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MARKER DATABASE
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
104 entries match your criteria. The first 100 are listed. The final 4 ⊳
 
 

Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission Historical Markers

Scores of markers placed by the Arkansas Civil War Sesquicentennial Commission to commemorate the state's rich Civil War history.
 
View of Arkansas Post Museum State Park near marker. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
View of Arkansas Post Museum State Park near marker.
1Arkansas (Arkansas County), Gillett — 10 — Battle of Arkansas Post
On January 9, 1863, Gen. John McClernand and Adm. David D. Porter led a 30,000 man army and a flotilla of Union gunboats up the Arkansas River to confront Gen. T.J. Churchill's 5,000 Confederates at Arkansas Post. The gunboats bombarded Fort Hindman . . . Map (db m107701) HM
2Arkansas (Ashley County), Hamburg — 98 — Ashley County in the Civil War / 3rd Arkansas Infantry Regiment
Front Ashley County in the Civil War Thirteen companies were raised and organized in Ashley County for Confederate service during the Civil War: Co. F, 2nd Arkansas Cavalry; Cos. A, B, K and L, 3rd Arkansas Infantry; Co. F, 8th . . . Map (db m107691) HM
3Arkansas (Baxter County), Mountain Home — 68 — Skirmishes Near Mountain Home
On Oct. 12, 1862, Maj. John Wilber led a force of 125 men of the 14th Missouri State Militia (U.S.) and 100 from the Enrolled Militia from Ozark, Mo., to hit Confederate troops camped at Yellville. High water on the White River forced the Union . . . Map (db m170457) HM
4Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — 83 — Van Winkle's Mill
Peter Van Winkle’s saw mill cut lumber for Confederate soldiers’ winter quarters at Cross Hollow and Oxford Bend in early 1862. Gen. Earl Van Dorn’s Confederates used the mill to grind corn after their March 1862 defeat at Pea Ridge, and wounded men . . . Map (db m90738) HM
5Arkansas (Boone County), Everton — 31 — Skirmish at Rolling Prairie
On Jan. 21, 1864, Sgt. Isaac T. Jones led 24 men of the 11th Missouri Cavalry Volunteers into north Arkansas to bring dispatches to other Missouri troops operating against bushwhackers in the region. Jones and his men were near Rolling Prairie on . . . Map (db m141611) HM
6Arkansas (Boone County), Harrison — 26 — Boone County Men Served Both Armies / Military Activity in Boone County
Boone County Men Served Both Armies During the Civil War (1861-1865), most of Boone Co. was part of Carroll with a small part in Marion Co. Local men served in both armies. There was a lot of military activity. The "Joe Wright Guards", CSA, . . . Map (db m141558) HM
7Arkansas (Carroll County), Berryville — 17 — Berryville In The Civil War
Both U.S. and C.S. troops rendezvoused in Berryville during the Civil War. By 1865, most of the town was in ruins. U.S. units were stationed here in 1863-64, including the 1st and 2nd Arkansas Cavalry, 6th and 8th Missouri State Militia, and Gaddy's . . . Map (db m168287) HM
8Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — 18 — Civil War Healing
The Eureka Springs area's reputation as a health resort has its origins in the Civil War. Late 19th-century accounts claim Dr. Alvah Jackson treated sick and wounded soldiers during the war. In early 1865, Maj. J. W. Cooper, who led Confederate . . . Map (db m59967) HM
9Arkansas (Chicot County), Lake Village — 79 — Lakeport in the Civil War
When Arkansas went to war in 1861, Lycurgus and Lydia Johnson and their family stayed with their home at Lakeport. By 1862, U.S. gunboats were common on the Mississippi River, and on Sept. 6, 1862, Confederate troops burned 158 bales of cotton at . . . Map (db m89797) HM
10Arkansas (Clark County), Caddo Valley — 65 — Confederate Manufacturing / The Military Road
(Side One) Confederate Manufacturing Arkadelphia was a manufacturing center for Confederate Arkansas early in the Civil War. Gen. Thomas Hindman established a powder works and an arsenal in 1862, producing guns, cannon, bullets, . . . Map (db m96557) HM
11Arkansas (Cleburne County), Heber Springs — 49 — The Civil War in Cleburne County / Troops Raised in Cleburne County
The Civil War in Cleburne County Cleburne County was infested with bands of bushwhackers who would prey on both military and civilian targets. Union troops operating in the area also seized food from civilians. Guerrillas ambushed 35 men . . . Map (db m141586) HM
12Arkansas (Cleveland County), New Edinburg — 76 — Battle of Marks' Mills / Marks Family Experience
Battle of Marks' Mills On April 23, 1864, a Union force with 240 wagons left Camden to get supplies from Pine Bluff for Gen. Frederick Steele's army. Gen. James Fagan's Confederate cavalrymen ambushed them at Marks' Mills on April 25. . . . Map (db m121150) HM
13Arkansas (Columbia County), Magnolia — 24 — Gen. John Porter McCown
John P. McCown was born Aug. 19, 1815, in Sevierville, Tenn. An 1840 graduate of West Point, he served in the Mexican and Seminole wars before resigning from the U.S. Army on May 17, 1861. McCown joined the Confederate army, rising to the rank of . . . Map (db m121139) HM
14Arkansas (Conway County), Morrilton — 131 — Lewisburg in the Civil War
While a Confederate unit, the Conway Mounted Rifles, formed at Lewisburg in May 1861, the town was a Union base for much of the war. A garrison was established Sept. 28, 1863, and Col. Abraham H. Ryan recruited the 3rd Arkansas Cavalry (U.S.) there. . . . Map (db m170456) HM
15Arkansas (Conway County), Plummerville — 100 — Conway County in the Civil War / Murder of John Clayton
Side 1 Conway County in the Civil War Conway County men served in both the Union and Confederate armies in the Civil War. Co. I, 1st Arkansas Mounted Rifles, Co. B, Carroll’s Cavalry, Co. I, 36th Arkansas Infantry, . . . Map (db m96451) HM
16Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 95 — Last Confederate Veteran
The last Confederate veteran living in Arkansas, William Murphy Loudermilk, is buried here in Keller’s Chapel Cemetery. Private Loudermilk, who was born Oct. 17, 1847, joined a North Carolina regiment in the Army of Tennessee at age 16 and fought at . . . Map (db m116195) HM
17Arkansas (Craighead County), Jonesboro — 96 — Troops Raised in Craighead County
Several companies were raised in Craighead County for the Confederate army. Co. I of the 13th Arkansas Infantry – the “Confederate Grays” – formed in 1861. A company of the 23rd Arkansas Infantry and Co. I of the 30th . . . Map (db m116186) HM
18Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — 127 — Van Buren Raid
After the Dec. 7, 1862, Battle of Prairie Grove, the Union Frontier Division set out to strike Confederate forces on the Arkansas River. On Dec. 27, 8,000 Union troops headed south through the Boston Mountains. They hit Van Buren on Dec. 28 and . . . Map (db m119954) HM
19Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — 62 — The Sultana Tragedy
On April 27, 1865, the steamboat Sultana exploded on the Mississippi River. She was heading north, dangerously overloaded with some 2,200 passengers, most of them freed Union prisoners of war from the Andersonville and Cahaba camps. A . . . Map (db m116352) HM
20Arkansas (Cross County), Wittsburg — 28 — Wittsburg in the Civil War
After Arkansas seceded from the Union in May 1861, Confederate officers began to recruit in the Wittsburg area. Companies B, D, F and K of the 5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment were organized at Wittsburg June 12-14, 1861. David Cross, for whom Cross . . . Map (db m116179) HM
21Arkansas (Dallas County), Fordyce — 106 — Road to Marks' Mills / Battle of Marks' Mills
Road to Marks' Mills Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army set out from Little Rock on March 23, 1864, to join a second army in Louisiana and invade Texas. He made it as far as modern-day Prescott before turning toward Camden in hopes of . . . Map (db m121222) HM
22Arkansas (Dallas County), Leola — 117 — Skirmish at Guesses Creek
Front Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army left Camden on April 26, 1864, starting a retreat to Little Rock. Confederate pursuers caught up with them on April 29 on the Jenkins’ Ferry Road and began skirmishing. Union gunners of the 2nd . . . Map (db m121168) HM
23Arkansas (Dallas County), Tulip — 48 — Arkansas Military Institute / Tulip in the Civil War
Arkansas Military Institute The state legislature chartered the Arkansas Military Institute in 1850, and the school was built on Chapel Ridge in Tulip. Cadets had to be over 14 and at least 4 feet 9 inches tall. Classes included Latin, . . . Map (db m121218) HM
24Arkansas (Desha County), Kelso — 64 — Skirmish at Amos Bayou
In mid-February 1863, Confederate troops at Cypress Bend fired on Union transports on the Mississippi River. On Feb. 19, a force of Union cavalry and mule-mounted infantry set out in pursuit. The Union troops drove off enemy pickets before . . . Map (db m107693) HM
25Arkansas (Drew County), Monticello — 91 — Drew County Troops
(side 1) Sixteen Confederate companies were raised in Drew County during the Civil War. Two, the "Confederate Stars" and "Selma Rifles," joined the 3rd Arkansas Infantry and fought with the Army of Northern Virginia. Three, the "Cut-off . . . Map (db m85087) HM
26Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 82 — Cadron in the Civil War
Confederate forces used Cadron as a base in the war’s early years, and Union troops were here after taking Little Rock in September 1863. The site was valuable for the saw and grist mills nearby, the telegraph line that ran to Little Rock, and the . . . Map (db m96452) HM
27Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — 78 — Faulkner County in the Civil War
Front Faulkner County had divided loyalties during the Civil War. Soon after the war started, Col. A.R. Witt helped organize several companies for the 10th Arkansas Infantry (C.S.). After fighting at Shiloh, the 10th was captured at Port . . . Map (db m119987) HM
28Arkansas (Franklin County), Ozark — 120 — Skirmishes at Roseville
On March 29, 1864, troops of the 30th Texas Cavalry and local partisans attacked the Union post at Roseville south of here, burning 133 bales of cotton and two cotton gins. They returned in force on May 4 and drove the defending troops of the 2nd . . . Map (db m119956) HM
29Arkansas (Fulton County), Mammoth Spring — 93 — Civil War in Fulton County / Action at Salem
Civil War in Fulton CountyFulton County men fought on both sides in the Civil War, and some were arrested in 1861 as members of the Unionist Peace Society. U.S. troops marched through in April 1862 during the Pea Ridge Campaign. . . . Map (db m179988) HM
30Arkansas (Garland County), Hot Springs — 99 — Skirmish at Farr's Mill
On July 5, 1864, a battalion of the 4th Arkansas Cavalry (U.S.) left Little Rock on a scouting mission toward Caddo Gap. They fought small bands of Confederate soldiers each day before arriving at Farr’s Mill, where Gulpha Creek hits the Ouachita . . . Map (db m170440) HM
31Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 112 — Confederate Headquarters / Confederate Flank Attack
Confederate Headquarters Confederate Gen. Edmund Kirby Smith led troops from Louisiana on a forced march to attack Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army as it crossed the Saline River to retreat to Little Rock. He arrived here on April 29, . . . Map (db m121215) HM
32Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 113 — Jenkins Ferry / Pontoon Bridge
Jenkins Ferry In 1846, Thomas Jenkins paid the Saline County clerk $1 to register to “keep a ferry” and charge travelers to cross the Saline near the mouth of Cox’s Creek when the river was at flood stage. Gen. Frederick . . . Map (db m121204) HM
33Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 115 — Officers Killed / Union Wounded
Officers Killed Gen. J.G. Walker’s Texas Division made the final Confederate attack in the April 30, 1864, battle of Jenkins’ Ferry. Its three brigades, led by Gen. William Read Scurry, Gen. Thomas N. Waul and Col. Horace Randal, charged . . . Map (db m121207) HM
34Arkansas (Grant County), Leola — 114 — Refugee Children / Supplies Destroyed
Refugee Children Many African Americans fleeing slavery were with Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army as it retreated to Little Rock. As army wagons became stuck in the thick mud, so too did wagons with refugee children. Some were . . . Map (db m121183) HM
35Arkansas (Grant County), Prattsville — 116 — Clash at Whitten's Mill
Front Both Union and Confederate cavalry moved north of Jenkins’ Ferry on April 29, 1864. Lt. Col. Benjamin Elliott’s 1st Missouri Cavalry Battalion had been sent to Princeton on the 28th to seek Gen. Frederick Steele’s army as it . . . Map (db m121182) HM
36Arkansas (Greene County), Paragould — 57 — 5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment
The 5th Arkansas Infantry Regiment was organized on June 28, 1861, at Gainesville about 7 miles northwest of modern-day Paragould. Men from Greene County served in Companies C, D, E and H. The soldiers trained and camped near the springs at Camp . . . Map (db m170413) HM
37Arkansas (Hot Spring County), Malvern — 122 — Bridging the Ouachita River
Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army from Little Rock on March 23, 1864, to join an invasion of Texas. Confederate skirmishers harassed the army as it reached Rockport March 27. An inflatable pontoon bridge, in 34 wagons and served by men of the . . . Map (db m121148) HM
38Arkansas (Howard County), Center Point — 126 — Howard County in the Civil War
At least four Confederate companies were recruited in what is now Howard County, including three serving in the 19th Arkansas Infantry, which trained near Center Point. The 19th Arkansas was part of the garrison at Arkansas Post when it was . . . Map (db m121146) HM
39Arkansas (Independence County), Batesville — 14 — Batesville During The Civil War
Union soldiers occupied Batesville twice during the Civil War. Gen. Samuel Curtis's Army of the Southwest camped near this site in May 1862 while threatening Little Rock. Union troops were impressed with the town's culture and appearance, saying . . . Map (db m70557) HM
40Arkansas (Izard County), Calico Rock — 140 — Military Activity at Calico Rock / Bushwhackers
Military Activity at Calico Rock While no battles were fought at Calico Rock, the area saw considerable military activity. The 4th Missouri Cavalry (C.S.) and 1st Illinois Cavalry skirmished at Calico Rock Landing on May 26, 1861. Following . . . Map (db m170196) HM
41Arkansas (Izard County), Lacrosse — 86 — Wild Haws in the Civil War
Union troops passed through the Wild Haws area many times during the Civil War. Gen. Samuel Curtis was here with cavalry, artillery and Illinois infantry on May 1, 1862. Fifth Kansas Cavalry troops rode through on July 6, 1862, as did a company of . . . Map (db m170462) HM
42Arkansas (Jackson County), Jacksonport — 60 — Shelling of Jacksonport
In spring 1862, Confederate Gen. Thomas Hindman sent the C.S.S. Maurepas under Capt. Joseph Fry up the White River to destroy Union supplies at Jacksonport and Grand Glaize. Fry arrived on June 2, 1862, and began shelling Jacksonport. Union . . . Map (db m116187) HM
43Arkansas (Jefferson County), Pine Bluff — 29 — Boone-Murphy House / Union Strategy and Pine Bluff
Boone-Murphy House Following the Union capture of Little Rock on Sept. 10, 1863, citizens of Pine Bluff asked that a Union garrison be stationed there for their protection. Gen. Frederick Steele sent the veteran 5th Kansas Cavalry and 1st . . . Map (db m170444) HM
44Arkansas (Johnson County), Clarksville — 103 — Clarksville in the Civil War / Depredations
Clarksville in the Civil War Clarksville was a key point in the defense of the Arkansas River Valley during the Civil War. Confederate troops occupied the town several times before Union forces took Little Rock and Ft. Smith, gaining . . . Map (db m96447) HM
45Arkansas (Lafayette County), Stamps — 139 — Pioneering Legislators
Three African American men represented Lafayette County in the state legislature after the Civil War. Monroe Hawkins, born a slave in North Carolina around 1832, was a minister and laborer. He was a delegate in the 1868 Constitutional Convention and . . . Map (db m121211) HM
46Arkansas (Lawrence County), Smithville — 142 — Skirmish Near Smithville / Capt. Wiley C. Jones
Skirmish near Smithville After the March 1862 Battle of Pea Ridge, Union troops moved into northern Arkansas. The 5th Illinois Cavalry under Maj. A.H. Seley occupied Smithville. On June 17, a local woman warned a patrol of the 5th that . . . Map (db m170473) HM
47Arkansas (Lawrence County), Smithville — 141 — The Civil War in Lawrence County / Skirmishes in Lawrence County
The Civil War in Lawrence County Smithville was the Lawrence County seat in 1861, and while most residents supported secession, others stayed loyal to the Union. At least 17 Confederate companies were raised in the county. Other troops . . . Map (db m170478) HM
48Arkansas (Lee County), Moro — 44 — Moro in the Civil War / Prelude to Helena
Moro in the Civil War The town of Moro was established in 1850 and about 700 people lived here and nearby when the Civil War began in 1861. Union troops from the 1st Indiana, 1st Missouri, 9th Illinois, 5th Kansas, 2nd Wisconsin, and 3rd . . . Map (db m116247) HM
49Arkansas (Lincoln County), Tyro — 81 — The Orphan Company
In 1861, John G. Gibson recruited a company at Tyro, Ark., that would become Co. H, 3rd Arkansas Infantry, nicknamed the Orphan Company, in the Army of Northern Virginia. Thirty-three Arkansas men joined in 1861, 22 in ’62, and one in ’63. . . . Map (db m107698) HM
50Arkansas (Little River County), Richmond — 42 — Confederate Camp at Richmond / Richmond Church and Cemetery
Confederate Camp at Richmond On Aug. 28, 1864, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price led an army from Camden on a raid that took them through Missouri, Kansas and the Indian Territory before they returned to Arkansas at Laynesport in Little . . . Map (db m121143) HM
51Arkansas (Logan County), Paris — 47 — Skirmish at Haguewood Prairie
In late September 1863, Confederate Col. J.O. Shelby's cavalry headed north to raid into Missouri. On Sept. 27, 1863, Shelby's scouts found Co. H, 1st Arkansas Infantry (U.S.) camped at Haguewood Prairie near present-day Paris. The Union troops . . . Map (db m129518) HM
52Arkansas (Lonoke County), Austin — 138 — Austin in the Civil War
As the Civil War began, the Caroline Home Guard formed at Austin on June 29, 1861. The “Austin Rifles” became Co. I, 5th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A. Both Union and Confederate troops camped at Austin during the war and Federal troops tore . . . Map (db m116330) HM
53Arkansas (Lonoke County), Carlisle — 90 — Action at Ashley's Station
On Aug. 24, 1864, Confederate Gen. J.O. Shelby and his men, wearing captured Union uniforms, attacked a series of forts protecting hay-cutting operations between modern-day Carlisle and Hazen. Confederate artillery blasted the forts held by the 54th . . . Map (db m96453) HM
54Arkansas (Lonoke County), Lonoke — 16 — Hicks' Station in the Civil War
Hicks' Station, located on the Memphis & Little Rock Railroad between DeValls Bluff and Huntersville (N Little Rock), guarded the eastern approaches to the capital city. During the Little Rock Campaign, Confederate cavalry used it as a staging area . . . Map (db m72142) HM WM
55Arkansas (Madison County), Huntsville — 54 — Huntsville Massacre
Front On January 10, 1863, nine men, including two Confederate officers and prominent local citizens and Masonic lodge members, were taken from a guardhouse near here, led to Samuel Vaughn's farm one mile northeast of Huntsville, and shot. . . . Map (db m141514) HM
56Arkansas (Madison County), Huntsville — 53 — Isaac Murphy / Governor Isaac Murphy
Front Isaac Murphy was born Oct. 16, 1799, in Pennsylvania. A teacher and lawyer, he moved to Fayetteville in 1834 and became involved in politics. Murphy took part in the 1849 Gold Rush, but lost his farm to creditors. He, his wife and . . . Map (db m141518) HM
57Arkansas (Marion County), Yellville — 46 — Yellville In The Civil War / Troops Raised In Marion County
Yellville In The Civil War While there were no major battles fought in Marion County, the area saw many scouts, expeditions and skirmishes during the Civil War, and civilians endured both soldiers and guerrillas. In November 1862. Union . . . Map (db m160309) HM
58Arkansas (Miller County), Rondo — 7 — Confederate Records Stored at Rondo
When Gen. Frederick Steele's Union army invaded southwest Arkansas in April 1864, threatening the Confederate state capital at Washington, Gov. Harris Flanagin moved the state archives to Rondo, where they were deposited in James Abraham's store. . . . Map (db m96022) HM
59Arkansas (Mississippi County), Etowah — 8 — Fighting Near Etowah
An expedition of about 100 soldiers of the Second Missouri Artillery (U.S.) set out from Osceola on April 5, 1864, in pursuit of guerrillas who had just robbed the town. Marching through dense swamps with water from 1 to 3 feet deep, the Missouri . . . Map (db m170408) HM
60Arkansas (Mississippi County), Osceola — 11 — Fighting Near Osceola
In late July 1864, Missouri Union cavalry headed south into Mississippi County to hunt for bands of guerillas. On August 2, they encountered Confederate pickets near Osceola and pursued them to the main force led by Captains Charles Bowen and H.M. . . . Map (db m170412) HM
61Arkansas (Monroe County), Clarendon — 63 — Clarendon in the Civil War
Clarendon was a major White River port and crossroads when the Civil War began. Six Confederate companies were raised here and in Monroe County in 1861-2. A Union fleet tried to supply the Army of the Southwest here in June 1862, but turned back . . . Map (db m152977) HM
62Arkansas (Nevada County), Prescott — 45 — Skirmishes at Prairie D'Ane
Gen. Sterling Price’s Confederate army held strong earthworks on the western edge of Prairie D’Ane when Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union troops approached on April 10, 1864, and dug their own trenches. After heavy fighting on the 10th, the combatants . . . Map (db m96559) HM
63Arkansas (Ouachita County), Bragg City — 25 — 1st Kansas Colored Infantry
The 1st Kansas Colored Infantry, a regiment that included many former Arkansas slaves, was formed in August 1862, the first black unit recruited during the war. 1st Kansas troops were the first black men to see combat, losing 10 killed and 12 . . . Map (db m56624) HM
64Arkansas (Perry County), Perryville — 74 — Perry County in the Civil War
Perry County men served on both sides in the Civil War. Many enlisted in Company B, 1st Arkansas Mounted Volunteers, the Perry County Rangers, in 1861. Later designated the 3rd Arkansas Cavalry, the troops fought for the Confederacy east of the . . . Map (db m156837) HM
65Arkansas (Phillips County), Barton — 84 — Lick Creek Skirmish
After the Jan. 11, 1863, battle at Arkansas Post, Gen. Willis Gorman led troops from Helena on a raid up the White River. Col. Powell Clayton and 1,200 cavalrymen went to Big Creek west of Helena when a patrol of 25 men of the 2nd Wisconsin Cavalry . . . Map (db m107709) HM
66Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — 51 — Seven Confederate Generals
Front Seven Phillips Co. men served as generals in the Confederate army. Patrick Cleburne, perhaps the most acclaimed Arkansas general, led an Army of Tennessee division and proposed freeing slaves if they would fight for the . . . Map (db m107716) HM
67Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — 52 — U.S.C.T. in Helena
On April 6, 1863, Adjutant General Lorenzo Thomas made a speech at Ft. Curtis seeking to enlist former slaves into the U.S. army. The next day, hundreds of black men joined the 1st Arkansas Infantry (African Descent). Later designated U.S. Colored . . . Map (db m107825) HM
68Arkansas (Pike County), Murfreesboro — 55 — Henry Merrell / Royston Factory Mill
Henry Merrell Henry Merrell, known as the "Industrial Missionary to the South," was born in Utica, N.Y., in 1816. He moved to Arkansas in 1856 and built an industrial complex in Pike Co. He helped draft an anti-secession resolution in . . . Map (db m121147) HM
69Arkansas (Pope County), Pottsville — 121 — Potts Family in the Civil War
Kirkbride Potts built Potts Inn in the 1850s and it served as a Butterfield Stage Route stop. When war began in 1861, Potts joined the Pope County Home Guard. Four sons were in the Confederate army. Thomas, Joseph and Richard Potts enlisted in the . . . Map (db m119958) HM
70Arkansas (Pope County), Russellville — 101 — Pope County in the Civil War / Pope County Militia War
Pope County in the Civil War Pope County soldiers served in at least 10 companies that were raised for Confederate service during the Civil War, fighting in battles east of the Mississippi River and in Arkansas. Two companies were . . . Map (db m119957) HM
71Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — 2 — DeValls Bluff in the Civil War
DeValls Bluff was strategically important to both the Union and Confederate armies as a major White River port and as head of the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad. It became a key Union supply depot after its fall 1863 occupation, as well as a haven . . . Map (db m96455) HM
72Arkansas (Prairie County), DeValls Bluff — 41 — Memphis and Little Rock Railroad
The Memphis and Little Rock Railroad was the first railroad to run in Arkansas. It was chartered in 1853, but when the Civil War began, only two sections were complete. One, running from DeValls Bluff to north of Little Rock, was finished in January . . . Map (db m96454) HM
73Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 85 — Bayou Metre Hornets
The 4th Arkansas Infantry Battalion (C.S.) enlisted at Little Rock on Nov. 10, 1861. It included Capt. T.F. Murff’s Co. A, the ‘Bayou Metre Hornets,’ which had received a flag at an Oct. 18 barbecue at modern-day Jacksonville. The regiment fought at . . . Map (db m116350) HM
74Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 135 — Confederates at Bayou Meto
Following their defeat at the July 4, 1863, Battle of Helena, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price’s infantry division fell back to Des Arc and Searcy. Price assumed command of the Confederate army in Arkansas on July 23 and Gen. James Fagan took over . . . Map (db m116472) HM
75Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — 118 — Marmaduke-Walker Duel
Following the Aug. 27, 1863, battle at Bayou Meto, Confederate Gen. John Marmaduke asked to be removed from under Gen. Lucius M. Walker’s command. The two generals were at odds over actions at Helena and Brownsville earlier in 1863. Marmaduke’s . . . Map (db m116265) HM
76Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 105 — Arkansas in the Battle of New Market
In May 1864, Confederate troops in the Shenandoah Valley were under strength. The Union army threatened to cut off supplies to Lee's Army of No. Virginia. Cadets were sought from the Virginia Military Institute (VMI) to bolster the Confederate . . . Map (db m170448) HM
77Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 67 — Fort Steele
After occupying Little Rock Sept. 10, 1863, Union officials made plans to fortify the capital city. Construction began Nov. 9 on "a square redoubt which will command the city and all principal approaches". The resulting earthwork was named Fort . . . Map (db m116240) HM
78Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 1 — The Arsenal Crisis
The Civil War could have begun at this U.S. Arsenal. As other states seceded, rumors that reinforcements were heading for the Arsenal led around 1,000 militia from south and east Arkansas to demand the surrender of the garrison. On Feb. 12, 1861, . . . Map (db m116214) HM
79Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — 73 — The Camden Expedition
On March 23, 1864, Gen. Frederick Steele led a Union army south from Little Rock to join another army in Louisiana and invade Texas. After fighting at Elkins' Ferry and Prairie D'Ane, Steele's hungry army occupied Camden. Disastrous defeats at . . . Map (db m116237) HM
80Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 34 — C.S.S. Pontchartrain
The elegant steamboat Lizzie Simmons was built in 1859 and ran between Memphis and New Orleans until the Confederate Navy bought her in 1861 and converted her into a gunboat, the C.S.S. Pontchartrain. The vessel fought on the . . . Map (db m116257) HM
81Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 36 — Confederate Fortifications
Fearing a Union attack on Little Rock, Confederate Gen. Sterling Price ordered his men to fortify the high ground on the north side of the Arkansas River in the summer of 1863. A strong network of earthen works soon developed, including some in what . . . Map (db m116251) HM
82Arkansas (Pulaski County), North Little Rock — 35 — Huntersville
Arkansas's sole Civil War rail line, the Memphis and Little Rock Railroad, ran from DeValls Bluff to what is now North Little Rock. After U.S. troops occupied the capital in 1863, the Union army built warehouses, shops, and other railroad facilities . . . Map (db m116260) HM
83Arkansas (Randolph County), Pocahontas — 129 — Camp Shaver
Col. Robert G. Shaver established a camp near Pocahontas to train troops for the 7th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A., including two Randolph County companies. With 1,250 men and officers, the 7th was one of the largest regiments raised in Arkansas. They . . . Map (db m159749) HM
84Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 92 — 11th Arkansas Infantry, C.S.A.
The 11th Arkansas Infantry organized at Benton in July 1861 and Saline County men served in 6 of its 10 companies. The 11th was captured in the Island No. 10 campaign in April 1862 and spent 5 months in Union prisons, later serving in Louisiana and . . . Map (db m96586) HM
85Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 109 — George M. Holt / William Ayers Crawford
George M. Holt George M. Holt was born in Tennessee July 4, 1831, and moved to Arkansas before 1859. A doctor, he rose to brigadier general in the pre-war militia and led the 2nd Brigade, 1st Division. The Arkansas Military Board ordered . . . Map (db m170454) HM
86Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 87 — Saline County in the Civil War
Saline County held 6,640 people in 1860, including 749 slaves. Jabez M. Smith, the county’s secession convention delegate, voted to leave the Union. The Saline Guards formed in 1861 and became Co. E, 1st Arkansas Infantry (C.S.). Their captain, . . . Map (db m96592) HM
87Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — 77 — Saline County Records
As Gen. Frederick Steele’s Union army marched toward Little Rock in the summer of 1863, Saline County officials feared their records would be seized or destroyed. They met Aug. 31, 1863, and saying the Union “function is to cut up, mutilate, . . . Map (db m96593) HM
88Arkansas (Searcy County), Marshall — 12 — Arkansas Peace Society / Federal Raids on Burrowville
Arkansas Peace Society In November 1861, Confederate authorities discovered a secret Peace Society in north Arkansas whose members opposed secession. Col. Samuel Leslie called out the Searcy County militia to round up members of the group. . . . Map (db m141593) HM
89Arkansas (Searcy County), St. Joe — 13 — Skirmish at Tomahawk
On January 22, 1864, 527 Union soldiers of the First and Second Arkansas Cavalry and Eighth Missouri State Militia Cavalry (U.S.), with one mountain howitzer, fought Col. A.R. Witt's Confederates in St. Joe. The Confederates fell back after an . . . Map (db m141566) HM
90Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — 15 — Confederate [and] Union Occupation of Fort Smith
[Side A] On April 23, 1861, the U.S. garrison at Fort Smith abandoned the post as Confederate militiamen approached. Fort Smith became an important recruiting and training center for Confederate forces in west Arkansas. Troops from Fort . . . Map (db m57916) HM
91Arkansas (Sevier County), Belleville — 136 — Sevier County in the Civil War
While no fighting took place in Sevier Co. during the Civil War, local men served in Confederate units. Men gathered at Belleville Church as part of Pettus’ Battalion of State Troops, marching to Arkadelphia under Gov. Harris Flanagin’s General . . . Map (db m121145) HM
92Arkansas (Sharp County), Evening Shade — 132 — The Sharp Family and the Civil War / The Civil War in Sharp County
The Sharp Family and the Civil War Ephraim Sharp, namesake of Sharp County, and his brother William were prominent Evening Shade businessmen when the Civil War began. William served in the state legislature in 1860 and opposed Arkansas’s . . . Map (db m170472) HM
93Arkansas (St. Francis County), Madison — 88 — Madison in the Civil War
U.S. troops from Helena came through Madison many times during the Civil War. A 5th Kansas Cavalry patrol fought here twice during a March 5-12, 1863, expedition. Iowa and Indiana troops passed through in April 1863, and detachments of men from the . . . Map (db m119982) HM
94Arkansas (Union County), Mount Holly — 23 — Mount Holly Cemetery
Mount Holly Cemetery is the final resting place of 15 Confederate soldiers, including Asa S. Morgan, who in 1861 recruited the El Dorado Sentinels, which became Co. A, 1st Arkansas Infantry. Morgan later served as colonel of the 26th Arkansas . . . Map (db m121172) HM
95Arkansas (Van Buren County), Clinton — 21 — The War in Van Buren County / Troops Raised in Van Buren County
The War in Van Buren County Most of the violence that took place in Van Buren Co. during the Civil War was caused by irregular troops. Southern units were called bushwhackers; northern guerrillas were termed jayhawkers. Both sides often . . . Map (db m141577) HM
96Arkansas (White County), Bald Knob — 27 — Confederate Salt Works Destroyed
Gen. J.R. West led 3,094 U.S. cavalrymen in pursuit of 4,000 Confederate horsemen under Col. T.H. McCray and Gen. J.O. Shelby on Aug. 6, 1864. The U.S. troops rode to Austin, Stony Point, Searcy, and Augusta. On Aug. 11, troops of the 10th Illinois . . . Map (db m116192) HM
97Arkansas (White County), Gum Springs — 32 — Action at Des Arc Bayou
On July 8, 1864, a column of 221 men of the 10th Illinois Cavalry headed for Searcy to confront Gen. J.O. Shelbys Confederates, who were operating in the area. They set up camp at Des Arc Bayou on July 13. At 4:30 a.m. July 14, around 500 men under . . . Map (db m116328) HM
98Arkansas (White County), Kensett — 6 — Action At Whitney's Lane
Front One hundred Texas Rangers and 50 local men on May 19, 1862, attacked a foraging party from the 17th Missouri Infantry (U.S.), a unit composed largely of German troops, fighting near here along Whitney's Lane. Union losses were 22 . . . Map (db m116212) HM
99Arkansas (White County), Searcy — 37 — Brig. Gen. Dandridge McRae
Born in Alabama Oct. 10, 1829, Dandridge McRae moved to Arkansas in 1849. A lawyer, he recruited Confederates in 1861 and led a battalion at Wilson's Creek and a regiment at Pea Ridge. Promoted to brigadier general Nov. 5, 1862, he was the only . . . Map (db m116321) HM
100Arkansas (White County), Searcy — 39 — Searcy Landing in the Civil War / Guerrilla War on the Little Red
Searcy Landing in the Civil War Searcy Landing was a steamboat stop with cotton warehouses before the war. On May 9, 1862, Col. P.J. Osterhaus's 3rd Division of the Union Army of the Southwest built a bridge across the Little Red River, . . . Map (db m116325) HM

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Nov. 27, 2021