“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”
“Bite-Size Bits of Local, National, and Global History”

Native Americans Historical Markers

The French Period Marker in foreground looking east towards Old Post Road. image, Touch for more information
By Mark Hilton, August 26, 2017
The French Period Marker in foreground looking east towards Old Post Road.
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The French Period
The Regent of France authorized a settlement at the Post of Arkansas in 1722. These early settlers were on good terms with the Quapaw Indians who "exhibited a great spirit of friendliness and hospitality toward the French". Cotton was introduced in . . . — Map (db m108648) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The Post of Arkansas
Here on the Grand Prairie you tread on soil laid down over the centuries as the mighty Mississippi and Arkansas Rivers brought down their precious cargoes of silt from the northern uplands. The footprints of many were pressed into this . . . — Map (db m108486) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post — The Post under Spain
In 1763 the Post of Arkansas became Spanish territory when, by the Treaty of Paris, the French King ceded Louisiana to Spain. For several years after the transfer, French officers and soldiers remained at Arkansas Post. In 1771 the first . . . — Map (db m108551) HM
Arkansas (Arkansas County), Arkansas Post National Memorial — First Post of Arkansas — 1686 — 1700 — The French Settlement of Henri de Tonti
Spanish Explorer Hernan de Soto passed this way in 1542. Nearly 130 years later Father Marquette, the French missionary and explorer, reached the nearby mouth of the Arkansas. In 1682 Robert Cavelier, Sieur de la Salle, claimed this territory for . . . — Map (db m108407) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Avoca — Sesquicentennial Trail of the Centuries — Benton County Arkansas Sesquicentennial Monument 1836 - 1986 — Arkansas Sesquicentennial 1836 - 1986 —
800 AD • Trace of the Rock People 1808 • Osage Boundary 1815 • Lawrence County 1827-28 • Lovely County 1838 • Trail of Tears 1840 • Trott's Stand 1858 • Old Wire Road 1858-61 • Butterfield Stage Route 1861 • Troop Trails 1862 • . . . — Map (db m62485) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Bella Vista — Lewis & Clark Expedition

The Lewis & Clark Expedition was accomplished by Captain Meriwether Lewis, Captain William Clark, and their fellow explorers, and was the visionary journey of President Thomas Jefferson. The journey was to become one of America’s greatest . . . — Map (db m91477) HM

Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Pea Ridge and the Trail of Tears — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Decr 23rd 1837, Buried Rainfrogs daughter. Marched at 8 o'c A.M. halted at Reddix, 3 o'c. P.M. encamped and issued corn & fodder & beef, 16 miles today. -B.B. Cannon, Detachment Leader Not Far to Go Here, members of William . . . — Map (db m21085) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — They Passed This Way — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Long time we travel on way to new land.... Womens cry... Children cry and men cry...but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much." -Recollection of a survivor of the Trail of . . . — Map (db m35436) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Garfield — Two Armies Collide
Imagine 7,000 Confederate troops crowded in close order along Ford Road, the lane you see on the right edge of this field. As they trudged east toward Elkhorn Tavern, a small Union force of Iowa cavalrymen - only 600 men - unexpectedly appeared from . . . — Map (db m37755) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Maysville — The Battle of Maysville
Occurred on Oct. 22, 1862. While Gen. James G. Blunt was encamped on the old Pea Ridge battlefield, word came that Gen. Douglas H. Cooper and Col. Stand Watie's Indian regiment were at old Fort Wayne across the line from Maysville. On Oct. 20 he . . . — Map (db m52281) HM
Arkansas (Benton County), Rogers — Cross Hollows
This site was donated to the Benton County Historical Society by Scarlett Biggs Wilson and Lara Wilson Rosenblum in honor of their parents/grandparents, Guy and Nell Biggs, early pioneers of the Cross Hollows area. Cross Hollows is recognized for . . . — Map (db m68789) HM
Arkansas (Boone County), Harrison — The Mountain Meadows Massacre
In memory of 140 men, women and children N.W. Arkansas emigrants to California. In 1857 under leadership of Alexander Fancher (Piney Alex) left from Caravan Spring 4 miles south of here around May 1st - Camped at Mountain Meadows, Utah in early . . . — Map (db m143889) HM
Arkansas (Carroll County), Eureka Springs — Crescent Spring and Trail

Crescent Spring was revered for its healing waters almost as much as the basin, the legendary Indian Healing Spring. Situated beside the Wagon Road on a hillside with a rocky outcropping described as "crescent" shaped, the spring was soon given . . . — Map (db m80135) HM

Arkansas (Columbia County), Lamartine — C-27 — Columbia County Lamartine Pioneer Settlement
One of the oldest settlements in Columbia County. Here Colonel John Dockery had his plantation and home. Here T.P. Dockery, who became a general in the War Between the States, was born and reared. The Caddo Indian Trail from Camden on the Ouachita . . . — Map (db m121136) HM
Arkansas (Crawford County), Van Buren — Overlooking His Domain
From the front of his home, John Drennen could overlook the bustling port town of Van Buren, including the wharf originally known as Phillips Landing. Until after the Civil War, the Arkansas River and the steamboats that plied its . . . — Map (db m120427) HM
Arkansas (Crittenden County), Marion — Military Road
First Highway constructed in Arkansas, Hopefield to Little Rock, extended to Fort Smith and into Indian Territory, (Oklahoma). Built by the United States under supervision of the Quartermasters Department of the United States Army. Survey was . . . — Map (db m116549) HM
Arkansas (Cross County), Parkin — Mississippian Garden — Parkin Archaeological State Park —
The legacy of the Mississippian culture lives forever through the Three Sisters Garden, like the one you see planted here. The American Indians who lived here over 500 years ago were expert farmers whose most important crops were corn, beans, . . . — Map (db m116605) HM
Arkansas (Cross County), Wynne — The Trail of Tears along the Memphis to Little Rock Road — 1824-1840
Down the trail from where you are standing is the most well-preserved remaining section of the historic Trail of Tears in Arkansas. Tradition and heritage run deep jn the collective souls of the Five Southeastern Tribes (Choctaw, Chickasaw, . . . — Map (db m142034) HM
Arkansas (Desha County), Dumas — Arkansas Indians
The Arkansas Indians (the down stream people), a branch of the Quapaw tribe, lived in Desha County. Their presence was first recorded by Marquette and Joliet, French explorers, in 1673. They were known as les Beaux Hommes. La Salle while . . . — Map (db m107809) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — "Trail of Tears"
After Congress passed the Indian Removal Act, May 28, 1830, the Government forceably relocated about 60,000 Indians from the southeastern U.S. to what is now Oklahoma. This included the five (5) civilized tribes Cherokee, Chickasaw, Creek, Choctaw, . . . — Map (db m97912) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — Cadron Blockhouse
The blockhouse is a replica of a structure that was built on this site in the late 18th century. The building was a multiple use structure, but constructed originally for defense purposes. It was used as a trading post, as a residence, and as a . . . — Map (db m96645) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — Cherokee Memorial
Following is a partial list of persons who died and were buried at Cadron. They perished from cholera while being relocated by the Army in 1834. Graves were marked with native stones with no inscriptions. Some of the Indians had adopted . . . — Map (db m96643) HM
Arkansas (Faulkner County), Conway — Lt. Joseph W. Harris, U.S.A.
Joseph W. Harris of New Hampshire, received appointment to the Military Academy at West Point at the age of 17 and graduated in 1825. He was assigned to accompany a group of 750 Cherokees aboard the steamboat Yeatman. They were forced to land at . . . — Map (db m97914) HM
Arkansas (Jefferson County), Pine Bluff — Barraque Street
This street was named for Antoine Barraque (1773-1858), native of France, soldier of Napoleon, and one of this area's earliest settlers. Founder of New Gascony in this county, he was a man of property and Indian sub-agent. Trusted and liked by the . . . — Map (db m30577) HM
Arkansas (Lonoke County), Austin — Oakland Grove (Old Austin) — Short Cut to Indian Territory 1832-1838 — Trail of Tears Through Arkansas —
In 1807, citizens of Crystal Hill built a road to connect Cadron and Arkansas Post. From Cadron the road was built almost due east and continued until they reached the Wattensaw. At the Wattensaw swamps they found an Indian path that led south to . . . — Map (db m116694) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Helena and The Trail of Tears
"The steamer Warren brought news... of the loss of the steamboat Monmouth, and the death of at least one-half of her infamously crowded passengers. This fatal, and most appalling, accident arose from a collision between these two boats; but from the . . . — Map (db m52028) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Hernando De Soto
1541-1931 June 18, 1541 Hernando De Soto Crossed the Mississippi River near Friar's Point to Aquixo an Indian Village south of Helena, Arkansas — Map (db m51917) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — They Passed This Way — The Trail of Tears - Water Route
"I have no more land, I am driven away from home, driven up the red waters, let us all go, let us all die together and somewhere upon the banks we will be there." - Sin-e-cha's Song, heard on several removal boats along the Trail of . . . — Map (db m52027) HM
Arkansas (Phillips County), Helena — Those who have come before
The Delta represents a “melting pot” of diverse cultures. And most of them got here by canoe. Canoeing is the oldest form of water transportation on the Mississippi River-at least 2,000 years old! In the Quapaw tribal history, they . . . — Map (db m107816) HM
Arkansas (Pope County), Russellville — Exploring the Arkansas
'The Arkansea' was a land of mystery, wonder and riches... Back east rumors grew of the Arkansea, a land of vast swamps, gators, buffalo, elk, beaver, and more bear than could be imagined. There were huge flocks of green and yellow . . . — Map (db m142029) HM
Arkansas (Pope County), Russellville — Military Road Marker Stone
This stone is a marker from the old Military Road which extended from Little Rock to Ft. Smith. The marker was found west of Dardanelle in 1940 by Mr. Henry Sellers, District Highway Engineer, while supervising the construction of Arkansas Highway . . . — Map (db m142032) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — The Trail of Tears through Jacksonville — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"The route which the Choctaws and Chickasaws will travel, in emigrating to their new homes, is not yet, we believe, fully determined on; but it is quite probable that a large proportion of them will cross the Mississippi at Helena, and White . . . — Map (db m116572) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Jacksonville — They Passed This Way — Trail of Tears National Historic Trail — National Trails System —
"Long time we travel on way to new land.... Womens cry.... Children cry and men cry...but they say nothing and just put heads down and keep on go towards West. Many days pass and people die very much." -Recollection of a . . . — Map (db m116602) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — Settlements
While the Quapaw Indians could be said to "own" the land which is the Riverfront Park, their villages were actually along the Arkansas River between the "point of rocks" and the Mississippi River. However, the Imbeau, Bartholomew, and Coussatt . . . — Map (db m117431) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — The Point of Rocks
The first definite account of the site we call the "little rock" is from Benard de la Harpe, a French officer sent in 1722 to explore the Arkansas River. He identified "some rocky country" and a league further upriver to the right, a rock which he . . . — Map (db m117089) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — The Quapaw Line
This stone marks the Quapaw Line, west boundary of lands in Territorial Arkansas, ceded the Quapaw Indians by the United States according to the Treaty of 1818 — Map (db m116175) HM
Arkansas (Pulaski County), Little Rock — Witness to Removal — La Petite Roche Historical Walk
In 1818, the U.S. policy on Indian Removal restricted the Quapaw to a reservation in Arkansas. The western boundary, or Quapaw Line, began at "the Little Rock." This was perhaps the first official use of the name Little Rock. In 1824, a new . . . — Map (db m116565) HM
Arkansas (Saline County), Benton — Quapaws, Choctaws, and Chickasaws Passed Here — 1825 - 1837
The Indian parties followed an ancient trail that became known as the Southwest Trail. The primitive trail took the tribal groups by where you are standing. William S. Lockhart was the first permanent settler in the area, arriving in 1815, at a . . . — Map (db m96596) HM
Arkansas (Searcy County), Marshall — South Mountain Scenic Overlook — Elevation 1386'
"American Indians inhabited these Ozark hills for thousands of years until the turmoil of European exploration and long periods of drought caused their movement out of the highlands at the same time that European trappers, hunters, and explorers . . . — Map (db m143763) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Battle of Massard Prairie
On July 27, 1864 Confederates led by Gen. Richard M. Gano surprised an outpost of the Sixth Kansas Cavalry at nearby Caldwell's Place. The Federal force was routed with a loss of 25 killed and wounded, 127 prisoners and much equipment. The . . . — Map (db m52566) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Belle Point
In 1817, the first Fort Smith was built at Belle Point at the junction of the Poteau and Arkansas Rivers by Major William Bradford, for the mutual protection of the pioneers and Indians. He was in command until 1822. It was named in honor of . . . — Map (db m77874) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — Meeting of Nations
The Fort Smith Council was held in this building in September 1865. To establish relations following the Civil War, delegates of twelve Indian nations met with President Andrew Johnson’s representatives. Bitterly divided, Indians had fought for both . . . — Map (db m59025) HM
Arkansas (Sebastian County), Fort Smith — The Trail of Tears

This marks the last encampment of the Cherokee Indians on "The Trail of Tears," from their ancestral homes in the South to the land allotted them in the Indian Territory. — Map (db m92345) HM

Arkansas (Washington County), Fayetteville — Evolution of Fayetteville
The earliest known inhabitants of the hardwood forest of the Ozarks migrated to Arkansas over 12 thousand years ago through the Great Bering Strait. For the next two thousand years Bluff Dwellers hunted the mountain plateaus before the Quapaws, . . . — Map (db m59882) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Augusta — Augusta Memorial Park — Established about 1850
Much of the history of Augusta lies beneath these grounds. It was the burial ground for the Chickasaws before the first settlers. The earliest extant gravestone is Penelopy Simmons, who operated a hotel in Augusta and died in 1852. First . . . — Map (db m116627) HM
Arkansas (Woodruff County), Augusta — Chickasaw Crossing — River Mile 198
Chickasaws and Quapaws crossed the White River here to visit, long before the first settlers. First post office, named Chickasaw Crossing in Feb. 1848, was soon changed to Augusta. Steamboats docked here to deliver goods and left with . . . — Map (db m116629) HM

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Apr. 8, 2020