“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
110 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed.                                               The final 10 ⊳


Acadian History Historical Markers

Markers, regardless of organization, commemorating Acadian culture and history as found in France, New France, the Canadian Maritimes, Maine, Louisiana and elsewhere.
Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker image, Touch for more information
February 9, 2019
Vermilionville Historical Timeline Marker
1Louisiana (Lafayette Parish), Lafayette — Vermilionville Historical Timelinepre-1699 - 1800
pre-1699 pre-1699: Ancestors of the Ishak (Atakapa) and Chitimacha people hunt bison, deer, bear and small game; harvest fish and shellfish. The Chitimacha's territory encompasses the entire Atchafalaya Basin, lands west . . . Map (db m136633) HM
2Louisiana (Lafayette Parish), Lafayette — Vermilionville Historical Timeline1775-1920
1775-1783 1775-1783: United States War of Independence. In support of the U.S., in 1779 the Spanish military captures British-held Baton Rouge, with the use of Native American, French, Spanish, and free persons of color . . . Map (db m136634) HM
3Louisiana (St. Martin Parish), St. Martinville — Deportation CrossLe Croix de la Déportation
The original Deportation Cross, near Grand-Pré National Historic Site in Nova Scotia is located in the vicinity of the embarkation of the victims of the Acadian Diaspora of 1755. Dedicated on July 24, 1924. La Croix originelle de la . . . Map (db m85293) HM
4Louisiana (Terrebonne Parish), Houma — New Acadia / Nouvelle Acadie
Over 2,500 Acadians settled in the Spanish colony of Louisiana between 1764 and 1788, Although victims of the Deportation, none were deported directly to Louisiana. Acadians made their way to Louisiana from various locations. The first group, . . . Map (db m123326) HM
5Louisiana (Terrebonne Parish), Houma — The Grand Dérangement / Le Grand Dérangement
Panel 1 EnglishL'Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, led part of the. . . . Map (db m123267) HM
6Louisiana (Terrebonne Parish), Houma — The Great Acadian UpheavalExiled Acadians become Louisiana's Cajuns
The monument in front of you commemorates the "Great Upheaval" of the Acadian people from their homeland in what is now Nova Scotia, Canada. Beginning in 1755, Acadian villagers, caught in a power struggle between France and England were uprooted - . . . Map (db m174334) HM
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7New Brunswick (Albert County), Hillsborough — Combat of the/du Petitcodiac
Near this town on 3rd September 1755, a detachment of Major Frye's troops, sent from Fort Cumberland to destroy Acadian settlements on the river and compel the people to surrender for deportation, was defeated by a French force under Charles . . . Map (db m106630) HM
8New Brunswick (Carleton County), Hartland — St. John River
Named on June 24, 1604 – the feast day of St. John the Baptist – during the expedition of Sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain the river originates in northern Maine and flows 673 kilometers emptying into the Bay of Fundy at Saint . . . Map (db m138997) HM
9New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A French Colony in Acadie / Une colonie française en Acadie
English: ”Having found no place more suitable than this island... Sieur de Monts… allowed me to draw up the plan of our settlement." Seventy-nine men, including noblemen, artisans, labourers, Catholic and . . . Map (db m144499) HM
10New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A Place to Settle / Un endroit où s’établir
English: Sieur de Monts named the island Saint Croix Island, and Champlain recorded that: "The island is covered with fir, birch, maple, and oak. It is naturally well located... and is easy to fortify... We considered this the . . . Map (db m144498) HM
11New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A Winter of Despair / Un hiver de désespoir
English: ”It was difficult to know the country without having wintered there... Winter came upon us sooner than we had expected..." Could you survive a winter on Saint Croix Island if... • dangerous ice cut you . . . Map (db m144501) HM
12New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — In Champlain’s Footsteps / Sur les traces de Champlain
English: The precise mapping of Acadie in the 17th century was the work of one individual — Samuel de Champlain. Between May 1604 and August 1605, travelling by barque, pinnace, canoe or on foot, Champlain surveyed and . . . Map (db m144500) HM
13New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Moving on / Le déménagement
English: "In order to escape the cold and dreadful winter we experienced on Saint Croix Island, Sieur de Monts decided to move the settlement to another location. Having… found no port that was acceptable to us... we outfitted . . . Map (db m144502) HM
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14New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Saint Croix Island International Historic Site / Lieu historique international de l'Île Sainte-Croix
English: Welcome On Saint Croix Island in 1604, French nobleman-courtier Pierre Dugua Sieur de Monts established a settlement. This outpost was the first attempt by the French at year-round colonization in the territory they . . . Map (db m144495) HM
15New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — The River Flows On... / La rivière poursuit son cours...
English: Samuel de Champlain, explorer and geographer on Sieur de Monts' expedition, recorded in late June 1604 that: ”...we entered a river... wherein...we found two islands — one very small and near the western . . . Map (db m144496) HM
16New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Where Two Worlds Met / Rencontre de deux mondes
English: The Micmac, Maliseet, and Passamaquoddy hunters and traders provided a commercial lifeline for Sieur de Monts' colony. Their first-hand knowledge of the territory allowed these entrepreneurs to control the supply of furs. . . . Map (db m144497) HM
17New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — St. Croix RiverLa Rivière Sainte-Croix
English From the Chiputneticook Lakes, the waters of the St. Croix River tumble through rolling Appalachian scenery to one of the most historic estuaries in Canada, at Passamaquoddy Bay. Here, French colonization in North America began . . . Map (db m77395) HM
18New Brunswick (Gloucester County), Caraquet — Le Grand DérangementCaraquet
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, . . . Map (db m80580) HM
19New Brunswick (Gloucester County), Caraquet — The Return of the AcadiansLe retour des Acadiens
English: Because of the vicissitudes of war, the Acadians, pioneers of this country, were dispersed in 1755. The arrival of Alexis Landry at Ste. Anne de Bocage, soon after 1755, symbolizes the return of the Acadians to their beloved . . . Map (db m80579) HM
20New Brunswick (Kent County), Cocagne — Cocagne1767-2017
Français: À l'automne 1767, les familles Gueguen, Arseneau, Hébert et Bourg reçoivent les premières concessions de terres accordées à des Acadiens après le Grand Dérangement. En novembre, Cocagne devient la première communauté . . . Map (db m139701) HM
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21New Brunswick (Kent County), Saint-Antoine — Louis J. Robichaud1925-2005
Français: « Chances égales pour tous ». Avec cette phrase tout simple, Louis J. Robichaud a changé le cours de l’histoire de l’Acadie et du Nouveau-Brunswick. Il inscrit, pour tout citoyen, de quelque classe qu’il soit, la dignité . . . Map (db m151247) HM
22New Brunswick (Kent County), Saint-Louis-de-Kent — Marcel-François Richard(1847-1915)
Français: Né à Saint-Louis-de-Kent et ordonné prêtre en 1870, Mgr Richard fut l'une des figures de proue de la renaissance acadienne. Il stimula la colonisation afin de centrer l'exode yeti les États-Unis, fonda des écoles, des . . . Map (db m139702) HM
23New Brunswick (Victoria County), Grand Falls — Acadia of the Lands and Forests / l'Acadie des terres et forêts
This sculpture was erected in memory of our ancestors who were the founders of Acadia of the Lands and Forests. Commemorating the 2014 Congrès mondial acadien which was held in our region. . . . Map (db m125346) HM
24New Brunswick (Westmorland County), Dieppe — Les Acadiens / The AcadiansRiviére Petitcodiac River
Français: Les Acadiens sont les premiers colons européens à s'établir à la baie de Fundy, au début du 17e siècle. Ils transforment le paysage en asséchant des marais salés et en construisant des levées et des aboiteaux pour créer . . . Map (db m150975) HM
25New Brunswick (Westmorland County), Dieppe — The Grand DérangementResistance on the Petcoudiac / La Résistance sur la Petcoudiac
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, . . . Map (db m150940) HM
26New Brunswick (Westmorland County), Dorchester — 400th Anniversary of 1st Acadian Settlement
English:400th anniversary celebration of the 1st Acadian settlement. Dedicated to those Acadians who were part of the history of the Village of Dorchester and area. Français:Fêtes du 400e anniversaire de . . . Map (db m193196) HM
27New Brunswick (Westmorland County), Moncton — First Settlers / Premiers Colons
This part of "Le Coude" (The Bend) was in earlier times called Terre-Rouge. Three families from the Grand-Prée region first settled here: Jean Babineau & Isabelle Breau, circa 1733, followed by Joseph Breau & Isabelle Thibodeau and Charles . . . Map (db m106603) HM
28Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Acadian DykelandLes terres endiguées des Acadiens
English When the French settled at Port-Royal in the early 1600s, the shores of the Annapolis River were bordered with tidal salt marsh. In the 1630s, the French at Port-Royal started reclaiming this fertile land by building dykes. The . . . Map (db m78488) HM
29Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Annapolis Royal Historic DistrictL’arrondissement historique d’Annapolis Royal
English From its strategic setting, Annapolis Royal has witnessed pivotal events in the history of European settlement in Canada. Located on a former Mi’kmaq meeting place, the townsite and its environs were known as Port-Royal by the . . . Map (db m78670) HM
30Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — CemeteriesLes Cimetières
English Two cemeteries are located in this burial ground: the earlier Acadian parish cemetery and the later Church of England cemetery. The wooden markers once placed on most of the graves have long since decayed. The gravestones that . . . Map (db m78605) HM
31Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Charles Fort / Le fort CharlesCharles de Menou d’Aulnay — (ca. 1604-1650) / (v.1604-1650) —
Two markers are located on these monument. Charles Fort / Le fort Charles English A group of about 70 Scottish settlers began a colony here in 1629, eight years after King James I granted ‘Nova Scotia’ to Sir William . . . Map (db m78486) HM
32Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Daniel Auger de Subercase
In memory of Daniel Auger de Subercase 1663-1732 Chevalier of the Military Order of St. Louis, last French commander of this fort and defender of Acadie. Honour to unsuccessful valourMap (db m78442) HM
33Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Duvivier AttackL’attaque de Duvivier
English In September 1744, French soldiers and Aboriginal warriors attacked this fort. The took advantage of the overcast and rainy weather to attack at night under cover of darkness, sometimes managing to slip onto the outer works of the . . . Map (db m78606) HM
34Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Jean Paul Mascarenec. 1694-1760
English A French Huguenot in the British army, Mascarene served here from 1710 to 1750. He was a member of the Council of Nova Scotia (1720-50), lieutenant-colonel of Philipps’ Regiment (1742-50), and administrator and commander in chief . . . Map (db m78491) HM
35Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Port-Royal
English When the French first came to the Annapolis Basin, Samuel de Champlain called it “Port-Royal” in recognition of its great size. Eventually, the area surrounding the basin and along the Annapolis River became known as . . . Map (db m78449) HM
36Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Sieur de Monts
To the illustrious memory of Lieut. Gen’l Timothé Pierre du Guast, Sieur de Monts, the pioneer of civilization in North America, who discovered and explored the adjacent river, A.D. 1604, and founded on its banks the first settlement of . . . Map (db m78443) HM
37Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Black HoleLe cachot
English The French built this powder magazine into the earthworks of their new fort in 1702. Both the French and the British used it to store gunpowder. In the early 1800s, it was used briefly as a prison or “Black Hole.” In . . . Map (db m78601) HM
38Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — The Flag BastionLe bastion de l’étendard
English You are standing on the west bastion which, in the 1700s, was the principal bastion. This being the closest bastion to the river, a flag was flown here to show approaching vessels who controlled the stronghold. Important . . . Map (db m78603) HM
39Nova Scotia (Annapolis County), Annapolis Royal — Wharf & WaterfrontHistoric Lower Saint George Street
In the early hours of July 4, 1724, a combined force of Mi’kimaq and Maliseet warriors attacked Annapolis Royal, slipping into the town as its residents slept. They attacked the fort from the cover of the hollow near the east bastion. Although the . . . Map (db m78702) HM
40Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Fortress of LouisbourgLa forteresse de Louisbourg
English: In 1713, France decided to found Louisbourg to defend her colonial and maritime interests in North America. As capital of the colony of Isle Royale and guardian the Gulf of Saint. Lawrence, it became the most important French . . . Map (db m79915) HM
41Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — French Garrison at Louisbourg
English: This tablet commemorated the valour and endurance displayed against overwhelming odds, by the French forces, who, in 1745 and again in 1758, garrisoned the defensive batteries on the Island opposite the entrance to the harbour of . . . Map (db m79968) HM
42Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — French Naval Guns
French Naval Guns raised by the Dominion Coal Company in 1895 from the bottom of Louisburg Harbour and mounted at the Louisburg Railroad Station presented to the Fortress of Louisburg National Historic Site by the Dominion Steel . . . Map (db m142962) HM
43Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Lighthouse PointLa pointe du phare
English: During the 1745 and 1758 sieges the attackers built artillery batteries on Lighthouse Point to silence the Island Battery. This would have allowed warships to enter the harbour for a combined land and sea assault on the town. The . . . Map (db m142964) HM
44Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Louisbourg HarbourLe port de Louisbourg
English: Louisbourg’s destiny has been largely shaped by its harbour. Well-protected, relatively deep and close to the fishing banks, it was the harbour that attracted the French to settle here in the 1700s. In the 19th century ice-free . . . Map (db m79963) HM
45Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Marie Marguerite Rose(1717-1757)
English: Captured in Africa at the age of 19 and transported to Ile Royale, where she was sold to a member of the colonial elite, Marie Marguerite Rose is seen to be a key figure of the initial phase of Black slavery in Canada. Gaining her . . . Map (db m79917) HM
46Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Slavery / FreedomEsclavage / Liberté
Two panels make up this marker Slavery / Esclavage English: Marie Marguerite Rose was the name given to a young woman captured in Guinea, Africa, sold to French traders and brought to Louisbourg in 1736 as a slave for . . . Map (db m79918) HM
47Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — The Lobster FisheryLe pêche du homard
English: Between 15 May and 15 July the ocean in front of you is dotted with the buoys of the lobster fishery. The Mi’kmaq as well as the French and the English ate lobster and other shellfish during the 18th Century. During the 1754 siege . . . Map (db m79941) HM
48Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — The Siege LandingDébarquement des assiégeants
English: In both sieges the attackers made their initial landings in this cove. In 1745 the French defended the cove with only a small detachment but in 1757 they built and garrisoned extensive fieldworks here. The following year . . . Map (db m142966) HM
49Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Louisbourg — Wolfe’s LandingLe débarquement de Wolfe
English: Here, 8th June, 1758, the men of Brigadier General James Wolfe’s brigade, after having been repulsed with heavy loss by the French troops entrenched westward made their gallant and successful landing. Thus began the operation . . . Map (db m79938) HM
50Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Port Morien — L'industrie du Charbon au Canada / Canada's Coal Industry
Français: Deux mille pieds au sud-est de cet endroit se trouvent les vestiges de la première exploitation régulière d’une mine de charbon en Amérique, commencée par le Français en 1720. Cette industrie, modeste à son origine, est . . . Map (db m139292) HM
51Nova Scotia (Cape Breton Region), Port Morien — The First Coal Workings in North America
Commercial coal mining began in Port Morien in 1720 after a mine had been opened to supply The Fortress at Louisbourg. This was the first commercial coal mine in North America. After the English victory at Louisbourg in 1758, the mine remained in . . . Map (db m139293) HM
52Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Debert — Isgonish-French River Portage
English: This was the chief route of the French and Indians from Cobequid to Isle St. Jean and Louisbourg and later of the British from Halifax to Charlottetown. Français: C’était la route principale des Français . . . Map (db m139192) HM
53Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Lower Truro — First Landing
In 1760-62 near this Head of Cobequid Bay the first English speaking settlers of the Townships of Onslow and Truro landed. Of Ulster Irish, Scottish and English stock, these pioneers were among those brought to Nova Scotia from New England by the . . . Map (db m108717) HM
54Nova Scotia (Colchester County), Tatamagouche — Naval Encounter at Tatamagouche(15th June, 1745)
In this harbour Capt. David Donahew of New England with three armed vessels surprised Lieut. Paul Marin's allied force en route from Annapolis Royal to Louisbourg. He drove them ashore, disheartened the Canadian Indians and prevented the French . . . Map (db m108133) HM
55Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin
[Face] The Acadian village of Beaubassin on this site was founded by settlers from Port Royal around 1672. Upon the arrival of Major Charles Lawrence with British troops in April 1750, the French authorities had the village destroyed in . . . Map (db m106953) HM
56Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Beaubassin 1672-1750
This area was the site of the Acadian village of Beaubassin, first known Bourgeois settlement. Raided in 1696 and again in 1703 by a force from Boston under Captain Ben Church. Occupied by French troops in 1746 who travelled on snowshoes in . . . Map (db m106951) HM
57Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Early Inhabitants
The First Nations Native peoples have lived around the Chignecto Isthmus for thousands of years. Travelling in family groups and small nomadic bands, they moved from area to area harvesting seasonal food sources. Early French explorers were . . . Map (db m112112) HM
58Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Fort Lawrence and English Settlement
Fort Lawrence In the 18th century, the Chignecto Isthmus played an important role in the struggle between France and Britain for North American supremacy. In 1713 the Treaty of Utrecht had failed to clearly establish the border of Nova . . . Map (db m112110) HM
59Nova Scotia (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Un hommage à/A Tribute to Jacob (Jacques) Bourgeois
Fondateur, vers 1672, de Beaubassin premier établissement dans la région de la rivière Missagouèche et initiateur de l'agriculture maraîchère en Acadie Jacob Bourgeois arriva à Port-Royal en 1641 à titre de chirurgien pour la colonie . . . Map (db m107012) HM
60Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Canso
Important as a centre for the North Atlantic fisheries from the 16th century, the islands in Canso Harbour offered a safe haven for fishermen. First frequented by the French and Basques, the area became the site of an extensive . . . Map (db m138598) HM
61Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — The Canso Islands/ Les îles Canso
During the seventeenth century French fishermen came from Cape Breton, across Chedabucto Bay, to fish for cod in thirty foot shallops. Later, the New England colonists came in their schooners. They fished the Banks and dried their fish . . . Map (db m140536) HM
62Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Canso — Where Fishermen Meet / Lieu de rencontre des pêcheurs
Fishermen sailed to this coast before the earliest explorers. In the early 1600s French and Basque fishermen dropped handlines in the waters. By 1725 New Englanders were pulling in cod worth 150,000 pounds (New England currency) . . . Map (db m140554) HM
63Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 4 — Acadian Dyke Building Along the Bay of FundyConstruction de digues le long de la Baie de Fundy
The first settlers of Port Royal must have been aware of the extraordinary fertility of the immense salt marshes that surrounded them The height of the wild grasses alone would have been a clear sign of very productive soil. Until the . . . Map (db m141244) HM
64Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 9 — Chezzetcook, Tracadie and Havre Boucher
Many of the Acadians who escaped, or survived the Great Upheaval of 1755 to 1763, either died of exposure, or were captured and imprisoned as "Prisoners of War". Makeshift detention centers were often old trading posts such as Fort Edward . . . Map (db m141399) HM
65Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — Founding Families of the Acadian Communities Along Tor Bay 1797-1900Familles fondatrices Acadiennes dela Région de Tor Baie 1797-1900
This monument is the creation of Raymond Delorey of Larrys River and the idea was conceived by members of "la Société des Acadiens de la Région de Tor Baie” under the direction of its Executive, President, Jude Avery, Vice President, . . . Map (db m141175) HM
66Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 1 — French Expeditions Aimed At Settling North AmericaExpéditions françaises destinées à s'établir en Amérique du Nord
In 1603, Henry IV, King of France, granted Pierre Dugas, Sieur de Monts, the right to colonize lands in North America between the 40th and 60th degree north latitude. Along with the right to colonize that extensive region, his company was . . . Map (db m141181) HM
67Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 5 — Grand-Pré
Grand Pré (large meadow) settlement began in 1682 when a few families from Port Royal moved there. It is situated near the shores of Minas Basin, an inlet that empties into the Bay of Fundy. By 1707, the population had grown to 580 . . . Map (db m141256) HM
68Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — Le Parc de nos AncêtresThe Park of Our Ancestors
Welcome to our Commemorative Park! This development is a direct result of a cultural awakening following local festivities in 2004, in conjunction with the World Congress of Acadians, which was celebrated throughout Nova Scotia. Our people . . . Map (db m141146) HM
69Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 3 — Samuel de Champlain Meets Captain Savalette On Shores of Tor BayChamplain rencontre le Capitaine Savalette sur les Côtes de Tor Baie
French cartographer and geographer, Samuel de Champlain met Basque fisherman and fishery entrepreneur, Captain Savalette, on the north shores of Tor Bay in 1607. According to authenticated records, Champlain and a group of explorers, . . . Map (db m141209) HM
70Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 2 — Settlement of l’Acadie 1604/1605L’établissement de l’Acadie, 1604/1605
Arriving in 1604, the French settlers built a fort on a small island named Ile Ste Croix at the mouth of the Ste. Croix River, which separates present day New Brunswick and Maine. After a disastrous winter, where 35 of the 79 men died of . . . Map (db m141190) HM
71Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 10 — Settlement of the Tor Bay Area circa 1797
After many visits to this eastern coastline region of mainland Nova Scotia between the years 1763 and 1797, a determined group of Acadian families from Chezzetcook, who were once again searching for peace and freedom, decided that the . . . Map (db m141401) HM
72Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 6 — The Great Upheaval 1755-1763Le grand dérangement
With the founding of Halifax in 1749 as a British naval base, the Acadians became the target of concern and possible displacement. Demands on them to accept and sign an "oath of allegiance” to the British crown were made several . . . Map (db m141258) HM
73Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 8 — The ResettlementRétablissement
The Deportation began in 1755 and ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763. This Treaty not only ended what was perhaps the greatest human atrocity committed in British North America but it also gave Acadians the right to . . . Map (db m141389) HM
74Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Larrys River — 7 — The Scattering of a PeopleLa dispersion d’un peuple
Over the next eight years, or until the signing of the Treaty of Paris in 1763, the Great Upheaval continued in what has become known as the first act of "ethnic cleansing” in North America. In an ill-conceived and desperate plan . . . Map (db m141274) HM
75Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Port Felix — Captain Savalette
Every summer for more than 40 years, beginning in 1565, this Basque fisherman from Saint-Jean-de-Euz sailed to Eskikewa'kik, a district of Mi’kma’ki within the traditional territory of the Mi'kmaq. Here, his crew caught codfish, which . . . Map (db m138605) HM
76Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Port Felix — Welcome to Place Savalette
Welcome to Place Savalette This park has been developed to mark and explain the site of the historic 1607 meeting between Basque fisherman/entrepreneur, Captain Savalette and explorer/cartographer Samuel de Champlain on the shores . . . Map (db m139825) HM
77Nova Scotia (Guysborough County), Whitehead — Port Felix
Village of Port Felix/Molasses Harbour Early Acadians called Port Felix Molasses Harbour because of a keg of molasses washing up on shore. Many Acadian settlers arrived about 1797 after the fall of Louisbourg. Following the American . . . Map (db m140390) HM
78Nova Scotia (Halifax Region), Halifax — Pierre Maillard
This plaque is dedicated to the memory of Pierre Maillard who served as missionary to the Micmac Indians in this country for over thirty years, who succeeded in reconciling the Micmac to British rule, who celebrated the first mass and opened . . . Map (db m77723) HM
79Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — Grand Pre Marsh Body1760-1995
This plaque commemorates the 235th year of the Grand Pre Marsh Body 1760-1995 in honour of the dykeland farmers, past and present, for their 235 years of dedication and sacrifice, and their continuing struggle to protect and maintain these . . . Map (db m138789) HM
80Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — Grand-Pré Rural Historic DistrictArrondissement Historique Rurual de Grand-Pré
English The villages of Grand-Pré and Hortonville, and the fertile farmlands which surround them, comprise one of the oldest settlement and land use patterns of European origin in Canada. Acadians began settling near Grand-Pré in the 1680s, . . . Map (db m78721) HM
81Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — 01 — Statue of EvangelineLa statue d’Évangéline — Longfellow’s Heroine / Héroïne de Longfellow —
English This statue of Evangeline, heroine of Longfellow’s epic poem, Evangeline: A Tale of Acadie, is a powerful emotive symbol of the Deportation. It connects the story of Evangeline to the history of Grand Prê. Two famous . . . Map (db m78723) HM
82Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Attack at Grand Pré/La bataille Grand Pré
On February 11, 1747 Grand Pré was the scene of a surprise attack on Col. Arthur Noble's detachment of British troops from Massachusetts who were billeted in the houses of the inhabitants. A French and Indian force under Coulon de . . . Map (db m140191) HM
83Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Expulsion of the AcadiansLa déportation des Acadiens — (1755-1762) —
English The expulsion of the Acadians began in 1755, on the eve of the Seven Years’ War. Frustrated with the neutrality of the Acadians who refused to swear an unconditional oath of allegiance to the Crown, British forces began the . . . Map (db m78722) HM
84Nova Scotia (Kings County), Grand Pré — The Landscape of Grand Pré/Le Paysage de Grand-PréHow the Battle Unfolded/Le déroulement de la bataille
How the Battle Unfolded During the first half of the 18th century, France and Great Britain were at war for imperial domination of North America. Most Acadians, including those at Grand Pré, wanted to stay out of the conflict and be . . . Map (db m140430) HM
85Nova Scotia (Kings County), Horton Landing — The Tragedy of the Deportation/La tragédie de la Déportation
In 1755, the worldwide struggle for empire between Great Britain and France had tragic consequences for the Acadians of Les Mines and elsewhere in Nova Scotia/Acadie Lt-Col. John Winslow was the Massachusetts officer in charge of the . . . Map (db m140393) HM
86Nova Scotia (Kings County), Hortonville — Horton Landing Cross
Le lit desséché du crique que l’on aperçoit dans le pré à quelques pas d’ici est l’endroit ou furent embarques sur les chaloupes les victimes du Grand Dérangement de 1755 pour être transbordes sur les transports ancres dans le Bassin des Mines. . . . Map (db m138777) HM
87Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — Merligueche
English This site known as the Old French Cemetery, is one of the few links to the Town’s Mi’kmaq and Acadian past. Known by the Mi’kmaq as Merligueche meaning whitecaps which topped the waves in the harbour, the name continued to be used . . . Map (db m78260) HM
88Nova Scotia (Lunenburg County), Lunenburg — The Early Acadian History of LunenburgL’histoire des premiers Acadiens de Lunenburg
English More than a century before the founding of Lunenburg, these lands were inhabited by French-speaking settlers, known as Acadians. Their settlements, including one at Lunenburg, then known by its Mi’kimaq name, Merligueche, began in . . . Map (db m78294) HM
89Nova Scotia (Richmond County), St. Peter's — The French Settlement of Saint-PierreL’établissement français de Saint-Pierre
English Nicolas Denys, a merchant from Tours, France, arrived here in 1650 to restore an abandoned Portuguese fort called San Pedro. He renamed it Saint-Pierre, and set out to pursue fishing and trading - primarily in furs. Fort . . . Map (db m78727) HM
90Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Englishtown — Sainte-Anné
English: Settled, 1629, by Captain Charles Daniel, and site of an early Jesuit Mission. Selected, 1713, as a naval base and one of the principal places in Isle Royale, named Port Dauphin and strongly fortified. Its importance declined with . . . Map (db m80005) HM
91Nova Scotia (Victoria County), Neil's Harbour — Neil's HarbourThe Cabot Trail
English: With its close proximity to abundant fishing grounds, sheltered cove and excellent fish-drying conditions, Neil's Harbour was a popular fishing base for both French and Scottish settlers in the 1700's. Neil MacLennan, . . . Map (db m139870) HM
92Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Cape Forchu — Cheboque
Cheboque The name "Cheboque" comes from the Mi'kmaw word for "big marshes", a very accurate name for this area. Beginning at Arcadia, the Cheboque salt marsh sprawls 343 hectares (837 acres) alongside the Cheboque River. According to a 1607 . . . Map (db m107735) HM
93Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Hubbard's Point — Barges de foin salé de Buttes-AmiraultSalt Haystacks of Amirault's Hill
Jusaqu'aux années 1950 on pouvait encore voir plus de 1000 barges ou meules de foin entre la Pointe-du-Sault et la Pointe-des-Hubbard, surtout dans la région appelée « Passe de pré ». Des hommes habiles à la faux pouvaient faucher environ . . . Map (db m108766) HM
94Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — What and When is Le Village Acadien?Le Village historique acadien, c'est quoi?...c'est quand?
Le Village presents the lifestyle, culture and traditions of the Acadians of Nova Scotia at the turn of the 20th century, approximately 250 years after they first settled in the Pubnico area. This is the longest established Acadian region . . . Map (db m108266) HM
95Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — A Bond with the Sea / A Sustaining FaithUn lien avec la mer / Une foi nourrissante
Before You Step Back in Time... Though Le Village historique acadien is a created outdoor museum, it speaks to truths about the overall Acadian experience in Nova Scotia, and to the particular life and times of the Pubnicos in the . . . Map (db m108272) HM
96Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — Les pionniers acadiens / Acadian PioneersLe Village historique acadien de la Nouvelle-Écosse
Les pionniers acadiens Pubnico est le plus ancien village acadien encore habité par les descendants des familles fondatrices. Vous trouverez, dans l'annuaire téléphonique, près de 400 personnes du nom d'Entremont. Ils sont les descendants . . . Map (db m107971) HM
97Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — Recolter la mer / Harvesting the SeaQuai Dennis Point / Dennis Point Wharf
Récolter la mer Vous êtes debout sur l'un des quais de pêche les plus achalandés au Canada. Autrefois, le hareng était pêché dans des parcs en fascines, ou « nijagans » inventés par les Mi'kmaq. Le poisson entrait dans le parc . . . Map (db m108006) HM
98Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — Sieur Phillippe Mius-d'Entremont1609 - 1699
Foundateur de la Baronnie de Pobomcoup (Pubnico) 1653 Founder of the Barony of Pobomcoup (Pubnico) 1653 Don du reveil de Pombcoup Sculpteur - Albert Deveau - Sculptor Aout - 1998 - August Remplace - Replaced Sculpteur - James . . . Map (db m107967) HM
99Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — What and Where is Acadie? / L'Acadie, c'est quoi?...c'est ou?
There is not now and never has been a single definition of Acadie, or Acadia. It all depends on the time period and one's point of view. Back in the 1600s and early 1700s, Acadie was a loosely defined region that more or less . . . Map (db m108271) HM
100Nova Scotia (Yarmouth County), Lower West Pubnico — Who are the Acadians? / Qui sont les Acadiens?
Acadians themselves can best answer this question, and our staff looks forward to sharing stories and insights into Acadian history and culture. We are also pleased to share some information on this panel for your reading pleasure. As Acadie was . . . Map (db m108270) HM

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Dec. 3, 2022