came to Memphis, where his business enterprises made . . . — Map (db m115931) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 23 — Fort Adams, Mississippi/Old River Control Structure/Homochitto CutoffPanel # 23
A. Fort Adams, Mississippi Mile 311.9 AHP

This high bluff was first named Davion’s Rock, for a French priest who lived here with the Tunica Indians in the early 1700’s. It was later called Loftus Heights, for a British Major Loftus . . . — Map (db m115004) HM

Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 29 — Fort Adams/Fort Pike
With Chickasaw approval, Army Captain Isaac Guion erected the United States' first garrison in the mid-Mississippi Valley here in October of 1797. Initially named Fort Adams for the second U.S. President, the stockade was later called Fort Pike, . . . — Map (db m74828) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 28 — Fort San Fernando de Las Barrancas(1795-97)
Louisiana's lieutenant governor, Manuel Gayoso de Lemos, erected Fort San Fernando de las Barrancas near this site in May of 1795. He named the structure for Spain's crown prince and future king, Ferdinand VII. Conforming to Pinckney's Treaty, . . . — Map (db m120798) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — France
France was the first nation to settle and develop the Lower Mississippi. Although they governed it for only 80 years, the French left a lasting impression on the river and its valley. In 1673, Louis Jolliet, a French trader, and Father Jacques . . . — Map (db m53731) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Gen. James M. Kennedy Hospital
A U.S. Army hospital on this site treated more than 44,000 combat veterans during World War II. Opened Jan. 23, 1943, it was named for the late Brig. Gen. James M. Kennedy, distinguished Army surgeon and veteran of both the Spanish-American War and . . . — Map (db m84660) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 144 — George W. Lee1894 - 1976
Political, business and civic leader, Lee was a lieutenant in the U.S. Army Expeditionary Force. Heroic in W.W.I, he was an active black combat officer. An insurance executive and capitalist, Lee was leader of the Lincoln League and Old Guard . . . — Map (db m55501) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Graceland
Graceland has been placed on the National Register of Historical Places by the United States Department of the Interior. Built 1939. — Map (db m138) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Grace-St. Luke's Episcopal Church
St. Luke's Church, founded in 1894 at Idlewild and Union, moved to this location in 1912 where the Right Rev. Thomas F. Gailor, 3rd Bishop of Tennessee, laid the church's cornerstone. Grace Church, founded in 1850 as the first mission church of . . . — Map (db m84423) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 29 — Grand Gulf, Mississippi/Yucatan Cutoff/Big Black RiverPanel #29 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Grand Gulf, Mississippi Mile 407.0 AHP A bluff jutting into the river at the old mouth of the Big Black River created perilous whirlpools that made Grand Gulf notorious among early flatboatmen. The town of Grand Gulf was established . . . — Map (db m115164) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Grand Lake Cutoff/Worthington Cutoff/Kentucky BendPanel # 37
A. Grand Lake Cutoff Mile 511.0 AHP An oxbow lake two miles west of the river, Grand Lake, was removed from the channel by this natural cutoff in the 1700’s. The small river town of Princeton grew up on the west bank, with a busy landing. . . . — Map (db m115524) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Great Britain
As early as the 1730's, a few British traders lived among the Chickasaw in this area, but Great Britain's brief ascendancy on the Lower Mississippi did not began until 1763. In that year, the British defeated France in the Seven Years' War and took . . . — Map (db m82852) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Griffin House
Leighnora Elisabeth Griffin, pictured here in the 1930s, lived at 2118 Madison Avenue from 1919 until her death at age 89. She once turned down an offer price of $500,000 to purchase the home during the mid-70's heyday of Overton Square . . . — Map (db m84680) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 1 — Head of Passes/Pilottown, LouisianaPanel #1 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Head of Passes Mile 0.0 AHP The Mississippi River officially ends here, 954 miles from Cairo, Illinois. At this point, the stream divides into three channels, Pass a Louture, South Pass, and Southern Pass. They each branch into . . . — Map (db m114914) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Heiskell Farm
Joseph B. Heiskell obtained a farm surrounding this location about 1867. He was Chairman of Code Commission of 1858 establishing the first official Code of Tennessee, member of the First Confederate Congress 1862, member of Convention of 1870 . . . — Map (db m87996) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 21 — Hog Point, Louisiana/Raccourci Cutoff/Caernarvon CrevassePanel #21 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Hog Point, Louisiana Mile 298.2 AHP The channel off Hog Point, in the middle of Raccourci Cutoff, has long been one of the most troublesome stretches on the lower river. Constant dredging is required to keep the channel open. During . . . — Map (db m115003) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 141 — Hollis Freeman Price, Sr.1904-1982
Hollis Price was the first African-American president of LeMoyne College. In 1968, he guided the college's merger with Owen Junior College. Price was the president of the college for 27 years and upon his retirement became president emeritus. He was . . . — Map (db m83826) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 159 — Hooks Brothers PhotographyEstablished in 1907
Side A Established by Henry A. Hooks, Sr. and his brother Robert B. Hooks, Hooks Brothers Photography Studio was the second oldest continuously operating black business in Memphis. Located during its early years at 164 Beale Street, it . . . — Map (db m32512) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 175 — Hutchison School
Founded in 1902 by Mary Grimes Hutchison as a college preparatory school for girls, it was the first independent school in Memphis accredited by the Southern Association of Colleges and Secondary Schools. In 1925 Hutchison moved to the Union Avenue . . . — Map (db m87083) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 11 — Hymelia Crevasse/Bonnet Carre Crevasse/Laplace, Louisiana/Reserve, LouisianaPanel #11 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Hymelia Crevasse Mile 131.3 AHP In 1903, a 200-foot gap opened in the levee at Hymelia Plantation. One thousand laborers were put to work constructing a sandbag fill but a runaway barge crashed into the repairs and destroyed them. . . . — Map (db m114926) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 85 — Ida B. Wells1862–1931
Ida B. Wells crusaded against lynchings in Memphis and the South. In 1892 while editor of the Memphis Free Speech, located in this vicinity, she wrote of the lynching of three Black businessmen. As a result, her newspaper office was destroyed . . . — Map (db m9306) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Illinois MonumentMemphis National Cemetery
When President Abraham Lincoln called for volunteers to defend the life of our imperiled nation, these valiant sons of Illinois together with other heroes, offered their lives with patriotism unsurpassed. With unflinching bravery they fought . . . — Map (db m61800) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 124 — Isaac Hayes
In the 1970s Hayes was a multiple gold and platinum-selling recording star. His recording of "Shaft" won an Oscar, Golden Globe, and three Grammy awards. He wrote or co-wrote over 200 songs for Stax Records including "Hold On, I'm Coming" and "Soul . . . — Map (db m87970) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 57 — Island No. 20/Cottonwood Point/Booth Point, Tennessee/Linwood BendPanel #57 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Island No. 20 Mile 8290 AHP The wandering geography of Island No. 20 illustrates the Mississippi River's erratic nature. Navigation charts of 1801 show the island lying near the west bank. Later, the river moved and placed the . . . — Map (db m114737) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 63 — Island No. 5 (Wolf Island)/Belmont, Missouri/Columbus, KentuckyPanel #63 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Island No. 5 (Wolf Island) Mile 933.0 AHP Kentucky and Missouri fought all the way to the U. S. Supreme Court for possession of Wolf Island. Missouri’s attorneys presented an array of old maps and navigation charts that showed the . . . — Map (db m114730) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 64 — Islands No. 2, 3, and 4/Fort Jefferson, Kentucky/Bird’s Point, MissouriPanel #64 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Islands No. 2, 3, and 4 Mile 940.5 AHP Zadok Cramer first numbered the islands of the Lower Mississippi River in his 1801 book, The Navigator. The number system allowed boatmen to exchange river information without becoming . . . — Map (db m114729) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — It was a Struggle for Freedom For Dignity and For EqualityRecognition
The City of Memphis recognizes the American Federation of State County and Municipal Employees AFL-CIO Local 1733 as the designated representative for the Division of Public Works for the purpose of negotiations on wages hours and conditions of . . . — Map (db m107458) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 107 — J. Millard "Jack" Smith1895-1976
Born at Statonville, Tennessee, J. Millard "Jack" Smith was president of Memphis State College from 1946 until 1960 and was the first alumnus of the college to become president. Following World War II, he guided the institution through an era of . . . — Map (db m86688) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — James H. MaloneOct. 31, 1851 - June 29, 1929
The 35th mayor of Memphis, 1906-1910. Author of "The Chickasaw Nation". He shared a legal office on the 11th floor of the exchange building, overlooking Court Square, with his younger brother Walter Malone. Judge of the second circuit court of . . . — Map (db m74800) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Jane Terrell Hospital
The Negro Baptist Association founded the Jane Terrell Baptist Hospital at 698 Williams in 1909 under the leadership of Dr. C.A. Terrell. At his death, it was permanently renamed Terrell Memorial Hospital under the leadership of Dr. N. M. Watson. By . . . — Map (db m86566) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Jefferson Davis MemorialPresident of the Confederate States of America 1861 - 1865
(Front):Jefferson Davis President of the Confederate States of America 1861 - 1865 Before the War Between the States, he served with distinction as a United States Congressman and twice as a United States Senator. He also served as . . . — Map (db m51441) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — John B. WeatherallHero-Loved One — 1900-1953
On the tragic day of September 12, 1953, John Weatherall gave his life in dedication to his job at Peabody Elementary School. WWI Veteran, devoted family man and custodian of Peabody Elementary, John Weatherall became aware of a fire at the school . . . — Map (db m84836) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — John Grisham
Author John Grisham immortalized downtown Memphis, particularly Front Street, in his novel The Firm. In 1993, he became the first author to have four books on the best seller list at the same time. Rooted deeply in the South's rich literary . . . — Map (db m116357) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Johnny Cash's First Performance / Johnny Cash and Tennessee Two
Johnny Cash's First Performance The singer-songwriter who became know as "The Man in Black," Johnny Cash launched his music career on this site in December 1954. Working as a door-to-door appliance salesman, Cash teamed up with guitarist . . . — Map (db m102825) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 158 — Josiah T. Settle1850 - 1915
After a noted legal and legislative career in Mississippi, Settle came to Memphis in 1885. During the late 1880s, he served as Assistant Attorney General of the Criminal Court of Shelby County, an appointment unprecedented for an African-American at . . . — Map (db m82853) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 5 — Junior Crevasse/Poverty Point, Louisiana/Jesuits BendPanel #5 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Junior Crevasse Mile 55.0 AHP During the great flood of April 1927, the steamship Inspector was fought erratic currents downstream past the Junior Plantation. The pilot lost control and the boat’s bow crashed into the levee. . . . — Map (db m114920) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 9 — Kenner, Louisiana/Davis Crevasse/Ormand Landing, LouisianaPanel #9 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Kenner, Louisiana Mile 113.0 AHP This community grew up on a sugar plantation owned by the Kenner family and became a railroad stop in the antebellum years. During the U.S. Civil War, Union troops were sent to Kenner to destroy the . . . — Map (db m114924) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Kuni Wada Bakery Remembrance
"When nothing else subsists from the past, after the people are dead, after the things are broken and scattered. The smell and taste of things remain poised a long time, like souls. Bearing resiliently, on tiny and almost impalpable drops of . . . — Map (db m89358) HM WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 35 — Lake Providence, Louisiana/Stack IslandPanel #35 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Lake Providence, Louisiana Mile 487.3 AHP To guide a boat past this point without falling prey to murderous pirates of the area was considered an “act of providence” in the early 1800’s. Both the ancient oxbow lake to the . . . — Map (db m115522) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Lansky BrothersClothier to the King
Lansky Brothers was founded in 1946 by Bernard and Guy Lansky with a $125 investment from their father, S. L. Lansky. The store began at 126 Beale Street as an army surplus store, but gradually changed to accommodate customers interested in a . . . — Map (db m63367) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Lauderdale Courts / Presley Family at Lauderdale Courts
Lauderdale Courts Built in 1936 by the Federal Emergency Administration of Public Works, Lauderdale Courts was one of the first federal housing projects in the nation. It replaced substandard housing with clean, modern dwellings for the . . . — Map (db m87028) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Let Freedom Ring
For someone to choose this country and live through 17 U.S. Presidents is amazing. Eugene Magevney was born in 1798 in Ireland. He must have heard the call of freedom from America as a child while our nation was still in its infancy and John Adams . . . — Map (db m115917) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E-114 — Lowenstein Mansion
Born in Germany in 1835, Elias Lowenstein emigrated to Memphis in 1854. The firm which he headed, B. Lowenstein & Bros. Department Store, was prominent in Memphis for 125 years. A leader in the Jewish community, he served as president of Temple . . . — Map (db m74816) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 153 — Lucie Eddie CampbellComposer, Educator and Activist — 1885-1963
Front Born in Duck Hill, Mississippi, in 1885, the youngest of seven children, Lucie E. Campbell moved to Memphis and was educated in the Memphis public schools. She graduated as valedictorian from Kortrecht High School (later . . . — Map (db m89011) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 12 — Lutcher, Louisiana/Oak Alley/St. James Landing, LouisianaPanel #12 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Lutcher, Louisiana Mile 147.6 AHP Tobacco was never a very successful cash crop for early French settlers, with the notable exception of Pierre Channet, who lived near here. The “Perique tobacco” he developed is still . . . — Map (db m114928) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 132 — Mallory-Neely House
Built circa 1852, this 25-room Italian villa-style mansion was home to the Isaac Kirtland, Benjamin Babb, James C. Neely, Daniel Grant, and Barton Lee Mallory families between 1852 and 1969. Extensively renovated during the 1880s and 1890s, it . . . — Map (db m63369) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 146 — Manassas High School / The Cora P. Taylor Auditorium
Manassas High School Manassas High School was established by Spencer Johnson and others in 1899 on the west side of Manassas Street. Originally a two-room framed structure in 1900, more rooms were added between 1902 and 1904. In 1918, a . . . — Map (db m87974) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 58 — Marcus Winchester
On this corner Marcus B. Winchester in 1819 set up the first store in Memphis, and in 1821 the first post office. Son of General James Winchester, he was agent for the original proprietors of the Rice Tract and was largely responsible for the early . . . — Map (db m116283) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 152 — Marion Scudder Griffinca. 1879-1957
Marion Scudder Griffin, although qualified, was refused a Tennessee law license for seven years solely because she was a woman. In 1907, she became the first woman attorney in Tennessee after she successfully lobbied the legislature to admit women . . . — Map (db m116302) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 123 — Mary Church Terrell1863 - 1954
Born in Memphis in 1863, Mary Church Terrell was noted as a champion of human rights. The daughter of millionaire Robert Church, Sr., she was graduated from Oberlin College in 1884 and later made her home in Washington, D.C. In 1904, she was a . . . — Map (db m63342) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Mason TempleChurch of God in Christ
This temple serves as foremost edifice at the world headquarters of the Church of God in Christ which was organized in 1897 by Bishop Charles Harrison Mason, son of former slaves. Built during World War II by the loyal members of the Church, Mason . . . — Map (db m89004) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Maxwelton (Circa 1855-1860)
Judge John Louis Taylor Sneed (1820-1901) named this house which is built of native poplar and cypress. Only a few of this "Victorian piano-box" style, more common to middle-Tennessee, survive. E.A. Spottswood, Sr. sold this land to Levi Joy in . . . — Map (db m84457) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis and Shelby County Medical Society
In Memoriam 1917-------------1918 In Memory of The Four Members of The Memphis and Shelby County Medical Society Who gave their lives in the service of their fellow men in the World War Capt. Robert B. Underwood - Lieut. A.P. . . . — Map (db m88260) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis BelleBoeing B-17 F #41-24485 — Margaret Polk
Front Margaret Polk Margaret Polk was a Memphis resident and a graduate of the Hutchison School. While a student at Southwestern in Memphis, she dated Pilot Robert Morgan prior to his deployment overseas. Bob named his B-17F-Memphis . . . — Map (db m85160) HM WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis City Hospital
In 1836 the state authorized building a brick hospital on this site, chiefly for river travelers. In 1873 it became a municipal institution. After its razing in 1891, the location became Forrest Park. — Map (db m74826) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 63 — Memphis Martyrs
In August, 1878, fear of death caused a panic during which 30,000 of 50,000 Memphians fled this bluff city. By October, the epidemic of yellow fever killed 4,204 of 6,000 Caucasians and 946 of 14,000 Negros who stayed. With some outside help, . . . — Map (db m7583) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis National Cemetery
This National Cemetery has been listed in The National Register of Historic Places by the United States Department of the Interior 1996 — Map (db m107637) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 164 — Memphis Queen II
Built in 1955 by the Dubuque Boat & Boiler Company, the Memphis Queen II was the first all-steel passenger ship on the Mississippi River. Measuring 85 feet long by 43 feet wide, it features two decks, two smokestacks, and a stern wheel . . . — Map (db m88257) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis State Eight
Front In the fall of 1959 some 4,500 students enrolled at Memphis State University. Among them were eight African Americans, the first to break the University's color barrier. They were Bertha Mae Rogers (Looney), Rose Blakney (Love) and . . . — Map (db m86685) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis University School
Founded in the downtown area in 1893 by Principals E.S. Werts and J.W.S Rhea, Memphis University School soon became the city's leading boys' preparartory school. Although the "old MUS" succumbed to the Great Depression in 1936, alumni and friends . . . — Map (db m87087) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Memphis,Tennessee/Mud Island
Memphis, Tennessee Its central location on the Mississippi River has been the basis for Memphis’s growth. The fourth Chickasaw Bluff was long occupied by the Native American tribe for whom it was named. France and later Spain built forts there . . . — Map (db m115006) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Mississippi River Park
When Riverside Drive was constructed in the mid-1930's, this park was built on what had been an old dumping ground for construction debris and dredge soil. It was enlarged to its present size in 1937, using material dredged from the river. . . . — Map (db m88264) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Modern Movie~Making In Memphis
Front On this South Main Street corner in 1988 the modern wave of Memphis movie making was born, in great measure through the efforts of the Memphis & Shelby County Film Commissioner Linn Sitler and Shelby County Government official . . . — Map (db m116289) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 40 — Mounds Landing Crevasse/Cypress Bend/Caulk Neck CutoffPanel #40 Mississippi Riverwalk
A0 Mounds Landing Crevasse Mile 560.5 AHP The Mounds Landing Crevasse was the most disastrous levee break during the great flood of 1927. The levee was old, originally built in 1867, and a ferryboat’s frequent landings had weakened the . . . — Map (db m115528) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 137 — Mt. Moriah Baptist Church
Mt. Moriah was founded in 1879. The oldest church in the area, it was relocated to this site in 1893, predating the Orange Mound community by seven years. A vernacular-sandstone building, the present edifice was completed in 1926, during the . . . — Map (db m83960) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Mud Island
Mud Island, across the old Wolf River channel before you, began to be formed by the Mississippi River around 1900. By 1916 there was concern that it would grow so far south that it would block access to the harbor, so the island was connected to . . . — Map (db m88265) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 18 — Mulatto Bend/Springfield Bend/Profit IslandPanel # 18
A. Mulatto Bend Mile 236.6 AHP

A group of Mulatto Freedmen of French dissent established a settlement here in the early 1800’s and the river pilots named it Mulatto Bend. Wilkinson Point at the crook of the bend suffered a major washout . . . — Map (db m115000) HM

Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Mullins United Methodist Church
Mullins United Methodist Church, named for its first minister, the Reverend Lorenzo Dow Mullins, was established July 15, 1845, in a one-room log cabin structure on this site. Federal troops dismantled the building using its timbers to construct . . . — Map (db m84551) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — N. B. Forrest Camp 215 Sons of Confederate Veterans
On June 28, 1900, a group of over 100 sons and grandsons of Confederate veterans met in Memphis to organize a local chapter, or "camp" of the United Sons of Confederate Veterans, later known as the Sons of Confederate Veterans (SCV). Following . . . — Map (db m82854) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 10 — Nashoba
To the south lay this plantation. Here, in 1827, a Scottish spinster heiress named Francis Wright set up a colony whose aims were the enforcement of cooperative living and other advanced sociological experiments. It failed in 1830. — Map (db m85673) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 104 — Nat D. Williams
In 1948, Nat D. Williams became the first black radio announcer in Memphis when he began broadcasting for WDIA. He was a cofounder of the Cotton Makers Jubilee and is credited with giving the celebration its name. A history teacher in the Memphis . . . — Map (db m13748) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 25 — Natchez Island/Vidalia, Louisiana /Giles CutoffPanel # 25
A. Natchez Island Mile 357.5 AHP Now joined to the Louisiana shore, this island was the site of one of the last steamboat accidents on the Mississippi River. The Tennessee Belle was a 38-year veteran of the river trade when she caught fire . . . — Map (db m115162) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 26 — Natchez, MississippiPanel # 26
French settlers arrived in the early 1700’s establishing Fort Rosalie and a small plantation. The Natchez attacked in 1729, killing most of the settlers and French retaliation virtually destroyed the tribe. The British arrived in 1763, but Spain . . . — Map (db m115161) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Nathan Bedford Forrest
Nathan - Bedford - Forrest MDCCCXXI - MDCCCLXVII "Those hoof beats die not upon fame's crimson sod, But will ring through her song and her story; He fought like a Titan and struck like a god, And his dust is our ashes of glory." . . . — Map (db m51510) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 117 — Nathan Bedford Forrest III, Airman
(obverse) Brigadier General N.B. Forrest, III, U.S. Army Air Force, was born in Memphis on April 7, 1905 and was the first American General Officer killed in combat against the nazis during World War II. He died while participating in a . . . — Map (db m82855) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Naval Battle of Memphis, 1862
Atop these bluffs in the early morning hours of June 6, 1862, the citizens of Memphis gathered in excited anticipation as the Confederate River Defense Fleet steamed out into the Mississippi to meet the descending Union Gunboat Fleet. The . . . — Map (db m116185) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Nelson-Kirby HouseYellow Fever Refuge
This house was home to two owners who experienced differently the tribulations of the Civil War. The first, Thomas A. Nelson (1819-1887), acquired property on Poplar Pike in 1869 as a rural refuge from the yellow fever epidemics that periodically . . . — Map (db m119871) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 61 — New Madrid, Missouri/Cates Casting Field/Island No. 10Panel #61 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) New Madrid, Missouri Mile 888.7 AHP The New Madrid townsite was laid out in 1788 by Colonel George Morgan, who had brought settlers, hoping to make it the capital of an independent Spanish-allied state. The expected land grant from . . . — Map (db m114732) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 8 — New Orleans, LouisianaPanel #8 Mississippi Riverwalk
Mile 95.0 AHP Throughout its long and colorful history, New Orleans has been both a center of commerce and Mecca for seekers of a good time. As the Mississippi’s gateway to international trade, it has become the third largest port in the . . . — Map (db m114923) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Normal Depot
Southern Railway's Normal Depot was completed in time for the dedication of the West Tennessee Normal School on September 10, 1912. A brick Craftsman-style building with a tiled hip roof, it was a commuter station with separate white and "colored" . . . — Map (db m84112) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Normal Station Neighborhood
Named for a teacher's college and railroad depot, the Normal Station neighborhood is bounded by Goodlett, Park, Highland, and Southern. The Chickasaws originally had a hunting camp on Black Bayou that runs through the area. William F. Eckles bought . . . — Map (db m87434) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — North Carolina
In the 1700s, the western boundary of the British Crown Colony of North Carolina extended, in theory, to the Mississippi River. Much of this was academic, however, and the western Tennessee territory which bordered the river was in fact the property . . . — Map (db m53732) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 54 — North Memphis Driving Park
The southwest corner of this mile harness track was here; its long axis ran northeastward. It was developed mainly by C.K.G. Billings. Here Ed Geers brought out many famous horses. Here also, Dan Patch made his record of 1:55¼, and here occurred the . . . — Map (db m87930) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Oak Grove Baptist Church
Named Oak Grove because of its original location in a grove of Oak trees, the history of the church began with a small group of "freed" blacks in 1863. Mary C. and Ella J. Williams of Williams plantation permitted the members to use a parcel of the . . . — Map (db m88310) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Oakville Missionary Baptist Church
Front Founded in 1871 and organized in 1872, this church is among Shelby County's oldest active African American congregations. Originally known as "Oakville Colored Church", it was organized by former slaves and their families and . . . — Map (db m87271) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Ohio River
Winding 981 miles to Cairo, Illinois from its Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania head, the Ohio has been an important force in America’s history and its economy. Pioneers made it the highroad to western expansion after the American Revolution. The Ohio . . . — Map (db m114727) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 97 — Orange Mound
Orange Mound, developed as a Negro subdivision at the turn of the century, was formerly a 5000 acre plantation owned by John George Deaderick. Bounded by the Southern Railway on the north, Airways on the west, Park on the south, and Goodwyn on the . . . — Map (db m83993) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 3 — Ostrica Lock/Buras, Louisiana/Empire Lock/Nairn, LouisianaPanel #3 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Ostrica Lock Mile 25.2 AHP This lock connects the river to the Gulf of Mexico through a short channel extending north into Breton Sound. It is used chiefly by fishermen, crew boats, and pleasure craft. B) Buras, Louisiana . . . — Map (db m114916) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Overton Park
The 342 acre Lea Woods was bought in 1901 as the first project of Memphis Park Commission on advice of Olmsted Brothers, noted landscape and architects. By popular vote it was named for Judge John Overton, a city founder. Naturalistic landscaping . . . — Map (db m82857) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Overton Square1969 — Birth of the Square
East Side in 1969, Overton Square's founders--James D. Robinson, Jr., Ben Woodson, Charles H. Hull, Jr., and Frank Doggrell, III- developed T.G.I Friday's which became the first establishment in the city to sell alcohol by the drink. The . . . — Map (db m116680) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Owen College1954-1968
In 1946, the Tennessee Baptist Missionary and Educational Convention, a negro religious group, purchased twelve acres of ground and buildings at Vance Avenue and Orleans Street for $375,000 to begin a school. In 1954, Owen College, a two year . . . — Map (db m107447) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 24 — Palmetto Bend/Jackson Point/St. Catherine’s Creek/Ellis CliffsPanel # 24
A.Palmetto Bend Mile 326.0 AHP This bend and the plantation that lay on its bank were named for the Palmetto, a type of palm tree that was utilized by early settlers and found in abundance in this area. The trunks made durable wharf . . . — Map (db m115158) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 83 — Pee Wee Saloon(P. Wee Saloon)
Pee Wee's Saloon was the favorite meeting spot for Memphis musicians in the early 20th century. W.C. Handy used the cigar counter to write out copies of the Beale Street Blues for his band members. One of those songs, written for the 1909 political . . . — Map (db m9302) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 106 — People's Grocery
Thomas Moss, Calvin McDowell, and Will Stewart, all African-Americans and co-owners of People's Grocery (located at this site), were arrested in connection with a disturbance near their store. Rather than being brought to trial, they were lynched on . . . — Map (db m116288) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Phi Beta Sigma/Abram Langston Taylor
Phi Beta Sigma Native Tennessean Abram Langston Taylor, near this spot, 423 Beale Avenue, conceived the idea of establishing an international organization of college and professional men dedicated to “Culture for Service and Service . . . — Map (db m63343) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 110 — Piggly Wiggly
Marker Front: With a brass band, a beauty contest, flowers for the ladies, and balloons for the children Clarence Saunders of Memphis opened the first Piggly Wiggly, America's first completely self-service grocery store, at 79 Jefferson . . . — Map (db m88646) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 16 — Plaquemine, Louisiana/Manchac BendPanel #16 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Plaquemine, Louisiana Mile 208.2 AHP The settlement that arose at the mouth of the Bayou Plaquemine took as its name the Native American word for the fruit, persimmon. Early settlers traveled on the bayou, but as the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m114992) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4 — Point a La Hache, Louisiana/Magnolia Plantation, LouisianaPanel #4 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Point a La Hache, Louisiana Mile 45.0 AHP French explorers named the slight curve in the river bank “Point of the Axe.” It is the end of the Mainline Levee System on the east bank. B) Magnolia Plantation, Louisiana . . . — Map (db m114919) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Poplar Tunes / One-Stop Shop306-308 Poplar Avenue
Poplar Tunes Calling itself "Memphis' Original Record Shop," Poplar Tunes lived up to its billing. Founders Joe Cuoghi and John Novarese opened the store in 1946, selling records for the retail, wholesale and jukebox trade. Demo records . . . — Map (db m87025) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 19 — Port Hudson, Louisiana/Fausse River CutoffPanel #19 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Port Hudson, Louisiana Mile 256.0 AHP This settlement began as a trading post and by the time of the U.S. Civil War, it was an important shipping center with both a steamboat landing and a rail line to the east. The Confederates . . . — Map (db m115001) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — R.S. Lewis & Sons Funeral Home
Founded in 1914 by Robert Stevenson Lewis Sr. and later operated by sons Robert Jr. and Clarence, the family business became committed to improving the quality of life for African-Americans in the community. Among their achievements, in the 1920s . . . — Map (db m107484) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 59 — Reelfoot LakePanel #59 Mississippi Riverwalk — Mile 873.0 AHP
A tremendous earthquake struck this region on December 16, 1811, beginning a three-month series of violent quakes that devastated over 40,000 square miles. Named for the largest settlement in the region, the New Madrid earthquakes altered local . . . — Map (db m114736) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 79 — Rhodes College
Its progenitor was Montgomery Masonic College, founded at Clarksville in 1848. Named Stewart College in 1855, it became a college of the Presbyterian church in 1861 and was incorporated as Southwestern Presbyterian University in 1875. It moved here . . . — Map (db m87354) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E-181 — Rock of Ages Christian Methodist Episcopal Church
African Americans formed the Rock of Ages Colored Methodist Episcopal congregation c. 1907. The congregation moved into a new church in 1956, when it became the Christian Methodist Episcopal Church (CME). The name change signaled the congregation's . . . — Map (db m116110) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 28 — Rodney Cutoff/Bayou PierrePanel #28 Mississippi Riverwalk
A) Rodney Cutoff Mile 388.0 AHP Opened in 1936 the Rodney Cutoff bypassed an old river bend and the ghost town that once was the busy river town of Rodney. Over 4,000 people lived in the town of Rodney in the 1850’s and its bustling port . . . — Map (db m115165) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Rose GardenMemphis National Cemetery
This rose garden is dedicated to the memory and honor of all veterans. Through the generosity of the local districts of the Veterans of Foreign Wars, the Tipton County Veterans Council, the Junior League Garden Club, the Memphis Rose Society, the . . . — Map (db m107481) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 119 — Rufus Thomas, Jr.
(Obverse) Born March 26, 1917, in Cayce, Mississippi, this legendary entertainer known worldwide, began his career in the 1930s with the Rabbit Foot Minstrel Shows. He was the organizer and master of ceremonies of the amateur shows in the . . . — Map (db m9303) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 149 — Russwood Park
Originally Red Elm Park, Russwood Park was home to Memphis professional baseball from 1899 to 1960. Primarily home to the Memphis Chicks, a charter member of the Southern Association, Russwood hosted nearly 70% of all players and managers enshrined . . . — Map (db m116293) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 138 — Sara Roberta Church1914-1995
In 1952, Roberta Church became the first black woman in Memphis to be elected to public office and to the Tennessee Republican State Executive Committee. She served as an official in the administrations of Presidents Eisenhower and Nixon. In 1987, . . . — Map (db m63290) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Schools For Freedmen
The first free "colored" school in the city was opened in early 1863 in a barrack building in South Memphis. In 1864 the U.S. Army issued a general order authorizing its officers to help with these schools for the education of freedmen. In 1865 . . . — Map (db m82858) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Second Congregational Church
Founded by the American Missionary Association in 1868, Second Congregational Church was originally at 239 Orleans. It was a chapel for LeMoyne Normal Institute. The present church, designed and built by Black artisans, was completed in 1928. In . . . — Map (db m83841) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Second Presbyterian Church
(obverse) This church was founded on Dec. 28, 1844, on Front St. near Gayoso. It has since become the parent of ten daughter churches. It erected its first owned building in 1849 at Main and Beale. During the Civil War, Federal troops . . . — Map (db m63365) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 47 — Shelby County / Memphis
Shelby County Established 1819; named in honor of ISAAC SHELBY who, along with Andrew Jackson, was appointed United States Commissioner; together they arranged the purchase of the Western District from the Chickasaw Indian Nation . . . — Map (db m82859) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Shelby County Archives and Hall of Records / Former Criminal Courts Building
Shelby County Archives and Hall of Records After the Shelby County criminal courts and jail moved from here in 1982, this National Register Historic District building stood empty until 1998, when extensive renovations were completed and . . . — Map (db m116295) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Shelby County Courthouse
Designed by Architect James Gamble Rogers and dedicated on January 1, 1910, the Shelby County Courthouse is the largest and most ornate in Tennessee. Quarterly Court Chairman James Hill Barret led the movement for the imposing structure with modern . . . — Map (db m82860) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Site of First Memphis Telephone
on October 18, 1877, at residence of Col. Mike Burke, 673 Shelby, Superintendent of Miss. & Tenn. RR, which was connected only with RR office and home of Col. H.A. Montgomery at Poplar & Bellevue. — Map (db m116291) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Site of the former Union Avenue United Methodist Church
1895- Lenox Methodist Episcopal South 1918- Union Avenue Methodist Episcopal Church South 1923-Ground-Breaking of new sanctuary on March 14 1968- Union Avenue Congregation 2010 - The Union Avenue Congregation merged with St. Luke's United . . . — Map (db m84850) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 36 — Skipwith Crevasse/Sara Cutoff/Island No. 89Panel #36 Mississippi Riverwalk
A. Skipwith Crevasse Mile 499.4 AHP When the levee at Skipwith Plantation broke in the flood of 1913, the water poured slowly through the break. Couriers on horseback were able to alert the residents of the Mississippi-Yazoo Delta, and no . . . — Map (db m116150) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Solvent Savings Bank
The Solvent Savings Bank and Trust Company founded by Robert Church, Sr., first Negro bank established in Memphis, opened at this site, 392 Beale Street, in 1906. It survived the money panic of 1907 and became the fourth largest black bank in the . . . — Map (db m48758) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Southwestern Alumni World War II Memorial
Dedicated To The Memory of Southwestern Alumni Who Made The Supreme Sacrifice In World War II James S. Allman '42    Logan W. Hughs '36 Carl A. Arnout '42    William I. Hunt '34 Roy D Bachman '10    Curtis B. Hurley, Jr. '42 Hays Brantley, . . . — Map (db m102270) WM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — Spain
The Spanish were the first Europeans to discover the Lower Mississippi, but 260 years of shifting international politics allowed them only occasional sovereignty over the area. Hernando DeSoto's pioneering expedition stumbled on the Mississippi . . . — Map (db m53733) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 150 — St. Agnes Academy
Founded January 10, 1851, St. Agnes Academy was sponsored by the Dominican Sisters from Kentucky. The school continued to operate during the Civil War and some nuns were pressed into service as nurses. Through the yellow fever epidemics of the . . . — Map (db m84700) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — 4E 74 — St. John's United Methodist Church
The earliest members of this church were among the founders of Methodism in Memphis. This congregation, established in 1859 as Central Church Mission, first met on Union Avenue. St. John's built in 1907, was designed by Beauregard C. Alsup. The . . . — Map (db m83789) HM
Tennessee (Shelby County), Memphis — St. Mary's Cathedral Chapel and Diocesan House
St. Mary's Cathedral Chapel and Diocesan House The church was founded on this site as an Episcopal Mission in 1857 and consecrated on Ascension Day in 1858 by James Otey, the first Bishop of Tennessee. It was designated as the Diocesan . . . — Map (db m88167) HM

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