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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Illinois, Chicago Landmarks Commission Historical Markers

Scores of markers sponsored by the Commission on Chicago Landmarks, whose members are appointed by the Mayor and City Council. Established in 1968 by City Ordinance, the Commission is responsible for recommending individual buildings, sites, objects, or entire districts be designated as Chicago Landmarks, thereby providing legal protection.
 
(Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank and Marker image, Touch for more information
By Andrew Ruppenstein, August 28, 2021
(Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank and Marker
1Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — (Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank — Chicago Landmark
(Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank Schmidt, Garden & Martin, architects 1920 This Georgian Revival-style bank combines simplified classical details with finely-crafted brick masonry and carved limestone. The bank served the large . . . Map (db m180903) HM
2Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — (Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank — William Gibbons Uffendell, architect — 1924 —
This terra-cotta-clad flat-iron building makes the most of its triangular building lot. Like many neighborhood banks from the 1920s, the Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank employed the Classical Revival style of architecture to convey a sense of . . . Map (db m47457) HM
3Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — 227 East Walton Place Apartment Building — Chicago Landmark
227 East Walton Place Apartment Building Harry Weese, architect 1956 This post-World War II building exemplifies progressive architectural ideals as practiced by one of Chicago's most eclectic and innovative architects of the late 20th . . . Map (db m180744) HM
4Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Abraham Lincoln Monument — Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor; Stanford White, architect — 1887 —
One of the oldest and most important public sculptures in Chicago, this monument to America’s sixteenth president influenced a generation of sculptors due to its innovative combination of a natural-looking Lincoln-–depicted deep in thought as . . . Map (db m47815) HM
5Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool — Alfred Caldwell, landscape architect — 1936-38 —
One of the most important historic landscapes in Chicago, this “hidden garden” in Lincoln Park was designed by note landscape architect Alfred Caldwell in the Prairie style. Inspired by his mentor Jens Jensen and the work of architect . . . Map (db m47845) HM
6Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Allerton Hotel — Chicago Landmark
Allerton Hotel Murgatroyd & Ogden, architects 1922-24 A rare example of Northern Italian Renaissance Revival architecture applied to a high-rise structure and the city's first building to use a pronounced setback and towers, as . . . Map (db m180890) HM
7Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — American Book Company Building — Nelson Max Dunning, architect — 1912 —
This handsome building originally served as the Midwest office, warehouse and distribution center of the American Book Company, a nationally-prominent textbook publisher. Typical of industrial architecture of its time, this reinforced-concrete . . . Map (db m69594) HM
8Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Auditorium Building — Adler and Sullivan, architects — 1889 —
The extraordinary engineering talent of Dankmar Adler and the architectural genius of Louis Sullivan created this building to reflect the cultural maturity of Chicago. Combining hotel and office space with a splendid theater, the Auditorium was a . . . Map (db m34975) HM
9Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Blackstone Hotel — Marshall & Fox, architects — 1910 —
An outstanding example of Modern French style of Beaux-Arts Classical architecture. As one of the city's earliest luxury hotels, it became the "Hotel of Presidents," serving as host to a dozen U.S. Presidents, including Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. . . . Map (db m94409) HM
10Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Brewster Apartments — Chicago Landmark —
Brewster Apartments Enoch H. Turnock, architect 1893 The principles of skeleton-frame construction that made possible tall commercial buildings were used here for an early highrise apartment building, originally known as the . . . Map (db m187901) HM
11Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Bryan Lathrop House — Chicago Landmark
Bryan Lathrop House McKim, Mead and White, architects 1892 Drawing inspiration from the neo-classical styles of the eighteenth century, Charles Follen McKim here created a residence of great dignity and elegance. The clarity and . . . Map (db m180726) HM
12Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Carbide and Carbon Building — Burnham Brothers Inc., architect — 1929 —
According to popular legend, the architects chose this building’s dark green and gold colors based on a gold-foiled champagne bottle seen at an office holiday party. Whether true of not, the building is one of the most-distinctive features on . . . Map (db m51698) HM
13Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Charles N. Loucks House — Clarence H. Tabor, architect 1889 — Chicago Landmark —
Designed as a "model home," this Queen Anne-style house was built for Irving Park land developer Charles N. Loucks. It is a fine example of "pattern book architecture," building designs sold through the mail--a popular method used to keep pace with . . . Map (db m66329) HM
14Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chess Records Office and Studio — Chicago Landmark —
Chess Records Office and Studio Horatio R. Wilson, architect 2120 S. Michigan Avenue is internationally known as the site of some of the most influential Blues and Rock 'n' Roll recordings, including "Johnny B. Goode," "Rescue Me," and . . . Map (db m188622) HM
15Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago & North Western Railway Powerhouse — Foster & Granger, architects — 1909-1911 —
Chicago Landmark The Powerhouse is the best-surviving building associated with the Chicago and North Western Railway, one of the city’s most prominent historic railroads. While a utilitarian building, this grandly-scaled example of the . . . Map (db m47726) HM
16Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago Bee Building — Chicago Landmark —
Chicago Bee Building Z. Erol Smith, architect 1929-31 This Art Deco-style building was constructed as the headquarters for the Chicago Bee newspaper, which was founded by noted African American entrepreneur Anthony Overton. It also . . . Map (db m188754) HM
17Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Chicago Defender Building — Chicago Landmark —
Chicago Defender Building Built 1899; remodeled 1915 This former Jewish synagogue was home to the Chicago Defender from 1920 until 1960. Founded by Robert S. Abbott in 1905, the newspaper became nationally known for its . . . Map (db m188261) HM
18Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Continental and Commercial Bank Building — D.H. Burnham & Co. ; Graham, Anderson Probst & White, architects — 1914 —
This massive block-long office building was built to house one of Chicago’s leading banks and exemplifies the large commercial buildings that define the distinctive LaSalle Street “canyon.” Architect Daniel Burnham personally . . . Map (db m47757) HM
19Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Courthouse Plaza — Chicago Landmark —
Courthouse Place Otto H. Matz, architect 1892-93 This Romanesque-style building, which housed the Cook County Criminal Courts for 35 years, was the site of many legendary trials, including the Leopold and Loeb murder case and Black . . . Map (db m188841) HM
20Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church — Chicago Landmark —
Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church (Originally, Isaiah Temple) Dankmar Adler, architect 1898-99 Built as one of Chicago's early Reform Judaism synagogues, this Classical Revivial-style building is the last building designed by famed . . . Map (db m188631) HM
21Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Essanay Studios — Built 1908-15 — Chicago Landmark —
This is the most important structure connected to the city’s role in the history of motion pictures. Essanay produced hundreds of early movies, featuring such stars as Charlie Chaplin, Gloria Swanson, and cinema’s first cowboy hero, G.M. “Bronco . . . Map (db m187530) HM
22Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Florsheim Shoe Company Building — Alfred S. Alschuler, architect • 1924-26 — Chicago Landmark —
This building is a significant early 20th-century industrial building built for one of Chicago's best-known manufacturers. Founded and headquartered in the city for many years, the Florsheim Shoe Company was one of the nation's leading shoe . . . Map (db m94316) HM
23Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Former Chicago Historical Society Building — Chicago Landmark
Former Chicago Historical Society Building Henry Ives Cobb, architect 1892 The Chicago Historical Society occupied this structure until 1931, and it was that organization's need for a fireproof building that accounts for the . . . Map (db m180703) HM
24Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Gauler Twin Houses — Walter Burley Griffin, Architect — 1906 —
Built as speculative housing by John Gauler, this pair of wood-and-stucco residences is a rare example of a "twin" Prairie School design. Their architect is internationally recognized for his distinctive designs and for his early contributions to . . . Map (db m68556) HM
25Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Getty Tomb — Adler and Sullivan, architects • 1890 — Chicago Landmark —
The Getty Tomb marks the maturity of [Louis] Sullivan's architectural style and the beginning of modern architecture in America. Here the architect departed from historic precedent to create a building of strong geometric massing, detailed with . . . Map (db m94392) HM
26Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Greenwood Row Houses — Chicago Landmark District —
This group of 20 visually distinctive row houses was built in 1903 by one of Chicago's most prolific early developers, Samuel E. Gross. The fine detailing and craftsmanship used for building entrances and cornices reflect the influence of the . . . Map (db m188627) HM
27Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Harris and Selwyn Theaters — Chicago Landmark
Harris and Selwyn Theaters Crane and Franzheim, architects 1922 New York theatrical producers Sam Harris and Archie and Edgar Selwyn constructed these buildings for live stage shows. The "Twin Theaters" have terra-cotta facades . . . Map (db m180950) HM
28Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Henry Gerber House — 1885 — Chicago Landmark —
This house is nationally significant as the earliest known site associated with the gay and lesbian civil rights movement in the United States. It was the home of pioneering activist Henry Gerber from 1924 to 1925, during which time he organized the . . . Map (db m47813) HM
29Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Hotel St. Benedict Flats — James J. Egan, architect — 1882-83 —
This rare surviving example of Victorian Gothic design is also one of the city's best late-19th century apartment buildings. Because early luxury apartments were viewed with skepticism, this building was designed to look like a series of four . . . Map (db m66612) HM
30Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Jane Addams' Hull-House and Dining Hall — Settlement active from 1889 to 1963
Here, in 1899, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr started what became the most influential social settlement in America. It eventually consisted of several buildings around this house which had been built in 1856 by Charles Hull. The Dining Hall and . . . Map (db m61819) HM
31Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — John J. Glessner House — Henry Hobson Richardson, Architect — 1887 —
A mature Richardsonian design, Glessner House is famous for its site development, innovative floor plan and rugged Romanesque facade. Glessner House, a reminder of the fabulous Prairie Avenue era, is the only remaining Chicago building by this . . . Map (db m69586) HM
32Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Kenwood — Landmark District —
Once referred to as the "Lake Forest of the South," this residential suburb was annexed to Chicago in 1889. It was home to many of the city's leading industrialists, who built residences designed by such notable architects as George Maher, . . . Map (db m188828) HM
33Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Kenwood United Church of Christ — Chicago Landmark —
Kenwood United Church of Christ William. W. Boyington and Henry B. Wheelock, architects 1887-88 This Richardsonian Romanesque-style church building is a textbook example of this medieval-influenced style, popular in the late nineteenth . . . Map (db m188566) HM
34Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lake-Franklin Group — Chicago Landmark
Lake-Franklin Group Burling & Adler, George Edbrooke, architects 1872 - 1875 This rare grouping of post-Fire buildings is the best reminder of the wholesale district, an area integral to the city's former role as the world's largest . . . Map (db m181282) HM
35Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Lion House, Lincoln Park Zoo — Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1912 —
Located in one of the country's oldest municipal zoological parks, the Lion House blends both the grandly-scaled public architecture of the Classical style with the innovative Prarie style developed by Chicago architects in the early 20th century. . . . Map (db m10653) HM
36Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Ludington Building — William Le Baron Jenney, architect — 1891 —
The city’s earliest surviving steal-frame building, a type of construction that changed commercial architecture. As one of the first structures clad in terra cotta, it marked an important step in the development of the architectural terra cotta . . . Map (db m47781) HM
37Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — McCormick Double House — Chicago Landmark
McCormick Double House Frederick and Edward Baumann, architects 1875 This early, post-Chicago Fire, Joliet limestone-clad building was originally built as a "double” house for Industrialist Leander James McCormick and his son Robert . . . Map (db m180925) HM
38Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Melissia Ann Elam Home — Chicago Landmark
Melissia Ann Elam Home Henry L. Newhouse, Architect 1903 This Chateauesque mansion was purchased in the 1920s by Melissia Ann Elam, who [illegible] in Chicago.Map (db m181855) HM
39Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Mid-North District — Chicago Landmark
This area, with its concentration of brick row houses, is typical of urban residential communities developed during the last three decades of the nineteenth century. The high quality of its architecture, well- preserved and well-maintained, . . . Map (db m185766) HM
40Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — North Chicago Hospital Building — Chicago Landmark
North Chicago Hospital Building Meyer J. Sturm, architect; M. Louis Kroman, associated architect 1928-29 This building is a handsome example of a neighborhood hospital building, built when Chicago was dotted with small . . . Map (db m180732) HM
41Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Office and Studio of Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1917 — Chicago Landmark —
Finely detailed with tapestry brick and carved stone ornament, this Arts & Crafts-influenced facade is an excellent example of the type of designs for which this architectural firm was noted. "Towertown," as the area surrounding the Chicago Water . . . Map (db m66729) HM
42Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Old Town Triangle — Chicago Landmark District
Settled in the 1850s by German immigrants, this area was virtually destroyed by the Fire of 1871. Most of these wood cottages and brick and stone townhouses date to the last decades of the 19th century. After World War II, this area became the focus . . . Map (db m47626) HM
43Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Overton Hygienic Building — Chicago Landmark
Overton Hygienic Building Built 1922-23 Built as the headquarters for the Overton Hygienic Co., one of the nation's foremost producers of African-American cosmetics, this structure also housed the Victory Life Insurance Company and . . . Map (db m180693) HM
44Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Palmer House Hotel — Holabird & Roche, architects — 1925-27 —
This massive hotel, once the world's largest, bears the name of Potter Palmer, one of Chicago's most important businessmen. It is designed in the Classical Revival style with French Neoclassical influences. Interior spaces of note include the . . . Map (db m92465) HM
45Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Pilgrim Baptist Church — Chicago Landmark —
Pilgrim Baptist Church Adler and Sullivan, Architects 1891 The decorative and planning skills of Sullivan and the engineering ability of Adler are embodied in the strong masonry forms of this building, embellished with terra-cotta . . . Map (db m189477) HM
46Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Quinn Chapel — Chicago Landmark —
Quinn Chapel 1892 This church houses the oldest black congregation in Chicago, tracing its origins back to 1844. Members of the congregation have played a significant role tn the development of the city since that time. The church is a . . . Map (db m189237) HM
47Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Richard Wright House — Chicago Landmark —
Richard Wright House architect unknown 1893 While residing, in the second-floor apartment of this building from 1929 to 1932, celebrated author Richard. Wright effectively began his professional literary career writing his first . . . Map (db m188618) HM
48Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rookery Building — Burnham and Root, architects — 1886 —
Its powerful exterior softened by John Root’s lively ornament, the Rookery typifies the 1880s' lingering picturesque attitude toward commercial architecture. A transitional structure in the evolution of modern architecture, it employs both . . . Map (db m47758) HM
49Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Rosehill Cemetery Entrance — William W. Boyington, architect • 1864 — Chicago Landmark —
Designed by the architect of the Old Chicago Water Tower and predating it by five years, the Rosehill Cemetery Entrance is a rare Midwestern example of castellated Gothic architecture. Many prominent Chicagoans are buried here in plots marked by . . . Map (db m94331) HM
50Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of Fort Dearborn — 1803
Chicago Landmark Fort Dearborn served as the major western garrison of the United States until destroyed during an Indian uprising in August of 1812. A second fort, erected on the same site in 1816, was demolished in 1858. Designated a Chicago . . . Map (db m47681) HM
51Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Site of the Sauganash Hotel/Wigwam — Chicago Landmark
On this site stood the Sauganash Hotel, built in 1831 by pioneer Mark Beaubien, which was location of the frontier town’s first village board election in 1833. The Wigwam, an assembly hall built in 1860 (destroyed c. 1867) on the site of the hotel, . . . Map (db m47725) HM
52Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Stephen A. Douglas Memorial — Leonard W. Volk, designer and sculptor 1881 — Chicago Landmark —
United States Senator Stephen Douglas, who died in 1861 at the age of forty-eight, was a firm believer in the future of Chicago. He held states offices and became nationally known for his debating skill in the Senate and in his campaign against . . . Map (db m120728) HM
53Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Sunset Cafe — Chicago Landmark —
Sunset Cafe Built 1909 Following a 1921 remodeling, this simple automobile garage was transformed into one of the city's earliest and most legendary jazz venues. Its house orchestra featured such famed musicians as Louis . . . Map (db m189053) HM
54Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Supreme Life Building — Chicago Landmark —
Supreme Life Building Built 1921; remodeled 1950 This was the longtime headquarters of the Supreme Life Insurance Co., the first African-American owned and operated insurance company in the northern United States. The firm was founded in . . . Map (db m188528) HM
55Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Tree Studios — Chicago Landmark
Tree Studios Parfitt Brothers, with Bauer & Hill architects Philanthropists Lambert and Anna Field Tree constructed this artists studio building in the backyard of their since-demolished mansion. The income from the retail storefronts . . . Map (db m180902) HM
56Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Tribune Tower — Chicago Landmark
Tribune Tower John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects 1925 This design was the result of an international competition for ‘the most beautiful office building in the world,” held in 1922 by the Chicago Tribune. The . . . Map (db m106357) HM
57Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Trustees System Service Building — Chicago Landmark
Trustees System Service Building Thielbard and Fugard, architects; Eugene and Gwen Lux and Edgar Miller, artists 1929-30 This bold Art-Deco style skyscraper, designed by noted Chicago architects Thielbard and Fugard, is clad with . . . Map (db m181570) HM
58Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Unity Hall — Chicago Landmark
Unity Hall L. B. Dixon, architect 1887 Originally built as the Lakeside Club, a Jewish social organization, this structure was renamed in 1917 when it became the headquarters of the Peoples Movement Club, a political . . . Map (db m189249) HM
59Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — Wheeler–Kohn House — Otis L. Wheelock, architect — 1870 —
A rare survivor of the stately mansions built on the Near South Side prior to the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, this also ranks as one of the city's best examples of Second Empire architecture. Built by banker Calvin Wheeler, it was remodeled in the . . . Map (db m69591) HM
60Illinois (Cook County), Chicago — White Castle #16 — Chicago Landmark —
White Castle #16 Lewis E. Russell (with Lloyd W. Ray, construction superintendent for White Castle System of Eating Houses, Inc.), architect 1930 This tiny white glazed-brick building remains the best-surviving example in Chicago of . . . Map (db m187703) HM
 
 
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May. 18, 2022