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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
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Illinois, Chicago Landmarks Commission Historical Markers

Scores of markers sponsored by the Commission on Chicago Landmarks, whose members are appointed by the Mayor and City Council. Established in 1968 by City Ordinance, the Commission is responsible for recommending individual buildings, sites, objects, or entire districts be designated as Chicago Landmarks, thereby providing legal protection.
 
Joseph Jacob Walser House image, Touch for more information
By Sean Flynn, November 7, 2023
Joseph Jacob Walser House
1 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Austin — Joseph Jacob Walser House — Frank Lloyd Wright, Architect; 1903 — Chicago Landmark —
Built four years after the suburb of Austin was annexed to Chicago, this house is among the best of Wright's experiments with inexpensive residences. Within a narrow lot, the house has all the features of his mature Prairie style, characterized by . . . Map (db m235806) HM
2 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Avondale — Florsheim Shoe Company Building — Alfred S. Alschuler, architect • 1924-26 — Chicago Landmark —
This building is a significant early 20th-century industrial building built for one of Chicago's best-known manufacturers. Founded and headquartered in the city for many years, the Florsheim Shoe Company was one of the nation's leading shoe . . . Map (db m94316) HM
3 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Chicago Bee Building — Chicago Landmark —
Chicago Bee Building Z. Erol Smith, architect 1929-31 This Art Deco-style building was constructed as the headquarters for the Chicago Bee newspaper, which was founded by noted African American entrepreneur Anthony Overton. It also . . . Map (db m188754) HM
4 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Chicago Defender Building — Chicago Landmark —
Chicago Defender Building Built 1899; remodeled 1915 This former Jewish synagogue was home to the Chicago Defender from 1920 until 1960. Founded by Robert S. Abbott in 1905, the newspaper became nationally known for its . . . Map (db m188261) HM
5 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Overton Hygienic Building — Chicago Landmark
Overton Hygienic Building Built 1922-23 Built as the headquarters for the Overton Hygienic Co., one of the nation's foremost producers of African-American cosmetics, this structure also housed the Victory Life Insurance Company and . . . Map (db m180693) HM
6 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Pilgrim Baptist Church — Chicago Landmark —
Pilgrim Baptist Church Adler and Sullivan, Architects 1891 The decorative and planning skills of Sullivan and the engineering ability of Adler are embodied in the strong masonry forms of this building, embellished with terra-cotta . . . Map (db m189477) HM
7 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Sunset Cafe — Chicago Landmark —
Sunset Cafe Built 1909 Following a 1921 remodeling, this simple automobile garage was transformed into one of the city's earliest and most legendary jazz venues. Its house orchestra featured such famed musicians as Louis . . . Map (db m189053) HM
8 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Supreme Life Building — Chicago Landmark —
Supreme Life Building Built 1921; remodeled 1950 This was the longtime headquarters of the Supreme Life Insurance Co., the first African-American owned and operated insurance company in the northern United States. The firm was founded in . . . Map (db m188528) HM
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9 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Douglas (Bronzeville) — Unity Hall — Chicago Landmark
Unity Hall L. B. Dixon, architect 1887 Originally built as the Lakeside Club, a Jewish social organization, this structure was renamed in 1917 when it became the headquarters of the Peoples Movement Club, a political . . . Map (db m189249) HM
10 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Gold Coast — Bryan Lathrop House — Chicago Landmark
Bryan Lathrop House McKim, Mead and White, architects 1892 Drawing inspiration from the neo-classical styles of the eighteenth century, Charles Follen McKim here created a residence of great dignity and elegance. The clarity and . . . Map (db m180726) HM
11 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Gold Coast — Fisher Studio Houses — Andrew Rebori, architect; 1936 — Chicago Landmark —
This rare Art Moderne-style design is also one of the city's best examples of pre-World War II modernism. Further distinguishing the building is its handcrafted ornamentation by prominent artist Edgar Miller. The 12 residential units front on a . . . Map (db m235355) HM
12 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Grand Boulevard (Bronzeville) — Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church — Chicago Landmark —
Ebenezer Missionary Baptist Church (Originally, Isaiah Temple) Dankmar Adler, architect 1898-99 Built as one of Chicago's early Reform Judaism synagogues, this Classical Revivial-style building is the last building designed by famed . . . Map (db m188631) HM
13 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Grand Boulevard (Bronzeville) — Melissia Ann Elam Home — Chicago Landmark
Melissia Ann Elam Home Henry L. Newhouse, Architect 1903 This Chateauesque mansion was purchased in the 1920s by Melissia Ann Elam, who [illegible] in Chicago.Map (db m181855) HM
14 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Grand Boulevard (Bronzeville) — Richard Wright House — Chicago Landmark —
Richard Wright House architect unknown 1893 While residing, in the second-floor apartment of this building from 1929 to 1932, celebrated author Richard. Wright effectively began his professional literary career writing his first . . . Map (db m188618) HM
15 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Groveland Park — Stephen A. Douglas Memorial — Leonard W. Volk, designer and sculptor 1881 — Chicago Landmark —
United States Senator Stephen Douglas, who died in 1861 at the age of forty-eight, was a firm believer in the future of Chicago. He held states offices and became nationally known for his debating skill in the Senate and in his campaign against . . . Map (db m120728) HM
16 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Hyde Park — Greenwood Row Houses — Chicago Landmark District —
This group of 20 visually distinctive row houses was built in 1903 by one of Chicago's most prolific early developers, Samuel E. Gross. The fine detailing and craftsmanship used for building entrances and cornices reflect the influence of the . . . Map (db m188627) HM
17 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Hyde Park — Museum of Science and Industry — Charles B. Atwood, architect; 1891-93 — Chicago Landmark —
Originally built as the Palace of Fine Arts for the World's Columbian Exposition, this plaster-clad structure later became the first home of the Field Museum of Natural History. After the museum left in the 1920s, the decayed building was . . . Map (db m238465) HM
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18 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Kenwood — Kenwood — Landmark District —
Once referred to as the "Lake Forest of the South," this residential suburb was annexed to Chicago in 1889. It was home to many of the city's leading industrialists, who built residences designed by such notable architects as George Maher, . . . Map (db m188828) HM
19 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Kenwood — Kenwood United Church of Christ — Chicago Landmark —
Kenwood United Church of Christ William. W. Boyington and Henry B. Wheelock, architects 1887-88 This Richardsonian Romanesque-style church building is a textbook example of this medieval-influenced style, popular in the late nineteenth . . . Map (db m188566) HM
20 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lake View — (Former) Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank — William Gibbons Uffendell, architect — 1924 —
This terra-cotta-clad flat-iron building makes the most of its triangular building lot. Like many neighborhood banks from the 1920s, the Marshfield Trust and Savings Bank employed the Classical Revival style of architecture to convey a sense of . . . Map (db m208809) HM
21 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lake View East — Brewster Apartments — Chicago Landmark —
Brewster Apartments Enoch H. Turnock, architect 1893 The principles of skeleton-frame construction that made possible tall commercial buildings were used here for an early highrise apartment building, originally known as the . . . Map (db m187901) HM
22 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Park — Abraham Lincoln Monument — Augustus Saint-Gaudens, sculptor; Stanford White, architect — 1887 —
One of the oldest and most important public sculptures in Chicago, this monument to America’s sixteenth president influenced a generation of sculptors due to its innovative combination of a natural-looking Lincoln-–depicted deep in thought as . . . Map (db m47815) HM
23 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Park — Alfred Caldwell Lily Pool — Alfred Caldwell, landscape architect — 1936-38 —
One of the most important historic landscapes in Chicago, this “hidden garden” in Lincoln Park was designed by note landscape architect Alfred Caldwell in the Prairie style. Inspired by his mentor Jens Jensen and the work of architect . . . Map (db m47845) HM
24 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Park — Lion House, Lincoln Park Zoo — Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1912 —
Located in one of the country's oldest municipal zoological parks, the Lion House blends both the grandly-scaled public architecture of the Classical style with the innovative Prarie style developed by Chicago architects in the early 20th century. . . . Map (db m10653) HM
25 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Park — Mid-North District — Chicago Landmark
This area, with its concentration of brick row houses, is typical of urban residential communities developed during the last three decades of the nineteenth century. The high quality of its architecture, well- preserved and well-maintained, . . . Map (db m185766) HM
26 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Park — North Chicago Hospital Building — Chicago Landmark
North Chicago Hospital Building Meyer J. Sturm, architect; M. Louis Kroman, associated architect 1928-29 This building is a handsome example of a neighborhood hospital building, built when Chicago was dotted with small . . . Map (db m180732) HM
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27 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Lincoln Square — Rosehill Cemetery Entrance — William W. Boyington, architect • 1864 — Chicago Landmark —
Designed by the architect of the Old Chicago Water Tower and predating it by five years, the Rosehill Cemetery Entrance is a rare Midwestern example of castellated Gothic architecture. Many prominent Chicagoans are buried here in plots marked by . . . Map (db m94331) HM
28 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Little Italy — Jane Addams' Hull-House and Dining Hall — Settlement active from 1889 to 1963
Here, in 1899, Jane Addams and Ellen Gates Starr started what became the most influential social settlement in America. It eventually consisted of several buildings around this house which had been built in 1856 by Charles Hull. The Dining Hall and . . . Map (db m61819) HM
29 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Loop District — Fine Arts Building — Solon S. Beman, architect; 1885; converted to Fine Arts Building in 1898 — Chicago Landmark —
Built by the Studebaker company for the assembly and display of their carriages and wagons, this building was converted into studios and theaters for artists and craftsmen in 1898. The interior public spaces, featuring murals on the tenth floor, . . . Map (db m237986) HM
30 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Loop District — Majestic Building and Theatre — Edmund R. Krause, architect; 1906 — Chicago Landmark —
This lavishly-detailed early skyscraper houses one of Chicago's oldest legitimate theatres, having featured vaudeville, drama and musicals in its long history. Designed in the French Renaissance style with tripartite Chicago-style windows, it has a . . . Map (db m241085) HM
31 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Loop District — Reliance Building — D. H. Burnham & Co., architects; 1890-95 — Chicago Landmark —
Expansive windows and Gothic-ornamented terra cotta give this building a light and airy appearance befitting its international reputation as a forerunner of 20th-century glass-and-steel skyscrapers. The building was constructed in two stages: the . . . Map (db m240283) HM
32 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Magnificent Mile — McGraw-Hill Building — Thielbar and Fugard, architect; 1928-29 — Chicago Landmark —
A rare survivor of the type of buildings constructed during the early period of this street's development as a prestigious retail address. Its Art Deco-style design incorporates both classical and modern details, and its innovative sculptures by . . . Map (db m236929) HM
33 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Magnolia Glen — Gauler Twin Houses — Walter Burley Griffin, Architect — 1906 —
Built as speculative housing by John Gauler, this pair of wood-and-stucco residences is a rare example of a "twin" Prairie School design. Their architect is internationally recognized for his distinctive designs and for his early contributions to . . . Map (db m68556) HM
34 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — American Book Company Building — Nelson Max Dunning, architect — 1912 —
This handsome building originally served as the Midwest office, warehouse and distribution center of the American Book Company, a nationally-prominent textbook publisher. Typical of industrial architecture of its time, this reinforced-concrete . . . Map (db m69594) HM
35 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — Chess Records Office and Studio — Chicago Landmark —
Chess Records Office and Studio Horatio R. Wilson, architect 2120 S. Michigan Avenue is internationally known as the site of some of the most influential Blues and Rock 'n' Roll recordings, including "Johnny B. Goode," "Rescue Me," and . . . Map (db m188622) HM
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36 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — John J. Glessner House — Henry Hobson Richardson, Architect — 1887 —
A mature Richardsonian design, Glessner House is famous for its site development, innovative floor plan and rugged Romanesque facade. Glessner House, a reminder of the fabulous Prairie Avenue era, is the only remaining Chicago building by this . . . Map (db m69586) HM
37 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — Quinn Chapel — Chicago Landmark —
Quinn Chapel 1892 This church houses the oldest black congregation in Chicago, tracing its origins back to 1844. Members of the congregation have played a significant role tn the development of the city since that time. The church is a . . . Map (db m189237) HM
38 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — Wheeler–Kohn House — Otis L. Wheelock, architect — 1870 —
A rare survivor of the stately mansions built on the Near South Side prior to the Great Chicago Fire of 1871, this also ranks as one of the city's best examples of Second Empire architecture. Built by banker Calvin Wheeler, it was remodeled in the . . . Map (db m69591) HM
39 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Near South Side — White Castle #16 — Chicago Landmark —
White Castle #16 Lewis E. Russell (with Lloyd W. Ray, construction superintendent for White Castle System of Eating Houses, Inc.), architect 1930 This tiny white glazed-brick building remains the best-surviving example in Chicago of . . . Map (db m187703) HM
40 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Norwood Park — Noble-Seymour-Crippen House — 1833; addition in 1868 — Chicago Landmark — Reported missing
This house documents the evolution of Norwood Park, from a farm community to a residential neighborhood. The small south wing had its origins as the home of Mark Noble, one of the first settlers in the area. An Italianate-style addition and other . . . Map (db m239935) HM
41 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Old Irving Park — Charles N. Loucks House — Clarence H. Tabor, architect 1889 — Chicago Landmark —
Designed as a "model home," this Queen Anne-style house was built for Irving Park land developer Charles N. Loucks. It is a fine example of "pattern book architecture," building designs sold through the mail--a popular method used to keep pace with . . . Map (db m66329) HM
42 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Old Town Triangle — Henry Gerber House — 1885 — Chicago Landmark —
This house is nationally significant as the earliest known site associated with the gay and lesbian civil rights movement in the United States. It was the home of pioneering activist Henry Gerber from 1924 to 1925, during which time he organized the . . . Map (db m47813) HM
43 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Old Town Triangle — Old Town Triangle — Chicago Landmark District
Settled in the 1850s by German immigrants, this area was virtually destroyed by the Fire of 1871. Most of these wood cottages and brick and stone townhouses date to the last decades of the 19th century. After World War II, this area became the focus . . . Map (db m47626) HM
44 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — Chicago Varnish Company Building — Henry Ives Cobb, architect 1895 — Chicago Landmark —
Built as the headquarters of one of the leading varnish manufacturers in the United States, this building is a rare Chicago example of Dutch Renaissance Revival-style architecture, marked by distinctive stepped gables. It was designed by Henry . . . Map (db m234669) HM
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45 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — Courthouse Plaza — Chicago Landmark —
Courthouse Place Otto H. Matz, architect 1892-93 This Romanesque-style building, which housed the Cook County Criminal Courts for 35 years, was the site of many legendary trials, including the Leopold and Loeb murder case and Black . . . Map (db m188841) HM
46 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — Former Chicago Historical Society Building — Chicago Landmark
Former Chicago Historical Society Building Henry Ives Cobb, architect 1892 The Chicago Historical Society occupied this structure until 1931, and it was that organization's need for a fireproof building that accounts for the . . . Map (db m180703) HM
47 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — IBM Building — Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, architect; C.F. Murphy Associates, engineers; 1969-72 — Chicago Landmark —
This metal-and-glass skyscraper was built to house the Chicago offices of the IBM Corporation, one of the nation's premier companies. It was the last American building designed by Mies van der Rohe, one of the most internationally-significant . . . Map (db m240272) HM
48 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — LaSalle Street Cable Car Powerhouse — North Chicago Street Railway Co., builder; 1887 — Chicago Landmark —
This building survives from the heyday of Chicago's cable car system, the largest in the United States during the late nineteenth century. Originally housing a pair of Corliss engines, the Powerhouse served as a critical mass transit link between . . . Map (db m240250) HM
49 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — Marina City — Bertrand Goldberg Associates, architect; Severud-Elstad-Krueger, engineer; 1960-1967 — Chicago Landmark —
This "city within a city" was the first real estate development in Chicago to mix residential, commercial, and entertainment uses in a dense high-rise complex in the city's central area. It was designed by innovative architect Bertrand Goldberg as . . . Map (db m240278) HM
50 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — McCormick Double House — Chicago Landmark
McCormick Double House Frederick and Edward Baumann, architects 1875 This early, post-Chicago Fire, Joliet limestone-clad building was originally built as a "double” house for Industrialist Leander James McCormick and his son Robert . . . Map (db m180925) HM
51 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, River North — Tree Studios — Chicago Landmark
Tree Studios Parfitt Brothers, with Bauer & Hill architects Philanthropists Lambert and Anna Field Tree constructed this artists studio building in the backyard of their since-demolished mansion. The income from the retail storefronts . . . Map (db m180902) HM
52 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Rush & Division — (Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank — Chicago Landmark
(Former) Cosmopolitan State Bank Schmidt, Garden & Martin, architects 1920 This Georgian Revival-style bank combines simplified classical details with finely-crafted brick masonry and carved limestone. The bank served the large . . . Map (db m180903) HM
53 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Rush & Division — Hotel St. Benedict Flats — James J. Egan, architect — 1882-83 —
This rare surviving example of Victorian Gothic design is also one of the city's best late-19th century apartment buildings. Because early luxury apartments were viewed with skepticism, this building was designed to look like a series of four . . . Map (db m66612) HM
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54 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Streeterville — 227 East Walton Place Apartment Building — Chicago Landmark
227 East Walton Place Apartment Building Harry Weese, architect 1956 This post-World War II building exemplifies progressive architectural ideals as practiced by one of Chicago's most eclectic and innovative architects of the late 20th . . . Map (db m180744) HM
55 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Streeterville — Allerton Hotel — Chicago Landmark
Allerton Hotel Murgatroyd & Ogden, architects 1922-24 A rare example of Northern Italian Renaissance Revival architecture applied to a high-rise structure and the city's first building to use a pronounced setback and towers, as . . . Map (db m180890) HM
56 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Streeterville — Office and Studio of Perkins, Fellows & Hamilton, architects — 1917 — Chicago Landmark —
Finely detailed with tapestry brick and carved stone ornament, this Arts & Crafts-influenced facade is an excellent example of the type of designs for which this architectural firm was noted. "Towertown," as the area surrounding the Chicago Water . . . Map (db m66729) HM
57 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Streeterville — Tribune Tower — Chicago Landmark
Tribune Tower John Mead Howells and Raymond Hood, architects 1925 This design was the result of an international competition for ‘the most beautiful office building in the world,” held in 1922 by the Chicago Tribune. The . . . Map (db m106357) HM
58 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — 300 West Adams Street Office Building — Jens J. Jensen, Architect; 1927 — Chicago Landmark —
This terra-cotta-clad office building is a handsome example of the Gothic Revival architectural style. Built on the site of an earlier wholesale warehouse for the Carson, Pirie, Scott & Co. Department Store, the building exemplifies the . . . Map (db m236485) HM
59 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — 35 East Wacker Drive Building — Giaver & Dinkelberg, architect; 1926-27 — Chicago Landmark —
This 40-story building was the tallest outside New York City at the time of its construction. The building's terra cotta-clad, classical design marks it as one of the most prominent high-rise statements of the City Beautiful movement. It is also the . . . Map (db m234661) HM
60 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Auditorium Building — Adler and Sullivan, architects — 1889 —
The extraordinary engineering talent of Dankmar Adler and the architectural genius of Louis Sullivan created this building to reflect the cultural maturity of Chicago. Combining hotel and office space with a splendid theater, the Auditorium was a . . . Map (db m34975) HM
61 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Blackstone Hotel — Marshall & Fox, architects — 1910 —
An outstanding example of Modern French style of Beaux-Arts Classical architecture. As one of the city's earliest luxury hotels, it became the "Hotel of Presidents," serving as host to a dozen U.S. Presidents, including Woodrow Wilson, Franklin D. . . . Map (db m94409) HM
62 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Carbide and Carbon Building — Burnham Brothers Inc., architect — 1929 —
According to popular legend, the architects chose this building’s dark green and gold colors based on a gold-foiled champagne bottle seen at an office holiday party. Whether true of not, the building is one of the most-distinctive features on . . . Map (db m51698) HM
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63 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Chicago Theater — Rapp and Rapp, architects; 1921 — Chicago Landmark —
A distinctively American building type, the motion picture palace provided a fantasy environment in which fantasies of stage and screen could be enjoyed. This Beaux-Arts style building, with its elaborate decoration and grand proportions, was one . . . Map (db m236517) HM
64 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Continental and Commercial Bank Building — D.H. Burnham & Co. ; Graham, Anderson Probst & White, architects — 1914 —
This massive block-long office building was built to house one of Chicago’s leading banks and exemplifies the large commercial buildings that define the distinctive LaSalle Street “canyon.” Architect Daniel Burnham personally . . . Map (db m47757) HM
65 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Harris and Selwyn Theaters — Chicago Landmark
Harris and Selwyn Theaters Crane and Franzheim, architects 1922 New York theatrical producers Sam Harris and Archie and Edgar Selwyn constructed these buildings for live stage shows. The "Twin Theaters" have terra-cotta facades . . . Map (db m180950) HM
66 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Inland Steel Building — Skidmore, Owings & Merrill, architects; 1956-57 — Chicago Landmark —
This is one of the defining commercial high-rises of the post-World War II era. The use of stainless steel cladding is an eloquent testimony to the corporation that commissioned the building as its headquarters. The placement of all structural . . . Map (db m241094) HM
67 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Lake-Franklin Group — Chicago Landmark
Lake-Franklin Group Burling & Adler, George Edbrooke, architects 1872 - 1875 This rare grouping of post-Fire buildings is the best reminder of the wholesale district, an area integral to the city's former role as the world's largest . . . Map (db m181282) HM
68 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Leiter II Building — William Le Baron Jenney, architect (1889-91) — Chicago Landmark —
Acclaimed as one of the most important, early examples of skeletal-frame commercial architecture, this National Historic Landmark was designed by the so-called "father of the skyscaper." It was built by Levi Leiter, a former partner of Marshall . . . Map (db m235659) HM
69 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Ludington Building — William Le Baron Jenney, architect — 1891 —
The city’s earliest surviving steal-frame building, a type of construction that changed commercial architecture. As one of the first structures clad in terra cotta, it marked an important step in the development of the architectural terra cotta . . . Map (db m47781) HM
70 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Mather Tower — H.H. Riddle, architect; 1928 — Chicago Landmark —
This building is one of the most dramatic examples of the influence that the 1923 Chicago Zoning Ordinance had on the design of the city's high-rises in the 1920s. Rising 519 feet, it combines an exceptionally tall and thin, "spire-like" tower with . . . Map (db m234759) HM
71 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Old Colony Building — Holabird and Roche, architect; 1893-94 — Chicago Landmark —
Rounded corner bays, a feature of many early skyscrapers, enliven the silhouette of the Old Colony Building. Continuous vertical piers divide the long Dearborn Street faηade into tall, narrow sections, while continuous horizontal spandrels visually . . . Map (db m241090) HM
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72 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Old Republic Building (Originally the Bell Building) — K.M. Vitzthum & Co., architect; 1924 — Chicago Landmark —
Herbert Bell of the Bell & Zoller Coal Company commissioned this 23-story skyscraper in 1924. When completed, it was one of the first generation skyscrapers that sprang up on North Michigan Avenue as a result of Burnham and Bennett's 1909 Plan of . . . Map (db m236848) HM
73 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Page Brothers Building — John M. Van Osdel, architect; 1872 — Chicago Landmark —
With the last remaining cast-iron front in Chicago, this building illustrates a major step in the evolution of modern metal-frame construction technology. Built when Lake Street was the city's main commercial street, its west facade was remodeled . . . Map (db m236564) HM
74 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Palmer House Hotel — Holabird & Roche, architects — 1925-27 —
This massive hotel, once the world's largest, bears the name of Potter Palmer, one of Chicago's most important businessmen. It is designed in the Classical Revival style with French Neoclassical influences. Interior spaces of note include the . . . Map (db m92465) HM
75 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Rookery Building — Burnham and Root, architects — 1886 —
Its powerful exterior softened by John Root’s lively ornament, the Rookery typifies the 1880s' lingering picturesque attitude toward commercial architecture. A transitional structure in the evolution of modern architecture, it employs both . . . Map (db m47758) HM
76 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Site of Fort Dearborn — 1803
Chicago Landmark Fort Dearborn served as the major western garrison of the United States until destroyed during an Indian uprising in August of 1812. A second fort, erected on the same site in 1816, was demolished in 1858. Designated a Chicago . . . Map (db m47681) HM
77 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Site of the Sauganash Hotel/Wigwam — Chicago Landmark
On this site stood the Sauganash Hotel, built in 1831 by pioneer Mark Beaubien, which was location of the frontier town’s first village board election in 1833. The Wigwam, an assembly hall built in 1860 (destroyed c. 1867) on the site of the hotel, . . . Map (db m47725) HM
78 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Steger Building — Marshall & Fox, architects; 1909-1910 — Chicago Landmark —
The Steger Building was the headquarters for the Steger & Sons Manufacturing Company, who at the turn of the 20th century, were one of the country's most successful piano manufacturers. Located in Chicago's "Music Row," this building was one of a . . . Map (db m237447) HM
79 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — The Heyworth Building — D.H. Burnham & Co., architects 1904 — Chicago Landmark —
This distinctive structure combines the structurally expressive character of the Chicago School with the decorative appearance of traditional masonry architecture. It was designed by Frederick P. Dinkelberg, an associate of one of the nation’s . . . Map (db m223813) HM
80 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, The Loop District — Trustees System Service Building — Chicago Landmark
Trustees System Service Building Thielbard and Fugard, architects; Eugene and Gwen Lux and Edgar Miller, artists 1929-30 This bold Art-Deco style skyscraper, designed by noted Chicago architects Thielbard and Fugard, is clad with . . . Map (db m181570) HM
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81 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Ukrainian Village — Holy Trinity Orthodox Cathedral and Rectory — Louis H. Sullivan, architect; 1903 — Chicago Landmark —
Designed to resemble the Russian provincial churches known to its first parishioners, this church and its rectory are symbolic of the Russian Orthodox community in Chicago. The ideologies of client and architect harmonized well in this project, . . . Map (db m234568) HM
82 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Uptown — Essanay Studios — Built 1908-15 — Chicago Landmark —
This is the most important structure connected to the city’s role in the history of motion pictures. Essanay produced hundreds of early movies, featuring such stars as Charlie Chaplin, Gloria Swanson, and cinema’s first cowboy hero, G.M. “Bronco . . . Map (db m187530) HM
83 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, Uptown — Getty Tomb — Adler and Sullivan, architects • 1890 — Chicago Landmark —
The Getty Tomb marks the maturity of [Louis] Sullivan's architectural style and the beginning of modern architecture in America. Here the architect departed from historic precedent to create a building of strong geometric massing, detailed with . . . Map (db m94392) HM
84 Illinois, Cook County, Chicago, West Loop — Chicago & North Western Railway Powerhouse — Foster & Granger, architects — 1909-1911 —
Chicago Landmark The Powerhouse is the best-surviving building associated with the Chicago and North Western Railway, one of the city’s most prominent historic railroads. While a utilitarian building, this grandly-scaled example of the . . . Map (db m47726) HM
 
 
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Feb. 23, 2024