“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission Historical Markers

Scores of markers placed by the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission to commemorate the state''s rich Civil War history.
View of Arkansas Post Museum State Park near marker. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
View of Arkansas Post Museum State Park near marker.
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Gillett — 10 — Battle of Arkansas Post
On January 9, 1863, Gen. John McClernand and Adm. David D. Porter led a 30,000 man army and a flotilla of Union gunboats up the Arkansas River to confront Gen. T.J. Churchill's 5,000 Confederates at Arkansas Post. The gunboats bombarded Fort Hindman . . . — Map (db m107701) HM
Arkansas (Ashley County), Hamburg — 98 — Ashley County in the Civil War / 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment
Front Ashley County in the Civil War Thirteen companies were raised and organized in Ashley County for Confederate service during the Civil War: Co. F, 2nd Arkansas Cavalry; Cos. A, B, K and L, 3rd Arkansas Infantry; Co. F, 8th . . . — Map (db m107691) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — 83 — Van Winkle's Mill

Peter Van Winkle’s saw mill cut lumber for Confederate soldiers’ winter quarters at Cross Hollow and Oxford Bend in early 1862. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Confederates used the mill to grind corn after their March 1862 defeat at Pea Ridge, and . . . — Map (db m90738) HM

Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — 18 — Civil War Healing
The Eureka Springs area's reputation as a health resort has its origins in the Civil War. Late 19th-century accounts claim Dr. Alvah Jackson treated sick and wounded soldiers during the war. In early 1865, Maj. J. W. Cooper, who led Confederate . . . — Map (db m59967) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — 79 — Lakeport in the Civil War
Side 1 When Arkansas went to war in 1861, Lycurgus and Lydia Johnson and their family stayed with their home at Lakeport. By 1862, U.S. gunboats were common on the Mississippi River, and on Sept. 6, 1862, Confederate troops burned 158 . . . — Map (db m89797) HM
Arkansas (Clark County), Caddo Valley — 65 — Confederate Manufacturing / The Military Road
(Side One) Confederate Manufacturing Arkadelphia was a manufacturing center for Confederate Arkansas early in the Civil War. Gen. Thomas Hindman established a powder works and an arsenal in 1862, producing guns, cannon, bullets, . . . — Map (db m96557) HM
Arkansas (Conway County), Plummerville — 100 — Conway County in the Civil War / Murder of John Clayton
Side 1 Conway County in the Civil War Conway County men served in both the Union and Confederate armies in the Civil War. Co. I, 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles, Co. B, Carroll’s Cavalry, Co. I, 36th Arkansas Infantry, . . . — Map (db m96451) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 95 — Last Confederate Veteran
The last Confederate veteran living in Arkansas, William Murphy Loudermilk, is buried here in Keller’s Chapel Cemetery. Private Loudermilk, who was born Oct. 17, 1847, joined a North Carolina regiment in the Army of Tennessee at age 16 and fought at . . . — Map (db m116195) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 96 — Troops Raised in Craighead County
Several companies were raised in Craighead County for the Confederate army. Co. I of the 13th Arkansas Infantry – the “Confederate Grays” – formed in 1861. A company of the 23rd Arkansas Infantry and Co. I of the 30th . . . — Map (db m116186) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — 62 — The Sultana Tragedy
On April 27, 1865, the steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River. She was heading north, dangerously overloaded with some 2,200 passengers, most of them freed Union prisoners of war from the Andersonville and Cahaba camps. A . . . — Map (db m116352) HM
Arkansas (Cross County), Wittsburg — 28 — Wittsburg in the Civil War
After Arkansas seceded from the Union in May 1861, Confederate officers began to recruit in the Wittsburg area. Companies B, D, F and K of the 5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment were organized at Wittsburg June 12-14, 1861. David Cross, for whom Cross . . . — Map (db m116179) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — 64 — Skirmish at Amos Bayou
In mid-February 1863, Confederate troops at Cypress Bend fired on Union transports on the Mississippi River. On Feb. 19, a force of Union cavalry and mule-mounted infantry set out in pursuit. The Union troops drove off enemy pickets before . . . — Map (db m107693) HM
Arkansas (Drew County), Monticello — 91 — Drew County Troops
(side 1) Sixteen Confederate companies were raised in Drew County during the Civil War. Two, the "Confederate Stars" and "Selma Rifles," joined the 3rd Arkansas Infantry and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia. Three, the "Cut-off . . . — Map (db m85087) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 82 — Cadron in the Civil War
Confederate forces used Cadron as a base in the war’s early years, and Union troops were here after taking Little Rock in September 1863. The site was valuable for the saw and grist mills nearby, the telegraph line that ran to Little Rock, and the . . . — Map (db m96452) HM
Arkansas (Independence County), Batesville — 14 — Batesville During The Civil War
Union soldiers occupied Batesville twice during the Civil War. Gen. Samuel Curtis's Army of the Southwest camped near this site in May 1862 while threatening Little Rock. Union troops were impressed with the town's culture and appearance, saying . . . — Map (db m70557) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — 60 — Shelling of Jacksonport
In spring 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas Hindman sent the C.S.S. Maurepas under Capt. Joseph Fry up the White River to destroy Union supplies at Jacksonport and Grand Glaize. Fry arrived on June 2, 1862, and began shelling Jacksonport. Union . . . — Map (db m116187) HM
Arkansas (Johnson County), Clarksville — 103 — Clarksville in the Civil War / Depredations
Side 1 Clarksville in the Civil War Clarksville was a key point in the defense of the Arkansas River Valley during the Civil War. Confederate troops occupied the town several times before Union forces took Little Rock . . . — Map (db m96447) HM
Arkansas (Lee County), Moro — 44 — Moro in the Civil War / Prelude to Helena
Moro in the Civil War The town of Moro was established in 1850 and about 700 people lived here and nearby when the Civil War began in 1861. Union troops from the 1st Indiana, 1st Missouri, 9th Illinois, 5th Kansas, 2nd Wisconsin, and 3rd . . . — Map (db m116247) HM
Arkansas (Lincoln County), Tyro — 81 — The Orphan Company
In 1861, John G. Gibson recruited a company at Tyro, Ark., that would become Co. H, 3rd Arkansas Infantry, nicknamed the Orphan Company, in the Army of Northern Virginia. Thirty-three Arkansas men joined in 1861, 22 in 62, and one in 63. Kentuckians . . . — Map (db m107698) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Austin — 138 — Austin in the Civil War
As the Civil War began, the Caroline Home Guard formed at Austin on June 29, 1861. The “Austin Rifles” became Co. I, 5th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A. Both Union and Confederate troops camped at Austin during the war and Federal troops tore . . . — Map (db m116330) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Carlisle — 90 — Action at Ashley's Station
On Aug. 24, 1864, Confederate Gen. J.O. Shelby and his men, wearing captured Union uniforms, attacked a series of forts protecting hay-cutting operations between modern-day Carlisle and Hazen. Confederate artillery blasted the forts held by the 54th . . . — Map (db m96453) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — 16 — Hicks' Station in the Civil War
Hicks' Station, located on the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad between DeValls Bluff and Huntersville (N Little Rock), guarded the eastern approaches to the capital city. During the Little Rock Campaign, Confederate cavalry used it as a staging area . . . — Map (db m72142) HM WM
Arkansas (Miller County), Rondo — 7 — Confederate Records Stored at Rondo
When Gen. Frederick Steele's Union army invaded southwest Arkansas in April 1864, threatening the Confederate state capital at Washington, Gov. Harris Flanagin moved the state archives to Rondo, where they were deposited in James Abraham's store. . . . — Map (db m96022) HM
Arkansas (Nevada County), Prescott — 45 — Skirmishes at Prairie D'Ane
Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate army held strong earthworks on the western edge of Prairie D’Ane when Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union troops approached on April 10, 1864, and dug their own trenches. After heavy fighting on the 10th, the combatants . . . — Map (db m96559) HM
Arkansas (Ouachita County), Chidester — 25 — 1st Kansas Colored Infantry
The 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, a regiment that included many former Arkansas slaves, was formed in August 1862, the first black unit recruited during the war. 1st Kansas troops were the first black men to see combat, losing 10 killed and 12 . . . — Map (db m56624) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Barton — 84 — Lick Creek Skirmish
After the Jan. 11, 1863, battle at Arkansas Post, Gen. Willis Gorman led troops from Helena on a raid up the White River. Col. Powell Clayton and 1,200 cavalrymen went to Big Creek west of Helena when a patrol of 25 men of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry . . . — Map (db m107709) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — 51 — Seven Confederate Generals
Front Seven Phillips Co. men served as generals in the Confederate army. Patrick Cleburne, perhaps the most acclaimed Arkansas general, led an Army of Tennessee division and proposed freeing slaves if they would fight for the . . . — Map (db m107716) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — 52 — U.S.C.T. in Helena
On April 6, 1863, Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas made a speech at Ft. Curtis seeking to enlist former slaves into the U.S. army. The next day, hundreds of black men joined the 1st Arkansas Infantry (African Descent). Later designated U.S. Colored . . . — Map (db m107825) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — 2 — DeValls Bluff in the Civil War
DeValls Bluff was strategically important to both the Union and Confederate armies as a major White River port and as head of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad. It became a key Union supply depot after its fall 1863 occupation, as well as a haven . . . — Map (db m96455) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — 41 — Memphis and Little Rock Railroad
The Memphis and Little Rock Railroad was the first railroad to run in Arkansas. It was chartered in 1853, but when the Civil War began, only two sections were complete. One, running from DeValls Bluff to north of Little Rock, was finished in January . . . — Map (db m96454) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 85 — Bayou Metre Hornets
The 4th Arkansas Infantry Battalion (C.S.) enlisted at Little Rock on Nov. 10, 1861. It included Capt. T.F. Murff’s Co. A, the ‘Bayou Metre Hornets,’ which had received a flag at an Oct. 18 barbecue at modern-day Jacksonville. The regiment fought at . . . — Map (db m116350) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 135 — Confederates at Bayou Meto
Following their defeat at the July 4, 1863, Battle of Helena, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price’s infantry division fell back to Des Arc and Searcy. Price assumed command of the Confederate army in Arkansas on July 23 and Gen. James Fagan took over . . . — Map (db m116472) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 118 — Marmaduke-Walker Duel
Following the Aug. 27, 1863, battle at Bayou Meto, Confederate Gen. John Marmaduke asked to be removed from under Gen. Lucius M. Walker’s command. The two generals were at odds over actions at Helena and Brownsville earlier in 1863. Marmaduke’s . . . — Map (db m116265) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 1 — The Arsenal Crisis
The Civil War could have begun at this U.S. Arsenal. As other states seceded, rumors that reinforcements were heading for the Arsenal led around 1,000 militia from south and east Arkansas to demand the surrender of the garrison. On Feb. 12, 1861, . . . — Map (db m116214) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 73 — The Camden Expedition
On March 23, 1864, Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army south from Little Rock to join another army in Louisiana and invade Texas. After fighting at Elkins' Ferry and Prairie D'Ane, Steele's hungry army occupied Camden. Disastrous defeats at . . . — Map (db m116237) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 34 — C.S.S. Pontchartrain
The elegant steamboat Lizzie Simmons was built in 1859 and ran between Memphis and New Orleans until the Confederate Navy bought her in 1861 and converted her into a gunboat, the C.S.S. Pontchartrain. The vessel fought on the . . . — Map (db m116257) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 36 — Confederate Fortifications
Fearing a Union attack on Little Rock, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price ordered his men to fortify the high ground on the north side of the Arkansas River in the summer of 1863. A strong network of earthen works soon developed, including some in what . . . — Map (db m116251) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 35 — Huntersville
Arkansas's sole Civil War rail line, the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad, ran from DeValls Bluff to what is now North Little Rock. After U.S. troops occupied the capital in 1863, the Union army built warehouses, shops, and other railroad facilities . . . — Map (db m116260) HM
Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 92 — 11th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.
The 11th Arkansas Infantry organized at Benton in July 1861 and Saline County men served in 6 of its 10 companies. The 11th was captured in the Island No. 10 campaign in April 1862 and spent 5 months in Union prisons, later serving in Louisiana and . . . — Map (db m96586) HM
Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 87 — Saline County in the Civil War
Saline County held 6,640 people in 1860, including 749 slaves. Jabez M. Smith, the county’s secession convention delegate, voted to leave the Union. The Saline Guards formed in 1861 and became Co. E, 1st Arkansas Infantry (C.S.). Their captain, . . . — Map (db m96592) HM
Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 77 — Saline County Records
As Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army marched toward Little Rock in the summer of 1863, Saline County officials feared their records would be seized or destroyed. They met Aug. 31, 1863, and saying the Union “function is to cut up, mutilate, . . . — Map (db m96593) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — 15 — Confederate [and] Union Occupation of Fort Smith

[Side A] On April 23, 1861, the U.S. garrison at Fort Smith abandoned the post as Confederate militiamen approached. Fort Smith became an important recruiting and training center for Confederate forces in west Arkansas. Troops from Fort . . . — Map (db m57916) HM

Arkansas (White County), Bald Knob — 27 — Confederate Salt Works Destroyed
Gen. J.R. West led 3,094 U.S. cavalrymen in pursuit of 4,000 Confederate horsemen under Col. T.H. McCray and Gen. J.O. Shelby on Aug. 6, 1864. The U.S. troops rode to Austin, Stony Point, Searcy, and Augusta. On Aug. 11, troops of the 10th Illinois . . . — Map (db m116192) HM
Arkansas (White County), Gum Springs — 32 — Action at Des Arc Bayou
On July 8, 1864, a column of 221 men of the 10th Illinois Cavalry headed for Searcy to confront Gen. J.O. Shelbys Confederates, who were operating in the area. They set up camp at Des Arc Bayou on July 13. At 4:30 a.m. July 14, around 500 men under . . . — Map (db m116328) HM
Arkansas (White County), Kensett — 6 — Action At Whitney's Lane
Front One hundred Texas Rangers and 50 local men on May 19, 1862, attacked a foraging party from the 17th Missouri Infantry (U.S.), a unit composed largely of German troops, fighting near here along Whitney's Lane. Union losses were 22 . . . — Map (db m116212) HM
Arkansas (White County), Searcy — 37 — Brig. Gen. Dandridge McRae
Born in Alabama Oct. 10, 1829, Dandridge McRae moved to Arkansas in 1849. A lawyer, he recruited Confederates in 1861 and led a battalion at Wilson's Creek and a regiment at Pea Ridge. Promoted to brigadier general Nov. 5, 1862, he was the only . . . — Map (db m116321) HM
Arkansas (White County), Searcy — 39 — Searcy Landing in the Civil War / Guerrilla War on the Little Red
Searcy Landing in the Civil War Searcy Landing was a steamboat stop with cotton warehouses before the war. On May 9, 1862, Col. P.J. Osterhaus's 3rd Division of the Union Army of the Southwest built a bridge across the Little Red River, . . . — Map (db m116325) HM
Arkansas (White County), West Point — 38 — Naval Combat at West Point / Combat on the Little Red River
Naval Combat at West Point The U.S. gunboat Cricket steamed up the Little Red River Aug. 14, 1863, hunting the Confederate steamboats Kaskaskia and Tom Sugg. She captured the vessels at Searcy Landing and destroyed a . . . — Map (db m116269) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Augusta — 50 — Action at Fitzhugh's Woods
Col. Christopher C. Andrews led 231 men of the 3rd Minnesota Infantry and 8th Missouri Cavalry to Woodruff Co. on April 1, 1864, to disrupt recruiting by Confederate Gen. Dandridge McRae. Marching 12 miles north of Augusta, and almost capturing . . . — Map (db m116188) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Cotton Plant — 20 — Action at Cotton Plant
After threatening Little Rock, the Union Army of the Southwest marched east toward Helena. On July 7, 1862, three miles north of here, around 1,000 Confederates of the 12th and 16th Texas Cavalry attacked Union soldiers protecting the main force . . . — Map (db m116250) HM

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