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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Waterways & Vessels Historical Markers

 
View from marker towards National Park Service Visitors Center. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
View from marker towards National Park Service Visitors Center.
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The Post of Arkansas
Here on the Grand Prairie you tread on soil laid down over the centuries as the mighty Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers brought down their precious cargoes of silt from the northern uplands. The footprints of many were pressed into this . . . — Map (db m108486) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — On they come like an irresistible thunder bolt William Heartsill, sergeant, 2nd Texas Cavalry
The Confederate scouts were alarmed. Looking down river to your right, one exclaimed, "One could hardly see anything in the background but smokestacks." Union soldiers disembarked from their transports. All night, knee deep in mud, they . . . — Map (db m108509) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Our ironclads and gunboats knocked the fort to piecesDavid D. Porter, rear admiral
You wouldn't have got us had it not been for your damned gunboats. John Dunnington, colonel, chief of ordnance Fort Hindman's cannon fired at the nine gunboats bearing down on them. Confederate gunners had . . . — Map (db m108072) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — American Townsite1805 — 1840Frontier Settlement and Territorial Capitol
In the early 1800's the land in front of you was an important center of trade and government on the edge of the Arkansas River wilderness. Here were the homes, stores, taverns, mills, docks, and busy streets of the Post of Arkansas. This . . . — Map (db m108428) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Edge of Empires
The succession of outposts here, remote from centers of New World empire, symbolized a dream of the imperial age: to connect the Gulf of Mexico to North America's vast interior by the great rivers that drained it. Following British . . . — Map (db m108485) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — First Post of Arkansas1686 — 1700The French Settlement of Henri de Tonti
Spanish Explorer Hernan de Soto passed this way in 1542. Nearly 130 years later Father Marquette, the French missionary and explorer, reached the nearby mouth of the Arkansas. In 1682 Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, claimed this territory for . . . — Map (db m108407) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — The Colbert RaidApril 17, 1783Arkansas Post in the American Revolution
During the American Revolution, Arkansas Post belonged to the Spanish, allies of the American patriots. In 1783, British partisans led by James Colbert raided the Spanish village and fort here. It was one of the last engagements of the . . . — Map (db m108483) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — Where is Fort Hindman?
Standing here in January 1863, you would have seen Confederate Fort Hindman. In what is now the water, the fort stood atop a 25-foot high bluff The fort's cannon could fire a mile up or down the river to protect the breadbasket of Arkansas. The . . . — Map (db m108511) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Crocketts Bluff — Captain Alf Johnson's Spy Company
On this site from September 1862 to January 1863 was the encampment of a celebrated Texas cavalry company. Captain Alf Johnson's Spy company was active in conducting reconnaissance and small unit actions near Helena while maintaining vigilance on . . . — Map (db m107804) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Crocketts Bluff — Crocketts Bluff
Named for Captain Robert Crockett, grandson of the famous David (Davey) Crockett, this community was a flourishing river port during the second half of the 19th century. The Crockett Rifles (Company H, 1st Arkansas Infantry), first Confederate . . . — Map (db m107807) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Gillett — 10 — Battle of Arkansas Post
On January 9, 1863, Gen. John McClernand and Adm. David D. Porter led a 30,000 man army and a flotilla of Union gunboats up the Arkansas River to confront Gen. T.J. Churchill's 5,000 Confederates at Arkansas Post. The gunboats bombarded Fort Hindman . . . — Map (db m107701) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), St. Charles — Engagement at St. Charles
Here on June 17, 1862 a Federal fleet of eight vessels attempted to force its way upstream past Confederate shore defenses commanded by Captain Joseph Fry. The Confederates disabled the Union gunboat Mound City with heavy casualties before . . . — Map (db m107918) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), St. Charles — St. Charles Battle Monument
[Northeast face] Officers and men killed on the U.S.S. Mound City {List of 124 dead} [Northwest face] Near this spot, on June 17, 1862, a decisive engagement was fought between the Conf- ederates entrenched and the . . . — Map (db m108071) WM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — Lewis & Clark Expedition

The Lewis & Clark Expedition was accomplished by Captain Meriwether Lewis, Captain William Clark, and their fellow explorers, and was the visionary journey of President Thomas Jefferson. The journey was to become one of America’s greatest . . . — Map (db m91477) HM

Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — Mud Street to Main StreetNorth Main

"It being the first street in town... it was named Main Street. But owing to its low elevation and the law of gravitation, the water would find a level in the street, and as the immense travel created an abundance of mud, the street was . . . — Map (db m80153) HM

Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — Colonel Charles A. Lindbergh
In April 1923 Lindbergh, then an unknown 21-year-old mail pilot, experienced engine trouble and landed his airplane on the now-abandoned golf course behind this site of the old Lake Village County Club. He remained in Lake Village overnight. During . . . — Map (db m89779) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — 79 — Lakeport in the Civil War
When Arkansas went to war in 1861, Lycurgus and Lydia Johnson and their family stayed with their home at Lakeport. By 1862, U.S. gunboats were common on the Mississippi River, and on Sept. 6, 1862, Confederate troops burned 158 bales of cotton at . . . — Map (db m89797) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — The Battle at Ditch Bayou
It is the morning of June 6, 1864. Rain has created a muddy mess. To your left are four cannon. To your right are 600 cavalrymen and two more cannon. These men served under Confederate Colonel Colten Greene. To your front is Ditch Bayou, and 700 . . . — Map (db m90432) HM
Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — The Casualties at Ditch Bayou June 6, 1864
The battle at Ditch Bayou was a Federal effort to drive Confederates away from the Mississippi River, where the Confederates had been harassing Union shipping. Even though the Confederates were outnumbered here, they were able to inflict heavy . . . — Map (db m90418) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — Shelby's Approach
Approaching Marks Mills from the south General Joe Shelby's Missouri Division was ordered to move to the right in order to block the Marks Mills to Mt Elba Road preventing The Union forces from escaping across the Saline River. Guided by . . . — Map (db m121660) HM
Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — Witnesses to War
So many horses and soldiers were killed that Salty Branch ran red with blood. In 1864, Camden was a large town on the Ouachita River, as was Pine Bluff on the Arkansas River. Moro Bay, to the south, was the largest cotton shipping point . . . — Map (db m121330) HM
Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — The Arkansas
This is the 16,000 pound anchor off the bow of the nuclear powered guided missile cruiser USS Arkansas, CGN-41. This anchor was placed here in grateful memory of those who served aboard her. Four ships of the United States Navy and one of the . . . — Map (db m116687) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Log Town Hill
The residents of Log Town were witness to the retreat of the Rebel army through Van Buren and onward through their settlement. High on Log Town Hill the community watched as masses of Southern soldiers crowded the hill trying desperately to reach . . . — Map (db m96614) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Overlooking His Domain
From the front of his home, John Drennen could overlook the bustling port town of Van Buren, including the wharf originally known as Phillips Landing. Until after the Civil War, the Arkansas River and the steamboats that plied its . . . — Map (db m120427) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — The Butterfield Stage Route
The Butterfield stage route between Saint Louis and San Francisco passed through the main street of Van Buren, Arkansas and crossed the river at this point. — Map (db m96457) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — 127 — Van Buren Raid
After the Dec. 7, 1862, Battle of Prairie Grove, the Union Frontier Division set out to strike Confederate forces on the Arkansas River. On Dec. 27, 8,000 Union troops headed south through the Boston Mountains. They hit Van Buren on Dec. 28 and . . . — Map (db m119954) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — 62 — The Sultana Tragedy
On April 27, 1865, the steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River. She was heading north, dangerously overloaded with some 2,200 passengers, most of them freed Union prisoners of war from the Andersonville and Cahaba camps. A . . . — Map (db m116352) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — The Loss of the Sultana
Early on April 27, 1865, the overcrowded steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River near Marion, Arkansas. The vast majority of the Sultana's passengers, believed to number over 2000, were Federal soldiers, recently released . . . — Map (db m116356) HM
Arkansas (Dallas County), Leola — 117 — Skirmish at Guesses Creek
Front Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army left Camden on April 26, 1864, starting a retreat to Little Rock. Confederate pursuers caught up with them on April 29 on the Jenkins’ Ferry Road and began skirmishing. Union gunners of the 2nd . . . — Map (db m121168) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Dumas — Arkansas Indians
The Arkansas Indians (the down stream people), a branch of the Quapaw tribe, lived in Desha County. Their presence was first recorded by Marquette and Joliet, French explorers, in 1673. They were known as les Beaux Hommes. La Salle while . . . — Map (db m107809) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — Old Town of Napoleon
This important river port, county seat of Desha County from 1838 to 1874, was located 24 miles east at the junction of the Arkansas River with the Mississippi. The town was finally abandoned after most of it washed into the Mississippi River. — Map (db m107758) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — 64 — Skirmish at Amos Bayou
In mid-February 1863, Confederate troops at Cypress Bend fired on Union transports on the Mississippi River. On Feb. 19, a force of Union cavalry and mule-mounted infantry set out in pursuit. The Union troops drove off enemy pickets before . . . — Map (db m107693) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Watson — Desha County Seat — 1874 - 1880 —
Watson became the county seat of Desha County after Napoleon was abandoned to the Mississippi River. Lewis W. Watson donated the land and built the courthouse near this site. The county seat was moved to Arkansas City in 1880. Watson remained the . . . — Map (db m107757) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 450th Commemoration De Soto Expedition1541 – 1991
The Hernando De Soto expedition is believed to have passed near Cadron en route to points west. Some researchers think the expedition crossed the Arkansas River (River of Cayas) near what is now Dardanelle. — Map (db m96641) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — Lt. Joseph W. Harris, U.S.A.
Joseph W. Harris of New Hampshire, received appointment to the Military Academy at West Point at the age of 17 and graduated in 1825. He was assigned to accompany a group of 750 Cherokees aboard the steamboat Yeatman. They were forced to land at . . . — Map (db m97914) HM
Arkansas (Garland County), Hot Springs — Happy Hollow Spring
Spas thrive on pleasant diversions. In contrast to sedate Bathhouse Row, Happy Hollow developed a a free-wheeling carnival atmosphere. At the turn of the century, Norman Mcleod opened an amusement park in the vicinity of this cold spring and . . . — Map (db m145652) HM
Arkansas (Garland County), Hot Springs — Ral Springs
This spring remained open long after others were enclosed and diverted to bathhouses. It was common for the water of each hot spring to have a reputation for curing particular ailments, and the shallow water in this pool led naturally to foot . . . — Map (db m145651) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 113 — Jenkins Ferry / Pontoon Bridge
Jenkins Ferry In 1846, Thomas Jenkins paid the Saline County clerk $1 to register to “keep a ferry” and charge travelers to cross the Saline near the mouth of Cox’s Creek when the river was at flood stage. Gen. Frederick . . . — Map (db m121204) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — Red River CampaignBattle of Jenkins' Ferry
Tablet #1 Jenkins' Ferry State Park Act 10 of 1961 authorized this 37-acre state park as a commemorative site and recreation area. The park includes the ferry site where you are standing. The ferry was operated by the Jenkins' family . . . — Map (db m37304) HM
Arkansas (Grant County), Prattsville — 116 — Clash at Whitten's Mill
Front Both Union and Confederate cavalry moved north of Jenkins’ Ferry on April 29, 1864. Lt. Col. Benjamin Elliott’s 1st Missouri Cavalry Battalion had been sent to Princeton on the 28th to seek Gen. Frederick Steele’s army as it . . . — Map (db m121182) HM
Arkansas (Hot Spring County), Malvern — 122 — Bridging the Ouachita River
Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army from Little Rock on March 23, 1864, to join an invasion of Texas. Confederate skirmishers harassed the army as it reached Rockport March 27. An inflatable pontoon bridge, in 34 wagons and served by men of the . . . — Map (db m121148) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — 60 — Shelling of Jacksonport
In spring 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas Hindman sent the C.S.S. Maurepas under Capt. Joseph Fry up the White River to destroy Union supplies at Jacksonport and Grand Glaize. Fry arrived on June 2, 1862, and began shelling Jacksonport. Union . . . — Map (db m116187) HM
Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — Surrender at Jacksonport
Here on June 5, 1865 Confederate General Jeff Thompson formally surrendered the army of Northern Arkansas to Union military authorities. More than five thousand officers and enlisted men who served under Thompson were paroled here, as were several . . . — Map (db m116199) HM
Arkansas (Johnson County), Clarksville — 103 — Clarksville in the Civil War / Depredations
Side 1 Clarksville in the Civil War Clarksville was a key point in the defense of the Arkansas River Valley during the Civil War. Confederate troops occupied the town several times before Union forces took Little Rock . . . — Map (db m96447) HM
Arkansas (Johnson County), Clarksville — C-23 — Johnson County First Anthracite Coal
The first anthracite coal was mined near here on the land of E.B. Alston by a Mr. Walker in 1840. Sample of coal were taken to Little Rock and examined by William E. Woodruff, who pronounced it superior to that found in Pennsylvania. Mr. Walker went . . . — Map (db m96638) HM
Arkansas (Little River County), Alleene — Anderson Ferry
Anderson Ferry, on Little River 2 miles north of this point, was in operation during the early 1800's. It served the pioneers traveling to southwest Arkansas and Texas on the Old Southwest Trail. Anderson Ferry provided a passage from Old Paraclifta . . . — Map (db m121276) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Mark Twain's Plum Point Landing & Overlook
Mark Twain referred to Osceola as "the famous and formidable Plum Point" in his book, Life on the Mississippi, as well as other writings. First established in 1837 as Plum Point, Osceola was incorporated in 1853. From this vantage point, one could . . . — Map (db m36301) HM
Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — Mississippi River Levee
Floods of 1927 and 1937 overwhelmed eastern Arkansas, destroying cotton crops and countless homes. To prevent future loss of life and economic devastation, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the St. Francis Levee District built an extensive levee . . . — Map (db m36330) HM
Arkansas (Ouachita County), Camden — Camden Water BattleCivil War — 1864 —
In the fall of 1864, much of the Confederate infantry in Arkansas was ordered to move to Camden to protect the approaches to Texas during General Sterling Price’s absences in being transferred to the Missouri Campaign.

In September 1864, . . . — Map (db m106889) HM WM

Arkansas (Phillips County), Barton — 84 — Lick Creek Skirmish
After the Jan. 11, 1863, battle at Arkansas Post, Gen. Willis Gorman led troops from Helena on a raid up the White River. Col. Powell Clayton and 1,200 cavalrymen went to Big Creek west of Helena when a patrol of 25 men of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry . . . — Map (db m107709) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — "the gun boat Tyler saved the day "
The guns of the U.S.S Tyler sent their last blast hurtling toward Graveyard Hill at 10:30 A.M. on July 4, 1863. The Confederates were retreating. Helena remained in Union hands. The Battle of Helena, July 4 1863 The Tyler steamed into . . . — Map (db m51915) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Battle of HelenaJuly 4, 1863
Confederate General Theophilus Holmes wanted to regain control of Helena, an island of Union control in Confederate Arkansas. His attack failed. Miscommunication, lack of information, and the determined resistance of the Union troops, who vowed not . . . — Map (db m107941) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Explore our Top Outdoor Destinations
The Mississippi River defines Helena The Mississippi River has for centuries been the backbone of life in Helena; fertilizing its soil, supporting its farms and businesses, connecting people and cultures. Despite this rich history, there is . . . — Map (db m107810) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Fight at the Levee
During the Battle of Helena on July 4, 1863, constant fire from Union cavalry and artillery near the levee helped stall the Confederate advance on Battery A. The Union Troops at the Levee . . . — Map (db m107930) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Hernando De Soto
1541-1931 June 18, 1541 Hernando De Soto Crossed the Mississippi River near Friar's Point to Aquixo an Indian Village south of Helena, Arkansas — Map (db m51917) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — River Birds
Seasons change, as they do, birds and other wild animals migrate from one place to the next to find food. Many birds follow the twists and turns of the Mississippi River as they journey from the northern United States to their winter breeding . . . — Map (db m107814) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Avenging Fire of the Gunboat
The gunboat U.S.S. Tyler gave the Union defenders a decided advantage in the Battle of Helena. Her captain could move the gunboat and its heavy artillery where it was needed most, and that is exactly what he did. Map (db m107975) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Battle of HelenaJuly 4, 1863
Confederate General Theophilus Holmes wanted to regain control of Helena, an island of Union control in Confederate Arkansas. His attack failed. Miscommunication, lack of information, and the determined resistance of the Union troops, who vowed not . . . — Map (db m107937) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Helena Bridge
Built in 1961, the Helena bridge is about a mile long and 28 feet wide. It stretches across the Mississippi River, linking Helena with the town of Lula, Mississippi via US 49.

Before the bridge Until the early 1960s, there was no bridge . . . — Map (db m107818) HM

Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The Mississippi River Defines Helena
The Mississippi River has for centuries been the backbone of life in Helena; fertilizing its soil, supporting its farms and businesses, connecting people and cultures. Helena, built at the base of Crowley’s Ridge, finds itself in a unique location . . . — Map (db m107811) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — The River Connects communities
Among our nations’s most valuable treasures: a web of inland waterways that winds its way through America’s heartland to the Mississippi River. Boats carrying people and freight use these well-traveled “marine highways” to travel from . . . — Map (db m107817) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — What is the impact of stormwater on the Mississippi
The impact of stormwater runoff on the Mississippi River is an environmental concern. The quality and quantity of water in all of our streams, rivers, lakes, aquifers, and oceans is diminishing. We can reverse this negative trend by becoming . . . — Map (db m113256) HM
Arkansas (Pope County), Russellville — Exploring the Arkansas
'The Arkansea' was a land of mystery, wonder and riches... Back east rumors grew of the Arkansea, a land of vast swamps, gators, buffalo, elk, beaver, and more bear than could be imagined. There were huge flocks of green and yellow . . . — Map (db m142029) HM
Arkansas (Pope County), Russellville — Steamboats - Power on the River
The first steamboat to ascend the Arkansas River, the Comet, arrived at Arkansas Post on March 31, 1820, and river travel was transformed. Two years later people in the new town of Little Rock were jubilant over the arrival of the first . . . — Map (db m142031) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — 2 — DeValls Bluff in the Civil War
DeValls Bluff was strategically important to both the Union and Confederate armies as a major White River port and as head of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad. It became a key Union supply depot after its fall 1863 occupation, as well as a haven . . . — Map (db m96455) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — DeValls Bluff Under FireBlue and Gray Fight on the Grand Prairie
DeValls Bluff’s status as an excellent riverport and the head of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad made it an important base for both Confederate and Union forces. Hoping to block Federal ships from moving up the White River, Major Gen. Thomas C. . . . — Map (db m96666) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — DeValls Bluff: A Key Union BaseDeValls Bluff Was A Major Union Supply Depot
DEVALL’S BLUFF, ARKANSAS August 23, 1863. GENERAL: Having reconnoitered the different routes, I have decided to commence my line of operations at this point, and have moved the depot and hospital here to-day. The site chosen is a . . . — Map (db m96672) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — DeValls Bluff: A Major Union Riverport
Rising from the Boston Mountains, the White River meanders 720 miles to its junction with the Arkansas River in the southeastern part of the state. The fast-moving water kept the White River from suffering the build-up of silt that made such rivers . . . — Map (db m96674) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — War on the White RiverThe Most Important Waterway in Civil War Arkansas
With a swift current and deep channel that allowed deeper-draft vessels to use it reliably as far north as Batesville, the White River was the most important river in Civil War Arkansas and was used extensively by both sides. The Confederate . . . — Map (db m96669) HM
Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — Why DeValls Bluff
DeValls Bluff was ideally situated to be an important location in the Civil War. The riverport was located at a point on the White River that was navigable at all seasons, a distinct advantage over Arkansas River sites that were frequently isolated . . . — Map (db m96667) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Baucum — 4 — The Little Rock Campaign - River CrossingUnion Troops Cross Arkansas River to Capture Little Rock
North of where you are standing, Union troops on September 10, 1863, constructed a wooden pontoon bridge across the Arkansas River allowing Union Brigadier General John W. Davidson's cavalry division to proceed to Little Rock. Major General . . . — Map (db m116523) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — Battle of Reed's Bridge
On August 27, 1863 the Federal army was advancing along the Military Road toward Little Rock when its Cavalry Division of 6,000 men under Gen. John W. Davidson attempted a crossing here and was met by a Confederate force of 4,000 under Gen. John S. . . . — Map (db m116508) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — Memphis Military Road
Construction of this earliest road connecting Memphis with Little Rock began in 1826 under the supervision of Lt. Frederick L. Griffith, U.S. Army. It was completed in 1828 under Lt. Charles Thomas. Miles of swamps and numerous streams made the road . . . — Map (db m116509) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — A Piece of the Rock, a Piece of HistoryLa Petite Roche Historical Walk
The Little Rock was not always as it is now. To support the Junction Bridge and ensure an adequate channel for river traffic, much of the Rock was removed in 1872 and 1884. No one knows how the Point of Rocks looked before progress took its . . . — Map (db m116557) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — It is River CityLa Petite Roche Historical Walk
In the early days of Little Rock, the Arkansas River was the lifeblood of the community. The Little Rock extended out into the river, pulling the current around it to form a natural landing basin for boats. The earliest ferry across the . . . — Map (db m116539) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — River Traffic
Ferries: Early ferry services were established as a ford on the Southwest Trail at "the point of rocks" between 1812 and 1819. Eventually, there were ferries in at least three locations serving the city, one just above the Old State House, . . . — Map (db m117432) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — Settlements
While the Quapaw Indians could be said to "own" the land which is the Riverfront Park, their villages were actually along the Arkansas River between the "point of rocks" and the Mississippi River. However, the Imbeau, Bartholomew, and Coussatt . . . — Map (db m117431) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — Smaller Rock, Big BridgeLa Petite Roche Historical Walk
Post-Civil War, railroads became vital to the Arkansas economy. Point of Rocks was a natural support for a railroad bridge on the river. In October 1872, construction began at the Little Rock with several tons of rock removed from the . . . — Map (db m116541) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — The "Little Rock"1722
A section of the "Little Rock" located at the foot of Rock Street forming the south pier of the railroad bridge over the Arkansas River, being the first rock seen by the French explorer, Bernard De La Harpe, on his voyage from the mouth of the . . . — Map (db m102141) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — The Big Rock and the Little RockLa Petite Roche Historical Walk
Jean-Baptiste Bénard de La Harpe was the first European explorer to record the existence of a large rocky bluff on the north bank of the Arkansas River. According to his journal, La Harpe named it le Rocher Français ("the French Rock") on . . . — Map (db m116558) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 73 — The Camden Expedition
On March 23, 1864, Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army south from Little Rock to join another army in Louisiana and invade Texas. After fighting at Elkins' Ferry and Prairie D'Ane, Steele's hungry army occupied Camden. Disastrous defeats at . . . — Map (db m116237) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 5 — The Little Rock Campaign - Bayou FourcheThe Battle Before The Fall Of Little Rock
Looking northeast to your right about 300 yards downstream, you can see the area of the primary fighting of the Battle of Bayou Fourche. Fighting began about noon on Wednesday, September 10, 1863, after Union Brigadier General John Davidson's troops . . . — Map (db m116532) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 6 — The Little Rock Campaign - Riverfront ParkLittle Rock Falls
Early in August of 1863 the Union Army began a march from Helena to Little Rock. Confederate troops, commanded by Major General Sterling Price, waited to defend the city primarily from the ridge north of the Arkansas River. But Federal forces . . . — Map (db m116536) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 34 — C.S.S. Pontchartrain
The elegant steamboat Lizzie Simmons was built in 1859 and ran between Memphis and New Orleans until the Confederate Navy bought her in 1861 and converted her into a gunboat, the C.S.S. Pontchartrain. The vessel fought on the . . . — Map (db m116257) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Scott — 3 — The Little Rock Campaign - Ashley's MillsConfederates and Union Forces Skirmish
You are standing in the vicinity of where Confederate forces camped on Monday, September 7, 1863, when Union forces under Major General Frederick Steele advancing from Brownsville engaged the brigade of Colonel Robert C. Newton, C.S.A., driving his . . . — Map (db m116519) HM
Arkansas (Union County), El Dorado — D-38 — Union County Second Courthouse
This marks the site of the second court house built in Union County. Completed May 1st, 1848. The spot was originally a pond where ducks gathered in season. Emigrants in search of home sites frequently camped alongs its banks. It was filled in under . . . — Map (db m121292) HM
Arkansas (White County), Gum Springs — 32 — Action at Des Arc Bayou
On July 8, 1864, a column of 221 men of the 10th Illinois Cavalry headed for Searcy to confront Gen. J.O. Shelbys Confederates, who were operating in the area. They set up camp at Des Arc Bayou on July 13. At 4:30 a.m. July 14, around 500 men under . . . — Map (db m116328) HM
Arkansas (White County), Searcy — 39 — Searcy Landing in the Civil War / Guerrilla War on the Little Red
Searcy Landing in the Civil War Searcy Landing was a steamboat stop with cotton warehouses before the war. On May 9, 1862, Col. P.J. Osterhaus's 3rd Division of the Union Army of the Southwest built a bridge across the Little Red River, . . . — Map (db m116325) HM
Arkansas (White County), West Point — 38 — Naval Combat at West Point / Combat on the Little Red River
Naval Combat at West Point The U.S. gunboat Cricket steamed up the Little Red River Aug. 14, 1863, hunting the Confederate steamboats Kaskaskia and Tom Sugg. She captured the vessels at Searcy Landing and destroyed a . . . — Map (db m116269) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Augusta — Chickasaw CrossingRiver Mile 198
Chickasaws and Quapaws crossed the White River here to visit, long before the first settlers. First post office, named Chickasaw Crossing in Feb. 1848, was soon changed to Augusta. Steamboats docked here to deliver goods and left with . . . — Map (db m116629) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Augusta — City of AugustaSesquicentennial 1848 - 1998
Thomas Hough founded Augusta in 1848, naming it after his favorite cousin, Miss Augusta Cald, of Virginia. For generations it was known as Chickasaw Crossing. The first settlers came in 1820. It was incorporated in 1861. During the Civil . . . — Map (db m116630) HM

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Apr. 8, 2020