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Inyo County California Historical Markers

 
Power for the Diggins Marker image, Touch for more information
By Karen Key, October 8, 2006
Power for the Diggins Marker
California (Inyo County), Aspendell — Power for the Diggins
With the discovery of gold and silver in Nevada at Goldfield and Tonopah, the need for electric power for mining operations was fulfilled in September, 1905, by construction of a hydro-electric plant on Bishop Creek, which supplied 1,300 kilowatts . . . — Map (db m629) HM
California (Inyo County), Ballarat — Ballarat
Ballarat was born in eighteen ninety seven following the discovery of the Radcliff Mine in Pleasant Canyon Its namesake was the famous gold city in Victoria Australia it was never a very large town It served Panamint Valley and Death . . . — Map (db m50876) HM
California (Inyo County), Big Pine — Big Pine Veterans Memorial
Marker 1: The Big Pine Veterans Memorial was established by the Big Pine Civic Club in the year 2000 to honor all veterans of the Owens Valley. The 80-foot tall pole proudly displays the "Stars and Stripes" with the California State flag . . . — Map (db m54427) HM
California (Inyo County), Big Pine — The Roosevelt TreePlanted July 23, 1913
This Giant Sequoia is reported to have been planted to commemorate the opening of Westgaard Pass to automobile traffic. The tree was named in honor of President Theodore "Teddy" Roosevelt. — Map (db m54428) HM
California (Inyo County), Big Pine — Westgaard Pass Toll Road
Camp Independence soldiers needed a road to Waucoba-Deep Springs. In 1873 J. S. "Scott" Broder completed this road and collected tolls until 1900. In 1913 A. L. Westgaard led an American Automobile Assn. tour across here, seeking a new . . . — Map (db m54425) HM
California (Inyo County), Big Pine — Zurich Station
Zurich Station, formerly Alvord, was established in 1884 as a freight and passenger station on the Carson & Colorado Railway - known locally as "The Slim Princess." Zurich was the main railroad station for Big Pine and points east. Its name was . . . — Map (db m92763) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — "Atlas Copco Mucker"
This historic mining artifact is known as a track mucking machine. It dates back to the 1960s and was used by Union Carbide Corporation at the nearby Pine Creek Tungsten mine 20 miles North West of Bishop. During World War II and for some years . . . — Map (db m78131) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — 811 — Bishop Creek Battleground
On April 6, 1862, a battle took place around this site between newly arrived citizens of the Owens River Valley and the Paiute and Shoshone Indians, original inhabitants of the land. The reason for this battle is lost in obscurity, but brave men on . . . — Map (db m628) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — History of "Dangerous Arrest"Inyo Register — Thursday, March 10, 1887
The Shooting For the first time in many months the peace and calm of the town were disturbed by a succession of pistols shots last Saturday night. The shots were fired by Officer Plumley in arresting one Phillip Staiger for disorderly conduct . . . — Map (db m78316) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — 953 — Laws Station
In 1883 the Carson & Colorado Railroad was built between Mound House (Near Carson City, Nevada) through Laws to Keeler, California. A distance of 300 miles. Laws Station was named in honor of Mr. R.J. Laws, Assistant Superintendent of the railroad . . . — Map (db m10333) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — Lynching of the Convicts
Near this location, on Oct. 1, 1871, escaped convicts Moses Black and Leander Morton were lynched by vigilantes to avenge the killing of Robert Morrison, a well liked Wells Fargo agent from Benton. Morrison was a member of the sheriff's posse who . . . — Map (db m72571) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — Owensville
The first white man’s settlement in northern Owens Valley was built here in 1861 and two years later prospectors named it Owensville. It thrived for some time but in 1864, as mining in the White Mts. petered out the miners moved on to better . . . — Map (db m2953) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — Pine Creek Mine
West of this spot, gold was discovered in the Pine Creek drainage by Civil War veterans. It was not until April, 1916, when tungsten was discovered by four men: O.E. Vaughn, A.E. & C.C. Beauregard, and James Sproul on their claims, Blizzard 1, 2, 3 . . . — Map (db m2952) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — 208 — San Francis Ranch
In 1861, Samuel A. Bishop, his wife and party left Fort Tejon for the Owens Valley driving 650 head of stock. On August 22, Bishop reached a creek later named for him and southwest of this spot, established San Francis Ranch. There a peace treaty . . . — Map (db m627) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — Slim Princess
The Slim Princess “Engine 9” was built in 1909 and first saw service on the 36 inch narrow gauge rails (standard gauge is 4 feet 8 ½ inches) of the Nevada, California and Oregon Railroad. It came to the Mina Branch of the Southern . . . — Map (db m78315) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — The Ernest Kinney Teamster Family Mural
First Panel Left: Logging at Mono Mills Circa 1850-1910 This mural illustrates the Kinneys and Summers (Ernest’s grandmother was a Summers) hauling logs. The rig with the big wheels called “Michigan Wheels” is dragging . . . — Map (db m78320) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — The Little Kittie Inn
In August 1924 Matt Wilkenson opened the Kittie Lee Inn, which was named for his daughter. When William R. Whorff purchased it in 1925, the Kittie Lee became "the" place to stay for Hollywood's finest. When Bishop Airport was a training center . . . — Map (db m72572) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — The Mule
A hybrid offspring of a male donkey, commonly known as a jackass and a female horse. Characterized by long ears, a braying voice and short mane, this patient and sure footed animal has been used as a beast of burden throughout the world. Its . . . — Map (db m92729) HM
California (Inyo County), Bishop — Whiskey Creek History
The Kittie Lee Inn was built in 1924 and was considered to be the height of luxury. During Hollywood’s heyday of filming movies in the High Sierra, almost all of the great stars stayed here at one time or another. Will Rogers, Randolph Scott, . . . — Map (db m78314) HM
California (Inyo County), Cartago — "Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns"
[Upper Main Marker:] In June 1873 Colonel Sherman Stevens built a sawmill and flume on Cottonwood Creek high in the Sierra’s directly west of this spot. The flume connected with the Los Angeles Bullion Road. The lumber from the flume was . . . — Map (db m52104) HM
California (Inyo County), Cartago — 537 — Cottonwood Charcoal Kilns
In June 1873 Colonel Sherman Stevens built a sawmill and flume on Cottonwood Creek high in the Sierras directly west of this spot. The flume connected with the Los Angeles Bullion Road. The lumber from the flume was used for timbering in the mine . . . — Map (db m33877) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — 52 — Amargosa Opera House
This building was originally built by the Pacific Coast Borax Company in 1924. The original name of the facility was Corkill Hall, and was the social center for Death Valley Junction between 1924 to 1948. Between the years 1948 to 1967, Corkill . . . — Map (db m78582) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — 444 — Bennett-Arcan Long Camp
Near this spot the Bennett-Arcane contingent of the Death Valley '49ers, emigrants from the Middle West, seeking shortcut to California gold fields, were stranded for a month and almost perished from starvation. William Lewis Manley and John Rogers, . . . — Map (db m119959) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — BoraxHarmony Borax Works — Refining Borax
These panels deal with how borax was mined and refined at the Harmony Borax Works in Death Valley. Borax Borates - salt minerals - were deposited in ancient lake beds that uplifted and eroded into the yellow Furnace Creek . . . — Map (db m80567) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — Keane Wonder Mine
During the first two decades of this century the Keane Wonder Mine was the scene of major investment and development. The products of this labor were the riches - gold and silver. About 1903, Jack Keane, prospector, discovered gold in this area . . . — Map (db m115907) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — Shorty Harris Grave
Bury me beside Jim Dayton in the valley we loved. Above me write: "Here lies Shorty Harris, a single blanket jackass prospector." Epitaph requested by Shorty (Frank) Harris, beloved gold hunter, 1856-1934 Here Jas. Dayton, pioneer, perished, . . . — Map (db m93650) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley — Wagon Wheel History
Traces of civilization remain for a long time on the face of Death Valley. Here, on both sides of the paved highway, you can see tracks of wagons that rolled between the mining boom towns of Rhyolite, Nevada and Skidoo, California. — Map (db m93676) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley Junction — 51 — Death Valley Junction
This historic crossroad has been used by Indians, Clampers, Death Valley 49ers, ranchers, farmers, settlers and tourists. The town was originally called Amargosa. In 1907, the name was changed to Death Valley Junction. At this junction, the Tonopah . . . — Map (db m78583) HM
California (Inyo County), Death Valley National Park — 826 — Old Stovepipe Wells
This waterhole, only one in the sand dune area of Death Valley, was at the junction of two Indian trails. During the bonanza days of Rhyolite and Skidoo it was the only known water source on the cross-valley road. When sand obscured the spot, a . . . — Map (db m94591) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — 20 Mule Team Wagon Train1885
Used in hauling borax from Death Valley to Mojave, 165 miles - 10 days. The borax weighed 24 tons. The entire weight totaled 36½ tons. — Map (db m123894) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — 442 — Death Valley 49ers Gateway
Through this natural gateway the Death Valley Forty-niners. More than one hundred emigrants from the middle west seeking a shortcut to gold fields of central California, entered Death Valley in December,1849. All suffered from thirst and . . . — Map (db m31911) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — Devils Golf Course
Interbedded salt and water-bearing gravels are more than 1,000 feet thick beneath the Devils Golf Course. Great horizontal forces exerted by crystallizing salt, push these columns upward wind and rain carve them into fantastic shapes. — Map (db m100757) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — Furnace Creek Ranch, Death Valley
Furnace Creek is a spring fed stream flowing into Death Valley. Native Americans lived here centuries prior to its discovery by lost Forty Niners. In 1881, Aaron Winters found borax nearby, and sold his claims and water rights to William Tell . . . — Map (db m115054) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — Old Dinah1894
Steam tractor and ore wagons introduced at Old Borate to replace the twenty mule teams and replaced in turn by the Borate and Daggett Railroad. The tractor was later used and abandoned on the Beatty-Keane Wonder Mine in Death Valley. — Map (db m115058) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — 773 — Old Harmony Borax Works
On the marsh near this point borax was discovered in 1881 by Aaron Winters who later sold his holdings to W. T. Coleman of San Francisco. In 1882 Coleman built the Harmony Borax Works and commissioned his superintendent J. W. S. Perry, to design . . . — Map (db m123896) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — Stephen Tyng MatherJuly 4, 1867 - Jan. 22, 1930
He laid the foundation of the National Park Service, defining and establishing the policies under which its areas shall be developed and conserved unimpaired for future generations. There will never come an end to the good that he has done. — Map (db m71148) HM
California (Inyo County), Furnace Creek — White Gold
Though steeped in legend, the frenzied search for gold and other materials in Death Valley produced few fortunes. Borax, the "White Gold of the Desert," ranks as the valley's most profitable mineral. Harmony Borax works, in front of you, . . . — Map (db m32661) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — A Community's Living RoomManzanar National Historic Site
This auditorium is one of three original buildings remaining here from Manzanar War Relocation Center. As you walk closer, listen for laughter, tears, music—the sounds of celebration and sadness that once echoed through this building’s . . . — Map (db m122704) HM WM
California (Inyo County), Independence — 349 — Camp Independence
At the request of settlers, Colonel George Evans led a military expedition to this site on July 4, 1862. Hence its name “Independence”. Indian hostilities ceased and the camp closed. War again broke out in 1865 and the camp was . . . — Map (db m2954) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Edwards House
Thomas Edwards came to the Owens Valley in 1863, acquired land and founded the township of Independence. He built this house in 1865. It is the oldest house in Inyo County. — Map (db m52101) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Engine #18
An oil burning steam locomotive, built by Baldwin in 1911, was purchased by the Southern Pacific R.R. in 1926 to haul passengers and freight along the 300 miles narrow gauge line, known locality as the “Slim Princess”. Jim Butler of . . . — Map (db m52099) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Inyo County Courthouse
Architect: William H. Weeks Contractor: McCombs and Son Board of Supervisors George W. Naylor * Amos Hancock Thomas Thomson, Jr. * W.V. Butler Charles Partridge Accepted: November 8, 1921 The Inyo County Courthouse is . . . — Map (db m2956) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Kearsarge Station
Built originally as a stagecoach depot in 1866, it evolved into a railroad station in 1883 to carry freight and passengers on the Carson & Colorado Railroad line, known locally as the "Slim Princess". It served the Independence community from 1883 . . . — Map (db m72573) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — LegacyManzanar National Historic Site
Over the years, this monument has become an icon, inspiring a grass-roots movement to preserve Manzanar and remember the sacrifices of 120,313 Japanese Americans confined by their own government.Map (db m70549) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — 850 — Manzanar
In the early part of the World War II, 110,000 persons of Japanese ancestry were interned in relocation centers by Executive Order No. 9066, issued on February 19, 1942. Manzanar, the first of ten such concentration camps, was bounded by . . . — Map (db m122703) HM WM
California (Inyo County), Independence — 229 — Mary Austin’s Home
1868 – 1934 “But if ever you come beyond the borders as far as the town that lies in a hill dimple at the foot of Kearsarge, never leave it until you have knocked on the door of the brown house under the willow-tree at the end of the . . . — Map (db m2955) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — 223 — Putnam’s Stone Cabin
One hundred thirty feet west of this site, Charles Putnam built the first cabin of permanent habitation in what is now Inyo County in August 1861. The building served as a home, trading post, hospital, and “fort” for early settlers, as . . . — Map (db m2957) HM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Sacred SpaceManzanar National Historic Site
Life at Manzanar was uncertain, but the prospect of dying behind barbed wire, far from home, may have been unthinkable. On May 16, 1943, Matsunosuke Murakami, 62, became the first of 150 men, women, and children to die in camp. He and 14 others, . . . — Map (db m70534) WM
California (Inyo County), Independence — Weaving for the WarManzanar National Historic Site
America went to work for the war effort in 1942, and Manzanar was no exception. More than 500 young Japanese Americans wove camouflage nets here for the U.S. Army. Since citizenship was a job requirement, most saw weaving nets as a chance to prove . . . — Map (db m70551) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — Cerro Gordo
Cerro Gordo discovered by Mexicans in 1865 was at $17,000,000 Inyo's wealthiest mineral producer. Silver, lead, zinc, water and supplies all went by mule train, tram. The "Bessie Brady" boat across Owens Lake and Remi Nadeau mule teams to build the . . . — Map (db m72747) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — Dolomite Mine
In 1862 this high quality deposit of dolomitic limestone was discovered. Its remorte location delayed development until 1883, when the Carson & Colorado Railroad was constructed. In 1885, Drew Haven Dunn filed a mining claim and the Inyo Marble . . . — Map (db m72577) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — KeelerEnd of the Line
From Mound House, Nevada, narrow gauge rails of the Carson & Colorado Railroad reached this site in 1883. Cerro Gordo and other mines faltered, the rail line fell on hard times, so plans to extend the line to Mojave were abandoned, leaving Keeler as . . . — Map (db m72574) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — Owens Lake Dust Mitigation Program
Owens Lake was once over 300 feet deep and part of a large ancient freshwater lake. As the climate changed over centuries, the lake began to dry up leaving behind concentrated minerals and salts. By 1905, diversion of water by farmers in the Owens . . . — Map (db m72575) HM
California (Inyo County), Keeler — 752 — Owens Lake Silver-Lead Furnace
The Owens Lake Silver-Lead Furnace and Mill was built here by Col. Sherman Stevens in 1869 and used until March 1874. James Brady assumed its operation in 1870 for the Silver-Lead Company and built the town of Swansea. During the next few years the . . . — Map (db m72576) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — "Gunga Din" Filmed Here
In 1938, this hill area, among many others in these Alabama Hills, served as a stand-in for the hill country of northern India when RKO made the classic adventure film, 'Gunga Din,' on location in Lone Pine. Hundreds of horsemen raced across the . . . — Map (db m93442) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Alabama Gates
The Alabama Gates and gate house were constructed in 1913 when the Los Angeles Aqueduct was built to dewater the aqueduct when maintenance is necessary. On November 16, 1924, seventy or more local citizens seized the aqueduct at the Alabama Gates . . . — Map (db m93252) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Ballarat3 1/2 Miles
Now a ghost town, Ballarat served nearby mining camps from 1897 to 1917. They produced nearly a million in gold. The jail & a few adobe ruins remain. Seldom Seen Slim, it's last resident, was buried in Boothill in 1968. It had a school but no . . . — Map (db m50875) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 107 — Ballarat
3 1/2 miles east of this point lies Ballarat. Established in 1897 as a mining camp and supply center for the gold and silver mines located on the western slope of the Panamint Mountains. It was named after a well-known gold producing area in . . . — Map (db m78549) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Cartago Boat Landing
In the 1870’s bullion bars from Cerro Gordo mines were hauled across Owens Lake on the steamer “Bessie Brady” to Cartago Boat Landing. Remi Nadeau’s 14 mule teams hauled the bullion to Los Angeles, returning with freight. — Map (db m81960) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Darwin
The town was named after Dr. E. Darwin French who explored the area in 1860 giving his name to the falls, canyon, and wash. First recorded mine, the Promontorio, was discovered by Rafael Cuervo October 1876. Darwin was the center of activity of the . . . — Map (db m72567) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 507 — Disaster in 1872Grave of 1872 Earthquake Victims
On the date of March 26, 1872, an earthquake of major proportions shook Owens Valley and nearly destroyed the town of Lone Pine. Twenty seven persons were killed. In addition to single burials, 16 of the victims were interred in a common . . . — Map (db m34157) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Joshua Tree
Have you found what you're looking for? — Map (db m72565) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Lone Pine Film Museum
This Plaque Presented to The Beverly and Jim Rogers Lone Pine Film Museum to Honor Masons and Shriners. Dedicated to all Masons and Shriners who appeared in movies filmed in the Alabama Hills, Lone Pine and surrounding areas. Presented by Kerak . . . — Map (db m72578) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Lone Pine Pioneer Cemetery
This cemetery was established in 1865 when Mrs, McGuire and her son were killed on Jan. 1, 1865, during the last battle of the 1860's Owens Valley Indian Wars. Those buried here were the Town's founders, including C. Begole and A. Johnson, who along . . . — Map (db m93443) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Movie Flats
Since 1920, hundreds of movies and TV episodes, including Gunga Din, How The West Was Won, Khyber Rifles, Bengal Lancers, and High Sierra, along with, The Lone Ranger and Bonanza, with such stars as Tom Mix, Hopalong Cassidy, Roy Rogers, Gary . . . — Map (db m52103) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Padre Crowley PointIn Memory of the Padre of the Desert — 1891-1940
. . . — Map (db m72566) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — 112 — Panamint City
Rich sliver ore was discovered in December 1872 at the head of Surprise Canyon 12 miles northeast of here. The United States Senators for Nevada, John P. Jones and William Morris Stewart, invested in and promoted the camp which drew a peak . . . — Map (db m78544) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — The Adobe Wall
On March 26, 1872 at 2:30AM, one of the largest earthquakes ever recorded destroyed 52 out of the 59 buildings in Lone Pine. Because of the scarcity of building materials the largely immigrant population of Lone Pine, (estimated 250-300), . . . — Map (db m52102) HM
California (Inyo County), Lone Pine — Wedding of the Waters Pageant
The pageant weekend in 1937 was created by Father Crowley and locals to celebrate the opening of the much needed new paved road section connecting Owens Valley to Death Valley and points east. Friday morning a special gourd of water was scooped . . . — Map (db m77727) HM
California (Inyo County), Panamint Springs — Charcoal Kilns
Editor's Note: The original marker has been replaced. Replacement Marker: Built in 1877, these kilns produced charcoal for the Modock Mine smelter about 20 miles to the west. Workers filled the stone kilns with piñon pine . . . — Map (db m89561) HM
California (Inyo County), Panamint Springs — Skidoo Pipeline
The Skidoo Pipeline can be seen either north or south of this location. The pipeline, which ran from Birch Spring in Jail Canyon to the millsite 23 miles away, was completed in 1907 at a cost of $250,000. — Map (db m117628) HM
California (Inyo County), Shoshone — Ashford Mill Ruins
In 1914, gold ore from the Golden Treasure Mine, 5 miles to the east, was processed here for shipment to a smelter. Legend has it that the Ashford Brothers sold the mine for $50,000 to a Hungarian Count, who later sold it to B.W. McCausland for . . . — Map (db m89558) HM
California (Inyo County), Shoshone — 152 — Shoshone
Located at Metbury Spring on the Tonopah and Tidewater Railroad, Shoshone was founded in 1910 by Ralph Jacobus "DAD" Fairbanks. After the collapse of the mining camp of Greenwater (approximately 20 miles northwest of here), "DAD" Fairbanks came to . . . — Map (db m78511) HM
California (Inyo County), Stovepipe Wells — 441 — Burned Wagons Point
Near this monument, Jayhawker group of Death Valley Forty-Niners, gold seekers from middle west, who entered Death Valley in 1849 seeking short route to mines of Central California, burned their wagons, dried the meat of some oxen and, with . . . — Map (db m89481) HM
California (Inyo County), Stovepipe Wells — 848 — Eichbaum Toll Road
In 1926 H.W. Eichbaum obtained a franchise for a toll road from Darwin Falls to Stovepipe Wells, the first maintained road into the valley from the west. It changed the area from mining to tourism and brought about the creation of Death Valley . . . — Map (db m94590) HM
California (Inyo County), Stovepipe Wells — Road To Adventure
The first resort on this site, originally named “Bungalette City," was opened on November 1, 1926. Owned and operated by Herman William (Bob) and Helene Eichbaum, this resort was the first attempt to provide full scale tourist services in . . . — Map (db m103254) HM
California (Inyo County), Tecopa — China Ranch
In the 1890's a Chinese man named Ah Foo came to this canyon from the Borax Works in Death Valley. He developed a successful ranch, raising livestock, hay, fruits and vegetables to help feed the local silver miners and their draft animals. The . . . — Map (db m72929) HM
California (Inyo County), Trona — 443 — Valley Wells
In this area, several groups of midwestern emigrants, who had escaped from hazards and privations in Death Valley in 1849, sought to secure water from Searles Lake. When they discovered its salty nature, they turned northward and westward in . . . — Map (db m93441) HM

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