“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
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Nebraska State Historical Society Historical Markers

Markers of the Nebraska state historical markers program administered by the Nebraska State Historical Society.
Naval Ammunition Depot Marker image, Touch for more information
By Bill Kirchner, September 23, 2014
Naval Ammunition Depot Marker
1Nebraska (Adams County), Hastings — 366 — Naval Ammunition Depot
The U.S. Naval Ammunition Depot, known locally as "the NAD," was the largest of the navy's World War II inland munitions depots, occupying almost 49,000 acres of Adams and Clay County farmland. Construction began in July 1942; loading, assembly, and . . . Map (db m78005) HM
2Nebraska (Antelope County), Neligh — 138 — Ponca Trail of TearsWhite Buffalo Girl
A marker, 200 feet to the south, recalls the death of White Buffalo Girl of the Ponca tribe. The death of this child, daughter of Black Elk and Moon Hawk, symbolizes the tragic 1877 removal of the Ponca from their homeland on the Niobrara River to . . . Map (db m182053) HM
3Nebraska (Antelope County), Neligh — 419 — The Neligh Mill Bridge
With the establishment of the Neligh Mill and the platting of the town of Neligh, a crossing of the Elkhorn River here aided farm-to-market commerce. This bridge, built in 1910, replaced an earlier span at this location. It is a pin-connected Pratt . . . Map (db m158998) HM
4Nebraska (Antelope County), Neligh — 120 — The Neligh Mills
The Neligh Mills, built from locally fired brick in 1873 by John D. Neligh, was the first business and industry in the then newly platted town. Later owners and operators of the mill included William C. Galloway, Stephen F. Gilman and J. W. Spirk. . . . Map (db m159000) HM
5Nebraska (Antelope County), Orchard — 296 — The Prairie States Forestry Project
The Prairie States Forestry Project was initiated by President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1935 to combat the severe wind-caused soil erosion of the Dust Bowl days. From 1935 through 1942, the U.S. Forest Service, working with the Works Progress . . . Map (db m9633) HM
6Nebraska (Arthur County), Arthur — Baled Hay Construction
The invention of mechanical balers in the mid-1800s led to the use of bales of hay or straw as building blocks. Pioneer builders developed structural bale walls using cuttings of either native prairie flora — baled-hay — or of agricultural waste, . . . Map (db m178498) HM
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7Nebraska (Boone County), Petersburg — 205 — Logan Fontenelle
Logan Fontenelle, an interpreter and Omaha chief, was born at Bellevue in May, 1825. His father was Lucien Fontenelle, a noted fur trader both on the lower Missouri River and near Fort Laramie, Wyoming. His mother was a daughter of Big Elk, noted . . . Map (db m179377) HM
8Nebraska (Boone County), St. Edward — 398 — St. Edward
For more than ten thousand years the Beaver Valley and surrounding prairie, with their abundant water and wildlife, nurtured Native Americans. The Pawnee Indians, whose permanent earthlodge villages were a few miles to the south, claimed this area . . . Map (db m181373) HM
9Nebraska (Box Butte County), Alliance — 416 — Alliance Army Air Field
In the spring of 1942 the U.S. Army selected a site one mile south of here for an airfield. The dry climate and open landscape afforded ideal flying conditions. Ample water, cheap land, and Alliance’s new power plant, new hospital, and railroad . . . Map (db m178807) HM
10Nebraska (Box Butte County), Alliance — 268 — Burlington Locomotive 719
By the mid-1880s the Sandhills had become an important cattle-raising region. The extension of the Burlington and Missouri Railroad westward through the Sandhills in 1877-1888 made ranching more profitable by making more accessible eastern markets. . . . Map (db m178801) HM
11Nebraska (Box Butte County), Heminford — 146 — Box Butte Country
A flat-topped hill to the southeast was named Box Butte by early cowboys and travelers. This area is part of the Box Butte Tableland, semi-arid short grass country that stretches far to the west. Box Butte has given its name to the creek that flows . . . Map (db m89342) HM
12Nebraska (Boyd County), Lynch — 346 — Lewis and Clark CampsiteSeptember 7, 1804
On this day the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean camped on the bank of the Missouri River at the base of a river landmark near here, now called The Tower. Clark wrote, “Capt Lewis & my Self walked up to the top which forms a Cone and . . . Map (db m181800) HM
13Nebraska (Boyd County), Naper — 453 — Lost Airmen of World War II
On August 3, 1944, a C-47 transport carrying twenty-eight men of the U.S. Army Air Forces crashed in a ravine six miles southwest of Naper during a severe storm. There were no survivors. It was the largest single military air disaster in Nebraska . . . Map (db m70623) HM
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14Nebraska (Brown County), Ainsworth — 380 — Ainsworth Army Air Field
Ainsworth Army Air Field, completed on November 30, 1942, was a satellite of Rapid City Army Air Field and under command of the Second Air Force. The field was one of eleven Army Air Force training bases built in Nebraska during World War II. The . . . Map (db m77760) HM
15Nebraska (Brown County), Johnstown — 236 — Lakeland Sod High School
Lakeland High School was constructed 20 miles south of this site by ranchers from several rural school districts during the summer of 1934. School began that September with 11 students. Constructed of prairie sod, with a sod roof supported by pole . . . Map (db m9623) HM
16Nebraska (Brown County), Long Pine — 557 — Long Pine — A Railroad Town
Like many Nebraska communities, Long Pine's history is tied to railroad development. When the Fremont, Elkhorn, and Missouri Valley line arrived in 1881, Long Pine became a bustling railroad town. The Chicago & North Western Railroad (CNW) built a . . . Map (db m182061) HM
17Nebraska (Buffalo County), Elm Creek — 91 — Historic Platte Valley
Through this valley passed the Oregon Trail, highway for early explorers, fur traders, California-bound gold seekers, freighters, and brave pioneers seeking new homes in the West. Traffic was especially heavy from 1843 to 1866. At times as many as . . . Map (db m45521) HM
18Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 115 — Gibbon1871 - 1971
Gibbon, on the old Mormon Trail, was the site of a unique experiment in homestead colonization. Originally conceived as a financial venture by Colonel John Thorp of Ohio, the Soldier's Free Homestead Colony was responsible for bringing the first . . . Map (db m79880) HM
19Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 201 — Gibbon
Gibbon, near here, was the site of a unique experiment in homestead colonization. The Soldiers' Free Homestead Temperance Colony was responsible for bringing the earliest settlers, mostly Union veterans, to this locality. Traveling via the Union . . . Map (db m79716) HM
20Nebraska (Buffalo County), Gibbon — 359 — Nebraska Centre - Boyd Ranche
James E. Boyd settled near here in 1858 and by 1860 operated a trail ranche supplying travelers on the Platte Valley Overland Route (Mormon Trail). The ranche included 2200 acres of corn and barley. Nebraska Centre Post Office was here until it was . . . Map (db m45425) HM
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21Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 488 — Buffalo County’s Lincoln Highway Seedling Mile
The Lincoln Highway Association was founded in 1913 to promote a transcontinental automobile route from new York City to San Francisco. Dedicated on October 31, 1913, the route was marked by the letter “L” within red, white, and blue . . . Map (db m45520) HM
22Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 153 — Historic Kearney
In 1847 Brigham Young led the first migration over the Mormon Trail along the north bank of the Platte River, and in 1866 the Union Pacific Railroad pushed its main line westward to this valley, bringing pioneer settlers. However, it was not until . . . Map (db m45427) HM
23Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 148 — Kearney Cotton Mill
In the late 1880's, Kearney business leaders envisioned the city as a major manufacturing center. The Kearney Cotton Mill was among the many enterprises launched as part of this venture, which included paper, woolen, and oatmeal mills; plow and . . . Map (db m101852) HM
24Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 364 — The Great Platte River Road
The trail which followed the south side of the Platte River was the main route to Oregon and California. Fur traders going to the Rocky Mountains took the first wagons over the trail in 1830. Oregon-bound missionaries followed in the mid-1830s, and . . . Map (db m53268) HM
25Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 178 — The Watson Ranch
In 1888, H. D. Watson established the historic Watson Ranch, at one time containing 8,000 acres, reaching from the fertile Platte Valley on the south to the rolling hills on the north and from downtown Kearney to a point five miles west. . . . Map (db m101853) HM
26Nebraska (Buffalo County), Kearney — 125 — University of Nebraska at Kearney
In 1903 the legislature appropriated $50,000 to establish a state normal school in central or western Nebraska. After 111 ballots, the State Board of Education chose Kearney as the site. The city donated twenty acres on the west edge of town for a . . . Map (db m45500) HM
27Nebraska (Buffalo County), Ravenna — 370 — Civilian Conservation CorpsRavenna, Nebraska
From 1934 to 1939, Companies 2741 and 2732 of the Civilian Conservation Corps occupied a camp near this site. Barracks housed about 200 men, ages 18 to 25, who built soil conservation dams and planted shelterbelts on nearby farms. The camp moved to . . . Map (db m181771) HM
28Nebraska (Buffalo County), Ravenna — 361 — Post South Loup Fork"Fort Banishment"
On the South Loup River southwest of here was the site of the U.S. Army’s Post South Loup Fork. This small outpost of Fort Kearney was established in May 1865 by Company “E”, Seventh Iowa Cavalry, under the command of Capt. James B. David and . . . Map (db m181699) HM
29Nebraska (Buffalo County), Shelton — 407 — Joseph E. Johnson and the Huntsman’s Echo
In April 1860 Joseph E. Johnson, a Mormon, established a road ranche at Wood River Center, today’s Shelton, and began publishing The Huntsman’s Echo, the first newspaper in Nebraska west of Omaha. He had earlier edited papers in Council Bluffs, . . . Map (db m45423) HM
30Nebraska (Butler County), David City — 252 — Shinn's Ferry
Moses Shinn and his son Dick began operating Shinn's Ferry across the Platte in 1859. The original site was near Savannah, the first Butler County seat, and a short distance from the present Schuyler bridge. Just above this location the Platte was . . . Map (db m39143) HM
31Nebraska (Cass County), Elmwood — 41 — Bess Streeter Aldrich, 1881-1954
"Love is more like a light that you carry .... that is what love is to a woman - a lantern in her hand," says Abbie Deal the courageous heroine in Bess Streeter Aldrich's novel about the pioneers who with dreams and hard work forged this great . . . Map (db m82510) HM
32Nebraska (Cass County), Plattsmouth — 242 — Company A – First Nebraska Volunteer Infantry1861-1866
When the outbreak of war between the states became imminent in the spring of 1861, the citizens of Plattsmouth were quick to respond to the impending crisis. Without waiting for President Lincoln's call for volunteers, Dr. Robert R. Livingston . . . Map (db m78024) HM
33Nebraska (Cass County), Weeping Water — 118 — Weeping Water Academy
This building was constructed by community effort in 1871 of native limestone as the Congregational Church and served in that capacity until a new brick church was constructed 1887-1890. The nearby stone parsonage, first occupied in 1867, was sold . . . Map (db m82521) HM
34Nebraska (Cedar County), Crofton — 167 — Historic Missouri Valley
During their exploration of the Missouri and Columbia Rivers, Lewis and Clark held councils with Ponca, Omaha, and Sioux Indians inhabiting this region. The council with the Sioux occurred August 28-31, 1804 at Calumet Bluff now the southern . . . Map (db m101395) HM
35Nebraska (Cedar County), Crofton — 168 — Scenic Missouri Valley
This scenic overlook provides a clear view of the valley of the Missouri River, the longest waterway in North America. To the west is the Gavins Point Dam and the Lewis and Clark Recreation Area. The dam was built to harness the fury of the . . . Map (db m101391) HM
36Nebraska (Cedar County), Hartington — 204 — Cedar County
Much of the early history of Cedar County involves the Indian inhabitants, the Ponca, Omaha, and Sioux. Several prehistoric and historic Indian villages were located in the region. In 1804, Lewis and Clark ascended the Missouri River near here . . . Map (db m181311) HM
37Nebraska (Cedar County), Hartington — 321 — Hartington - Home of two Nebraska Governors
This marker, dedicated on the 100th anniversary of Hartington High School, June 25, 1988, is in honor of two graduates who became governors of Nebraska. Dwight Burney, born in 1892, graduated from Hartington High School in 1910. Burney attended . . . Map (db m181317) HM
38Nebraska (Chase County), Champion — 43 — Champion Water-Powered Mill
Champion, on the Frenchman River (Creek), is the site of probably the oldest functioning water-powered mill in Nebraska. Preliminary construction on the mill was begun in the fall of 1886. The work was completed and the mill placed in operation by . . . Map (db m79376) HM
39Nebraska (Cherry County), Bayonne — 4 — Opening the Sandhills
The first ranch in this area was set up on the Niobrara River about five miles south of here in 1877. E. S. Newman established his ranch to sell cattle to the government for delivery to the Indians at the Pine Ridge Agency to the north. The . . . Map (db m9622) HM
40Nebraska (Cherry County), Merriman — 493 — Survey ValleyCherry County, Nebraska
This natural valley extending east and west across the Sandhills became known as Survey Valley after the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad surveyed a prospective line from O’Neill to Alliance in 1887. No rails were ever laid. On January 19, . . . Map (db m178711) HM
41Nebraska (Cherry County), Valentine — 378 — Bryan Bridge
This arched cantilever truss bridge, connected in the center with a single pin, is the only one of its kind in the United States. It was built in 1932 by the Department of Public Works and named by the local citizenry in honor of Governor Charles . . . Map (db m70625) HM
42Nebraska (Cherry County), Valentine — 87 — Fort Niobrara
When a Sioux Indian reservation was established north of here in Dakota Territory in 1878, early settlers in the region grew fearful of attack. They requested military protection, and in 1880 Fort Niobrara was built a few miles east of present-day . . . Map (db m77753) HM
43Nebraska (Cherry County), Wood Lake — 483 — Midair Collision of P-47 "Thunderbolt" Fighter Planes, 1944
At 10:45 a.m. on February 5, 1944, 1st Lt. John B. Beatty of Sandusky, OH, and 2d Lt. Earnest W. Fanslau of Mantua, NJ took to the air from the Ainsworth Army Air Field in two P-47 "Thunderbolt" fighter planes for an instrument training flight. Lt. . . . Map (db m77754) HM
44Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Gurley — Discovery Oil Well - Marathon Oil Company
On August 9, 1949, the first successful oil well in western Nebraska came in for 225 barrels of oil per day at a total depth of 4,429 feet. Marathon Oil Co. completed the discovery well, Mary Egging No.1, located four miles east and two miles . . . Map (db m180874) HM
45Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Sidney — 16 — Fort Sidney
Sidney Barracks, when established in 1867, was a temporary camp with one permanent structure, a blockhouse located to the north. In 1869 the Fort was relocated at this site and in 1870 the name was officially changed to Fort Sidney. The primary . . . Map (db m76864) HM
46Nebraska (Cheyenne County), Sidney — 362 — Sioux Army Depot
Sioux Army Depot was established on 23 March 1942 as Sioux Ordnance Depot. It was the only U.S. Army Ammunition Depot in Nebraska during World War II, the Korean War, and the Vietnam War. The depot was initially under the command of the U.S. Army . . . Map (db m76863) HM
47Nebraska (Clay County), Sutton — 49 — Sutton
The first permanent settler in the town of Sutton was Luther French, who arrived in 1870. He and his seven children lived near here in a dugout on the bank of School Creek. This dugout had a tunnel to the creek bank and the inside entrance could be . . . Map (db m78007) HM
48Nebraska (Clay County), Sutton — 422 — The Soldier's Monument
On March 27, 1879, George G. Meade Post 19, Grand Army of the Republic, Department of Nebraska, was founded in Sutton by twenty former Union soldiers. The G.A.R. was a national fraternal organization created to provide for the welfare of Union . . . Map (db m78006) HM WM
49Nebraska (Colfax County), Schuyler — 546 — Shell Creek Pawnee Settlements
By the early 1600s, the ancestors of the Pawnee Nation began consolidating into a few large communities. Each was home to hundreds, if not thousands, of people. Some of these were built along nearby Shell Creek. These Shell Creek cities may have . . . Map (db m179394) HM
50Nebraska (Cuming County), Bancroft — 207 — John G. Neihardt Center
John Gneisenau Neihardt (1881-1973), teacher, philosopher, and Nebraska Poet Laureate, moved to Bancroft in 1900. Here he first became acquainted with Indians, married, and began his major work, A Cycle of the West, a five-part epic poem . . . Map (db m161558) HM
51Nebraska (Cuming County), Bancroft — 291 — John G. Neihardt Study
The building was erected on this site in the 1890s for August Hartman and used as a residence by various owners until 1964. Poet John G. Neihardt rented the building from 1911 through 1920 for a study. Here he wrote his lyrics, prose, and part . . . Map (db m161556) HM
52Nebraska (Custer County), Anselmo — 573 — Anselmo
Anselmo began as a railroad town along the Burlington and Missouri River Railroad. The Burlington needed a stop for water, coal, and switching facilities. It built a depot, and the town itself was platted in November 1886. A Lincoln Land Company . . . Map (db m181173) HM
53Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — 45 — Broken Bow
A discarded Indian bow suggested the name for a town. Wilson Hewitt, an early homesteader, had applied for the location of a post office on his place. Approving the location, the government rejected Hewitt's first three suggested names as being too . . . Map (db m77816) HM
54Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — 533 — Broken Bow Town Square
Broken Bow was platted 1882 by Jesse Gandy. He donated lots to people who would build a house or establish a business. He did this to influence voters to make the new town the Custer County seat, which they did in an election that fall. The . . . Map (db m180947) HM
55Nebraska (Custer County), Broken Bow — 59 — The Nebraska State Grange
The National Grange of the Patrons of Husbandry was organized in Washington, D.C. in 1867. During the 1870's, it was the major voice of the American farmer and its social, educational, and fraternal activities brightened farm life. "Granger Laws", . . . Map (db m77761) HM
56Nebraska (Custer County), Callaway — 134 — Custer County's First Courthouse
Custer County, named in memory of General George Armstrong Custer, was organized July 27, 1877. Frontiersmen and pioneer ranchers had been living in the area since 1872. Earlier, soldiers from Fort McPherson and settlers from the Platte River . . . Map (db m179199) HM
57Nebraska (Custer County), Gothenburg — 530 — Etna
The first Etna post office (1885-1895) was located three miles to the northwest. A new post office operated 1.5 miles east until 1921. In 1907 Etna saw the opening of a school, store, and telephone exchange. The store was enlarged by Andrew . . . Map (db m181798) HM
58Nebraska (Custer County), Westerville — 248 — 1880 Westerville 1980
Westerville, nestled in picturesque Clear Creek Valley, was the first town in Custer County. It was named for James H. Westervelt on whose land the townsite was platted August 11, 1880. The town became an important early trade center after pioneer . . . Map (db m77819) HM
59Nebraska (Dakota County), Dakota City — 023 — Territorial Church
Here stands the first Lutheran church building constructed in Nebraska. It has occupied this site since 1860. The congregation was first served by Reverend Henry W. Kuhns, a missionary sent by the Allegheny Synod to Nebraska Territory. Kuhns . . . Map (db m206698) HM
60Nebraska (Dakota County), Homer — 013 — Tonwantonga
An important Omaha Indian village called Tonwantonga (Large Village) by the Omaha stood on Omaha Creek in this area. Ruled by the great chief Blackbird, an estimated 1,100 people lived in this earthlodge town about 1795 and it played an important . . . Map (db m206966) HM
61Nebraska (Dakota County), Jackson — 343 — Lewis and Clark CampsiteAugust 21, 1804 — Lewis and Clark Trail —
When the Lewis and Clark Expedition to the Pacific Ocean went through this area their mood was undoubtedly gloomy. On the previous day they had buried their comrade, Sergeant Charles Floyd, who died of a ruptured appendix. Although he was the . . . Map (db m206919) HM
62Nebraska (Dakota County), Jackson — 034 — St. John's1856
About 1½ miles north of this spot is the abandoned site of "Old St. John's," one of the first towns established in Dakota County. The townsite was settled on June 2, 1856, by the Father Trecy Colony — sixty people, with eighteen ox-drawn covered . . . Map (db m158996) HM
63Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 42 — Bordeaux Trading Post
From about 1846 until 1872, an Indian "trading house" occupied a site near here. Built by James Bordeaux, the trading station was once attacked and set afire by hostile Crow warriors. Fortunately, some friendly Sioux Indians came to the rescue and . . . Map (db m4529) HM
64Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 331 — The Chadron-Chicago Cowboy Race
America’s longest horse race began here June 13, 1893. The 1,000 mile race ended June 27 in Chicago at Buffalo Bill’s Wild West Show. The race apparently was the idea of Chadron jokester John G. Maher. Seven of nine riders finished, some traveling . . . Map (db m51693) HM
65Nebraska (Dawes County), Chadron — 304 — The Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail
From about 1837 until 1850, more than a quarter million buffalo robes bought from Indians and 27 tons of fur company trade goods were hauled over the 300 mile long Fort Pierre-Fort Laramie Trail that followed the White River through this area. First . . . Map (db m4530) HM
66Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — 1887 Barracks Row
During the 1887 expansion of Fort Robinson six adobe barracks were built on the south side of the parade ground. Later two frame barracks were added. Each building had a dormitory area 170 by 30 feet, a kitchen wing 70 by 30 feet, and housed a . . . Map (db m174027) HM
67Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Adobe Officers’ Quarters
These duplex officers' quarters, of adobe brick construction, were completed in 1887 when Fort Robinson became a cavalry regimental headquarters. This structure has been restored by by the Nebraska State Historical Society, and furnishings . . . Map (db m174143) HM
68Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — 392 — Buffalo Soldiers at Fort Robinson
Black soldiers of the Ninth and Tenth Cavalry regiments (called "buffalo soldiers" by the Plains Indians) garrisoned Fort Robinson for eighteen years and played an important role in northwestern Nebraska's history. Organized in 1866, the regiments . . . Map (db m174269) HM
69Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — 227 — Crawford
Crawford sprang up as a tent city on land owned by homesteader/newspaper correspondent William E. Annin in 1886 when the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad pushed through the Nebraska Panhandle. To Incorporate the town, editor William . . . Map (db m44254) HM
70Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Flagstaff, 1890
This flagstaff, 105 feet high, is constructed of metal pipe with a ladder and crow's nest for buglers. It was originally on the other side of the 1905 headquarters near the highway, having replaced an earlier flagstaff blown down by an 1889 . . . Map (db m173946) HM
71Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — 102 — Fort Robinson
In March, 1874, the U.S. Government authorized the establishment of a military camp at the Red Cloud Indian Agency on the White River. Home of some 13,000 Indians, many of whom were hostile, the Agency was one of the most troublesome spots on the . . . Map (db m173982) HM
72Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Fort Robinson and the Railroad
On January 20, 1885. Congress granted the Fremont, Elkhorn and Missouri Valley Railroad a right-of-way through the Fort Robinson Military Reservation. Later this line was acquired by the Chicago and North Western. With direct rail access in . . . Map (db m174026) HM
73Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — German P.O.W. Camp
This camp, constructed to house three thousand men, received the first German prisoners of war in June 1943. Most of the soldiers were members of the Afrika Korps. The prisoners were allowed to work on farms and ranches in the area and received a . . . Map (db m173974) WM
74Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — K-9 Training Area
In September 1942 the Fort Robinson War Dog Training Center was established. Barracks, classrooms, administrative offices, and other support buildings were located west and north of here. To the east and north was a sprawling kennel area housing . . . Map (db m173949) HM
75Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Officers’ Row, 1909
Consisting of four double sets and one single occupancy dwelling for the post commander, these were the last officers' homes constructed at Fort Robinson. They represent the culmination of Victorian military architecture, with fancy fireplaces . . . Map (db m174194) HM
76Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Post Headquarters, 1905
The Post Headquarters was constructed in 1905. The Post Commander's office was located here, along with other administrative offices, post office, and the Fort's telephone exchange. An ornate auditorium on the second floor was often used for parties . . . Map (db m173959) HM
77Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — Sea Level Bench Mark
The stone monument at this location is one of Nebraska's original bench marks. Surveyors use bench marks to determine elevations. This one was placed by the U.S. Coast & Geodetic Survey in 1902. It was part of a larger project in which a . . . Map (db m174043) HM
78Nebraska (Dawes County), Crawford — The Flight of the Cheyennes
Just before 10 P. M. on January 9, 1879, the 130 Cheyennes held in the cavalry barracks made their desperate bid for freedom. After disabling the soldier guards, they fled across this ground to the White River beyond. Under heavy fire from . . . Map (db m173973) HM WM
79Nebraska (Dawes County), Whitney — 003 — Butte Country
Perhaps no spot in Nebraska is so surrounded by historical and geographical landmarks as this one. Numerous landmarks of the period of the Indian Wars are visible from here. The site of a legendary battle between the Sioux and Crow Indians, Crow . . . Map (db m135118) HM
80Nebraska (Dawson County), Cozad — 073 — Central Platte Valley
Here in Dawson county, much of the early history is concerned with the pioneer trails to the west. The Mormon Trail to Utah and the first transcontinental railroad passed through here on the north side of the Platte River; the Oregon Trail and the . . . Map (db m68060) HM
81Nebraska (Dawson County), Cozad — 17 — The 100th Meridian
The 100th longitudinal line west of Greenwich was the major goal set by Congress in building the first transcontinental railroad. Construction of the Union Pacific track reached the Meridian on October 5, 1866. To celebrate this record-breaking . . . Map (db m123869) HM
82Nebraska (Dawson County), Gotenburg — 350 — Swedish Crosses Cemetery
One of the many Swedish settlements in Nebraska during the late nineteenth century was north of Gothenburg in northwestern Dawson County. An enduring symbol of this settlement is Swedish Crosses Cemetery, where three children of Mr. and Mrs. Berg . . . Map (db m62797) HM
83Nebraska (Dawson County), Overton — 222 — The Tobin Indian Raid
Railroads played an important role in the settlement of the Great Plains. Their construction was particularly damaging to the Indian way of life, since railroads helped the military to patrol rapidly along their lines, and villages and farming . . . Map (db m101854) HM
84Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 114 — Big Springs
     The history of Big Springs, northeast of here, has been closely associated with the Union Pacific Railroad since 1867, when a station was established at that point. A nearby spring, from which the station derived its name, provided an . . . Map (db m68069) HM
85Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 382 — Phelps Hotel
The Phelps Hotel was built in 1885 by the Edwin A. Phelps family, who were among the first settlers in the Big Springs area. Also known as the “House of Three Chimneys,” the hotel was the most important nineteenth-century landmark in . . . Map (db m51249) HM
86Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 37 — Sam Bass and the Big Springs Robbery
The first and greatest robbery of a Union Pacific train took place near here on the night of September 18, 1877. The legendary Sam Bass and five companions, after capturing John Barnhart, station-master, and destroying the telegraph, forced Union . . . Map (db m51231) HM
87Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 113 — The Great Platte River Road
     Since 1841, Nebraska's Platte River Valley has been the historic highway of westward migration. In this area, the Overland Trail divided into two branches, one which followed the north and the other the south forks of the river. Emigrants . . . Map (db m68070) HM
88Nebraska (Deuel County), Big Springs — 383 — Waterman Sod House
The Wallace W. and Libby King Waterman sod house, located nine miles north of here on the Day Road, was built about 1886. The original dwelling had three rooms. In 1925 it was enlarged and remodeled by Virgil and Helen Burke Waterman, and the sod . . . Map (db m51246) HM
89Nebraska (Deuel County), Chappell — B-24J Bomber Crash
During World War II Nebraska was home to eleven air bases, which filled the sky with planes engaged in training aircrews. On June 7, 1944, fifteen B-24 bombers departed from the Lincoln Army Air Base en route to the west coast. During a thunderstorm . . . Map (db m100094) HM WM
90Nebraska (Deuel County), Chappell — Historic Lodgepole Creek Valley
Here is the valley of Lodgepole Creek through which passed historic trails, telegraph lines, and railroads. The famed Pony Express followed the valley in 1860-61. "Nine Mile" Pony Express station was located just southeast of present Chappell; "Pole . . . Map (db m100093) HM
91Nebraska (Dixon County), Ponca — 149 — Ponca
Ponca, one of northeast Nebraska’s earliest communities, was platted in 1856 by Frank West and laid out by Dr. Solomon B. Stough. The town was named for the Ponca Indian tribe that inhabited the area when the first white settlers arrived. The . . . Map (db m206794) HM
92Nebraska (Dodge County), Fremont — Fremont, Nebraska
Fremont was laid out in August 1856. The town site was named for John C. Frémont, the new Republican Party's nominee for president in 1856, although Democrat James Buchanan was elected. Between 1842 and 1844 Frémont, then a U.S. Army topographical . . . Map (db m158989) HM
93Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 50 — The Bank of Florence
The Bank of Florence was chartered by the Nebraska Territorial legislature on January 18, 1856. It was located in this substantial building, constructed during the same year. Sheet steel one quarter inch thick, shipped by river steamboat from . . . Map (db m90468) HM
94Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 81 — The Florence Mill
The Florence Mill, one of the earliest in Nebraska, was constructed by the Mormons at Winter Quarters during the winter of 1846-1847. Supplying both flour and lumber, the water-powered mill enabled the Mormons to cope more readily with the adverse . . . Map (db m90460) HM
95Nebraska (Douglas County), Florence — 19 — Winter Quarters
Here in 1846 an oppressed people fleeing from a vengeful mob found a haven in the wilderness. Winter Quarters, established under the direction of the Mormon leader Brigham Young, sheltered more than 3,000 people during the winter of 1846-1847. . . . Map (db m90527) HM
96Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 447 — Buffalo Bill at the Trans-Mississippi and International Exposition and Indian Congress of 1898
William F. “Buffalo Bill” Cody held the first official performance of his Wild West show just half a mile northeast of here on May 19, 1883. Eight thousand people attended the premiere at the Omaha Driving Park near Eighteenth and . . . Map (db m33040) HM
97Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 30 — Capitol Hill
This site on Capitol Hill was for a decade the location of Nebraska's second territorial capitol. The building was erected here in 1857 and 1858 and served until the seat of government was removed to Lincoln in 1868. Acting-Governor Cuming . . . Map (db m178538) HM
98Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 428 — Captain William Clark and Private Reuben Field
On July 27, 1804, Lewis and Clark's Corps of Discovery left their “White Catfish” camp and proceeded up the Missouri River. After traveling some distance, Clark “took one man R. Field and walked on Shore with a View of Examoning . . . Map (db m32964) HM
99Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 220 — Central High School
The first session of Omaha High School, now Central High School, was held on November 10, 1859, in Nebraska's territorial capitol on Ninth Street between Douglas and Farnam. Following the removal of the territorial government from Omaha, Nebraska's . . . Map (db m33252) HM
100Nebraska (Douglas County), Omaha — 210 — Crook House
On April 27, 1875, General George A. Crook assumed command of the Department of the Platte, which then included Iowa, Nebraska, Wyoming, Utah, and part of Montana and Idaho. When the headquarters was shifted from downtown Omaha to Fort Omaha (Omaha . . . Map (db m33113) HM

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Dec. 5, 2022