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Cheboygan County Michigan Historical Markers

 
Cheboygan's Beginnings Marker (<i>wide view; mural in background</i>) image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, July 23, 2018
Cheboygan's Beginnings Marker (wide view; mural in background)
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — Cheboygan's Beginnings — The Name "Cheboygan"
The name "Cheboygan" probably comes from the Annishinaabe or Chippewa word "zhiibaa'onaii," meaning a channel or passage for a canoe. This mural depicts some of the earliest known individuals to have made Cheboygan home during its beginnings. . . . — Map (db m121797) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — Cheboygan's Beginnings — "The Pipe"
The Pipe: Voyageurs often smoked white clay pipes as they travelled the waters of the Great Lakes region in their large freight-hauling canoes. Bodies of water were known as a "two-pipe lake" or "five-pipe crossing" depending on the number of . . . — Map (db m121799) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — Cheboygan's Beginnings — Huron Shore Trail
Huron Shore Trail follows the geologic Algonquin Beach Ridge formation along the western shore of Lake Huron from the Straits of Mackinac to Saginaw Bay. For centuries this trail was the primary travel route for Chippewa people travelling . . . — Map (db m121805) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — Cheboygan's Beginnings — Voyageurs
Huron Shore Trail follows the geologic Algonquin Beach Ridge formation along the western shore of Lake Huron from the Straits of Mackinac to Saginaw Bay. For centuries this trail was the primary travel route for Chippewa people travelling . . . — Map (db m121887) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — Cheboygan's Beginnings — The "Welcome"
River mouth and cattail marsh: Captain Samuel Robertson wrote in the 1770s, "…the most safest place near Michilimackinac [Mackinac Island] for wintering vessels is the River Shaboygan, there is six feet water upon the Barr, the River is about . . . — Map (db m121888) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — L2056 — Jail and Sheriff's Residence
(side 1) This structure served as the Cheboygan County sheriff’s residence and jail from 1880 to 1969. The building originally had seven cells. Faced with overcrowding, the county built an additional sixteen cells in 1912. During the . . . — Map (db m121800) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Cheboygan — L417 — Old Cheboygan County Courthouse
When Cheboygan County was organized in 1853, the courthouse was located in Duncan (now a part of the city of Cheboygan). In 1860 the county board of supervisors moved the county seat to Inverness Township and purchased this property from Bela . . . — Map (db m121798) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Indian River — 127 — Inland Waterway
The glaciers of the last Ice Age retreated to the north some 25,000 years ago, leaving behind the lakes that rank as Michigan's most notable geographical feature. Among the state's largest inland lakes is Burt Lake, named after William A. Burt, who, . . . — Map (db m33247) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 39 — British Colonial Farm 1774 - 1780 — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
John Askin arrived in America in 1758 at the age of 20. Upon arrival, he joined the British army and was stationed at Albany, in the New York colony. There he began a lucrative trading business in the Great Lakes region. Askin arrived at Fort . . . — Map (db m135161) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Building Mighty Mac
The Mackinac Bridge is constructed of three segments – at each end is a post-supported truss bridge and in the center is a suspension bridge segment. This bridge was the longest suspension bridge in the world for decades after its . . . — Map (db m107135) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Chief Wawatam — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Railroad construction across America boomed in the second half of the 1800s, spurred on by technological improvements and demand for distant products. Getting rail cars across the Straits required special boats. Railroads were completed on . . . — Map (db m105945) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Chief Wawatam — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Chief Wawatam, an Ojibway Indian living at the Straits of Mackinac, befriended the British fur trader Alexander Henry as a brother. During the Indian attack on Fort Michilimackinac in 1763, Wawatam protected his friend and cared for him as a member . . . — Map (db m131697) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Edgar Conkling 1812-1881 — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Founder of Mackinaw City Presented at the dedication of the statue of Edgar Conkling by Jerry Prior in Conkling Heritage Park Edgar was born in New York during the War of 1812, while Mackinaw City was still a British territory. He was raised . . . — Map (db m131698) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 11 — Fort Michilimackinac
Around 1715 Constant Le Marchand de Lignery established Fort Michilimackinac for the French at the site of a Jesuit mission. During the next fifty years as France and Great Britain struggled for control of the fur trade in the Great Lakes region, . . . — Map (db m131748) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 40 — French House Ruin, 1765 - 1781 — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Fort Michilimackinac's population grew after British arrival in 1761. After the successful Indian attack on the fort on June 2, 1763, British authorities moved much of the fur-trading community outside the fort. Started in 1765, a village . . . — Map (db m135166) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Graveyard of the Deep — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
The Griffin, the first ship on the Upper Great Lakes, disappeared on its maiden voyage in 1679. Since then the Lakes have swallowed over 10,000 vessels. Early wooden ships were often lost to on-board fires. Many others were destroyed by . . . — Map (db m107191) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Hattie Stimpson 1875-1948 — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Hattie Stimpson was one of the founding members of the Mackinaw Woman's Club some 90 years ago. On Saturday, March 6, 2004, ninety-two people attended Mackinaw Area's Historical Society's first annual Cabin Fever Dinner at Audie's Restaurant in . . . — Map (db m125661) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 45 — Historic Mackinaw City — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Map (db m105946) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 44 — Historic Mackinaw City — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Map (db m135274) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Iron Horse — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
The long-anticipated railroads finally arrived in the Straits in 1881 and 1882. Their arrival, originally expected before the Civil War, was delayed by the War and then by shifting priorities. Once here, they brought many jobs, many visitors, and . . . — Map (db m105924) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Island-Hopping the Straits
In 1920 the need for extensive highways in Michigan was becoming evident and Horatio S. Earle, highway commissioner, suggested a submerged, floating tunnel. A counter-proposal was made by C. E. Fowler, a consulting engineer from New York City. . . . — Map (db m1987) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — L1414 — Mackinaw City
Side 1 In 1634 Samuel de Champlain sent Jean Nicolet from Quebec to explore this area and make peace with the Ottawa and Ojibwa Indians. French traders were in the area in 1673, but they left when conflict with the Indians ensued. The . . . — Map (db m105887) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — S707, S708 — Mackinaw City Railroad Dock / USCG Cutter Mackinaw WAGB 83
Mackinaw City Railroad Dock (side 1, marker #707)Before the Mackinac Bridge opened in 1957, ships were the only means of connecting Michigan's peninsulas. During the 1870s, small sailing vessels served as ferries. Steamboats took over . . . — Map (db m131700) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 1 — Mackinaw, Mackinac or Michilimackinac? — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
The entire Mackinac Straits region derives its name from a French translation of the Ojibway name for Mackinac Island; Missilimakinak, where missi (also michi or mishi) means great or many and . . . — Map (db m105853) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 12 — Mackinaw's Civil War Cannons — The Guns (Cannons) That Won the Civil War — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway —
During the Civil War and after the battle in Mobile Bay, naval historians called this gun, the 9-inch Dahlgren, the gun "that won the Civil War". We are very lucky to have these three relics from the Civil War here in Makinaw City, Michigan. The . . . — Map (db m105885) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — S670 — Michigan State Ferry System / Michigan State Car Ferries
Michigan State Ferry System (side 1) In 1923, in response to increasing automobile traffic, the Michigan Highway Department established the Michigan State Ferry System to connect the Upper and Lower Peninsulas by transporting travelers . . . — Map (db m131696) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 377 — Old Mackinac Point Lighthouse
This light is opposite the turning point for ships making the difficult passage through the Straits of Mackinac, one of the busiest crossroads of the Great Lakes. McGulpin's Point light, two miles to the west, had been established in 1856, but it . . . — Map (db m40053) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 1154 — Old Mill Creek
In 1780 the British garrison at Fort Michilimackinac moved to Mackinac Island as a safer location during the American Revolution. Robert Campbell built a sawmill on this site to furnish lumber for the new fort and settlement. His sawmill and dam . . . — Map (db m59978) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — Shipwrecks in the Straits — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
When mankind took to the water, shipwrecks were inevitable. As long as canoes and boats have sailed the Great Lakes there have been shipwrecks. Many have occurred in the Straits of Mackinac with its narrow channels, shoals, and harsh and . . . — Map (db m131758) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 13 — The Algomah — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
The Algomah sank at the Cheboygan docks in July 1942 and was raised two years later. She was towed to Mackinaw City, filled with stone, and sunk to form the breakwall at the end of Shelpler's ferry dock. In 1947, Captain William Shepler, . . . — Map (db m105883) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — The Dixie Highway — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Since the beginning of the 20th century, two main roads brought tourists to Northern Michigan. These roads were the East and West Pikes and they converged in Mackinaw City. In 1915 the East Pike became part of the Dixie Highway, a series of . . . — Map (db m125535) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 42 — Tourism at Mackinac — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
Before the railroads were extended to Mackinaw City in 1881, the Straits area remained isolated and its activities were limited to commercial pursuits such as lumbering and serving the expanding shipping industry. Once land routes were cut . . . — Map (db m135209) HM
Michigan (Cheboygan County), Mackinaw City — 43 — Winter at Mackinac — Mackinaw City Historical Pathway
When the gales of November blow into Mackinaw City, its residents prepare for the long, hard winter that will bury the beautiful sand beaches in deep snowdrifts and freeze the Straits from shore to shore. Northern Michigan winters more closely . . . — Map (db m135221)

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