“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Historical Markers and War Memorials in Medina County, Texas

Clickable Map of Medina County, Texas and Immediately Adjacent Jurisdictions image/svg+xml 2019-10-06 U.S. Census Bureau, Abe.suleiman; Lokal_Profil;; J.J.Prats/dc:title> Medina County, TX (49) Atascosa County, TX (40) Bandera County, TX (33) Bexar County, TX (267) Frio County, TX (10) Uvalde County, TX (46) Zavala County, TX (8)  MedinaCounty(49) Medina County (49)  AtascosaCounty(40) Atascosa County (40)  BanderaCounty(33) Bandera County (33)  BexarCounty(267) Bexar County (267)  FrioCounty(10) Frio County (10)  UvaldeCounty(46) Uvalde County (46)  ZavalaCounty(8) Zavala County (8)
Adjacent to Medina County, Texas
    Atascosa County (40)
    Bandera County (33)
    Bexar County (267)
    Frio County (10)
    Uvalde County (46)
    Zavala County (8)
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1Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 131 — Alsatians of Texas
In 1842, Empresario Henry Castro brought his first colonists to Texas to settle land west of the Medina River. Most of the immigrants were from the Rhine River area of Europe. Many claimed the province of Alsace, on the border of France and Germany, . . . Map (db m79054) HM
2Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 1724 — First County Courthouse
Erected 1854; first permanent courthouse in Castroville, the first seat (1848-1892) of Medina County. When built, structure was on old road to San Antonio. This building took place of temporary office space which County Court had used 6 . . . Map (db m130157) HM
3Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 17849 — General Wool and the Chihuahua Road
In 1846, General John Ellis Wool amassed an army of 3,400 troops in San Antonio to invade Chihuahua, Mexico. Departing from Camp Crockett crossing the Medina River and passing through Castroville and Quihi, Wool’s plans changed after receiving . . . Map (db m130158) HM
4Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 2439 — Henri Castro(July 17, 1786 - November 3, 1865)
Henri Castro, a native of Bayonne, France, and the descendant of Portuguese nobility, served briefly in Napoleon's French Army. In 1813 he married Marie Amelia Mathias. He later immigrated to the United States and in 1827 became a naturalized U.S. . . . Map (db m130159) HM
5Texas (Medina County), Castroville — Landmark Inn Complex
These limestone structures along the Eagle Pass - San Antonio road at the Medina River ford were once centers of trade, travel, industry, and domestic life. Alsatian colonist Michel Simon settled here in 1844, followed by Caesar Monod, who built a . . . Map (db m130395) HM
6Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 3506 — Moye
Named for the Rev. John Martin Moye, founder (1762) of the Sisters of Divine Providence, religious order that opened school in Castroville in 1868, and built first part of this structure in 1873: first mother house of the order in the United . . . Map (db m116588) HM
7Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 4933 — Site of the Homestead of Henri Castro
Henri Castro (1786-1861), a naturalized American of French origin, befriended the Republic of Texas and became interested in settling here. In 1842 he was given authority to establish a colony of Europeans in Southwest Texas. He succeeded in . . . Map (db m130155) HM
8Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 5051 — St. Louis Catholic Church
Planned, according to tradition, by the Rev. Peter Richard, pastor who came from Loire, France, 1868. First (1847-51) resident pastor, the Most Rev. Claude Dubuis, returned as Bishop of Texas to lay cornerstone on July 2, 1868. Locally . . . Map (db m130396) HM
9Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 5054 — St. Louis Day
Since as early as 1847 residents of Castroville have conducted a community holiday on or about the 25th of August--the Catholic observance of the Feast of St. Louis. Local tradition recalls that early processions escorted clergy from the priests' . . . Map (db m79053) HM
10Texas (Medina County), Castroville — Vance Hotel and Store
Constructed in 1849 with local limestone, mortar, and cypress lumber, this building includes elements of Alsatian domestic architecture found in Castroville. The 18-inch-thick walls were originally coated with a whitewashed lime plaster, while split . . . Map (db m130394) HM
11Texas (Medina County), Castroville — 12327 — Zion Evangelical Lutheran Church
Many of the German settlers who arrived here in the 1840s were Lutherans who kept their religious traditions by meeting for worship in their homes. The Rev. Christian Oefinger sailed from Bremen, Germany, arriving in Galveston. From there he made . . . Map (db m130156) HM
12Texas (Medina County), Devine — Charco de la Pita
Within one mile of this site was the famed camping place Charco de la Pita. It was located along the Old Pita Road, the first road in Texas. The Pita Road extended from the San Juan Bautista mission, some 25 miles down the Rio Grande from present . . . Map (db m130397) HM
13Texas (Medina County), Devine — 1213 — Devine Evergreen Cemetery
Although a fire destroyed the earliest written records of this burial ground, it is known that the first graves are those of Elisha Whitley and Henry McCray who were killed by hostile Indians in 1872. Another early grave is that of Isaac Galbreath . . . Map (db m162659) HM
14Texas (Medina County), Devine — 1214 — Devine Lodge, No. 590A.F. & A.M.
Chartered by the Grand Lodge of Texas on Dec. 12, 1884, this Masonic body first met on the second floor of Josh Herring's store at Commercial Dr. and Herring Ave. John Redus, who was instrumental in the formation of the lodge, served as the first . . . Map (db m162658) HM
15Texas (Medina County), Devine — 1627 — First Baptist Church of Devine
This congregation, founded in 1882 by the Rev. D. Johnson, the Rev. C.B. Hukill, and 35 charter members, was the first church organized in Devine. The congregation met under a prominent oak tree in town and in a local school building before . . . Map (db m162657) HM
16Texas (Medina County), Devine — 2884 — Judge Thomas J. Devine
Born in Nova Scotia. Came to Texas in 1843. Became District Judge, 1851. On the powerful Public Safety Committee of the Texas Secession Convention, 1861. Named with Samuel A. Maverick and Philip N. Luckett to take possession of the federal . . . Map (db m162655) HM
17Texas (Medina County), Devine — Moore Family CemeteryHistorical Area
Moore Family Cemetery One half mile northeast is the Moore family cemetery. Daniel Boone Moore, father of famed Indian fighter, Lon Moore, and cousin to Daniel Boone, is buried there. Moore settled on Hondo Creek in 1852. Rock . . . Map (db m162714) HM
18Texas (Medina County), Devine — 4997 — Spanish Exploration in Medina County
By 1531 Spain ruled present Mexico, Central America, the Caribbean, half of South America, and much of the United States. The desire to claim new lands north of the Rio Grande led to continuous Spanish expeditions through present Texas during the . . . Map (db m130162) HM
19Texas (Medina County), Devine — 5140 — Stroud's Blacksmith Shop
Joe Stroud (1877-1966) came here from Bigfoot in 1903, and established a blacksmith shop on this site, continuing in the craft learned from his father. Stroud soon became known throughout the southwest for his branding irons, and had a reputation . . . Map (db m162648) HM
20Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — 12143 — D'Hanis
In 1847, Henri Castro established D'Hanis, his fourth colony, 1.5 miles east of this site. Named for a Castro Company official. Alsatian immigrants endured great hardship to build a community that thrived for over 30 years. In 1881, when the . . . Map (db m117851) HM
21Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — Fort Lincoln
When the war with Mexico ended in 1848, the U.S. established a series of forts along the Rio Grande to secure the border. Simultaneously, a "first line of frontier forts" were built from Fort Worth southward through this area to defend settlers . . . Map (db m155970) HM
22Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — 12357 — J.M. Koch's Hotel
J.M. and Mary Ann Koch owned and operated a hotel in D'Hanis beginning in 1898. They purchased the land on this site in July 1902, and built this hotel in 1906. Reportedly constructed by Chinese railroad laborers, it is built of early bricks from . . . Map (db m64488) HM
23Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — Richarz Cemetery
Captain Heinrich Joseph Richarz established this cemetery in 1905. A native of Prussia, He and his family arrived in Texas in 1850. After a brief stay in Bexar County, the family moved to Fort Lincoln, residing for a time in quarters once occupied . . . Map (db m158295) HM
24Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — 4718 — Site of Saint Dominic Catholic Church and Cemetery
Congregation formed in 1847 with founding of D'Hanis Colony by settlers from Alsace, France. In 1853, when town became a mission parish, limestone church was built, using timber hauled by ox-wagon from Medina River. Sandstone extension . . . Map (db m155966) HM
25Texas (Medina County), D'Hanis — 5526 — Town of D'HanisNow Known as Old D'Hanis
​ Established in 1847 by 29 families under the leadership of Theodore Gentilz, representing Henri Castro (1781...1861), distinguished pioneer and colonizer of Texas who introduced the early settlers of Medina County. Named in honor of . . . Map (db m155969) HM
26Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 332 — Battle of the Arroyo Hondo
In 1842 the Mexican Army launched three invasions into Texas to reclaim territory lost during the Texas Revolution. Col. Rafael Vasquez's Army briefly occupied San Antonio in March, and in July Texans fought with Col. Antonio Canales' forces near . . . Map (db m81867) HM
27Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 1934 — Fohn-Bless Store
Store-residence built in D'Hanis about 1878 by John Fohn (1839-91), a native of Prussia. In addition to a general mercantile store, the structure was also the site of D'Hanis elections and a Justice of the Peace Court. In 1897, Rolf Frerichs . . . Map (db m162641) HM
28Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 12144 — Hondo
Spanish explorers passed this way several times in the centuries preceding Anglo settlement of the area. The original village that would become Hondo was situated on "El Arroyo Hondo," named by the Spanish. Permanent settlers to the area began . . . Map (db m5779) HM
29Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 2549 — Hondo Methodist Church
Early Methodist settlers in this area worshipped under a live oak tree on the banks of the Hondo Creek. The Methodists organized as a church in 1857 and held services in a log hut. A church/Masonic lodge was built on ten acres of land given to the . . . Map (db m130152) HM
30Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 3068 — Leinweber Building
Built in 1907 for Ernest Roland Leinweber (1869-1922), a prominent Hondo businessman, this three-story commercial building was constructed by prolific South Texas contractor Gus Birkner, who also participated in the construction of the Texas State . . . Map (db m162638) HM
31Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 3242 — Masonic Cemeteryof Hondo Valley Lodge No. 252, A.F.& A.M.
In 1859, a decade after Medina County was created, Freemasons and others in the New Fountain Settlement built a 2-story stone church-lodge hall at this site. Hondo Valley Lodge No. 252, A.F. & A.M., was chartered in 1860. The Masonic Cemetery . . . Map (db m155385) HM
32Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 16070 — Medina County
. . . Map (db m130154) HM
33Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 3313 — Medina County Courthouse
Medina County was organized in 1848 with Castroville as the county seat. In 1892, as the result of an election, the seat of county administration was relocated to Hondo City (now Hondo). The Commissioners Court immediately ordered a courthouse to be . . . Map (db m5777) HM
34Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 3418 — Mission Valley
Following Texas Emancipation in 1865, many freed slaves remained in this area on their former masters' farms. By 1869 Blacks had organized a church and a school on the north bank of Hondo Creek (about 2 Mi. N). Beginning in 1876, landowner L.L. . . . Map (db m162635) HM
35Texas (Medina County), Hondo — Old Medina County Jail
Designed and built in 1893 for $15,000 by the firm of Martin, Byrnes & Johnston, which was then constructing the County Courthouse. This building, designed in the crenellated, round-arch castle style with rock-faced Texas limestone, was an image . . . Map (db m162650) HM
36Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 5040 — Saint John The Evangelist Catholic Church
Constructed of Seco brick in 1912, this is the second church structure to serve the Catholic community in Hondo. Designed by San Antonio architect Fred Bowen Gaenslen, it was built by Alfred R. Wottlin during the pastorate of the Rev. J.J. Meyers. . . . Map (db m162643) HM
37Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 4988 — Southern Pacific Depotof Hondo
​The first rail line reached this area in 1881 and town lots were sold that year for Hondo City. The line was built by the Galveston, Harrisburg and San Antonio Railway. It connected with the Southern Pacific System building east from . . . Map (db m155609) HM
38Texas (Medina County), Hondo — Stephen F. Austin Memorial Oak Tree
This tree planted on April 15, 2004 was grown from an acorn harvested from the live oak tree located on the site of Stephen F. Austin's death near present-day West Columbia, Texas. Under that large tree, a Texas Historical Monument marks the place . . . Map (db m5778) HM
39Texas (Medina County), Hondo — 5639 — Vandenburg
Located on the banks of Verde Creek (Arroyo Verde), Vandenburg, founded in 1846, was one of the colonies established by Empresario Henri Castro. Immigrants settled nearby and began farming. They dug a trench eight feet wide by six feet deep to . . . Map (db m79257) HM
40Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 397 — Bethlehem Lutheran Church
​ The Rev. Christian Oefinger, serving as pastor of the Castroville Lutheran Church, led in founding this congregation in March 1852. The first church building was dedicated in 1854, coincidental with a synod convention held in Castroville. . . . Map (db m155705) HM
41Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 5 — Bethlehem Lutheran ChurchThe Present Sanctuary
Sometime in the latter part of 1912, the original stone sanctuary of the congregation was struck by lightening during a storm and damaged. At a congregational meeting in January of 1913, members voted to postpone any repairs to the building. On . . . Map (db m155851) HM
42Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 7 — Early New Fountain Community
Ebenezer Methodist Church of New Fountain Immigrants from Germany and Alsace Lorraine settled New Fountain and vicinity, during the late 1840's. New Fountain was located somewhat centrally on the Verde Creek about 2 miles west of Quihi in an . . . Map (db m164359) HM
43Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 15694 — General Woll's Road
In 1842, there were two major invasions of Texas by Mexican troops. Active Brigade General Adrian Woll was ordered to lead the second of the two expeditions into Texas in order to capture San Antonio. Woll ordered Brevet Col. Jose Maria Carrasco . . . Map (db m155707) HM
44Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 3580 — New Fountain United Methodist Church
This region, known as Soldaten Kemp (soldiers' camp) for its history as a rendezvous point for frontier military patrols, freighters and others on the San Antonio Road, was home to many German immigrants by the mid-19th century. The Rev. . . . Map (db m155699) HM
45Texas (Medina County), Quihi — Quihi Bethlehem Lutheran Church Cemetery
Early settlers to the Quihi area came from Germany, primarily Wuertemberg, Hanover, Alsace, Baden, and East Frisia. They were predominately Christian, and their Christian faith was a tremendous help in getting through the many difficulties and . . . Map (db m164354) HM
46Texas (Medina County), Quihi — 5537 — Town of Quihi
Surveyed in October, 1844 by Henri Castro 1781---1861 Distinguished pioneer and colonizer of Texas Established in March, 1845 by ten families in charge of Louis Huth, agent for Castro Many settlers were killed by . . . Map (db m64185) HM
47Texas (Medina County), Yancey — 5217 — Tehuacana Cemetery
Original 1.86 acre site given by James E. and Amanda R. Bandy. First burial was in 1875. Community acquired adjoining 3.6 acres in 1880 for a log church and a day, writing, and music school; added 6.2 acres in 1881 for a frame parsonage and church . . . Map (db m162646) HM
48Texas (Medina County), Yancey — 12556 — Yancey United Methodist Church
Completed in 1925, this church building resulted from the combination of two neighboring Methodist congregations. Circuit-riding Methodist preacher A.J. Potter began holding services in a log schoolhouse south of Yancey in 1875. That congregation . . . Map (db m162644) HM
49Texas (Medina County), Yancey — Yancey, Texas
Yancey is one of the small, historic and unincorporated communities in Medina County. Named for sons of the original townsite's owners, Yancey Kilgore and Yancey Strait, the community was known as "Tehuacana" or "Moss" in earlier times. In . . . Map (db m162661) HM
May. 16, 2021