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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
126 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 26 ⊳
 
 

Trail of Tears Historical Markers

The Indian Removal Act of 1830 opened a dark chapter in American history. Thousands of Native-Americans died during their forced removal from their eastern homelands to the Oklahoma Territory, along what is now called the Trail of Tears.
 
Barry Springs Indian Stockade Marker image, Touch for more information
By Angela Nichols, May 11, 2016
Barry Springs Indian Stockade Marker
GEOGRAPHIC SORT
1Alabama (Cherokee County), Gaylesville — Barry Springs Indian Stockade
One hundred feet east was one site where "The Trail of Tears" began. On May 23, 1838 the Indians of this general area, who had been held in a chestnut log stockade after being gathered by the U.S. Army, began their long trek to Oklahoma. The . . . — Map (db m114398) HM
2Alabama (Colbert County), Sheffield — History of Sheffield
Side A Prehistoric man arrived in this area bout 10,000 years ago. Later Indian cultures left many stone artifacts and pottery vessels. In the 1780s, a French trading post and Indian village were located near the mouth of Spring Creek. . . . — Map (db m83389) HM
3Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — American Indian History
Side 1 Oka Kapassa (Ococoposa), meaning "Cold Water", was the Chickasaw name given to Spring Creek and to a trading post established near the Tennessee River about 1780. About 1817, Michael Dickerson and others were greeted at what by . . . — Map (db m83393) HM
4Alabama (Colbert County), Tuscumbia — Sacred TearsBy Branko Medenica — September 19, 2003 —
Panel 1 Tuscumbia and much of the Shoals area played an integral part in the "Trail of Tears" with the Tennessee River route and the overland routes. In 1825, the U.S. Government formally adopted a removal policy, which was carried out . . . — Map (db m83403) HM
5Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Cherokee Indian Removal
Under the provisions of the Cherokee Removal Act of 1830, a log stockade was built, “Two hundred yards Northeast of Big Spring.” The spring supplied abundant water for the Cherokees, the soldiers and livestock. Fort Payne was used as . . . — Map (db m36743) HM
6Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Fort Payne Cabin Historic Site
In 1837 Federal Troops arrived in this area to select a fort location for the collection, holding and removal of the Cherokee. Part of a much larger compound, this site contained a cabin seized by the troops for use as part of the fort. Today a . . . — Map (db m100286) HM
7Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Site of the Willstown Mission1823-1839
Also resting place of Supt Ard Hoyt 1770-1828 Missionary to the Cherokee Indians Here and at Brainerd 1818-1828 — Map (db m36965) HM
8Alabama (DeKalb County), Fort Payne — Trail of TearsJohn Benge Route — Fort Payne, Alabama to Oklahoma —
(side 1) The first detachment of 1,103 Cherokees to emigrate under their own officers, prior to leaving for the west held a final council at Rattlesnake Springs (near present-day Charleston, TN) and, by unanimous vote, declared their . . . — Map (db m113846) HM
9Alabama (Jackson County), Rocky Springs — Trail of Tears
In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of U.S. Army General Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. About 16,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in . . . — Map (db m18047) HM
10Alabama (Lauderdale County), Waterloo — Trail of Tears
Thousands of Cherokee Indians passed through Waterloo in the 1830s when they were forced by the U.S. government to move West on the "Trail of Tears". Most came by boat from Tuscumbia and camped here to await transfer to larger steamboats. During the . . . — Map (db m84301) HM
11Alabama (Lawrence County), Town Creek — Trail of Tears
Form the late 1700's to 1807 a Cherokee Chief named Doublehead guarded this area, that was claimed by both the Cherokee and Chickasaw Nations as sacred hunting grounds against encroachment of white settlers. Chief Doublehead had the reputation . . . — Map (db m84646) HM
12Alabama (Madison County), Brownsboro — Trail of TearsDrane/Hood Overland Route
In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of U.S. Army General Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory in Oklahoma. About 16,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in Tennessee and . . . — Map (db m33318) HM
13Alabama (Madison County), Madison — Trail of TearsDrane Overland Route
Early in the 1800's gold was found from Virginia to Alabama including a rich belt on Cherokee Indian land in what is now Dahlonega, GA. causing a huge influx of miners and a land grab by new settlers. Pressure and greed from politicians led to . . . — Map (db m85838) HM
14Alabama (Marshall County), Guntersville — History of Guntersville
(Side A) This area's proximity to the Tennessee River and Indian trails made it a crossroads for early habitation, settlement, and trade. Archaeological studies reveal it was first inhabited about 12,000 years ago by Paleo-Indians. They . . . — Map (db m33305) HM
15Alabama (Russell County), Fort Mitchell — The Creek Trail of Tears
Approximately one mile due east of this marker, back down the Old Federal Road, called by frontiersmen and Indians the Three Notched Trail or the Three Chopped Way, stood Fort Mitchell, an early 19th century American fort that in 1836 was one of the . . . — Map (db m26100) HM
16Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — “The Indian Fires Are Going Out”
The Trail of Tears led thousands of Creek Indians through Tuscaloosa, capital of Alabama in 1836. Chief Eufaula addressed the legislature with these words: "I come here, brothers, to see the great house of Alabama and the men who make laws and . . . — Map (db m119308) HM
17Alabama (Tuscaloosa County), Tuscaloosa — John GayleGovernor 1831 - 1835
He extended state laws into Indian lands and actively encouraged illegal white settlement there. A treaty with the Creek Indians in 1832 forced them to leave the state and resulted in nine new counties in east Alabama. Their "Trail of Tears" took . . . — Map (db m29028) HM
18Arkansas (Baxter County), Mountain Home — Old Military Road
About 1800 near this spot white man established the first trail from East to West across Baxter County. Later some of the Cherokee Indians were moved to Oklahoma using this route which was known as the Trail of Tears. — Map (db m62248) HM
19Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Pea Ridge and the Trail of TearsTrail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Decr 23rd 1837, Buried Rainfrogs daughter. Marched at 8 o'c A.M. halted at Reddix, 3 o'c. P.M. encamped and issued corn & fodder & beef, 16 miles today. -B.B. Cannon, Detachment Leader Not Far to Go Here, members of William . . . — Map (db m21085) HM
20Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — They Passed This WayTrail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Long time we travel on way to new land.... Womens cry... Children cry and men cry...but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much." -Recollection of a survivor of the Trail of . . . — Map (db m35436) HM
21Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — "Trail of Tears"
After Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830, the Government forceably relocated about 60,000 Indians from the southeastern U.S. to what is now Oklahoma. This included the five (5) civilized tribes Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Choctaw, . . . — Map (db m97912) HM
22Arkansas (Lonoke County), Austin — Oakland Grove (Old Austin)Short Cut to Indian Territory 1832-1838 — Trail of Tears Through Arkansas —
In 1807, citizens of Crystal Hill built a road to connect Cadron and Arkansas Post. From Cadron the road was built almost due east and continued until they reached the Wattensaw. At the Wattensaw swamps they found an Indian path that led south to . . . — Map (db m116694) HM
23Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Helena and The Trail of Tears
"The steamer Warren brought news... of the loss of the steamboat Monmouth, and the death of at least one-half of her infamously crowded passengers. This fatal, and most appalling, accident arose from a collision between these two boats; but from the . . . — Map (db m52028) HM
24Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — They Passed This WayThe Trail of Tears - Water Route
"I have no more land, I am driven away from home, driven up the red waters, let us all go, let us all die together and somewhere upon the banks we will be there." - Sin-e-cha's Song, heard on several removal boats along the Trail of . . . — Map (db m52027) HM
25Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — The Trail of Tears through JacksonvilleTrail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"The route which the Choctaws and Chickasaws will travel, in emigrating to their new homes, is not yet, we believe, fully determined on; but it is quite probable that a large proportion of them will cross the Mississippi at Helena, and White . . . — Map (db m116572) HM
26Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — They Passed This WayTrail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Long time we travel on way to new land.... Womens cry.... Children cry and men cry...but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much." -Recollection of a . . . — Map (db m116602) HM
27Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — Quapaws, Choctaws, and Chickasaws Passed Here1825 - 1837
The Indian parties followed an ancient trail that became known as the Southwest Trail. The primitive trail took the tribal groups by where you are standing. William S. Lockhart was the first permanent settler in the area, arriving in 1815, at a . . . — Map (db m96596) HM
28Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Cherokee Nation
"The Cherokees have been kept on a small spot, surrounded by a strong guard… obliged to live very much like brute animals… exposed to wind and rain, and herd[ed] together… like droves of hogs…” —Reverend Butrick, June 1838 . . . — Map (db m156907) HM
29Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Chickasaw Nation
The removal of the Chickasaw from their southeast homelands began in the early 1800s. Government traders who forced tribal members into debt would demand tribal lands as payment. By 1818, the Chickasaw had unwillingly yielded property in Alabama, . . . — Map (db m156906) HM
30Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Choctaw Nation
"No part of the land granted them shall ever be embraced in any… State; but the U.S. shall forever secure said Choctaw Nation, from and against all laws except such as… may be enacted in their own National Councils." With such U.S. . . . — Map (db m156905) HM
31Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Muscogee (Creek) Nation
The Muscogee (Creek) people are descendants of a remarkable culture that, before A.D. 1500, spanned the entire region now known as the southeastern United States. The Muscogee were not one tribe, but rather a union of several that evolved into a . . . — Map (db m156904) HM
32Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Seminole Nation
The Seminole people originated in Florida from the mixing of many indigenous groups throughout the southeast. Encroachment by white settlers and slave-hunters onto tribal territory started the Seminole wars in 1817. Sporadic warfare continued until . . . — Map (db m156903) HM
33Florida (Sumter County), Bushnell — F-993 — Pilaklikaha/Abraham's Town
Pilaklikaha One mile east of here is the site of the town of Pilaklikaha, established in 1813 by Black Seminoles. Meaning "many ponds" in the Mikasuki language, Pilaklikaha was the largest and most prosperous Black Seminole town in Florida, . . . — Map (db m114467) HM
34Georgia (Cherokee County), Canton — 028-6 — Fort Buffington
One-half mile north is the site of Fort Buffington, built in the 1830’s by local militia. It was one of about 25 stockades in the Cherokee Indian Nation used by Federal and State troops during the Cherokee Removal in 1838. In May and June, 1838, . . . — Map (db m51190) HM
35Georgia (Dade County), Wildwood — 041-2 — Chief Wauhatchie’s Home
Just East of the railroad from here and 200 yards North of Wauhatchie Spring and Branch, stood the home of Wauhatchie, Chief of the Cherokees. In the War of 1812 he served in a company of Cherokees under Capt. John Brown, Col. Gideon Morgan and Maj. . . . — Map (db m57996) HM
36Georgia (Floyd County), Rome — 57-1 — Chieftains
At this house’s core is the 1790s log home of Major Ridge (c.1771-1839), a leader in the Cherokee Nation. His 223-acre plantation supported numerous outbuildings, orchards and slaves while the family served as ferryboat operators and merchants. It . . . — Map (db m14981) HM
37Georgia (Gilmer County), East Ellijay — Fort Hetzel1838 — 1868
In 1838, 1100 Cherokee Indians were assembled at this site in preparation for the evacuation to Oklahoma Territory on The Trail of Tears — Map (db m98987) HM
38Georgia (Gilmer County), Ellijay — Home of Chief Whitepath
Home of the Cherokee Indian Chief Whitepath stood from 1800 to 1982, 338 yards S.W. of this marker. Aaron Pinson born Feb. 5, 1784 lived here from 1838 until his death Dec. 7, 1843 — Map (db m98998) HM
39Georgia (Gordon County), Adairsville — 064-32 — Cherokee Nation
During the early 1800’s, northern Georgia was heart of the sovereign, independent Cherokee Indian Nation. By this time Cherokee were the most progressive Indian tribe in North America. In 1821, they became the first American Indians with a written . . . — Map (db m11567) HM
40Georgia (Gordon County), Calhoun — 064-33 — Trail of Tears
The New Echota Treaty of 1835 relinquished Cherokee Indian claims to lands east of the Mississippi River. The majority of the Cherokee people considered the treaty fraudulent and refused to leave their homelands in Georgia, Alabama, North Carolina, . . . — Map (db m10051) HM
41Georgia (Lumpkin County), Dahlonega — 093-6 — The Station<---------<<<
This is the site of one the forts or stations used by the United States Government in Cherokee country in 1838 to round up the Cherokee Indians for their removal to western reservations. General Winfield Scott, commander of the troops used to . . . — Map (db m30369) HM
42Georgia (Murray County), Chatsworth — 105-4 — Chief Vann House
Built of locally made brick in 1804, this house, the finest in the Cherokee Nation, was the home a Town Chief, James Vann, son of a Scotch trader, Clement Vann, and his wife, a Cherokee chieftain's daughter. Around his home were several of his . . . — Map (db m18595) HM
43Georgia (Murray County), Spring Place — John Howard Payne
Author of "Home, Sweet Home," suspected as a spy of the Cherokee Indians was imprisoned here in 1835, but released. Erected by Old Guard of Atlanta Oct. 6, 1922; Jos. A. McCord; Commandant — Map (db m18592) HM
44Georgia (Walker County), LaFayette — 146-1 — Fort Cumming
Here stood a Cherokee Indian stockade with blockhouse on hill, built by U.S. Government in 1836. Capt. Samuel Fariss and a company of Georgia volunteers guarded Cherokee Indians here before their removal to the west. This fort was . . . — Map (db m12907) HM
45Georgia (Walker County), Rossville — 146-12 — John Ross Home
This comfortable two-story log house was the home of Cherokee Chief John Ross from boyhood until he went west over the "Trail of Tears," losing his Indian wife enroute. Although only one-eighth Indian himself, Ross was the elected "Principal Chief" . . . — Map (db m12673) HM
46Georgia (White County), Helen — 154-6 — Early Trading Post
At this point, just north of the safest ford in the Chattahoochee River, the first white settlers in this area built their campfires in 1822. A trading post was soon established on the site and Indians traded gold nuggets and gold-dust to the . . . — Map (db m43704) HM
47Illinois (Massac County), Metropolis — They Passed This WayFort Massac State Park — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail —
Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation once spread across parts of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee and other southeastern tribes surrender their land . . . — Map (db m154723) HM
48Kentucky (Caldwell County), Princeton — 142 — Trail of Tears
At this point on the "Varmintrace" Road from Princeton toward Cumberland River the Cherokee Indians in 1838 camped on the 1200 mile "Trail of Tears." The enforced trek began in the Great Smoky Mountains and led westward to Indian Territory, costing . . . — Map (db m123861) HM
49Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — Cherokee "Trail of Tears"
By the early 1800's white settlers in present-day Georgia, Alabama, and Tennessee wanted the Cherokee farms, especially after the discovery of gold on Cherokee land. In 1830 the U. S. Congress passed the Indian Removal Act; in 1835 three hundred . . . — Map (db m105690) HM
50Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — The Cherokee A Civilized People
The Cherokee people once occupied much of the mid-Atlantic territory of North America. During the American Revolution they sided with the British against encroaching settlers and were forced to live in the mountains of Georgia, Tennessee, and North . . . — Map (db m105691) HM
51Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — 1042 — The Trail of Tears
A camping ground, Oct. 1838, for a part of the Cherokee Indians who were forcibly moved from their homes in the Smoky Mountain region of N. Car. and Tenn. to Indian Terr., now Okla. Badly clothed and fed, hundreds became ill and many died, among . . . — Map (db m88883) HM
52Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — Trail of Tears Indian Camping Grounds
In 1838 this lot, then in woods, was used as camping grounds for 13,500 Indians removed along this route from the southern states to Oklahoma, in detachments of 1500. Among those who died in camp were two noted Cherokees Chief . . . — Map (db m88886) HM
53Kentucky (Christian County), Hopkinsville — Whitepath and Fly Smith
Chief Whitepath served with Chief John Ross on the six-person Management Committee for Cherokee Removal and Subsistence, arranging for ration stops along the "Trail of Tears". Cherokee Memorial Park in Hopkinsville, Kentucky, was one of the sites. . . . — Map (db m105687) HM
54Kentucky (McCracken County), Paducah — A Quick StopPaducah — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail —
(top:) With the black scorch of burned riverfront warehouses before them, the Cherokee on the Drane detachment moored at Paducah in July 1838. The waterfront was still recovering from a great fire two months earlier. The Cherokee . . . — Map (db m154711) HM
55Kentucky (McCracken County), Paducah — They Passed This WayPaducah — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail —
Home to thousands of men, women, and children, the Cherokee Nation once spread across parts of Georgia, North Carolina, Tennessee, and Alabama. The 1830 Indian Removal Act required that the Cherokee and other southeastern tribes surrender their land . . . — Map (db m154722) HM
56Missouri (Laclede County), Lebanon — Lebanon
Lebanon, lying 1,265 feet above sea level, in Missouri's Central Ozarks, was founded in 1849 as the seat of newly organized Laclede County. Southern settlers named the town for Lebanon, Tenn. The county name honors the founder of St. Louis. When . . . — Map (db m44872) HM
57Missouri (Pulaski County), Waynesville — A Frigid Crossing
"Traveled 12 miles to Waynesville on Roberdeou Creek, a branch of the Gasconade—clear and present day..." Dr. W. I. Morrow's diary, March 5, 1839 During the Trail of Tears, the only way Cherokee could cross the creek . . . — Map (db m158042) HM
58Missouri (Pulaski County), Waynesville — A Resting Place for the Weary
"...halted at Waynesville, MO o'c P.M. encamped and issued corn and fodder, beef and cornmeal. Weather extremely cold." B. B. Cannon's diary, December 9, 1837 If you had been here the afternoon of December 9, 1837, you . . . — Map (db m158038) HM
59Missouri (Pulaski County), Waynesville — A Trail of Tragedy
"This morning word came that a Cherokee woman was dying. I hastened to her tent...She was put in the wagon which carried her family when the detachment started, but soon expired." Rev. Daniel S. Butrick diary, March 11, . . . — Map (db m158035) HM
60Missouri (Pulaski County), Waynesville — Roubidoux TrailDedicated 2003
On December 9, 1837, United States Army Conductor, B.B. Cannon and 330 Cherokee Treaty Party "Volunteers" camped near this site. Ten additional detachments, led by Cherokees themselves, passed through here on the Northern Route of the "Trail of . . . — Map (db m158046) HM
61Missouri (Pulaski County), Waynesville — What is the Trail of Tears?
From 1837 to 1839, thousands of Cherokee traveled along local roads and through what is now Laughlin Park on their way to Indian Territory in the West. Some groups encamped here on their journey. The Cherokee, or the "Principal People" or . . . — Map (db m158039) HM
62North Carolina (Cherokee County), Andrews — Fort DelaneyTrail of Tears
Fort Delaney, the U.S. Army’s post for the 1838 forced removal of Cherokee citizens from the upper Valley River Valley, was located due south of here in present-day Andrews. East Tennessee Mounted Volunteers built the fort in October 1837, . . . — Map (db m156070) HM
63North Carolina (Cherokee County), Andrews — Konehete
Welcome to Konehete, the Long Valley Place that white’s shortened to Valleytown, the first name of Andrews. For centuries, the Long Valley was home to Cherokee communities such as Little Tellico, Tomatla, Conostee, Quotoconechito, Nehowee, Dasetsi, . . . — Map (db m156076) HM
64North Carolina (Cherokee County), Andrews — Resistance and Resurgence on Valley RiverTrail of Tears
(preface) In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of . . . — Map (db m156080) HM
65North Carolina (Cherokee County), Andrews — The Old Army RoadTrail of Tears
(preface) In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of . . . — Map (db m156081) HM
66North Carolina (Cherokee County), Murphy — Q-11 — Fort Butler
One of forts in which Gen. Winfield Scott gathered the Cherokee before moving them west in 1838. Stood ¼ mile southwest. — Map (db m57945) HM
67North Carolina (Cherokee County), Murphy — Site of Fort Butler
Commanded by Genl. Winfield Scott during the round up of the Cherokee Indians for removal to Oklahoma in 1837-1838 — — — — — — — Donated to Town of Murphy by Tar Heel . . . — Map (db m99008) HM
68North Carolina (Cherokee County), Murphy — Trail of TearsThe Valley Towns Baptist Mission
In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homeland in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokee perished during . . . — Map (db m120337) HM
69North Carolina (Cherokee County), Murphy — Trail of TearsFort Butler and the Cherokee Removal of 1838
In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homeland in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina, and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokee perished during . . . — Map (db m120343) HM
70North Carolina (Clay County), Hayesville — Q15 — Fort Hembree
One of the forts where General Winfield Scott's United States Forces gathered the Cherokee before moving them west, stood 3/4 mi. N. W. — Map (db m41936) HM
71North Carolina (Swain County), Bryson City — Q-3 — Tsali
Cherokee who resisted removal & escaped from U.S. troops; executed nearby, 1838. Story inspired Unto These Hills.Map (db m39694) HM
72North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — People of the Mountains
The rugged terrain of the Smoky Mountains determined patterns of human settlement. Residents of the Smokies - be they native Cherokees or European emigrants and their descendants - gravitated to valleys or coves. Settlement was confined to areas far . . . — Map (db m20054) HM
73North Carolina (Swain County), Cherokee — Trail of TearsQualla Town
In 1838, the United States government deported more than 16,000 Cherokee Indian people from their homelands in Tennessee, Alabama, North Carolina and Georgia, and sent them to Indian Territory (now Oklahoma). Thousands of Cherokees perished during . . . — Map (db m73923) HM
74Oklahoma (Caddo County), Anadarko — Sequoyah
Cherokee - - - 1764-1843 Artist and tribal leader Famous inventor of the Cherokee Alphabet Sculptor Leonard McMurry — Map (db m28103) HM
75Oklahoma (Cherokee County), Park Hill — Trail of Tears
(front) The United States Government, unable to conclude an agreement with the duly authorized leaders of the Cherokee Nation, signed a treaty with a minority faction willing to cede the last remaining portion of the original Cherokee . . . — Map (db m77932) HM
76Oklahoma (McCurtain County), Broken Bow — 203 — Military Road - Choctaw Trail of Tears
Cut from Washington, Ark., to Fort Towson in 1831 for removal of Choctaws from Miss., became known as Choctaw Trail of Tears after thousands of suffering Indians used it to reach new lands. Road served as major east-west artery for Choctaw Nation . . . — Map (db m24398) HM
77Tennessee (Bradley County), Cleveland — 2A-92 — Cooper Cemetery
In 1873, Bennet Cooper (1797-1886) gave one-quarter of an acre of land for a family burying ground. His first wife, Lydia, was buried there along with several other family members. The cemetery is located on a ridge behind the Cooper Homeplace which . . . — Map (db m81367) HM
78Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — Giles County Trail of Tears Memorial
"Long time we travel on way to new land...Womens cry... Children cry and men cry... but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much." -Recollection of a survivor of the Trail of . . . — Map (db m29815) HM
79Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — Nunahi-Duna-Dlo-Hily-I"The Trail Where They Cried"
This sculpture is a small piece of theater, a tableau to engage the spectator in the heartbreak of the Cherokee walking west on the two routes of the Trail of Tears that crossed in Pulaski. Fear, suffering, survival, and resolve are expressed within . . . — Map (db m81562) HM
80Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — The Bell RouteThe Trail of Tears
Bell's Route of the Cherokee Trail of Tears in Tennessee, Arkansas, and Oklahoma, 1838-1839 Overview The detachment headed by John Bell differed from the parties under Cherokee Chief John Ross's supervision. Bell's detachment was composed of . . . — Map (db m29811) HM
81Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — The Benge RouteThe Trail of Tears
John Benge's Route of the Cherokee Trail of Tears in Alabama, Tennessee, Kentucky, Missouri, Arkansas and Oklahoma, 1838-1839 John Benge led one detachment of approximately 1100 Cherokee with 60 wagons and 600 horses that left from Alabama on . . . — Map (db m29812) HM
82Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — The Trail of Tears Interpretive Center
The Trail of Tears Interpretive Center Popularly known as the Rock Church, this beautiful chapel of Gothic architectural design was constructed by native limestone and was dedicated as the Immaculate Conception Catholic Church on August 10, 1941. A . . . — Map (db m29810) HM
83Tennessee (Giles County), Pulaski — Trail of TearsBell and Benge Removal Routes
The 1830 Indian Removal Act mandated the removal of all American Indian Tribes East of the Mississippi River to lands in the West. Pulaski, Tennessee is where the Bell and Benge routes crossed in 1838. Benge's route left Fort Payne, AL on September . . . — Map (db m81601) HM
84Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — 1790 John Ross 1866
John Ross was the grandson of John McDonald and the son of Daniel Ross natives of Scotland and partners in a trading post established at Ross’s Landing. He dedicated himself to the education of the Cherokee Nation. JOHN ROSS is called the greatest . . . — Map (db m36278) HM
85Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — 1838 Cherokee Removal & Trail of Tears
In May 1836, the United States Senate ratified the Treaty of New Echota by the margin of a single vote and set in motion the forcible removal of the Cherokee nation to the west. In 1838, the U.S. Government removed more than 16,000 Cherokee and . . . — Map (db m69239) HM
86Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Crossing into History
Trail of Tears In 1838, nearly 2,000 Cherokee, their enslaved Africans, and others stopped at Brown's Ferry (a few yards to your left) and gazed across the Tennessee River toward the landing on the opposite bank. They must . . . — Map (db m84250) HM
87Tennessee (Hamilton County), Chattanooga — Trail of Tears
In May 1838 soldiers, under the command of Gen. Winfield Scott, began rounding up Cherokee Indians in this area who had refused to move to Indian Territory (Oklahoma). About 15,000 Cherokees were placed in stockades in Tennessee and Alabama until . . . — Map (db m81675) HM
88Tennessee (Hardin County), Savannah — Historic Crossing
Savannah stands at the junction of two major corridors- the north-south Tennessee River and the east-west road of Memphis. Savannah's secure, high ground and deep water made it an important port. For decades pioneers and area farmers found the water . . . — Map (db m103113) HM
89Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — Retracing the Trail of Tears
The Bell Route On October 11, 1838, 660 Cherokee led by John Adair Bell left from Fort Cass (present day Charleston, Tennessee) to begin an arduous 700-mile journey. Weak and miserable from being held in removal camps, the people in the Bell . . . — Map (db m108202) HM
90Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — They Passed This Way
Long time we travel on way to new land… Womens cry…Children cry and men cry…but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much. Recollection of a survivor of the Trail of . . . — Map (db m108204) HM
91Tennessee (Lawrence County), Lawrenceburg — Trail of TearsBell Removal Route
The Indian Removal Act of 1830 mandated the removal of all American Indian tribes east of the Mississippi River to lands in the west. The Trail of Tears National Historic Trail commemorates the removal of the Cherokee and the paths that 17 . . . — Map (db m63079) HM
92Tennessee (Lincoln County), Fayetteville — Bell's Route Trail of TearsMemphis-Lincoln Co.-Chattanooga
During 1837 and 1838, a forced removal plan of the native people was implemented consisting of the removal of the tribal people of Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, Creek, and Seminole. Lieutenant Edward Deas, escorted one of the last groups to be . . . — Map (db m75213) HM
93Tennessee (McNairy County), Selmer — 4C 40 — The Trail of TearsCherokee Removal — 1838 —
A group of approximately 660 Cherokees traveled through McNairy County in late fall of 1838. Also called Bell's Treaty Party, it was the only detachment to be accompanied by the military. Escorted by U.S. Army Lt. Edward Deas and Cherokee leader . . . — Map (db m19311) HM
94Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "A Desire to Possess"
In 1830, President Andrew Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act. It ended the century long treaty relation that had defined Anglo-American, Cherokee relations. The debates that preceded the removal legislation set off fierce debates. Public opinion . . . — Map (db m39497) HM
95Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "An immense amount of suffering"
As they trudged westward, the parties that left Blythe's Ferry in the early fall of 1838 endured lingering health problems from diseases, such as diarrhea, dysentery, measles, and whooping cough, which began during their long stay in stockades. . . . — Map (db m39538) HM
96Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "Chains of Friendship"
The Cherokee people made their homes in the river valleys that spread out of the southern Appalachian Mountains. They claimed a domain that stretched across present-day North and South Carolina, Georgia, Tennessee, Alabama. They also claimed hunting . . . — Map (db m39494) HM
97Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "Farewell to our native land"
In addition to losing their land to the American government, many Cherokees fell prey to robbers and thieves who operated near the camps and along the roads leading west. "We are now about to take our final leave and kind farewell to our native . . . — Map (db m39532) HM
98Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "Forced from this country"
In hopes of avoiding bloodshed, American military leaders made one final appeal to the Cherokee people. It contained both promises of protection and threats of doom. The President, as well as Congress, have decreed that you should remove from . . . — Map (db m39499) HM
99Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "Given by the Great Spirit above"
During the 18th century, Cherokees worked hard to defend their homeland from invasion by Anglo-Americans. The nature of Cherokee politics - dispersed and locally defined - often hampered unified resistance to the invaders. In 1809, the Cherokee . . . — Map (db m39495) HM
100Tennessee (Meigs County), Birchwood — "Not a treaty at all"
Although American legislation declared an end to Cherokee sovereignty, most of those remaining in the Nation continued to resist. In December 1835, however, a small party of Cherokee signed the Treaty of New Echota. The agreement promised that the . . . — Map (db m39498) HM

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Oct. 29, 2020