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“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

Historical Markers in Prince Edward Island

 
East Point Marker • <i>wide view<br>(Elmira Railway Museum in left background)</i> image, Touch for more information
By Cosmos Mariner, July 16, 2019
East Point Marker • wide view
(Elmira Railway Museum in left background)
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Elmira — East Point
English: The eastern terminus of the Confederation Trail is Elmira. It is a further nine kilometres by road to East Point, the eastern tip of land. The site is dominated by an octagonal white lighthouse built in 1867. Exceeding 19 . . . — Map (db m141202) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Elmira — ElmiraThe End of the Line / La Fin de la Ligne Ferroviaire
English: The Elmira Branch of the P.E.I. Railway opened for business on 26 October 1912, one of the last expansions of rail service in the province. The terminus at Elmira was similar to other "ends," with an engine house and . . . — Map (db m141203) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Elmira — Elmira Railway Museum / Musée ferroviaire d’Elmira
English: Elmira became the new eastern terminus of the P.E.I. Railway in 1912 when the main line was extended from Harmony. The early decades of the 1900s were the last period of expansion for the provincial railway. They were . . . — Map (db m141204) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Elmira — The Original Fog Alarm BuildingLe « Fog Alarm Building »
English: The original fog alarm building was added to the East Point Light Station in 1885 as a navigational aid. It was replaced in 1908 with a larger building at a cost of $8000.00, and remains one of the few intact fog alarm . . . — Map (db m140620) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Georgetown — Georgetown War Memorial
To the glorious memory of our native sons who paid the supreme sacrifice in the two World Wars. 1914 — 1918 Our Honoured Dead Stephen F. Cherry • John P. Dalton • Martin P. Dalton • John W. Lavers • Temple W. Macdonald, M.C. . . . — Map (db m80294) WM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Georgetown — Georgetown’s New Railway StationNouvelle gare ferroviaire de Georgetown
English: The railway and the steamship lines serving Prince Edward Island became major drivers to a new industry which became known as tourism. Realizing soon after the railway was open for service in 1875 that more and more of their . . . — Map (db m80298) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Georgetown — The Honorable Andrew Archibald (A.A.) Macdonald
English: The Honorable Andrew Archibald (A.A.) Macdonald was born February 14, 1829 in Three Rivers. He carried on the family business in Georgetown until called to serve in the Legislature. He was in Ottawa, a member of the . . . — Map (db m80295) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Georgetown — Three RiversLes trois rivières — Samkook —
English: The Three Rivers - Montague, Brudenell, and Cardigan - wind through towns, villages and communities in Kings County, draining into Cardigan Bay, known to the Mi’Kmaq people as Samkook (sandy shore). One of the first French . . . — Map (db m80296) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Greenwich — Havre Saint Pierre
Established in 1720, Havre Saint Pierre was once the largest settlement in the colony of Isle Saint Jean. On a summer day in the 1730s this was a busy place. Here - a fleet of tiny shallops, sails snapping as they set out for the . . . — Map (db m139397) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Greenwich — Mussel Power/Les moules plus d'une utilité
The bottom of the bay is like a giant compost bin. Seaweed and shellfish collect here when they die, and form a thick, black mud. The decomposing shells create high lime content, making "mussel mud” a perfect fertilizer for the . . . — Map (db m139444) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Greenwich — St. Peters
Early British settlers were more interested in farming than in fishing. By the early 1800s, a small village began to grow farther inland. Here the bay was narrow and easily crossed - first by ferry, later by bridge. St. Peters . . . — Map (db m139407) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Greenwich — The Sanderson Farm/La ferme Sanderson
It is believed that Charles Sanderson started farming here around 1820. Until the farm was sold in the early 197os, different generations of Sandersons cared for this land. Always mindful of the ever-changing sand dunes, they helped . . . — Map (db m139448) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray Harbour — Cape Bear Lighthouse / Phare de Cape Bear
English: Cape Bear is located on the Northumberland Strait side of the southeast corner of Prince Edward Island. The name survives in translation from the French period of Island history. The lighthouse was built in 1881, one of . . . — Map (db m147964) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray Harbour — Getting the Train to the Track / L’Arrivée du Train sur la Voie Ferrée
English: The normal way to build a railway is to start at one end using an engine and flatcars to deliver materials to the end-of-track. The branch built between Charlottetown and Murray Harbour between 1901 and 1904 required a . . . — Map (db m147962) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray Harbour — Murray Harbour War Memorial
In grateful tribute to the living and the dead who through their valiant efforts and bitter sacrifice have made Canada great is this shrine dedicated Killed in action or died in service War of 1914-1918 Gordon Mackay Clarence Reynolds . . . — Map (db m139450) WM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray Harbour — The “Harbour” / Le « Harbour »
English: Murray Harbour began to achieve status as an important PEI port in the late 1700s. The earliest settlers in the area sustained themselves by fishing and farming but John Cambridge, the proprietor of Lot 64, was actively . . . — Map (db m140239) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray Harbour — The Fishery at Murray Harbour / La Pêche À Murray Harbour
English: A well-protected fishing harbour lies a short distance down the South River from the end of the trail. Fishing boats are lined up on both sides of the waterway and storage sheds dominate the wharves. The quiet ripple-free . . . — Map (db m147963) HM
Prince Edward Island (Kings County), Murray River — The Murray Harbour Branch / L’Embranchement Menant À Murray Harbour
English: The original planners of the P.E.I. Railway in the early 1870s were very focused on connecting all of the major Island ports. The export of farm produce was at the heart of the economy. The railway made it easier for . . . — Map (db m147965) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Bedeque — James Colledge Pope1826-1885
English: James Colledge Pope was born in Bedeque. A successful merchant and shipbuilder, he entered political life in 1857. Premier of the Island on two previous occasions (1865-7 and 1870-2), he again assumed that office in April, 1873, and . . . — Map (db m137724) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — A Stop Along the PEI Railway RouteUn Arrêt le long de la Voie de PEI Railway — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: Being a stop along the PEI Railway route brought the possibility of prosperity. With construction about to begin, communities across the province were vying to have the tracks pass through their town or village. This . . . — Map (db m148800) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — A Woman's Work is Never DoneLe travail d’une femme n’est jamais achevé
English: The old expression “A woman's work is never done” was never more true than in the case of farm women. Farm women had many tasks. They worked to keep the farm's milk cool during the summer. This could . . . — Map (db m149996) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — A World Leader in Silver FoxesUn chef de file mondial dans l'élevage du renard argenté
English: The silver fox industry is a fascinating era in Island farming history. By the turn of the century, P.E.I. had gained attention as the world leader in this rare commodity. Robert Humphrey, of Kensington, was one of the . . . — Map (db m150000) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Built in 1960 by Montreal Locomotive WorksConstruite en 1960 par Montreal Locomotive Works — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: Built in 1960 by Montreal Locomotive Works… …Engine 1762 was first put into service as Engine 3859 at the Montreal Yard Diesel Shop. When Canadian National began changing its entire line to diesel, the engine was . . . — Map (db m148806) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Business and AgricultureCommerce et agriculture
English: With new amenities that allowed farmers to heighten production, and rising market demand, the local farming sector responded by developing a wide range of new institutions and organizations. Canada Packers opened a branch . . . — Map (db m149993) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Challenges in Store for the PEI RailwayDéfis Attendaient la PEI Railway — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: With its debt in hand, there were other challenges in store for the PEI Railway. The Island's soil is excellent for farming, but makes a poor foundation for train tracks. Millions of tons of mainland gravel were . . . — Map (db m148801) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Engine 1762 relocated to KensingtonLocomotive 1762 déplacée à Kensington — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: On 16 November, 1990, Engine 1762 was relocated to Kensington… …where it stands today as an icon of PEI's Age of Rail. A payloader pushed the 125-ton engine along the tracks as far as New Annan where the rails had been . . . — Map (db m148808) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Farming Groups in KensingtonCercles agricoles à Kensington
English: Farming families were not only concerned with their own back forty: they also established many organizations promoting the well-being of the entire community. Farm organizations did much, for instance, to promote . . . — Map (db m150001) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Joining the ConfederationEntrer dans la Confédération — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: Joining the Confederation was as much a financial consideration… …for PEI as it was a matter of national pride. The fact was that the railway was only a little more than half finished when the money borrowed to build . . . — Map (db m148802) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Kensington Station / Gare de Kensington
English: In 1871 the Colony of Prince Edward Island embarked upon the construction of a circuitous 147-mile railway covering the 120-mile distance between Georgetown and Alberton. The high cost of building the line added . . . — Map (db m139700) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Original Meaning of HorsepowerLe sens original de cheval-vapeur
English: Successful farming meant owning healthy, hard-working livestock. Cattle, pigs, and chickens not only produced the milk, meat, and eggs for the family, but also provided a source of steady income. At one time, horsepower had . . . — Map (db m149999) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Potato Farming Between the Tree StumpsL'exploitation de pommes de terre entre les souches d'arbre
English: With its rich soil, Prince Edward Island is tailor-made for the cultivation of potatoes. Early settlers planted potatoes because they would grow on the newly-cleared land, thriving even when planted amongst the tree stumps. . . . — Map (db m149998) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Preserving Locomotive 1762Préserver la locomotive 1762 — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: With rail service a thing of the past, Summerside resident Lowell Huestis… …set about preserving mementos. Aided by the Summerside Chamber of Commerce, he arranged to have Engine 1762 moved from the Summerside . . . — Map (db m148807) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — The Age of Steam Becomes the Age of DieselL’âge de la vapeur devient l’âge du diesel — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: By 1950, The Age of Steam was about to become The Age of Diesel. Steam engines burned coal to heat water, creating pressurized steam to drive the pistons. Crew members called Firemen performed the dangerous job of . . . — Map (db m148804) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — The Early Days of Farm EquipmentLes premiers balbutiements due matériel agricole
English: For early farmers, insect control was not a complicated process. The first widely used pesticide, Paris Green, battled the Colorado Potato Beetle, and had to be applied to the potato plants manually. A sprayer was developed . . . — Map (db m149994) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — The Efficiency of Mixed FarmingL’efficacité de l’agriculture mixte
English: Most Island family farms practiced “mixed farming.” Rather than specializing in one agricultural sector early farms kept a variety of animals and planted many different crops. These small farms were remarkably . . . — Map (db m149997) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — The PEI Railway Began Operation on 25 May, 1875La PEI Railway est Entrée en Opération le 25 mai 1875 — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: Despite its challenges, the PEI Railway began operation on 25 May, 1875… …and Kensington Station was a major stop and switchyard. Before plans for the PEIR had been announced, Kensington had been little more than a . . . — Map (db m148803) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — The Seven Year RotationLa rotation de sept ans
English: Farmers have almost always practiced crop rotation to preserve the soil. Potatoes absorb more nutrients than crops such as hay or grain. To prevent the land from becoming depleted, the farmer rotates the crop making certain . . . — Map (db m149995) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kensington — Unique Architecture and Cultural SignificanceArchitecture unique et signification culturelle — Kensington PEI Rail Depot —
English: Recognized for its unique architecture and cultural significance… …Kensington Station was designated a National Historic Site in 1978. During a federal government survey in 1873, the original structure was found to be . . . — Map (db m148809) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kinkora — Agriculture in Kinkora / L’agriculture à Kinkora
English: The first settlers in Kinkora were farmers. The community that developed has depended upon agriculture ever since. After the Dominion Government launched a dairy initiative in 1891, Kinkora responded and in 1900 opened a . . . — Map (db m141171) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Kinkora — Kinkora
English: The poetry of Ireland is immediately evident in a name that explains much about the community in and around the village. Building the Anderson Road in 1832 opened up the district for farming. Irish families, experienced . . . — Map (db m141170) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — La Convention nationale des Acadiens de 1884The National Acadian Convention of 1884
Français: Du 13 au 15 août 1884, Miscouche est la scène de la deuxième Convention nationale des Acadiens. Quelque 150 délégués officiels des trois provinces Maritimes se réunissent pour poursuivre les discussions entamées en 1881 . . . — Map (db m142398) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — La Fanfare de MiscoucheThe Miscouche Band
Français: Fondée en 1889 par le curé de la paroisse, la Fanfare de Miscouche constitue une institution culturelle importante pour la communauté. Elle porte d'abord le nom Heckman Band en l'honneur du dentiste local qui fit un don . . . — Map (db m142400) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — La fondation de MiscoucheThe Founding of Miscouche
Français: Vers 1808, des familles écossaises catholiques, les Steele, McNeil et Gillis, sont les premières à s'établir dans l'emplacement actuel de Miscouche. En 1816, un groupe de familles acadiennes, qui habite la baie de . . . — Map (db m142394) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — Le Couvent Saint-Joseph et les religieuses de la Congrégation de Notre-DameSaint Joseph's Convent and the Sisters of the Congregation of Notre Dame
Français: Le Couvent Saint-Joseph a la particularité d'avoir été le premier couvent-école dans une paroisse acadienne à l'Île-du-Prince-Édouard et au Nouveau-Brunswick. Ouvert en 1864, et agrandi en 1922, il est placé sous la . . . — Map (db m142399) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — L'économieThe Economy
Français: En 1890, la paroisse de Miscouche compte 683 Acadiens francophones et 137 anglophones, principalement d'origine écossaise. La majorité des paroissiens vivent sur la ferme, bien que les activités économiques sont assez . . . — Map (db m142396) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — L'Église Saint-Jean-BaptisteSaint John the Baptist Church
Français: La première église paroissiale a été construite en 1819. L'église actuelle, la troisième, a été érigée en 1891-92 selon les plans de l'architecte insulaire George Edwin Baker, pendant la cure du père John A. MacDonald. . . . — Map (db m142397) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — Les Acadiens de la baie de MalpèqueThe Acadians of Malpeque Bay
Français: Le premier établissement acadien sur les rives de la baie de Malpèque remonte à 1728. Il était situé du côté ouest là où se trouve aujourd’hui la région de Port Hill. En 1752, cette communauté agricole comptait 32 . . . — Map (db m142401) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — Les Dix Conventions Nationales AcadiennesThe Ten Acadian National Conventions
Français: De 1881 à 1937, les conventions ont favorisé l’éveil du sentiment national et l’affirmation du peuple acadien. Organisées par la Société nationale de l'Assomption, elles ont joué un rôle important dans la sauvegarde du . . . — Map (db m140000) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Miscouche — L'évolution du village de MiscoucheThe Evolution of the Village of Miscouche
Français: La Base militaire de Summerside a eu un impact important sur la vie socio-économique de Miscouche pendant les 50 années de son existence (1941-1991). De nombreux paroissiens y ont trouvé de l'emploi et la communauté . . . — Map (db m142395) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Summerside — Former Summerside Post Office / L'Ancien Bureau de Poste de Summerside
English: This structure, built 1883-1886, was designed under the direction of Thomas Fuller who served as Chief Architect of the Department of Public Works from 1881 to 1896. This basic design with a double entrance, steep roof, . . . — Map (db m139466) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Summerside — Georgina Fane Pope1862-1938
English: Born in Charlottetown, Georgina Pope chose nursing as a career. After training and working in the United States, she was selected in 1899 to superintend Canada’s military nurses in the South African War. She was the first . . . — Map (db m139478) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Summerside — Salute to the Prince Edward Island Railway
The Prince Edward Island Railway began operating in 1875. Its establishment was accomplished largely through the efforts of two Summerside brothers, James Colledge Pope, who was Premier when the Railway Bill was passed in 1871, and William Henry . . . — Map (db m141019) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Summerside — The Railway Station
The Prince Edward Island Railway was established in 1871. By 1874 there were 70 stations across the Island, including an open-ended "Terminal" Station about a mile north of the Summerside harbour. A track ran down to the waterfront where the . . . — Map (db m141017) HM
Prince Edward Island (Prince County), Summerside — The Summerside Armoury
The Summerside Armoury has been a landmark on Summer Street since 1911. An Armoury is a military structure where arms, ammunition and military equipment are stored. It serves as the headquarters for a militia, a volunteer army made up of local . . . — Map (db m139479) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Belfast — A Lighthouse is Born / La Naissance du Phare
English: Despite its initial success, the Prince Edward Island Steam Navigation Company and its vessel, the St. George, ran into difficulties. Even with investments from New Brunswick and Nova Scotia, steamboats were . . . — Map (db m140249) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Belfast — Point Prim Lighthouse / Le Phare de Point PrimA Lighthouse to Call Our Own / Un Phare Bien à Nous
English: Prince Edward Island's contribution to Nova Scotia's lighthouses inspired the question: What about building a lighthouse here? Petitions for lighthouses began to appear before government by the late 1830s. Concerned . . . — Map (db m140246) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Belfast — Reliable Communication / Des Communications FiablesSamuel Cunard, Mail Delivery / Samuel Cunard, la Livraison de la Poste — Prince Edward Island Steam Navigation Company —
English: At the same time that the Island was grappling with the issue of lighthouses, it found itself dealing with an issue of a different sort: Mail delivery. Mail delivery was very important, representing the Island's . . . — Map (db m140247) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Belfast — The 1864 Charlottetown Conference / La Conférence de Charlottetown de 1864Lighting the Way / Un Feu qui Nous Guide
English: Late in the summer of 1864, two events descended upon the city of Charlottetown. One was a circus; the other, a political conference. Of the two, it was the circus that captured the attention of Islanders. But it was the . . . — Map (db m140250) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Belfast — The Early Years / Les Premières Années
English: Imagine being aboard a ship on a dark, stormy night. The wind is howling fiercely, pushing large waves over the sides of your vessel. You are at the mercy of the elements. Picture a lack of navigational aids, creating a . . . — Map (db m140245) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Canoe Cove — Canoe Cove School
The School For more than a century the Canoe Cove School provided state-of-the-art education to students grades one through ten. This sturdy heritage building launched the successful careers of doctors, lawyers, nurses, teachers, . . . — Map (db m139457) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Cavendish — Cavendish Dunelands Trail/Cavendish Sentier DunelandsHistory of the Cavendish Area/Histoire de la région de Cavendish.
History of the Cavendish Area. There is archaeological evidence that ancestors of the present-day Mi’kmaq lived on the shores of nearby New London Bay. It is very likely these early Islanders would have travelled here to hunt, . . . — Map (db m139369) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Cavendish — Cavendish Dunelands Trail/Cavendish Sentier DunelandsWreck of the Marco Polo/L'épave du Marco Polo
25 July, 1883. Thanks to a weekend of violent storms there is a heavy sea running. A few farmers watch with astonishment as a magnificent sailing vessel, driven by a mountain of canvas, slams onto the Cavendish sandbars. The air iš alive . . . — Map (db m139391) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Cavendish — Cavendish Dunelands Trail/Cavendish Sentier DunelandsSea Stories/Légendes de la mer
Sea Stories From the first peoples through modern times, the fishery has been vital to the people living along this shore. As Lucy Maud Montgomery remembered: Many of the farmers had a fishing house on the shore field of their . . . — Map (db m139429) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Cavendish — Cavendish Dunelands Trail/Cavendish Sentier DunelandsCavendish and Tourism/Cavendish et le tourisme
Toward the end of the 1800s, Prince Edward Island became known as an excellent vacation spot. Its clean air, rural landscapes and beautiful beaches were offered to travellers made weary by the stress of urban life. By the 1920s, thanks . . . — Map (db m139431) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Cavendish — Lucy Maud Montgomery(1874 - 1942)
English: Internationally renowned author, Lucy Maud Montgomery was born in New London, Prince Edward Island. After her mother's death in 1876, she lived with her maternal grandparents in Cavendish until 1911, when she married and moved to . . . — Map (db m80283) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A BIG Year / Une année CRUCIALE
English: 1864 was an important year in Charlottetown. The Charlottetown Conference, held in September, gave delegates from Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island and the colony of Canada one week to meet, share ideas, . . . — Map (db m141114) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Centre for the ArtsUn centre des arts
English: The Confederation Centre of the Arts was officially opened by Queen Elizabeth II on October 6, 1964 as a living memorial to the Fathers of Confederation. Located beside Province House in Queen Square, it was designed by the . . . — Map (db m149912) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Dutiful Citizen / Un citoyen consciencieux
English: This cannon fell off a cliff near Fort Amherst and landed in Charlottetown Harbour. Pulled from the water by Theophilus DesBrisay, it was brought into town and placed in the ground outside his family's drug store, . . . — Map (db m149597) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Neoclassical Design / Un style néoclassique
English: A Neoclassical Design Have you ever noticed that the building's design, including features such as columns and windows, is pleasingly symmetrical? This is one of the features that make Province House a fine example of . . . — Map (db m137659) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A River of ImportanceUne rivière d’importance
English: "From the beginning, the river drew people to settle its banks and use its waters to reach the settlements..." The Hillsborough River, Elsitkuk as the Mi'kmaq would say, is the Island's largest river. It runs east . . . — Map (db m149601) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — A Wet Warehouse in a Dry City / La sobriété avant tout
English: The Bonded Warehouse across the street was often at the centre of one of Charlottetown's most controversial issues: prohibition. In 1901 Prince Edward Island was the first Canadian province to make it illegal to possess, . . . — Map (db m149598) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — All Souls’ Chapel
English: This 1888 chapel, designed by William Critchlow Harris, Jr., is a masterful example of High Victorian Gothic Revival architecture in Canada. Its robust design is distinguished by rough textures in rust-red Prince Edward Island . . . — Map (db m80226) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Andrew Archibald Macdonald1829 - 1912
English: Born at Three Rivers, Brudenell Point, Macdonald, a merchant and shipbuilder, served as a member of the Legislative Assembly (1853-58) and of the Legislative Council (1867-72). He attended the Charlottetown and Quebec Conferences . . . — Map (db m80271) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Andrew's Millpond
In 1786 John Cambridge purchased approximately 300 acres along Wright's Creek, which was then called Bird Island Creek. Around 1800 he built a 22 foot-high mill dam at the head of tide on the creek, and went on to build a saw mill, grist mill and . . . — Map (db m140303) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Apothecaries Hall
English: On December 24, 1810, Thomas Desbrisay Jr. opened an apothecary shop on this site to supply drugs and medicine to the people of Prince Edward Island. Until then, many Islanders relied more on home remedies or obtained medicines . . . — Map (db m80262) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Beaconsfield Historic House / Maison historique Beaconsfield
English: Built in 1877 for James and Edith Peake, Beaconsfield was one of Prince Edward Island's most elegant homes. Featuring the finest in materials and craftsmanship, it was also equipped with all the latest conveniences of the . . . — Map (db m149595) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Beginnings of a SettlementLes débuts de la colonization
English: Across Charlottetown Harbour on the west side was the home base for the Acadians in the early years of the 1700's. It was called Port-la-Joye and Fort Amherst by the English. The Mi'kmaq called it Skma qan which . . . — Map (db m149600) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Big Donald
This bell was affectionately known as “Big Donald” honouring Fire Chief Donald MacKinnon 1875-1879. Cast in 1875 by William Blake & Co., formerly H.W. Hooper & Co., Boston, Mass. Cracked and recast in 1877 Cracked and recast in 1884 . . . — Map (db m149596) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Birthplace of ConfederationLe Berceau de la Confédération
English: Even though it was the capital of Canada's smallest province, it took almost 100 years before Charlottetown became of strong historical importance. On August 31, 1864 the delegates began arriving for what is now referred to . . . — Map (db m149905) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Canadian National HotelsRodd Hotels & Resorts
This marker is composed of two plaques on either side of the entrance. In 1930, the Canadian National Railway (CNR) decided to build a hotel in Charlottetown, Railway hotels were the standard of comfort and service, but the new Canadian . . . — Map (db m80227) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Carvell Building
named for the Carvell family who operated a wholesale business on this site during the mid 1800s — Map (db m80202) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — CharlottetownPrince Edward Island
Samuel Holland Report Sept 14, 1767 The Capital is to be called Charlotte Town is proposed to be built on a point of the harbor of Port Joy, betwixt York and Hillsborough Rivers, as being one of the best, and nearly central Parts of the . . . — Map (db m80229) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Charlottetown City HallHotel de ville de Charlottetown
English: Built in 1888, the Charlottetown City Hall is the oldest municipal hall in Prince Edward Island. Designed by Phillips and Chappell in the Romanesque Revival style often favoured for 19th-century civic buildings, it originally . . . — Map (db m80230) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Choices For Higher EducationLes choix d’éducation supérieur
English: Charlottetown is the home of two important educational institutions. The University of Prince Edward Island was established in April 1969. It resulted from a merger of two institutions: Prince of Wales College that began as . . . — Map (db m149899) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Colonel John Hamilton Gray1811 - 1887
English: Born in Charlottetown, a Father of Confederation, Gray served in the Imperial cavalry (1831-52) before entering politics. Elected in 1858 to represent Queen's County, he served as Premier of the province (1863-65) and played a . . . — Map (db m80269) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Confederation Centre of the ArtsCentre de Arts de la Confédération
English: Opened by Her Majesty the Queen in 1964 as Canada's National Memorial to the Fathers of Confederation, the Centre is an outstanding example of an institution dedicated to the arts. The extensive cultural complex includes a . . . — Map (db m80264) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Dundas Terrace
English: This apartment building, completed in 1890, is a handsome example of the Queen Anne Revival in Canada. Admired for its picturesque qualities, this style was popular in Canadian domestic architecture from the 1880s to the 1910s. As . . . — Map (db m80207) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Edward Palmer1809 - 1889
English: Born in Charlottetown and called to the bar in 1831, Palmer was a member of the legislature (1835-60), and of the Legislative Council (1860-73). Between 1848 and 1873 he held several cabinet posts, including that of President of . . . — Map (db m80270) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Edward Whelan1824 - 1867
English: Born in Ireland, Whelan immigrated to Halifax c. 1836 and became a protégé of Joseph Howe. As a journalist in Charlottetown be published the short- lived Palladium in 1845, became editor of the Morning News in 1846, . . . — Map (db m80266) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — George Coles1810 - 1875
English: A native Prince Edward Islander, Coles, first elected in 1842, represented the constituency of Queen's in the House of Assembly of the Island until his retirement because of ill health in 1868. Co-founder, with Edward Whelan, of . . . — Map (db m80273) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Great George Street Historic DistrictL’arrondissement Historique de la rue Great George
English: Great George Street is richly evocative of both its 18th-century origins and its subsequent development as one of Charlottetown's principal streets. Clearly focused to Province House, the seat of Island government and the . . . — Map (db m80200) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Heralded Arrival… of the CircusL’arrivée tant attendue… du cirque
English: When a large steamer anchored in Charlottetown Harbour in 1864, few took notice of it or the politicians aboard. Charlottetown was preoccupied with another visitor to its little town: the circus. Drawing huge crowds and filling . . . — Map (db m80199) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Hillsborough BridgeCharlottetown, Prince Edward Island
The first Hillsborough Bridge was constructed as a railway link to the southeastern part of the Island, although it was also a carriage bridge, too. The steel structure consisted of 12 spans. To facilitate river traffic it had a swing span over the . . . — Map (db m80184) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Impulsive Ambush / Une attaque impulsive
English: In 1775, privateers from the American Colonies launched their first attack on foreign soil. Disobeying the orders of General George Washington, these respected Captains descended on an unsuspecting, unarmed Charlotte Town. . . . — Map (db m149599) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Keeping the City GreenUne ville verte
English: Charlottetown has been working on its beautification for well over 150 years. On Arbor Day May 24, 1884 more than 300 trees were planted in the squares and along the streets. The tradition continues. Our trees are . . . — Map (db m149902) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Making History in 1864L'histoire en marche en 1864
English: The Colonial Building, now known as Province House, is in the middle of Queen Square. It was the prime location for the meetings of the Fathers of Confederation in 1864. The building was officially opened on January 26, . . . — Map (db m149910) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Open Green Spaces in the CityLes espaces verts au cœur de la ville
English: Victoria Park, at the west end of the city, was vested by the Crown to the City of Charlottetown in 1873. The 40 acres of land presents a gentle place protected by a special Act that declares the park "for the sole purpose . . . — Map (db m149901) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Paardeberg
Side A: Roland Taylor • Alfred Riggs Feb. 18th • Feb. 27th 1900 Side B: To the men of the Royal Canadian Regiment who by their valour and efficiency have made manifest to the world Canada’s . . . — Map (db m80281) WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Peake House
named for James Peake, a prominent shipbuilder and merchant who lived in this building during the mid 1800s — Map (db m80204) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Predominantly a Wooden TownUne ville surtout faite de bois
English: Architecturally speaking, Charlottetown is predominately a wooden town with buildings dating back to the early 1800's. When you see a brick building you can be pretty sure it was built after the Great Fire of 1866 that . . . — Map (db m149909) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Preserving Our HistoryLa sauvegarde de notre histoire
English: In 2015, the celebration marking, Charlottetown's 250 years on its chosen site provides an excellent opportunity for Charlottetown to ponder its past and its future. As a home to many new Canadians, the responsibility to . . . — Map (db m149903) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Prince Edward Island War Memorial
Side A Erected by the Citizens of Charlottetown in memory of those from Prince Edward Island who gloriously laid down their lives in the Great War in honour forevermore of all who served therein 1914 - 1918 1939 - 1945 . . . — Map (db m80280) WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Province House
English Completed in 1847, this neo-classical building was designed and built by local architect Isaac Smith to accommodate the provincial legislature and administrative offices. It also housed the Island's Supreme Court until 1872. . . . — Map (db m80282) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Provincial GovernanceLa gouvernance provinciale
English: The Provincial Government has its administrative headquarters in the west end of the city, their Court House on the waterfront and the offices for official political parties are housed in the Coles Building on Queen Square. . . . — Map (db m149911) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Railway Brass ShopAtelier de cuivre du chemin de fer
English: Built in 1876, this Island sandstone building was originally the office of the mechanical branch of the Prince Edward Island Railway. Later, it became the brass shop where brass parts required by the railway were fabricated. The . . . — Map (db m80182) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Railway Car ShopAtelier des wagons du chemin de fer
English: On November 30, 1905 fire destroyed several of the wooden manufacturing shops at the Charlottetown rail yard. To reduce the risk of future fires, it was decided to rebuild the shops in brick. E.A. Wallberg of Montreal was the . . . — Map (db m80181) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sherman M4A2 Medium Battle Tank
294 Sherman tanks were purchased by Canada after World War II and used by the Canadian Army (both Regular and Reserve) from 1946-1972. This is a late production model of the orignal Sherman tank introduced in 1943 that incorporated many . . . — Map (db m80224) HM WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Sir Louis Henry Davis1845-1924
Born in Charlottetown, Davies studied law at the Inner Temple and was admitted to the bar in 1867. A member of the Legislative Assembly (1872-9) and Premier for the last three years of that period, he defended the rights of tenant farmers while . . . — Map (db m80206) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Site of a Historic PhotoLe site d'une photo historique
English: Government House, at the west end of the city was built in 1834. It is a gracious house and still serves as the official residence of the Island's Lieutenant Governor. Their Honours host many events to which the public is . . . — Map (db m149913) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Survey of the Gulf and River St. LawrenceL’hydrographie du Golfe de du Fleuves Saint-Laurent
English: Between 1827 and 1856 the first complete hydrographic survey of the Gulf and River St. Lawrence was carried out by Captain Henry W. Bayfield and his assistants. From the time of Cartier, French and British navigators ad surveyed . . . — Map (db m80198) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Charlottetown Hospital (1879-1982)
This memorial marks the location of The Charlottetown Hospital (1879-1982) The Charlottetown Hospital School of Nursing (1920-1971) and The School of X-ray Technology (1953-1971) The hospital, founded by Bishop Peter McIntyre and The Sisters of . . . — Map (db m149594) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The City of CharlottetownLa ville de Charlottetown
English: The City of Charlottetown was incorporated in April 1855. The present boundaries of the city are a result of an amalgamation of six surrounding communities in 1995. The City is governed by a mayor and 10 councilors. Its . . . — Map (db m149908) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Gainsford Housec. 1833
This double tenement, built by John and Elizabeth Gainsford, became a landmark in a city largely built of wood. It is Charlottetown’s oldest surviving brick building. For many years the east side was the home of John Iags, editor of “The . . . — Map (db m104833) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Hillsborough RiverLa rivière Hillsborough — Mimtuka’q Sipu —
English: The Hillsborough River watershed, totaling over 350 square kilometres, is the largest river system in Prince Edward Island. As a river highway, it provides a direct link to our rich human heritage, from the Mi’Kmaq who depended on . . . — Map (db m80187) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Historic Port of CharlottetownLe port historique de Charlottetown
English: The Port of Charlottetown has a history of wooden shipbuilding, local ferry wharves and shipping connections with the world. Family connections with the Westcountry of England made it a prime destination. Shipbuilders, . . . — Map (db m149906) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Lay of the TownLa fondation de le ville
English: In 1768 Charles Morris, a Halifax Surveyor, was directed to lay out the town under the directions of the Board of Trade and Plantations in London. Later the Island's first British Governor, Walter Patterson, through his . . . — Map (db m149900) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Once Great Island RailroadUn chemin de fer jadis florissant
English: The railway played a major role in shaping Canada and it played an important role in the development of Prince Edward Island. The sod was turned for the PEI Railway on October 5, 1871 just north east of where you are . . . — Map (db m149897) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — The Site of CharlottetownLe Site de Charlottetown
English: The site of Charlottetown was chosen by Surveyor General Samuel Holland on his survey of St. John's Island. Now called Prince Edward Island, it was once called Epekwitk, which means "lying on the water", by the . . . — Map (db m149904) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Thomas Heath Haviland1822 - 1895
English: Born in Charlottetown, Haviland was called to the Prince Edward Island bar in 1846. He represented Georgetown in the legislature (1847-70), serving successively as Colonial Secretary, as Speaker, and as Solicitor-Genera1. As a . . . — Map (db m80268) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Threaded Together with Iron and SteelRéunis par le fer et l’acier
English: The Prince Edward Island Railway brought Islanders together, put them to work, and even made them Canadians. Before the Railway was built on Prince Edward Island you could live within ten miles of another village and hardly . . . — Map (db m80185) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — Transportation from Tip-to-TipLe transport d’une pointe à l’autre
English: The Railway Station stands not far from where you now stand. The air was once full of steam, the sound of train whistles and shunting rail cars. It was a busy place with the Western train, the Eastern train and the Murray . . . — Map (db m149898) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Charlottetown — William Henry Pope1825 - 1879
English: Born at Bedeque, Prince Edward Island, Pope was admitted to the bar in 1847, became Colonial Secretary in 1859, was elected to the Legislative Assembly representing Queen's County in 1863 and continued to serve in the Assembly . . . — Map (db m80272) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), New London — Lucy Maud Montgomery Birthplace
Lucy Maud Montgomery, daughter of Hugh John Montgomery and Clara Woolner MacNeill, was born in this house on November 30, 1874. — Map (db m138186) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), North Rustico — North Rustico War Memorial
Dedicated to the men and women of this community who served their country in World War 1, World War II, and the Korean War and in grateful tribute to those who made the supreme sacrifice. W.W. II W.O. II Fredrick L. Bulman Pte. . . . — Map (db m139243) WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — Port-la-Joye – Fort Amherst
English: From 1720 to 1768 this site was an important colonial base, first for France and later Great Britain. One of the first permanent French settlements on the island, Port-la-Joye served as the seat of colonial government for . . . — Map (db m139447) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — Survey of Prince Edward Island / Arpentage de Ľîle-du-Prince-Édouard
English: In 1764 the British government decided to undertake a systematic survey of its North American territory, recently enlarged in the war with France. For this purpose Captain Samuel Holland was put in charge of the northern . . . — Map (db m139436) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — The Deportation of the Inhabitants of Île Saint-JeanLa Déportation Des Habitants de L’île Saint-Jean
English: Undertaken here in 1758, this expulsion was one of the largest and the deadliest of the Acadian deportations that took place between 1755 and 1762. As part of a strategy to dismantle the French colony of Île Saint-Jean . . . — Map (db m139446) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Rocky Point — The Grand DérangementÎle Saint-Jean
English: The Grand Dérangement L’Acadie, established by France in 1604, was a strategically located and highly coveted colony. In 1713, it was handed over to England and renamed Nova Scotia. The foundation of Halifax, in 1749, . . . — Map (db m80437) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Springbrook — Rev. John Geddie D.D.1815-1872
Minister of Cavendish and New London Churches 1838 - 1845. First missionary sent out to any foreign field by the Presbyterian Church in Canada — Map (db m140157) HM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Springbrook — Springbrook First World War Memorial
Built of a people’s love to the memory of our glorious dead Pte Archibald Campbell, 6th Can. M. Rifles. Apr. 12, 1898-June 2 1916 Killed in action in France Gr. Arthur P. Johnstone, 2nd Can. Siege Batty. June 10, . . . — Map (db m140108) WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Springbrook — Springbrook World War II Memorial
Dedicated To The Memory Of Our Youth Who Served In World War II Sgt. Elmer S. Macleod 1915 - 1944 Killed In Italy W.O.2 Allison F.W. Macleod 1920 – 1943 Missing In Malta Pte. W. Wallace Bernard 1904 -1945 Died . . . — Map (db m140158) WM
Prince Edward Island (Queens County), Wood Islands — The Wood Islands Family of Lighthouses
The three buildings on this site represent a "family” and all were once navigational aids. The lighthouse beacon is still maintained by the Canadian Coast Guard as part of the marine communication system used by ship traffic in the . . . — Map (db m138223) HM

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May. 27, 2020