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Historical Markers in New Brunswick

256 markers matched your search criteria. The first 200 markers are listed. Next 56
 
Combat of the/du Petitcodiac Marker image, Touch for more information
By William Fischer, Jr., July 29, 2017
Combat of the/du Petitcodiac Marker
New Brunswick (Albert County), Hillsborough — Combat of the/du Petitcodiac

Near this town on 3rd September 1755, a detachment of Major Frye's troops, sent from Fort Cumberland to destroy Acadian settlements on the river and compel the people to surrender for deportation, was defeated by a French force under Charles . . . — Map (db m106630) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — the ebb and flow of Fundy / flux et reflux des eaux de Fundy

Imagine 100 billion tons of water moving in and out of a bay twice every 25 hours. Powered by the gravitational pull of the moon and the sun, Fundy's tides are among the highest in the world and vary daily with the changing positions of . . . — Map (db m106860) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — the Flowerpots / les pots de Fleurs

Although the flowerpot rocks come in a variety of different shapes and sizes, they have all been formed over millions of years by the dynamic movements of the earth and erosion from glaciers, tides, snow, ice and winds.

The story of the . . . — Map (db m106812) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — 18th Century Anchor

This 18th century anchor retrieved from the Petitcodiac River at Hopewell Cape in 1981 by Jack Weldon

Donated to the Albert County Historical Society by his wife Grace and sons James, Thomas and Dale

This plaque was . . . — Map (db m106638) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — Albert County Court HouseLa palaise de justice du comté d'Albert

Designed by local architect Watson Reid, this magnificent Court House was built in 1904 partially on the same foundation as the original that was lost to fire earlier. The County Council reluctantly agreed to pay the whopping $4,495 price . . . — Map (db m106750) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — Albert County Museum / Musée du comté d'Albert

This small rectangle of land was part of a 738 acre tract originally granted to Robert Dickson Esq. and Jesse Converse on 8 May 1789. The original land grant encompassed all of present day Hopewell Cape. Later, after being acquired by the . . . — Map (db m106770) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — County Gaol / La prison du comté

An original Shiretown building, the bottom floor of the Gaol was built with three cells and a gaol keeper's apartment. The second story was added around 1902 to provide better accommodations for the gaol keeper's family.

À l'origine . . . — Map (db m106769) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — County Records Office / Le bureau des archives du comté

An original Shiretown building where all real estate and some other legal transactions were recorded. The records also include County births, marriages and livestock identifiers.

À l'origine un édifice du chef-lieu du comté, les . . . — Map (db m106646) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — County Tax Office / La perception du comté
An original Shiretown building where County citizens made their remittances. The pressed tin interior is a Victorian era addition that contributes to the building's pleasant ambiance.

À l'origine un édifice du chef-lieu du comté, les . . . — Map (db m106705) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — Hopewell Cape Community HallLa salle communautaire de Hopewell Cape

As Hopewell Cape grew as the centre of County activity, the need for a Community Hall became apparent. This hall was built around 1870 to satisfy that need. Extensive refurbishment has returned it to a fully functioning centre of . . . — Map (db m106749) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — Right Honourable Richard Bedford BennettPrime Minister of Canada — August 7, 1930 - October 22, 1935 —

Viscount of Mickelham, Calgary and Hopewell

[Burgundy marker on monument] Rt. Hon. Richard Bedford Bennett 1870-1947

Born at Hopewell Hill, New Brunswick, Bennett moved to Calgary in 1897. A member of the legislature of the . . . — Map (db m106707) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — Silver Jubilee Lodge and LibraryLa loge et la bibliotèque "Silver Jubilee"

Built in the early 1900's, this building was converted into the Silver Jubilee Lodge and Library for the Hopewell Cape Boys Club. It later served as a branch of the local regional library system. It has been restored to its 1935 . . . — Map (db m106641) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Hopewell Cape — WWI 10cm K 14 German Field Gun1914 - 1919
. . . — Map (db m106632) HM
New Brunswick (Albert County), Riverside-Albert — Abner Reid McClelanJan. 4, 1830 - Jan. 30, 1917 — M.P.P. 1854-1867 • Senator 1867-1896 • Lieut. Governor 1896-1902 —

A. R. McClelan was born in Riverside. At age twenty-three he entered politics and was elected to represent Albert County in the New Brunswick House of Assembly. He was a keen supporter of Confederation, and after Confederation in 1867 he became . . . — Map (db m106867) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Riverside-Albert — Early Irish Families to Albert CountyAs Éirinn go dtí an áit seo

Alcorn • Bailey • Barber • Barrett Bartley • Beatty • Beck • Bell Berryman • Balkeney • Bogle • Boyle Breen • Buchanan • Cahill • Cairns Campbell • Carnwath • Carr • Carty Clark • Cochran • Collins • Connors Crossman • Curry • . . . — Map (db m106862) HM

New Brunswick (Albert County), Riverside-Albert — War MemorialLest We Forget — "Their Name Liveth Forever More" —

[front] In grateful remembrance of all those who served in past conflicts In memory of those who gave all

Boer War 1899-1902 • W.W.I 1914-1918 W.W.II 1939-1945 • Korean 1950-1953

At the going down of the sun and in the . . . — Map (db m106865) WM

New Brunswick (Carleton County), Hartland — Hartland Salmon Pool / Fosse à saumon de Hartland
(English:) Historic salmon harvesting area of First Nations People and Loyalists. In the first half of the 20th century, the pool became internationally renowned as a sport fisherman's paradise. (Français:) Zone . . . — Map (db m138996) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Hartland — St. John River
Named on June 24, 1604 – the feast day of St. John the Baptist – during the expedition of Sieur de Monts and Samuel de Champlain the river originates in northern Maine and flows 673 kilometers emptying into the Bay of Fundy at Saint . . . — Map (db m138997) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Hartland — Town of Hartland
• Settled 1802 by William Orser United Empire Loyalist near where the Becaguimac Stream flows into the St. John River • Originally known as Mouth of the Becaguimac • Becaguimac — Abekaquimek — Maliseet for salmon bed • . . . — Map (db m138999) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — 3rd Field Artillery Regiment, RCA(The Loyal Company) — 1793-1993 —
English:This plaque commemorates the bicentenary of the 3rd Field Artillery Regiment (The Loyal Company), Royal Canadian Artillery, formed in Saint John, New Brunswick, on May 4, 1793 as “The Loyal Company of Artillery” . . . — Map (db m139194) HM WM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — 7.7cm Feldkanone (Field Cannon) / Canon de terrain
(English:) Captured World War I German 77mm field gun manufactured by Krupp Armaments in Germany and introduced in 1896. Model: C96n/A Calibre: 77mm Maximum Range: 9186 yards (5 Miles) Weight: 1930 lbs. (8 75kg) Rate of Fire: 10 . . . — Map (db m138994) HM WM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Atherton's Harness Store/Magasin de harnais de F.L. AthertonMain Street/rue Principale
F. L. Atherton, Harness Maker, operated on the town square for many years. “Fred,” the plaster model horse, stood silently outside the shop displaying the wares. In 1951 "Fred” was sold to a museum in Maine. . . . — Map (db m138908) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Bailey House / Maison Bailey130 Chapel Street / 130, rue Chapel
English: Believed to have been built in the 1860’s for the Hon. Charles Connell, this Gothic Revival house was leased to Charles Bailey, a shoemaker and carpenter from the 1870’s through to his death in 1902. Bailey may have been . . . — Map (db m140137) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Carleton County Court House / Palais je Justice du comté de Carleton689 Main Street / 689 rue Principale
(English:) The Court House was built in two phases twenty years apart. The left half, completed in 1889, was designed by architect J. G. Fletcher, to house the Records Office. The upper half, with the cornerstone laid on July 31, . . . — Map (db m137483) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Carleton County Gaol / Prison du Comté de CarletonMaple Street / rue Maple
(English:) The jail was built in 1901, with H. H. Mott as architect and R. Maxwell of Saint John as contractor. It was in use until 1993. Three hangings took place in the yard of this jail: George Gee in 1904, Thomas Cammack in . . . — Map (db m138900) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Carlisle Hotel / Hôtel CarlisleMain Street / Rue Main
(English:) Originally built as the Gibson House in 1873 by Alex Gibson and his son, John, it stood on Connell St. Following the 1881 fire that wiped out most of the buildings on Main St., the Gibsons built a new hotel at the . . . — Map (db m138895) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Connell House/Maison Connell
Lumber merchant and politician, Charles Connell had this house constructed circa 1840. Its pedimented front and freestanding columns make it a fine example of the Greek Revival style. Such houses inspired by classical temples are rare . . . — Map (db m139149) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Dr. Brown House / Maison du Dr. Brown121 Chapel Street / 121, rue Chapel
English: This Classic Revival, 2 1/2 story house was built in 1896 for bank manager Mr. George White (1861-1922), and sold to Dr. J.F. Leigh Brown in 1920. Dr. Brown had just returned to Woodstock after being the Chief Medical . . . — Map (db m139199) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Dr. Prescott Private Hospital / Hôpital privé Dr Prescott712 Main Street / 712, rue Main
(English:) The Prescott House was built circa 1840 by Robert Neilson. Dr. Alfred Prescott purchased the building in 1909 for use as a private hospital and it remained in use until closing in 1927. It served as apartments and . . . — Map (db m138899) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Dr. W.D. Rankin House / Maison du Dr. W.D. Rankin737 Main Street / 737, rue Main
English: In 1905 Woodstock physician and surgeon Dr. William D. Rankin, who had been instrumental in establishing the first Carleton County Hospital three years previously, purchased this house from John Fisher, one of the owners . . . — Map (db m139198) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Flemming House / La Maison Flemming126 Chapel Street / 126, rue Chapel
English: Built c1905 for R. Norman Loane, this four square Edwardian house was designed by the same architect who built St. James United Church. Two provincial premiers have lived in this house: J. K. Flemming (premier from 1911 to . . . — Map (db m139195) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — George Connell House / Maison George Connell124 Connell Street / 124, rue Connell
Built circa 1868 this house is considered to be the best example of High Victorian architecture in Woodstock. The house was built on land that was originally part of the grounds of the Honourable Charles Connell House. It is possible that . . . — Map (db m139106) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Hay House/La maison Hay134 Connell Street/134, rue Connell
This Edwardian house, the home of Murray Hay, was built in 1904. It has a decorative verandah and a stained glass window in the dormer, facing the scenic Meduxnekeag river. Mr. Hay was a well known businessman for many years. . . . — Map (db m139183) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Hon. Charles Connell House/La maison Charles Connell128 Connell Street/128, rue Connell
Built in 1839 for Hon. Charles Connell. It represents the peak of classicism in Woodstock architecture. It is Greek Revival, its essence being the Greek Temple look. Wood is used here to imitate stone. Purchased by the Carleton County . . . — Map (db m139176) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Judge Jones House / Maison du Juge Jones119 Chapel Street / 119, rue Chapel
(English:) This house was built in 1856-1857 for Edwin Fisher, one of the owners of the Small and Fisher foundry. It is considered to belong to the "picturesque cottage style", a variation on gothic. The house is known as the "Judge . . . — Map (db m138993) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — L. P. Fisher Library/Bibliothèque L. P. Fisher679 Main Street/679, rue Principale
L. P. Fisher (1821-1905) was the first mayor of Woodstock, from 1856-1880. He was a lawyer and he advocated free public education and technical training. Due to his advocacy he left a free public hospital (his private residence), a . . . — Map (db m138868) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — L.P. Fisher Vocational School / École professionnelle L.P. Fisher138 Chapel Street / 138, rue Chapel
(English:) Constructed in 1913 in accordance with the wishes of the Lewis Peter Fisher estate, the L.P. Fisher Vocational School was erected to provide vocational training for the county's youth. It was deeded to the County and . . . — Map (db m138990) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — McLean Dairy / Laiterie McLean127 Chapel Street / 127, rue Chapel
English: This dwelling is a reminder of an era when small towns produced more of their own food. Built by local carpenter James McLean for his family in 1890, the lot included a barn where they kept the cows which supported a . . . — Map (db m139577) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Methodist Parsonage / Presbytère méthodiste132 Chapel Street / 132, rue Chapel
English: Built for the Hon. Charles Connell about 1855, this is probably the oldest surviving brick house in Woodstock. The mansard roof, which gives the house a Second Empire appearance, was added in 1880. The house may have . . . — Map (db m139193) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Newnham & Slipp Pharmacy / Pharmacie Newnham & SlippMain Street / rue Principale
(English:) With "thirty new fish-barrels of my stock in trade", is how William T. Baird described his 1839 start in the drugstore business. Bought in Saint John, his stock traveled up the St. John River - from Fredericton to . . . — Map (db m138898) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Saint James United Church / Église unie Saint James120 Chapel Street / 120, rue Chapel
(English:) Built in 1908 to the Romanesque revival design of architect H.H. Mott and replacing an earlier wooden church on the same site, Saint James's red brick and sandstone exterior make it unique among Woodstock's churches. . . . — Map (db m138992) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — St. Luke's Anglican Church / Église anglicane St. Luke's104 Church Street / 104, rue Church
(English:) Completed in 1884, St. Luke's Anglican Church is the third Anglican Church to be erected on this site, its uncompleted predecessor having been destroyed by the Woodstock Fire of 1881. The first church erected on this site . . . — Map (db m138897) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Wolverton House / Maison Wolverton123 Chapel Street / 123, rue Chapel
English: Built in 1889-1890 in the Classic Revival style for Mr. James Wolverton (1856-1917) and his wife Eva (Hovey) this was originally operated as a boarding house. At the time it was said to have one of the finest bathrooms in . . . — Map (db m139197) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Women's Institute Home / Maison de l'Institut féminin129 Chapel Street / 129, rue Chapel
English: The Women's Institute is a Canadian innovation, founded at the close of the 19th century as a discussion and action group for rural women. New Brunswick's WI was organized in 1911, at about the same time as Woodstock . . . — Map (db m139196) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Woodstock Baptist Church / Église Baptiste de Woodstock694 Main Street / 694, rue Main
(English:) The early 1800s were a time of religious ferment in New Brunswick, and there are records of Baptist meeting houses in Woodstock as early as 1813. A Free Christian Baptist Church was organized here in 1834. This Gothic . . . — Map (db m138896) HM
New Brunswick (Carleton County), Woodstock — Woodstock World War II Memorial
In honour of the men and women of Canada who served on land, sea, and air overseas and at home during World War II 1939-1945 Dedicated 8 May 2005 60th anniversary V-E Day Lest We Forget — Map (db m138866) WM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A Checkered History / Une historie mouvementée
English: In 1984, the United States Congress designated Saint Croix Island an international historic site in recognition of the historical significance of the Island to the United States and Canada. The majestic Saint Croix . . . — Map (db m144503) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A French Colony in Acadie / Une colonie française en Acadie
English: ”Having found no place more suitable than this island... Sieur de Monts… allowed me to draw up the plan of our settlement." Seventy-nine men, including noblemen, artisans, labourers, Catholic and . . . — Map (db m144499) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A Place to Settle / Un endroit où s’établir
English: Sieur de Monts named the island Saint Croix Island, and Champlain recorded that: "The island is covered with fir, birch, maple, and oak. It is naturally well located... and is easy to fortify... We considered this the . . . — Map (db m144498) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — A Winter of Despair / Un hiver de désespoir
English: ”It was difficult to know the country without having wintered there... Winter came upon us sooner than we had expected..." Could you survive a winter on Saint Croix Island if... • dangerous ice cut you . . . — Map (db m144501) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — In Champlain’s Footsteps / Sur les traces de Champlain
English: The precise mapping of Acadie in the 17th century was the work of one individual — Samuel de Champlain. Between May 1604 and August 1605, travelling by barque, pinnace, canoe or on foot, Champlain surveyed and . . . — Map (db m144500) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Moving on / Le déménagement
English: "In order to escape the cold and dreadful winter we experienced on Saint Croix Island, Sieur de Monts decided to move the settlement to another location. Having… found no port that was acceptable to us... we outfitted . . . — Map (db m144502) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Saint Croix Island International Historic Site / Lieu historique international de l'Île Sainte-Croix
English: Welcome On Saint Croix Island in 1604, French nobleman-courtier Pierre Dugua Sieur de Monts established a settlement. This outpost was the first attempt by the French at year-round colonization in the territory they . . . — Map (db m144495) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — The River Flows On... / La rivière poursuit son cours...
English: Samuel de Champlain, explorer and geographer on Sieur de Monts' expedition, recorded in late June 1604 that: ”...we entered a river... wherein...we found two islands — one very small and near the western . . . — Map (db m144496) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Bayside — Where Two Worlds Met / Rencontre de deux mondes
English: the Micmac, Maliseet, and Passamaquoddy hunters and traders provided a commercial lifeline for Sieur de Monts' colony. Their first-hand knowledge of the territory allowed these entrepreneurs to control the supply of furs. . . . — Map (db m144497) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — Campobello's Resort Hotels
In 1881, a group of American businessmen (called themselves the Campobello Company) purchased most of Campobello Island. In an era of summer-long vacations and great summer resorts, the company hoped, by promoting Campobello's charms, to attract, . . . — Map (db m25467) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — James and Sara Roosevelt Cottage
On this site, in 1885, James Roosevelt, businessman and country gentleman of Hyde Park, New york, built the cottage shown below. The Cottage was intended to be a summer retreat for his wife, Sara Delano, and their son Franklin Delano Roosevelt. . . . — Map (db m25456) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — Summer Activities
The Campobello hotels welcomed socializing between their guests and the summer cottage owners. Summer colonists and hotel guests exchanged visits and participated in hotel activities such as excursions aboard the company's small steamboats, field . . . — Map (db m25462) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Campobello — The Summer Colony
Owners of the Campobello Company hoped to enhance their one million-dollar investment by subdividing their land and selling the smaller lots to hotel guests, island residents, and others. Only a few of the lots were actually sold and built upon. . . . — Map (db m25471) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Blockhouse 101Introduction aux blockhaus
English on left What kind of house? A blockhouse is a modest fortified building with a distinctive overhanging upper level. In 18th- and 19th-century North America, both Britain and the United States built many blockhouses for . . . — Map (db m77366) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Greenock Church / L’Église Greenock
English: This elegant church marks the growth of Presbyterianism and the Kirk of Scotland in New Brunswick. Built in 1821-1824, the structure successfully combines the American meeting house form with the British Palladian style. The . . . — Map (db m137515) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Lest We ForgetThey died that we may be free
W.W.I Anning, William • Bartlett, George Leonard • Boone, George • Cork, Alfred • Crichton, Clarence M. • Greenlaw, Ernest • Grimmer, Harold Mackie • Jack, Edward • Key, William James • Markee, Percy • McMullin, Herbert • MacQuoid, Charles Loren . . . — Map (db m77394) WM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — St. Andrews BlockhouseLe Blockhaus de St. Andrews — (West Point Blockhouse) —
This marker consists of two side-by-side plaques, one in English and the other in French. English: The West Point Blockhouse and a battery were erected by the townspeople of St. Andrews at the outbreak of the War of 1812-14 in anticipation . . . — Map (db m77240) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — St. Andrews Historic DistrictArrondissement Historique de St. Andrews
English Founded by Loyalists in 1783, St. Andrews is a fine and rare surviving example of a Canadian town whose plan and character clearly reflect its 18th-century origins. The town retains the four key elements of a British colonial . . . — Map (db m77398) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — St. Croix RiverLa Rivière Sainte-Croix
English From the Chiputneticook Lakes, the waters of the St. Croix River tumble through rolling Appalachian scenery to one of the most historic estuaries in Canada, at Passamaquoddy Bay. Here, French colonization in North America began . . . — Map (db m77395) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Task Force Afghanistan2002-2011
To commemorate the men and women serving in the Canadian Arms Forces and to honour those who made the ultimate sacrifice while serving Canada and the people of Afghanistan. — Map (db m77433) WM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — The 200 Million Year Wait is Over!
Kingsbrae Garden welcomes on of the world’s oldest and rarest trees, Wollemia nobilis; the only one in Canada. An epic journey for a historic little tree, across 90 million years and 10,000 miles. from Wollemi National Park’s Blue Mountains . . . — Map (db m77397) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Two hundred years and countingJeune de deux cents ans
English on left Against the odds Many blockhouses were built in North America, but few have survived. Why is this one still here? Throughout the 19th century the St. Andrews Blockhouse was used for storage and occasionally as a . . . — Map (db m77241) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — War of 1812: Defending St. AndrewsGuerre de 1812: La defense de St. Andrews
English on left No hard feelings Have a look across the St. Croix River to the land on the other side of Navy Island; that’s the United States you can see! When the War of 1812 broke out, the citizen of St. Andrews had little to . . . — Map (db m77363) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Wartime legaciesL’heritage de la guerre
English on left St. Andrews’ citizens step up In 1812, St. Andrews was a young town, founded not long before by Loyalists from New England fleeing the American Revolution. A modest fortification - Fort Tipperary - had been built in . . . — Map (db m77362) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Andrews — Welcome, Enjoy your visit!Bienvenue, Bonne visite!
English on left Welcome to St. Andrews Blockhouse National Historic Site, part of Parks Canada’s diverse and ever-growing system of national park, national historic sites and national marine conservation area. Wartime building . . . — Map (db m77361) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Stephen — A whale of a tale / Historie de cétacé

In the waters off New Brunswick you'll find magnificent creatures of the deep - among them, North Atlantic right whales, humpback whales and finback whales

In New Brunswick, we're proud to live along the beautiful shores of the Bay of . . . — Map (db m106917) HM

New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Stephen — St. Stephen Post OfficeBureau de Post de St. Stephen
English Built in 1885-1887, this building was constructed to house the post office, customs and internal revenue. Designed under federal chief architect Thomas Fuller, the structure is one of a series of building erected to establish a . . . — Map (db m77238) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), St. Stephen — The Milltown Cotton Mill Workers MonumentCe monument est dédié aux travailleurs des usines de coton de Milltown
English on left They came from homes still standing in Milltown and St. Stephens. They were joined by experienced textile workers from England, Scotland, America and French Canada. They included young women, recruited from small towns and . . . — Map (db m77234) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Campobello Company and HotelsLe Campobello Company et les Hôtels
Although visitors had been coming to the island since 1855, Campobello's summer trade did not really prosper until the 1880s - years of long summer vacations and great resorts. A group of Boston and New York businessmen bought most of the . . . — Map (db m63639) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Friar's Head / Le Cap Friar
Friar's Head takes its name from the stone pillar or stack (photo 1) that rises from the beach directly below the observation deck. While occupying Eastport, the British navy was said to have used the stone pillar for target practice, . . . — Map (db m63629) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Lubec, Maine
About 1840, a canal connecting Johnson and South Bays was dug in North Lubec and a dam constructed there to harness tidal energy to power plaster mills. Gypsum (the raw product used to make plaster) and grindstones from the Maritimes were important . . . — Map (db m54995) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Lubec, Maine
Lubec's known history began at a Passamaquoddy Indian encampment at Mill Creek in what came to be called Seward's Neck (now North Lubec). French settlers later came to those shores in the early 1700s, but shortly afterward were driven away by the . . . — Map (db m55023) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Mulholland Point / La pointe Mulholland
[English version] Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse guided many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and foul weather-protected route through the narrow passage between Campobello and Lubec. Steamships, carrying freight . . . — Map (db m54894) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Mulholland Point / La Pointe Mulholland
Built in 1885, the Mulholland Point Lighthouse (photo 1) served as a guide for the many small coasters and freighters taking the shorter and more foul weather-protected route through the Lubec Narrows. Steamships, such as the . . . — Map (db m63593) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Panoramic View of CottagesVue Panoramique des Résidences d'Éte
Two of the Campobello Company's founders, Alex S. Porter and Samuel Wells, and several of the luxury hotel visitors, including James Roosevelt and families by the name of Sturgis, Cochrane, Prince, and Pell purchased land and refurbished or . . . — Map (db m63641) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Passamaquoddy Tidal Power ProjectProjet de Centrale Électrique Marée Motrice
During the years FDR summered on Campobello, the daughter of one of Campobello's summer colonists married Dexter P. Cooper, an eminent American engineer. Cooper studied the tremendous rise and fall of Passamaquoddy Bay's tides and became . . . — Map (db m63611) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Passamaquoddy Tribe / La Tribu Passamaquoddy
Passamaquoddy Bay takes its name from the Native American Passamaquoddy Tribe. The word means People of the Pollock-Spearing Place. The Passamaquoddy have a rich heritage, once occupying much of what is now eastern Maine and western New . . . — Map (db m63617) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — President Franklin Delano Roosevelt1933 - 1945
The Great Depression 1929-1941 The depression was world-wide. In the U.S., the banking system collapsed and 12.8 million people were unemployed. Hardest hit were youth, minorities, the elderly, and workers in the consumer durables industries. . . . — Map (db m54783) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Roosevelt Campobello International ParkLe Parc International Roosevelt de Campobello
The Roosevelt Campobello International Park is a unique example of international cooperation - jointly administered, staffed, and funded by the peoples of Canada and the United States. Established by international treaty in 1964, the . . . — Map (db m63591) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — Roosevelt Campobello Park
Mrs. Lyndon B. Johnson and Mrs. Lester B. Pearson Together opened the Roosevelt Campobello Park on the twenthieth day of August 1964 Lyndon Baines Johnson President of the United States of America and Lester Bowles Pearson Prime Minister of Canada . . . — Map (db m25394) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Welshpool — St. Anne's Anglican Church
This house of God has welcomed worshippers for one hundred years or more. In commemoration of this fact this plaque has been presented in 1967 Canada's Centennial of Confederation Year 1867 - 1967 — Map (db m54939) HM
New Brunswick (Charlotte County), Wilson's Beach — World War II Memorial1939 - 1945
To the Glory of God and the memory of our Immortal Dead Howard Mallock • Lawson Searles Those who served our King and Country Alison Alexander • Ronald Anthony • Wesley Anthony • George Babcock • Lydie Brown • Manning Brown • Raye . . . — Map (db m54938) HM
New Brunswick (Cumberland County), Amherst — Dominion Public Building1935 — Registered Heritage Property —

[title is text] — Map (db m107024) HM

New Brunswick (Cumberland County), Fort Lawrence — Trans Canada Highway

Formal opening of the Nova Scotia portion of the Trans Canada Highway from the New Brunswick border to terminals at Caribou and North Sydney, a distance of 279 miles, took place November 22, 1968, at this point; having been constructed as a . . . — Map (db m106956) HM

New Brunswick (Gloucester County), Caraquet — Le Grand DérangementCaraquet
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, . . . — Map (db m80580) HM
New Brunswick (Gloucester County), Caraquet — The Return of the AcadiansLe retour des Acadiens
English: Because of the vicissitudes of war, the Acadians, pioneers of this country, were dispersed in 1755. The arrival of Alexis Landry at Ste. Anne de Bocage, soon after 1755, symbolizes the return of the Acadians to their beloved . . . — Map (db m80579) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Bouctouche — K.C. Irving1899 - 1992
English: Here, within sight of the farm where he was born and the river where he swam as a boy, stands a monument in honor of the memory and accomplishments of Buctouche’s most famous son Kenneth Colin Irving. Born March 14, 1899, he was one . . . — Map (db m80581) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Bouctouche — K.C. Irving1899-1992
English: This stone marks the site where K.C. Irving built his first service station in 1924 and where he sold Irving Primrose gasoline and Ford cars. Français: Cette pierre marque l’endroit où K.C. Irving a . . . — Map (db m139896) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Cocagne — Cocagne1767-2017
Français: À l'automne 1767, les familles Gueguen, Arseneau, Hébert et Bourg reçoivent les premières concessions de terres accordées à des Acadiens après le Grand Dérangement. En novembre, Cocagne devient la première communauté . . . — Map (db m139701) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Dr. William Francis Kenney and Dr. Francis William Kenney
This Monument is dedicated by the Village of Rexton in grateful commemoration of 74 years (1925-1999) of continuous medical service provided to the people of Kent County by two physicians and surgeons; Dr. William Francis Kenney and his son, Dr. . . . — Map (db m150498) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Hannay's Limited
English: Edward Hannay, regarded as one of the shrewdest horse traders who ever lived, would never pass by a pedestrian. He would say: "He knows something that we don't know, so pick him up." Ned, as he was widely and more . . . — Map (db m150505) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Le Village Historique de Rexton
Connue à l'origine comme « the Yard », la communauté fut fondée en 1825 alors que John Jardine, un constructeur de navire reconnu et respecté, y construisit la première demeure. L'imposante maison se tient encore fièrement debout, rendant hommage au . . . — Map (db m150502) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — MacNarin Family HistoryThe MacNarin Sisters — MacNarin Park —
MacNarin Family History (left panel) In 1817, a Canadian ship, The Dykes, set sail from Scotland for Canada with Capt. Simon Graham in command: On board were lads and lassies from the Scottish towns of Dumfriesshire, Gallowayshire . . . — Map (db m150643) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Old Kingston Hall
English: Originally built as the manse for St. Andrew's Church, the imposing house was constructed in 1880 on a half-acre of land donated by William and Margaret Bowser. Church Trustees' minutes of July 6, 1881 record that the . . . — Map (db m150506) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Saint John's the Evangelist Anglican Church
English: Built in 1884 on land given by the Brait family, its construction was under the direction of the community's first Anglican families, the Forsters and the Palmers. The church was consecrated on September 3rd of that year by . . . — Map (db m150499) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — The Bridges / Les Ponts
English:The BridgesIn the beginning it was the river and the abundance of natural resources in the area that brought the settlers here; but, years later, it would be the building of the bridge across the Richibucto that would . . . — Map (db m150500) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — The Historic Village of Rexton
Originally known as "The Yard", the community was established in 1825 when the widely known and well respected shipbuilder John Jardine built the first home here. The stately house still stands as a memorial to the founder of the village. The . . . — Map (db m150503) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — The Honourable Shawn Michael Graham(2006-2010)
English: Shawn Michael Graham was born on February 22, 1968 in Rexton, New Brunswick. He is the eldest child of Alan Graham and Sharon Crothers, and his step-mother Connie Tramley. His family also includes wife Roxanne Reeves, PhD, . . . — Map (db m150497) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — The Masts / Les Mâts
English:The MastsIn partnership with the Richibucto River Historical Society, the Kingston Maritime Association was organized in 2003 for the purpose of establishing a means of recognizing and preserving the shipbuilding history . . . — Map (db m150501) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Village Historique de Rexton / Rexton Historic Village
English: The village of Rexton was founded in 1825 and officially incorporated, as a village, in 1966. Rexton's population had reached 908 according to the 1996 census. Rexton is located in Southeastern New Brunswick, near the mouth . . . — Map (db m150507) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Rexton — Wooden Ships and Iron Men / Navires en Bois et Hommes de Fer
English:Wooden Ships and Iron Men During the nineteenth century, New Brunswick's booming shipbuilding industry brought great prosperity to the Richibucto River. More than seventy ships of 500 tons and over were built and . . . — Map (db m150504) HM
New Brunswick (Kent County), Saint-Louis-de-Kent — Marcel-François Richard(1847-1915)
Français: Né à Saint-Louis-de-Kent et ordonné prêtre en 1870, Mgr Richard fut l'une des figures de proue de la renaissance acadienne. Il stimula la colonisation afin de centrer l'exode yeti les États-Unis, fonda des écoles, des . . . — Map (db m139702) HM
New Brunswick (Kings County), Sussex — Dominion Building1883 — Sussex Preservation Area Heritage Property —

[Title is text] — Map (db m106869) HM

New Brunswick (Kings County), Sussex — Leonard's Gate
This property, as with so many in the area, once belonged to the estate of George Leonard who arrived in New Brunswick as a Loyalist with the spring fleet of 1783. Although Mr. Leonard had been raised in Plymouth, Massachusetts and owned a home . . . — Map (db m137651) HM
New Brunswick (Kings County), Sussex — Site of One of the First Irving Service Stations

On this site in 1930, K. C. Irving built one of the first Irving service stations. We are proud to donate this land to assist in the development of Peace Park, built for the enjoyment of the citizens of Sussex and their visitors.

Thank you . . . — Map (db m106903) HM

New Brunswick (Kings County), Sussex — War Memorial

In memory of those who gave their lives for freedom and Canada

Map (db m106906) WM

New Brunswick (Kings County), Sussex — War Memorial

1914 ~ 1918 [Honored Dead]

John Andrews • John Bloomfield • Allen Bremner Leonard Bunnell • George Bunnell • Harry Carr George Calhoun • Frederick W. Crawford • George Chapman Guy Chapman • Thomas DeCoursey • John Dawson . . . — Map (db m106908) WM

New Brunswick (Madawaska County), Edmundston — Archibald Fraser(1869-1932)
English: From a start in his family's small sawmill in the 1880s, Archibald came a prominent pioneer of the New Brunswick pulp industry. As the lumber trade fell into decline, he sought new ways to exploit the province's vast forest . . . — Map (db m137447) HM
New Brunswick (Madawaska County), Saint Leonard — Clarence Bourgoin
(Français:) Né en 1946 à Saint-Léonard N.-B., Clarence Bourgoin s'initie très jeune à la peinture. Vers l'âge de 20 ans il partit vivre à Montréal, perfectionna son talent et revint dans sa ville natale avec un bagage artistique . . . — Map (db m139000) HM
New Brunswick (Northumberland County), Blackville — Legend of the Dungarvon Whooper
In the early 19th century, a young cook named Ryan worked in a lumber camp near the Dungarvon River. One day the cook died, probably murdered by the camp boss, while the men were working in the woods. The men returned during a severe snow storm and . . . — Map (db m139798) HM
New Brunswick (Northumberland County), Blackville — Millstones
Henry Reid leased stone quarry sites in the area in the 1870s and 1880s. These unused millstones came from the quarry in Indiantown (now Quarryville). Another Reid stone quarry operated at Blackville during the same period. In addition to . . . — Map (db m139703) HM
New Brunswick (Northumberland County), Miramichi — Lord Beaverbrook
English: From Newcastle paperboy to London press baron, Max Aitken was, in his time, one of the most powerful Canadians on the world's stage. A self-made millionaire, he worked his way into the limelight through a 50-year role in . . . — Map (db m142230) HM
New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Kedgwick — M114 155mm Howitzer

Ce canon a été en service dans les jungles de Burma, tout près de l'Australie et l'Afrique du Nord. Il termina son service en 1996 pour retourner au Canada, par la suite fut donné à la localité de Kedgwick en l'honneur de tout les . . . — Map (db m125694) HM WM

New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Kedgwick — Veterans MemorialKedgwick, N.B.

Hommage a nos veterans

[Dévoué] 11 novembre 1992 ————————————— Tribute to our . . . — Map (db m125732) WM

New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Saint-Quentin — La croix et le coq du clocher / The Steeple Cross and Rooster VaneHaltes à travers le temps / Steps in History

La croix et le coq sont au sommet de la plus haute structure de la Ville de Saint-Quentin. Le coq et la croix du clocher de l'église du Très Saint-Sacrement proviennent de l'église précédente détruite par le feu au soir du . . . — Map (db m125680) HM

New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Saint-Quentin — Le monument aux fondateurs / The Founders MonumentHaltes à travers le temps / Steps in History

La fontaine fut érigée en 1957 en l'honneur des fondateurs de Saint-Quentin, elle est un don de M. Patrick Jean, entrepreneur prolifique de la paroisse. Elle fut construite par. M. Andréas Coulombe.

Le dévoilement du . . . — Map (db m125684) HM

New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Saint-Quentin — Saint-Quentin Hommage militaire / Military Tribute1918 - 2008 — « La Madone » / "The Madonna" —

En l'honneur de la Sainte Patronne, des Acadiens et Acadiennes, des Français que priaient et imploraient les mères, pour qu'elle « protège » et « ramène en vie » leurs fils, de la Guerre. Comme « La Madone », ce « transporteur de . . . — Map (db m125537) HM WM

New Brunswick (Restigouche County), Saint-Quentin — Veterans Memorial

Hommage à nos vétérans Leur souvenir vivra

[English translation]

Tribute to our veterans Their memory will live on — Map (db m125526) WM

New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — 1 Chipman Hill
English: Remarkable for the range of trompe l'œil effects and skillful execution, the wall and ceiling paintings inside this residence, part of a row of similar town houses, reflect the taste of the High Victorian era, . . . — Map (db m140107) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — A Legacy of Tea / Du thé en héritagePeople Waiting Making Art Public / Rendre l’art public — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: In 1867, brothers George and William Barbour started a wholesale operation on South Market Wharf supplying fish, eggs, poultry and other local goods to vessels and area retailers. Although the building burned in the . . . — Map (db m145582) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — A Portal to the New World / La porte du Nouveau Monde — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Look out to the head of the harbour, and you'll see Partridge Island, a major point of entry for European immigrants during the 19th and 20th centuries, almost 100 years before Ellis Island. Many of our ancestors . . . — Map (db m145397) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — An Island Abounding With Life / Une île pleine de vie — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Partridge Island has been home to natural and human communities for a long time. It began about 300 million years ago when ash from an ancient volcano created the island. Sand and soil slowly built up, seeds took . . . — Map (db m145599) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Ancient Life / D'anciennes formes de vie
English: Some of the world's oldest fossils from a time long before dinosaurs have been found near here. Billion-year-old cyanobacteria lived underwater in Precambrian times and left circular shapes in the rock called . . . — Map (db m147794) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Benedict ArnoldRebel and Loyalist / Rebelle et loyaliste
English: In 1741 Benedict Arnold was born in Connecticut to a prosperous family. Twice before he was 18 young Arnold ran away to join British forces fighting the French and Indian wars. When the American revolution began . . . — Map (db m141993) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Canada’s Original CityLa ville originale du Canada
English What do you do for a 225th anniversary The answer in Canada’s first incorporated city was celebrate! Saint John 225: The Original City/La ville originale was a year-long celebration of the city’s heritage, creativity and . . . — Map (db m77568) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Carleton Martello Tower
Construction of this tower was begun by the British Army during the War of 1812 as one of the projected series of fortifications intended to block the western land approach to Saint John. Subsequent to its completion in 1815 the tower was largely . . . — Map (db m120628) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Centerbeam Place
This historic city block of attached late-Victorian buildings was designed and constructed immediately after the Great Fire of 1877 that swept away much of Saint John. Prominent architects from Canada and the United States vied for the honour of . . . — Map (db m77457) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Charles Gorman
English: Charles Ingraham Gorman, born 1897 in Saint John, quickly grew into a boy with great energy. He thrived on competition. Once he had ice skates he dazzled family and friends with his speed on ice. At ten Charlie competed . . . — Map (db m142002) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Church of Saint Andrew and Saint DavidÉglise Saint Andrew and Saint David
English Constructed in 1879, on the site of the 1815 “Auld Kirk”, the present church is a faithful representation of the Gothic Revival style. One highlight of the interior is the Gothicized pulpit by local carver John Rogerson. . . . — Map (db m77483) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Clearing Customs in Style / Franchir les douanes avec grâce — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: From 1881 to 1960, a massive building with a central dome and two elaborate towers dominated the Saint John waterfront. The Custom House was three storeys high on Prince William Street and five storeys on Water . . . — Map (db m145399) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Colonel Gabriel G. LudlowFirst Mayor of Saint John / Premier maire de Saint John
English: Born to a wealthy American family in 1736, Gabriel Ludlow grew up a supporter of the King. When the American Revolution came Ludlow raised a battalion for General DeLancey's Brigade. He was commissioned colonel of the . . . — Map (db m141992) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Defending the Harbour / À la défense du port — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Saint John Harbour has long been strategically important. There are many sites in and around the harbour relating to its defense — from Fort Saint Marie, now known as Fort LaTour, a fortified fur-trading . . . — Map (db m145591) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Dock Street Generating StationLe Centrale Dock Street — 1889-1976 —
English The New Brunswick Electric Power Commission’s DOCK STREET PLANT, built on this site in 1889, was the longest continually operating electrical generation station in the world. Built by the Saint John Railway Company, the 18,000 . . . — Map (db m77558) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Electrifying the Uptown / L'électrification du centre-ville — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Saint John Energy was established by the Saint John Common Council in 1922 to manage and operate the transmission and distribution of electrical power and energy in the City of Saint John. The Union Street substation . . . — Map (db m145395) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — First Marine Compound EngineLa Première Machine Compound de Marine
English The first vessel in the world propelled by a compound steam engine was the REINDEER launched for service on the Saint John, in 1845. Both the vessel and engine were designed by Benjamin Tibbets, a native of Queen’s County, New . . . — Map (db m77428) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — First Steam Fog HornLa Premiere Corne de Brume a Vapeur
English In 1854, Robert Foulis of St. John, N.B., first advocated the use of a steam horn or whistle to give warning to vessels in foggy weather. An apparatus devised by him was installed on Partridge Island in 1859. This was the first . . . — Map (db m77430) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fishing the Harbour / La pêche dans le port — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: For at least 10,000 years the Saint John harbour and river estuary, with its rich range of maritime food resources, from shellfish to walrus, provided abundantly for the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) and their ancestors. . . . — Map (db m147795) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fort HoweMajor Gilfrid Studholme — Indian Treaty of 1778/Le Traité Indien de 1778 —
Three markers are mounted on this monument Fort Howe English Late in 1777 Major Gilfred Studholme hurriedly fortified this ridge overlooking the mouth of the Saint John River. Throughout the remainder of the American . . . — Map (db m77537) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fort La Tour
Fort La Tour was built on this site in 1631 by Charles de La Tour, a historical crossroads for First Nations peoples, French settlers and British traders. La Tour’s wife, Francoise-Marie Jacquelin defended the Fort against rival Charles de Menou . . . — Map (db m138888) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fort La Tour / Le Fort La Tour
English: In 1631, Charles de Sainte-Étienne de La Tour built a fort here on ground traditionally used by First Nations people, for some 4000 years. The fort became one of the earliest centres of the French fur trade with the . . . — Map (db m139998) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Fossil Hunters / Chasseurs de fossiles
English: Saint John was home to some of Canada's earliest fossil hunters. One great story from the 1880s tells how a young boy named Will Matthew found a gigantic trilobite — perhaps the largest ever found at that time about . . . — Map (db m147799) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Founding of New BrunswickLa Fondation du Nouveau-Brunswick
English The increase of population consequent upon the large influx of Loyalists in 1783 and 1784 convinced the British government of the desirability of creating the Province of New Brunswick. This was done on 16 August 1784. Brigadier . . . — Map (db m77519) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Françoise Marie Jacquelinand the Battle for Fort La Tour / et la lutte pour le fort La Tour
English: In 1640 Françoise Marie Jacquelin from France stepped onto the shores of Acadia to marry Charles de Saint-Étienne, Sieur de La Tour, the 46 year-old Governor of Acadia. With her marriage the young bride joined the war for . . . — Map (db m141988) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — George B. OlandMoosehead Breweries / La Brasserie Moosehead
English: When George Bauld Oland was growing up in Dartmouth, N.S. he was surrounded by his brothers and sisters and many Oland cousins. Their homes were together by the Halifax harbour near the Oland family brewery. The popular . . . — Map (db m141995) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Here Stood the House Occupied by Benedict Arnold
Here stood the house occupied by Gen. Benedict Arnold, famous Revolutionary War soldier, prominent merchant and trader 1787 to 1791. — Map (db m147887) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Imperial TheatreLe Théâtre Imperial
English Constructed in 1912-1913 to the designs of Philadelphia architect A.E. Westover, this structure was built by the Keith-Albee chain of New York City and its Canadian subsidiary, the Saint John Amusements Company. Dramatic, musical . . . — Map (db m77506) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Irish Immigrant Memorial
This Celtic cross, erected in 1967 by descendants of the Irish settlers, is a half scale replica of a cross which stands on Partridge Island in Saint John Harbour. A reproduction of the plaque on the original cross is shown below. This . . . — Map (db m78253) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — John RobertsonLord of the North / Le Lord du Nord
English: At age 16 John Robertson left Scotland for Saint John to work as his uncle's clerk. From his arrival in 1817 Robertson's energy, vision and shrewd business sense were combined with significant social skills. People liked . . . — Map (db m141994) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — K. C. Irving
English: Kenneth Colin Irving, known to everyone as K.C., spent most of his life in New Brunswick. He was born (March 1899) in Buctouche, Kent County where his father owned various businesses. From his earliest years it was . . . — Map (db m142000) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — King Edward VII Memorial BandstandKiosque À Musique Commémoratif Roi Edouard VII
English The Memorial Bandstand was designed and built in 1908 for the City Coronet Band by Neil Brodie, a local architect. One year later, it was donated to the City of Saint John in the name of Edward VII of England. The bandstand is . . . — Map (db m77531) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — King’s SquareCarré King’s Square — Established 1785/Fondé en 1785 —
English King’s Square, named for King George III of England, was granted to the City of Saint John by royal charter in 1785. During its early years, the grounds were the site of such public uses as oxen roasts, fireworks displays, militia . . . — Map (db m77534) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Koluskap and Beaver / Koluskap et le castor
English: Koluskap and Beaver The following is a creation story kept by the storytellers of the Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet) about their ancestors in the communities of the Wolastoq (St. John River) where it meets the Bay of . . . — Map (db m141909) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Land of the Dawn / La terre de l’aurore
English: Land of the Dawn The traditional territory of the Wolastoqiyik is called Wabanaki (Land of the Dawn). Wolastoqiyik, people of the beautiful river, have been here since the beginning. In the beginning the river . . . — Map (db m141443) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Loyalist House / La Maison Loyaliste
English: This gracious building is a well-preserved example of the homes built by prosperous United Empire Loyalists and their descendants. Constructed before 1820 by the merchant David Merritt, this house was maintained with . . . — Map (db m139999) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Menahkwesk "Saint John"
As the people of the Saint John River/Walastakok River, Maliseets are known to have lived on this river for nearly 12,000 years. When The Europeans first came here in 1604 we were living in a village on an island in this harbor. Maliseets referred . . . — Map (db m138887) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Mills at Union Point / Les usines à Union Point
English: The site opposite, where Irving Pulp and Paper mill now stands, has been used for mill operations since the early 19th century. At that time the site was known as Union Point. Mills at Union Point 1835 . . . — Map (db m142003) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Navy Island (Ouigoudy Island) — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Through this viewing tube you can see a small patch of ground around one of the abutments of the Saint John Harbour Bridge. This is all that remains visible of a small island known as Navy Island. For centuries this . . . — Map (db m147874) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — New Brunswick’s First School of Law
Established on October 8, 1892 in connection with King’s College, Windsor, N.S., New Brunswick’s first School of Law was located in this building until 1953. The school is now the Faculty of Law of the University of New Brunswick. This plaque was . . . — Map (db m77482) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — No. 2 Mechanics’ Volunteer Company Engine HouseCaserne No 2 des Mécaniciens Pompiers Volontaires
English The cry “Fire!” so terrified Canadians in the early 19th century that communities began to construct permanent fire stations. Erected in 1840, this elegant Neoclassical building is a pioneer example of a firehall . . . — Map (db m77508) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Oland Family Breweries
1867 The year has great significance — not only did it mark Canada's confederation, but it also marked the year that Susannah Oland introduced her family's October Brown Ale to the public. 1870 John Oland died unexpectedly, but . . . — Map (db m145396) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Partridge Island / l'île Partridge
English: Look toward the mouth of the harbour and you'll see Partridge Island, an official National and Provincial Historic Site. Only 600 metres (654 yards) long by 300 metres (327 yards) wide, the rocky island was home to . . . — Map (db m145596) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Prince William Street - Before and After the 1877 FireRue Prince William - Avant et Après le Grand Incendie de 1877
This marker has plaques on both sides. English Before the 1877 Fire The year is 1865, and you are looking across Market Square at the “Imperial Building.” This was the site of the famous “Coffee . . . — Map (db m77480) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Prince William Streetscape / La Rue Prince William
English: This historic streetscape is distinguished by its rare concentration of homogeneous, primarily late 19th century architecture. Traditionally referred to as “Wall Street,” the area contains major public . . . — Map (db m137519) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Rebels Attack / Les attaques des rebelles
English: Partnership at Portland Point In August 1775 the 140 residents of Portland Point were attacked. A Machias war sloop burnt Fort Frederick, carried off its four soldiers and a ship full of supplies from the upriver . . . — Map (db m141990) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Robert Foulis
English: In 1822 when Robert Foulis arrived in Saint John, New Brunswick he was 30 years old, a well-educated Scotsman from Glasgow, recognized as brilliant in sciences, and trained as an engineer. He spent the rest of his life in . . . — Map (db m141998) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John – The Working Port / Saint John, port en activité — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: For more than two hundred years the City of Saint John and its sheltered, ice-free port, have been critical to the economic success of New Brunswick. Historically providing a port of entry for people and products, the . . . — Map (db m145394) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John 225th Anniversary Clock
English:This Clock commemorates the 225th Anniversary of the Incorporation of the City of Saint John on May 18th 1785 as Canada’s First Incorporated City. It also recognizes May 18th, celebrated in Saint John as Loyalist Day, for . . . — Map (db m147895) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John City MarketLe Marché de Saint John
English Built between 1874 ad 1876, the Saint John City market narrowly escaped the fire that swept through the town in 1877 and stands today as a rare and distinguished example of a 19th century market building. Designed in the Second . . . — Map (db m77535) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John Harbour Defensive Network / Réseau défensif du port de Saint JohnProvincial Historic Site / Lieu historique provincial
English: Saint John Harbour has been a strategic military site from the 1600’s through 1945. Each conflict led to the construction of defensive installations reflecting changing naval technologies. Français: . . . — Map (db m145597) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John’s First Wind Grist Mill
...built on this corner 1795, became city’s first poorhouse, also temporary military barracks, destroyed by fire 1819 — Map (db m77484) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Saint John’s Original Burial GroundLe premier cimetière de Saint John
English Saint John’s original burial ground was established on this site shortly after the landing of the United Empire Loyalists in 1783. After its closure as a cemetery in 1845, the site became a memorial garden with tree lined walkways . . . — Map (db m77518) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Samuel de ChamplainNames St. John River on June 24, 1604 / Il nomme le fleuve Saint-Jean le 24 juin 1604
English: On March 7th 1604, Samuel de Champlain, map-maker for Henry IV of France, sailed for L'Acadie with its newly appointed Lieutenant-General, Pierre du Gua de Monts. A second ship followed with Pont-Gravé who had explored . . . — Map (db m141299) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Scottish StrengthLa puissance écossaise
English Saint John has a strong Scottish presence. The breakup of the clan system in the late 18th century caused massive emigration from the Highlands. As a result, some 25 percent of the population has Scottish ancestry. Scottish . . . — Map (db m77458) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Shedding Light on the Three Sisters Mystery / Faire la lumière sur le mystère des trois sœurs — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Where does a nickname come from? No one can say why the Three Lamps light is better known as The Three Sisters. Nevertheless, local residents know the landmark by its nickname and have many stories to explain it. . . . — Map (db m145600) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Simonds, Hazen and WhiteA Partnership / Un partenariat
English: In 1762 three young ex-officers of provincial regiments (units of Americans within the British army) joined in a trading venture. The Boston friends - James Simonds, James White and William Hazen - were attracted to the . . . — Map (db m141991) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Sir Samuel Leonard TilleyFather of Confederation / Père de la Confédération
English: Born in 1818 at Gagetown, NB, Leonard Tilley apprenticed at age 13 to a pharmacist in the north end of Saint John known as Portland. As a certified pharmacist 7 years later, Tilley and his cousin opened "Peters and Tilley . . . — Map (db m141997) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — St. John's (stone) Church / L'Église St. John
English: Constructed in 1824-1825, St. John’s is one of the earliest Gothic Revival churches in Canada. Its name, the Stone Church, reflects the high quality of its regularly coursed masonry. The skillful treatment of its Gothic . . . — Map (db m140105) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The "Three Lamps"
1842 • A navigational signal lamp was erected on this site 1847 • A single gas lamp was erected by the Saint John Gas Co. and dedicated to the harbour pilots of Saint John 1848 • The Saint John Gas Co. commissioned Alexander . . . — Map (db m145598) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Marco PoloLe Marco Polo
English A three-masted full-rigged ship with a modified clipper hull, the Marco Polo earned a reputation as the “fastest ship in the world” and drew international attention to New Brunswick shipyards. Built in 1851 by . . . — Map (db m77456) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Great Fire of 1877/L’incendie de 1877Trinity Royal — Saint John’s First Historic Preservation Area/Premiere de conservation historique de Saint John —
There are two side to this marker English The Great Fire of 1877 One of the most destructive fires of modern times occurred at Saint John, N.B., on Wednesday, June 20th, 1877. It was more calamitous in its character than . . . — Map (db m77570) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Landing of the LoyalistsDébarquement des Loyalistes
English On 10 May 1783 the Spring Fleet, carrying over 2,000 Loyalists, arrived at the Saint John River mouth. The exiles, mostly civilians from the Middle Colonies, established themselves in the newly-surveyed townsites of Parr and . . . — Map (db m77432) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Largest in British North America / La plus grande en Amérique du Nord britannique — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: Imagine the harbour full of sails, wooden vessels of every shape and size navigating the tricky tidal currents to enter port. Imagine the snap of the canvas and the shouts of sailors dropping the massive sheets to . . . — Map (db m145400) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Marco Polo / Le Marco PoloThe Fastest Ship in the World / Le navire le plus rapide du monde
(English:)The Marco Polo and the Golden Age of Sail The Fastest Ship in the World Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada In the background you can see Saint John as it appeared in 1851, twenty-six years before the great fire of 1877 . . . — Map (db m138894) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The New Community of Saint John / La nouvelle localité de Saint John
English: With the rebels controlling the New England timber trade in 1779, Hazen and White secured a contract to supply the Royal Navy with essential masts and spars. Their lumber camps fought battles with those of rival traders . . . — Map (db m141989) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Saint John Harbour Bridge / Le pont du port de Saint JohnConnecting the City / un accès à la ville — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: The St. John River, with its long interior waterways, deep and sheltered harbour, and connection to the oceans of the world, is a natural highway for those travelling with the flow of the river. However, for those . . . — Map (db m147796) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Shards of Timeby Peter Powning
English: This sculpture is based on the rich historical and archeological heritage of the area — where the St. John River meets the Bay of Fundy and where inhabitants have congregated over millennia. It comprises a . . . — Map (db m147797) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Tides of Fundy / Les Marées de Fundy — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: The tides in the Bay of Fundy are among the highest in the world, reaching 16 m (53 feet) at the head of the bay. Closer to the mouth, the tidal range is less. At Saint John it averages 7 m (23 feet), still enough to . . . — Map (db m147800) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — The Troop Fleet in the Days of Sail
This plaque is in commemoration of the firm of Messrs. Troop and son, shipowners in the city of Saint John, New Brunswick, where the business of the firm was carried on during the years 1847-1912. Founded by Jacob V. Troop, the business was . . . — Map (db m77459) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Thomas Stockwell SimmsT.S. Simms & Co., Brush Makers to the World / fabricant de brosses pour le monde entier
English: The American Civil War had a significant impact on young Thomas Stockwell Simms. A native of Maine, he tried to enlist in Lincoln's Republican army at age 16 when he was too young. At 18 he was accepted by the Seventh . . . — Map (db m141996) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Touch Two Ancient Continents / Toucher à deux anciens continents — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: You can see and touch two ancient continents which actually meet beneath the Reversing Falls Bridge. According to geologists, this is possible because small continental slices drifted across the globe before they . . . — Map (db m147798) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — West meets East / L'ouest et l'est se rencontrent — Harbour Passage Trail —
English: West meets East… by Harbour Ferry Long before a bridge spanned the harbour, passenger ferries linked the east and west sides of Saint John. From 1841 to 1954, eight different ferries provided service between . . . — Map (db m145398) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — William Kilby ReynoldsBuider, Reversing Falls Bridge / Bâtisseur du pont des Chutes réversibles
English: Born in Maine in 1810, young Kilby Reynolds soon proved he had remarkable mechanical skills. His inventive mind enjoyed developing improvements and trying new ideas. In 1844 Reynolds purchased a large sawmill property . . . — Map (db m142001) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), Saint John — Wolastoq Park / Le parc Wolastoq
English: Wolastoq Park The Name Wolastoq means "the Beautiful River" in the language of the Maliseet people who lived beside it. Today, we know it as the beautiful St. John River. For many centuries before Europeans arrived . . . — Map (db m141298) HM
New Brunswick (Saint John County), St. Martins — Shipbuilding in New Brunswick / L’Industrie de la Construction Navale au Nouveau-Brunswick
English: From its origins in the late 18th century, the shipbuilding industry profoundly influenced New Brunswick history. Craftsmen in the colony built over 6,000 vessels during the 19th century, a third of the total tonnage produced in . . . — Map (db m137643) HM

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May. 31, 2020