“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
193 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 93 ⊳

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) Historical Markers

The first railroad in the Americas and for a time the world's longest railroad.
Transit and Trade Marker image, Touch for more information
By Devry Becker Jones, January 15, 2018
Transit and Trade Marker
1District of Columbia (Washington), Anacostia — 11 — Transit and TradeAn East-of-the-River View — Anacostia Heritage Trail —
The arrival of modern transportation after the Civil War transformed Anacostia. The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad opened a branch line along the river here in 1874, bringing industry. Two years later businessman and developer Henry Griswold . . . Map (db m130721) HM
2District of Columbia (Washington), Navy Yard — 1830Transportation Walk
Peter Cooper races his steam locomotive Tom Thumb against the horse-drawn B&O Railroad. Within a year, the B&O is an all-steam railroad.Map (db m112742) HM
3District of Columbia (Washington), NoMa/Sursum Corda — 1 — All Aboard!Hub, Home, Heart — Greater H Street NE Heritage Trail —
Union Station, across First Street, was the world’s largest railroad terminal when it opened in 1907. Its construction took five years and displaced hundreds of small houses and businesses. Architect Daniel Burnham’s Beaux-Arts masterpiece, . . . Map (db m71678) HM
4Illinois (Will County), Plainfield — Boxcars
As early as the 1830s the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad had invented the two-truck car. The design consisted of two sets of trucks or wheel housings, that held two axles each, for a total of eight wheels on each car. Springs were mounted in-between . . . Map (db m94153) HM
5Indiana (Daviess County), Washington — 14.1992.1 — Baltimore & Ohio Southwestern Railroad Depot
Mission Revival Style depot, built 1906, restored 1990; part of Washington Commercial Historic District. Link to city's trading and industrial history, with substantial railroad machine shops and car works. Indiana stop of former President Dwight D. . . . Map (db m23214) HM
6Indiana (Dearborn County), Lawrenceburg — LawrenceburghFirst in New Modes of Transportation — 1802 —
1802 - - Village of Lawrenceburgh founded in the Wilderness by Capt. Samuel C. Vance Commerce and travel are via the Ohio River. Pioneers constructed flatboats to carry goods to New Orleans Markets. The “Kaintucks” . . . Map (db m22029) HM
7Indiana (Knox County), Vincennes — Ellis Mansion
Abner Turner Ellis, a Borough President, Probate Judge, and State Senator, promoted the Charter of Ohio & Miss. R. R. (later a part of B & O) and was its first president. His stately home was built by John Moore about 1838. Abraham Lincoln . . . Map (db m23286) HM
8Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Church of St. Patrick, Cumberland
A log chapel dedicated to St. Mary was built on this site in 1791. The first parishioners were mostly English Catholics from Southern Maryland. A brick church replaced the log building in 1939. Cumberland became a major center of transportation and . . . Map (db m134394) HM
9Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Crossroads of America Mural
About this sign The outline drawing above represents the heritage-themed mural to your right. The mural is organized chronologically into sections. Each section is described here, with accompanying historic images.. . . . Map (db m140048) HM
10Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — CumberlandTown Map and Directory
Downtown Cumberland The Flood of March 29, 1924 inflicted almost $5 million worth of destruction in the City of Cumberland. Telephone, telegraph, roads and electric wires were washed away. Though not as bad, another flood occurred on May 12th . . . Map (db m139111) HM
11Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland
In 1749 Christopher Gist, an agent for the Ohio Company, arrived at the junction of the Wills Creek and the North Branch of the Potomac River to erect a trading post. In anticipation of the French and Indian War a fort was constructed in 1754 . . . Map (db m139113) HM
12Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Gateway Westward — Fort Cumberland Trail —
Will's Creek Settlement, later known as Cumberland, served as a major gateway for trade, military campaigns against the French, and settlement beyond the mountains in our growing nation. "The New Storehouses" of the Ohio Company were across the . . . Map (db m17783) HM
13Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland SurrendersBetween the Line — Gettysburg Campaign —
In June 1863, Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee ordered Gen. John D. Imboden to protect the army's left flank as it marched north through the Shenandoah Valley. Imboden was to draw Union forces into Hampshire County, West Virginia, and destroy . . . Map (db m139122) HM
14Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Cumberland Terminus: Yesterday and TodayChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
Independence Day, July 4th, 1828, would be an important day for Cumberland, Maryland. On that day, far to the east, the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad both broke ground. The finish line of these companies' race was the . . . Map (db m67478) HM
15Maryland (Allegany County), Cumberland — Irish Laborers
This monument was erected in memory of the Irish laborers who died building the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal and the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad 1828 – 1850Map (db m140190) HM
16Maryland (Allegany County), Lonaconing — The Early Years — Lonaconing, Maryland
Robert Moses "Lefty" Grove was born in the Charlestown section of Lonaconing, Md., on March 6, 1900, to John and Emma Catherine (Beeman) Grove. Raised in a coal mining community during times of desperate poverty, young Grove had to abandon his . . . Map (db m167364) HM
17Maryland (Baltimore), Downtown Baltimore — Wendel Bollman
Wendel Bollman, one of a handful of men who transformed bridge-building from an art into a science, was born on this site to German parents on January 21, 1814. Largely self-educated, Bollman acquired his engineering knowledge and experience at . . . Map (db m7038) HM
18Maryland (Baltimore), Inner Harbor — President Street StationErected 1842 A.D.
Here on April 19, 1861 at 11 A.M. the Sixth Regiment of Massachusetts Infantry commanded by Colonel Edward F. Jones, detrained on its way to the relief of Washington City. The first nine cars were safely drawn to the Camden Street Station of the . . . Map (db m60937) HM
19Maryland (Baltimore), Inner Harbor — WelcomeHeritage Walk
Discover Heritage Walk, a 3.2 mile walking trail through four fascinating centuries. Within a compact area, Heritage Walk connects some 20 historic sites and museums, traversing four city districts of remarkable diversity and significance. . . . Map (db m115215) HM
20Maryland (Baltimore), Jonestown — 1781 Friends Meeting House
The Friends Meeting House is the oldest religious building in Baltimore. In 1781, the Patapsco Friends Meeting, formerly located on Harford Road two miles north of the Inner Harbor, moved to this site. In 1784 a group of Quakers established a school . . . Map (db m6282) HM
21Maryland (Baltimore), Mid-Town Belvedere — Mount Royal StationIcon for the Industrial Age
A monument to the golden era of rail travel, the Mount Royal Station enjoys a special place in the history of Baltimore and the nation—the home of the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad and birthplace of American railroading. The history of . . . Map (db m103424) HM
22Maryland (Baltimore), Mid-Town Belvedere — Mount Royal StationPreserving-A Landmark For Artists
By the middle of the twentieth century, the Mount Royal Station fell victim to the rise of the automobile and the decline of passenger rail service nationwide. The historic building’s deterioration threatened the future of the Mount Royal area, . . . Map (db m103456) HM
23Maryland (Baltimore), Mount Vernon — Celebrating Culture: The Heart of the City / Contributing to Society: Baltimore's Best AddressMount Vernon Cultural Walk
Celebrating Culture: The Heart of the City Mount Vernon Place celebrates Baltimore’s rich cultural heritage, offering an extraordinary array of historic architecture, monuments, sculpture and cultural Institutions. The Washington Monument . . . Map (db m170979) HM
24Maryland (Baltimore), Mount Vernon — RevivalEst. 1929 — Mt. Vernon Place —
Hotel Revival stands in the historic district of Mount Vernon, a cultural hub and one of Baltimore's most iconic neighborhoods. Formerly a private mansion, 101 W. Monument St. was the house of John W. Garrett, founder of the B&O Railroad, . . . Map (db m131341) HM
25Maryland (Baltimore), Stadium Area — Baltimore Riot TrailLast Shots at Camden Station — Baltimore – A House Divided —
On April 19, 1861, Confederate sympathizers attacked the 6th Massachusetts Infantry Regiment as it changed trains en route to Washington, which the secessionists hoped to isolate. To learn more about the Baltimore Riot, the city’s role . . . Map (db m37538) HM
26Maryland (Baltimore), Stadium Area — Great Railroad Strike of 1877
The first national strike began July 16, 1877, with Baltimore and Ohio Railroad workers in Martinsburg, West Virginia, and Baltimore Maryland. It spread across the nation halting rail traffic and closing factories in reaction to widespread worker . . . Map (db m63862) HM
27Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — B&O No. 908"John T. Collinson"
Railroads built office cars for officials directors, stockholders, and other wealthy patrons as early as the 1840s. Used for right-of-way inspection trips and other business travel, these rolling offices provided an observation platform, . . . Map (db m135963) HM
28Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — B&O Railroad Museum
The National Railway Historical Society honors the B&O Railroad Museum on the 175th anniversary of beginning construction of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad on July 4, 1828 The museum is commended in its efforts to . . . Map (db m135945) HM
29Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Baltimore & Ohio RailroadThe Mount Clare Shops
You are standing on the site of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Mount Clare Shops, a large industrial complex critical to maintaining every aspect of the railroad’s daily operations. Because of their strategic importance, the shops were among . . . Map (db m60965) HM
30Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Camp CarrollThe War Came by Train
Located approximately one mile west along the B&O Railroad's right-of-way was the site of Baltimore's largest Civil War training camp. Known variously throughout the War as Camp Carroll and Camp Cheesebrough, it was located on property once owned . . . Map (db m135970) HM
31Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — CSX Corporation
This tablet is placed here in recognition of the enormous contribution made by CSX Corporation to the understanding and preservation of America's Railroad Legacy by its establishment of the B&O Railroad Museum as an independent and . . . Map (db m135947) HM
32Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — First Commercial Railroad Right-of-Way in AmericaThe War Came by Train
You are standing on the original right-of-way of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, the nations first commercial railroad to handle both freight and passenger service. This right-of-way stands on land donated to the railroad by James Carroll the . . . Map (db m135965) HM
33Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — James L. (Jim) Caskey, Jr.(1945-1999)
Jim Caskey, who lived at 523 Scott Street, served his Southwest Baltimore neighbors in many ways. He co-founded and long served as Treasurer of the South Baltimore Federal Credit Union, which for many years was located in this building, 788 . . . Map (db m103204) HM
34Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Main Line Electrification of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad (B&O) 1895IEEE Milestone in Electrical Engineering and Computing
On 27 June 1895, at the nearby Howard Street Tunnel, the B&O demonstrated the first electrified main line railroad, and commercial operation began four days later. The electrification involved designing, engineering, and constructing electric . . . Map (db m135948) HM
35Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Railroads Eclipse a National Road“Thus will scientific power conquer space.”
For several decades in the early 1800s, thousands of Conestoga Wagons, “ships of inland commerce,” ruled the National Road. With their sloping bodies, wheels taller than a man and six-horse teams skillfully maneuvered with a single . . . Map (db m5705) HM
36Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Site of Old Relay Station and HotelBaltimore & Ohio Railroad
Here in 1830, passengers on B&O horse-drawn cars stopped to eat at the Relay House. Meanwhile, the relays of horses were changed for the remainder of the 13 mile journey between Baltimore and Ellicott’s Mills, hence the name Relay. In 1835, a . . . Map (db m2502) HM
37Maryland (Baltimore), Washington Village/Pigtown — Working for the Railroad: Women
Prior to World War I, a small percentage of women worked for railroad companies as maids, car cleaners, and telegraph operators. The B&O hired its first women as car cleaners in 1855. As men left to fight overseas in the world wars however, the . . . Map (db m135944) HM
38Maryland (Baltimore), Wilhelm Park — Carrollton Viaduct
The Carrollton Viaduct carried the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad over the Gwynns Falls, its first malor stream crossing as it headed west from its Pratt Street terminus Completed in 1829, the 300-foot stone span is named for Charles Carroll of . . . Map (db m6391) HM
39Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Bringing Trade to Baltimore
"Make easy the way for them and then see what an influx of articles will be poured upon us." - George Washington, 1786 You are standing on the original roadbed of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad, North America's first common-carrier . . . Map (db m8874) HM
40Maryland (Baltimore County), Catonsville — Patapsco Superlative:"The Premiere Flour"
"Any Monday morning one could hear the beginnings of the stir of activity as the heavy machinery in the mill started to move, gather speed and settle into a steady rhythmic rumble which was maintained at the same rate day and night . . . Map (db m8871) HM
41Maryland (Baltimore County), Ellicott City — Ellicott’s Mills
Established 1772 by the three Ellicott brothers from Bucks County, Pennsylvania. They opened the road from here to Baltimore. The B. and O. R. R. was completed to this point May 20, 1830.Map (db m175) HM
42Maryland (Baltimore County), Halethorpe — The Relay House
On this site in 1830 a hotel with a waiting room and ticket office was built to serve passengers of the B & O Railroad. Here horses were changed for the final 5-mile trip to Ellicott Mills. Hence the name Relay House. As the B & O Railroad grew the . . . Map (db m103010) HM
43Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — A Rural Vacation Spot
Beginning in 1873, the picturesque Viaduct Station Hotel complimented the Thomas Viaduct. The Viaduct Hotel was built in the town of Relay as a rural vacation spot and a comfortable place for passangers to change trains. The hotel was a forerunner . . . Map (db m8833) HM
44Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — Masterpiece of the Early B&O Railroad
Before you stands the thomas Viaduct, named after Philip E. Thomas, the first president of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad. This unique bridge has become an enduring symbol of the B&O Railroad and the Patapsco Valley, surviving several floods and . . . Map (db m8834) HM
45Maryland (Baltimore County), Relay — The Thomas Viaduct
Front Commenced, July 4th, 1833. Finished, July 4th, 1835. Rear Johnathan Knight, Chief Engineer Caspar W. Wever, Superintendent of Construction. Designed by Benjamin H. Latrobe. . . . Map (db m127) HM
46Maryland (Frederick County), Brunswick — BrunswickCanal Towns
The Baltimore & Ohio Railroad The Railroad… Past and Present The railroad arrived in 1834, but its major impact on the town of Berlin (as it was then known) occurred fifty years later when the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) . . . Map (db m103428) HM
47Maryland (Frederick County), Brunswick — Train No. 286 Bell Memorial
(below the window) Preserve the memory of train crew by ringing this bell for Ricky, Jimmy and Jim. (above the window) The bricks which make up the base of the bell memorial came from the B & O roundhouse that once stood in . . . Map (db m1981) HM
48Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — B & O Railroad Station"No malice in my heart" — Antietam Campaign —
At this intersection, President Abraham Lincoln spoke from a railroad car platform to Frederick residents assembled in the street on October 4, 1862. He had just returned from viewing the battlefields of South Mountain and Antietam and had called on . . . Map (db m60166) HM
49Maryland (Frederick County), Frederick — The Lower Depot Neighborhood / The Frederick Brick Works
(North Facing Side): The Lower Depot Neighborhood The railroad transformed 19th century America, facilitating long-distance travel and the efficient transfer of raw materials to factories and agricultural and manufactured goods to markets. . . . Map (db m2823) HM
50Maryland (Frederick County), Mount Airy — The Mount Airy Rail YardHistoric Downtown Mount Airy
This site was once the Mount Airy rail yard. Passenger trains stopped here to pick up and drop off passengers at the Mount Airy Station. Children from Watersville and other nearby communities would ride the train to attend school in Mount Airy. . . . Map (db m98471) HM
51Maryland (Frederick County), Mount Airy — The Mount Airy StationBuilt in 1875 and Enlarged in 1882 — Historic Downtown Mount Airy —
The Mount Airy Railroad Station was designed by the famed train and train station designer E. Francis Baldwin. It was built by the B&O Railroad, and served the railroad from 1875 until August 15, 1957. Afterwards, it provided space for a number . . . Map (db m98470) HM
52Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Battle at Point of Rocks
This [railroad] company was met by the most decided and inveterate opposition, on the part of the Chesapeake and Ohio Canal Company. Philip E. Thomas, President, Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Company The proximity of railroad tracks by the . . . Map (db m7661) HM
53Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Lockhouse 28
Completed in 1837, Lockhouse 28 stands where fierce competition between the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad brought both to a standstill. Both sides fought long and hard in the race to reach the Ohio River valley and control mid-Atlantic western . . . Map (db m100779) HM
54Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksConfederates Capture Train — Gettysburg Campaign —
In mid-June 1863, with rumors of a pending reinvasion of Maryland by Confederate forces, most Baltimore and Ohio trains stopped running past here. As tension mounted, the New York Times reported that no trains were departing Baltimore, “except . . . Map (db m743) HM
55Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksPoint of Rocks During the War
The rail line immediately before you served as an important means of supply and communication during the Civil War (the station, and tracks to Washington, D.C., on the southern or right side of the station were built later). Here at Point of Rocks, . . . Map (db m744) HM
56Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksChesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park — National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior —
In 1832, Point of Rocks served as the western terminus for the C&O Canal and the B&O Railroad. This was not deliberate, but the result of competition as the transportation pioneers wrangled in court for rights to the narrow passage between the . . . Map (db m59743) HM
57Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksA "Landmark" Community — Canal Towns • Point of Rocks —
The "Point of Rocks" has long served as a distinguishing landmark along the Potomac River. Native Americans, and later colonial settlers and traders, used the vicinity as a home and transportation corridor. River transportation and improvements . . . Map (db m168024) HM
58Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksThe C&O Canal — Canal Towns • Point of Rocks —
The Chesapeake & Ohio Canal was an ambitious project to provide access from the east coast into the rapidly developing western areas of the United States. Construction on the C&O Canal began July 4, 1828. It originated in Georgetown (Washington, . . . Map (db m168027) HM
59Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksChanges Over Time — Canal Towns • Point of Rocks —
The "Point of Rocks" has long served as a distinguishing natural feature for Native Americans residing and traveling through the region. Until the Treaty of Albany in 1722, including English state representatives and Iroquois Nations, the area . . . Map (db m168028) HM
60Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of Rocks
The B&O rail line served as an important means of supply and communication during the Civil War (the station and tracks to Washington, D.C., on the southern or right side of the station were built later). At Point of Rocks, the Baltimore & . . . Map (db m168030) HM
61Maryland (Frederick County), Point of Rocks — Point of RocksThe B&O Railroad — Canal Towns • Point of Rocks —
The arrival of the B&O Railroad in Point of Rocks would have a major impact on the future development of the town. The first train arrived on April 23, 1832, and Point of Rocks remained the terminus of the Old Main Line for three years. Continued . . . Map (db m168032) HM
62Maryland (Garrett County), Deer Park — Cleveland Cottage
President Grover Cleveland and his bride, the former Frances Folsom, arrived here the day following their White House wedding on June 2, 1886. They spent their honeymoon at this Deer Park Hotel cottage.Map (db m470) HM
63Maryland (Garrett County), Deer Park — Deer Park Hotel
Built by the B&O Railroad, opened July 4, 1873 and operated until 1929. Razed 1942. This was one of the most exclusive mountain resorts in the east. Many nationally prominent people, including four United States Presidents, were guests here.Map (db m5413) HM
64Maryland (Garrett County), Friendsville — 13 — The Railroad Era and Hotels
The Confluence and Oakland Railroad (C&O) was completed between Confluence, PA and Friendsville. Upon completion, it was leased to the B&O Railroad for 99 years. In Confluence it connected with the B&O Baltimore, Pittsburgh and Chicago Railways. . . . Map (db m134353) HM
65Maryland (Garrett County), Mountain Lake Park — You Were Gone Before We Knew ItThe Children’s Monument
No long farewell embraces, No time to say goodbye, You were gone before we knew it. And no matter how we try, Our tears can’t build a stairway, Nor our memories a lane, That reaches up to Heaven, To bring you home again. So with . . . Map (db m480) HM
66Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — 1884 Oakland Train Station
Given the architectural design term "Queen Ann Style" by its architect E. Francis Baldwin, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad's "1884 Oakland Train Station" is the third building to occupy this location. The first station was a small, square two-story . . . Map (db m399) HM
67Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — 1955 B&O Railroad Caboose
This 1955 B&O Railroad Caboose was donated to the Town of Oakland by the B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, Md. In 2013/2014 it was fully restored, inside and out, by Alexander Jacob Savopoulos, a member of Boy Scout Troop #22, as his Eagle Scout . . . Map (db m153142) HM
68Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — A Bit of History - The Fireside
The large stone fireplace that now stands like a sentinel along the railroad tracks is a solitary reminder of Oakland's colorful hey-day. In the late 1800’s the area from here to the B&O station was a virtual beehive of activity. With twelve . . . Map (db m488) HM
69Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — B&O Mile Marker
from Deer Park Hotel Grounds B 227 (Baltimore 227 Miles) W 152 (Wheeling 152 Miles)Map (db m153135) HM
70Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Fort AliceRailroad Bridge Destroyed
On April 26, 1863, during the Confederate occupation of Oakland, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad bridge here over the Youghiogheny River. They were part of a larger group . . . Map (db m481) HM
71Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Garrett Memorial Church(St. Matthew’s Episcopal Church)
Directly behind you, John W. Garrett built Garrett Memorial Church in 1869 as a memorial to his brother Henry S. Garrett who died in 1867. The site was originally chosen by his brother for a church, but he died before steps could be taken to build . . . Map (db m467) HM
72Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — OaklandConfederate Railroad Raid
On Sunday, April 26, 1863, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill's partisan rangers under Col. A. W. Harman attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad facilities here in Oakland. They were part of Confederate Gen. William E. . . . Map (db m485) HM
73Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Oakland, the B&O, and the Jones/Imboden Raid
In many ways the Town of Oakland owes its early development as one of Garrett County's largest towns and as the county seat to the arrival of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. In 1851 the railroad meandered through the Youghiogheny Glades on its way . . . Map (db m153147) HM
74Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Our Benefactors
When the Oakland B&O Museum was established in 2013 the organizers hoped some day to acquire an authentic steam locomotive for display in front of the 1884 Oakland Train Station. This dream came to fruition in 2017/2018, beginning with a surprise . . . Map (db m153139) HM
75Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Railroad Street
In the late 1800's there were twelve passenger trains a day stopping at the Oakland train station, and hordes of vacationers flooding the town. Perhaps the busiest section of Oakland was Railroad Street, which ran parallel to the tracks between . . . Map (db m167585) HM
76Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Rasche Blacksmith Shop
On this site in 1851 stood the blacksmith shop operated by Henry August Rasche, then in the employ of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. The B & O line was at the time being extended through Oakland, Allegany County, Maryland, westward into Preston . . . Map (db m68878) HM
77Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Site of Oakland Hotel
Built in 1875 by B&O Railroad as a copy of the Deer Park Hotel. Closed 1907, razed 1911.Map (db m153133) HM
78Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — The Glades Hotel
Facing the railroad tracks directly in front of you was the Glades Hotel. Deriving its name from the nearby area called “Youghiogheny Glades,” the Glades Hotel was built in the mid-1850’s by Perry Lyle directly across the tracks from . . . Map (db m468) HM
79Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — The Oakland Hotel
Early in the 1870's, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad realized an asset to its passenger train service would be having a resort hotel in this area. First, it built the Deer Park Hotel in 1873, which proved so successful that in 1875 they started . . . Map (db m68876) HM
80Maryland (Garrett County), Oakland — Tradition of Washington Spring
The flat land beside the little Youghiogheny River on the western edge of Oakland has two items of historic interest. First, it contains a spring, and according to tradition, George Washington stopped at the spring on the morning of September 26, . . . Map (db m68806) HM
81Maryland (Garrett County), Swanton — AltamontConfederate Railroad Raid
On April 26, 1863, a detachment of Confederate Capt. John H. McNeill’s partisan rangers attacked the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad facilities here at Altamont. They were part of a larger group that entered Oakland that Sunday as Confederate Gen. . . . Map (db m37544) HM
82Maryland (Howard County), Elkridge — Elkridge Furnace Inn"Neighborhood Parlor" for Healing
On May 5, 1861, U.S. Gen. Benjamin F. Butler occupied Relay, Maryland, with the 8th New York and 6th Massachusetts Infantry Regiments and Cook's Boston Battery of light artillery. Their mission was to prevent Confederate sympathizers from . . . Map (db m5876) HM
83Maryland (Howard County), Elkridge — Elkridge LandingGrowth and Prosperity, 1800-1900
Elkridge During the Nineteenth Century The nineteenth century began with economic decline before years of rapid growth and prosperity transformed Elkridge. During the eighteenth century, the Patapsco River served as the economic lifeblood of . . . Map (db m150571) HM
84Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — B&O Railroad StationKeep Supplies Moving
One of the first railroads in the country, constructed in 1830 of wooden rails that carried horse-drawn cars, extended from Baltimore to Ellicott's Mills. This station was built the next year, and soon steel rails replaced wooden ones as the . . . Map (db m29961) HM
85Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — B&O Railroad StationKeep Supplies Moving
When the Civil War began, the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad became a vital transportation route for the Federal armies, with men and supplies passing by this station day and night. To protect the line, local businessman Thomas McGowan raised the . . . Map (db m144727) HM
86Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Ellicott City Station, 1831The B&O Railroad Museum
The Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad's Ellicott City complex was the heart and soul of a bustling industrial and agricultural community once known as Ellicott’s Mills. The railroad built several structures on or near the site, including Oliver . . . Map (db m112255) HM
87Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Patapsco Female Institute"The Female Institute—oh my!!"
The Patapsco Female Institute—served the young ladies of the North and South from 1837 to 1890. Almira Hart Lincoln Phelps, a renowned author and educator was Principal between 1841 and 1856. Concerned with the increasing division of the country . . . Map (db m187498) HM
88Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Road Versus RailsThe Rivalry Begins — The Historic National Road - The Road That Built The Nation —
Ellicott City’s Main Street is the National Pike, part of the road system that moved Americans west. Only two decades after the road was constructed, a new transportation rival appeared. In 1831, America’s first railroad, the Baltimore & Ohio, . . . Map (db m720) HM
89Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — The Freight House
Designed by noted architect E. Francis Baldwin and constructed in 1885, the Freight House served as a loading platform and storage room for freight. Materials were transferred in and out of the building on Maryland Avenue using a wooden platform. . . . Map (db m144728) HM
90Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Turntable & TrackEllicott City Station
The single set of tracks outside the museum’s fence was the original right-of-way of the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad. Now owned by CSX Transportation, this right-of-way has been in continuous use since 1830. For many years there were two sets . . . Map (db m112291) HM
91Maryland (Howard County), Ellicott City — Turntable & Track
The single set of tracks outside the museum's fence was the original right-of-way for the Baltimore & Ohio (B&O) Railroad. Now owned by CSX Transportation, this right-of-way has been in continuous use since 1830. A second set of tracks was added in . . . Map (db m144726) HM
92Maryland (Howard County), Savage — Bollman Iron Truss Bridge1869
Spanning the Little Patuxent River is the sole surviving example of the bridging system invented, 1850, by Wendel Bollman, Baltimore engineer. It was the first system, entirely of iron, used by the Baltimore and Ohio railroad and the first in . . . Map (db m123610) HM
93Maryland (Montgomery County), Bethesda — The Georgetown Branch Railroad
The Capital Crescent Trail follows the route of an old railroad line called the Georgetown Branch of the Baltimore and Ohio (B&O). It's all that remains of an unrealized attempt by the B&O to construct a major rail link between the . . . Map (db m83) HM
94Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad StationBuilt: 1884
The Gaithersburg Railroad Station and freight house were built in 1884 as handsome replacements for the adjacent small frame structure which served as a freight depot when the Metropolitan Branch of the B & O Railroad was extended to Gaithersburg . . . Map (db m1039) HM
95Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — Chestnut/Meem Historic DistrictDesignated November 17, 1997 — By the City of Gaithersburg Historic District Commission —
Martha Meem's 200 Acres, part of the 1793 Zoar Land Grant, was further subdivided as Meem's subdivision in 1896. The district preserves late 19th and 20th century structures, along with the Metropolitan Branch of the B&O Railroad, which drove town . . . Map (db m101847) HM
96Maryland (Montgomery County), Gaithersburg — The Gaithersburg Wye
You are standing on the historic site of The Gaithersburg Wye, situated on 2.25 acres adjacent to the Metropolitan Branch of the old Baltimore and Ohio Railroad. This railroad is currently known as the CSX. The Gaithersburg Wye . . . Map (db m141319) HM
97Maryland (Montgomery County), Garrett Park — Garrett Park Waiting Room
In 1989, this passenger waiting room was taken down from its location in Landover, MD., and brought to this site and re-assembled by the Montgomery County Conservation Corps. On behalf of the citizens of Garrett Park, the Mayor and Town Council . . . Map (db m219) HM
98Maryland (Montgomery County), Garrett Park — Garrett Park, Md.Incorporated 1898
In 1887, the Metropolitan Investment and Building Company laid out the town, named after Robert W. Garrett, President of the B. & O. Railroad. It was to be primarily residential, a short commuter train ride to Washington, D.C. Now, over one hundred . . . Map (db m218) HM
99Maryland (Montgomery County), Germantown — Reflections of Old Germantown
This lane of trees once led to the Madeline Waters House, built by Lloyd Dorsey in 1902 (see historic marker on Wisteria Drive north of Maryland Route 118). This house was typical of villa-style homes built on the outskirts of rural railroad towns . . . Map (db m69348) HM
100Maryland (Montgomery County), Kensington — Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Bridge Abutment
Across Beach Drive, three hundred yards from this recreation building is a stone abutment, all that remains of a Bollman truss bridge, originally 450 feet long and 70 feet high, used by America's first railroad, the Baltimore and Ohio. Chartered . . . Map (db m184470) HM

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May. 21, 2022